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Polish voivodeships since 1999
Map of Vojvodina
This article concerns both historical and contemporary voivodeships in various countries. For more on the divisions of modern and historical Poland, see Voivodeships of Poland.

A voivodeship, also spelled voivodship, voivodina or vojvodina (Polish: województwo, Romanian: voievodat, Serbian: vojvodina (војводина), vojvodstvo (војводство) or vojvodovina (војводовина), Hungarian: vajdaság, Belarusian: vajvodstva (вайводства), Lithuanian: vaivadija, Latin Palatinatus in Poland), is a type of administrative division dating to medieval Poland, Romania, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a voivode (wojewoda, voivod). The voivode (literally, "leader of warriors", equivalent to Dux Exercituum or Herzog) was originally the military commander next to the ruler.

Contemporarily, the term (or its variant spelling voivodship) is used for the województwa (preferably translated as "provinces") of Poland, of which there are currently 16. There is also an autonomous province of Vojvodina in Serbia.

The word "voivodeship" appears in some of the larger English dictionaries, such as the OED and Webster's Third New International Dictionary, though it is not in common usage. Depending on the context, historic voivodeships may also be referred to as "duchies," "provinces," "palatinates," "administrative districts" or "regions."

Contents

List of Voivodeships

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Modern

Historic

Principality of Transylvania and the voivodeships of Wallachia and Moldavia ruled by Mihai Viteazul in 1600
Serbian Voivodina (1848-1849)
Voivodeships of Poland (1921-1939)

See also



Simple English

voivodeships since 1999.]]

A voivodeship, also spelled voivodship, voivodina or vojvodina (Romanian: voievodat, Polish: województwo, Serbian: vojvodina (војводина), vojvodstvo (војводство) or vojvodovina (војводовина), Hungarian: vajdaság, Lithuanian: vaivadija, Latin Palatinatus in Poland), is a geographical administrative division dating to medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a voivod (voivode, wojewoda). The voivod (literal translation: "the one who leads the warriors", is the same as to Dux Exercituum / Herzog) was originally the military commander next to the ruler.



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