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Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative: Wikis


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IPA – number 182
IPA – text ɕ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɕ
Kirshenbaum S;
About this sound Sound sample

The voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɕ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is s\.



alveolo-palatal fricative [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Catalan[1] xinxa [ˈɕinʲɕə] 'bedbug' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin 西安/Xī'ān [ɕi˥ an˥] 'Xi'an' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Chuvash çиçĕм [ˈɕiɕ̬əm] 'lightning' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl [ɕɛːlˀ] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Japanese[2] /shio [ɕio] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian щэ [ɕɛ] 'hundred'
Korean 시장/sijang [ɕid͡ʑaŋ] 'market' See Korean phonology
Polish[3] śruba Pl-śruba.ogg [ɕruba] 'screw' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Russian счастью [ˈɕɕasʲtʲju] 'happiness (dative)' Contrasts with /ʂ/, /s/, and /sʲ/. See Russian phonology
Swedish kjol sv-kjol.ogg [ɕuːl] 'skirt' See Swedish phonology
Tibetan Lhasa dialect བཞི་ [ɕi˨˧] 'four' Contrasts with /ʂ/.

See also



  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97 
  • Recasens, Daniel; Pallarès, Maria Dolores (2001), "Coarticulation, Assimilation and Blending in Catalan Consonant Clusters", Journal of Phonetics 29 (3): 273–301 


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