Vlad III the Impaler: Wikis

  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vlad III Dracula
Prince of Wallachia
Vlad Tepes 002.jpg
The most famous portrait, though posthumous, of Vlad III Dracula[1][2]
Reign 1448; 1456–1462; 1476
Born November or December 1431[3]
Birthplace Schäßburg, Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary
Died December 1476 (aged 45)
Place of death Bucharest, Wallachia
Wives 1. unnamed Transylvanian noblewoman
2. Ilona Szilágyi
Offspring 1st marriage:
Mihnea cel Rău
2nd marriage:
Vlad Dracula IV and another son whose name remains unknown
Royal House House of Drăculeşti (branch of the House of Basarab)
Father Vlad II Dracul
Mother Princess Cneajna of Moldavia
.Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia (c.^ To protect their political power in the region, the Ottomans invaded Wallachia and the Sultan put Vlad III on the throne as his puppet ruler.

^ One famous ruler in this period was Vlad III the Impaler (also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad Tepes), Prince of Wallachia in 1448, 1456–62, and 1476.
  • Bucharest International Wine Contest | About Romania 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.vinromania.ro [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad III or Draucla ruled as Prince of Wallachia on three occasions.
  • Visit Draculas Castle in Transylvania 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.43things.com [Source type: General]

1431 – December 1476), more commonly known as the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Ţepeş pronounced [ˈvlad ˈt͡sepeʃ]) or Dracula, was a three-time voivode of Wallachia, ruling mainly from 1456 to 1462.
.Historically, Vlad is best known for his resistance against the Ottoman Empire and its expansion[4] and for the cruel punishments he imposed on his enemies.^ Vlad III the Impaler (circa 1431–1476) was best known for his independent policy towards the Ottoman Empire, the expansionism of which he resisted, and for the exceedingly cruel punishment he imposed.
  • Real-life Dracula 'Vlad' Getting a Movie | CinemaSpy 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.cinemaspy.com [Source type: General]

^ He is noted for 2 things—his hatred and resistance to the Ottomans and his cruel punishments.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad III is best known for inspiring the name of the vampire in Ottoman Empire and a defender of Wallachia against Ottoman expansionism.
  • Most Infamous Vampires of All Time Pg. 3 - True Blood 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC truebloodwiki.hbo.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.In the English-speaking world, Vlad III is perhaps most commonly known for inspiring the name of the vampire in Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula.^ Vlad III Tepes became popular after Irish writer Bram Stoker published his novel Dracula.
  • Dracula’s Cellar Found « Dr. Donald Ryles-Paranormal,Mind,Body,Celebrity,Strange, & More-NEWS BLOG 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC parabook.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad the Impaler was immortalized with Bram Stoker's book Dracula.
  • Vlad the Impaler (Dracula) Vlad Tepes 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.medievality.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dracula was Prince Vlad III Dracula, also known as Vlad Tepes, meaning "Vlad the Impaler."
  • Dracula history | Nicolae Sfetcu 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.sfetcu.com [Source type: General]

[6]

Contents

Names

.His Romanian surname Dracula (also spelled "Draculea", "Drakulya,"drackuliea"), which Vlad was referred to in several documents, means "Son of the dragon" and points to his father, Vlad Dracul, who received that moniker from his subjects because he had joined the Order of the Dragon.^ His father was called Dracul because he had a Dragon depicted on his coat of arms.
  • Demitri Maximoff - Darkstalkopedia, a wiki about Darkstalkers - a Wikia Gaming wiki 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC darkstalkers.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name "Dracul" which means dragon or devil, was taken on by his father, when he joined the order, the same year prince Vlad was born.
  • legend 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So Dracula means son of the Order of the Dragon.
  • Dracula 2007 Summer Tour Reports 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dractour.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Tango Diva - Travel Stories - Culture - Romania: Transylvanian Dreams and Dracula Nightmares 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.tangodiva.com [Source type: General]

Dracul, derived from the Latin word Draco meant "dragon", derived from the Greek word Δράκων (Dracon), though in modern Romanian it means "devil".
.His post-mortem moniker of "Ţepeş" ("Impaler") originated in his killing opponents by impalement, a practice popularized by medieval Transylvanian pamphlets.^ "Impaler") originated in his preferred method for executing his opponents, impalement—as popularized by medieval Transylvanian pamphlets.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ His nickname as "the Impaler" originated from his preferred method for executing his opponents, impalement.
  • Halloween Hall of Fame � 2007 nominees make Halloween history 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.halloweenhalloffame.org [Source type: General]

^ His post-mortem moniker of Ţepeş (Impaler) originated in his preferred method for executing his opponents, impalement — as popularized by medieval Transylvanian pamphlets.

In Turkish, he was known as "Kazıklı Voyvoda" (pronounced [kɑzɯkˈɫɯ]) which means "Impaler Prince".

Early life

.Vlad was born in Sighişoara, Transylvania in the winter of 1431 to Vlad II Dracul, future voivode of Wallachia, and his wife, Princess Cneajna of Moldavia, daughter of Alexandru cel Bun.^ At the time his father, Vlad II (Vlad Dracul), was living in exile in Transylvania.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculagoldentrophy.ro [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.dds-winner.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]

^ Vlad III was born in 1431 in Transylvania to Prince Vlad II of Wallachia (1436-1442 and 1443-1447) and Princess Cneajna of the Musation dynasty of neighboring Moldavia.
  • Vlad the Impaler 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC econc10.bu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Princess of Transylvania CNEAJNA was born in 1390.
  • Sam Sloan's Big Combined Family Trees - pafg806 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anusha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He had two older half-brothers, Mircea II and Vlad Călugărul, from his father's first marriage, and a younger brother, Radu cel Frumos.^ Vlad II had at least two other sons, Mircea, Dracula's elder brother, and Radu the Handsome, Dracula's younger brother.
  • A Historical Tale about Varna Battle 1443-1444 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad's first act of vengeance was aimed at the boyars of Tirgoviste for the killing of his father and older brother Mircea.
  • Articles & News: A Short Biography on Some of Europes Most Loved and Hated Monarchs - Pt 1 Vlad Tepes (Dracula) - Humanities 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC articles.pointshop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Radu cel Frumos .

.In the year of his birth Vlad's father, known under the nickname the Dragon (Romanian: Dracul) had traveled to Nuremberg, today located in Germany, where he had been vested into the Order of the Dragon.^ At the age of five, young "Vlad" was also initiated into the Order of the Dragon.

^ Dracul is the Romanian word for dragon and refers to a Chivalrous order to which Vlad II belonged.
  • Dracula (thing)@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Dracula's father Vlad is inducted into the Order of the Dragon which is a Catholic order of knights.
  • Monstaah Timeline 1428-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC monstaah.org [Source type: Original source]

.At the age of five, young Vlad was also initiated into the Order.^ At the age of five, young "Vlad" was also initiated into the Order of the Dragon.

^ At a fragile age, Vlad was also introduced to the Order.
  • Dracula’s Cellar Found | Astigan.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.astigan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dracula’s Cellar Found « Dr. Donald Ryles-Paranormal,Mind,Body,Celebrity,Strange, & More-NEWS BLOG 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC parabook.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ At the tender age of five, young "Vlad" was also initiated into the Order of the Dragon.

[7]
.Like his father, who was the son of the Wallachian voivode Mircea the Elder, in the early years of childhood, the future ruling prince Vlad the Impaler got a distinguished education, and mastered German and Latin.^ Who was prince vlad dracula?
  • WikiAnswers - Why did vlad dracula drink blood 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad, Vlad the Devil’s second son, and the future king Vlad the Impaler; .

^ His father was the son of Mircea cel Batrin (Mircea the Elder).
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

.During the first reign of Vlad II, Vlad the Impaler accompanied his father to Targoviste - capital of Wallachia at that time.^ At the time his father, Vlad II (Vlad Dracul), was living in exile in Transylvania.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculagoldentrophy.ro [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.dds-winner.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]

^ Vlad II didn’t have an easy reign.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

^ The year 1448 is the year of Vlad the Impaler`s first reign.

.The Byzantine chancellor Mikhail Doukas showed that, at Targoviste, the sons of boyars and ruling princes got a distinguished education from either Romanian or Greek scholars, coming from Constantinople.^ After 1716, government was no longer in the hands of native princes but was controlled instead by Phanariotes ( i.e., Greeks originating in the Phanar district of Constantinople).
  • Bucharest (Romania) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dracul (Dan Badarau) is a prince of Romanian decent who has been allowed to occupy the Romanian throne, but he has grown tired of Turkish rule and resists paying the tribute.
  • Vlad the impaler (Dark prince: The true story of Dracula) - CIA 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC thecia.com.au [Source type: General]

^ The decisive battle was fought near Tirgoviste, and as a result Vlad was killed and Mircea captured by the Romanian boyars (the ruling elite) and tortured and killed.
  • http://www.dreamsmith-graphics.com/wizglass/vlad.html 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.dreamsmith-graphics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The young prince learned for sure; combat skills, geography, mathematics, science, language; Romanian, Latin, Bulgarian (church Slavic) and the classical arts and philosophy.^ Renaissance affects philosophy , science and art .
  • 15th century - Familypedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Sentenio 15 - Vici de LFN 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lfn.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His father had several attempts at ‘ reigning.’ Vlad III was given a good education in German, Latin, Slavic geography, mathematics, science, classical arts and philosophy etc from Rumanian and Greek scholars.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The language of the Vlach to this day is of a Latin root, and scholars from outside of the country have little difficulty learning the tongue provided they are well-versed in Latin before their arrival.
  • Suceava, Court of Moldavia - Paradox Interactive Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Life in Edirne

.In 1436, Dracul ascended the throne of Wallachia.^ Vlad’s father, Vlad Dracul, ruled Wallachia from 1436 to 1442, was unseated by his countrymen and regained the throne from 1443 to 1446.
  • who was the real count dracula? | tech fever 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC technologix.blog.co.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After assassinating Prince Vladislav II of Wallachia (assassination was a common and accepted way of gaining the crown) in 1456, Vlad ascended to the throne .
  • The Atrocities of Vlad III of Wallachia@Everything2.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father, Vlad II Dracul (1436-1442;1443-1447) and Dracula himself, both murdered their rivals of the Danesti clan upon decedent to the throne.

.He was ousted in 1442 by rival factions in league with Hungary, but secured Ottoman support for his return agreeing to pay tribute to the Sultan and also send his two younger sons, Vlad and Radu the Handsome, to the Ottoman court, to serve as hostages of his loyalty.^ Those items were his two younger sons, including Vlad III. .
  • Haunted Hamilton : Ghosts of the World : Vlad III Dracula (Vlad Tepes) by Daniel Cumerlato 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedhamilton.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To regain his dukedom Vlad secured the backing of the Ottoman sultan, at the cost of agreeing to pay a tribute of money and young boys.
  • Who Was The Real Dracula? | Bukisa.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.bukisa.com [Source type: General]

^ The younger son, Radu, was received favourably and lived in the Sultan’s court.
  • Who Was The Real Dracula? | Bukisa.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.bukisa.com [Source type: General]

.Vlad was locked up in prison and often whipped and beaten because of his verbal abuse towards his captors and his stubborn behavior, while his younger brother Radu the Handsome was much easier to control.^ He was often whipped by his Turkish captors for being stubborn and rude.
  • Vlad Dracula - Vlad the Impaler - Dracula Info 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculas.info [Source type: General]

^ He had an older brother Mircea and a younger brother Radu, the Handsome.

^ Dracula's younger brother Radu the Handsome is born .
  • Monstaah Timeline 1428-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC monstaah.org [Source type: Original source]

.Radu converted to Islam, entered the service of Sultan Murad II's son, Mehmed II (later known as the Conqueror), and was allowed into the Ottoman royal court.^ The Ottoman Empire was ruled by Sultan Murad II and Sultan Mehmed II, respectively, in Draculas time.
  • Vlad the Impaler 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC econc10.bu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mehmed II , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Conqueror of Constantinople ( 1432 – 1481 ).
  • 15th century - Familypedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad II appealed to the Ottoman sultan, Murad II, for help.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

.These years had a great influence on Vlad's character and led to Vlad's well-known hatred for the Ottoman Turks, the Janissary, his brother Radu the Handsome for becoming an Ottoman, and the young Ottoman prince Mehmed II (even after he became sultan).^ As a boy he was a captive of Sultan Mehmed II along with his brother.
  • Vlad Dracul realy exists!!! - Literature Network Forums 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad II appealed to the Ottoman sultan, Murad II, for help.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

^ But Mehmed II found a very good way to get rid of Vlad: his brother Radu the Handsome.

.According to McNally and Florescu, he was jealous of his fathers preference for his elder half-brothers Mircea II and Vlad Călugărul, he also distrusted his own father for trading him to the Turks and betraying the Order of the Dragon's oath to fight them.^ Vlad IIIs father (Vlad II) was admitted to the Order around 1431 because of his bravery in fighting the Turks.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His brothers were Mircea, Radu, and Vlad the Monk in order by age.
  • Vlad the Impaler 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC econc10.bu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was in Turkey where Vlad first witnessed the act of impalement[9] (the Ottomans often beheaded traitors and deserters).^ Vlad Tepes, the ruler of Carpatia is a historical figure who is very well known in Turkey for his murders against the Ottoman Turks.
  • YouTube - VAMPIRES/WHERE IS DRACULA'S HEAD BURIED? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.youtube.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Easter Sunday of 1459, Vlad committed his first major act of revenge by arresting the Boyer families whom he held responsible for the death of his father and brother.
  • History to consider 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vlad was later released, corrected and taken to be educated in logic, the Quran and the Turkish and Persian language and literature.^ He was released almost a year later, having to make further promises of five hundred young boys for the Turkish army in addition to the annual cash tribute.

^ Vlad’s head was allegedly taken back to Constantinople to be displayed before his Turkish enemies and his headless remains were later buried near a monastery in Snagov.
  • The CastleVania Timeline (Page One of Two) 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad is released from the Turkish compound after learning his father and older brother (Mircea) had been assassinated by Vladislav II a year earlier.
  • Kemic-Al - The Dark Journal (Butterfly Records 2006) CD 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC forum.isratrance.com [Source type: General]

.He would speak these languages fluently in his later years [10].^ But Gates would have the last laugh when a U.S. Court of Appeals overruled Jackson's judgment against Microsoft three years later (see item #9).
  • 10 Potential Second Careers for Bill Gates - PC World 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

^ They would also provide a haven for life for a much longer time - roughly double the 10-billion-year lifetime of a sun-like star.

^ It would take you over 10 years before you start declaring any profit.
  • Dracula's Bran Castle in Transylvania For Sale 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.albertastars.com [Source type: General]

He and his brother were also trained in warfare and riding horses. .The boys' father, Vlad Dracul, was released quickly, in 1443, and with the support of the Ottomans he returned to Wallachia and took back his throne from Basarab II.^ At the time his father, Vlad II (Vlad Dracul), was living in exile in Transylvania.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculagoldentrophy.ro [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.dds-winner.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]

^ My Father was Prince Vlad II of Wallachia, Knight in the order of the dragon, Vlad Dracul.
  • Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.kcrenfest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad II Dracul finally became prince of Wallachia in 1436.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bust of Vlad the Impaler near the birthplace plate

First reign and exile

.In December 1447, boyars in league with the Hungarian regent John Hunyadi rebelled against Vlad Dracul and killed him in the marshes near Bălteni.^ Vlad's father was assassinated in the marshes near B?lteni in December 1447 by rebellious boyars allegedly under the orders of Hungarian regent John Hunyadi.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Easter, Vlad kills the Boyars.
  • Vlad Tepes: A Summarised History | Bloodlust-UK.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC bloodlust-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad's father was assassinated in the marshes near Balteni in December of 1447 by rebellious boyars allegedly under the orders of John Hunyadi.

.Mircea, Dracul's eldest son and heir, was blinded with hot iron stakes and buried alive at Târgovişte.^ Dracul (beheaded) and his son Mircea (buried alive) get assassinated for complicity with the Turks.
  • Vlad Tepes: A Summarised History | Bloodlust-UK.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC bloodlust-uk.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad's older brother Mircea was also dead at this point, blinded with hot iron stakes and buried alive by his political enemies at Târgoviste.

^ Then they buried his son alive.
  • Son of the Dragon 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.drwhoguide.com [Source type: Original source]

.To prevent Wallachia from falling into the Hungarian fold, the Ottomans invaded Wallachia and put young Vlad III on the throne.^ To protect their political power in the region, the Ottomans invaded Wallachia and the Sultan put Vlad III on the throne as his puppet ruler.

^ November: Vlad resumes throne of Wallachia.
  • Filmografia vampirica, Dracula dalla storia al cinema, Vampiria 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.cinemedioevo.net [Source type: General]

^ Vlad Dracula conquers Wallachia's Throne.

.However, this rule was short-lived as Hunyadi himself now invaded Wallachia and restored his ally Vladislav II, of the Danesti clan, to the throne.^ Dracula avenges himself on Vladislav II (now an ally of the Turks.
  • Monstaah Timeline 1428-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC monstaah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hunyadi placed his own candidate, a member of the Danesti clan, on the throne of Wallachia.
  • Vampires Vlad Tepes, The Life of Vlad III Dracula (1431-1476) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • bsaron1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Hunyadi placed a Danesti, Basarab II, on the Wallachian throne.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • bsaron1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad fled to Moldavia, where he lived under the protection of his uncle, Bogdan II.^ Cnejna, sis of Bogdan II of Moldavia .
  • http://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/dracula.wps.htm 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad ran from his power and escaped to Moldavia and to his influential uncle for protection.
  • Haunted Hamilton : Ghosts of the World : Vlad III Dracula (Vlad Tepes) by Daniel Cumerlato 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedhamilton.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad fled to Moldavia until October 1451 and was put under the protection of his uncle, Bogdan II. .
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.In October 1451, Bogdan was assassinated and Vlad fled to Hungary.^ He stood there until October of 1451, when Bogdan was assassinated.
  • Vlad Dracula - Vlad the Impaler - Dracula Info 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculas.info [Source type: General]

^ Bogdan was assassinated by Petru Aron, and Vlad, taking a gamble, fled to Hungary.

^ Bogdan was assassinated in 1451 by Petru Aron, and Vlad, taking a gamble, fled to Hungary.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi reconciled with his former rival and made him his advisor.^ Mehmed II , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Conqueror of Constantinople ( 1432 – 1481 ).
  • 15th century - Familypedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset, military and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.

^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.In 1453, the Ottomans, under Sultan Mehmed II took Constantinople after a prolonged siege, putting an end to the final major Christian presence in the eastern Mediterranean, after which Ottoman influence began to spread from this base through the Carpathians, threatening mainland Europe.^ Ottoman influence began to spread from this base through the Carpathians, and began to threaten mainland Europe.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1453, the Ottomans, under Mehmed II, took Constantinople after a prolonged siege, thus putting an end to the final major Christian presence in the eastern Mediterranean.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Mehmed II , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Conqueror of Constantinople ( 1432 – 1481 ).
  • 15th century - Familypedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1456, three years after the Ottomans had conquered Constantinople, they threatened Hungary by besieging Belgrade.^ That year, he escaped Ottoman capture only to be intercepted by Hungarian forces and imprisoned by Matthias I of Hungary.
  • Vlad III (ruler of Walachia) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He ruled Wallachia briefly as an Ottoman puppet in 1448 AD, was ousted by Hungary, and then returned to power in his own right from 1456 to 1462.
  • Draco Concordans: Index (R-Z) 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC eblong.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He was a Franciscan friar and inquisitor sent by the Pope, which accompanied governor John Huniad in his campaign against the Ottoman Turks in Belgrade, where they scored a decisive victory.
  • Huniad castle - InfoHub 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: News]

.Hunyadi began a concerted counter-attack in Serbia: while he himself moved into Serbia and relieved the siege (before dying of the plague), Vlad led his own contingent into Wallachia, reconquered his native land and killed Vladislav II in hand to hand combat.^ Hunyadi was killed, but Dracula killed Vladislav II and took back his throne.

^ His full name was Vlad III Draculea (which is transliterated into Dracula), son of Vlad II Draculea, born in Transylvania in 1431, and dying in 1476.
  • The Real Dracula: A Monster of his Time 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, Mircea was killed early in life, so he'd be the right age for my character (as opposed to Vlad or Radu, the youngest brother, who both died in middle age).
  • Midnight's Daughter by Karen Chance | Penguin Blog (USA) - Penguin Group (USA) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC us.penguingroup.com [Source type: General]

Second reign

Internal policy

.Vlad found Wallachia in a wretched state: constant war had resulted in rampant crime, falling agricultural production, and the virtual disappearance of trade.^ Another serious threat to Vlad’s power was the anarchical situation (a constant state of war had led to rampant crime, falling agricultural production and virtual disappearance of trade) in which Wallachia was brought since the death of his grandfather Mircea the Elder (1418).

^ A constant state of war had led to rampant crime, falling agricultural production, and the virtual disappearance of trade.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad Draculea, prince of 15th-century Wallachia, a state or "polity" of Romania,gave Bram Stoker the idea for his creation .
  • Yo, sucker: Cult Dracula - Features, Films - The Independent 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Regarding a stable economy essential to resisting external enemies, he used severe methods to restore order and prosperity.^ Vlad used severe methods to restore some order, as he needed an economically stable country if he was to have any chance against his external enemies.

^ A western vampire (which is not alive in the classical sense, and therefore referred to as undead ) can be destroyed using several methods, which vary among "species" and between mythologies: .
  • Vampires in history and culture 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC dana.ucc.nau.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He had destroyed over 100 enemy aircraft by himself using this method and no one thought it sound to disturb Mayne.
  • 10 Historic Badasses (Ass-Kicking Edition) — ty.rannosaur.us 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC ty.rannosaur.us [Source type: General]

.Vlad had three aims for Wallachia: to strengthen the country's economy, its defense and his own political power.^ P rince Vlad Dracula III falls on the battlefield during December in the defense of his homeland of Wallachia, decapitated in a marsh near Snagov by a Turkish assassin disguised as one of his own men.
  • The CastleVania Timeline (Page One of Two) 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Born in 1431, Vlad would go on to rule Wallachia (now a province of Romania) three distinct times over the course of his life .
  • The Atrocities of Vlad III of Wallachia@Everything2.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He ruled Wallachia briefly as an Ottoman puppet in 1448 AD, was ousted by Hungary, and then returned to power in his own right from 1456 to 1462.
  • Draco Concordans: Index (R-Z) 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC eblong.com [Source type: Academic]

.He took measures to help the peasants' wellbeing by building new villages and raising agricultural output.^ The Village Museum, in Herastrau Park, contains 272 authentic buildings and peasant farms from all over Romania.
  • Bucharest International Wine Contest | About Bucharest 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.vinromania.ro [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Legend has it that when the Turks attacked and took over the Poenari Castle in 1462, it was the villagers of Arefu who helped Vlad escape.

^ With the help of witches, Bathory captured the young peasant girls, and took them back to her castle where they were hung upside down.
  • Archives | Critic 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.critic.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

He understood the importance of trade for the development of Wallachia. .He helped the Wallachian merchants by limiting foreign merchant trade to three market towns: Targusor, Campulung and Targoviste.^ Saxon colonists, who settled here in 1206, helped develop the town into a flourishing medieval trading post.

^ Those merchants he thought that had ignored his trade laws would often find their towns raided; and, in some cases, burned to the ground.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

^ The Catholics were also favoured by Alexandru, and in 1417 a new Roman Catholic bishop was ordained at Baia, with authority mainly over Hungarian and German merchants in that market town.
  • Suceava, Court of Moldavia - Paradox Interactive Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad considered the boyars the chief cause of the constant strife as well as of the death of his father and brother.^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.

^ The moment when Vlad revenged the death of his brother and father became famous.

^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

.To secure his rule, he had many leading nobles killed and gave positions in his council, traditionally belonging to the greatest boyars, to persons of obscure origins, who would be loyal to him alone, and some to foreigners.^ Since somebody needed to replace them, he ingeniously gave peasants their position, thus making them grateful and loyal to him.
  • The Real Dracula: A Monster of his Time 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During his tenure, he killed by the droves, impaling on a forest of spikes around his castle thousands of subjects who he saw as either traitors, would-be traitors or enemies to the security of Romania and the Roman Catholic Church.

^ In the place of the executed boyars Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and the middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For lower offices, Vlad preferred knights and free peasants to boyars.^ For the less important functions, Vlad also ignored the old boyars, preferring to knight and appoint men from the free peasantry.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ In the place of the executed boyars Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and the middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In the place of the executed boyars Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.draculagoldentrophy.ro [Source type: Original source]
  • Targu Mures Dog Shows 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.dds-winner.com [Source type: Original source]

.In his aim of cleaning up Wallachia Vlad gave new laws punishing thieves and robbers.^ Vlad Draculea, prince of 15th-century Wallachia, a state or "polity" of Romania,gave Bram Stoker the idea for his creation .
  • Yo, sucker: Cult Dracula - Features, Films - The Independent 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Vlad Draculea , prince of 15th-century Wallachia, a state or "polity" of Romania ,gave Bram Stoker the idea for his creation .
  • Yo, sucker: Cult Dracula - Film & Cinema, Entertainment - Independent.ie 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: News]

^ Entitled Vlad , the new project will be based on Vlad the Impaler aka Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia, the ...
  • Summit Entertainment and Brad Pitt Staking 'Vlad' - Action 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC movieblips.dailyradar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vlad treated the boyars with the same harshness, because they were guilty of weakening Wallachia through their internal struggles for power.^ That’s because they’re the same.
  • Infinite Summer: Dracula » Blog Archive » Elizabeth Miller: Welcome To Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC infinitesummer.org [Source type: General]

^ As there were no clear rules of succession in Wallachia (the council o "boyars" had the power to select as voivode any son of a ruling prince), Mircea's death led to conflict between his illegitimate son Vlad (Vlad the Impaler's father) and Dan, the son of one of Mircea's brothers.
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Meanwhile in Wallachia Vlad II and his son Mircea turned against the turks once more, until they were tortured and assassined in 1447.
  • BloodySugar Blog » BloodySugar 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blog.bloodysugar.com [Source type: General]

The army was also strengthened. .He had a small personal guard, mostly made of mercenaries, who were rewarded by loot.^ The future impaler practically made a hobby out of killing, bribing his guards to bring him birds and other smaller animals to "stake" on small sticks.
  • Midnight Zines Cafe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: General]
  • Mummy's Zine Cafe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.horrorseek.com [Source type: General]

^ He is in fact, a psychotic homeless bum who wanders about the small Californian town of Modesto in a disguise he made out of dead cows.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The person who Count Draculs was based on was a Prince named Vlad III.  Vlad III was born in Sighisoara in 1431.  In the 15th  century, Romania was made up of a number of small states, each with an independent ruler.

Another reward for soldiers was promotion. .Adding to his guard he formed ‘the lesser army’ made up of peasants called to fight when ever war came.^ A highly original ethnographic collection, the Village Museum (1936), is made up of peasant houses brought from various parts of the country.
  • Bucharest (Romania) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Draculas army is made up of peasants and gypsies because the boyars, the noblemen of Wallachia, wont fight for him.
  • Son of the Dragon 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.drwhoguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One day i made up a song when this ugly old skeletonous figure came and stole all the cheese in the blender.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad Dracula built a church at Targusor (allegedly in the memory of his father and older brother who were killed nearby), and he contributed with money to the Snagov Monastery and to the Comana Monastery fortifications.^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.

^ Dracula's own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • Vlad Dracula - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.transylvania-tours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]

Raids into Transylvania

.Since the Wallachian nobility was linked to the Transylvanian Saxons, Vlad also acted against them by eliminating their trade privileges and raiding their cities.^ It was here, in the city of Brasov where Vlad led raids against the Saxon merchants.
  • Dracula Tour - Halloween in Transylvania with Vlad the Impaler | Halloween tour | Dracula Tour | travel to Transylvania | Count Dracula | Vlad the Impaler | Dracula castle Transylvania | Halloween TransylvaniaRomania | Vlad Tepes | Bran castle | Romania travel 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: General]

^ A key element of the power of the Wallachian nobility was their connections in the Saxon - populated autonomous towns of Transylvania, so Vlad acted against these cities by eliminating their trade privileges in relation with Wallachia and by organizing raids against them.

^ A key element of the power of the Wallachian nobility was their connections in the Saxon-populated autonomous towns of Transylvania, so Vlad acted against these cities by eliminating their trade privileges in relation with Wallachia and by organizing raids against them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.In 1459, he had several Saxon settlers of Kronstadt impaled.^ In 1459, he had several of the German settlers (Saxons) and officials of the Transylvanian city of Kronstadt who were transgressing his authority impaled.
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1459, he had 30,000 of the German settlers (Saxons) and officials of the Transylvanian city of Kronstadt who were transgressing his authority impaled.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Century — Saxon (German) settlers begin to establish several towns in Transylvania.
  • Common Ground 191 - Romania culture, history, art 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.commonground191.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.Vlad was also on guard against the rival Dăneşti clan, and some of his raids into Transylvania may have been aimed at capturing potential challengers.^ Vlad III was also constantly on guard against the adherents of the Danesti clan.

^ Some of his raids into Transylvania may have been efforts to capture would-be princes of the Danesti.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad was also constantly on guard against the adherents of the Danesti clan.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Several members of the clan died at Vlad's hands, including a Dăneşti prince suspected to have taken part in his brother Mircea's murder.^ Several members of the Danesti clan died at Dracula's hands.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Several members of the Danesti clan died at Vlad's hands.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1447 Vlad and Mircea were murdered.
  • The Real Prince Dracula | Vlad Tepes Dracula and Vampire Myth 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.vladtepes.info [Source type: Original source]
  • How did Dracula become the first Vampire?? (was he born or bit or something?)? - Yahoo! Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Vlad Dracula: The Real Prince Dracula | Vampyres Only 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.vampyres.ca [Source type: General]
  • Noahidenews61 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.samliquidation.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad condemned him to death and forced him to read his own eulogy while kneeling before his open grave.^ The captured Danesti prince was forced to read his own funeral oration while kneeling before an open grave before his execution.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Jackson blamed the press for causing Rachel’s untimely death, but even after she preceded him to the grave, Jackson continued to duel for her honor.
  • 10 Historic Badasses (Ass-Kicking Edition) — ty.rannosaur.us 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC ty.rannosaur.us [Source type: General]

^ A woman lied to Vlad about him making her pregnant, so he cut open her vagina (kind of redundant) and excalimed "now the world may see where I have been."
  • Vlad the Impaler | Cracked.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

War with the Ottomans

.Vlad allied himself with Matthias Corvinus, Hunyadi's son who had risen to be King of Hungary.^ Matthias was 15 when he was elected King of Hungary.
  • Image Gallery of Hungarian Coins 997-1526 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.medievalcoinage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Consequently, Vlad was imprisoned by Matthias Corvinus.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He went to the new king of Hungary, Matthias Corvinus, for help.
  • The Real Prince Dracula | Vlad Tepes Dracula and Vampire Myth 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.vladtepes.info [Source type: Original source]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Vlad Dracula: The Real Prince Dracula | Vampyres Only 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.vampyres.ca [Source type: General]
  • Noahidenews61 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.samliquidation.com [Source type: Original source]

.Wallachia controlled her side of the Danube and Sultan Mehmed II wanted to have control over the river, as naval attacks could be launched against his empire all the way from the Holy Roman Empire.^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset, military and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.

^ That term is the title given to Vlad II by a secret order of knights known as the Order of the Dragon, an order that vowed to uphold Christianity and defend Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia and the Holy Roman Empire from the Ottoman Turks.
  • Vampires in Twilight 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.grit.com [Source type: General]
  • Vampires in Twilight 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.grit.com [Source type: General]
  • The Open Book 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.grit.com [Source type: General]

^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On September 26, 1459, Pope Pius II called for a new crusade against the Ottomans and on January 14, 1460, at the Congress of Mantua, the Pope proclaimed the official crusade that was to last for three years.^ One could say that he was stuck between a rock and a hard place, not least by having to participate, in 1443’s Hunyadic Balkan crusades against the Ottomans.
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The papal legate Modrussa reported to Pope Pius II how, in his years of reign before 1462, Dracula had killed 40,000 of his political foes: .
  • In Search of Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a Franciscan friar and inquisitor sent by the Pope, which accompanied governor John Huniad in his campaign against the Ottoman Turks in Belgrade, where they scored a decisive victory.
  • Huniad castle - InfoHub 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: News]

.His plan, however, failed and the only European leader that showed enthusiasm for the crusade was Vlad Ţepeş, whom the Pope held in high regard.^ They failed, however; later in the winter of 1461 to 1462 Vlad crossed south of the Danube and devastated the area between Serbia and the Black Sea.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Easter Sunday of 1459, Vlad committed his first major act of revenge by arresting the Boyer families whom he held responsible for the death of his father and brother.
  • History to consider 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bran Castle, which has only a very tangential connection with the historical Vlad Ţepeş, now exaggerates that connection and promotes itself as "Dracula's Castle".
  • Romanian Folklore & Traditions 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.restromania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later that year, in 1459, Mehmed sent envoys to Ţepeş to urge him to pay the delayed tribute.^ He was released almost a year later, having to make further promises of five hundred young boys for the Turkish army in addition to the annual cash tribute.

^ In 1458, Sultan Mehmed II sent a couple of emissaries to remind the Wallachian that he was three years behind in paying the annual tribute of 10,000 gold ducats; Dracula expected such a visit eventually, as he had already made up his mind to discontinue the payments altogether.
  • VLAD THE IMPALER - Crime Library on truTV.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.trutv.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not content with is, however, he impaled all the envoys but one, whose nose and ears he cut off, and sent him back to his master in that dreadful condition.
  • Electronic Text Archive 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC depts.washington.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad refused to pay the tribute, of 10,000 ducats and 500 young boys, to the Ottomans.^ Vlad refused to pay tribute to Mehmed and refused to give him 500 boys to be trained as Jannissaries.
  • The Whipping Boy | Curious Expeditions 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: General]
  • http://curiousexpeditions.org/?paged=7 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He also defied the Sultan by refusing to pay tribute.
  • History of Jihad Against the Romanians - WikiIslam 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.wikiislam.com [Source type: Original source]
  • History of Jihad against the Romanians (1402-1843) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.historyofjihad.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to one account, Vlad had over 10,000 men impaled as a grisly "fence" near the Danube where he left them to rot.

.To provoke Mehmed, Vlad had the envoys killed, by nailing their turbans to their heads.^ Obligingly, he had their turbans nailed to their heads.
  • The Vampire, Chronicled........ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.pararesearchers.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pastyme With Good Companye - Category: Loons Throughout History 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.doubledeckerbuses.org [Source type: General]

^ He nailed turbans to the heads of Ottoman envoys.
  • Vlad the Impaler...the search for a Rangers cleanup hitter - Baseball 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC fantasy.ballhype.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad the Literalist: When Turkish ambassadors said their custom prevented them from removing their hats in his presence, he had their hats nailed to their heads.
  • Profiles in Carnage: Vlad the Impaler (1431 - 1476) - Neatorama 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Subsequently, the Ottomans attempted to remove him, and the Turks crossed the Danube and started to do their own recruiting, to which Ţepeş reacted by capturing the Turks and impaling them.^ This angered the Turks, who attempted to remove him.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Matthias was actually sheltering him, from his brother, which betrayed him and allied himself with the Ottoman Turks and from Western European powers who disagreed of his gruesome ways.
  • Huniad castle - InfoHub 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: News]

^ The answer is that he was fighting for the survival of his people against the Ottoman Turks who had him surrounded and were in the process of taking over the entire region.
  • Sam Sloan's Big Combined Family Trees - pafg806 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anusha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
.Meanwhile, the Sultan received intelligence reports that revealed Ţepeş's alliance with Hungarian king, Matthias Corvinus.^ One of John Huniads sons was the great Renaissance king of Hungary, Matthias Huniad Corvinus ( 1458-1490 ) also known as the Just for his competence, being one of the greatest of Hungarian kings, also king of Bohemia and holding court at Vienna for the last years of his reign.
  • Huniad castle - InfoHub 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: News]

^ Helped by some peasants, Vlad fled to Transylvania to meet the new king of Hungary, Matthias Corvinus.
  • Vlad Tepes aka Vlad the Impaler (Count Dracula) Famous Serial Killers 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC www.hellhorror.com [Source type: General]

^ The adventurous life led by Dracula put him in contact with the era's most fascinating people, among them "White Knight" Jonas Hunyadi, Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus and the ambitious Sultan Mehmed of Turkey.

.The Sultan knew he could not stop the alliance, so he tried to kidnap Vlad for whatever reason.^ However, Vlad knew that he could not face the Turks in open battle, as he did not have the numbers to defeat the Jihadis in this manner.
  • History of Jihad Against the Romanians - WikiIslam 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.wikiislam.com [Source type: Original source]
  • History of Jihad against the Romanians (1402-1843) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.historyofjihad.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowing this, Vlad stopped paying tribute to the Ottomans in 1459 and around 1460 made a new alliance with Corvinus.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When I asked about misses when trying their "power", they explained that nothing was perfect and their power could only work if the victim was either willing or knew about it.

[14] He sent the Bey of Nicopolis and Hamza Kastrioti, to stage a diplomatic meeting with Vlad at Giurgiu, but with orders to ambush him there; and thereafter, take him to Constantinople: "no matter how: by tricks, under oath, or any other kind of trap".[14]
.Vlad Ţepeş was forewarned about the ambush and planned to set an ambush of his own.^ It stands in Sighişoara where Vlad Ţepeş was born and is about 1:1 scale.
  • Vlad Ţepeş journey log 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dunwich.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With Halloween upon us, I set my sights on Romania to learn more about the lore and legend that is Vlad Dracula.
  • Dracula's Hidden Secrets: Behind the Castle Walls - Tonic 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.tonic.com [Source type: General]

^ As the sun is setting behind the Snow Cap mountains Jonao walks towards Vlad and says, "What are you talking about?"
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hamza Kastrioti brought with him 1,000 cavalry and when passing through a narrow pass north of Giurgiu, Ţepeş launched a surprise-attack.^ The profit this brought forth led to the construction of the line Belarest- Hrrbl , that passes through other cities like Capnclr , Detsgreat Mêson and Lotslava .
  • Roemenie - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the Turks attacked and captured the castle in 1462, Vlad escaped via a secret passageway leading north through the mountains.

^ Often, normal bullets pass through him, causing no harm, whatsoever.
  • Dracula (Transylvania, Lord of the Vampires) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.marvunapp.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Wallachians had the Turks surrounded and fired with their handgunners until the entire expedition-force was killed.^ The answer is that he was fighting for the survival of his people against the Ottoman Turks who had him surrounded and were in the process of taking over the entire region.
  • Sam Sloan's Big Combined Family Trees - pafg806 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anusha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He signed an alliance with Murad II, the Turkish sultan, which allowed him to remain on the Wallachian throne if he agreed to assist the Turks in the looting and killing of his own people.
  • Midnight Zines Cafe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: General]
  • Mummy's Zine Cafe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.horrorseek.com [Source type: General]

^ He remained there until 1448, at which time he was released by the Turks, who supported him as their candidate for the Wallachian throne.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]

The Turk's plans were thwarted and some of them caught and impaled, but the Bey of Nicopolis Hamza Kastrioti escaped and never returned to fight in Wallachia[14]
.In the winter of 1461/1462 Vlad crossed the Danube and devastated the area between Serbia and the Black Sea.^ They failed, however; later in the winter of 1461 to 1462 Vlad crossed south of the Danube and devastated the area between Serbia and the Black Sea.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1461, Vlad campaigned south of the Danube and unleashed havoc in the region between Serbia and the Black Sea.
  • Dracula’s Cellar Found « Xenophilia (True Strange Stuff) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC xenophilius.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad refused to pay tribute to the Ottomans—and fought them eg 1461-62 in the area between Serbia and the Black Sea.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Disguising himself as a Turk, he infiltrated the fortress and destroyed it. .In a letter to Corvinus dated February 2, he wrote: "I have killed men and women, old and young...^ Vlad later said: “I have killed men and women, old and young… 23,884 Turks and Bulgarians without counting those whom we burned alive in their homes or whose heads were not chopped off by our soldiers.” .
  • Dracula’s Cellar Found « Xenophilia (True Strange Stuff) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC xenophilius.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ They enforced the curse of destruction on everyone in the city; men and women, young and old, including the oxen, the sheep, and the donkeys, slaughtering them all.
  • American Islamic Wacko Kills 13... - Page 3 - MacNN Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forums.macnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad wrote a letter to Mattias Corvinus, the Hungarian king, saying “I have killed men and women, old and young… We killed 23,884 Turks and Bulgars without counting those whom we burned in homes or whose heads were not cut by our soldiers.” Vlad ended with the rather obvious “thus your highness must know that I have broken the peace with Mehmed” Mehmed responded in kind by assembling 100,000 troops, the same amount he used to conquer Constantinople.
  • MySpace - VLAD the IMPALER - 100 - Hombre - myspace.com/vladtzepesh 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.23,884 Turks and Bulgarians without counting those whom we burned alive in their homes or whose heads were not chopped off by our soldiers..."^ According to Dracula, "(we killed) 23,884 Turks and Bulgars without counting those whom we burned in homes or whose heads were not cut by our soldiers ..."

^ Many people, mostly the Turks and wealthy Germans he tormented, see him as a monster that nailed hats to heads, burned people alive and impaled by the tens of thousands, often leaving the corpses to hang for months.
  • Dracula's Hidden Secrets: Behind the Castle Walls - Tonic 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.tonic.com [Source type: General]

^ Well, you've managed to rue the day for thousands of people by chopping their heads off and sticking them on sticks, for starters.
  • Spike | MySpace 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]. The Christians were spared and many of them were settled in Wallachia.[13]
.In response to this, Sultan Mehmed II raised an army of around 60,000 troops and 30,000 irregulars[15] and in the spring of 1462 headed towards Wallachia.^ In response to this, Sultan Mehmed II, the recent conqueror of Constantinople, raised an army of around 60,000 troops and 30,000 irregulars and in the spring of 1462 headed towards Wallachia.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early months of 1462 Vlad led a quite risky campaign against the Turks, led by Sultan Mehmed II whose forces out numbered Vlad's troops tremendously.
  • Vlad Tepes aka Vlad the Impaler (Count Dracula) Famous Serial Killers 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC www.hellhorror.com [Source type: General]

^ With his army of 20,000–30,000 men Vlad was unable to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgoviste (June 4, 1462), so he resorted to guerrilla war, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mehmed was greeted by a forest of stakes on which Vlad had impaled 20,000 of Mehmed's previous Ottoman army.^ Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror was greeted by the sight of a veritable forest of stakes on which Vlad the Impaler had impaled 20,000 Turkish prisoners.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With his army of 20,000–30,000 men Vlad was unable to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgoviste (June 4, 1462), so he resorted to guerrilla war, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He ruled Walachia in the 15th century as Vlad III. He earned the nicknamed Vlad the Impaler because of his habit for impaling his enemies on wooden stakes and then beheading them.
  • Unseen Creatures: Creatures of the Night 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Commanding between 20,000 and 40,000 men, Vlad was unable to stop the Ottomans from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgovişte on 4 June 1462. Subsequently, he resorted to guerrilla warfare, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.^ With his army of 20,000–30,000 men Vlad was unable to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgoviste (June 4, 1462), so he resorted to guerrilla war, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad organised small attacks, and the Ottomans left.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to one account, Vlad had over 10,000 men impaled as a grisly "fence" near the Danube where he left them to rot.

.The most famous of these attacks occurred on June 16/17, when during the night Vlad and some of his men (wearing Ottoman disguises again) entered the main Turkish camp and attempted to assassinate Mehmed, though the assassination attempt failed.^ The most important of these attacks took place on the nights of June 16–17, when Vlad and some of his men allegedly entered the main Turkish camp (wearing Ottoman disguises) and attempted to assassinate Mehmed.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of these occurred during the period 1456-1462.

^ With his army of 20,000–30,000 men Vlad was unable to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgoviste (June 4, 1462), so he resorted to guerrilla war, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another attack took place on the night of the 23rd June.^ On this brooch, "Dracula" is depicted as a Gunner at the "Night Attack" (Romanian, Atacul de Noapte) on June 17th, 1462.
  • Roman Officer Ancient Miniature Art 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.romanofficer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important of these attacks took place on the nights of June 16–17, when Vlad and some of his men allegedly entered the main Turkish camp (wearing Ottoman disguises) and attempted to assassinate Mehmed.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That same night another woman was attacked and the police found a mask on her floor identical to one found later in Bundy’s car.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

.Vlad needed to go to Chilia, but he left 6,000 of his men to pursue the retreating Ottoman enemy.^ According to one account, Vlad had over 10,000 men impaled as a grisly "fence" near the Danube where he left them to rot.

^ According to one account, Vlad had over 10,000 men impaled at a grisly "fence" near the Danube where he left them to rot.
  • Pastyme With Good Companye - Category: Loons Throughout History 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.doubledeckerbuses.org [Source type: General]

^ When the Ottomans were taking the Balkans back in 1462, Count Dracula (aka Wallachian Prince Vlad III) and his men were ready.
  • Rabbi bites off Muslim's finger at menorah lighting -- no, wait... - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He decided to attack the Turks once again and surprised the rear-guard of Iosuf Bey, which soon was forced to flee.^ The Turk's soon counter-attacked with overwhelming force.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Turk's soon counterattacked with overwhelming force.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Turks soon counterattacked with overwhelming force.
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

.Turkhanbeyoglu Omer Bey helped the Ottoman army and forced the overwhelmed and outnumbered Wallachians to retreat into the woods.^ The Wallachian army moved into Macedonia.
  • The Rise of Wallachia 1419-1810 - Paradox Interactive Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: General]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With no noble support and no army Vlad was forced into exile.
  • UAU! [Archive] - Strategy First Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.strategyfirst.com [Source type: Original source]

.There was another battle near Buzau soon after, when 15,000 Wallachians defeated the Turkish light cavalry of Evrenos Bey.^ There's one tale of a huge Ottoman army heading toward Wallachia, and along the way, a forest of 20,000 impaled Turkish prisoners greeted them.
  • Dracula's Hidden Secrets: Behind the Castle Walls - Tonic 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.tonic.com [Source type: General]

^ Another possible reason for Vlad’s rehabilitation was that the new successor to the Wallachian throne, Vlad’s own brother, Radu the Handsome, had instituted a very pro-Turkish policy.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless, following his retreat from Wallachian territory, Mehmed left the next phase of the battle to Vlad's younger brother Radu, the Turkish favorite for the Wallachian throne.

.On the 29th June Mehmed II reached Braila, which he burned to the ground and then crossed the Danube.^ In the summer of 1462 Mahomed II, Vlad's brother Radu cel Frumos and an ottoman army crossed the Danube.
  • UAU! [Archive] - Strategy First Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.strategyfirst.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the spring of 1462, the sultan Mehmed the 2nd crossed the Danube with a 60.000 soldiers army (almost the double of the army which Vlad had at his disposal) and went directly to Targoviste.

^ In 1461, he took on the Turks from the Danube River Valley, but ultimately failed to subdue them, outnumbered by Sultan Mehmed II's army.
  • WikiAnswers - Where did the vampire myth originate 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: Original source]

[17]
.Vlad the Impaler's attack was celebrated among the Saxon cities of Transylvania, the Italian states and the Pope.^ Vlad the Impaler as a fugitive in Moldova and Transylvania; .

^ Vlad the Impaler, The Inspiration For Dracula Vlad Draculea, prince of 15th-century Wallachia, a state or "polity" of Romania,gave Bram Stoker the idea for his creation .
  • Onscreen Draculas - Britmovie - British Film Forum 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.britmovie.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ A key element of the power of the Wallachian nobility was their connections in the Saxon-populated autonomous towns of Transylvania, so Vlad acted against these cities by eliminating their trade privileges in relation with Wallachia and by organizing raids against them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Evolution of Vampires In Film 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.A Venetian envoy, upon hearing about the news at the court of Corvinus on March 4, expressed great joy and said that the whole of Christianity should celebrate Vlad Ţepeş's successful campaign.^ Just as the noblemen and their families were to leave for home, Vlad’s soldiers marched into the great hall and surrounded them.
  • Haunted Hamilton : Ghosts of the World : Vlad III Dracula (Vlad Tepes) by Daniel Cumerlato 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedhamilton.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Corvinus used as evidence letters supposedly written by Vlad that indicated he was a traitor to the Christian cause and was plotting to support the Turks; Romanian historians concur that these letters were forgeries and part of a larger campaign to discredit Vlad and justify Corvinus's actions.

^ Talk to a Romanian about Vlad and you will often hear the phrase, “yes, but in the context of the time”: meaning that the age in which he lived was brutal.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Genoese from Caffa also thanked Vlad, for his campaign had saved them from an attack of some 300 ships that the sultan planned to send against them.^ The warrior sultan turned command of the campaign against Vlad over to subordinates and returned to Constantinople.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mircea II was an able military leader, and fought some successful yet small campaigns against the Ottomans prior to his capture along with his father in 1447.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The warrior sultan turned command of the campaign against Dracula over to subordinates and returned to Constantinople.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.Radu cel Frumos and his Janissary battalion was given the responsibility of repelling his brothers deadly raids after the Sipahis failed to subdue Vlad.^ Radu cel Frumos (Radu the Handsome) .
  • Romania's ethnograpthic regions - Wallachian voivodes 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.eliznik.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ The ones that attacked were repelled by Vlad (and the survivors captured and impaled), but subsequent, larger Turkish forces (led by Vlad's brother Radu) actually succeeded in capturing Wallachia.
  • Profiles in Carnage: Vlad the Impaler (1431 - 1476) - Neatorama 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On Easter Sunday of 1459, Vlad committed his first major act of revenge by arresting the Boyer families whom he held responsible for the death of his father and brother.
  • History to consider 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Radu was now given the task of leading the Ottoman Empire to victory he was positioned north of the Danube, after most of the demoralized Ottoman Turks withdrew.^ That term is the title given to Vlad II by a secret order of knights known as the Order of the Dragon, an order that vowed to uphold Christianity and defend Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia and the Holy Roman Empire from the Ottoman Turks.
  • The Open Book 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.grit.com [Source type: General]

^ He was a Franciscan friar and inquisitor sent by the Pope, which accompanied governor John Huniad in his campaign against the Ottoman Turks in Belgrade, where they scored a decisive victory.
  • Huniad castle - InfoHub 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: News]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vlad defeated another Sipahi attack in July 1462, killing 4,000 of Radu's troops.^ With his army of 20,000–30,000 men Vlad was unable to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia and occupying the capital Târgoviste (June 4, 1462), so he resorted to guerrilla war, constantly organizing small attacks and ambushes on the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After another case of Tokaij, Vlad went on to tell me that he didn't even start any of that impaling business.....it was all Radu.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18) 1941 Oct 22-23, Some 39,000 Jews were killed by Romanian troops over 2 days in Odessa.
  • Timeline Romania 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.But many Romanian Boyars had been alienated by Vlad's policy and disliked him because he was undermining their authority, and weakening their control over Wallachia and of course the Prince.^ Vlad fought for Wallachia retaking control.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One famous ruler in this period was Vlad III the Impaler (also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad Tepes), Prince of Wallachia in 1448, 1456–62, and 1476.
  • Bucharest International Wine Contest | About Romania 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.vinromania.ro [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad Tepes III , also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad the Impaler, was the prince of Wallachia (a region of Romania) in the 15th century.
  • mental_floss Blog » Our Favorite Vampires 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.mentalfloss.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They joined Radu, thinking Ottoman protection was better than Hungarian protection.^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the campaign setting was released in 1990 and the Bram Stoker's Dracula film in 1992, this makes the movie version of the good Count Older Than They Think .
  • Dracula - Television Tropes & Idioms 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: General]

^ Actually I think they got more soft spots aka Akiles heel than any group I can think of at the moment.
  • Rabbi bites off Muslim's finger at menorah lighting -- no, wait... - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Others had their families taken hostage by the Ottomans and isolated in Millets and thus also sided with Radu to stop their loved ones being hurt or killed.^ On this for the ancient Greek holy day he grabbed his sword and murdered all Bacchae ] in his sight, and then continuing with civilians, killing thousands before being stopped.
  • Category:Council of X - Handbook of the Union Universe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC union.virtueverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Approximately for 20 years Radu has been held hostage by the Sultan, and during this time the Sultan has been successful in changing Radu's opinion about his family.
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Until the 8th September, Vlad obtained another 3 victories. .But continuous war had left him without any money and he could no longer pay his mercenaries.^ The rich got out of the horse industry, the horse people could no longer make a living, and thousands of horses were sold by the pound.
  • Talking History Web Archive:January - June, 2002 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Richter Belmont told him he had no place in the world, but Dracula said that it is not his choice that he continues to return.
  • Dracula - Castlevania Wiki - Forbidden Library 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC wiki.chapelofresonance.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Enclosed is a lock of his hair, which was pretty much the only part of him I could send without staining my stationery.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad travelled to Hungary to ask for help from his former ally, Matthias Corvin.^ Later, Vlad was imprisoned by Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (I actually visited his castle several times) where he was well of to a degree that he was actually able to marry Matthias’s cousin, Ilona Szilágy .
  • The Dracula Myth | Mamaliga 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.mamaliga.com [Source type: General]

^ It was not until 1456, with the help of an ex-enemy, John Hunyadi, the viceroy of Hungary and governor of Translyvania, that Vlad Dracula became Voivode in his own country.

^ When Vlad refugiated and ask for help to fight back the Turks, he was imprisoned in the Hunedoara Castle by the king Matthias Corvin.

.But instead of receiving help he found himself arrested and thrown into the dungeon for high treason[17].^ So, the accusing and arresting of the Wallachian ruler hid also the fact that Mattia Corvin didn`t help Vlad, but didn`t return the money received for the Crusade either.

^ However, instead of providing some help, Matthias arrested Dracula and imprisoned him at the Hungarian capital of Visegrad.

^ Dracula escaped across the mountains into Transylvania and appealed to Matthias Corvinus for aid Instead the King had Dracula arrested and imprisoned in a royal tower near Buda.
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

First marriage

.Vlad's first wife was a Transylvanian noblewoman whose name is unknown.^ He had two sons by his Hungarian wife -- Vlad, and a second whose name is unknown.
  • Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.luv4lestat.4t.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reportedly, his first wife committed suicide by leaping from the towers of Vlad’s castle into the waters of the Arges River rather than surrender to the Turks.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

She bore him at least one son, Mihnea cel Rău, who would later rule Wallachia 1508 to 1510.
.Vlad's first wife died during the siege of Poienari Castle, which was surrounded by the Ottoman army led by Radu.^ His first wife, whose name is not recorded, died during the siege of his castle in 1462.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Turkish army surrounded Poienari Castle, led by his half-brother Radu the Handsome.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An archer having seen the shadow of Vlad's wife behind a window, shot an arrow through the window into Vlad's main quarters, with a message warning him that Radu's army was approaching.^ An archer shot an arrow through a window into Vlad's main quarters, with a message warning him that Radu's army was approaching.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McNally and Florescu explain that the archer was a former servant of Vlad who sent the warning out of loyalty despite having converted to Islam to get out of enslavement by the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Upon reading the message [about the arrival of Turkish troops], Vlad's wife flung herself off the tower into a tributary of the Argeş River flowing below the castle.
  • How does Islam require POWs to be treated? - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.McNally and Florescu explain that the archer was one of Vlad's relatives, who sent the warning out of loyalty despite having converted to Islam to escape enslavement by the Turks.^ McNally and Florescu explain that the archer was a former servant of Vlad who sent the warning out of loyalty despite having converted to Islam to get out of enslavement by the Turks.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have found out who Vlad, is.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad possessed over some 22,000 men, while 7,000 were sent to defend Chilia against his cousin, Stephen, who ruled Moldavia.
  • Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula (2000) (TV) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Upon reading the message, Vlad's wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary of the Argeş River flowing below the castle.^ And threw him into a river.
  • Dracula (Transylvania, Lord of the Vampires) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.marvunapp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Upon reading the message [about the arrival of Turkish troops], Vlad's wife flung herself off the tower into a tributary of the Argeş River flowing below the castle.
  • How does Islam require POWs to be treated? - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She read the message and without any further ado, she flung herself in despair from the tower into the river.

.According to legend, she remarked that she "would rather have her body rot and be eaten by the fish of the Argeş than be led into captivity by the Turks". Today, the tributary is called Râul Doamnei (the "Lady's River", also called the Princess's River).^ According to legend she remarked that she "would rather have her body rot and be eaten by the fish of the Argeş than be led into captivity by the Turks."
  • How does Islam require POWs to be treated? - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would throw myself into the river...

^ Today, the tributary is called Râul Doamnei (the Lady's River).
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This legend is the only known historical reference to Vlad's first wife.^ Historically Vlad is best known for his resistance to the Ottoman Empire and its expansion[http://www.romaniatourism.com/dracula.html Count Dracula's Legend] and for the cruel punishments he imposed on his enemies.Vlad III (ruler of Walachia) .
  • Vlad Tepes 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historically, Vlad is best known for his resistance to the Ottoman Empire and its expansion[http://www.romaniatourism.com/dracula.html Count Dracula's Legend] and for the cruel punishments he imposed on his enemies.Vlad III (ruler of Walachia) .
  • Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Captivity in Hungary

.Matthias Corvinus had received from the Pope a consistent financial support to fight against the Turks.^ Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Emperor Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under its walls there were tough fights againsts the Turks, which were defended.

^ After these victories, Stephen implored Pope Sixtus IV to forge a Christian alliance against the Turks.
  • History of Jihad Against the Romanians - WikiIslam 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.wikiislam.com [Source type: Original source]
  • History of Jihad against the Romanians (1402-1843) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.historyofjihad.org [Source type: Original source]

But he had spent the money on completely different purposes. .He now had the Ottomans at his borders, and needed someone to use as a scapegoat.^ Barlowe needed someone to host the Dominus Glyphs, and he chose his disciple, Shanoa , who was unaware of the true intent of Ecclesia, and that using Dominus would end her life.
  • Dracula - Castlevania Wiki - Forbidden Library 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC wiki.chapelofresonance.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Vlad came to him to ask for his help with fighting the war, Corvinus arrested him using false documents: a forged letter, in which Vlad pledged loyalty to Mehmed II and promised to strike an agreement with the Ottomans over Wallachia.^ Since Vlad had killed a vast number of germans, it's highly likely that much of what he supposedly did was exaggerated to help promote negative propaganda against him.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Emperor Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset, military and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.

.Vlad imprisoned at Oratia, a fortress located at Podu Dambovitei Bridge.^ Vlad recognized the potential of the location and upon taking over the throne, he ordered that the structure be repaired and consolidated, turning it into one of his main fortresses.

.A period of imprisonment in Visegrad, near Buda followed, where the Wallachian prince was held for 10 years.^ As the eldest son was about 10 years old at the point Vlad regained the Wallachian throne in 1476, his release probably occurred around 1466.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]

^ Instead the King had Dracula arrested and imprisoned him in a royal tower near Buda.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ November) - Vlad the Impaler is arrested at the request of Matyas Corvinus, near to the Dambovita Castle, imprisoned for about two months in the Bran Castle and then moved to the Visegrad Castle where he will stay for the next 12 years; .

Then he was imprisoned in Buda.[18]
.The exact length of Vlad's period of captivity is open to some debate, though indications are that it was from 1462 until 1474. Diplomatic correspondence from Buda seems to indicate that the period of Vlad's effective confinement was relatively short.^ The Russian pamphlets indicate that he was a prisoner from 1462 until 1474.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Mythology: The Classic Vampire : True-Blood.net – True Blood news, spoilers, photos and more! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC true-blood.net [Source type: General]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is some debate as to the exact length of Vlad’s confinement.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In captivity The exact length of Vlad's period of captivity is open to some debate.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Radu's openly pro-Ottoman policy as voivod probably contributed to Vlad's rehabilitation.^ The film, set during the days of the Ottoman Empire, will focus on the rivalry between Vlad and Muslim brother Radu.
  • Express.co.uk - Home of the Daily and Sunday Express | UK News :: Brad Pitt to team up with Twilight makers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.express.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The openly pro-Turkish policy of Vlad's brother, Radu (who was prince of Wallachia during most of Vlad's captivity), was a probable factor in Vlad's rehabilitation.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During his captivity, some sources say Vlad also converted to Catholicism, in contrast to his brother who converted to Islam, if the conversion happened at all.^ During his captivity, Vlad also adopted Catholicism.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some say that Vlad is dead.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad IV Călugărul, "the Monk," was yet another brother who took power in 1481, lost it, and then ruled from 1482 to 1495.
  • Draco Concordans: Index (R-Z) 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC eblong.com [Source type: Academic]

Second marriage

.Gradually winning back King Matthias's favour, he married Ilona Szilágyi, a cousin of the king, and in the years before his final release in 1474, lived with her in a house in the Hungarian capital.^ The following is from Dracula's homepage: We do know that Vlad later married Ilona Szilagy, who was related to Matthias Corvinus, the king of Hungary who had placed Vlad under arrest following his escape from Wallachia in 1462.
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Apparently in the years before his final release in 1474 (when he began preparations for the reconquest of Wallachia), Vlad resided with his new wife in a house in the Hungarian capital (the setting of the thief anecdote).
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, Moldavia was subject to further Hungarian interventions after that moment, as Matthias Corvinus deposed Aron and backed Alexăndrel to the throne in Suceava.
  • Suceava, Court of Moldavia - Paradox Interactive Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: Original source]

.Around 1465, Ilona bore him two sons: the elder, Vlad IV Dracula, who spent most of his time in king Matthias' retinue and later was an unsuccessful claimant to the Wallachian throne.^ Vlad breifly attains the Wallachian throne.
  • Filmografia vampirica, Dracula dalla storia al cinema, Vampiria 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.cinemedioevo.net [Source type: General]

^ Vlad Dracula was only 13 at the time.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

^ This time, it was his son, Alucard, who confronted him.
  • Dracula - Castlevania Wiki - Forbidden Library 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC wiki.chapelofresonance.com [Source type: Original source]

.The younger, whose name is unknown, lived with the Bishop of Oradea in Transylvania until 1482, when he fell ill.^ He had two sons by his Hungarian wife -- Vlad, and a second whose name is unknown.
  • Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.luv4lestat.4t.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad the Monk spent many years in Transylvania waiting for a chance to get the throne of Wallachia, trying a religious career in the meantime, until he became prince of Wallachia (1482).
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both of them lived or came from Transylvania and lived in a castle (curiosly, Vlad’s one was named Castle Dracula).
  • English World » “DRACULA The Vampire” 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.clermont.edu.co [Source type: Original source]

He returned to Buda, where he died in his mother's presence.[19]. .The descendants of Vlad and Ilona married into Hungarian nobility.^ She was married to a descendant of Vlad Dracula of Bram Stoker fame.
  • Cyclopedia of Factoids - The Letter B 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This nickname turned into a surname for his descendants, Vlad, his second son known as such.

^ He was held in a tower at one point; but, towards the end of his imprisonment, he had married a cousin of the Hungarian King, Ilona Szilagy.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

Third reign and death

On 26 November 1476, the High Council decided Vlad was to be enthroned. .Vlad began preparations for the reconquest of Wallachia and in 1476, with Hungarian support, invaded the country.^ In 1476 he once again invaded Wallachia.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1476 he once again invaded Wallachia .
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One famous ruler in this period was Vlad III the Impaler (also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad Tepes), Prince of Wallachia in 1448, 1456–62, and 1476.
  • Bucharest International Wine Contest | About Romania 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.vinromania.ro [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Vlad’s third reign lasted little more than two months when he was killed on the battlefield against the Ottomans near Bucharest in 1476.[20]
.The Turks decapitated his corpse and sent the head to Constantinople, where the Sultan had it displayed on a stake as proof that the Impaler was finally dead.^ The head was sent to Constantinople and humiliatingly displayed by Mehemed II. The Impaler Prince, and Mehmed’s whipping boy, was finally dead.
  • MySpace - VLAD the IMPALER - 100 - Hombre - myspace.com/vladtzepesh 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • http://curiousexpeditions.org/?paged=7 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dracula's body was decapitated by the Turks and his head sent to Constantnople where the sultan had it displayed on a stake as proof that the Impaler was dead.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad's body was decapitated by the Turks and his head was sent to Istanbul and preserved in honey, where the sultan had it displayed on a stake as proof that Kazkl Bey was dead.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

The exact location of his remains is unknown. .One theory is that Vlad's remains may be located at the Comana monastery.^ I went almost immediately into the remains of a tower (which turned out to be the one Vlad's wife was supposed to have jumped from.

^ Ectoplasmic Absorption & Redirection - Vlad can absorb attacks and use them as his own, though it may be likely he was only blocking the attack and firing one of his own.

^ The Legend of Snagov: In one version of the story, Vlad the Impaler was murdered in a nearby forest, and the monks of the monastery took it upon themselves to inter the villain.

[21] .The other theory is that Vlad is buried at Snagov, an island monastery located near Bucharest.^ Vlad was buried in a mausoleum in a monastery at Lake Snagov that he had founded.
  • Pastyme With Good Companye - Category: Loons Throughout History 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.doubledeckerbuses.org [Source type: General]

^ He was reportedly buried at Snagov, an island monastery located near Bucharest.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He was burried at one of his monasteries (on the island at Snagov).
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]

Legacy

Methods of execution

Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses
.When he came to power Vlad ruled with the intention of exacting revenge on the boyars for killing his father and eldest brother.^ Vlad’s own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad's own father and older brother were murdered by unfaithful boyars.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad rose to power after his father was killed and his older brother was blinded by hot irons and then buried alive.
  • 10 Historic Badasses (Ass-Kicking Edition) — ty.rannosaur.us 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC ty.rannosaur.us [Source type: General]

.Though Vlad took nearly a decade to do so, he fulfilled this vow, completing the task on an Easter Sunday around 1457. The older boyars and their families were immediately impaled.^ The older boyars and their families were impaled on the spot.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Around Easter of 1459, Vlad had all the boyar families arrested and impaled the elder members on stakes while forcing the others to march from the capital to the town of Poenari.
  • Recreation Office » Education Online 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC recreationoffice.com [Source type: General]

^ On Easter Sunday of 1459, Vlad committed his first major act of revenge by arresting the Boyer families whom he held responsible for the death of his father and brother.
  • History to consider 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The younger and healthier nobles and their families were marched north from Târgovişte to the ruins of Poienari Castle in the mountains above the Argeş River, 40 miles north of Târgovişte.^ The younger and healthier nobles and their families were marched north from Targoviste to the ruins of a castle in the mountains above the Arges River.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The younger and healthier nobles and their families were marched north from Tirgoviste to the ruins of his castle in the mountains above the Arges River.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The younger and healthier nobles and their families were marched north from Târgoviste to the ruins of Poienari Castle in the mountains above the Arges River.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vlad was determined to rebuild this ancient fortress as his own stronghold and refuge so he might monitor the movements of the Hungarians coming through Transylvania and the Turks of the Ottoman Empire.^ Vlad was determined to rebuild this ancient fortress as his own stronghold and refuge.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In a country ruled by Germans, Turks, Ottomans, and Hungarians, Vlad was an exception.
  • http://curiousexpeditions.org/?paged=7 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dracula was determined to rebuild this ancient fortress as his own stronghold and refuge.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.The enslaved boyars, their families and some master masons were forced to labor until their deaths, rebuilding the old castle with materials from another nearby ruin.^ The enslaved boyars and their families were forced to labor for months rebuilding the old castle with materials from a nearby ruin.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The enslaved boyars and their families were forced to labour for months rebuilding the old castle with materials from another nearby ruin.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The enslaved boyars and their families were forced to labor for months rebuilding the old castle with materials from another nearby ruin.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.According to tradition, they labored until the clothes fell off their bodies and then were forced to continue working naked.^ They worked a long time; when their clothes fell off, they worked naked.
  • How did Dracula become the first Vampire?? (was he born or bit or something?)? - Yahoo! Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Vlad Dracula: The Real Prince Dracula | Vampyres Only 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.vampyres.ca [Source type: General]
  • Noahidenews61 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.samliquidation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the reports they labored until the clothes fell off their bodies and then were forced to continue working naked.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Accord­ing to tra­di­tion, they laboured until the clothes fell off their bod­ies and then were forced to con­tinue work­ing naked.
  • The Most Hated People in History | AngPeregrino.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC angperegrino.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.None survived the construction of castle Poienari, as those who did not die from exhaustion were impaled.^ Those that survived the arduous construction process were then impaled.
  • The WEB CELT 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.webcelt.com [Source type: General]

^ Those who survived the grueling ordeal were impaled."
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]
  • OCCULT REVELATION OF 666, THE MARK OF THE BEASTS, SATAN'S RAPTURE,LUCIFER, DEMONOLOGY, DEVIL WORSHIP, PARAPSYCHOLOGY. The modern Dark Age,the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism, The modern Dark Agesand the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age, Looking Backward atEdward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance, the socialistHolocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, Socialist Crusades and SocialistCrusaders. The Socialist Inquisitions, The Socialist Inquisition 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He was obscure enough that few would recognize the name and those who did would know him for his acts of brutal cruelty; Dracula was a natural candidate for vampirism.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout his reign, Vlad systematically eradicated the old boyar class of Wallachia.^ Throughout his reign Dracula systematically eradicated the old boyar class of Wallachia .
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout his reign, Vlad systematically eradicated the old boyar class of Wallachia.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout his reign Vlad continued to systematically eradicate the old boyar class of Wallachia.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

.The old boyars had repeatedly undermined the power of the prince during previous reigns and had been responsible for the violent overthrow of several princes.^ The old boyars had repeatedly undermined the power of the prince during previous reigns and had been responsible for the violent overthrow of several princes.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ His first reign as crown prince took place at age 17, during the same year of his release from Turkish captivity, in 1448.
  • Things that Rock - GraphJam: Music and Pop Culture in Charts and Graphs. Let us explain them. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC graphjam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout his reign Dracula systematically eradicated the old boyar class of Wallachia .
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad was determined that his own power be on a modern and thoroughly secure footing.^ Apparently Dracula was determined that his own power be on a modern and thoroughly secure footing.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Apparently Vlad Tepes was determined that his own power be on a modern and thoroughly secure footing.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apparently Vlad was determined that his own power be on a modern and thoroughly secure footing.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In place of the executed boyars, Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and middle class, who would be loyal only to their prince.^ In the place of the executed boyars Dracula promoted new men from among the free peasantry and middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In the place of the executed boyars Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and the middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In place of the executed boyars, Vlad promoted new men from among the free peasantry and middle class; men who would be loyal only to their prince.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vlad the Impaler's reputation was considerably darker in Western Europe than in Eastern Europe and Romania.^ The reputation of Vlad Tepes was considerably darker in the Western Europe than in the Eastern Europe and Romania.

^ Outside of Romanian folklore the reputation of Vlad is considerably darker.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The reputation of Vlad Tepes was considerably darker in Western Europe than in Eastern Europe and Romania.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The fame of his cruelty spread in the form of a pamphlet, seriously exaggerated, and promoted by Mathias Corvinus. .Matthias tarnished Vlad’s reputation and credibility for a political reason: as an explanation for why he had not helped Vlad fight the Ottomans in 1462, for which purpose he had received money from most Catholic states in Europe.^ During this time they launched several campaigns to eliminate " enemies of the state ", in which numerous individuals were killed or imprisoned for arbitrary political or economic reasons.
  • Top20Romania.com - Your Top20 Guide to Romania! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC top20romania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Few years ago, with the help of the American ambassador in Bucharest, Michael Guest, the church received a 20 000 dollars donation from the United States of America, money that was used to renovate a great part of its mural paintings.

^ When the Ottomans were taking the Balkans back in 1462, Count Dracula (aka Wallachian Prince Vlad III) and his men were ready.
  • Rabbi bites off Muslim's finger at menorah lighting -- no, wait... - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mathias employed the charges of Southeastern Transylvania, and produced fake letters of high treason, written on the 7 November 1462.[23]
.In the West, Vlad III Ţepeş has been characterized as a tyrant who took sadistic pleasure in torturing and killing his enemies.^ Vlad III has been characterized as exceedingly cruel.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In the West, Vlad III Tepes has been characterized as an exceedingly cruel madman.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the West, Vlad III Tepes had been characterized as an exceedingly cruel madman.

.The number of his victims ranges from 40,000 to 100,000.[24] According to the German stories the number of victims he had killed was at least 80,000. In addition to the 80,000 victims mentioned he also had whole villages and fortresses destroyed and burned to the ground.^ The number of his victims ranges from 40 000 to 100 000.

^ According to the German stories the number of victims he had killed was at least 80,000.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the 80 000 victims mentioned he also had whole villages and fortresses burned and destroyed to the ground.

[25] .These numbers are most likely exaggerated.^ These numbers are most likely exaggerated.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Vlad had killed a vast number of germans, it's highly likely that much of what he supposedly did was exaggerated to help promote negative propaganda against him.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Impalement was Ţepeş’s preferred method of torture and execution[2], however the exact number of enemies executed cannot be relied on for they are documented by Vlad’s rivals, therefore are most likely exaggerated to an extent.
  • Things that Rock - GraphJam: Music and Pop Culture in Charts and Graphs. Let us explain them. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC graphjam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
.The atrocities committed by Vlad in the German stories include impaling, torturing, burning, skinning, roasting, and boiling people, feeding people the flesh of their friends or relatives, cutting off limbs, and drowning.^ The atrocities made by Vlad in the German stories include impaling, torturing, burning, skinning, roasting, and boiling people, feeding people human flesh (their friends or relatives), cutting off limbs, drowning, and nailing of hats to the heads of people.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The atrocities made by Vlad in the German stories include impaling, torturing, burning, skinning, roasting, and boiling people, feeding people human flesh (their friends or relatives), cutting off limbs, drowning and nailing of hats to the heads of people.

^ The list of tortues employed by this cruel prince reads like an inventory of Hell's tools: nails in heads, cutting off of limbs, blinding, strangulation, burning, cutting off of noses and ears, mutilation of sexual organs (especially in the case of women), scalping, skinning, exposure to the elements or to wild animals and boiling alive.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

.All of these punishments mainly came from things people did that displeased Vlad the most; stealing, lying, and adulterous relations.^ Actually Jeb, that is a brilliant question...perhaps, I did rush to judgment about Vlad...does he indeed, have a light side, as most things do?
  • The Druid Grove • View topic - The Germanic Path 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.druidry.org [Source type: General]

^ He immediately sent out invitations to all these people inviting them to a grand feast and proclaiming that 'nobody should go hungry in his land'.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

^ People who believe that Scientology is responsible for what it did to them, who won't buy the line that they are completely responsible for all the destructive things the cult does and won't accept that the victim is solely to blame for any mishaps.

.Other methods of punishment included skinning the feet of thieves, then putting salt on them and letting goats lick off the salt.^ I add that other methods of punishment included skinning the feet of thieves, then putting salt on them and letting goats lick off the salt OR His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim's legs as a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body.
  • Vlad Tepes 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He would skin the feet of thieves, pour salt on the wounds and let goats lick away.
  • Ian Kinsler News - Topix 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ Other methods of torture included cutting off noses and ears, mutilating sexual organs, scalping, skinning, exposure to the elements of wild animals, and burning alive.
  • Vlad Tepes 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was a way that Vlad kept his people in order and taught them that stealing would not be tolerated in his lands.^ Vlad informed his people that if the thief was not found, the city would be destroyed.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad often ordered people to be skinned, boiled, decapitated, blinded, strangled, hanged, burned, roasted, hacked, nailed, buried alive, stabbed, etc.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking advantage of the situation, Vlad steals the Ecto-Skeleton, and claims to Maddie and Jack that he rescued Danny to worm his way back into their good graces.

.No exceptions were made: he punished anyone who broke his laws, whether men or women, no matter the age, religion or social class.^ His victims included men and women of all ages, religions and social classes, children and babies.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No matter the type of stalker, it is a crime in most countries to follow and harass people and therefore the law will be called upon.
  • Recreation Office » Education Online 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC recreationoffice.com [Source type: General]

^ It was no doubt made for a veteran of that raid, who had actually had been a gunner, very possibly it was made during this period.
  • Roman Officer Ancient Miniature Art 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.romanofficer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Impalement was Vlad's preferred method of torture and execution.^ Impalement was Vlad's favorite but by no means his only method of torture.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Impalement was Vlad III’s preferred method of torture and execution.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]

^ Impalement was his preferred method of torture and execution.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim's legs as a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body.^ His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim's legs as a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad usually had a horse attached to each of the victim's legs and a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Upon command the horses slowly pulled the victim's legs until the stake was impaled into the victims body.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

.Death by impalement was slow and agonizing.^ As expected, death by impalement was slow and painful.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Death by impalement was slow and painful.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Worse than crucifixion (where death is by eventual suffocation), as you mentioned, impalement is a much more slow and agonizing death.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.Victims sometimes endured for hours or even days.^ Vic­tims some­times endured for hours or even days.
  • The Most Hated People in History | AngPeregrino.com 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC angperegrino.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Victims sometimes endured for hours or days.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This torture was often a matter of several hours, sometimes a matter of several days.
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns.^ Vlad often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad Tepes often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]

^ Dracula often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.The most common pattern was a ring of concentric circles in the outskirts of a city that constituted his target.^ The most common pattern was a ring of concentric circles in the outskirts of a city that constituted his target.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most common pattern was a ring of concentric circles in the outskirts of the city that was his target.
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The most common pattern was a ring of concentric circles in the outskirts of a city that was his target.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.The height of the spear indicated the rank of the victim.^ The height of the spear indicated the rank of the victim.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ One story tells of how he impaled his victims in geometric patterns, the height of the stake indicated the rank of the victim.
  • Vampires: Myth, Legend and Lore 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The corpses were often left decaying for months.^ The corpses were often left decaying for months.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The decaying corpses were often left up for months.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The corpses were often left rotting for months as a deterrent to the Turkish armies.
  • Vampires: Myth, Legend and Lore 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.One of the most famous woodcuts of the period shows Vlad feasting in a forest of stakes and their grisly burdens outside Braşov, while a nearby executioner cuts apart other victims.^ One of the most famous woodcuts of the period shows Vlad the Impaler feasting amongst a forest of stakes and their grisly burdens outside Braşov, while a nearby executioner cuts apart other victims.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the most famous woodcuts of the period shows Vlad the Impaler feasting amongst a forest of stakes and their grisly burdens outside Brasov, while a nearby executioner cuts apart other victims.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the most famous woodcuts of the period shows Vlad Dracula feasting amongst a forest of stakes and their grisly burdens outside Brasov while a nearby executioner cuts apart other victims.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]

.This place was famously known as the Forest of the Impaled.^ "There was a place, that is now long forgotten, a place called Crystal Lake, and around Crystal Lake was Crystal forest, and Crystal forest could have been found in the Beskydy Mountains in What is known now as southern Romania.
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.In this forest is a story of Vlad's "sense of humor": a servant was holding his nose and Vlad said to him while feasting "why do you do that?"^ Vlad then said,"You think you can defeat me?
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While dining, Vlad noticed that one of his boyars was holding his nose in an effort to alleviate the terrible smell of clotting blood and emptied bowels.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the story, Vlad used to bath in his enemies blood, to keep him young and strong.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

.The servant replied, "I cannot stand the stench" Vlad immediately ordered him impaled on the highest stake and said, "then you shall live up there where the stench cannot reach you."^ Vlad then said,"You think you can defeat me?
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Standing up Vlad says, "you look beautiful."
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "May the stake be up you.
  • Brad Pitt & THE TWILIGHT SAGA Company To Bring Us Action Dracula!! -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]
.Vlad the Impaler is alleged to have committed even more impalements and other tortures against invading Ottoman forces.^ Vlad Tepes is alleged to have committed even more impalements and other tortures against invading Ottoman forces.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Impalement was Dracula’s preferred method of torture and execution and was the reason that he was given the additional title of “The Impaler.” .

^ Vlad the Impaler was not a "real" vampire, but he probably caused more rivers of blood than any other tyrant in the worldwide history.
  • Famous people from Romania: Famous Artists, Leaders, Musicians, etc from Romania 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC daytranslations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was reported that an invading Ottoman army turned back in fright when it encountered thousands of rotting corpses impaled on the banks of the Danube.^ It was reported that an invading Ottoman army turned back in fright when it encountered thousands of rotting corpses impaled on the banks of the Danube.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was once reported that an invading Turkish army turned back in fright when it encountered thousands of rotting corpses impaled on the banks of the Danube.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It was reported that the invading Turkish army turned back in horror when it encountered twenty thousand decaying corpses along the banks of the Danube river.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

[12] .It has also been said that in 1462 Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, a man noted for his own psychological warfare tactics, returned to Constantinople after being sickened by the sight of 20,000 impaled corpses outside Vlad's capital of Târgovişte.^ In 1461 Mohammed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, a man not noted for his squeamishness, returned to Constantinople after being sickened by the sight of twenty thousand impaled Turkish prisoners outside of the city of Tirgoviste.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]

^ It has also been said that in 1462 Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, a man noted for his own psychological warfare tactics, returned to Constantinople after being sickened by the sight of 20,000 impaled corpses outside Vlad's capital of Târgoviste.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1461 Mohammed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, a man not noted for his squeamishness, returned to Constantinople after being sickened by the sight of twenty thousand impaled corpses rotting outside of Dracula's capital of Tirgoviste .
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the victims were Turkish prisoners of war Vlad had previously captured during the Turkish invasion.^ Many of the victims were Turkish prisoners of war Vlad had previously captured during the Turkish invasion.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During his time as a "distinguished prisoner" before being fully pardoned and allowed to reconquer Wallachia, Vlad was hailed as a Christian hero by visitors from all over Europe.
  • DRACULA † 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dracula or Vlad III the Impaler - The Apricity Forum: Cultural & Ethnic European Preservation 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.theapricity.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad is revered as a folk hero by Romanians for driving off invading Turks with his brutal tactics; his impaled victims are said to have included as many as 100,000 Turkish Muslims.
  • Dracula - Monstropedia - the largest encyclopedia about monsters 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.monstropedia.org [Source type: General]

.The total Turkish casualty toll in this battle reached over 40,000. The warrior sultan turned command of the campaign against Vlad over to subordinates and returned to Constantinople, even though his army had initially outnumbered Vlad's three to one and was better equipped.^ The warrior sultan turned command of the campaign against Vlad over to subordinates and returned to Constantinople, even though his army had initially outnumbered Vlad's three to one and was better equipped.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He later turned over the campaign to destroy Dracula to one of his subordinates.
  • Dracula (Transylvania, Lord of the Vampires) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.marvunapp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The warrior sultan turned command of the campaign against Dracula over to subordinates and returned to Constantinople.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad was also a courageous man - he led from the front; he never let his soldiers do all the fighting.^ The Doctor suggests that Radu explain all this to the boyars and get their support to remove his brother from the throne by diplomacy rather than by force, but Radu knows Vlad will never give up what hes gained without a fight.
  • Son of the Dragon 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.drwhoguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Can we just have your autograph, or you know take pictures or something?” “You have me confused with somebody else; I’ve never been in a Starwars movie, let alone a movie at all!

^ This man (Vlad Tepes) grew up in a very negative place where all he heard was hate the Turks and kill them, and them with no rest.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad's blood-lust was deeper than impalement; he desired to be in battle as well.^ Vlad the Impaler was not a "real" vampire, but he probably caused more rivers of blood than any other tyrant in the worldwide history.
  • Famous people from Romania: Famous Artists, Leaders, Musicians, etc from Romania 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC daytranslations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reason for this is that Vlad Dracula from Romania was thought to be a "vampire" for his blood lust, therefore, when they're names crossed the makers decided him to be a vampire.

^ His desire for a worthy opponent may be connected to his regret, as well; it could be interpreted as a desire to finally die in battle.
  • Alucard - Hellsing Wiki 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hellsing.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

German stories about Vlad the Impaler

.
Vlad the Impaler as Pontius Pilate judging Jesus Christ.
^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes Vlad as Pontius Pilate judging Christ.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

National Gallery, Ljubljana, 1463
.The German stories circulated first in manuscript form in the late 15th century and the first manuscript was probably written in 1462 before Vlad's arrest.^ The Romanian, German, and the Russian stories all have their origins in the 15th century.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The German stories circulated first in manuscript form in the late 15th century and the first manuscript was probably written in 1462 before Vlad’s arrest.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Easter Sunday of 1459, Vlad committed his first major act of revenge by arresting the Boyer families whom he held responsible for the death of his father and brother.
  • History to consider 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

[26] .The text was later printed in Germany and had major impact on the general public becoming a best-seller of its time with numerous later editions adding and altering the original text.^ The text was later printed in Germany and had major impact on the general public becoming a best-seller of its time with numerous later editions adding and alternating the original text.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So far-reaching are the powers bestowed upon the Church by this document, one would have thought that it would have been made public at the time of its bestowal, not centuries later ...
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

^ [A revised and more comprehensive edition of the original 1972 _In Search of Dracula_, one of the major contributions to Dracula studies.

.In addition to the manuscripts and pamphlets the German version of the stories can be found in the poem of Michel Beheim.^ To this day four manuscripts and 13 pamphlets are found as well as the poem by Michel Beheim.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the manuscripts and pamphlets the German version of the stories can be found in the poem of Michel Beheim.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes consist of altogether 46 short episodes, although none of the manuscripts, pamphlets or the poem of Beheim have all of the episodes in them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The poem called "Von ainem wutrich der hies Trakle waida von der Walachei" ("Story of a Madman Called Dracula of Wallachia") was written and performed at the court of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor during the winter of 1463.[28]
.To this day four manuscripts and 13 pamphlets are found as well as the poem by Michel Beheim.^ To this day four manuscripts and 13 pamphlets are found as well as the poem by Michel Beheim.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the manuscripts and pamphlets the German version of the stories can be found in the poem of Michel Beheim.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes consist of altogether 46 short episodes, although none of the manuscripts, pamphlets or the poem of Beheim have all of the episodes in them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The surviving manuscripts date from the last quarter of the 15th century to the year 1500 and the found pamphlets date from 1488 to 1559–1568.
.Eight of the pamphlets are incunabula: they were printed before 1501. The German stories about Vlad the Impaler consist of 46 short episodes, although none of the manuscripts, pamphlets or the poem of Beheim contain all 46 stories.^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes consist of altogether 46 short episodes, although none of the manuscripts, pamphlets or the poem of Beheim have all of the episodes in them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight of the pamphlets are actually incunabulum because they were printed before 1501.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the manuscripts and pamphlets the German version of the stories can be found in the poem of Michel Beheim.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All of them begin with the story of the old governor, John Hunyadi, having Vlad's father killed, and how Vlad and his brother renounced their old religion and swore to protect and uphold the Christian faith.^ Mathias father John Hunyadi has anything to do with it?"
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And after all, he knew that his father had killed his father.
  • Suceava, Court of Moldavia - Paradox Interactive Forums 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All of the Stories start with the episode telling how the old governor (meaning John Hunyadi) had Vlad's father killed and how Vlad and his brother renounced their old religion and swore to protect and uphold the Christian faith.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After this, the order and titles of the stories differs by manuscript and pamphlet editions.^ The title of the German stories varies in different manuscripts, incunabulum and pamphlets with mainly three different titles with variations.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After this the order of the episodes differs in the different manuscripts and editions of the pamphlets.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes consist of altogether 46 short episodes, although none of the manuscripts, pamphlets or the poem of Beheim have all of the episodes in them.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.The German stories were written most likely for political reasons, especially to blacken the image of the Wallachian ruler.^ The German stories about Vlad Tepes were written most likely for political reasons, especially to blacken the image of the Wallachian ruler.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of the information about his atrocities and cruelness comes from the German stories written about him, which were for the most part politically, religiously and economically inspired propaganda against Vlad Tepes.

^ All the characters in this story are well written and fleshed out and most importantly, believable.
  • Horror World Reviews 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.horrorworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first version of the German text was probably written in Braşov by a Saxon scholar.^ The first version of the German text was probably written in Brasov by a Saxon scholar.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The German stories circulated first in manuscript form in the late 15th century and the first manuscript was probably written in 1462 before Vlad’s arrest.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This document is also notable for having the first occurrence of "Rumanian" in a Romanian written text, Wallachia being here named The Rumanian Land - Ţeara Rumânească ( Ţeara from the Latin: Terra land).
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

According to some researchers, the writer expressed the general feelings of the Saxons in Braşov and Sibiu who had borne the brunt of Vlad’s wrath in 1456–1457 and again in 1458–1459 and 1460.
.Against this political and cultural backdrop, it is quite easy to understand the hostility towards Vlad the Impaler.^ Against this political and cultural backdrop it is quite easy to understand the hostility towards Vlad Tepes.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iancu de Hunedoara continued his father incursions against the Turks (Ottoman Empire) and had Vlad the Impaler as an ally.

^ From this moment forth John Hunyadi was bitterly hostile toward Vlad Dracul and his eldest son.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Although there is historic background for the events described in the German stories, some are either exaggerated or even fictitious.^ Although some of the stories have some base in reality, most of them are either fictional or exaggerated.

^ Although there is historic background for the events described in the German stories, some of them are either exaggerated or even fictitious.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although some of the stories have some basis in reality, most of them are either fictional or exaggerated.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus, also had political reasons for promoting Vlad's image as an evil prince.^ Vlad wrote a letter to Mattias Corvinus , the Hungarian king, saying .
  • http://curiousexpeditions.org/?paged=7 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hungarian king Mathias Corvinus is also said to have had a part in the blackening of the image of Vlad Tepes.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consequently, Vlad was imprisoned by Matthias Corvinus.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Holy Roman Emperor, Emperor Frederick III, he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.^ Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Emperor Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad Tepes was a ruler for a state called Wallachia not  Transylvania.  Wallachia is located just south of Transylvania.   The name "Dracula" was first held by his father Vlad II. The name means "Son of a Dragon".  Vlad senior received the name because he was part of the Order of  the Dragon, an order created by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund.  The Order of the Dragon was designed as an alliance to fight the Turks.  Vlad Tepes assumed the name from his father.

^ It has largely been forgotten until recently that his tenacious efforts against the Ottoman Empire won him many staunch supporters in his lifetime, not just in modern day Romania but in the Kingdom of Hungary, Poland and the Republic of Venice.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.By making Vlad a scapegoat, Corvinus could justify his reasons for not taking part in the war against the Ottomans.^ By making Vlad a scapegoat Corvinus could justify his reasons for not taking part in the war against the Ottomans.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One could say that he was stuck between a rock and a hard place, not least by having to participate, in 1443’s Hunyadic Balkan crusades against the Ottomans.
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Emperor Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He arrested Vlad and used a forged letter in which Vlad announced his loyalty to Mehmed II, as well as horror stories about Vlad, to justify his actions to the Pope.^ He arrested Vlad and used a forged letter where Vlad announced his loyalty to the Sultan, as well as the horror stories about Vlad, to justify his actions to the Pope.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad's actions after 1456 are well documented.

^ Impressed by Vlad's vast knowledge of the mindset, military and inner workings of the Ottoman Empire as well as his hatred of the new sultan Mehmed II, Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an advisor.

.In 1462 and 1463, the court in Buda fostered negative stories of Vlad in central and Eastern Europe, and capitalized on the horrors attributed to him.^ In 1462 and 1463 the court in Buda fostered the dissemination of the negative legend of Vlad in central and Eastern Europe, and capitalized on the horrors attributed to him.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Visiting Count Dracula in Eastern Europe, Jonathan scoffs at the peasants who tell him to delay his visit until after Saint George 's feast day.
  • Dracula at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: General]

^ Since Vlad had killed a vast number of germans, it's highly likely that much of what he supposedly did was exaggerated to help promote negative propaganda against him.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

[26]
.The stories eventually changed from propaganda to literature and became very popular in the German world in the 15th and 16th centuries.^ The purpose of the stories soon changed from propaganda to literature and became very popular, best-sellers of their time, in the German world in the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Romanian, German, and the Russian stories all have their origins in the 15th century.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its population lived under a "Military Democracy" (like habitants of Tmutarakan in 11th century and Ukrainian cossacks in 15th-16th centuries), and in the 12th century attempted the formation of a Principality.
  • Eastern Balkans 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Academic]

.Part of the reason for this success was the newly-invented printing press, which allowed the texts to filter to a wide audience.^ Part of the reason for this success was the newly invented printing press, which allowed the texts to filter to a wide audience.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saxon travelers back in the Fatherland relayed stories of Vlad Tepes which later wound up on the newly-invented printing press as the part of the first tabloid news.

^ It was the late 1400s, and the printing press had just been invented.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.
Vlad the Impaler as Aegeas, the Roman proconsul in Patras, crucifying Saint Andrew.
^ Andrew was killed by Vlad the Impaler.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad as Aegeas, the Roman proconsul in Patras, crucifying Saint Andrew.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad Tepes III or Vlad the Impaler, knighted in the order of the dragon (Dracul) by the Pope to protect the Eastern frontier of the Holy Roman Empire from the Turks.
  • RESEARCH PAPER 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.uh.edu [Source type: General]

Approximately 1470–1480, Belvedere Galleries, Vienna
.In later accounts of these stories, Vlad's atrocities against the people of Wallachia have sometimes been interpreted as attempts to enforce his own moral code upon his country.^ Vlad Tepes’ atrocities against the people of Wallachia were usually attempts to enforce his own moral code upon his country.

^ ATROCITIES: Vlad's atrocities against the people of Wallachia were usually attempts to enforce his own moral code upon his country.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Dracula's atrocities against the people of Wallachia were usually attempts to enforce his own moral code upon his country.
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the pamphlets, he appears to have been particularly concerned with female chastity.^ According to the pamphlets, he appears to have been particularly concerned with female chastity.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He appears to have been particularly concerned with female chastity.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC www.asylumeclectica.com [Source type: General]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Maidens who lost their virginity, adulterous wives, and unchaste widows were all targets of Vlad's cruelty.^ Maidens who lost their virginity, adulterous wives, and unchaste widows were all targets of Vlad's cruelty.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maidens who lost their virginity, adulterous wives and unchaste widows were all targets of Vlad's cruelty.
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Maidens who lost their virginity, adulterous wives and unchaste widows were all targets of Vlad’s cruelty.

.Vlad also insisted that his people be honest and hard-working.^ He demanded that his people be honest and hard working.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad also insisted that his people be honest and hard working.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Dracula also insisted that his people be honest and hard working.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.Merchants who cheated their customers were likely to find themselves mounted on a stake beside common thieves.^ Merchants who cheated their customers sometimes found themselves mounted on a stake besides members of the lower orders.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He killed merchants who cheated their customers.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Noahidenews61 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.samliquidation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Merchants who cheated their customers were likely to find themselves mounted on a stake beside common thieves.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good and Evil: Clinton, Vlad the Impaler, Hitler, and Hatred 20 September 2009 7:46 UTC sprott.physics.wisc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

Russian stories about Vlad the Impaler

.The Russian or the Slavic version of the stories about Vlad the Impaler called "Skazanie o Drakule voevode" ("The Tale of Warlord Dracula") is thought to have been written sometime between 1481 and 1486. Copies were made from the 15th century to the 18th century, of which some twenty-two extant manuscripts survive in Russian archives.^ Dracula in the 18th Century .
  • Dracula (Transylvania, Lord of the Vampires) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.marvunapp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nor is Dracula ever called "Vlad" in the novel.
  • Dracula at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: General]

^ There are some twenty-two extant manuscripts about Vlad in Russian archives.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .The oldest one, from 1490, ends as follows: "First written in the year Byzantine calendar (1486), on 13 February; then transcribed by me, the sinner Elfrosin, in the year 6998 (1490), on 28 January". The Tales of Prince Dracula is neither chronological nor consistent, but mostly a collection of anecdotes of literary and historical value concerning Vlad Ţepeş.^ Vlad followed his father and lived six years at the princely court.

^ Vlad Ţepeş Vlad the Impaler Dracula .

^ The Tale about Voivode Dracula is neither chronological nor consistent, but mostly a collection of anecdotes of literary and historical value concerning Vlad Tepes.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are 19 anecdotes in The Tales of Prince Dracula which are longer and more constructed than the German stories.^ And that is the story of the real Prince Dracula.
  • Did Count Dracula really lived....? - Yahoo!7 Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Noahidenews61 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.samliquidation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There's more to Transylvania than Dracula .
  • There's more to Transylvania than Dracula - Europe, Travel - The Independent 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There are 19 episodes or anecdotes in the Tale about Voivode Dracula and they are longer and more constructed than the German stories.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It can be divided into two sections: The first 13 episodes are non-chronological events most likely closer to the original folkloric oral tradition about Vlad.^ The Tale itself can be divided into two sections.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first 13 episodes are more or less non chronological events and are most likely closer to the original folkloric oral tradition about Vlad.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Ottoman army led by Radu surrounded the castle, Vlad’s first wife threw herself from the tower into a tributary rather than be taken by the Turks.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The last six episodes are thought to have been written by a scholar who collected them, because they are chronological and seem to be more structured.^ The last six episodes are thought to have been written by a scholar who had the idea of collecting the anecdotes because they are chronological and seem to be more structured.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've known people who've lost mail but more than likely they really didn't mail it but thought they did or they put the wrong address on it and now it's sitting in the dead letter office.
  • Watch This Space: August 2009 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.tauycreek.com [Source type: General]

^ We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because they ascribe unto Allah partners, for which no warrant hath been revealed.
  • Rabbi bites off Muslim's finger at menorah lighting -- no, wait... - Jihad Watch 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The stories begin with a short introduction and the anecdote about the nailing of hats to ambassadors heads.^ The atrocities made by Vlad in the German stories include impaling, torturing, burning, skinning, roasting, and boiling people, feeding people human flesh (their friends or relatives), cutting off limbs, drowning and nailing of hats to the heads of people.

^ The atrocities made by Vlad in the German stories include impaling, torturing, burning, skinning, roasting, and boiling people, feeding people human flesh (their friends or relatives), cutting off limbs, drowning, and nailing of hats to the heads of people.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tale about Voivode Dracula starts with a short introduction and then with the story about the nailing of hats to ambassadors heads and it ends with the death of Vlad Tepes and information about Vlad’s family.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They end with Vlad's death and information about his family.^ The death of Dracula Towards the end of 1476 Vlad is killed at Snagov (by Basarab who followed him to the throne of Wallachia).
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is entirely possible that his readings on Balkan history would have included information about Vlad Tepes.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Families who refused to surrender their children were hung/executed; Children tried to escape...though returned when they heard their family was being tortured to death.
  • Islam’s European slave trade by Muslim Turks (eg Ottoman) and Tartars: Part G in Islam’s genocidal slavery. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC islammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30]
.Of the 19 anecdotes there are ten that have similarities to the German stories.^ Out of the 19 episodes there are ten that are almost the same as in the German stories.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 19 episodes or anecdotes in the Tale about Voivode Dracula and they are longer and more constructed than the German stories.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although there is historic background for the events described in the German stories, some of them are either exaggerated or even fictitious.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .Although there are similarities between the Russian and the German stories about Vlad, there is a clear distinction with the attitude towards him.^ Although there are similarities between the Russian and the German stories about Tepes there is a clear distinction with the attitude towards Vlad Tepes in these stories.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Vlad had killed a vast number of germans, it's highly likely that much of what he supposedly did was exaggerated to help promote negative propaganda against him.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As there were no clear rules of succession in Wallachia (the council o "boyars" had the power to select as voivode any son of a ruling prince), Mircea's death led to conflict between his illegitimate son Vlad (Vlad the Impaler's father) and Dan, the son of one of Mircea's brothers.
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Russian stories tend to give him a more positive File: he is depicted as a great ruler, a brave soldier and a just sovereign.^ Unlike in the German stories the Russian stories tend to give a more positive image of Vlad.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is seen as a great ruler, a brave soldier and a just sovereign.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just last week Proyas was quoted by Techland on what appeals to him about the project: Why I’m so intrigued by this story… is ...
  • Exclusive: Sam Worthington To Topline Universal's Dracula: Year Zero? - Movies 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC showhype.com [Source type: General]

.Stories of atrocities tend to seem to be justified as the actions of a strong ruler.^ He arrested Vlad and used a forged letter where Vlad announced his loyalty to the Sultan, as well as the horror stories about Vlad, to justify his actions to the Pope.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also tales about atrocities but even most of them seem to be justified as the actions of a strong one-man ruler.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Either way, historians note that both sides seem in agreement of the atrocities that were committed proving that these stories are certainly based upon truth.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

.Of the 19 anecdotes, only four seem to have exaggerated violence.^ Out of the 19 episodes only four seem to be exaggerated with violence.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Some elements of the anecdotes were later added to Russian stories about Ivan the Terrible of Russia.^ Some elements of the episodes of the Tale about Voivode Dracula were later added to Russian stories about Ivan IV of Russia.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 19 episodes or anecdotes in the Tale about Voivode Dracula and they are longer and more constructed than the German stories.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Author) wouldn't understand anything, maybe some legend about Romanian killing Hungarians, or who knows some exotic natzi stories.
  • There's more to Transylvania than Dracula - Europe, Travel - The Independent 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[33]
.The nationality and identity of the original writer of the anecdotes Dracula is disputed.^ The nationality and identity of the original writer of the Tale about Voivode Dracula is disputed.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two most plausible explanations are that the writer was either a Romanian priest or a monk from Transylvania, or a Romanian or Moldavian from the court of Stephen the Great in Moldova.^ The two most plausible explanations are that the writer was either a Romanian priest or a monk somewhere in Transylvania or a Romanian or Moldavian from the court of Stephen the Great in Moldova.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principality of Moldavia reached its most glorious period under the rule of Stephen the Great between 1457 and 1504.
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Middle Ages, Romanians lived in three distinct principalities: Wallachia (Romanian: Ţara Românească—"Romanian Land"), Moldavia (Romanian: Moldova) and Transylvania.
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One theory claims the writer was a Russian diplomat named Fyodor Kuritsyn.^ One theory is also that the writer would have been a Russian diplomat named Fedor Kuritsyn but it is very unlikely that we can find a name to the real writer of the Tale.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Russian source claims that he was mistaken by one of his own men for a Turk and consequently killed.

[34]

Vampire legend

.It is most likely that Bram Stoker found the name for his vampire from William Wilkinson's book, An Account of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia: with various Political Observations Relating to Them.^ Most people are familiar with Bram Stoker's infamous book - Dracula.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

^ It is most likely that Bram Stoker found the name for his vampire from William Wilkinsons book called An Account of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia: with various Political Observations Relating to Them.

^ Dracula by Bram Stoker is a good book.
  • Midnight Zines Cafe 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: General]

.It is known that Stoker made notes about this book.^ It is known that Stoker made notes about this book.

^ She places Bram Stoker's book about Dracula on the table.
  • Dracula 3: The Path of the Dragon walkthrough 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC the-spoiler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is known that Stoker made notes about this book.It is also suggested by some that because Stoker was a friend of a Hungarian professor (Arminius Vambery/Hermann Bamberger/Ármin Vámbéry) from Budapest, Vlad's name might have been mentioned by this friend.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .It is also suggested by some that because Stoker was a friend of a Hungarian professor (Ármin Vámbéry) from Budapest, Vlad's name might have been mentioned by this friend.^ Stoker was friends with a Hungarian professor from Buda-Pest and many have suggested that Dracula's name might have been mentioned by this friend.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Stoker was friends with a Hungarian professor from Budapest, and many have suggested that Draculea's name might have been mentioned by this friend.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ It is also suggested by some that because Stoker was a friend of a Hungarian professor (Arminius Vambery/Hermann Vamberger) from Budapest, Vlad's name might have been mentioned by this friend.

.Regardless of how the name came to Stoker's attention, the cruel history of the Impaler would have readily lent itself to Stoker's purposes.^ Regardless of how the name came to Stoker's attention, the cruel history of the Impaler would have readily lent itself to Stoker's purposes.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regardless of how the name came to Stoker's attention the cruel history of the Impaler would have readily loaned itself to Stoker's purposes.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To begin with, Bram Stoker found the name for his vampire in the Romanian history in a man called Vlad III as you might know, this character’s name came to Stoker’s attention and his cruel history would lend itself to Stoker’s purposes.
  • English World » “DRACULA The Vampire” 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.clermont.edu.co [Source type: Original source]

.However, recent research suggests that Stoker actually knew little about the Prince of Wallachia.^ Recent research suggests that Stoker knew little of the Prince of Wallachia.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Recent research suggests that Stoker knew little about the Prince of Wallachia.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most books about vampires are well-researched in the sense that they reference actual historical events.
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

[35]
.The legend of the vampire was and still is deeply rooted in that region.^ The legend of the vampire was and still is deeply rooted in that region.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The legend of the vampire was and still is deeply rooted in the Balkan region.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The legendary vampire was and still is deeply rooted in that region.

.There have always been vampire-like creatures in various stories from across the world.^ There have always been vampire-like creatures in various stories from across the world.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There have always been vampire-like creatures in the mythologies of many cultures.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm always fascinated by stories like this one.

.However, the vampire, as he became known in Europe, largely originated in Southern Slavic folklore – although the tale is absent in Romanian culture.^ However, the vampire, as he became known in Europe, largely originated in Southern Slavic and Greek folklore — although the tale is virtually absent in Romanian culture.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [French, from German Vampir, of Slavic origin.

^ However, the vampire, as he became kn own in Europe and hence America, largely originated in the Slavic and Greek lands of eastern Europe.

.A veritable epidemic of vampirism swept through Eastern Europe beginning in the late 17th century and continuing through the 1700s.^ A veritable epidemic of vampirism swept through Eastern Europe beginning in the late 17th century and continuing through the 1700s.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A veritable epidemic of vampirism swept through Eastern Europe beginning in the late seventeenth century and continuing through the eighteenth century.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A veritable epidemic of vampirism swept through eastern Europe beginning in the late seventeenth century and continuing through the eighteenth century.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.The number of reported cases rose dramatically in Hungary and the Balkans.^ The number of reported cases rose dramatically in Hungary and the Balkans.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of reported cases of vampirism rose dramatically in Hungary and the Balkans.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of reported cases of (sic) rose dramatically in the Hungary (sic) and the Balkans.

.From the Balkans, the "plague" spread westward into Germany, Italy, France, England, and Spain.^ From the Balkans, the "plague" spread westward into Germany, Italy, France, England, and Spain.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the Balkans the plague spread westward into Germany, Italy, France, England and Spain.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Origin of the Romanians began to be discussed and in Transylvania and Romanian scholars began studying in France, Italy and Germany.
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Travelers returning from the Balkans brought with them tales of the undead, igniting an interest in the vampire that has continued to this day.^ Travelers returning from the Balkans brought with them tales of the undead, igniting an interest in the vampire that has continued to this day.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Travellers returning from the Balkans brought with them tales of the undead, igniting an interest in the vampire that has continued to this day.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The tales of these "vampires" were brought in and relished with an absolute passion.

.Philosophers in the West began to study the phenomenon.^ Philosophers in the West began to study the phenomenon.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

.It was during this period that Ludovico Fatinelli wrote his famous treatise on vampirism in Hungary.^ It was during this period that Don Augustin Calmet wrote his famous treatise on vampirism in Hungary.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was during this period that Dom Augustin Calmet wrote his famous treatise on vampirism in Hungary.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It was during this period that Dom Augustine Calmet wrote his famous treatise on vampirism in Hungary.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was also during this period that authors and playwrights first began to explore the vampire legend.^ It was also during this period that authors and playwrights first began to explore the vampire legend.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was also during this period that authors and playwrights first began to explore the vampire myth.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It was also during this period that authors and playwrights(sic,sp?

.Stoker's novel was merely the culminating work of a long series of works that were inspired by the reports coming from the Balkans and Hungary.^ Stokers novel was merely the culminating work of a long series of works that were inspired by the reports coming from the region.
  • VLAD TEPES - The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.donlinke.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Stoker's novel was merely the culminating work of a long series of works that were inspired by the reports coming from the Balkans and Hungary.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad III is perhaps most commonly known for inspiring the name of the vampire in Bram Stoker’s 1897 novel Dracula.
  • Exclusive: Sam Worthington To Topline Universal's Dracula: Year Zero? - Movies 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC showhype.com [Source type: General]

.Given the history of the vampire legend in Europe, it is perhaps natural that Stoker should place his great vampire in the heart of the region that gave birth to the story.^ Given the history of the vampire myth in Europe it is perhaps natural that Stoker should place his great vampire in the heart of the heart of the region that gave birth to the myth.

^ Given the history of the vampire legend in Europe, it is perhaps natural that Stoker should place his great vampire in the heart of the region that gave birth to the story.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given the history of the vampire myth in Europe it is perhaps natural that Stoker should place his great vampire in the heart of the region that gave birth to the myth.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.Once Stoker had determined on a locality, Vlad Dracula would stand out as one of the most notorious rulers of the selected region.^ Once Stoker had determined on a locality Vlad Dracula would stand out as one of the most notorious rulers of the selected region.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Once Stoker had determined on a locality, Vlad Dracula would stand out as one of the most notorious rulers of the selected region.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once Stoker had determined on a locality Vlad Draculea would stand out as one of the most notorious rulers of the selected region.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.He was obscure enough that few would recognize the name and those who did would know him for his acts of brutal cruelty; Dracula was a natural candidate for vampirism.^ He was obscure enough that few would recognize the name and those who did would know him for his acts of brutal cruelty; Dracula was a natural candidate for vampirism.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Of those who come, few will be chosen.
  • Dracula 3: The Path of the Dragon walkthrough 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC the-spoiler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He uses his own name among the people who know him.
  • Vlad the Impaler: Where is he now? 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC hamsterrepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

Romanian attitudes

.Romanian folklore and literature, on the other hand, paints Vlad Ţepeş as a hero.^ Făt-Frumos (from Romanian făt: son, infant; frumos: beautiful) is a knight hero in Romanian folklore mythology, usually present in fairy tales.
  • Romanian Folklore & Traditions 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.restromania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other observations: The father of Vlad Tepes (Dracula) was Vlad Dracu (Drac in the old Romanian was equivalent to dragon).
  • There's more to Transylvania than Dracula - Europe, Travel - The Independent 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ None-the-less, Vlad Dracula was a "hero" to some, villain and monster to many others.

.His reputation in his native country as a man who stood up to both foreign and domestic enemies gives him the virtual opposite symbolism of Stoker's vampire.^ His favorite weapon being the stake, coupled with his reputation in his native country as a man who stood up to both foreign and domestic enemies, gives Dracula the virtual opposite symbolism of Bram Stoker's vampire.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His favorite weapon being the stake, coupled with his reputation in his native country as a man who stood up to both foreign and domestic enemies, gives him the virtual opposite symbolism of Stoker's vampire.
  • Dracula or Vlad III the Impaler - The Apricity Forum: Cultural & Ethnic European Preservation 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.theapricity.com [Source type: General]

^ His favorite weapon being the stake, coupled with his reputation in his native country as a man who stood up to both foreign and domestic "bloodsuckers," gives Draculea the virtual opposite symbolism of Bram Stoker's vampire.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

In Romania he is considered one of the greatest leaders in the country's history, and was voted one of "100 Greatest Romanians" in the "Mari Români" television series aired in 2006.
.A contemporary portrait of Vlad III, rediscovered by Romanian historians in the late 19th century, had been featured in the gallery of horrors at Innsbruck's Ambras Castle.^ His famous contemporary portrait, rediscovered by Romanian historians in the late 19th century, had been featured in the gallery of horrors at Innsbruck's Ambras Castle.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in the 15th century, realizing the potential for a castle perched high on a steep precipice of rock, Vlad III the Impaler repaired and consolidated the structure, making it one of his main fortresses.
  • Top 10 Spooky Travel Destinations - Listverse 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Vlad was a prince of Wallachia (a Romanian province), where his main castle lies now in ruins.
  • Suicidal Angels :: Thrash 'Till Death 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.suicidalangels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This original has been lost to history, but a larger copy, painted anonymously in the latter half of the sixteenth century, now hangs in the same gallery[1][2].^ However, this original has been lost to history, but a larger copy, painted anonymously in the latter half of the sixteenth century, now hangs in the same gallery[1][2].
  • Dracula or Vlad III the Impaler - The Apricity Forum: Cultural & Ethnic European Preservation 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.theapricity.com [Source type: General]

^ The last significant adaptations took place in the second half of 17th century, when the original broken silhouette nearly disappeared.
  • Old castles, fortresses & forts [Archive] - Military Photos 25 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stories in Dracula Lives, as well as the extensive history narrative from Tomb of Dracula II#3/2 dated the beginning of Dracula and Cagliostro's enmity began in the latter half of the 18th Century.
  • Dracula (Transylvania, Lord of the Vampires) 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.marvunapp.com [Source type: Original source]

.This copy, unlike the all the cryptoportraits contemporary with Vlad III, seems to have given him a Habsburg lip, although he was not a member of the Habsburg lineage.^ Vlad III seems to have had three brothers.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Around Easter of 1459, Vlad had all the boyar families arrested and impaled the elder members on stakes while forcing the others to march from the capital to the town of Poenari.
  • Recreation Office » Education Online 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC recreationoffice.com [Source type: General]

^ And although they all have hooked noses, Radu is the only one That has a small nose, not only that, but Radu is the only one who inherited his mother's beautiful Baby blue eyes, unlike Vlad his father and older brother who have brown eyes.
  • The Abomination: Blog MySpace | de Abner Cologne 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.His image in modern Romanian culture clashes with foreign perceptions.^ Modern Romanian culture emerged and developed over roughly the last 250 years under a strong influence from Western culture, particularly French and German culture.
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is the last part of a rather popular 19th century poem by Mihai Eminescu, "Scrisoarea a III-a", that helped turn Vlad's image into modern legend, by having him stand as a figure to contrast with presumed social decay under the Phanariotes and the political scene of the 19th century (even suggesting that Vlad's violent methods be applied as a cure).^ Tepes' image in modern Romanian culture has been established in reaction to foreign perceptions: while Stoker's book did a lot to generate outrage with nationalists, it is the last part of a rather popular previous poem by Mihai Eminescu, Scrisoarea a III-a, that helped turn Vlad's image into modern legend, by having him stand as a figure to contrast with presumed social decay under the Phanariotes and the political scene of the 19th century (even suggesting that Vlad's violent methods be applied as a cure).
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These stories have led to comparisons with Vlad III the Impaler, on whom the fictional Count Dracula is partly based, and to modern nicknames of the Blood Countess and Countess Dracula.
  • Watch This Space: August 2009 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.tauycreek.com [Source type: General]

^ The name of late 19th-century novelist Bram Stoker’s fictional vampire, Dracula, was inspired by a real historical figure: Vlad III (aka Vlad the Impaler ), Prince of Wallachia, born in Transylvania in the 15th century.

.Notably though, the first author to depict Vlad as a Romanian heroic character was a Transylvanian who probably never travelled to Wallachia, Ioan Budai-Deleanu.^ Bram Stoker's character was originally going to be called Count Wampyr until his research in Romanian culture and cuisine led him to the legend of Vlad III Draculea of Wallachia.
  • Worst physical pain [Archive] - Offspring.com Forums 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.offspring.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad was a prince of Wallachia (a Romanian province), where his main castle lies now in ruins.
  • Suicidal Angels :: Thrash 'Till Death 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.suicidalangels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During his time as a "distinguished prisoner" before being fully pardoned and allowed to reconquer Wallachia, Vlad was hailed as a Christian hero by visitors from all over Europe.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dracula or Vlad III the Impaler - The Apricity Forum: Cultural & Ethnic European Preservation 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.theapricity.com [Source type: General]

.Around 1800 he wrote a Romanian epic heroicomic poem, "Ţiganiada", in which prince Vlad Ţepeş stars as a fierce warrior fighting the Ottomans.^ One famous ruler in this period was Vlad III the Impaler (also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad Ţepeş, IPA: ['tsepeʃ]), Prince of Wallachia in 1448, 1456–62, and 1476.
  • Romania - un knol de QuadroQ 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad was a prince of Wallachia (a Romanian province), where his main castle lies now in ruins.
  • Suicidal Angels :: Thrash 'Till Death 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.suicidalangels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Back to the throne in 1476 with the help of Stefan cel Mare (the ruler of Moldavia), Vlad resumes his fights against the ottomans.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]

.Well in advance of Romanian literature at that time, this work, unlike Eminescu's, remained unpublished and ignored for a century, and did not exert any influence.^ The purpose of the stories soon changed from propaganda to literature and became very popular, best-sellers of their time, in the German world in the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was during that time that he was introduced to Surrealist literature and completed his first Surrealist work titled "Blood is Sweeter than Honey".
  • Roman Officer Ancient Miniature Art 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.romanofficer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kind of slow at times, but the silent movie like pace and theme works well.

.All accounts of his life describe him as ruthless, but only the ones originating from his Saxon detractors paint him as sadistic or insane.^ All accounts of his life describe him as unrepentantly ruthless, but only the ones originating from his Saxon detractors paint him as exceptionally sadistic or somehow insane.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But Dracula was a human vampire that only kill, feed, and the people feel fearless toward him, and all those actions where a way to survive.
  • English World » “DRACULA The Vampire” 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.clermont.edu.co [Source type: Original source]

^ But we don't only love him as a historical character necessarily: it's as Dracula we love him the most, and then he can be as brutal as all our worst nightmares suggest.
  • Vlad the Impaler 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.These pamphlets continued to be published long after his death, though usually for lurid entertainment rather than propaganda purposes.^ These pamphlets continued to be published long after his death, though usually for lurid entertainment rather than propaganda purposes.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Romanian peasant tales state that the luckless mistress was assassinated by her suitor for infidelity, though she met a far more cruel death than Anne Boleyn.
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Next I go to Istanbul which will take me 25 hours by train to reach but I would rather take one long train ride than take two short ones.
  • Wanderings of Will 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC willmhale.com [Source type: Original source]

.It has largely been forgotten until recently that his tenacious efforts against the Ottoman Empire won him many staunch supporters in his lifetime, not just in modern day Romania but in the Kingdom of Hungary, Poland, the Republic of Venice, the Holy See, and the Balkans.^ It has largely been forgotten until recently that his tenacious efforts against the Ottoman Empire won him many staunch supporters in his lifetime, not just in modern day Romania but in the Kingdom of Hungary, Poland, the Republic of Venice, and even the Holy See, not to take into account Balkan countries.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One could say that he was stuck between a rock and a hard place, not least by having to participate, in 1443’s Hunyadic Balkan crusades against the Ottomans.
  • DeVere Biography @ dragoncourt.net 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC dragoncourt.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Corvinus had received large subsidies from Rome and Venice for the war against the Ottomans, but because of a conflict with Emperor Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire he couldn’t afford the military support for the fight.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Hungarian court chronicler reported that King Matthias "had acted in opposition to general opinion" in Hungary when he had Dracula imprisoned, and this played a considerable part in Matthias reversing his unpopular decision.^ A Hungarian court chronicler reported that King Matthias "had acted in opposition to general opinion" in Hungary when he had Dracula imprisoned, and this played a considerable part in Matthias reversing his unpopular decision.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead of receiving the assistance he expected Dracula was imprisoned by the Hungarian king.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula! 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.htc.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead of receiving the assistance he expected, Dracula was imprisoned by the Hungarian king.
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad-1 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.dracula.freeuk.com [Source type: Original source]

.During his time as a "distinguished prisoner" before being fully pardoned and allowed to reconquer Wallachia, Vlad was hailed as a Christian hero by visitors from all over Europe.^ During his time as a "distinguished prisoner" before being fully pardoned and allowed to reconquer Wallachia, Vlad was hailed as a Christian hero by visitors from all over Europe.
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad had little time to gather support before a large Ottoman army entered Wallachia determined to return Basarab to the throne.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The openly pro-Turkish policy of Vlad's brother, Radu (who was prince of Wallachia during most of Vlad's captivity), was a probable factor in Vlad's rehabilitation.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Film adaptations

.Unlike the fictional Dracula films, there have been comparatively few movies about the man who inspired the vampire.^ The name of late 19th-century novelist Bram Stoker’s fictional vampire, Dracula, was inspired by a real historical figure: Vlad III (aka Vlad the Impaler ), Prince of Wallachia, born in Transylvania in the 15th century.

^ He was obscure enough that few would recognize the name and those who did would know him for his acts of brutal cruelty; Dracula was a natural candidate for vampirism.
  • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • DRACULA Vlad Tepes (1431-1476 ) HAUNTED AMERICA TOURS 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.hauntedamericatours.com [Source type: General]
  • THE HISTORICAL DRACULA: VLAD III TEPES, 1431-1476 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.goromaniatours.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad Dracula - 2 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC roswell.fortunecity.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liberty Mill: The Historical Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC lyberty.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC homepage.ntlworld.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Vlad "Tepes" Dracula 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad in popular culture and in the media Apart from the Dracula movies, which are partially based on Vlad as well as Elizabeth Bathory, there has been comparatively fewer movies about the man who inspired the vampire.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 1975 documentary In Search of Dracula explores the legend of Vlad the Impaler.^ Vlad III Dracula was also known as Vlad the Impaler.
  • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]
  • OCCULT REVELATION OF 666, THE MARK OF THE BEASTS, SATAN'S RAPTURE,LUCIFER, DEMONOLOGY, DEVIL WORSHIP, PARAPSYCHOLOGY. The modern Dark Age,the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism, The modern Dark Agesand the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age, Looking Backward atEdward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance, the socialistHolocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, Socialist Crusades and SocialistCrusaders. The Socialist Inquisitions, The Socialist Inquisition 16 September 2009 13:36 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Vlad Ţepeş Vlad the Impaler Dracula .

^ These stories have led to comparisons with Vlad III the Impaler, on whom the fictional Count Dracula is partly based, and to modern nicknames of the Blood Countess and Countess Dracula.
  • Watch This Space: August 2009 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.tauycreek.com [Source type: General]

.He is played in the film by Christopher Lee, known for his numerous portrayals of the fictional Dracula in films ranging from the 1950s to the 1970s.^ Dracula has been the basis for countless films and plays.

^ Christopher Lee as Dracula in 1958  .
  • Dracula was a Royal Pain in the Neck! 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Christopher Lee stars in El Conde Dracula , the Spanish film adaptation of Dracula.
  • Filmografia vampirica, Dracula dalla storia al cinema, Vampiria 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.cinemedioevo.net [Source type: General]

[36]
.In 1979, a Romanian film called Vlad Ţepeş (sometimes known, in other countries, as The True Story of Vlad the Impaler) was released, based on his six-year reign and brief return to power in late 1476. The character is portrayed in a mostly positive perspective though the film also mentions the excesses of his regime and his practice of impalement.^ December 1476), more commonly known as the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad ?epe?
  • Dracula 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vlad Ţepeş Vlad the Impaler Dracula .

^ Vlad Tepes also known as Vlad the Impaler.

.The lead character is played by Ştefan Sileanu.^ The lead character is played by stefan Sileanu.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37]
.Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula, a film released in 2000, tells the life story of Vlad the Impaler mostly accurately while ending fictionally with Vlad rising from the grave and gaining eternal worldly life as well as supernatural abilities, implying that he has now become the fictional Dracula.^ Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula (2000) Dracula 2000 (2000) -- Count Dracula is once again unleashed upon the world.
  • MySpace - Prince Vlad Dracul Tepes III - 103 - Hombre - Wallachia, RO - myspace.com/vladiiidracul 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes, there was a real Dracula, and he was a true prince of darkness.

^ Dracula was the nickname of Prince Vlad III of Wallachia, also known as 'Vlad the Impaler'.
  • Worst physical pain [Archive] - Offspring.com Forums 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.offspring.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vlad is played in the film by Rudolf Martin.^ In the film, Vlad/Dracula was played by Gary Oldman, and Elisabeta/Mina was played by Winona Ryder.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 2000 movie Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula , filmed on location in Hungary and starring Rudolf Martin, attempts to portray Vlad the Impaler as a generally sympathetic, though tragic figure.
  • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Numerous film adaptations of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula and original works derived from it have incorporated Vlad the Impaler's history into the fictional Count Dracula's past, depicting them as the same person, including, among others: the 1972–1979 comic book series The Tomb of Dracula from Marvel Comics, the 1973 film Dracula, starring Jack Palance, and the 1992 film Bram Stoker's Dracula, starring Gary Oldman as Dracula, apparently making a likeness to Vlad the Impaler.^ She places Bram Stoker's book about Dracula on the table.
  • Dracula 3: The Path of the Dragon walkthrough 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC the-spoiler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most people are familiar with Bram Stoker's infamous book - Dracula.
  • welcome to my mind • Grab.com Blogs 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC blogs.grab.com [Source type: General]

^ Bar for the stench, this practice is mentioned in Bram Stoker's novel, Dracula.
  • Bran Dracula Castle 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

Popular culture

  • British alternative rock band Kasabian wrote a song titled "Vlad the Impaler" for their third album West Ryder Pauper Lunatic Asylum which was released in 2009. It served as the first single and starred Noel Fielding as Vlad in the music video.
  • There is a black metal band from France called Vlad Tepes.
  • In the Japanese manga series "Hellsing", it turns out that the main character "Alucard" is in fact Vlad III Dracula or Vlad the impaler.
  • There is a song from the hardcore band "Gravemaker" called "Vlad The Impaler".

Notes

  1. ^ a b Florescu, Radu R. and McNally, Raymond T. (1989). Dracula: Prince of many faces. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-28656-7. 
  2. ^ a b Ibid., see caption next to black and white photograph of this painting that appears in the set of illustrations between pages 74 and 75.
  3. ^ Florescu, Radu R. and McNally, Raymond T. (1989). Dracula: Prince of many faces. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-28656-7.
  4. ^ Count Dracula's Legend
  5. ^ Vlad III (ruler of Walachia)
  6. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica
  7. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Dragon#cite_note-16
  8. ^ http://www.exploringromania.com/young-dracula-childhood
  9. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruel_and_unusual_punishment
  10. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Night_Attack#cite_ref-Dracp133_11-2
  11. ^ http://www.exploringromania.com/vlad-tepes-dracula
  12. ^ a b c DRACULA: between myth and reality. by Adrian Axinte. Stanford University.
  13. ^ a b c The Night Attack
  14. ^ a b c exploringromania.com
  15. ^ Other estimates for the army include 150,000 by Michael Doukas, 250,000 by Laonicus Chalcond.
  16. ^ http://www.royalty.nu/Europe/Balkan/Dracula.html
  17. ^ a b http://www.exploringromania.com/vlad-the-impaler
  18. ^ http://www.exploringromania.com/vlad-iii-dracula
  19. ^ Raymond T. McNally, Radu Florescu (1994). In search of Dracula: the history of Dracula and vampires. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-395-65783-0.
  20. ^ http://www.exploringromania.com/impaler-death
  21. ^ Rezachevici, Constantin (2002). The Tomb of Vlad Tepes. The most probable hypothesis.. Journal of Dracula Studies, Number 4. 
  22. ^ Treptow, Kurt W. (2000). Vlad III. The Life and Times of the Historical Dracula. The .Center for Romanian Studies.^ The Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 973-98392-2-3.
     
  23. ^ http://www.exploringromania.com/vlad-tepes-punishments
  24. ^ Florescu, Radu R. (1999). Essays on Romanian History. The .Center for Romanian Studies.^ The Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 973-9432-03-4.
     
  25. ^ a b Harmening, Dieter (1983). Der Anfang von Dracula. Zur Geschichte von Geschichten.. Königshausen+Neumann. ISBN 3-88479-144-3. 
  26. ^ a b c Andreescu, Stefan (1999). Vlad the Impaler (Dracula). The Romanian Cultural Foundation Publishing House. ISBN 973-577-197-7. 
  27. ^ History of Central Europe
  28. ^ Miller, Elizabeth. (2003). "Beheim and the Dracula Connection". http://blooferland.com/drc/index.php?title=Journal_of_Dracula_Studies#Number_5_.282003.29
  29. ^ McNally, Raymond. (1982). "Origins of the Slavic Narratives about the Historical Dracula".
  30. ^ Andreescu; McNally&Florescu
  31. ^ Striedter, Jurij. (1961). "Die Erzählung vom walachisen Vojevoden Drakula in der russischen und deutschen Überlieferung".
  32. ^ Andreescu; McNally & Florescu
  33. ^ Perrie, Maureen. (1987). "The Image of Ivan the Terrible in Russian folklore".
  34. ^ Andreescu, McNally
  35. ^ a b Miller, Elizabeth (2000). Dracula: Sense & Nonsense. Desert Island Books Limited. ISBN 1-874287-24-4. 
  36. ^ Vem var Dracula? [In Search of Dracula] (1975) The Internet Movie Database
  37. ^ Vlad Tepes IMDB page

References

.
  • Florescu, Radu R.; McNally, Raymond T. (1989).^ Following the publication of "In Search of Dracula" by Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally in 1972, the supposed connections between the historical Vlad III Dracul of Wallachia and Bram Stoker's fictional Dracula attracted popular attention.
    • Romanian Folklore & Traditions 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.restromania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ According to genealogical research conducted by historians Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally (published in their 1989 book Dracula: Prince of Many Faces ), the Romanian male line died out in 1632.
    • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Florescu, Radu & Raymond McNally.

    .Dracula: Prince of Many Faces.^ According to genealogical research conducted by historians Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally (published in their 1989 book Dracula: Prince of Many Faces ), the Romanian male line died out in 1632.
    • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Bram Stoker's Dracula Dracula, Prince of Many F...
    • Dracula was a Royal Pain in the Neck! 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For more authoritative sources try the book that made Vlad a star In Search of Dracula: The History of Dracula and Vampires , by Radu Florescu and Raymond T. McNally, or Florescu and McNally’s other Vlad book Dracula, Prince of Many Faces: His Life and His Times .
    • http://curiousexpeditions.org/?paged=7 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC curiousexpeditions.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Little Brown and Company.^ Little Brown and Company.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1989, 261 pp.

    .ISBN 0-316-28655-9. 
  • Florescu, Radu R.; McNally, Raymond T. (1994).^ According to genealogical research conducted by historians Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally (published in their 1989 book Dracula: Prince of Many Faces ), the Romanian male line died out in 1632.
    • VAMPIRES, PSYCHIC VAMPIRISM, VAMPYRES DRACULAS DEMONS WARLOCKS WITCHESCANNIBALISM HEMATOPHAGY CORPSES INQUISITIONS MONSTERS SUPERNATURAL OCCULT.The modern Dark Age, the Dark Age of Socialism, the Dark Ages of Socialism,The modern Dark Ages and the Socialist Dark Ages, The Socialist Dark Age,Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance,the socialist Holocaust, Wholecaust, & Wholecost, The Socialist Inquisitions,The Socialist Inquisition, Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism,Industrial Army, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula IMDB page References * Florescu, Radu R.; McNally, Raymond T. (1989).
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In Search of Dracula by Raymond T. McNally and Radu Florescu introduces Vlad the Impaler-Dracula, to the world of contemporary vampire fans.
    • Filmografia vampirica, Dracula dalla storia al cinema, Vampiria 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.cinemedioevo.net [Source type: General]

    In Search of Dracula. Houghton Mifflin. .ISBN 0-395-65783-0. 
  • Treptow, Kurt W. (2000).^ ISBN 0-395-65783-0.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Treptow, Kurt W. (2000).
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Vlad III Dracula: The Life and Times of the Historical Dracula.^ These stories have led to comparisons with Vlad III the Impaler, on whom the fictional Count Dracula is partly based, and to modern nicknames of the Blood Countess and Countess Dracula.
    • Watch This Space: August 2009 17 January 2010 14:52 UTC www.tauycreek.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Alternately, you can find a more recent version of her treatment, though also more traditional in layout, at her SacroSanctum web-site, entitled " The Life of Vlad IV Dracula ".
    • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MLW ) Under this interpretation Vlad II Dracul becomes Vlad II, the Dragon and his son, Vlad III Dracula, becomes Vlad III, the Son of the Dragon.
    • The Historical Dracula - An Essay by Ray Porter (c)1992 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.eskimo.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Center for Romanian Studies.^ The Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Center for Romanian Studies.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 973-98392-2-3. 
  • Babinger, Franz (1992).^ Babinger, Franz (1992).
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ISBN 973-98392-2-3.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time.^ Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Princeton University Press.^ Princeton University Press.
    • Dracula, prince of Wallachia - inventions-license.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.inventions-license.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0691010786. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Vladislav II
Prince of Wallachia
1448
Succeeded by
Vladislav II
Preceded by
Vladislav II
Prince of Wallachia
1456–1462
Succeeded by
Radu cel Frumos
Preceded by
Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân
Prince of Wallachia
1476
Succeeded by
Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân

External links


Simple English

File:Vlad Tepes
Vlad III the Impaler


Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia, more commonly known as Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş 'tsepeʃ in Romanian, also known as Vlad Dracula or Vlad Drăculea and Kazıklı Bey in Turkish, born probably in November or December, 1431 – December 1476) was Prince (voievod) of Wallachia. Wallachia used to be a state which is now part of Romania. He ruled three times, in 1448, 1456-1462, and 1476.

In the English-speaking world, Vlad is best known for the legends of the very cruel punishments he gave. These may have given ideas for the vampire main character in Bram Stoker's popular Dracula novel.[needs proof]

As Prince, he was fighting against the Turkish expansion.

Contents

Wallachian royalty and family background

The rulers of Wallachia did not give the crown to their sons. The leader was chosen by the Romanian aristocrats, boyars, and had to be at least partly noble. It did not matter if a prince was illegitimate, or born outside of marriage. This method often resulted in instability, family disputes and murders. There was also a struggle between the prince and the high nobility for control over the country. The two powerful neighbors of Wallachia, the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, ( the Turks) were fighting for control of southeastern Europe. This made Wallachia a battle ground.

His father, Vlad II Dracul, born around 1395, was an illegitimate son of Mircea the Elder, an important early Wallachian ruler. As a young man, he had joined the court of Sigismund of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary, who was supporting Vlad II for the throne of Wallachia. A sign of this support was the fact that in 1431 Vlad II was made knight of the Order of the Dragon (Societas Draconis in Latin). Who Vlad Dracula’s mother was is not sure. Most likely she was a niece or daughter of the Moldavian prince Alexandru cel Bun. Vlad III had three brothers. The oldest, probably named Mircea, born before 1430, was at his father's throne in 1442. He was sent by Vlad II to fight in his place during the war against the Turks in 1444. This war at Varna was lost. Mircea and his father died in 1447. Vlad IV, also known as Vlad Călugarul (Vlad the Monk), was born around 1425 to 1430, and was Vlad's half-brother. Vlad the Monk spent many years in Transylvania waiting for a chance to get the throne of Wallachia. Vlad the Monk was a monk until he became prince of Wallachia in 1482. Radu, known as Radu cel Frumos (Radu the Handsome), the youngest brother, was also Vlad’s most important rival as he continuously tried to replace Vlad on the throne. He had the support of the Turks, which he had strong connections. Radu also was favoured by the Turkish Sultan Mehmed II.

From his first marriage, Vlad III had a son, later prince of Wallachia as Mihnea cel Rău, Mihnea the Evil. His first wife, whose name we do not know, died during the war 1462. The legend says that the Turkish army surrounded Vlads castle, the Poienari Castle, led by his brother Radu the Handsome. Vlad's wife throw herself off the tower into the Argeş River below the castle. According to legend she remarked that she "would rather have her body be eaten by the fish of the Argeş than be captured by the Turks." Vlad had another two sons with his second wife, a relative of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.

Biography

Early years

Vlad was very likely born in the city of Sighişoara in Transylvania, then a part of the Kingdom of Hungary, during the winter of 1431. Sighişoara was a military fortress at that time. He was born as the second son to his father Vlad Dracul. He had an older brother Mircea and a younger brother Radu, the Handsome. Although his native country was Wallachia, the family lived in exile in Transylvania, because his father had been chased away by pro-Ottoman boyars.

A hostage of the Ottoman Empire

Vlad's father was under considerable political pressure from the (Turkish) Ottoman sultan. He gave a promise to be the vassal of the Sultan and gave up his two younger sons as hostages so that he would keep his promise.

Vlad suffered much at the hands of the Ottoman, and was locked up in an underground prison; however, his younger brother, Radu, caught the eye of the sultan's son. Radu was released and converted to Islam, and he was allowed into the Ottoman royal court.

These years had a great influence on Vlad. They shaped Vlad's character. He was often whipped and beaten by the Turks for being stubborn and rude. He developed a well-known hatred for Radu and for Mehmed, who would later become the sultan.

Short reign and exile

Vlad's father and Vlad's older brother Mircea was dead at this point. The Turks invaded Wallachia and the Sultan put Vlad III on the throne as his puppet ruler. His rule at this time was short; Hunyadi invaded Wallachia and chased him away the same year. Vlad fled to Moldavia and was put under the protection of his uncle, Bogdan II.

War

Bogdan was assassinated. Vlad took a chance and fled to Hungary. Impressed by Vlad's knowledge of the Ottoman Empire Hunyadi pardoned him and took him in as an adviser. Later Hunyadi made him the Kingdom of Hungary's candidate for the throne of Wallachia.

In 1456, Hungary invaded Serbia to chase away the Turks, and at the same time Vlad III invaded Wallachia. Both invasions were successful. Hunyadi suddenly died of the plague. Vlad became prince of Wallachia.

Main reign (1456–62)

Vlad was spending most of his time at the court of Târgovişte. He made laws, met foreign ambassadors, made public appearances and juged trials. He reinforced some castles and probably enjoyed hunting with his friends. The constant state of war since the death of his grandfather Mircea the Elder in 1418, led to increased crime levels and less agricultural production. Trade had almost disappeared in Wallachia.

Vlad tried to solve these problems with severe methods. He needed an economically stable country.

Vlad wanted to eliminate all threats to his power, mainly the rival nobility groups, for example the boyars. This was done mainly by killing them and reducing the economic role of them.

The Wallachian nobility had connections with the Saxon merchants. The Saxons populated the free towns of Transylvania, making trade to flourish. Vlad was eliminating these towns trade privileges with Wallachia and he started war against them.

The he gave key positions in the Prince’s Council to obscure individuals, but who manifested loyalty towards Vlad. Vlad preferred to knight men from the free peasants. Vlad III was always on guard against the Dăneşti clan. Some of his attacks into Transylvania may have been efforts to kill or capture Dăneşti princes. Several members of the Dăneşti clan died at Vlad's hands. Rumors say that thousands of citizens of the free towns that sheltered his rivals were impaled by Vlad. One captured Dăneşti prince was forced to read his own funeral speech while he kneeled before an open grave before his execution.

Personal crusade

There was a war between the Ottoman Empire and the Hungarian Kingdom. Following family traditions, Vlad decided to side with the Hungarians. To the end of the 1450s there was once again talk about a war against the Turks, in which the king of Hungary, Matthias Corvinus would play the main role. Knowing this, Vlad stopped paying money to the Ottoman in 1459 and around 1460 made a new alliance with Corvinus. The Turks did not like this and tried to remove him from power but they failed. In the winter of 1461 Vlad attacked and devastated the area between Serbia and the Black Sea, leaving over 20,000 people dead.

In response to this the Sultan Mehmed II headed towards Wallachia with an army of 60,000 men in the spring of 1462. With his army of 20,000-30,000 men Vlad was not able to stop the Turks from entering Wallachia. The Turks occupied the capital Târgovişte (June 4, 1462) and chased Vlsad away. Vlad was hiding and made small attacks on the Turks. On the night of June 16, Vlad and some of his men entered the main Turkish camp, wearing Turkish clothing and attempted to kill Mehmed. Later the Turkish army retired and left Vlad’s brother, Radu the Handsome, as the new ruler prince. Radu the Handsome gathered support from the nobility and Vlad fled to Transylvania. In August 1462 Radu made a deal with the Hungarian Crown.

In captivity

Vlad escaped to Hungaria but he got imprisoned there. The exact time of Vlad's captivity is not sure. Apparently his imprisonment was not too dangerous. He was able to gradually win his way back into the graces of King Matthias. He was able to meet and marry a member of the royal family (the cousin of King Matthias), however some believe that it is not likely that a prisoner was permitted to marry into the royal family. He had two sons with his new wife. Vlad also adopted Catholicism. Diplomatic correspondence from Buda during this time show that Vlad's actual period of imprisonment was short.

The openly pro-Turkish policy of Vlad's brother, Radu was probably a cause in Vlad's rehabilitation. It is interesting to note that the Russian texts, normally very favorable to Vlad Ţepeş, tells that even in captivity he could not give up his favorite games; he often captured birds and mice which he to tortured and mutilate, some were impaled on tiny spears.

The years before his final release in 1474 (when he began preparations for the reconquest of Wallachia), Vlad lived with his new wife in a house in the Hungarian capital. His sons were about ten years old when he reconquered Wallachia in 1476.

Return to Wallachia and death

Around 1475 Vlad and Stefan Báthory of Transylvania invaded Wallachia with a mixed force of Transylvanians, some dissatisfied Wallachian boyars, and Moldavians sent by Prince Stephen III of Moldavia, Vlad's cousin. Vlad's brother, Radu the Handsome, died a couple of years earlier and had been replaced on the Wallachian throne by another Turkish candidate, Prince Basarab the Elder, a member of the Dăneşti clan. When Vlad's army arrived, Prince Basarabs army fled, some to the Turks, others in the mountains. After placing Vlad Ţepeş on the throne, Stephen Báthory and his forces returned to Transylvania, leaving Vlad in a very weak position. Vlad had little time to get support before a large Turkish army entered Wallachia to put back Prince Basarab on the throne. Vlad's cruelties over the years made the boyars to believe that they had a better chance to survive under Prince Basarab. Even the peasants, tired of the cruelty of Vlad, abandoned him. Vlad had to meet the Turks with the small forces at his disposal, less than four thousand men.

There are several variants of Vlad III the Impaler's death. Some sources say he was killed in battle against the Turks near Bucharest in December of 1476. Others say he was killed by disloyal Wallachian boyars in the war against the Turks, or during a hunt. Others believe Vlad was killed in the war, surrounded by the bodies of his loyal Moldavian bodyguards. Still other reports claim that Vlad was accidentally killed by one of his own men. Vlad's body was decapitated by the Turks and his head was sent to Istanbul preserved in honey. The sultan had it displayed on a stake as proof that Kazıklı Bey was dead. The exact place of his grave is unknown.

Legacy

]] Romanian tales and legends about Vlad stayed a part of folklore among the Romanian peasants. By constant retelling they have become confused and created an ideal picture of a big national hero. Among the Romanian peasants, Vlad Ţepeş was sometimes remembered as a prince who defended his country. But the Romanian tales also remember Vlad as a very cruel and often capricious ruler. There are several events that are common to all tales. There is a tale about some foreign ambassadors received by Vlad Ţepeş at Târgovişte and all versions agree that Vlad, in response to some real or imagined insult, (perhaps because they refused to remove the hats in Vlad's presence), had their hats nailed to their heads.

A good description of Vlad Dracula survives courtesy of Nicholas of Modrussa, who wrote:

He was not very tall, but very stocky and strong, with a cruel and terrible appearance, a long straight nose, distended nostrils, a thin and reddish face in which the large wide-open green eyes were enframed by bushy black eyebrows, which made them appear threatening. His face and chin were shaven but for a moustache. The swollen temples increased the bulk of his head. A bull's neck supported the head, from which black curly locks were falling to his wide-shouldered person.

His famous portrait, was rediscovered in the late 1800s, in the gallery of horrors at Innsbruck's Ambras Castle.

Cruelty

Vlad III Ţepeş has been characterized by some, as very cruel. Impalement was Ţepeş's preferred method of torture and execution. His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim's legs as a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body.

Vlad often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns. The most common pattern was a ring outside of a city that was his target. The height of the spear indicated the rank of the victim. The corpses were often left there for months.

Some say that thousands of people were impaled at a single time. One such tale says 10,000 were impaled in the Transylvanian city of Sibiu (where Vlad the Impaler had once lived) in 1460. Another tale says that on Saint Bartholomew's Day (in August), Vlad the Impaler had 30,000 of the merchants and officials of the free Transylvanian city of Braşov impaled. One of the most famous woodcuts of the period shows Vlad the Impaler feasting amongst a forest of stakes outside Braşov, while a nearby executioner cuts apart other victims.

Impalement was Vlad the Impaler's favorite but, not his only method of torture. The list of tortures include: nails in heads, cutting off of limbs, strangulation, burning, cutting off of noses and ears, mutilation of sexual organs (especially in the case of women), scalping, skinning, exposure to the elements or to animals, and boiling alive. No one was immune to Vlad the Impaler's attentions. His victims included women and children, peasants and great lords, ambassadors from foreign powers and merchants. However, the vast majority of his European victims came from the merchants and boyars of Transylvania and his own country, Wallachia. Many have tried to justify Vlad's actions on the basis of nationalism. Most of the merchants in Transylvania and Wallachia were the German speaking Saxons who were seen as bad people because they were not Romanians. He saw the boyars as people who were not loyal (Vlad's own father and older brother were murdered by boyars).

Almost as soon as he came to power, he gave a party for his boyars and their families to celebrate Easter. Vlad was aware that many of these nobles were part of the conspiracy around his father's death. Vlad, to revenge his fathers death, had all the assembled nobles arrested. The older boyars were impaled on the spot. The younger nobles and their families were marched north from Târgovişte to the ruins of Poienari Castle in the mountains above the Argeş River. The boyars and their families were forced to work for months rebuilding the old castle. According to the reports, they worked until the clothes fell off their bodies, and then were forced to continue working naked. Very few survived the building of Vlad's castle. Vlad Ţepeş is believed to committed even more impalements and other tortures against the Turkish forces. It was reported that an invading Ottoman army turned back when they saw thousands of rotting corpses impaled on the banks of the river Danube. It has also been said that in 1462 Mehmed II, returned to Constantinople after being sickened by the sight of 20,000 impaled corpses outside of Vlad's capital of Târgovişte. Many of the victims were Turkish prisoners of war.

Anecdotal evidence

Much of the information we have about Vlad III Ţepeş comes from pamphlets (texts) published in the Holy Roman Empire and texts written in Russian. The first known German texts dates from 1488 and it is possible that some were printed during Vlad’s lifetime. The texts were also a form of mass entertainment in a society where the printing press was new. The texts were reprinted many times over the thirty years following Vlad's death. The German texts painted Vlad Ţepeş as someone who terrorized the land and killed innocents. The Russian texts took a somewhat different view. The princes of Muscovy were also having trouble with boyars. They preferred to see Vlad's actions as justified. Despite the differences in interpretation, the texts, regardless of their land of origin, agree on details. This make most historians to believe that some events actually occurred.

Vlad's cruelty against his own people of Wallachia were seen as attempts to make them behave better. According to the texts, he was particularly cruel against women. Young unmarried girls who lost their virginity, unfaithful wives, and widows who had sex were all targets of Vlad's cruelty. Such women often had their sexual organs cut out. They were also often impaled.[needs proof] Vlad wanted his people to work hard. Merchants who cheated their customers were likely to be killed.

The vampire legend

It is unclear why Bram Stoker chose this Wallachian prince as the model for his fictional vampire.[needs proof] Stoker was a friend of a Hungarian professor (Arminius Vambery/Hermann Vamberger) from Budapest, and many have suggested that Vlad's name might have been mentioned by this friend. Regardless of how the name came to Stoker's attention, the cruel history of the Impaler was suitable for Stoker's purposes. The events of Vlad's life happened in a region of the world that was still basically medieval in Stoker's time. There have always been vampire-like creatures in various stories from across the world. However, the vampire, as he became known in Europe, largely originated in Southern Slavic and Greek folklore. The vampire tale is virtually absent in Romanian culture. A veritable epidemic of vampirism swept through Europe beginning in the late 17th century. Philosophers in the West began to study the phenomenon. It was during this period that Dom Augustine Calmet wrote his famous text on vampirism in Hungary. It was also during this period that authors and playwrights first began to explore the vampire legend. Stoker's novel was a work in a long series of works that were inspired by the reports coming from the Balkans.

Perhaps it is natural that Stoker should place his great vampire in the heart of the region that gave birth to the story.

References

  • Florescu, Radu R.; McNally, Raymond T. (1989). Dracula: Prince of Many Faces. Little Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-28655-9. 
  • Radu R., Florescu; McNally, Raymond T. (1994). In Search of Dracula. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-65783-0. 
  • Treptow, Kurt W. (2000). Vlad III Dracula: The Life and Times of the Historical Dracula. Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 973-98392-2-3. 
  • Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691010786. 

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:
Preceded by
Vladislav II
Prince of Wallachia
1448
Succeeded by
Vladislav II
Preceded by
Vladislav II
Prince of Wallachia
1456–1462
Succeeded by
Radu cel Frumos
Preceded by
Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân
Prince of Wallachia
1475–1476
Succeeded by
Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Vlad III the Impaler, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message