Voiced postalveolar affricate: Wikis

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IPA – number 104 (135)
IPA – text d͡ʒ
IPA – image IPA voiced postalveolar affricate.svg
Entity ʤ
X-SAMPA dZ
Kirshenbaum dZ
About this sound Sound sample

The voiced palato-alveolar affricate, also described as voiced domed postalveolar affricate, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is d͡ʒ (formerly ʤ), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is [dZ]. Alternatives commonly used in linguistic works, particularly in older or American literature, are ǰ, ǧ, ǯ, and dž. It is familiar to English speakers as the j sound in jump.

Contents

Features

Features of the voiced postalveolar affricate:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz example needed -- -- See Abkhaz phonology
Albanian xham [d͡ʒam] 'glass'
Amharic እንጀራ [ɨnd͡ʒəra] 'injera'
Arabic Standard[1] جرس [d͡ʒaras] 'bell' See Arabic phonology
Armenian Eastern ջուր [d͡ʒur] 'water'
Western ճանճ [d͡ʒɑnd͡ʒ] 'fly'
Chechen джерво/dzhyervo [d͡ʒjerwo] 'previously married woman'
Coptic ϫ [d͡ʒe] 'that'
Croatian ep [d͡ʒep] 'pocket'
Czech čba [lɛːd͡ʒba] 'treatment' See Czech phonology
English jump [ˈd͡ʒʌmp] 'jump' See English phonology
Esperanto manĝaĵo [maɲd͡ʒaʒo] 'food' See Esperanto phonology
Faroese gestir [ˈd͡ʒɛstɪɹ] 'guests'
French djinn [d͡ʒin] 'djinn' See French phonology
Georgian[2] იბე [d͡ʒibɛ] 'pocket'
German Dschungel [d͡ʒʊŋəl] 'jungle' See German phonology
Goemai [d͡ʒaːn] 'twins'
Hindi जाना [d͡ʒɑːnɑː] 'to go' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian lándzsa [laːnd͡ʒɒ] 'spear' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[3] gemma [ˈd͡ʒɛmːa] 'gem' See Italian phonology
Indonesian jahil [ˈd͡ʒahil] 'stupid'
Kabyle lIran [ld͡ʒiran] 'the neighbors'
Kyrgyz жаман [d͡ʒaman] 'bad'
Macedonian џемпер [ˈd͡ʒɛmpɛr] 'sweater'
Malay jahat [d͡ʒahat] 'evil'
Manchu ? [d͡ʒuwe] 'two'
Occitan Languedocien jove [ˈd͡ʒuβe] 'young'
Provençal [ˈd͡ʒuve]
Ojibwe ? [iːd͡ʒikiwẽːʔ] 'brother' See Ojibwe phonology
Pashto جګ [d͡ʒeɡ] 'high'
Persian کُجا [kod͡ʒɒ] 'where' See Persian phonology
Portuguese Brazilian[4] grande [ɡɾɐ̃d͡ʒi] 'great' See Portuguese phonology
Romanian ger [d͡ʒer] 'frost' See Romanian phonology
Sardinian Campidanese géneru [ˈd͡ʒɛneru] 'son-in-law'
Scottish Gaelic Dia [d͡ʒia] 'God'
Serbo-Croatian em [d͡ʒɛ̝m] 'jam'
Slovak ús [d͡ʒuːs] 'juice'
Somali joog [d͡ʒoːɡ] 'stop' See Somali phonology
Spanish yo (emphatic) [d͡ʒo] 'I'
Turkish yatırımcı [jät̪ɯɾɯmd͡ʒɯ] 'investor' See Turkish phonology
Turkmen jar [d͡ʒär] 'ravine'
Ubykh /amd͡ʒan/ '?' See Ubykh phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan[5] dxan [d͡ʒaŋ] 'god'

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Barbosa, Plínio A.; Albano, Eleonora C. (2004), "Brazilian Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (2): 227–232  
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquipan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 107–114  
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117–121  
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255–264  
  • Watson, Janet (2002). The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic. New York: Oxford University Press.  
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