Voiceless uvular plosive: Wikis

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IPA – number 111
IPA – text q
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity q
X-SAMPA q
Kirshenbaum q
About this sound Sound sample

The voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. It is pronounced like [k], except that the tongue makes contact not on the soft palate but on the uvula. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is q, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is q.

Contents

Features

Features of the voiceless uvular plosive:

Varieties of [q]

IPA Description
q plain velar fricative
labialised
ejective
qʷʼ ejective labialised
q̜ʷ semi-labialised
q̹ʷ strongly labialised
palatalised
qʲʼ ejective palatalised

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Aleut[1] ҟи́гаҟъ/qiighax̂ [qiːɣaχ] 'grass'
Arabic Standard[2] القرآن [ʔalqurˈʔaːn] 'the Qur'an' See Arabic phonology
Avar рахъу [raˈqːu] 'ashes' always geminated
Chechen кхоъ/qo’ [qɔʔ] 'three'
Eyak u.jih [quːtʃih] 'wolf'
Hindi क़िला [qɪlaː] 'fortress' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Inuktitut ᐃ"ᐃᑉᕆᐅᖅᑐᖅ /ihipqiuqtuq’ [ihipɢiuqtuq] 'explore' Represented by a <ᕆ>. See Inuit phonology
Iraqw [qeːt] 'break'
Kabardian экхъыл [ɑqɪɮ] 'intellect' Contrasts with a labialized form
Kabyle aqcic [aqʃiʃ] 'boy'
Kazakh Қазақстан [qɑzɑqˈstɑn] 'Kazakhstan' An allophone of the voiceless velar plosive before back vowels.
Ket қан [qan] 'begin'
Klallam qəmtəm [qəmtəm] 'iron'
Kutenai qaykiťwu [qajkitʼwu] 'nine'
Nivkh тяқр̆ [tʲaqr̥] 'three'
Persian Kermani dialect قورباغه [quːrbɒɣe] 'frog' See Persian phonology
Quechua[3] qallu [qaʎu] 'tongue'
Sahaptin qu [qu] 'heavy'
Seereer-Siin[4] example needed '-'
Somali qaab [qaːb] 'shape' See Somali phonology
St’át’imcets teq [təq] 'to touch'
Tadaksahak [qoq] 'dry'
Tlingit ghagw [qɐ́kʷ] 'tree spine' Tlingit contrasts six different uvular plosives
Tsimshian gwildma̱p'a [ɡʷildmqɑpʼa] 'tobacco'
Ubykh /maqʷəta/ 'hoe' Ubykh has ten different uvular plosives. See Ubykh phonology
Urdu قِلعہ [qɪlaː] 'fortress' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Uyghur ئاق / aq [əq] 'white'
Yukaghir Northern маарх [maːrq] 'one'
Southern атахл [ataql] 'two'

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005). Vowels and Consonants (Second ed.). Blackwell.  
  • Mc Laughlin, Fiona (2005), "Voiceless implosives in Seereer-Siin", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (2): 201–214, doi:10.1017/S0025100305002215  
  • Watson, Janet (2002). The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic. New York: Oxford University Press.  
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