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Vladivostok (English)
Владивосток (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Vladivostok harbor.jpg
View of Vladivostok and the Golden Horn Bay
Map of Russia - Primorsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Primorsky Krai on the map of Russia
Vladivostok is located in Primorsky Krai
Location of Vladivostok on the map of Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 43°8′N 131°54′E / 43.133°N 131.9°E / 43.133; 131.9Coordinates: 43°8′N 131°54′E / 43.133°N 131.9°E / 43.133; 131.9
Vladivostok city.gif
Coat of arms
Holiday First Sunday of July[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai
In administrative jurisdiction of Primorsky Krai[citation needed]
Administrative center of Primorsky Krai[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Head[citation needed] Igor Pushkaryov[citation needed]
Representative body Duma[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 600 km2 (231.7 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2002 Census) 594,701 inhabitants[1]
Rank 23rd
- Density 991 /km2 (2,600/sq mi)[2]
Time zone VLAT/VLAST (UTC+10/+11)
Founded July 2, 1860[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 690xxx[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 4232[citation needed]
Official website http://www.vlc.ru/

Vladivostok (Russian: About this sound Владивосто́к​ ) is Russia's largest port city on the Pacific Ocean and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai. It is situated at the head of the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's border with China and North Korea. It is the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet.

Contents

Names

The name Vladivostok (Владивосток) loosely translates from Russian as "possess the East", a name similar to Vladikavkaz which means "possess the Kavkaz". In mainland China (PRC), it is known under the transliteration Fúlādíwòsītuōkè (符拉迪沃斯托克) even though its traditional Chinese name Hǎishēnwǎi (海參崴), meaning "sea cucumber cliffs", is still sometimes used in mainland China [3] and Taiwan as well.[4] The Japanese name of the city is Urajiosutoku (ウラジオストク; a rough transliteration of the Russian originally written in Kanji as 浦塩斯徳 and often shortened to Urajio; ウラジオ; 浦塩). In Korean, the name is transliterated as Beulladiboseutokeu (블라디보스토크) in South Korea, Ullajibosŭttokhŭ (울라지보스또크) in North Korea, and Beullajiboseu-ttokeu (블라지보스또크) by Koreans in China.

History

The territory on which modern Vladivostok is located had been part of many nations, such as Balhae, Jurchen, the Mongol Empire, and China, before Russia acquired the entire Maritime Province and the island of Sakhalin by the Treaty of Aigun (1858). China, which had just lost the Opium War with Britain, was unable to act to maintain the region. The Pacific coast near Vladivostok was settled mainly by the Chinese, Jurchen, Manchu and Korean during Imperial Chinese Qing dynasty period. A French whaler visiting the Zolotoy Rog in 1852 discovered Chinese or Manchu village fishermen on the shore of the bay.

The naval outpost was founded in 1859 by Count Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky, who named it after the model of Vladikavkaz, a Russian fortress in the Caucasus. An elaborate system of fortifications was erected between the 1870s and 1890s. A telegraph line from Vladivostok to Shanghai and Nagasaki was opened in 1871, the year when a commercial port was relocated to this town from Nikolayevsk-on-Amur. The municipal coat of arms, representing the Siberian tiger, was adopted in March 1883.

The city's economy was given a boost in 1903, with the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway which connected Vladivostok to Moscow and Europe. The first high school was opened in 1899. In the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution, Vladivostok was of great military importance for the Far Eastern Republic, the Provisional Priamurye Government, and the Allied intervention, consisting of foreign troops from Japan, the United States, Canada, Czechoslovakia, and other lands.[5] The taking of the city by Ieronim Uborevich's Red Army on 25 October 1922 marked the end of the Russian Civil War.

As the main naval base of the Soviet Pacific Fleet, the city was closed to foreigners during the Soviet years. Nevertheless, it was at Vladivostok that Leonid Brezhnev and Gerald Ford conducted the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks in 1974. At the time, the two countries decided quantitative limits on various nuclear weapons systems and banned the construction of new land-based ICBM launchers.

In December 2008 there were protests in Vladivostok against higher import duties on used cars with main slogan "Putin, resign!" This may be the first visible public anger at one of the government's responses to the global financial crisis. Police clad in riot gear detained some protesters as other demonstrators blocked roads, lit flares and bonfires in Sunday protests that blocked traffic in the city centre. A separate protest later blockaded the city's airport for a short period. [6]

Geography

The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 km long and approximately 12 km wide.

The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, the height of which is 257 m. Eagle's Nest Mount is often called the highest point of the city; however, with the height of only 199 m (214 m according to other sources), it is the highest point of the downtown area, but not of the whole city.

Vladivostok shares the latitude with Sapporo, Sukhumi, Almaty, Florence, Marseille, A Coruña, Boston, and Toronto.

Railroad distance to Moscow is 9,302 km. The direct distance to Moscow is 6,430 km. Direct distance to Bangkok is 5,600 km, to Darwin—6,180 km, San Francisco—8,400 km, Lisbon—10,100 km, London—8,500 km, to Seoul—750 km, to Tokyo—1,050 km, to Beijing—1,331 km.

Climate

Average precipitation and temperature
Mean annual temperature: 4.3 °C (39.7 °F)
Average temperature in January: −13.7 °C (7.3 °F)
Average temperature in August: 20.2 °C (68.4 °F)
Average annual precipitation: 722 mm (strong summer maximum)
Köppen climate classification: Dwb (monsoon-influenced humid continental climate, warm summers)


Climate data for Vladivostok
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
9.9
(50)
15.2
(59)
22.7
(73)
29.5
(85)
31.8
(89)
33.6
(92)
33.0
(91)
30.0
(86)
23.4
(74)
17.5
(64)
9.4
(49)
33.6
(92)
Average high °C (°F) -9.3
(15)
-5.9
(21)
1.2
(34)
8.8
(48)
14.2
(58)
17.0
(63)
21.1
(70)
23.3
(74)
19.6
(67)
12.9
(55)
2.9
(37)
-5.9
(21)
8.4
(47)
Average low °C (°F) -17.1
(1)
-14.0
(7)
-6.1
(21)
1.2
(34)
6.2
(43)
10.6
(51)
15.6
(60)
17.8
(64)
13.0
(55)
5.7
(42)
-4.1
(25)
-13.0
(9)
1.4
(35)
Record low °C (°F) -31.4
(-25)
-28.9
(-20)
-22.0
(-8)
-8.1
(17)
-0.8
(31)
3.7
(39)
8.8
(48)
10.1
(50)
2.2
(36)
-9.7
(15)
-23.0
(-9)
-28.1
(-19)
-31.4
(-25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
19
(0.75)
25
(0.98)
54
(2.13)
61
(2.4)
100
(3.94)
124
(4.88)
153
(6.02)
126
(4.96)
66
(2.6)
38
(1.5)
18
(0.71)
799
(31.46)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[7] 8.09.2007

Demographics

A photograph of Vladivostok from circa 1898.
A 1919 Japanese propaganda poster depicting the occupation of Vladivostok by Japan. Note the Russian flag is in a French pattern
Fokin Street in the central part of Vladivostok in March 2004
The Port of Vladivostok

The city's population was 594,701 as of the 2002 Census; down from 633,838 recorded in the 1989 Census. Ethnic Russians and Ukrainians make up the majority of the population.

From 1958 to 1991, only Soviet citizens were allowed to live in Vladivostok or visit it (and even then had to obtain an official permission). Before this closure, the city had large Korean[8] and Chinese populations.[9] Some Koreans who were deported during Stalin's rule from the Russian Far East have since returned, particularly to Vladivostok.[10]

Vladivostok has one of the largest Armenian communities in eastern Russia. There are a number of Armenian bakeries and restaurants in the city. There are also sizable communities of Chechens, Azeris and Tajiks in the city.[11] According to the latest statistics, there are currently about 100,000 Muslims living in the Russian Far East.[12]

Economy

The city's main industries are shipping, commercial fishing, and the naval base. Fishing accounts for almost four-fifths of Vladivostok's commercial production. Other food production totals 11%.

The main export items were fish, timber products, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and ships. The main import items were food products, medicine, clothing, footwear, automobiles, household technical items, and ships.

Transportation

Vladivostok railway station

The Trans-Siberian Railway was built to connect European Russia with Vladivostok, Russia's most important Pacific Ocean port. Finished in 1905, the rail line ran from Moscow to Vladivostok via several of Russia's main cities. Part of the railroad, known as the Chinese Eastern Line, crossed over into Manchuria, China, passing through Harbin, a major city in Manchuria. During the Soviet era, Vladivostok's status as a closed city meant that ferry-passenger tourists arriving from Japan to travel the Trans-Siberian railway westbound had to embark in Nakhodka. Today, Vladivostok serves as the main starting point for the Trans-Siberian portion of the Eurasian Land Bridge.

Air routes connect Vladivostok International Airport with Japan, People's Republic of China, North Korea, South Korea and Vietnam. It is possible to get to Vladivostok from several of the larger cities in Russia. Regular flights to Seattle, Washington were available in the 1990s but have been canceled since. Vladivostok Air resumed flying to Anchorage, Alaska in July 2008.

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Urban transportation

Vladivostok tram

On 28 June 1908, Vladivostok's first tram line was started along Svetlanskaya Street from the railway station in Lugovaya Street. On 9 October 1912, the first wooden cars manufactured in Belgium entered service. Today, Vladivostok's means of public transportation include trolleybus, bus, tram, train, funicular, ferryboat and cutter. The main urban traffic lines are City Center—Vtoraya Rechka, City Center—Balyayeva, and City Center—Lugovaya Street.

Education

Vladivostok is home to numerous educational institutions, including seven universities:

  • Far Eastern National University (Дальневосточный государственный университет, or ДВГУ),
  • Far Eastern State Technical University (Дальневосточный государственный технический университет имени Куйбышева or ДВГТУ),
  • Marine State University (Морской государственный университет имени адмирала Г.И. Невельского),
  • Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University (Дальневосточный государственный технический рыбохозяйственный университет or Дальрыбвтуз),
  • Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service (Владивостокский государственный университет экономики и сервиса or ВГУЭС),
  • Vladivostok State Medical University (Владивостокский государственный медицинский университет), and
  • Pacific State University of Economics (Тихоокеанский государственный экономический университет).

The Presidium of the Far Eastern Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ДВО РАН) as well as ten of its research institutes are also located in Vladivostok, as is the Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (Тихоокеанский научно-исследовательский рыбохозяйственный центр or ТИНРО).

Media

Over fifty newspapers and regional editions to Moscow publications are issued in Vladivostok. The largest newspaper of the Primorsky Krai and the whole Russian Far East is Vladivostok with a circulation of 124,000 copies at the beginning of 1996. Its founder, joint-stock company Vladivostok-News, also issues a weekly English-language newspaper Vladivostok News. Another source of information on the city is the online daily Vladivostok Times. The subjects of the publications issued in these newspapers vary from information around Vladivostok and Primorye to major international events. Newspaper Zolotoy Rog (Golden Horn) gives every detail of economic news. Entertainment materials and cultural news constitute a larger part of Novosti (News) newspaper which is the most popular among Primorye's young people. Also, new online mass media about Russian Far East for foreigners Far East Times. This source invites everyone to take part in informational support of RFE for visitors, travellers and businessmen.

As of 2006, there are fourteen channels broadcasting. They are Channel One, RTR, OTV-Prim, Rambler, STS, TNT, MTV Russia, Muz-TV, Kultura, Ren-TV, NTV, DTV Viasat.

As of 1999, there are also seven radio stations, the most popular being 24-hour VBC (612 kHz, 101.7 MHz) and Europa+ (738 kHz, 104.2 MHz). Europa+ normally broadcasts popular modern British-American music, while the ratio of Russian and foreign songs over VBC is fifty-fifty. Every hour one can hear local news over these radio stations. Radio Vladivostok (1098 kHz) operates from 06:00 till 01:00. It broadcasts several special programs which are devoted to the music of the 1950s-1980s as well as New Age.

The Russian rock band, Mumiy Troll (Мумий Тролль), hails from Vladivostok and frequently puts on shows there. In addition, the city played host to the now-legendary "VladiROCKstok" International Music Festival in September 1996. Hosted by the Mayor and Governor, and organized by two young American expatriates, the festival drew nearly 10,000 people and top-tier musical acts from St. Petersburg (Akvarium and DDT (band)) and Seattle (Supersuckers, Goodness (band)), as well as several leading local bands.[citation needed]

It is the nearest city to the massive Sikhote-Alin Meteorite, which fell on February 12, 1947, in the Sikhote-Alin Mountains, approximately 440 km northeast of Vladivostok.

Pollution

Two thirds of Vladivostok's suburbs are so polluted that living in them is classified as a health hazard, according to the local ecological specialists, Ecocenter. Some areas, such as those near the printing works in Pokrovsky Park and the Far Eastern National University campus, are so polluted that they are defined as ecological disaster zones. Only a few areas have permissible levels of contamination. Professor Boris Preobrazhensky, a top ecologist at the Pacific Institute of Geography said that there was nowhere in the area that was really healthy to live in.

The Ecocenter report has taken ten years to compile and is believed to be the most comprehensive of its kind. It was based on analysis of over 30,000 samples of water, snow, soil, air and human tissues taken between 1985 and 1993. Samples showed significant rises over that period in the levels of heavy metals, such as cadmium, zirconium, cobalt, arsenic, and mercury, which severely affect the respiratory and nervous systems.

The pollution has a number of causes, according to Ecocenter geo-chemical expert Sergey Shlykov. Vladivostok has about 80 industrial sites, which may not be many compared to Russia's most industrialized areas, but those around the city are particularly environmentally unfriendly, such as shipbuilding and repairing, power stations, printing, fur farming and mining. In addition, Vladivostok has a particularly vulnerable geography which compounds the effect of the pollution. Winds cannot clear pollution from some of the most densely populated areas around the Pervaya and Vtoraya Rechka as they sit in basins which the winds blow over. In addition, there is little snow in winter and no leaves or grass to catch the dust to make it settle down.[13]

Sports

Vladivostok is home to the football club FC Luch-Energiya Vladivostok, who play in the Russian First Division, and basketball club Spartak Primorje, who play in the Russian Basketball Super League.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Vladivostok is a sister city of:

Notable people

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Faulstich, Edith. M. "The Siberian Sojourn" Yonkers, N.Y. (1972-1977)
  • Poznyak, Tatyana Z. 2004. Foreign Citizens in the Cities of the Russian Far East (the second half of the XIX - XX centuries). Vladivostok: Dalnauka, 2004. 316 p. (ISBN 5-8044-0461-X).
  • Stephan, John. 1994. The Far East a History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. 481 p.
  • Trofimov, Vladimir et al., 1992, Old Vladivostok. Utro Rossii Vladivostok, ISBN 5-87080-004-8

Notes

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  3. ^ Example at 中国驻符拉迪沃斯托克领事办公室正式开馆 (Chinese)
  4. ^ National Institute for Compilation and Translation Academic Noun Search (Chinese)
  5. ^ Benjamin Isitt, "Mutiny from Victoria to Vladivostok, December 1918," Canadian Historical Review, 87:2 (June 2006)
  6. ^ "Car duty protests challenge Russia's Putin" REUTERS Dec 16. 2008
  7. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). http://pogoda.ru.net/climate/31960.htm. Retrieved September 8, 2007. 
  8. ^ Most Holy Mother of God, Vladivostok
  9. ^ Vladivostok
  10. ^ Coming home
  11. ^ Russian Far East: Crime Central
  12. ^ Mosque and chapel to preach tolerance – Vladivostok News
  13. ^ B. V. Preobrazhensky, A. I. Burago, S. A. Shlykov. Primorye Ecology. Ecological Situation. Contamination of Sea and Water

vladivostok is a radio station on GTA4

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Statue in Vladivostok
Statue in Vladivostok

Vladivostok [1] is a city in Russia, and serves as the eastern terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Most travelers arrive here at the end or the beginning of a trip on the Trans-Siberian; as such, allotting time to explore Vladivostok is usually an afterthought to making the next connection in the journey. But it has enough attractions and atmosphere to support a couple of days, and it'll likely be your first or last glimpse of solid ground for a while, so use it well.

Understand

Golden Horn Bay, along the south of the city center, is the home of the Russian Pacific Fleet. For that reason, Vladivostok was off-limits to foreigners during most of the Soviet era until 1992, when it was re-opened for tourism. The city center, at the edge of the water, has sweeping boulevards of ornate, century-old buildings; magnificent, decaying, and in dire need of a scrub. Further out, on the steep hills overlooking the bay, a similarly decaying group of Soviet blocks provide accommodations for most of the city's residents.

Temperature

No great mystery here — January is bitterly cold at -14 C, and August is fairly warm at +24 C. September brings the most sun and pleasant temperatures.

Get in

By train

The Trans-Siberian Railway runs between Vladivostok and Moscow, with stops in major Russian cities like Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, and Ekaterinberg. Fares are from $200 single. Trains to Harbin, China take around 30 hours and cost $50.

Vladivostok station
Vladivostok station

By boat

Mixed-use ferries run the route between Japan and Vladivostok, carrying passengers and major commercial goods (like cars and engine blocks). The Far Eastern Shipping Company (FESCO) ferries connect with the Fushiki port in Takaoka. Fares are from ¥48,400 one-way and the trip takes two nights, meals included and booze on sale to pass the time. (Don't count on many amenities, though; a ship might show a swimming pool on the deck plan, for example, but you'll find it drained to store motorcycles once you're aboard.) Ferries both ways leave on Friday evening and arrive two days later on Sunday morning. You'll need to arrive at the port a few hours early for immigration procedures, as these are done en masse with loads of Russian tourists. Schedules, prices, and tickets are available from FESCO's official agent in Japan, Business Intour Service [2], who have offices in Tokyo and Vladivostok.

There is also a service connecting Vladivostok and Sokcho, South Korea. It costs ~$200 USD and takes two days. One ship leaves Sokcho each week, on Thursday, although they become more frequent in the summer months (June-August). Another line connects Vladivostok with the Korean city of Donghae and Japanese fishing port of Sakaiminato, with the cheapest two-way fare of $380 (deck class). The Ro-Ro ferry Eastern Dream calls weekly on Tuesdays, and it takes 18 hours to reach Korea and 12 more to Japan with a 5-hour stop in Donghae. Due to the recent new law, anyone entering Russia on cruise ferries can do it without visa if the stay is no longer than 72 hours, and there are discussion to extend this practice to Russian nationals visiting Korea and Japan. Please note that Sakaiminato is a small and remote town, and access to major Japanese cities is limited (closest one is Kyoto, which is about three hours by local train, there are also planes to Tokyo and Nagoya, but they are rather expensive).

It is also possible to go anywhere in the world (and come from anywhere as well) by booking a berth on a cargo boat. Usual caveats of freighter travel apply, though (it's definitely NOT for a casual tourist), and one need to keep in mind that Russian border and customs officials aren't used to people traveling this way. The ferry port is right next to the train station, so the two are interchangeable for purposes of orientation.

By plane

Vladivostok International Airport (IATA: VVO, ICAO: UHWW) is located near Artyom, some 50 km off the city center, has two airfields with four paved runways, and is able to receive most major types of aircraft, except very large ones such as Boeing 747 or Boeing 777. The main terminal (domestic) recently underwent a major renovation, making it the most modern airport building in the Russian Far East. The international terminal, which is located just next door to domestic one (in fact, they share the same parking), is very small and usually crowded, but as Vladivostok is slated to receive the APEC summit in 2012, the planning of further upgrades are underway. Currently, the main connection from the airport to the city is via local and shuttle buses (ticket price 55 R one-way to the Vladivostok bus station), but they would be later supplemented by the newly built railroad branch.

The airport's anchor airline is Vladivostok Air [3] that serves a majority of its available domestic and international routes. It's the largest airline in the Russian Far East; it operates relatively modern fleet which primarily includes Airbus A320 and Tupolev Tu 204-300 types of aircraft and offers something like European short-haul type of service on all flights.

The busiest destination is Moscow. In average, there are 3-5 flights per day. Flights are much more frequent in summertime (June - September) due to heavy passenger traffic. It is recommended to book an itinerary at least one month in advance during that season in order to get a reasonable fare. Principal carriers to operate this route are Aeroflot Russian Airlines [4], Transaero [5], and S7 Airlines [6]. Other destinations are barely served daily, usually service is less frequent. Besides Moscow, domestic destinations include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk and many others. International flights connect Vladivostok with Beijing and Harbin in China; Niigata, Toyama and Osaka in Japan; Busan and Incheon in South Korea; Bangkok in Thailand; Hanoi in Vietnam; and Air Koryo also offers a weekly flight to Pyongyang. Korean Air [7] operates this route 5 times a week (in 2009) and offers flights from the continental US via a connection in Seoul-Incheon. Completion of the new international terminal in Haneda airport and subsequent increase in its capacity may lead to the opening of a direct scheduled flight by ANA to Tokyo, which is now served only by chartered flights to Narita airport.

Unfortunately, due to scarcity of the airlines operating from the airport a lot of destinations are monopolized and tickets are offered at exorbitant fares. For example, realizing its almost monopolistic position to offer connections, Korean Air bargains a fare starting from $800 for 1.5 hours plane ride to Seoul. Vladivostok Air [8] bargains similar extortionate prices for tickets to its Japanese destinations for the same 1.5 hours plane ride. The only real competitive destination is Moscow where a lot of airlines compete with each other, and sometimes really hot deals can be found. There are some hopes that aforementioned openings of a ferry line and additional flights may lead to increased competition and falling prices, but it remains a thing to see in the future.

By bus

There are a number of local bus routes from most suburban locations and nearby towns as well. Most places around the region are linked to Vladivostok by bus. There are also several international routes, linking Vladivostok to cities in northeastern China such as Harbin, Mudanjiang and Suifenhe. It takes about five hours to get to the city from the Chinese border, and the road goes through one of the most picturesque areas of the Russian Far East.

Get around

By public transport

Vladivostok has a wide range of transportation, from streetcars to trolleybuses to funicular railway. By far the most common is the bus, both large route buses and marshrutka shared taxis (which generally follow bus routes). Buses are extremely crowded but frequent; the fare is a flat 11 R as of 2008, paid to the driver. Hop on bus in the back and then pay the driver as you exit from the front.

Access to the outlying areas is generally best done by bus or suburban commuter train. The train station is very accessible and a great way to see neighboring cities like Khabarovsk.

By taxi

There are a number of taxi companies, and hailing one is easy. There's no meter, because most companies and freelance drivers charge a flat rate of ~300 R ($10) for one hour. The rate is usually negotiable, but not below 150 R ($5) per hour. Expect to pay at least this much for a single journey over a short distance also.

By car

Although it is the main port of used Japanese car imports in Russia, the century-old streets of Vladivostok are ill suited to heavy traffic. They are usually filled to capacity and traffic jams are common, especially in rush hours. The local driving style is also rather aggressive, and speeding, cutting off, and tailgating are widespread.

By foot

The city center is only a short walk from the train station, and most of the sights can be reached easily on foot. Aleutskaya runs north/south, passing the train station; head north to Svetlanskaya, which is the main east/west road for the city.

As much of Vladivostok is situated on steep hills, walking and bicycle access can be physically demanding. The ice and wind mostly preclude bicycle use in winter.

Arsenev Regional History Museum
Arsenev Regional History Museum

If you've arrived in Vladivostok on the Trans-Siberian, at the end of a trip that began in Moscow, head straight for Sportivnaya Harbor. The still waters of the sea will likely provide sweet relief after several days on the train. However, if you're fresh off a ferry from Japan or Korea, head up to Svetlanskaya and Ploschad Bortsov Revolutsy for a stroll to get your sea legs back. (Both destinations usually have food and drink vendors if you're famished.)

Public spaces

Russia's Pacific Fleet is parked in the waters off the coast of Vladivostok, in Golden Horn Bay. A walk along the waterfront on Korabelnaya nab offers the closest views; to get any closer, you'll have to enlist. Photographs with an average-sized camera shouldn't attract any trouble, but be mindful of your surroundings lest an enterprising police officer invent a fine for you to pay.

  • Ploschad Bortsov Revolutsy (Central Square), Svetlanskaya, between Aleutskaya and Uborevicha. This is a good place to relax and watch the locals at leisure. A pair of massive statues serve as Memorials to the Fighters for the Soviet Power in the Far East, in honor of those who brought this remote corner of Russia under Bolshevik control. Today, they're more a memorial to the power of local skateboarders. You might also have the chance to take in a protest march. The giant, strikingly ugly city administration building looms over the square.  edit
  • Sportivnaya Harbor.  edit

Museums and memorials

If you're a connoisseur of Lenin statues, don't miss the one overlooking the train station from the west, next to the post office. There are also some interesting statues heading east on Svetlanskaya, both Soviet-era and abstract.

  • Arsenev Regional History Museum, 20 Svetlanskaya St (At the intersection of Aleutskaya and Svetlanskaya), (4232) 41-40-82. Mostly a natural history museum, save for a few pieces of Stalinist kitsch and a tribute to Hollywood star and hometown hero Yul Brynner. There are some interesting displays on pre-Russian settlers and their techniques for hunting and survival, but the death-dance between the tiger and the bear has to be seen to be believed.  edit
  • Museum Vladivostok Fortress, 4-a Batareynaya St, (4232) 40-08-96, [9]. 10AM-6PM daily. Overlooking the sea, these fortifications were built more than a century ago to guard against invasion from Japan. Today, the grounds are cluttered with defused bombs, chain guns, and small military vehicles. Those can be visited for free; there's a small fee to go inside the several rooms of the fort, which feature displays on the history of Russia's presence in the region and some intricate dioramas.  edit
  • Naval Memorial, Korabelnaya nab.  edit
  • Primorsky State Art Gallery, 12 Aleutskaya St, (4232) 41-11-95. Traveling art exhibitions and a well-regarded collection of classic European masters.  edit
  • C-56 Submarine, Korabelnaya nab. You can't board the Pacific Fleet, but this submarine is parked on land, by the Naval Memorial, and welcomes visitors; the interior is pretty well-preserved, and you can monkey around more or less unattended while you're inside. There's usually someone selling Soviet pins and military gear outside.  edit
  • Vladivostok Station, Aleutskaya St. Even if your journey doesn't involve trains, the beautiful old Vladivostok Station is worth a look.  edit

Do

If you'd like to swim, the beach at Sportivnaya Harbor is the place to do it (not Golden Horn Bay, where the Pacific Fleet is parked). Be sure to salute the half-submerged mermaid statue out in the water. Alternately, in the winter, locals aren't shy about strolling out on ice.

  • Dinamo Stadium, ul Batareynaya, just off Sportivnaya Harbor. Home of FC Luch-Energia Vladivostok [10], who play in the Russian Premier League of professional soccer (or down in the First Division, as their fortunes go).  edit
  • SK Olimpiets. Home of Spartak Primorje [11], who play in the Russian Super League of professional basketball.  edit

Learn

The Far Eastern National University [12] is one of the top five Russian universities and has over 35,000 students. It offers Russian courses online [13] for foreigners at $200 a credit or on campus. The Vladivostok State University of Economics [14] also offers Russian courses for foreigners [15] at decent prices. Both universities can set you up in their dorms as well as do the necessary paperwork for you to study in Russia.

Buy

There's a GUM department store on Svetlanskaya, across from Ploschad Bortsoy Revolutsy, and electronic stores further east that can help with power converters and the like.

Local markets are spread throughout Vladivostok and provide the basic groceries for a neighborhood. Some even have a butcher but most all provide sausages and frozen meat. Larger markets sell clothing, shoes, and everything else imaginable in addition to food.

Sportivnaya Market is the largest market in Vladivostok. Its maze-like warrens are full of people selling most everything. There is a large Chinese presence here, and knockoffs and Chinese imports abound. The range of food sold at this market is fabulous but is probably a bit unusual for everyday fare.

Eat

Sunday morning brunch at the Vlad Inn (below) is a tradition for the handful of ex-pats living in the city.

Naval memorial, Vladivostok
Naval memorial, Vladivostok
  • cafe Cuckoo, Okeanskiy pr 1a (city centre, near the overseas passenger terminal and main city square), (4232)995858, [16]. 10AM-2AM daily. This restaurant offers contemporary European cuisine. The head chef, Adriano Cavalieri, came from Melbourne, Australia. There is outdoor and indoor seating for approximately 100 people.  edit
  • club Cuckoo, Okeanskiy pr-t 1a (city centre, near the overseas passenger terminal and main city square), (4232)995858, [17]. F-Sa 11PM-6AM. The most glamorous night club in the city. The very strict 'door bitch' however will let the foreigners in, just because they speak English. Club hosts best parties in town, including DJs from Moscow and London. ticket 500 R ($20) at door; drinks 150-350 R ($6-$14).  edit

Be sure also to visit Cafe Presto, a classy European café with European prices. You’ll think you’re in Vienna, pleasant music, pleasant atmosphere. Address: Svetlanskaya 15.

Sleep

Hotels

The hotels in the city center are targets for huge tour groups, who block out availability for weeks on end, so reserve in advance if possible.

  • Hotel Moryak, 38 Posyetskaya St, (4232) 49-94-99. Cheap, serviceable accommodations a short walk uphill from the city center. English isn't spoken, but the staff are accustomed to foreign visitors. Look for the odd aquatic sign outside. Rooms from $35.  edit
  • Hotel Hyundai, 29 Semenovskaya St, (4232) 40-22-33 (fax: (4232) 40-70-08), [18]. The height of luxury in Vladivostok, with full business facilities, swimming pool and fitness center, bar, casino, and restaurant on-site. Rooms have satellite TV and air conditioning. Online booking is available. Rooms from 6000R.  edit
  • Hotel Vladivostok, 10 Naberezhnaya St, (4232) 41-28-08 (fax: (4232) 41-20-21), [19]. Budget and somewhat more upscale rooms, with Wi-Fi and a buffet breakfast; there's a restaurant on-site. Online booking available (with limited Russian). About a ten minute walk from the train station. It's quite an ugly building from the outside, but it faces a nice view to the sea. Bookings may also be available at the Hotel Amursky Zaiv, operated by the same management, across the street. Rooms from 2200R.  edit
  • Vlad Inn, #35, 8-th Street Sanatornaya, (4232) 38-88-88 (fax: 1 (508) 590-2432), [20]. Reservations can be made online. They offer a free pickup service from the airport. It's a Western-managed hotel with English-speaking staff. Also has a very well-reviewed restaurant on premises. To reach the Vlad Inn, take an elektrichka (commuter train) out to Sanaturnaya (approximately six stops outbound from the Vladivostok train station). From there, it is a short walk. Rooms from $139.  edit

Dorms

Russian dorm rooms in Vladivostok range from awful to OK. Generally, foreigners are dormed in reasonable accommodations, but you should know exactly what you are getting into before arriving. Important things you might take for granted include: private or communal kitchen and bathrooms, number of roommates, number of clothing washers and dryers.

The Far Eastern National University (above) offers reasonable dorm rooms but foreigners are separated from Russian students, so if you are looking for more Russian immersion, ask them about arranging a home stay.

Stay safe

A few roads can only be crossed by poorly-lit underground passageways, which can be a bit nerve-wracking at night. Beggars tend to congregate near the doors, including children with very quick hands, so cover your pockets as you pass.

Although you'll see plenty of locals stripping down for a swim on the boardwalks off Naberezhnaya, take care; there is plenty of rusted metal about. Stick to the beach unless you're very confident in your tetanus shots.

Contact

The main post office is on the other side of Aleutskaya from the train station. Internet access is available on the first floor of the post office. There are a few Internet cafes in the town center.

ATMs are easy to find, and most are connected to international bank networks. Otherwise, many hotels have exchange desks, although some have exchange rates decidedly skewed in their favor. There will also be dodgy money-changers near Sportivnyaya Harbor.

The Vladivostok News [21] and Vladivostok Times [22] publish online English-language newspapers.

  • The Trans-Siberian Railway will be the means of exit by most, either heading west towards Moscow or into China. Either way, the next major stop is the Russian city of Khabarovsk, some 700km off, the administrative center for the region.
Routes through Vladivostok
KhabarovskUssuriysk  W noframe E  END
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

VLADIVOSTOK, the chief Russian seaport and naval station on the Pacific Ocean, situated at the southern extremity (43° 7' N. and 131° 55' E.) of the Maritime Province, not far from the point where that government touches both Manchuria and Korea (Cho-sen). It is connected by rail with Khabarovsk (479 m. N.N.E.), the capital of the Amur region, and with Chita in Transbaikalia (1362 m.) via Ninguta, Kharbin, Tsitsikar and Khailar. Pop. (1900) 38,000. The town stands on Peter the Great Gulf, occupying the northern shore of one of its horn-like expansions, which the Russians have called the Golden Horn. The depth of the Eastern Bosporus ranges from 13 to 20 fathoms, and that of the Golden Horn from 5 to 13, the latter affording a spacious harbour. The hills are covered with forests of oak, lime, birch, maple, cork, walnut, acacia, ash, aspen, poplar, elm, apple, pear and wild cherry, with a rich undergrowth of the most varied shrubs. Excellen t. timber is supplied by oak and cedar. forests not far off. The climate, however, is severe, as compared with that of corresponding latitudes in Europe. Though standing in almost the same parallel as Marseilles, Vladivostok has an average annual temperature of only 40° F., and, although the gulf itself never freezes, a thin ice-crust forms along the shores in December and remains until April. The town has several handsome buildings, a monument to Admiral Nevelskiy (1897), a cathedral, a museum, an observatory, an Oriental institute (opened in 1899), professional schools, a naval hospital, mechanical and naval works, steam saw-mills and flour-mills. The drawback of Vladivostok is that it has not, and cannot have, a well-developed hinterland, despite the great efforts which have been made by the Russian government to supply the Usuri region (to the north of Vladivostok) with Russian settlers. The town of Vladivostok was founded in 1860-1861, and from 1865 to 1900 was a free port.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Vladivostok

Plural
-

Vladivostok

  1. Seaport in Eastern Russia on the Sea of Japan near North Korea, administrative centre of Primorsky Krai.

Translations


Bosnian

Proper noun

Vladivostok m.

  1. Vladivostok, Russia

Serbian

Proper noun

Vladivostok m.

  1. Vladivostok, Russia

See also


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