Viviane Reding: Wikis

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Viviane Reding


Incumbent
Assumed office 
9 February 2010
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Jacques Barrot (Justice, Freedom and Security)

In office
22 November 2004 – 9 February 2010
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Ján Figeľ
Olli Rehn (Enterprise and Information Society)
Succeeded by Neelie Kroes (Digital Agenda)

In office
13 September 1999 – 21 November 2004
Serving with Dalia Grybauskaitė
President Romano Prodi
Preceded by Marcelino Oreja (Culture)
Succeeded by Ján Figeľ (Education, Training, Culture and Multilingualism)

Born 27 April 1951 (1951-04-27) (age 58)
Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
Political party Christian Social People's Party
Alma mater University of Paris
Profession Journalist

Viviane Reding (born 27 April 1951 in Esch-sur-Alzette) is a Luxembourg politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship. Before starting a professional career as a journalist for the leading newspaper in Luxembourg, the Luxemburger Wort, she obtained a doctorate in human sciences at the Sorbonne. From 1986 to 1998, she was President of the Luxembourg Union of Journalists. On November 27, 2009, she was upgraded in the "Barroso II Commission" to Vice-President responsible for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship, and is affiliated with the European People's Party (EPP).[1][2]

She is married and has three children.

Contents

Political career

She started her political career in 1979, as a Member of the Luxembourg Parliament and held the following positions:

She then became leader of Luxembourg’s EPP delegation in the European Parliament from 1989 to 1999 and she was a Member of the group's office.

Within the European Parliament, she has held positions as President of the Petitions Committee for about 3 years, and Vice-President of the Social Committee and the Civil Liberties and Internal Affairs Committee for about 2 years each.

From 1981 to 1999, she was Communal conciliator of the city of Esch, in which she was President of the Cultural Affairs Committee from 1992 to 1999.

From 1988 to 1993, she was national president of the Christian-Social Women and from 1995 to 1999 Vice-president of the Christian Social People's Party.

From 1999 to 2004, she was appointed Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth, Media and Sport and in 2004 her responsibility changed to Information Society and Media. She is currently looking into the regulation on prices of roaming within the EU.

She has earned the following prizes and distinctions:

Commissioner

While serving in the European Commission under President Barroso, Viviane Reding found a relatively popular policy in seeking to lower roaming charges of mobile phones when travelling within the European Union, stating: "For years, mobile roaming charges have remained unjustifiably high. We are therefore tackling one of the last borders within Europe's internal market".[3] Her legislation to cap roaming charges was approved by the Parliament in April 2007[4]

On 7 April 2006 the Commission launched the new ".eu" TLD for websites for EU companies and citizens wishing to have a non-national European internet address. This has proved popular with 2.5 being registered by April 2007. It is now the seventh most popular TLD worldwide, and third in Europe (after .de and .uk) [5]

Reding has also proposed that major European telecom companies be forced to separate their network and service operations to promote competition in the market. The companies, including France Telecom and Deutsche Telekom, would still own their networks but the separate management structure would be obliged to treat other operators on an equal basis in offering access to the network. This is opposed to separate ideas to force a full break up of such companies.[6]

In 2008, the EU Parliament voted to pass the "Telecoms Package" which would render the entire markets of the region into one market, making it easier to sell internet and phone services in EU, with the goal of making the telecom prices cheaper for customers in EU. Among the many amendments to the proposal, amendment 138 was voted in favor of with 574 votes for, and 73 against. This particular amendment would require any termination of internet subscription to be heard in front of a judge. Viviane Reding said afterward that she hoped she could force the removal of the amendment, thus to some observers overruling the democratic process of the 647 cast votes.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ "Barroso gets new EU Commission team", BBC News, 25 November 2009; accessed November 28, 2009
  2. ^ "Barroso II: 13 EPP Commissioners receive key portfolios", European People's Party, 27 November 2009; accessed November 28, 2009
  3. ^ Roaming Charges Portal European Commission
  4. ^ European parliament backs roaming price cuts Computer Business Review Online
  5. ^ .eu Domain Names Top 2.5M in Year One Huffington Post
  6. ^ EU Commissioner favours telecoms break-up Financial Times
  7. ^ EU Parliament: Only judges can order 'Net disconnections

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Jacques Santer
Luxembourgian European Commissioner
1999–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Marcelino Oreja
as European Commissioner for Culture
European Commissioner for Education and Culture
1999–2004
Served alongside: Dalia Grybauskaitė
Succeeded by
Ján Figeľ
as European Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Multilingualism
Preceded by
Ján Figeľ
Olli Rehn

as European Commissioner for Enterprise and Information Society
European Commissioner for Information Society and Media
2004–2010
Succeeded by
Neelie Kroes
as European Commissioner for Digital Agenda
Preceded by
Jacques Barrot
as European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security
European Commissioner for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship
2010–present
Incumbent
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