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Virginia's 3rd congressional district: Wikis

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Virginia's 3rd congressional district
VA 3rd Congressional District.png
Current Representative Robert C. Scott (D)
Population (2000) 643,476
Median income $32,238
Ethnicity 38.6% White, 56.4% Black, 1.4% Asian, 2.6% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% other
Cook PVI D+20

Virginia's third congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It covers all of the City of Portsmouth, parts of the Cities of Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk and Richmond, all of the counties of Charles City, New Kent, and Surry, and part of the counties of Henrico and Prince George. The current representative is Robert C. Scott (D).

Contents

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2008 President Obama 76 - 24%
2004 President Kerry 66 - 33%
2000 President Gore 66 - 32%

Historical composition of the district

In 1788 Virginia's 3rd Congressional District consisted of all of modern Virginia including and west of the counties of Carroll, Floyd, Roanoke, Botetourt, Augusta and Rockingham. It also included what is today Pendleton County, West Virginia and also about the southern third of West Virginia which in 1788 was all Greenbrier County. This area that is today about 48 counties and 13 independent cities was in 1788 only nine counties.[1]

In the 1790 census this area had a population of 66,045.[2]

For the 1792 congressional elections the number of congressional districts in Virginia rose from 10 to 19. The only county that remained in the third district was Pendleton County. Harrison, Randolph, Hardy, Hampshire, Monongalia and Ohio Counties, all now in West Virginia were also in the district.[3] This was all of northern West Virginia except the far eastern panhandle area. The new district's 1790 population was 30,145.[4]

The 1800 Census lead to another increase in Virginia's congressional districts in 1802. The third district was again moved, this time to what was then Frederick and Shenandoah Counties in Virginia, which besides those counties also included the modern counties of Clarke, Warren and part of Page.[5] The new 3rd district had a population of 38,767 in 1800.[6]

The district's current configuration dates to 1993, when the Justice Department ordered Virginia to create a majority-minority district. At that time, portions of the old 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th districts were combined to create a new 3rd District. Some minor changes were made as a result of a 1997 federal court decision that the old 3rd was an unconstitutional racial gerrymander, but its boundaries have been largely unchanged since 1993.

List of Representatives

Representative Lived Party Term Note
District created: March 4, 1789
Andrew Moore (1752-1821) Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 - March 3, 1793 Redistricted to the 2nd district
Joseph Neville (1730-1819) Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 - March 3, 1795 Retired
George Jackson (1757-1837) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 - March 3, 1797 Defeated
James Machir (.......-1827) Federalist March 4, 1797 - March 3, 1799 Defeated
George Jackson (1757-1837) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 - March 3, 1803 Retired
John Smith (1750-1836) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1815 Redistricted from the 1st district, Retired
Henry St. George Tucker (1780-1848) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1819 Became a state senator
Jared Williams (1766-1831) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 - March 3, 1823 Redistricted to the 17th district
William S. Archer (1789-1855) Crawford D-R March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Redistricted from the 17th district
Jackson March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1835
John W. Jones (1791-1848) Jackson March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1843 Redistricted to the 6th district
Walter Coles (1790-1857) Democratic March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845 Redistricted from the 6th district, Retired
William M. Tredway (1807-1891) Democratic March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847 Defeated
Thomas S. Flournoy (1811-1883) Whig March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849 Defeated
Thomas H. Averett (1800-1855) Democratic March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1853 Defeated
John S. Caskie (1821-1869) Democratic March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1859 Redistricted from the 6th district, Defeated
Daniel C. DeJarnette, Sr. (1822-1881) Independent Democrat March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861 Resigned
Civil War and Reconstruction
Charles H. Porter (1833-1897) Republican January 27, 1870 - March 3, 1873 Retired
John A. Smith (1847-1892) Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Defeated
Gilbert C. Walker (1833-1885) Democratic March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1879 Retired
Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891) Democratic March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1881 Retired
George D. Wise (1831-1898) Democratic March 4, 1881 - April 11, 1890 Election successfully contested
Edmund Waddill, Jr. (1855-1931) Republican April 12, 1890 - March 3, 1891 Retired
George D. Wise (1831-1898) Democratic March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1895 Retired
Tazewell Ellett (1856-1914) Democratic March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1897 Defeated
John Lamb (1840-1924) Democratic March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1913 Defeated
Andrew J. Montague (1862-1937) Democratic March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1933 Redistricted to the At-large district
State using at-large format March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935
Andrew J. Montague (1862-1937) Democratic March 4, 1935 - January 24, 1937 Redistricted from the At-large district, Died
Vacant January 24, 1937 - November 2, 1937
David E. Satterfield, Jr. (1894-1946) Democratic November 2, 1937 - February 15, 1945 Resigned
Vacant February 15, 1945 - March 6, 1945 Special election March 6, 1945
J. Vaughan Gary (1892-1973) Democratic March 6, 1945 - January 3, 1965 Retired
David E. Satterfield III (b. 1920) Democratic January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1981 Retired
Thomas J. Bliley, Jr. (b. 1932) Republican January 3, 1981 - January 3, 1993 Redistricted to the 7th district
Robert C. Scott (b. 1947) Democratic January 3, 1993 - Current

Sources

  1. ^ Parsons, Stanley B, William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts 1788-1841. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 29
  2. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 28
  3. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 71
  4. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 70
  5. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 129
  6. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 128

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