The Full Wiki

Voiced palatal fricative: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

IPA – number 139
IPA – text ʝ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ʝ
Kirshenbaum C<vcd>
About this sound Sound sample

The voiced palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʝ (crossed-tail j), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is j\.

The voiced palatal fricative is a very rare sound, occurring in only seven of the 317 languages surveyed by the origical UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database. In only three of the languages (Komi, Margi, Belgian Standard Dutch[1]) this sound occurs along with its voiceless counterpart.



Features of the voiced palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Dutch goed Nl-goed (Belgium).ogg [ʝut] 'good' More common in southern Dutch dialects, including all of Dutch-speaking Belgium.[2] See Dutch phonology
Greek[3] γεια [ʝa] 'hello' See Modern Greek phonology
Kabyle cceǥ [ʃʃəʝ] 'to slip'
Pashto Wardak dialect[4] موږ [muʝ] 'we'
Spanish[5] sayo [saˈʝo̞] 'smock' More often is an approximant. May also be represented by <ll> in certain dialects. See Spanish phonology
Swedish[6] jord sv-jord.ogg [ʝuːɖ] 'soil' See Swedish phonology

See also


  1. ^ Jo Verhoeven, Belgian Standard Dutch, Journal of the International Phonetic Association (2005), 35:2:243-247 Cambridge University Press [1]
  2. ^ Pieter van Reenen; Nanette Huijs (2000). "De harde en de zachte g, de spelling gh versus g voor voorklinker in het veertiende-eeuwse Middelnederlands." (in Dutch). Taal en Tongval, 52(Thema nr.), 159-181. Retrieved 2009-05-04.  
  3. ^ Nicolaidis (2003:?)
  4. ^ Michael M.T. Henderson, Four Varieties of Pashto
  5. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  6. ^ Engstrand (1999:140)


  • Engstrand, Olle (1999). "Swedish". Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the usage of the International Phonetic Alphabet.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 140–142. ISBN 0-521-63751-1.  
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Ana Ma. Fernández-Planas & Josefina Carrera-Sabaté (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255-259
  • Nicolaidis, Katerina (2003), "An electropalatographic study of palatals in Greek", written at Athens, in D. Theophanopoulou-Kontou, Current trends in Greek Linguistics (in Greek), Patakis, 108-127


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address