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Vladimir Frederiks

Count Vladimir Borisovich Frederiks or Freedericksz (1837-1924) was a Finno-Russian statesman who served as Imperial Household Minister between 1897 and 1917 under Nicholas II. He was responsible for the administration of the Imperial family's personal affairs and living arrangements, as well as the awarding of Imperial honours and medals.

Imperial Household Minister

Appointed to the Ministry at the age of 60, Frederiks established a close relationship with the Czar and the Czarina, calling them 'mes enfants' in private. He was praised in this role by the French ambassador, Maurice Paléologue, who called him 'the very personification of court life'. However, in later life he became forgetful and ill, and often fell asleep during conferences. Frederiks was a strong conservative who described the deputies of the First Duma as 'a gang of criminals'.

Later Life

After the Revolution, Frederiks lived briefly in Leningrad before being allowed to return to Finland during the last year of his life.


  • Massie, Robert K. 'Nicholas and Alexandra', Ballantine Books, New York, 1995


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