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Viridiplantae
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Archaeplastida
Phylum: Viridiplantae

Viridiplantae (literally "green plants")[1][2][3] are a clade comprising the green algae and land plants.[4][5]

In some classification systems they have been treated as a kingdom,[6] under various names, e.g. Viridiplantae, Chlorobionta, or simply Plantae.

Together with Rhodophyta and glaucophytes, Viridaeplantae are thought to belong to a larger clade called Primoplantae or Archaeplastida.

The monophyletic Chlorophyta and Streptophyta are classified under Viridiplantae.[7]

There are more than 350,000 species of Viridiplantae.[8]

Viridiplantae do not possess class-I myosins.[9]

References

  1. ^ Duvick J, Fu A, Muppirala U, et al (January 2008). "PlantGDB: a resource for comparative plant genomics". Nucleic Acids Res. 36 (Database issue): D959–65. doi:10.1093/nar/gkm1041. PMID 18063570. PMC 2238959. http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18063570.  
  2. ^ "www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=33090. Retrieved 2009-03-08.  
  3. ^ Cocquyt E, Verbruggen H, Leliaert F, Zechman FW, Sabbe K, De Clerck O (2009). "Gain and loss of elongation factor genes in green algae". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 39. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-39. PMID 19216746. PMC 2652445. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/39.  
  4. ^ Becker B (2007). "Function and evolution of the vacuolar compartment in green algae and land plants (Viridiplantae)". Int. Rev. Cytol. 264: 1–24. doi:10.1016/S0074-7696(07)64001-7. PMID 17964920. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0074-7696(07)64001-7.  
  5. ^ Kim E, Graham LE (2008). "EEF2 analysis challenges the monophyly of Archaeplastida and Chromalveolata". PLoS ONE 3 (7): e2621. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002621. PMID 18612431. PMC 2440802. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002621.  
  6. ^ "Viridiplantae". http://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/33090. Retrieved 2009-03-08.  
  7. ^ Simon A, Glöckner G, Felder M, Melkonian M, Becker B (2006). "EST analysis of the scaly green flagellate Mesostigma viride (Streptophyta): implications for the evolution of green plants (Viridiplantae)". BMC Plant Biol. 6: 2. doi:10.1186/1471-2229-6-2. PMID 16476162. PMC 1413533. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/6/2.  
  8. ^ Smith SA, Beaulieu JM, Donoghue MJ (2009). "Mega-phylogeny approach for comparative biology: an alternative to supertree and supermatrix approaches". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 37. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-37. PMID 19210768. PMC 2645364. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/37.  
  9. ^ Odronitz F, Kollmar M (2007). "Drawing the tree of eukaryotic life based on the analysis of 2,269 manually annotated myosins from 328 species". Genome Biol. 8 (9): R196. doi:10.1186/gb-2007-8-9-r196. PMID 17877792. PMC 2375034. http://genomebiology.com/1465-6906/8/R196.  
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Simple English

Viridiplantae
File:Taiwan 2009 East Coast ShihTiPing Giant Stone Steps Algae FRD
Green algae on coastal rocks in Taiwan
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked) Archaeplastida
Phylum: Viridiplantae

Viridiplantae ('green plants') are the clade which includes the green algae and land plants.[1][2][3][4][5]

In some classification systems they have been called Plantae, by expanding the traditional Plant Kingdom to include the green algae.

Adl et al., who produced a classification for all eukaryotes in 2005, introduced the name Chloroplastida for this group, reflecting the group having primary chloroplasts with green chlorophyll. They rejected the name Viridiplantae on the grounds that most of the species are not plants, as understood traditionally.[6]

The monophyletic Chlorophyta and Charophyceae are classified under Viridiplantae. So, a simple arrangement is:

'Green algae' is not used here because they are definitely not monophyletic. It is just a convenience term.

There are more than 350,000 species of Viridiplantae.[7][8][9]

References

  1. Duvick J, Fu A, Muppirala U, et al (January 2008). "PlantGDB: a resource for comparative plant genomics". Nucleic Acids Res. 36 (Database issue): D959–65. doi:10.1093/nar/gkm1041. PMID 18063570. PMC 2238959. http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18063570. 
  2. "www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=33090. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  3. Cocquyt E, Verbruggen H, Leliaert F, Zechman FW, Sabbe K, De Clerck O (2009). "Gain and loss of elongation factor genes in green algae". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 39. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-39. PMID 19216746. PMC 2652445. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/39. 
  4. Becker B (2007). "Function and evolution of the vacuolar compartment in green algae and land plants (Viridiplantae)". Int. Rev. Cytol. 264: 1–24. doi:10.1016/S0074-7696(07)64001-7. PMID 17964920. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0074-7696(07)64001-7. 
  5. Kim E, Graham LE (2008). "EEF2 analysis challenges the monophyly of Archaeplastida and Chromalveolata". PLoS ONE 3 (7): e2621. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002621. PMID 18612431. PMC 2440802. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002621. 
  6. Adl, Sina M.; et al. (2005), "The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists", Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 (5): 399, doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x, http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x 
  7. Smith SA, Beaulieu JM, Donoghue MJ (2009). "Mega-phylogeny approach for comparative biology: an alternative to supertree and supermatrix approaches". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 37. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-37. PMID 19210768. PMC 2645364. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/37. 
  8. Odronitz F, Kollmar M (2007). "Drawing the tree of eukaryotic life based on the analysis of 2,269 manually annotated myosins from 328 species". Genome Biol. 8 (9): R196. doi:10.1186/gb-2007-8-9-r196. PMID 17877792. PMC 2375034. http://genomebiology.com/1465-6906/8/R196. 
  9. Simon A, Glöckner G, Felder M, Melkonian M, Becker B (2006). "EST analysis of the scaly green flagellate Mesostigma viride (Streptophyta): implications for the evolution of green plants (Viridiplantae)". BMC Plant Biol. 6: 2. doi:10.1186/1471-2229-6-2. PMID 16476162. PMC 1413533. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/6/2. 

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