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Voiced palatal plosive: Wikis


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IPA – number 108
IPA – text ɟ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɟ
Kirshenbaum J
About this sound Sound sample

The voiced palatal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɟ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is J\.

The sound does not exist as a phoneme in English, but is perhaps most similar to a voiced postalveolar affricate [dʒ], as in English jump (although it is a stop, not an affricate; the most similar stop phoneme to this sound in English is [ɡ], as in get), and because it is difficult to get the tongue to touch just the hard palate without also touching the back part of the alveolar ridge,[1] [ɟ] is a less common sound worldwide than [dʒ]. It is also common for the symbol /ɟ/ to be used to represent a palatalized voiced velar plosive, or other similar affricates, for example in the Indic languages. This may be considered appropriate when the place of articulation needs to be specified and the distinction between stop and affricate is not contrastive, and therefore of secondary importance.



Features of the voiced palatal plosive:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Albanian[2] gjuha [ˈɟuha] 'tongue'
Arabic[3] Sudanese جمل [ɟæˈmæl] 'camel' Some dialects; corresponds to /dʒ/ in other varieties. See Arabic phonology
Asu [mbuɟi] 'goat'
Basque anddere [aɲɟeɾe] 'doll'
Catalan Majorcan[4] sargantana [səɾɟənˈtanə] 'lizard' Corresponds to /ɡ/ in other varieties: [səɾɣəntánə]. See Catalan phonology
Corsican fighjulà [viɟɟuˈla] 'to watch' Also present in the gallurese dialect
Czech dělám [ɟɛlaːm] 'I do' See Czech phonology
Dinka jir [ɟir] 'blunt'
Ega[5] [ɟé] 'become numerous'
Greek μετάγγιση [me̞ˈtaɲɟisi] 'transfusion See Modern Greek phonology
Hungarian[6] gyám [ɟaːm] 'guardian' See Hungarian phonology
Irish Gaeilge [ˈɡeːlʲɟə] 'Gaelic' See Irish phonology
Latvian ģimene [ˈɟimene] 'family'
Macedonian раѓање [ˈraɟaɲɛ] 'birth'
Norwegian Northern and central dialects[7] fadder [fɑɟːeɾ] 'godparent' See Norwegian phonology
Occitan Auvergnat diguèt [ɟiˈɡɛ] 'said' (3rd pers. sing.)
Limousin dissèt [ɟiˈʃɛ]
Romanian[8] ghimpe [ˈɟimpe] 'thorn' Allophone of /g/ before /i/ and /e/. See Romanian phonology.
Slovak ďaleký [ˈɟaʎɛkiː] 'far'
Turkish güneş [ɟyˈneʃ] 'sun' See Turkish phonology

See also





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