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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Contents

Violet may refer to:

Color

  • Violet (color), which is primarily used to describe a color often confused with purple

People

Biology

  • Violet, a plant of the genus Viola
  • African violet, a plant of the genus Saintpaulia that has a superficial resemblance to Viola
  • Dogtooth violet, any of several species of the genus Erythronium
  • Sea violet, a type of edible ascidian, or sea squirt

Geography

Entertainment

Fictional characters

  • Violet (comics) a.k.a. Shrinking Violet, a character in the DC Comics series Legion of Super-Heroes
  • Violet Gray, a character in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz
  • Violet Baudelaire, a character from the highly popular A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
  • Violet Beauregarde, a character in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
  • Violet Parr, a character in the Pixar movie The Incredibles
  • Violet Song jat Shariff, a character in the 2006 film UltraViolet
  • An alias of the character Lee Chaolan in Tekken 4
  • Violet, a character in Fifi & the Flowertots.
  • Violet, a character in the 1980's cartoon Rainbow Brite
  • Violet, a character in the 1978 film Pretty Baby, directed by Louis Malle
  • Violet, a character in the 1996 film Bound
  • Violet Heaslip, Becky Botsford's/WordGirl's best friend in the series of WordGirl
  • Violet Potato, Elena Potato's baby sister in the series of Monster Allergy
  • Dr. Violet Turner, a character in the television series, Private Practice, portrayed by Amy Brenneman

Other uses

Distinguish from


Contents

Violet may refer to:

Color

People

Biology

  • Violet, a plant of the genus Viola
  • African violet, a plant of the genus Saintpaulia that has a superficial resemblance to Viola
  • Dogtooth violet, any of several species of the genus Erythronium
  • Sea violet, a type of edible ascidian, or sea squirt

Geography

Entertainment

Fictional characters

  • Violet (comics) a.k.a. Shrinking Violet, a character in the DC Comics series Legion of Super-Heroes
  • Violet Gray, a character in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz
  • Violet Baudelaire, a character from the highly popular A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
  • Violet Beauregarde, a character in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
  • Violet Parr, a character in the Pixar movie The Incredibles
  • Violet Song jat Shariff, a character in the 2006 film UltraViolet
  • An alias of the character Lee Chaolan in Tekken 4
  • Violet, a character in Fifi & the Flowertots.
  • Violet, a character in the 1980's cartoon Rainbow Brite
  • Violet, a character in the 1978 film Pretty Baby, directed by Louis Malle
  • Violet, a character in the 1996 film Bound
  • Violet Heaslip, Becky Botsford's/WordGirl's best friend in the series of WordGirl
  • Violet Potato, Elena Potato's baby sister in the series of Monster Allergy
  • Dr. Violet Turner, a character in the television series, Private Practice, portrayed by Amy Brenneman

Other uses

Distinguish from


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Violet article)

From Wikisource

The Violet
by Jane Taylor
"The Violet," by Jane Taylor (1783-1824), is another of those dear old-fashioned poems, pure poetry and pure violet. It is included in this volume out of respect to my own love for it when I was a child.

    Down in a green and shady bed
      A modest violet grew;
    Its stalk was bent, it hung its head,
      As if to hide from view.

    And yet it was a lovely flower,
      No colours bright and fair;
    It might have graced a rosy bower,
      Instead of hiding there.

    Yet there it was content to bloom,
      In modest tints arrayed;
    And there diffused its sweet perfume,
      Within the silent shade.

    Then let me to the valley go,
      This pretty flower to see;
    That I may also learn to grow
      In sweet humility.


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

VIOLET. The violets comprise a large botanical genus (Viola) - in which more than 200 species have been described - found principally in temperate or mountain regions of the northern hemisphere; they also occur in mountainous districts of South America and South and Tropical Africa, while a few are found in Australasia. The species are mostly low-growing herbs with alternate leaves provided with large leafy stipules (fig. r). The flowers, which are solitary, or rarely in pairs, at the end of slender axillary flower-stalks, are very irregular in form, with five sepals prolonged at the base, and five petals, the lowest one larger than the others and with a spur, in which collects the honey secreted by the spurs of the two adjoining stamens. The five anthers are remarkable for the coloured processes which extend beyond the anther cells and form a sort of cone around the style (fig. 2). The ovary is superior and one-celled, with three parietal placentas and numerous ovules; it bears a single style, which ends in a dilated or hood-like stigma (fig. 3). The fruit is a capsule bursting loculicidally, i.e. through the centre of each of the three valves. By the contraction of the valves the small smooth seeds, which form FIG. 2. - Two Stamens of Viola tricolor (Pansy), with their two anther lobes and the processp extending beyond them. One of the stamens has been deprived of its spur; the other shows its spur, c. a row down the centre, are shot out to some little distance from she parent plant. The irregular construction of the flower is connected with fertilization by insect agency. To reach the honey in the spur of the flower, the insect must thrust its proboscis into the flower close under the globular head of the stigma. This lies in the anterior part of a groove fringed with hairs on the inferior petal. The anthers shed their pollen into this groove, either of themselves or when the pistil is shaken by the insertion of the bee's proboscis. The proboscis, passing down this groove to the spur, becomes dusted with pollen; as it is drawn back, it presses up the lip-like valve of the stigma so that no pollen can enter the stigmatic chamber; but as it enters the next flower it leaves some pollen on the upper surface of the valve, and thus cross-fertilization is effected. In the sweet violet, V. odorata and other species, inconspicuous permanently closed or "cleistogamic" flowers (fig. 4) occur of a FIG. 3. - Pistil of Viola tricolor (Pansy). 1. Vertical section to show the ovules o, attached to the parietes. Two rows of ovules are seen, one in front and the other in profile. p, a thickened line on the walls forming the placenta; c, calyx; d, ovary; s, hooded stigma terminating the short style. 2. Horizontal section of the same. p, placenta; o, ovules; s, suture, or median line of carpel.

greenish colour, so that they offer no attractions to insect visitors and their form is correspondingly regular. The anthers are so situated that the pollen on escaping comes into contact with the stigma; in such flowers self-fertilization is compulsory and very effectual, as seeds in profusion are produced.

Missing image
Violet-1.jpg
Missing image
Violet-2.jpg

Several species of Viola are native to Great Britain. Viola canin g (fig. 5) is the dog violet, many forms or subspecies of which are recognized; V. odorata, sweet violet, is highly prized for its fragrance, and in cu;tivation numerous varieties have originated. The Neapolitan or Parma violet (var. pallida plena) is a form with very sweet-scented, double, pale lavender flowers; var. sulphurea has shining deep green leaves and lemon-yellow flowers, deeper yellow in the centre, and with a pale-violet spur. Sweet violets like a rich, fairly heavy soil, with a north or north-west aspect if possible; 2 FIG. 1. - Leaf of Viola tricolor (Pansy) showing the large leafy stipules (s).

Missing image
Violet-3.jpg

FIG. 4. - CleistogamicFlower of Viola sylvatica. I. FlowerX4. 2. Flower more highly magnified and cut open. a, anther; s, pistil; st, style; v, stigmatic surface.

they are readily increased by dividing the crowns after flowering. Other species known in gardens are: V. altaica, flowers yellow or FIG. 5. - Dog Violet (Viola canina), half nat. size.

1. Floral diagram of Viola, showing arrangement of parts in horizontal plan. b, pair of bracteoles below the flower; s, sepals; p, petals; st, stamens; o, ovary.

2. Fruit, split open.

violet with yellow eye; V. biflora, a pretty little species 3-4 in. high with small yellow flowers, the large petal being streaked with black; V. calcarata, flowers light blue or white, or yellow in var. flavor; V. cornuta, flowers pale blue - there are a few good varieties of this, including one with white flowers; V. cucullata, a free-flowering American species with violet-blue or purple flowers; V. Munbyana, a native of Algeria, with large violet or yellow flowers; V. pedata, the bird's-foot violet, with pedately divided leaves and usually bright blue flowers; V. rothomagensis, a native of western Europe, with flowers bright blue striped with black, and sometimes called the Rouen violet; and V. suavis, a native of Asia Minor, the Russian violet, with pale-blue sweet-scented flowers. The garden pansies or heartseases are derivatives from V. tricolor, a cornfield weed, or V. altaica, a native of the Altai mountains. (See Pansy.) "Bedding violas," which differ from pansies in some slight technical details, have been raised from V. cornuta and V. lutea by crossing with the show pansies. The application of an infusion of violet leaves was at one time believed to have the power of reducing the size of cancerous growths, but its use is now discredited.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Violet

Plural
-

Violet

  1. A female given name from the English noun violet.

Translations


Simple English

This box shows the color violet.
 

Violet is the seventh color of the rainbow--it is the color on the inner edge of the rainbow. Violet is sometimes confused with purple. The name of the color comes from the violet, which is a small flower grown in most parts of the world.

The first recorded use of violet as a color name in English was in 1370.[1]


Contents

Meaning of violet

  • The color violet represents magic. [2]


Comparison of Indigo, violet

  • 6F00FF (RGB: 111, 0, 255)
  • Near Violet (Color Wheel Violet) (Hex: #8F00FF) (RGB: 127, 0, 255)
  • Violet (Middle Violet) (Electric Violet) (Hex: #7F00FF) (RGB: 143, 0, 255)
  • Tones of violet color comparison chart

    • Lavender Blush (web color) (Hex: #FFF0F5) (RGB: 255, 240, 245)
    • Lavender Mist (web color Lavender) (Hex: #E6E6FA) (RGB: 230, 230, 250)
    • Languid Lavender (Hex: #D6CADD) (RGB: 214, 202, 221)
    • Lavender Blue-Grey (Hex: #BDBBD7) (RGB: 189, 187, 215)
    • Lavender Grey (Hex: #C4C3D0) (RGB: 196, 195, 221)
    • Pale Lavender (Light Mauve) (Hex: #DCD0FF) (RGB: 220, 208, 255)
    • Lavender Blue (Periwinkle) (Hex: #CCCCFF) (RGB: 204, 204, 255)
    • Pastel Lavender (Mauve) (Hex: #E0B0FF) (RGB: 224, 176, 255)
    • Medium Lavender Grey (Lilac) (Hex: #C8A2C8) (RGB: 200, 162, 200)
    • Light Lavender (Wisteria (Crayola)) (Hex: #C9A0DC (RGB: 201, 160, 220)
    • Lavender Pink (Crayola "Lavender [Pink]") (Hex: #FBAED2) (RGB: 251, 174, 210)
    • Lavender Rose (Hex: #FBA0E3) (RGB: 251, 160, 227)
    • Brilliant Lavender (Electric Lavender) (Hex: #F4BBFF (RGB: 249, 192, 255)
    • Lavender Magenta (web color "violet") (Hex: #EE82EE) (RGB: 238, 130, 238)
    • Vivid Lavender (Psychedelic Lavender) (Heliotrope) (Hex: #DF73FF) (RGB: 223, 115, 255)
    • Medium Lavender Pink (Sky Magenta) (Hex: #CF71AF) (RGB: 207, 113, 175)
    • Dull Deep Lavender (Wikipedia Link Lavender) (Hex: #9C87CD) (RGB: 158, 137, 193)
    • Medium Bright Lavender (Bright Ube) (Hex: #D19FE8) (RGB: 209, 159, 232)
    • Bright Lavender (Light Floral Lavender) (Hex: #BF94E4) (RGB: 191, 148, 228)
    • Lavender (Floral Lavender) (Hex: #B57EDC) (RGB: 181, 126, 220)
    • Rich Lavender (Deep Floral Lavender) (Hex: #A76BCF) (RGB: 170, 97, 204)
    • Deep Rich Lavender (Deep Lilac) (Hex: #9955BB) (RGB: 153, 85, 187)
    • Medium Deep Lavender (Amethyst) (Hex: #9966CC) (RGB: 153, 102, 204)
    • Deep Rich Lavender Grey (Purple Yam) (Ube) (Hex: #8878C3) (RGB: 136, 120, 195)
    • Deep Lavender (Medium Purple (web color)) (Hex: #9370DB) (RGB: 147, 112, 219)
    • Near Violet (Color Wheel Violet) (Hex: #7F00FF) (RGB: 127, 0, 255)
    • VIOLET (Middle Violet) (Electric Violet) (Hex: #8F00FF) (RGB: 143, 0, 255)
    • Extreme Violet (Vivid Violet) (Hex: #9F00FF) (RGB: 159, 0, 255)
    • Dark Orchid (web color) (Hex: #9932CC) (RGB: 153, 50, 204)
    • Pigment Violet (web color Dark Violet) (Hex: #9400D3) (RGB: 148, 0, 211)
    • Deep Indigo (web color Blue-Violet) (Hex: #8A2BE2) (RGB: 138, 43, 226)
    • Internet Purple (color of "all purple website" www.purple.com) (Hex: #7D26CD) (RGB: 125, 38, 205)
    • Royal Purple (Crayola) (Hex: #6B3FA0) (RGB: 107,63,160)
    • Generic Purple (Hex: #660099) (RGB: 102, 0, 153) (CMYK: 33,100,0,40)
    • Purple Heart (Crayola) (Hex: #652DC1) (RGB: 101, 45, 93)
    • Dark Lavender (Pantone Color #258) (Hex: #734F96) (RGB: 115, 79, 50)
    • Violet Purple (Crayola) (Hex: #8359A3) (RGB: 131, 89 ,163)
    • Lavender Purple (Purple Mountain Majesty (Crayola)) (Hex: #9978B6) (RGB: 150, 120, 182)
    • Old Lavender (Dark Lavender Grey) (Hex: #796878) (RGB: 121, 104, 120)
    • Twilight Lavender (Crayola) (Hex: #8A496B) (RGB: 138, 73, 107)
    • Halaya Ube (Purple Yam Jam) (Hex: #663854) (RGB: 102, 56, 84)
    • Clairvoyant (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #480656) (RGB: 72, 6, 86)
    • Vulgar Purple (Grape Jelly) (Hex: #3E2F84) (RGB: 62, 47, 132)
    • Jagger (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #350E47) (RGB: 53, 14, 87)
    • Black Currant (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #32293A) (RGB: 50, 41, 58)

    References

    1. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 207
    2. Bonewits, P.E.I., Real Magic New York:1975 Berkley Medallion Books 1971 Page 141 Note: P.E.I. Bonewits in 1970 was the first person ever to graduate from U.C. Berkeley with a degree in Magic.

    Other pages

    ColorsList of colors
    Cyan Magenta Black Gray Silver White
    Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
    Gold Olive Purple Navy Brown Pink

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