Voiceless labiodental fricative: Wikis

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IPA – number 128
IPA – text f
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity f
X-SAMPA f
Kirshenbaum f
About this sound Sound sample

The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is f, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is f.

Contents

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental fricative:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz фы [fə] 'lightning' See Abkhaz phonology
Albanian faqe [facɛ] 'cheek'
Arabic Standard[1] ظرف [ðˤɑrf] 'envelope' See Arabic phonology
Catalan[2] fletxa [ˈfletɕə] 'arrow' See Catalan phonology
Chechen факс/faks [faks] 'fax'
Chinese Mandarin /fēi [fei˥˥] 'to fly' See Standard Mandarin
Coptic ϥⲧⲟⲟⲩ [ftow] 'four'
Czech foukat [foʊ̯kat] 'to blow' See Czech phonology
Dutch[3] fiets [fits] 'bike' See Dutch phonology
English fill [fɪl] 'fill' See English phonology
Ewe[4] ? [éfá] 'he was cold'
French[5] fabuleuse [fabyløz] 'fabulous' See French phonology
German fade [faːdə] 'insipid' See German phonology
Goemai [fat] 'to blow'
Greek φύση [ˈfis̺i] 'nature' See Modern Greek phonology
Hungarian figyel [fiɟɛl] 'he/she pays attention' See Hungarian phonology
Italian fantasma [fanˈtazma] 'ghost' See Italian phonology
Kabardian фыз [fɨz] 'woman'
Kabyle afus [afus] 'hand'
Malay align="center" feri [feri] 'ferry'
Maltese fenek [fenek] 'rabbit'
Norwegian filter [filtɛɾ] 'filter' See Norwegian phonology
Polish[6] futro Pl-futro.ogg [ˈfutrɔ] 'fur' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[7] fogo [ˈfoɡu] 'fire' See Portuguese phonology
Romanian[8] foc [fok] 'fire' See Romanian phonology
Russian[9] верёвка [vʲɪˈrʲofkə] 'rope' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Slovak fúkať [fuːkac] 'to blow'
Somali feex [fɛħ] 'wart' See Somali phonology
Spanish[10] fantasma [fãnˈtazma] 'ghost' See Spanish phonology
Swedish fisk [ˈfɪsk] 'fish' See Swedish phonology
Turkish saf [säf] 'pure' See Turkish phonology
Vietnamese phu [fu] 'coolie' See Vietnamese phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan[11] cafe [kafɘ] 'coffee' Used primarily in loanwords from Spanish

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1-2): 53–56  
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90–94  
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73–76  
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45–47  
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107  
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005). Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.). Blackwell.  
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259  
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquipan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 107–114  
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 21 (1): 39–87  
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117–121  
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37–41  
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