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Vitex negundo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Vitex
Species: V. negundo
Binomial name
Vitex negundo
L.[1]

Vitex negundo (Five-leaved chaste tree, Hindi: Nirgundi,Sanskrit:Sindhuvara सिन्धुवार) is a large, aromatic shrub with quadrangualar, densely whitish, tomentose branchlets.

Medicinal uses

The leaves of V. negundo possess discutient properties and are applied to rheumatic swellings of the joints and in sprains. They may be applied locally to swellings from rheumatic arthritis and sprains.

In vitro flowering in Vitex

The juice of the leaves is used for the treatment of fetid discharges. The principal constituents the leaf juice are casticin, isoorientin, chrysophenol D, luteolin, p–hydroxybenzoic acid and D-fructose. The plant has anti-inflammatory,[2] antibacterial,[3] antifungal[4][5] and analgesic[2][6][7] activities. These properties are useful in the treatment of superficial bruises, injuries, sores and skin infections.

The essential oil of V. negundo has been used to reduce inflammation and swelling of joints due to rheumatism and injuries. The main constituents of the oil are sabinene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, β-caryophyllene, α-guaiene and globulol constituting 61.8% of the oil.

References

  1. ^ "Vitex negundo information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?41831. Retrieved 2008-03-13.  
  2. ^ a b Dharmasiri MG, Jayakody JR, Galhena G, Liyanage SS, Ratnasooriya WD (August 2003). "Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of mature fresh leaves of Vitex negundo". J Ethnopharmacol 87 (2-3): 199–206. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00159-4. PMID 12860308. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378874103001594.  
  3. ^ Perumal Samy R, Ignacimuthu S, Sen A (September 1998). "Screening of 34 Indian medicinal plants for antibacterial properties". J Ethnopharmacol 62 (2): 173–82. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00057-9. PMID 9741889. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-8741(98)00057-9.  
  4. ^ Sathiamoorthy B, Gupta P, Kumar M, Chaturvedi AK, Shukla PK, Maurya R (January 2007). "New antifungal flavonoid glycoside from Vitex negundo". Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 17 (1): 239–42. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.09.051. PMID 17027268.  
  5. ^ Damayanti M, Susheela K, Sharma GJ (1996). "Effect of plant extracts and systemic fungicide on the pineapple fruit-rotting fungus, Ceratocystis paradoxa". Cytobios 86 (346): 155–65. PMID 9022263.  
  6. ^ Gupta RK, Tandon VR (April 2005). "Antinociceptive activity of Vitex-negundo Linn leaf extract". Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 49 (2): 163–70. PMID 16170984.  
  7. ^ Gupta M, Mazumder UK, Bhawal SR (February 1999). "CNS activity of Vitex negundo Linn. in mice". Indian J. Exp. Biol. 37 (2): 143–6. PMID 10641133.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Verbenaceae
Genus: Vitex
Species: Vitex negundo
Varieties: V. negundo var. cannabifolia - V. negundo var. incisa

Name

Vitex negundo L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:638. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

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