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Voiced alveolar implosive: Wikis


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IPA – number 162
IPA – text ɗ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɗ
Kirshenbaum d`
About this sound Sound sample

The voiced alveolar implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɗ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is d_<. The IPA symbol is lowercase letter d with a rightward hook protruding from the upper right of the letter.



Features of the voiced alveolar implosive:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Ega[1] [ɗá] 'hide'
Fula[2] example needed -- --
Goemai al [ɗal] 'to swallow'
Hausa ɗaiɗai [ɗei̯ɗei̯] 'one at a time'
Jamaican[3] dem [ɗem] 'them' Allophone of /d/ in the onset of prominent syllables
Kalabari[4] a [ɗà] 'father'
Karajá ti [ɗi] 'bone'
Khmer ដប់ [ɗɑp] 'ten'
Mono[5] [Latin alphabet|ku‘da]] [kūɗā] 'debt'
Ongota [ga:ɗa] 'dull'
Seereer-Siin[6] [biɗ] 'flower' Contrasts phonemically with voiceless implosive
Sindhi ڏر [ɗarʊ] 'crevice'
Tera[7] ɗana [ɗàna] 'to talk'
Tukang Besi [piɗi] 'rubbish'
Vietnamese đi [ɗi] 'to go/walk/depart' See Vietnamese phonology

See also



  • Connell, Bruce; Ahoua, Firmin; Gibbon, Dafydd (2002), "Ega", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 32 (1): 99–104  
  • Devonish, H; Harry, Otelamate G. (2004), "Jamaican phonology", in Kortman, B; Shneider E. W., A Handbook of Varieties of English, phonology, 1, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, pp. 441–471  
  • Harry, Otelemate (2003), "Kalaḅarị-Ịjo", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 113–120  
  • Keer, Edward (1999), Geminates, The OCP and The Nature of CON, Rutgers University  
  • Mc Laughlin, Fiona (2005), "Voiceless implosives in Seereer-Siin", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (2): 201–214, doi:10.1017/S0025100305002215  
  • Olson, Kenneth (2004), "Mono", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (2): 233–238  
  • Paul, Tench (2007), "Tera", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 37 (1): 228–234  


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