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Voiceless labio-velar approximant: Wikis

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IPA – number 169
IPA – text ʍ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ʍ
X-SAMPA W
Kirshenbaum w<vls>
About this sound Sound sample

The voiceless labiovelar approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʍ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is W.

Doubly articulated fricatives are very difficult to pronounce, and none has been confirmed of any language. [ʍ] is generally called a "fricative" for historical reasons, but in English, the language that the symbol ʍ is primarily used for, it is a voiceless approximant, equivalent to [w̥] or [hw̥]. On rare occasions the symbol is appropriated for a labialized velar fricative, [xʷ], in other languages.

Features

Features of the voiceless labial-velar approximant:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Cornish whath [ʍæθ] 'still' Can be represented as <wh> or <hw> in Standard Written Form
English Scottish English whine [ʍʌɪn] 'whine' Phonemically /hw/. Contrasts with /w/. See English phonology and phonological history of wh
Some Southern American dialects [ʍaːn]

See also

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