Volkswagen: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

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Volkswagen
Type Public
Founded May 28, 1937
Founder(s) Ferdinand Porsche
Bodo Lafferentz
Jakob Werlin
Headquarters Wolfsburg, Germany
Area served Worldwide
Key people Martin Winterkorn:
Chairman of the Board of Management,
Christian Klingler:
Board of Management of the Volkswagen Passenger Cars Ferdinand Piëch : Chairman of Volkswagen Supervisory Board
Industry Automotive
Products Cars
Website Volkswagen.com (International)
VW.com (US)
.Volkswagen (often abbreviated to VW) is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.^ VW is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg , Germany in the state of Lower Saxony .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Cars Volkswagen is a German automobile manufacturer located in Wolfsburg Germany.
  • New Volkswagen cars – Buy a brand new discounted Volkswagen and save money on Volkswagen Prices from Dealers @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen AG has announced it will be establishing a new manufacturing unit in Osnabrueck, located in VW's home state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
  • Volkswagen — Autoblog 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Volkswagen was originally founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront).^ Volkswagen was founded in 1937 by the German Auto Association.
  • New Volkswagen cars – Buy a brand new discounted Volkswagen and save money on Volkswagen Prices from Dealers @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ An original and unmodified 1300 Deluxe dating from 1966 From 1948, Volkswagen became a very important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen has always had a close relationship with Porsche , the Zuffenhausen-based sports car manufacturer founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche , the original Volkswagen designer.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

[1] .Volkswagen is the original marque within the Volkswagen Group, which includes the car marques Audi, Bentley Motors, Bugatti Automobiles, Automobili Lamborghini, SEAT, Škoda Auto and heavy goods vehicle manufacturer Scania.^ Frankfurt Motor Show: Audi and Volkswagen electric cars .

^ Volkswagen © Benfield Motor Group 2010 .
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Cars Volkswagen is a German automobile manufacturer located in Wolfsburg Germany.
  • New Volkswagen cars – Buy a brand new discounted Volkswagen and save money on Volkswagen Prices from Dealers @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

.In 2009, the Supervisory Board of Volkswagen AG endorsed the creation of an integrated automotive group with Porsche under the leadership of Volkswagen.^ Volkswagen AG Reports Sales Results for 2009 01/11/2010 Volkswagen AG reported sales results for 2009.
  • VOLKSWAGEN AG (VOW): Stock Quote & Company Profile - BusinessWeek 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC investing.businessweek.com [Source type: News]

^ Dec 10, 2009 Volkswagen Announces “Racing Under Green” Broadcast Schedule Herndon, VA (Dec.
  • VW Motorsports Newsroom - The Latest from Volkswagen at the 2010 Dakar Rally, the Jetta TDI Cup, & More 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC vwmotorsports.mediaroom.com [Source type: News]

^ Qatar Investment Authority acquires a minority stake in Volkswagen AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE (pending) .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

.Volkswagen means "people's car" in German, in which it is pronounced [ˈfɔlksˌvaːɡən].^ Volkswagen Scirocco TSI For 2010 the German automaker will offer the fresh Scirocco sports car with a new entry level engine: a 1.4 Liter (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle From 1932 to 1960 The People's Car .
  • A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC oldcarandtruckpictures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen New Compact Coupe The people’s car maker Volkswagen unveiled their New Compact Coupe at the 2010 Detroit Auto Show.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.Its current tagline or slogan is Das Auto (in English The Car).^ Suzuki's expertise in producing smaller hybrid and electric cars comes at a particular advantage in the Chinese auto market, where Volkswagen is currently the number one car maker.

^ New Car Specials Pre-Owned Specials Clearance Specials Factory Incentives eBay Auto Specials Military Specials Current Ads Lindsay Automotive Group Home .
  • Lindsay Volkswagen of Dulles (888) 515-6078 in Sterling, Virginia near Manassas, VA and the greater Washington, DC metro area 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lindsayvolkswagen.com [Source type: General]

.Its previous German tagline was Aus Liebe zum Automobil, which translates to: Out of Love for the Car, or, For Love of the Automobile, as translated by VW in other languages.^ Its German tagline is "Aus Liebe zum Automobil", which is translated as "For the love of the car" - or, For Love of the People's Cars," as translated by VW in other languages.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It’s a full hybrid that reflects the styling of other cars in the VW lineup.

^ Pre-loved Volkswagens are more than just a used car or pre-owned VW. Nobody loves their cars the way Volkswagen owners love their cars.
  • Lindsay Volkswagen of Dulles (888) 515-6078 in Sterling, Virginia near Manassas, VA and the greater Washington, DC metro area 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lindsayvolkswagen.com [Source type: General]

.In November 2009, Volkswagen and Porsche overtook Toyota to become the world's largest car manufacturing group in terms of production.^ Volkswagen is the World’s fourth largest car manufacturer.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ It forms the core of Volkswagen Group , one of the world's four largest car producers.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen has made it clear that it plans to become the world's largest automaker and to more than quadruple sales in the U.S. by 2018.
  • VW Forum :: Volkswagen Forum 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Contents

History

For vehicle time line tables, see: Volkswagen (timeline),
Model of Porsche Type 12 (Zündapp), Museum of Industrial Culture, Nuremberg
.In the early 1930s German auto industry was still largely composed of luxury models, and the average German rarely could afford something more than a motorcycle.^ German car company Volkswagen are planning to release more cars in 2010 than any other year in their history and they have started with unveiling the NCC at the Detroit auto show ...
  • Volkswagen - News, Video, Photos, and Rumors from ThrottleBlips 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC throttleblips.dailyradar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He’s still generous and wants to donate half of that to charity to create more jobs for his fellow Germans.
  • Eurotive | Tag Archive | Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.eurotive.com [Source type: General]

^ PRNewswire/ -- For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company's history.

.Seeking a potential new market, some car makers began independent "peoples' car" projects - Mercedes' 170H, Adler's AutoBahn, Steyr 55, Hanomag 1,3L, among others.^ Other new car brands .
  • New Volkswagen Cars, Singapore Car Prices & Listing - sgCarMart 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.sgcarmart.com [Source type: News]

^ Its German tagline is "Aus Liebe zum Automobil", which is translated as "For the love of the car" - or, For Love of the People's Cars," as translated by VW in other languages.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although some of the body panels remained unchanged, new projector-optic headlights and bumpers gave the car a fresher look.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The trend was not new, as Béla Barényi is credited with having conceived the basic design in the middle 1920's.^ Sangyup Lee, the General Motors designer credited with the exterior design of the new Chevrolet Camaro, has left the company to join Volkswagen’s Southern California studio.

^ Basically everything included in the timeless design of the New Beetle coupe, plus the added benefit of having the wind blow thru your hair, and more.
  • Lindsay Volkswagen of Dulles (888) 515-6078 in Sterling, Virginia near Manassas, VA and the greater Washington, DC metro area 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lindsayvolkswagen.com [Source type: General]

.Josef Ganz developed the Standard Superior (going as far as advertising it as the "German Volkswagen").^ The brand traces its roots back to Ferdindand Porsche, founder of Porsche, who developed the original Volkswagen Beetle for the German government.
  • Volkswagen — Autoblog 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adler produced the Maikfer and Standard the Superior, which it advertised as 'Der Deutsche Volkswagen' and was the cheapest four wheel car at the time.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Also, in Czechoslovakia, the Hans Ledwinka's penned Tatra T77, a very popular car amongst the German elite, was becoming smaller and more affordable at each revision.^ Adolf Hitler 's desire that almost anybody should be able to afford a car coincided with this design"although much of this design was inspired by the advanced Tatra cars of Hans Ledwinka .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of the essential equipment had already been moved to underground bunkers for protection, allowing production to resume quickly once hostilities had ended.Much of the Beetle's design was inspired by the advanced Tatra cars of Hans Ledwinka, particularly the T97.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Polo Bluemotion is a smaller car, it weighs 20% less, despite this it emits more: 105g/km.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.In 1933, with many of the above projects still in development or early stages of production, Adolf Hitler declared his intentions for a state-sponsored "Volkswagen" program.^ In the eighties and early nineties, Volkswagen's sales in the United States and Canada fell dramatically, despite the success of models like the Golf elsewhere.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Production of the Beetle at the Wolfsburg factory switched to the VW Golf in 1974, marketed in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the 1970s and as the Golf in the 1980s.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen is still in a better position in North American market than it was in the early nineties, when its U.S. sales plummeted to 49,533 units in 1993.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hitler required a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km/h (62 mph).^ Hitler decreed that this car should be capable of transporting two adults and three children at a speed of 100 km/h (62 mph), and that it should cost no more than a motorcycle and sidecar to buy.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hitler invited Porsche to submit to him a design for this peoples car, it had to be cheap, economical, fast (all of 60 miles per hour) and to accommodate two adults and three children comfortably.

^ Twin-Turbocharged Diesel V10 The twin-turbocharged Diesel V10 engine pushes the Touareg from 062 mph (100 km/h) in 7.9 seconds, and on to 130 mph (209 km/h) maximum.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "People's Car" would be available to citizens of the Third Reich through a savings scheme at 990 Reichsmark, about the price of a small motorcycle (an average income being around 32RM a week).^ A savings scheme was also launched that would enable people to buy the car.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fortune: MAXI HOPES RIDE ON NEW MINI CARS Fleets of smaller small cars, priced under $6,000, are starting to roll into U.S. showrooms.
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Despite being a heavy, full-sized car (and having a lot of miles) I average 26 mpg - about 7 mpg more than my wife’s slightly newer gas Benz.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

[4]
.Despite heavy lobbying in favor of one of the existing projects, Hitler chose to sponsor an all new, state owned factory.^ Some $4 billion of new Japanese factories are starting up in Europe just as European carmakers are watching their own sales slide -- ...
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The 790,000 vehicles include Jettas, New Beetles, Golfs, GTIs and R32s...all in the United States.
  • Volkswagen Jetta Recall Information - VW Recalls & Problems 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lemonauto.com [Source type: News]

^ And she does it with not one, but two European hotties – the all-new Volkswagen Beetle and the Fiat 500.
  • Eurotive | Tag Archive | Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.eurotive.com [Source type: General]

.The engineer chosen for the task was Ferdinand Porsche.^ Adolf Hitler wanted private motorized transport to be widely available and commissioned engineer Ferdinand Porsche to produce such a vehicle.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By then an already famed engineer, Porsche was the designer of the Mercedes 170H, and worked at Steyr for quite some time in the late 1920s.^ The car already had its distinctive round shape (designed by Erwin Komenda) and its air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He needed his engine pulled, and some light body work completed.
  • VW Sage 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwsage.com [Source type: General]

^ Some Hybrids have an “economy” switch that will allow the engine to run all the time if the AC is needed.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.When he opened his own design studio he landed two separate "Auto für Jedermann" (car for everybody) projects with NSU and Zündapp, both motorcycle manufacturers.^ Car manufacturers were not interested, but two motorcycle manufacturers were.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Karmann Ghia The Karmann Ghia is a two-seater sports car marketed by Volkswagen, designed by the Italian firm Ghia, and built by German coach builder Karmann.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He had been chief designer for Daimler-Benz, Auto-Union, and now had his own engineering consultation firm.
  • A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC oldcarandtruckpictures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Neither project come to fruition, stalling at prototype phase, but the basic concept remained in Porsche's mind time enough, so on 22 June 1934, Dr. Ferdinand Porsche agreed to create the "People's Car" for Hitler.
.Changes included better fuel efficiency, reliability, ease of use, and economically efficient repairs and parts.^ Hitler had a keen interest in cars but was not particularly technically knowledgeable himself and demanded Porsche make changes to the original design to include better fuel efficiency (to make it more economical for the working man), reliability, ease of use, and economically efficient repairs and parts.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The intention was that ordinary Europeans would buy the car by means of a savings scheme ("Fünf Mark die Woche musst Du sparen, willst Du im eigenen Wagen fahren" — "Save five Marks a week, if you want to drive your own car"), which around 336,000 people eventually paid into.^ You can also ask your own questions.
  • Volkswagen : Read reviews and compare prices at Ciao.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.ciao.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ What did you do to your car...
  • TDIClub Forums - Powered by vBulletin 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC forums.tdiclub.com [Source type: General]

^ Drive it today and you will want it to be in your driveway tomorrow.
  • Volkswagen MA | Boston MA Volkswagen Dealers | Colonial Volkswagen of Westborough | Dealer New Volkswagen Certified Used Volkswagen Cars Boston Massachusetts Volkswagen Dealer | Volkswagen Dealers MA 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC buycolonialvwwestborough.com [Source type: General]

.Volkswagen honored its savings agreements in West Germany (but not in East Germany) after World War II[citation needed].^ Volkswagen honored its savings agreements after World War II; Ford, which had a similar "coupon" savings system, reportedly did not.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ However the advent and aftermath of World War II meant that those who paid into the scheme never received their cars.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The car and its town changed their Second World War-era names to Volkswagen and Wolfsburg respectively, and production was increasing.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.Prototypes of the car called the "KdF-Wagen" (German: Kraft durch Freude — "strength through joy"), appeared from 1936 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart).^ Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen (German: Kraft durch Freude = "strength through joy"), appeared from 1936 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart).
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen (German: Kraft durch Freude = "strength through joy"), appeared from 1936 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart ).
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also [1]Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen (German: Kraft durch Freude = strength through joy; the car was so called because it was intended to be sold to members of the KdF, a Nazi leisure organization), appeared from 1935 onwardsthe first prototypes were produced by Daimler-Benz in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The car already had its distinctive round shape and air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine.^ The car already had its distinctive round shape (designed by Erwin Komenda) and its air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This also had a streamlined body and a rear-mounted 4 cylinder horizontally-opposed air-cooled engine.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The car already had its distinctive round shape and air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine, features similar to the Tatra.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The VW car was just one of many KdF programs which included things such as tours and outings.^ The VW car was just one of many KdF programs which included things such as tours and outings.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's a reasonably common problem in the world of automobiles, making the near production-ready NCC one of those cars that just looks...
  • Volkswagen News & Auto Blog | Volkswagen Information - Wide Open Throttle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wot.motortrend.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on CC models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

The prefix Volks— ("People's") was not just applied to cars, but also to other products in Europe; the "Volksempfänger" radio receiver for instance. On 28 May 1937, the Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH (sometimes abbreviated to Gezuvor[5]) was established by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront. It was later renamed "Volkswagenwerk GmbH" on 16 September 1938.[6]
VW Type 82E
.Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Auto Union chief designer, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle known today.^ Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Porsche chief designer, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle we know today.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Erwin Komenda , the longstanding Porsche chief designer, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle we know today.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rumors said that the Beetle was originally designed for conversion into a makeshift armored car in times of war.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was one of the first to be evolved with the aid of a wind tunnel, in use in Germany since the early 1920s.^ It was one of the first to be designed with the aid of a wind tunnel ; unlike the Chrysler Airflow , it would be a success.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aerodynamics of the first prototypes were not good but heavy optimisation took place at the wind tunnel of the Technical University of Braunschweig.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was one of the first to be designed with the aid of a wind tunnel; unlike the Chrysler Airflow, it would be a success.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The building of the new factory started 26 May 1938 in the new town of KdF-Stadt, now called Wolfsburg, which had been purpose-built for the factory workers.^ The new factory in the new town of KdF-Stadt, now called Wolfsburg, purpose-built for the factory workers, only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939 .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Start a new discussion now!
  • Volkswagen News - Topix 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]
  • Volkswagen News - Topix 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]
  • Volkswagen Phaeton News - Topix 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]

^ However, the factory (in the new town of Kdf-Stadt, purpose-built for the factory workers) had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This factory had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939. None was actually delivered to any holder of the completed saving stamp books, though one Type 1 Cabriolet was presented to Hitler on 20 April 1938 (his 49th birthday).^ The new factory in the new town of KdF-Stadt, now called Wolfsburg, purpose-built for the factory workers, only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939 .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the factory (in the new town of Kdf-Stadt, purpose-built for the factory workers) had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ None were actually delivered to holders of the completed saving stamp books, though one Type 1 Cabriolet was presented to Hitler on his fiftieth birthday, in 1938.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 82 Kübelwagen ("Bucket car") utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model), and the amphibious Schwimmwagen which were used to equip the German forces..^ War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ War meant production turned to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Apart from the introduction of the Type 2 commercial vehicle (van, pickup and camper) and the Karmann Ghia sports car, Nordhoff pursued the one-model policy until shortly before his death in 1968.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Volkswagen factory with its own power plant

1945: British Army, Major Ivan Hirst, unclear future

.The company owes its post-war existence largely to one man, British Army officer Major Ivan Hirst, REME.^ The company owes its postwar existence largely to one man, British Army officer Major Ivan Hirst (1916–2000).
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ British Army and Ivan Hirst, unclear future .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ivan Hirst, a British Army officer took an interest in the cars and painted one green.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

.In April 1945, KdF-Stadt, and its heavily bombed factory were captured by the Americans, and subsequently handed over to the British, within whose occupation zone the town and factory fell.^ During the war the Volkswagen facilities were bombed and captured by the Americans and subsequently turned over to the British.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ In April 1945 , KdF-Stadt and its heavily bombed factory were captured by the Americans, and handed to the British to administer.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, he was ordered to take control of the heavily bombed factory, which the Americans had captured.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The factories were placed under the control of Oldham-born Hirst.^ The factory was placed under the control of Oldham -born Hirst.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The factory was placed under the control of Oldham-born Hirst.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.At first, the plan was to use it for military vehicle maintenance.^ At first, the plan was to use it for military vehicle maintenance.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The factory was intended to be used to maintain military vehicles and eventually salvaged for war reparations.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Consequently the first volume-produced versions of the car's chassis (if not body) were military vehicles, the Jeep-like Kbelwagen Typ 82 (approx.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since it had been used for military production, and had been in Hirst's words a "political animal" rather than a commercial enterprise, the equipment was in time intended to be salvaged as war reparations.^ Since it had been used for military production, and had been a "political animal" (Hirst's words) rather than a commercial enterprise, the equipment was in time intended to be salvaged as war reparations.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Since it had been used for military production, and had been a "political animal" (Hirst's words) rather than a commercial enterprise, the equipment was in time intended to be salvaged as war reparations .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The factory was intended to be used to maintain military vehicles and eventually salvaged for war reparations.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Hirst painted one of the factory's cars green and demonstrated it to British Army headquarters.^ Hirst painted one of the factory's cars green and demonstrated it to British Army headquarters.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ivan Hirst, a British Army officer took an interest in the cars and painted one green.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ He then presented the car to the British Army Headquarters who realized the cars potential for providing light duty transportation.
  • Volkswagen UK - New Volkswagen , Used Volkswagen and Lease Volkswagen cars @ BuyYourCar.co.uk 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.buyyourcar.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Short of light transport, in September 1945 the British Army was persuaded to place a vital order for 20,000. The first few hundred cars went to personnel from the occupying forces, and to the German Post Office.^ The first few hundred cars went to personnel from the occupying forces, and to the German Post Office.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Short of light transport, in September 1945 the British Army was persuaded to place a vital order for 20,000.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He persuaded the British military to order 20,000 of the cars, and by 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some British Service personnel were allowed to take their VW Beetles back to the United Kingdom when they were demobilized, and one of the very first Beetles brought back in that way (UK registration number JLT 420) is still owned by Peter Colborne-Baber, the son of the original proprietor of the UK's first official Volkswagen Importer, Colborne Garages of Ripley, Surrey.^ VW Racing UK now have their own cup, they also have had Rallyed a Polo 1600 class and Golf TDI. Australia: VW has a very close relationship with motorsport it was the REDeX and Mobil Trials of the 1950s which propelled VW to be a sales success in Australia.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen : Beetle - Classic Standard bug 1974 VW BUG "ORIGINAL RED PAINT" 51,000 MILES 2ND OWNER Location: Ontario, CA Watch this item .
  • Volkswagen on eBay Motors 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC motors.shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So when you're shopping for Volkswagen parts, visit the other sites first, then come back to us.
  • Volkswagen Parts - Volkswagen Auto Parts - Volkswagen Accessories 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.car-stuff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.By 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month, a remarkable feat considering it was still in disrepair.^ By 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month, a remarkable feat considering the factory was still in disrepair: the damaged roof and windows meant rain stopped production; the steel to make the cars had to be bartered for new vehicles.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He persuaded the British military to order 20,000 of the cars, and by 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 356 model, which was initially forecast to have a world sales potential of 500 units, was last produced in 1965 after over 78,000 cars had been built.

.Owing to roof and window damage, rain stopped production and new vehicles were bartered for steel required for more production.^ In 1946, production resumed, but the new communist government quickly dropped the T97 in favor of the cheaper to build and overall 'more communistic' Tatraplan, which was named after the Communist Planned Economy.
  • A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC oldcarandtruckpictures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month, a remarkable feat considering the factory was still in disrepair: the damaged roof and windows meant rain stopped production; the steel to make the cars had to be bartered for new vehicles.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new Jetta comes with dual reflector headlamps – more reflectors mean more light is cast out ahead of the vehicle, dramatically improving visibility.
  • Lindsay Volkswagen of Dulles (888) 515-6078 in Sterling, Virginia near Manassas, VA and the greater Washington, DC metro area 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lindsayvolkswagen.com [Source type: General]

.The car, and its town changed their Second World War-era names to "Volkswagen", and "Wolfsburg" respectively, and production was increasing.^ The car and its town changed their Second World War-era names to Volkswagen and Wolfsburg respectively, and production was increasing.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The car and its town changed their Nazi-era names to Volkswagen (people's car) and Wolfsburg, respectively.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was still unclear what was to become of the factory.^ It was still unclear what was to become of the factory.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was offered to representatives from the British, American and French motor industries.^ It was offered to representatives from the British, American and French motor industries.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Famously, all rejected it.^ Famously, all rejected it.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.After an inspection of the plant, Sir William Rootes, head of the British Rootes Group, told Hirst the project would fail within two years, and that the car "is quite unattractive to the average motorcar buyer, is too ugly and too noisy … If you think you're going to build cars in this place, you're a bloody fool, young man".[citation needed] In an ironic twist of fate, Volkswagen would manufacture a locally built version of Rootes's Hillman Avenger in Argentina in the 1980s, long after Rootes had gone bankrupt at the hands of Chrysler in 1978—the Beetle outliving the Avenger by over 30 years.^ After an inspection of the plant, Sir William Rootes , head of the British Rootes Group , told Hirst the project would fail within two years, and that the car "is quite unattractive to the average motorcar buyer, is too ugly and too noisy ...
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Car manufacturers were not interested, but two motorcycle manufacturers were.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you think you're going to build cars in this place, you're a bloody fool, young man."
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ford representatives were equally critical: the car was "not worth a damn," according to Henry Ford II, the son of Edsel Ford, although he did reportedly look at the possibility of taking over the VW factory, but dismissed the idea as soon as he looked up Wolfsburg on the map and found it to be too close for comfort to the East German border.^ Ford representatives were equally critical: the car was "not worth a damn."
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Henry Ford II , the son of Edsel Ford , did reportedly look at the possibility of taking over the VW factory but dismissed the idea as soon as he looked up Wolfsburg on the map.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ East German border.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In France, Citroën started the 2CV on a similar marketing concept.^ In France Citroën started the 2CV on a similar marketing concept.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile, in Italy, the Fiat 500 "Topolino" was developed.^ In Italy it was the Fiat 500 .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1945 to 1948: survival in Allied-occupied Germany

In Occupied Germany, the Allies followed the Morgenthau Plan, to remove all German war potential, by complete or partial pastoralisation. As part of this, in the Industrial plans for Germany, the rules for which industry Germany was to be allowed to retain were set out. .German car production was set at a maximum of 10% of the 1936 car production numbers.^ Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen (German: Kraft durch Freude = "strength through joy"), appeared from 1936 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart).
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen (German: Kraft durch Freude = "strength through joy"), appeared from 1936 onwards (the first cars had been produced in Stuttgart ).
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beetle production continued in smaller numbers at other German factories (Essen) until 1978, but mainstream production shifted to Brazil and Mexico .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.As mentioned above, the Volkswagen factory at Wolfsburg came under British control in 1945; it was to be dismantled and shipped to Britain.^ In April 1945 , KdF-Stadt and its heavily bombed factory were captured by the Americans, and handed to the British to administer.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The factory was placed under the control of Oldham-born Hirst.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Volkswagen main factory in Wolfsburg with its own power plant in the front.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thankfully for Volkswagen, no British car manufacturer was interested in the factory; "the vehicle does not meet the fundamental technical requirement of a motor-car … it is quite unattractive to the average buyer … To build the car commercially would be a completely uneconomic enterprise".[9] The factory survived by producing cars for the British Army instead.^ Car manufacturers were not interested, but two motorcycle manufacturers were.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After an inspection of the plant, Sir William Rootes , head of the British Rootes Group , told Hirst the project would fail within two years, and that the car "is quite unattractive to the average motorcar buyer, is too ugly and too noisy ...
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Find out about the full Volkswagen range and if you would like to arrange a no obligation test drive, please contact us.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Allied dismantling policy changed in late 1946 to mid 1947, although heavy industry continued to be dismantled until 1951. In March 1947 Herbert Hoover helped change policy by stating: "There is the illusion that the New Germany left after the annexations can be reduced to a 'pastoral state'. It cannot be done unless we exterminate or move 25,000,000 people out of it".[10] Thanks to the protection of British Army Major Ivan Hirst, Volkswagen survived the perilous times, and became part of the German economic recovery.^ British Army and Ivan Hirst, unclear future .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whether you are interested in vintage air cooled VWs or the later water cooled versions, the New Beetle, factory stock or wild custom, there is probably a club for you out there in Volkswagen land.

^ Byline: Guido Reinking Volkswagen's plan to take over portions of insolvent German contract manufacturer and convertible roof-top specialist Karmann is good news for Karmann workers, but it makes little sense from an economic standpoint.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

1948 onwards: icon for the West German regeneration

1949 Volkswagen Sedan
1958 Volkswagen Pickup truck
An original 1300 Deluxe, circa 1966.
Rear, restored 1967 VW Beetle in Sri Lanka.
Volkswagen Beetle found in Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
.From 1948, Volkswagen became a very important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration.^ An original and unmodified 1300 Deluxe dating from 1966 From 1948, Volkswagen became a very important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ From 1948, Volkswagen became a very important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Heinrich Nordhoff (1899–1968), a former senior manager at Opel who had overseen civilian and military vehicle production in the 1930s and 1940s, was recruited to run the factory in 1948. In 1949 Major Hirst left association with the company, as it had now been re-formed as a trust, controlled by the West German government, and the government of the State of Lower Saxony.^ In 1949 Hirst left the company, now re-formed as a trust controlled by the West German government.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heinrich Nordhoff (1899"1968), a former senior manager at Opel who had overseen civilian and military vehicle production in the 1930s and 1940s, was recruited to run the factory in 1948.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heinrich Nordhoff (1899–1968), a former senior manager at Opel who had overseen civilian and military vehicle production in the 1930s and 1940s, was recruited to run the factory in 1948.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

Apart from the introduction of the Volkswagen Type 2 commercial vehicle (van, pickup and camper), and the VW Karmann Ghia sports car, Nordhoff pursued the one-model policy until shortly before his death in 1968.
.Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949, but only sold two units in America that first year.^ Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949 .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It only sold two units in America that first year.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On its entry to the U.S. market, the VW was briefly sold as a "Victory Wagon". Volkswagen of America was formed in April 1955 to standardize sales and service in the United States.^ Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949 .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Amarok will be produced at a VW plant in Pacheco, Argentina and sold in South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia.
  • Volkszone – the UK's largest VW community » Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.volkszone.com [Source type: General]

Production of the Type 1 Volkswagen Beetle increased dramatically over the years, the total reaching one million in 1955.
.Volkswagens in Canada - VW Canada ordered their first cars on July 10, 1952. (shipping order 143075) The order consisted of 12 vehicles, (3) model 11C, a black, green, and sandcolor (3) 11GS, a chestnut brown and two azure blue, (2) 24A-M51 in red, (1)21A in blue, (1) 23A in blue, (1) 22A beige color, and one Ambulance.^ VW calls the color Vivid Blue.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apart from the introduction of the Type 2 commercial vehicle (van, pickup and camper) and the Karmann Ghia sports car, Nordhoff pursued the one-model policy until shortly before his death in 1968.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Volkswagen Products were seen in Canada for the first time at the Canadian National Exhibition in August 1952 and were accepted enthusiastically.^ In Canada, a full Westfalia camper was also offered at this time (with sink and stove), but Volkswagen chose not to offer it in the United States.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Times’s own automobile writers were not immune: nearly a decade after the spot first aired, Volkswagen reviews were still routinely referring to the song.

^ The manufacturer needs to keep the excitement about the Volkswagen brand at a high pitch before they start selling their first mass-market product in India.
  • Volkszone – the UK's largest VW community » Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.volkszone.com [Source type: General]

.The first shipment of cars reached Toronto in December 1952. By 1955 sales were on a basis that warranted the building of the fine Volkswagen plant on a 32 acre site on Scarboro's Golden Mile.^ The green car is a 1951, Red is 1952 Zwitter and the Caramel & Creme is a 1955.
  • A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC oldcarandtruckpictures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From July 1998 until December 2002, Volkswagen's Bentley division also sold cars under the Rolls-Royce name under an agreement with BMW , which had bought the rights to that name.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The first Porsche car, the Porsche 64 of 1938, used many components from the Volkswagen Beetle .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

To this, a 60,000 square foot building with administration, showrooms, service, repairs and parts, an addition of 60,000 feet was built in 1957, with storage for $4,000,000 of parts. (See 1959 Canadian Register of Commerce & Industry held in the Western Libraries at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.)
.Sales soared — thanks in part to the famous advertising campaigns by New York advertising agency Doyle, Dane Bernbach.^ Sales soared due in part, to the famous advertising campaigns by New York advertising agency, Doyle, Dane and Bernbach.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This first took hold in the United States in the 1960s, aided by very intelligent, tongue-in-cheek advertising by the Doyle Dane Bernbach agency.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ahead of the new Rabbit, the fifth-generation GTI is already on sale in North America and has generated interest among the VW faithful with its "Make friends with your fast" and "Unpimp My Ride" advertising campaigns.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.Led by art director Helmut Krone, and copywriters Julian Koenig and Bob Levinson, Volkswagen advertisements became as popular as the car, using crisp layouts and witty copy to lure the younger, sophisticated consumers with whom the car became associated.^ Lead by art director, Helmut Krone and copywriters Bob Levinson and Julian Koenig, Volkswagen ads became as popular as the car, using crisp layouts and witty copy to lure the younger, sophisticated consumers with whom the car became associated.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com .
  • Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carsforsale.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Used VOLKSWAGEN Car Sales, Second Hand VOLKSWAGEN cars for sale Used VOLKSWAGENs for sale, Used VOLKSWAGEN for sale .
  • Used VOLKSWAGEN, Used VOLKSWAGEN for sale, Second Hand VOLKSWAGEN, Used VOLKSWAGENs for sale 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.autoweb.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Even though it was almost universally known as the Beetle (or the Bug), it was never officially labeled as such by the manufacturer, instead referred to as the Type 1. The first reference to the name Beetle occurred in U.S. advertising in 1968, but not until 1998 and the Golf-based New Beetle would the name be adopted by Volkswagen.^ The first reference to the name Beetle occurred in U.S. advertising in 1968, but it was not until 1998 and the Volkswagen Golf-based New Beetle would the name be adopted by Wolfsburg.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Despite the fact it was almost universally known as the Beetle, it was never officially known as such, instead referred to as the Type 1.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ New Beetle: 1998-2008 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although the car was becoming outdated, during the 1960s and early 1970s, American exports, innovative advertising, and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T.^ During the 1960s and early 1970s, although the car was becoming outdated, American exports, innovative advertising and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures to surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T. By 1973 total production was over 16 million.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ During the 1960s and early 1970s , although the car was becoming outdated, American exports, innovative advertising and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures to surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 1960s and early 1970s, innovative advertising campaigns and a glowing reputation for reliability and sturdiness helped production figures to surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T, when Beetle No.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On February 17, 1972 the 15,007,034th Beetle was sold.^ February 17, 1972.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Volkswagen could now claim the world production record for the most-produced, single make of car in history.^ We all be very cautious while buying parts for our car but now we have a place that we can trust and its iautobodyparts.com At iAutoBodyParts.com you can find all the body replacement parts you could possibly require for your Volkswagen Jetta .
  • Volkswagen Jetta Parts | Volkswagen Jetta Body Parts 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ The TDI, E-motor and 7-speed DSG are located at the rear, and they combine to create the most fuel efficient road-legal car hybrid drive in the world.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

^ By 1946 the factory was producing 1,000 cars a month, a remarkable feat considering the factory was still in disrepair: the damaged roof and windows meant rain stopped production; the steel to make the cars had to be bartered for new vehicles.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1973, total production was over 16 million.^ By 1973 total production was over 16 million.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1973 total production was over 16 million, and by 2002 there had been over 21 million produced.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 1960s and early 1970s, although the car was becoming outdated, American exports, innovative advertising and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures to surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T. By 1973 total production was over 16 million.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.To commemorate its passing the Ford Model T's record sales mark and its victories in the Baja 1000 Mexican races from 1967 to 1971, Volkswagen produced its first limited-edition Beetle.^ The Ingolstadt-based firm had the necessary expertise in front wheel drive and water-cooled engines that Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ VW New Compact Coupe Concept For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company`s history.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

^ During the 1960s and early 1970s, innovative advertising campaigns and a glowing reputation for reliability and sturdiness helped production figures to surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the Ford Model T, when Beetle No.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was marketed as the "Baja Champion SE"[11] in the United States and the "Marathon" Superbeetle in the rest of the world.^ The Thing, as it was commonly called, was also sold in the civilian market and enjoyed brief popularity in the United States in the mid-1970s.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Diesel V10 was offered in the United States for a limited time in 2004 and 2005, but emmissions regulations forced it off the market for a temporary period.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Production of the Beetle at the Wolfsburg factory switched to the VW Golf in 1974, marketed in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the 1970s and as the Golf in the 1980s.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.It featured unique "Marathon Blau" metallic blue paint, steel-pressed 10-spoke 15-inch (38 cm) magnesium-alloy wheels, a commemorative metal plate mounted on the glovebox and a certificate of authenticity presented to the original purchaser.^ Volkswagen Passat 15" x 6" Alloy Wheel .
  • Volkswagen Passat Parts | Volkswagen Passat Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ High-end materials predominate in its interior; on the exterior subtle body modifications and 19-inch alloy wheels round out its sporty look.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

^ Specification Includes 38.2mpg combined 178 g/km Co2 17" phoenix alloy wheels Rain sensing ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dealer-installed options for this limited-edition Superbeetle included the following: white stripes running the length of the rocker-panel, a special shifter knob, bumper overriders, tapered exhaust tips, fake walnut inserts in the dashboard (behind the steering wheel and the glovebox cover) as well as Bosch fog lights mounted on the front bumper.^ Front Bumper Cover all .
  • Volkswagen Scirocco Parts | Volkswagen Scirocco Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ Action : dealers will install a special cover and sealing kit.
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Front Bumper Cover except Turbo S; w/o headlamp washers; prime .
  • Volkswagen Beetle Parts | Volkswagen Beetle Body Parts 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

1961 to 1973: product line expansion

An original and unmodified 1963 VW Type 3 Notchback.
.VW expanded its product line in 1961 with the introduction of several Type 3 models, which were essentially body style variations (Fastback, Notchback, Squareback) based on Type 1 mechanical underpinnings, and again in 1969 with the larger Type 4 (also known as the 411 and 412) models.^ VW expanded their product line in 1967 with the introduction of several Type 3 models, which were essentially body style variations (Fastback, Notchback, Squareback) based on Type 1 mechanical underpinnings, and again in 1969 with the relatively unpopular Type 4 (also known as the 411 and 412) models, which differed substantially from previous models with the notable introduction of unibody construction, a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection , and a sturdier powerplant.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ VW expanded their product line in 1967 with the introduction of several Type 3 models, which were essentially body style variations (Fastback, Notchback, Squareback) based on Type 1 mechanical underpinnings, and again in 1969 with the relatively unpopular Type 4 (also known as the 411 and 412) models, which differed substantially from previous models with the notable introduction of unibody construction, a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection, and a sturdier powerplant.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These differed substantially from previous vehicles, with the notable introduction of monocoque/unibody construction, the option of a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection, and a sturdier powerplant.^ VW expanded their product line in 1967 with the introduction of several Type 3 models, which were essentially body style variations (Fastback, Notchback, Squareback) based on Type 1 mechanical underpinnings, and again in 1969 with the relatively unpopular Type 4 (also known as the 411 and 412) models, which differed substantially from previous models with the notable introduction of unibody construction, a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection, and a sturdier powerplant.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ As a comparison, or previous sport utility vehicle had a V8 engine in it and was getting an average of 17 miles to the gallon on these same highway trips.” .
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ VW expanded their product line in 1967 with the introduction of several Type 3 models, which were essentially body style variations (Fastback, Notchback, Squareback) based on Type 1 mechanical underpinnings, and again in 1969 with the relatively unpopular Type 4 (also known as the 411 and 412) models, which differed substantially from previous models with the notable introduction of unibody construction, a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection , and a sturdier powerplant.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Volkswagen added a "Super Beetle"[12] (the Type 113) to its lineup in 1971. The Type 113 differed from the standard Beetle in its use of a MacPherson strut front suspension instead of the usual torsion bars.^ The Type 113 differed from the standard Beetle in its use of McPherson strut front suspension instead of torsion bars.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Type 1 - Super Beetle: 1971-1980 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen added a "Super Beetle" (the Type 113) to its lineup in 1971.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also the nose of the car was stretched 2 inches (51 mm) to allow the spare tire to lie flat, and the combination of these two features significantly increased the usable front luggage space.^ Many of these shows feature camping, a car show called a "show 'n' shine", drag racing, parts swap meet, raffles, and other events.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite the Super Beetle's (marketed outside North America as the VW 1302, later 1303) popularity with Volkswagen customers, purists preferred the standard Beetle with its less pronounced nose and its original torsion bar suspension.^ Despite the Super Beetle's popularity with Volkswagen customers, purists preferred the standard Beetle with its less pronounced nose and its original torsion bar suspension.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen : Beetle - Classic Standard bug 1974 VW BUG "ORIGINAL RED PAINT" 51,000 MILES 2ND OWNER Location: Ontario, CA Watch this item .
  • Volkswagen on eBay Motors 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC motors.shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Super Beetle, Beetle and Karmann Ghia Official Service Manual Type 1: 1970-1979 (paper) .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1973, Volkswagen introduced the military-themed Type 181, or "Trekker" in Europe and the UK, "Thing" in America, recalling the wartime Type 81. The military version was produced for the NATO-era German Army during the Cold War years of 1970 to 1979. The US Thing version only sold for two years, 1973 and 1974, thanks at least in part to Ralph Nader's automobile safety campaigns.^ Thing/Type 181 .
  • TheSamba.com :: VW Classifieds 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.thesamba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Type 4 Owner's Manual: 1973 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1973, Volkswagen introduced the military-themed Thing (Type 181) in America, recalling the wartime Type 81.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1964, Volkswagen succeeded in purchasing Auto Union, and in 1969, NSU Motorenwerke AG (NSU).^ Audi (the former post-WWII Auto Union/DKW)—bought from Daimler-Benz in 1964.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ When purchasing any Volkswagen auto body part, you should make sure that you insure that it is the best product for your vehicle rather than the least expensive.
  • Volkswagen Body Parts - Car/Truck Parts Sales 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.carbodyparts.net [Source type: General]

^ It is very important for you to know the quality of the Volkswagen aftermarket auto body part before purchasing it to insure that it is right for your vehicle.
  • Volkswagen Body Parts - Car/Truck Parts Sales 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.carbodyparts.net [Source type: General]

.The former company owned the historic Audi brand, which had disappeared after the Second World War.^ The car and its town changed their Second World War-era names to Volkswagen and Wolfsburg respectively, and production was increasing.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its a known FACT that VW/Audi/Mercedes/Land Rover remain at the bottom of the pile for car-brands in the whole world for reliability.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.VW ultimately merged Auto Union and NSU to create the modern day Audi company, and would go on to develop it as its luxury vehicle marque.^ REPORT: VW finished eating companies, will now focus on digestion 24 days ago .
  • First Drive: 2009 Volkswagen CC — Autoblog 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: General]

^ The key to the problem was the 1964 acquisition of Audi/Auto-Union .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The key to the problem was the 1964 acquisition of Audi / Auto-Union .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.However, the purchase of Auto Union and NSU proved to be a pivotal point in Volkswagen's history, as both companies yielded the technological expertise that proved necessary for VW to survive when demand for its air-cooled models went into terminal decline as the 1970s dawned.^ The Ingolstadt-based firm had the necessary expertise in front wheel drive and water-cooled engines that Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was critical to Volkswagen on its introduction in 1973, as the sales of the aging Beetle were declining, and larger air-cooled rear-engined models like the Volkswagen Type 3 and 411 and 412 based on older technology were also failing to take hold in the market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ VW New Compact Coupe Concept For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company`s history.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

1974: from Beetle to Golf/Rabbit

.Volkswagen was in serious trouble by 1973.[13] The Type 3 and Type 4 models had sold in much smaller numbers than the Beetle and the NSU-based K70 also failed to woo buyers.^ The Type 3 and Type 4 models had been comparative flops, and the NSU -based K70 also failed to woo buyers.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Type 4 Owner's Manual: 1973 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen Beetle Type 60 .
  • A Picture Review of the Volkswagen Beetle from 1932 to 1960 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC oldcarandtruckpictures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beetle sales had started to decline rapidly in European and North American markets.^ VW eventually realized that the Beetle was the heart and soul of the brand in North America , and the firm quickly set about creating a new Beetle for American and Canadian showrooms.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was critical to Volkswagen on its introduction in 1973, as the sales of the aging Beetle were declining, and larger air-cooled rear-engined models like the Volkswagen Type 3 and 411 and 412 based on older technology were also failing to take hold in the market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Combined with a 70 L (18.5 U.S. gallon) fuel tank, it had a 1300+ km (800+ mi) range on a single tank of fuel, nearly unheard of in the North American market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The company knew that Beetle production had to end one day, but the conundrum of replacing it had been a never-ending nightmare.^ The company knew that Beetle production had to end one day, but the conundrum of replacing it had been a never-ending nightmare.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.VW's ownership of Audi / Auto Union proved to be the key to the problem - with its expertise in front-wheel drive, and water-cooled engines which Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.^ The key to the problem was the 1964 acquisition of Audi / Auto-Union .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Ingolstadt-based firm had the necessary expertise in front wheel drive and water-cooled engines that Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The key to the problem was the 1964 acquisition of Audi/Auto-Union .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Audi influences paved the way for this new generation of Volkswagens, known as the Polo, Golf and Passat.^ Audi influences paved the way for this new generation of Volkswagens, known as the Polo, Golf and Passat.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Applicable: VW Polo, Golf and Passat, Audi since 1991 .

^ View More Details Volkswagen New Polo Brand New - From £9,910 - £15,775 View Dealers Offers The latest Volkswagen Polo is the fifth generation in the supermini’s 34-year history and is the largest and most technically advanced but remains true to the ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Volkswagen Polo was in fact simply a re-badging of the short-lived Audi 50, which had been hastily developed from a sedan design, the Audi 60.^ Audi influences paved the way for this new generation of Volkswagens, known as the Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Golf and Volkswagen Passat.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Dakar In 1980 Volkswagen competed in the Paris to Dakar Rally with the Audi developed Iltis, It came 1st 2nd 4th and 9th overall.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1994, Volkswagen unveiled the J Mays -designed Concept One , a "retro"-themed car with a resemblance to the original Beetle but based on the Polo chassis.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, VW produced it shortly after the introduction of the Polo as the Volkswagen Derby. .In the rear of the car can plainly be seen that panels are added to the Polo structure to make a "three-box" design of saloon (sedan), or saloon with a boot or trunk.^ Style-wise the Passat introduced a new design language, first seen on the Concept 1 concept car, for the latest generation of Volkswagens.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The car already had its distinctive round shape (designed by Erwin Komenda) and its air-cooled, flat-four, rear-mounted engine.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the versions sharing the same external design was unusual, since two of the models were traditional sedans with a separate trunk.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Volkswagen Passat (Dasher in the U.S.), introduced in 1973, was again simply a fastback (available as either a hatchback or with separate boot) version of the Audi 80, using identical body and mechanical parts, and the Audi 80 was later produced on the same line in Wolfsburg as the Passat.^ Volkswagen Passat for parts .
  • Used parts for Volkswagen and Audi 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC specializedgerman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Used parts for Volkswagen and Audi .
  • Used parts for Volkswagen and Audi 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC specializedgerman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Largest source for used Volkswagen parts and used Audi parts .
  • Used parts for Volkswagen and Audi 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC specializedgerman.com [Source type: Original source]

.Estate/wagon versions were offered for overseas markets, however, for two years, if British and South African customers wanted an estate/wagon version, they had to go considerably upmarket and buy the Audi 80 GL estate.^ However, it was beaten into third place for the 1998 European Car of the Year award by the winning Alfa Romeo 156 and runner-up Audi A6 .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Passat was Wheels magazine's Car of the Year for 1974 and its sister model Audi 80 was nominated car of the year by the European motor press a year earlier.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The estate version, however, identified the link to the original Mk3.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the pivotal model which would turn Volkswagen's fortunes emerged as the Volkswagen Golf in 1974, marketed in the United States and Canada as the Rabbit for the 1st generation (1975–1985) and 5th generation (2006–2009).^ Volkswagen Golf Owner's Manual: 1985 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It would be produced in the United States as the Rabbit until the spring of 1984.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Golf Owner's Manual: 2006 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

.This was a car unlike its predecessor in most significant ways, both mechanically as well as visually (its angular styling was designed by the Italian Giorgetto Giugiaro).^ Styling was penned at ItalDesign, by Giorgetto Giugiaro.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was a car unlike its predecessor in most significant ways, both mechanically as well as visually (its angular styling was designed by the Italian Giorgetto Giugiaro ).
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The platfom, named B2, was slightly longer and the car's updated styling was instantly recognisable as Passat, with the most obvious difference being the rectangular headlights.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its design followed trends for small family cars set by the 1959 Mini — the Golf had a transversely mounted, water-cooled engine in the front, driving the front wheels, and had a hatchback, a format that has dominated the market segment ever since.^ Its design followed trends for small family cars set by the 1959 Mini and 1972 Renault 5 "the Golf had a transversely mounted, water-cooled engine in the front, driving the front wheels, and had a hatchback , a format that has dominated the market segment ever since.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Rabbit The Rabbit GTI is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive hatchback car.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Front wheel Drive Vehicles .
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beetle production at Wolfsburg ended upon the Golf's introduction, but continued in smaller numbers at other German factories (Hanover and Emden) until 1978, but mainstream production shifted to Brazil and Mexico.^ Beetle production continued in smaller numbers at other German factories (Essen) until 1978, but mainstream production shifted to Brazil and Mexico .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beetle production continued in smaller numbers at other German factories (Essen) until 1978, but mainstream production shifted to Brazil and Mexico.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Production in Brazil ended in 1988, then restarted in 1993 and continued until 1996.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1974 to 1990: entering the mainstream

Volkswagen Polo, 1990
.While Volkswagen's range of cars soon became similar to that of other large European automakers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company.^ Volkswagen Polo 1990 While Volkswagen's range of cars soon became similar to that of other large European car-makers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ While Volkswagen's range of cars soon became similar to that of other large European car-makers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, garnering the European Car of the Year for 1992 (the previous two generations were nominated but lost to the Citroën CX in 1975 and the Fiat Uno in 1984).
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There have been six generations of the Volkswagen Golf, the first of which was produced from the summer of 1974 until the end of 1983 (sold as the Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Caribe in Latin America).^ Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1949.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen Rabbit Owner's Manual: 1983 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There have been five generations of the Volkswagen Golf, the first of which was produced from the summer of 1974 until the end of 1983, sold as the Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Caribe in Latin America.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.Its chassis also spawned the Volkswagen Scirocco sport coupe, Volkswagen Jetta saloon/sedan, Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet convertible, and Volkswagen Caddy pickup.^ It is essentially a sedan version of the Volkswagen Golf.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its chassis also spawned the Scirocco coupe and Jetta sedan.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its chassis also spawned the Volkswagen Scirocco coupe and Volkswagen Jetta sedan.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.North American production of the Rabbit commenced at a factory in New Stanton, Pennsylvania in 1978. It would be produced in the United States as the Rabbit until the spring of 1984. The second-generation Golf hatchback/Jetta sedan ran from late 1983 to late 1991, and a North American version produced in Pennsylvania went on sale at the start of the 1985 model year.^ It is essentially a sedan version of the Volkswagen Golf.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second generation Golf / Jetta sedan ran from late 1983 to late 1991.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ This plant will produce cars specifically designed for North America beginning with the New Midsize Sedan, which will be more competitive with North American market leaders Toyota Camry and Honda Accord.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The production numbers of the first-generation Golf has continued to grow annually in South Africa as the Citi Golf, with only minor modifications to the interior, engine and chassis, using tooling relocated from the New Stanton, Pennsylvania plant when that site began to build the Second Generation car.^ The production numbers of the first generation Golf has continued to grow annually in South Africa with only slight modifications to the interior, engine and chassis.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This interior layout was used until 1974 with only minor changes.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only was it the first step of VW moving its products upmarket to plug a gap between the mainstream machines and the premium cars, with SEAT and Škoda taking over as the "mainstream" brands, it also brought in a new level of interior quality and sophistication never seen before from a mainstream brand in the class.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1980s, Volkswagen's sales in the United States and Canada fell dramatically, despite the success of models like the Golf elsewhere.^ In the eighties and early nineties, Volkswagen's sales in the United States and Canada fell dramatically, despite the success of models like the Golf elsewhere.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sure, the Volkswagen parts most needed today are for late-model Jetta and Golf models, but the popularity of VWs and Volkswagen parts continues unabated.
  • Volkswagen Parts - Volkswagen Auto Parts - Volkswagen Accessories 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.car-stuff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was critical to Volkswagen on its introduction in 1973, as the sales of the aging Beetle were declining, and larger air-cooled rear-engined models like the Volkswagen Type 3 and 411 and 412 based on older technology were also failing to take hold in the market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Japanese and the Americans were able to compete with similar products at lower prices. .Sales in the United States were 293,595 in 1980, but by 1984 they were down to 177,709.[14] The introduction of the second-generation Golf, GTI and Jetta models helped Volkswagen briefly in North America.^ Volkswagen Golf GTI 25th Anniversary .
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen Jetta Owner's Manual: 1980 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen Golf GTI - US version .
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.Motor Trend named the GTI its Car of the Year for 1985, and Volkswagen rose in the J.D. Power buyer satisfaction ratings to eighth place in 1985, up from 22nd a year earlier.^ Volkswagen GTI Owner's Manual: 1985 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, it was beaten into third place for the 1998 European Car of the Year award by the winning Alfa Romeo 156 and runner-up Audi A6 .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just look at Consumer Reports and check the reviews…year after year, Volkswagens (except the Passat) get mediocre reliability and quality ratings, no better than most American cars.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

[15] VW's American sales broke 200,000 in 1985 and 1986 before resuming the downward trend from earlier in the decade. Chairman Carl Hahn decided to expand the company elsewhere, and the New Stanton, Pennsylvania factory closed on 14 July 1988.[16] Meanwhile, four years after signing a cooperation agreement with the Spanish car maker SEAT in 1982, Hahn expanded the company by purchasing a majority share of SEAT up to 75% by the end of 1986, which VW bought outright in 1990.[17]
.Volkswagen had entered the supermini market in 1976 with the Volkswagen Polo, a stylish and spacious three-door hatchback designed by Bertone.^ Volkswagen CC – Click above for high-res image gallery Is "four-door coupe" an oxymoron or a clever twist on automotive design rules?
  • First Drive: 2009 Volkswagen CC — Autoblog 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1976 Volkswagen enter the under 2000cc Trans Am class with the Scirocco and they won their class outright.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Passat Mk I 5-door hatchback (Europe) The original VW Passat was launched in 1973 (as a 1974 model).
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was a strong seller in West Germany and most of the rest of Western Europe, being one of the first foreign small cars to prove popular in Britain.^ On one hand, blessing this idea by putting it into a real car (which is just about the most popular vehicle, and platform, on the planet) seems to give it a greater air of practicality.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Among the most popular, at least in Germany, are VW-Bus and Bulli (or Bully).
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was one of the first small cars to adopt fuel injection for its sports version, which raised power in the 1588 cc engine to 110 PS (81 kW/108 hp).
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second-generation model, launched in 1981 and sold as a hatchback and "coupe" (with the hatchback resembling a small estate car and the coupe being similar to a conventional hatchback), was an even greater success for Volkswagen.^ Mark 2 (Facelift) Passat 5-door hatchback The second generation Volkswagen Passat was a large family car launched in 1981.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, garnering the European Car of the Year for 1992 (the previous two generations were nominated but lost to the Citroën CX in 1975 and the Fiat Uno in 1984).
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The current Volkswagen Golf was launched in late 2004, came runner-up to the Fiat Panda in the 2004 European Car of the Year, and has so far spawned the new generation SEAT Toledo , Skoda Octavia and Audi A3 hatchback ranges as well as a new mini- MPV , the Seat Altea.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was face-lifted in 1990 and was still selling well after 13 years, when it was replaced by the third-generation Polo in 1994.

1991 to 2000: moving upmarket

The 2000 Volkswagen Golf GL, in North American form
.In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, which was European Car of the Year for 1992 (the previous two generations were nominated but lost to the Citroën CX in 1975 and the Fiat Uno in 1984).^ The third-generation Golf was elected Car of the Year in 1992.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mark 5 (1996-2000) - B5 Platform - The fifth-generation Passat (B5) was launched in 1996 in Europe and 1998 in North America, and was an entrirely new car.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The New Beetle is related to the original only in name and appearance: under the hood, it is a modern car in every way, based on the Volkswagen A platform (Mark 4 Volkswagen Golf).
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Golf Mk3 and Jetta arrived in North America just before the start of 1994 model year, first appearing in southern California in the late spring of 1993. The sedan version of the Golf was badged Vento in Europe (but remained Jetta in the USA, where its popularity eventually outstripped the Golf).^ The Vento debuted in 1991 while the Jetta debuted in 1993.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been quite popular in the USA, less so in Europe.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ It is essentially a sedan version of the Volkswagen Golf.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The late 1990s saw a gradual change in perception of the company's products - with Audi having elevated itself into same league as BMW and Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen moved upmarket to fill the void left by Audi; with SEAT and the further addition of the Czech car maker Škoda being acquired in the late 1990s, now occupying what was once VW's core market.^ War meant production changed to military vehicles, the Type 81 Kübelwagen utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen .
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only was it the first step of VW moving its products upmarket to plug a gap between the mainstream machines and the premium cars, with SEAT and Škoda taking over as the "mainstream" brands, it also brought in a new level of interior quality and sophistication never seen before from a mainstream brand in the class.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dr, M10, 12 point, for assembling and dismantling the free wheel pulley while changing the alternator or pulley on BOSCH alternators Applicable: VW-Golf, -Vento, -Passat, Audi A3, VW Jetta with 1.9 liter TDI engines ,  Mercedes-Benz M271 , Volvo .

.The first tangible evidence of this was the fifth-generation Passat in 1996 with its high-quality interior trim and standards of build quality which were demonstrably a cut above the run-of-the-mill Ford Mondeo, and Opel Vectra.^ The new VW Eos is a stylish coupe cabriolet that demonstrates Volkswagens first class build quality.

^ Volkswagen Fox Brand New - From £7,460 - £9,095 View Dealers Offers VOLKSWAGEN’S extensive and diverse range starts with the Volkswagen Fox city car which boasts the same build quality and high safety standards as the rest ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was the first step of VW moving its products upmarket, with SEAT and Skoda taking over as the "budget" brands, and the Passat being placed in between old rivals such as the Ford Mondeo and Opel Vectra, and more upmarket cars such as the BMW 3-series and Mercedes-Benz C-Class.
  • Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.notf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.This move upmarket was continued with the Golf Mk4, introduced at the end of 1997 (and in North America in 1999), its chassis spawned a host of other cars within the Volkswagen Group — the Volkswagen Bora (the sedan, still called Jetta in the USA), New Beetle, SEAT Toledo, SEAT León, Audi A3, Audi TT and Škoda Octavia.^ Volkswagen Jetta Owner's Manual: 1997 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen New Beetle Owner's Manual: 1999 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ VOLKSWAGEN JETTA MK4 for parts .
  • Used parts for Volkswagen and Audi 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC specializedgerman.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, it was beaten into third place for the 1998 European Car of the Year award by the winning Alfa Romeo 156 and runner-up Audi A6.^ However, it was beaten into third place for the 1998 European Car of the Year award by the winning Alfa Romeo 156 and runner-up Audi A6 .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf, garnering the European Car of the Year for 1992 (the previous two generations were nominated but lost to the Citroën CX in 1975 and the Fiat Uno in 1984).
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf , garnering the European Car of the Year for 1992 (the previous two generations were nominated but lost to the Citroën CX in 1975 and the Fiat Uno in 1984).
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The other main models have been the Polo, a smaller car than the Golf, and the larger Passat for the segment above the Golf.^ The other main models have been the Polo , a smaller car than the Golf, and the larger Passat for the segment above the Golf.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The main tank is approximately the same size as other Mark 4 Passats, but filling its unusually capacious vent chamber allows the wagon to hold more than 100 liters (26.4 U.S. gallons) of diesel in an unmodified vehicle.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The production car would be based on the Golf rather than the Polo, because the Polo chassis was too small for the car to pass crash test standards in the U.S. It has been quite popular in the North America, less so in Europe.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Scirocco and the later Corrado were both Golf-based coupés.^ The Scirocco and Corrado were both Golf-based coupés.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United Kingdom VW's that have or are participated in the Circuit scene Lupo,Polo,Golf,Jetta (Vento/Bora),Scirocco,Corrado,Beetle,Type 3 & Caddy.
  • Volkswagen at AllExperts 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the early 1990s, Volkswagen's annual sales in the United States were below 100,000, and many car buyers found the company's products to be lacking in value.^ The production estimate is 100,000 cars per year, with the first Scirocco rolling off the line in 2008.
  • Volkswagen Scirocco Parts | Volkswagen Scirocco Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ In Canada, a full Westfalia camper was also offered at this time (with sink and stove), but Volkswagen chose not to offer it in the United States.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com .
  • Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carsforsale.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some automotive journalists believed that Volkswagen would have to quit the North American market altogether.^ Combined with a 70 L (18.5 U.S. gallon) fuel tank, it had a 1300+ km (800+ mi) range on a single tank of fuel, nearly unheard of in the North American market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Eos - due out mid-summer 2006 Volkswagen is still in better position in North American market than it was in the early nineties, when its U.S. sales plummeted to 49,533 units in 1993.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Attempts to enter a new market segment also compromised Volkswagen's standing in North America.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.VW eventually realized that the Beetle was the heart and soul of the brand in North America, and the firm quickly set about creating a new Beetle for American and Canadian showrooms.^ More about the New Beetle Convertible.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ More about the New Beetle.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ This plant will produce cars specifically designed for North America beginning with the New Midsize Sedan, which will be more competitive with North American market leaders Toyota Camry and Honda Accord.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

The Volkswagen New Beetle proved to be a popular concept, especially in North America.
.In 1994, Volkswagen unveiled the J Mays-designed Concept One, a "retro"-themed car with a resemblance to the original Beetle but based on the Polo platform.^ In 1998, Volkswagen launched the J Mays-designed the Concept One , a "retro"-themed car with a resemblance to the original Beetle but based on the Golf chassis.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Porsche chief designer, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle we know today.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Ingolstadt-based firm had the necessary expertise in front wheel drive and water-cooled engines that Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

Its genesis was secret and in opposition to VW management, who felt it was too backward-looking. .Management could not deny the positive public response to the concept car and gave the green light to its development as the New Beetle.^ Management could not deny the positive public response to the concept car and gave the green-light to its development as the New Beetle .
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Porsche chief designer, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle we know today.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Although some of the body panels remained unchanged, new projector-optic headlights and bumpers gave the car a fresher look.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The production car would be based on the Golf rather than the Polo, because the Polo frame was too small for the car to pass crash test standards in the U.S. It has been quite popular in the North America and is now gaining in the European Union.^ The wide choice of Volkswagen cars start with the Volkswagen Fox city car, the classy Volkswagen Polo and popular VW Beetle .

^ Since it had been used for military production, and had been a "political animal" (Hirst's words) rather than a commercial enterprise, the equipment was in time intended to be salvaged as war reparations.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Then again, with better tires (rather than rock hard efficiency models) the mileage would decrease… .
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.Volkswagen's fortunes in North America improved once the third-generation Golf and Jetta models became available there.^ The Passat took over from the Jetta once again as Volkswagen 's top-of-the-line model for North America.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Applicable: 4 cylinder Golf/Jetta through 1998, 4 cylinder Passat, Corrado, VW models with 1.9 TDI through 1997 and Audi 4 cylinder diesel models.

^ Still, all gasoline engines were dropped for North America in 1981 in preparation for the next generation car the next year.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sharp advertising and clever promotional stunts, like including Trek bicycles, and accompanying bicycle racks with a limited edition of the 1996 Jetta sedan, were credited for the firm's recovery in the U.S. and Canada, but the introductions of the New Beetle and the fifth-generation Passat were a major boost to the brand.^ View More Details Volkswagen New Polo Brand New - From £9,910 - £15,775 View Dealers Offers The latest Volkswagen Polo is the fifth generation in the supermini’s 34-year history and is the largest and most technically advanced but remains true to the ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen is offering the new New Beetle Black Orange special editions, available for both hatch and convertible.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen models with female threads on expansion tank 1990-1998, (except:'98 new Beetle and Passat models).

In the UK, Volkswagen's market share grew throughout the 1990s. .In 1990, the Golf was Britain's 12th most popular car with nearly 50,000 units sold.^ Volkswagen Golf R will get LED tail lamps The Volkswagen Golf is easily one of the most popular hot hatches on the market today, the German automaker has (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.The Mk3 Polo achieved similar success in the mid 1990s, but in 1999 the Mk4 Golf was Volkswagen's first ever entrant in Britain's top 10 list of most popular new cars.^ Following the Volkswagen Group's acquisition of Audi in 1964, Volkswagen was able to use newly gained engineering expertise to develop a modern front wheel drive car with a water-cooled engine, and thus the Passat and Golf (the latter being introduced in 1974) were the first of a new generation of Volkswagens.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View More Details Volkswagen New Polo Brand New - From £9,910 - £15,775 View Dealers Offers The latest Volkswagen Polo is the fifth generation in the supermini’s 34-year history and is the largest and most technically advanced but remains true to the ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Golf Estate Brand New - From £17,200 - £23,580 View Dealers THE Volkswagen Golf encompasses arguably the most diverse range of compact cars on the market, with four very different body styles and an impressively wide range of ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its success continued into the 2000s, while the Polo and Passat were never far outside the top 10. Bad news for Volkswagen during this era was a dip in customer satisfaction.^ The Volkswagen New Beetle entered production in 1998, and like it predecessors it was a very successful model.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen New Beetle GLS 49720 miles $10,995 Special $9,995 Last Updated 5 hours ago .
  • Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carsforsale.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen New Polo S 1.2 60ps 3dr From only £9910 .
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A brand which had built its reputation on reliability was now being overtaken by marques whose reputations had been damaged by quality problems.^ Traditional Volkswagen trademarks of build quality and reliability continued to boost the Passat's reputation.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This bad press took several years to eradicate.
In the late 1990s Volkswagen acquired the three luxury brands Lamborghini (through Audi), Bentley and Bugatti which were mainly due to Ferdinand Piëch and added to the group portfolio. .Audi's plans for Lamborghini included a small supercar later to be named the Gallardo, and a new halo vehicle, the Murciélago, and later the Reventon limited edition halo car.^ Byline: Diana T. Kurylko Volkswagen and Audi will debut new dealership design standards at a flagship store planned for Manhattan.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Engines for the US market included the 1.8 petrol, 1.6 turbocharged diesel and the Audi 5 cylinder in 2.1 and later 2.2 liter displacement.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In late 2008 the idea of a 4-door saloon for the Lamborghini brand was shown in the form of the Lamborghini Estoque concept.
.For Bentley, its future within the Volkswagen Group seemed bright as the launch of the Bentley Continental range helped Bentley post record-breaking sales of 10,000. Bentley is in 2009 going to launch a new Arnage-replacing car codenamed Project Kimberly, the car being named the 'New Grand Bentley.'^ Volkswagen Fox Brand New - From £7,460 - £9,095 View Dealers Offers VOLKSWAGEN’S extensive and diverse range starts with the Volkswagen Fox city car which boasts the same build quality and high safety standards as the rest ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 2009 Volkswagen Jetta is still the only average-priced sedan made in Europe and available in the U.S. 2009 hails the return of both the wagon and the diesel-fueled TDI models which gives new car buyers a wider selection.  .
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen Scirocco TSI For 2010 the German automaker will offer the fresh Scirocco sports car with a new entry level engine: a 1.4 Liter (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

The name is uncertain.
.Bugatti, after Volkswagen purchased the rights to use the name, showed three concept cars, the Bugatti EB110 (coupe and saloon) and the Bugatti Chiron.^ Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com .
  • Volkswagen - Used Cars for Sale - Carsforsale.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carsforsale.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At Breakeryard.com we have many suppliers linked to us, who are able to supply any used or secondhand Volkswagen cheap car spares you could ever need.
  • http://www.breakeryard.com/cars/makes/Volkswagen.aspx 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.breakeryard.com [Source type: General]

^ (It will not be the same as the Microbus concept vehicle that Volkswagen showed here for a while, which they decided not to produce.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bugatti then launched the Veyron hypercar, with a top speed of 252 mph (406 km/h).^ The sprint from 0 to 62 mph will be made in about 6,5 seconds, while top speed is limited to 155 mph.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen's new 2.8 V6 VR6 engine (also used in the Golf and Corrado ) was also made available in 1991, giving the top-of-the-range Passat a top speed of 224 km/h (139 mph).
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although Bugatti makes a huge loss on every Veyron, Volkswagen is still going to keep the brand and maybe will launch a new Rolls Royce Phantom-rivaling saloon rumored to be called Royale.^ View More Details Volkswagen Eos Brand New - From £19,499 - £33,145 View Dealers Offers AS the UK continues to go coupe-cabriolet crazy Volkswagen weighs in with one of the most attractive models on the market, the Volkswagen ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Passat CC Brand New - From £21,930 - £31,660 View Dealers Offers Volkswagen’s roomy Passat saloon and estate family models enjoy a fine ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in that year, the horsepower of the VR6 engine was increased to 201, although this did not make a huge difference in driveability.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

2001 to date: model range expansion

.Volkswagen began introducing an array of new models after Bernd Pischetsrieder became Volkswagen Group CEO (responsible for all Group brands) in 2002. The fifth-generation VW Golf was launched in 2004, came runner-up to the Fiat Panda in the 2004 European Car of the Year, and has spawned several cousins: VW Bora, SEAT León, SEAT Toledo, Škoda Octavia and Audi A3 hatchback ranges, as well as a new mini-MPV, the SEAT Altea.^ The car was introduced in different forms, and they all fell between Volkswagen Golf and the Jetta models.
  • Volkswagen Passat Parts | Volkswagen Passat Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Eos Brand New - From £19,499 - £33,145 View Dealers Offers AS the UK continues to go coupe-cabriolet crazy Volkswagen weighs in with one of the most attractive models on the market, the Volkswagen ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only was it the first step of VW moving its products upmarket to plug a gap between the mainstream machines and the premium cars, with SEAT and Škoda taking over as the "mainstream" brands, it also brought in a new level of interior quality and sophistication never seen before from a mainstream brand in the class.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The GTI, a "hot hatchback" performance version of the Golf, boasts a 2.0 L Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) direct injection engine.^ Volkswagen Golf GTI - US version .
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ The second issue concerns faulty fuel lines on cars with the 1.8-liter turbocharged engine.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen Golf VI GTI RZR The Volkswagen Golf GTI has become know as a hot hatch the world over, however it has taken the keen eye of a Hong (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.VW began marketing the Golf under the Rabbit name once again in the U.S. and Canada in June 2006. (The GTI had arrived to North America four months earlier).^ Volkswagen Rabbit, GTI: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Repair Manual on DVD-ROM .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As for a few nay sayers out there on the reliability of VW, I have a 1985 Golf GTI with 220K on it and minimal maintenance considering I thrash it every chance I get.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ H&R Volkswagen GTI Mk.VI at the 2009 SEMA Show Another wonder from Germany that we aren’t privy to just yet is the next generation Volkswagen Golf GTI. While VW (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.The fifth-generation Jetta, and the performance version, the GLI, are also available in the United States and Canada.^ In Canada, a full Westfalia camper was also offered at this time (with sink and stove), but Volkswagen chose not to offer it in the United States.
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eurovan CL, GL, & MV In the United States, the '93 Eurovan was available as either a passenger van (in CL or upgraded GL versions) or a MultiVan (Eurovan MV).
  • BusDepot.com - VW Bus / Camper / Vanagon / EuroVan Specialists 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.busdepot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The sixth-generation Passat and the fifth-generation Jetta both debuted in 2005, and VW has announced plans to expand its lineup further by bringing back the Scirocco by 2008. Other models in Wolfgang Bernhard's (Volkswagen brand CEO) "product offensive" include the Tiguan mid-sized SUV in 2008 and a Passat Coupé.^ Volkswagen Jetta Service Manual: 2005-2008 (paper) .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Tiguan Brand New - From £19,499 - £27,900 View Dealers Offers Volkswagen’s Tiguan is a recent arrival to the mid-range SUV sector and is a top-quality package bristling with new technology features.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View More Details Volkswagen New Polo Brand New - From £9,910 - £15,775 View Dealers Offers The latest Volkswagen Polo is the fifth generation in the supermini’s 34-year history and is the largest and most technically advanced but remains true to the ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In November 2006 Bernd Pischetsrieder announced his resignation as Volkswagen Group CEO, and was replaced by Audi worldwide CEO Martin Winterkorn at the beginning of 2007. Winterkorn is credited with making Audi a challenger to the dominance of BMW and Mercedes, and his design-led strategy has led to Audi being considered one of the most important brands in the world.^ View More Details Volkswagen Eos Brand New - From £19,499 - £33,145 View Dealers Offers AS the UK continues to go coupe-cabriolet crazy Volkswagen weighs in with one of the most attractive models on the market, the Volkswagen ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dynamically, the most notable thing about the Passat was its good ride, which was as good as anything produced by Mercedes-Benz or BMW .
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Applicable: VW, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, with OEM oil filter 76mm 14 point.

.It remains to be seen how Winterkorn's focus on design shapes the Volkswagen brand's future.^ Style-wise the Passat introduced a new design language, first seen on the Concept 1 concept car, for the latest generation of Volkswagens.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nevertheless, Volkswagen continues to have complicated relations with both unions and shareholders. .The German state of Lower Saxony owns significant stock in VW, as does sports car manufacturer Porsche.^ Volkswagen Scirocco The Volkswagen Scirocco is a compact sport car designed by the German automaker Volkswagen since 1974 to 1992.
  • Volkswagen Scirocco Parts | Volkswagen Scirocco Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen Scirocco TSI For 2010 the German automaker will offer the fresh Scirocco sports car with a new entry level engine: a 1.4 Liter (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ RUSSIA - Volkswagen AG, a majority-owned unit of Porsche Automonbil Holding SE acquired OOO Volkswagen Rus, a manufacturer and wholesaler of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

The B5.5 fifth-generation Passat facelift
In North America, VW faced many challenges. .After rising significantly between 1998 and 2001, VW's North American sales began to fall sharply leading to a 2005 loss of roughly US$1 billion for its operations in the U.S. and Canada.^ Volkswagen Passat 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 including Wagon and 4Motion Repair Manual on DVD-ROM .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

Profitability has not been strong, and the lack of reliability of the company's cars appears to bear some of the responsibility for this situation. .By 2005, its models sat near the bottom of Consumer Reports reliability ratings, and J.D. Power and Associates ranked VW 35th out of 37 bands in its initial quality survey.^ Reliability, however, is not among them, according to the latest Consumer Reports reliability survey.
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ CNNMoney: Consumer Reports: Most reliable cars .
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Attempts to enter a new market segment also compromised Volkswagen's standing in North America.^ The Volkswagen New Beetle entered production in 1998, and like it predecessors it was a very successful model.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen New Beetle Final Edition The Volkswagen New Beetle entered production in 1998, and like it predecessors it was a very successful model.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ The New Compact Coupe from Volkswagen is a well styled and fun take on the ever increasing small car segment that we can’t wait to see more of.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.In 2002, Volkswagen announced the debut of its Phaeton luxury car, which was critically acclaimed but not well received in the marketplace.^ Volkswagen Scirocco R : 2010 Sports car has international debut at the Nürburgring.
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen has the best "certified pre-owned" car program of any non-luxury brand, according to a survey by IntelliChoice.com.
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The New Compact Coupe from Volkswagen is a well styled and fun take on the ever increasing small car segment that we can’t wait to see more of.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.VW announced its discontinuance in the U.S. market for the 2007 model year due to the disappointing sales.^ Sounds a lot better than the Pumpe Dse (PD) engines VW was using for a few years before 2007.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Peter: The article clearly states that this is a production model and will be offered for sale in Europe by the end of next year.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ VW Beetle 1300 after professional restoration For Sale (1965) VW Beetle with 1965 year,.
  • Classic Volkswagen Cars For Sale, Volkswagens Car Wanted. Used/Private/Trade, Buyer/Seller, Old Cars on Car and Classic Co UK 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carandclassic.co.uk [Source type: News]

The 2006 Jetta
.Volkswagen in 2005, despite challenges, still maintained North American sales of 224,195—a dramatic increase from the low in 1993 when US sales totaled only 49,533 vehicles.^ Mark 3 Passat 4-door sedan (North American) The Mk 3 Passat was heavily facelifted in 1993, and because of this it has sometimes been referred to as the Mk IV Passat while Volkswagen even renamed the platform B4.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Byline: Rick Kranz Volkswagen Group of America knows it needs to improve its image and offer vehicles Americans want in order to boost U.S. sales.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

.Momentum continued for fiscal 2006, as VW's North American sales for the year were 235,140 vehicles, a 4.9 percent increase over 2005, despite a slump in domestic North American manufacturer's sales.^ In 2005 VW announced its discontinuance in the US market for fall 2006, mainly due to the disappointing sales there and the need for major investments in the car's line of engines (W12 and V8) to meet new emission requirements.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ After rising significantly between 1998 and 2002, VW's North American sales began to fall sharply leading to a 2005 loss of roughly $1 billion (U.S.) for its operations in the U.S. and Canada.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ In 2004, VW Commercial vehicles enter the European Truck racing series with the Titan series truck it became Back to Back champion for the 2004 and 2005 series.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.VW plans to close out the decade with the release on several new vehicles worldwide and a barrage of advertising.^ Single cabs were not part of the original bus plan for VW. The VW bus was designed as a simple to operate vehicle to carry cargo.
  • VW Sage 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwsage.com [Source type: General]

.In conjunction with the introduction of new models, production location of Volkswagen vehicles also underwent great change.^ VOLKSWAGEN TOUAREG Manufactured between : 11/30/2007 and 12/12/2007 Defect : on certain passenger vehicles, a fuel supply line was changed during production which could lead to insufficient sealing of the fuel supply line connector.
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on New Beetle models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen Passat Parts Inventory Samples ( change vehicle ) .
  • Volkswagen Passat Parts | Volkswagen Passat Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

.The 2007 Eos, a hardtop convertible, is produced in a new facility in Portugal.^ CC EOS GOLF GTI JETTA JETTA SPORTWAGEN NEW BEETLE NEW BEETLE CONVERTIBLE NEW JETTA PASSAT PASSAT CC PASSAT WAGON R32 RABBIT ROUTAN TIGUAN TOUAREG .
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All Golfs/Rabbits and GTIs as of 2006 are manufactured in Wolfsburg, Germany, rather than VW's Mexican factory in Puebla, where Golfs and GTIs for the North American market were produced from 1989 to 1998, and the Brazilian factory in Curitiba, where Golfs and GTIs were produced from 1999 to 2006. (The Jetta has primarily been made in Mexico since 1989).^ Applicable: 1999 and newer VW Golf, Jetta .

^ All of these cars are being made in Germany for the North American market instead of at VW's South American factory, where Golfs and Jettas for the United States and Canada have been made in the past.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Ahead of the new Rabbit, the fifth-generation GTI is already on sale in North America and has generated interest among the VW faithful with its "Make friends with your fast" and "Unpimp My Ride" advertising campaigns.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

VW is also in the process of reconfiguring an automotive assembly plant in Belgium. The new models and investments in manufacturing improvements were noticed immediately by automotive critics. .Favorable reviews for VW's newest cars include the GTI being named by Consumer Reports as the top sporty car under $25,000, one of Car and Driver magazine's "10 Best" for 2007, Automobile Magazine's 2007 Car of the Year, as well as a 2008 Motor Trend comparison ranking the mid-size Passat first in its class.^ In China, the Santana is their version of the Passat and is the best selling car in 2007.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fortune: MAXI HOPES RIDE ON NEW MINI CARS Fleets of smaller small cars, priced under $6,000, are starting to roll into U.S. showrooms.
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen Passat Mk VI 4-door sedan The latest Passat was first displayed at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2005 and launched in Europe in the summer of 2005.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The J. D. Power and Associates 2006 Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout (APEAL) Study scored Volkswagen fourteenth overall with strong performances by its new Jetta and Passat models.^ The 2009 Volkswagen Jetta is still the only average-priced sedan made in Europe and available in the U.S. 2009 hails the return of both the wagon and the diesel-fueled TDI models which gives new car buyers a wider selection.  .
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The 2005 Volkswagen Jetta received the best score ever in a side-impact crash test performed by an insurance group.
  • Volkswagen AG: News & Videos about Volkswagen AG - CNN.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen Passat CC Brand New - From £21,930 - £31,660 View Dealers Offers Volkswagen’s roomy Passat saloon and estate family models enjoy a fine ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The fifth-generation Golf, sold in North America as the Rabbit.
.Volkswagen is recognized as one of the leading small diesel engine manufacturers, and is partnering with Mercedes and other companies to market BlueTec clean diesel technology, calling it BlueMotion.^ Under the hood there is a 2.0-liter clean diesel engine that produces 140 hp and an impressive 236 lbs.-ft.
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen Golf R will get LED tail lamps The Volkswagen Golf is easily one of the most popular hot hatches on the market today, the German automaker has (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

.Volkswagen has offered a number of its vehicles with a TDI (Turbocharged Direct Injection) engine, which lends class-leading fuel economy to several models.^ Volkswagen Tiguan Track & Avenue Volkswagen is extending their lineup of compact crossovers with a new special edition model that offers owners a (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ Volkswagen Scirocco TSI For 2010 the German automaker will offer the fresh Scirocco sports car with a new entry level engine: a 1.4 Liter (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ VOLKSWAGEN TOUAREG Manufactured between : 11/30/2007 and 12/12/2007 Defect : on certain passenger vehicles, a fuel supply line was changed during production which could lead to insufficient sealing of the fuel supply line connector.
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, four of the ten most fuel-efficient vehicles available for sale in the U.S. in 2004 were powered by Volkswagen diesel engines.^ GERMANY - Volkswagen AG planned to acquire a ##% stake in MAN AG, a Munich- based manufacturer and wholesaler of commercial vehicles, engines and mechanical engineering equipments.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Will the fuel efficiency difference make up for the higher cost of diesel fuel?
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ VOLKSWAGEN GOLF Manufactured between : 03/01/2004 and 08/29/2004 Defect : on certain passenger vehicles, the high pressure diesel pumps were produced with an improper fastener, which could allow diesel fuel to escape from the pump.
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were a three-way tie for 8th (TDI Beetle, TDI Golf, TDI Jetta) and ninth, the TDI Jetta Wagon.^ Applicable: 4 cylinder Golf/Jetta through 1998, 4 cylinder Passat, Corrado, VW models with 1.9 TDI through 1997 and Audi 4 cylinder diesel models.

^ The car was introduced in different forms, and they all fell between Volkswagen Golf and the Jetta models.
  • Volkswagen Passat Parts | Volkswagen Passat Body Parts 20 September 2009 7:54 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ Applicable: 1998 & newer VW Golf, Jetta, Passat & new Beetle.

.As of 2007, VW has not yet offered a gasoline/electric hybrid powertrain such as that in the Toyota Prius (though a diesel-electric hybrid 5th generation Jetta was produced as a test vehicle).^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on Jetta models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ VOLKSWAGEN PASSAT Manufactured between : 06/01/1999 and 05/31/2005 Defect : volkswagen is recalling 412,000 my 1999-2005 passat (5th generation) vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions and produced after june 14, 1999.
  • Volkswagen Recalls Information - Ikon Auto - Automobile Recall News 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.ikonauto.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on Jetta SportWagen models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

.In addition, all Volkswagen TDI diesel engines produced from 1996 to 2006 can be driven on 100% biodiesel fuel.^ In addition, all VAG TDI diesel engines produced since 1996 can be driven on 100% biodiesel.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The Ingolstadt-based firm had the necessary expertise in front wheel drive and water-cooled engines that Volkswagen so desperately needed to produce a credible Beetle successor.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ All the Used Volkswagen Parts we stock through our system are 100% guaranteed which means we can offer you unrivalled service as one of our valued customers.
  • http://www.breakeryard.com/cars/makes/Volkswagen.aspx 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.breakeryard.com [Source type: General]

For the 2007 model year, however, strict U.S. government emissions regulations have forced VW to drop most diesels from their U.S. engine lineup, but a new lineup of diesel engines compatible to U.S. standards are due for 2008.
The 2006 Eos hardtop convertible
.Volkswagen long resisted adding a utility vehicle to its lineup, but it finally relented with the introduction of the Touareg in the early 2000s, sharing major components with the Porsche Cayenne and Audi Q7 sport utility vehicles.^ Volkswagen plans to build the BlueSport at former Karmann facility The German automaker Volkswagen has a long history with the independent motor vehicle manufacturing firm Karmann, (...
  • Volkswagen cars - Top Speed 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.topspeed.com [Source type: General]

^ RUSSIA - Volkswagen AG, a majority-owned unit of Porsche Automonbil Holding SE acquired OOO Volkswagen Rus, a manufacturer and wholesaler of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ DailyTech says it also could appear in the VW Tiguan and Audi Q5 crossover utility vehicles.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

Though acclaimed as a fine handling vehicle, the Touareg has been a modest seller at best. .Some automotive analysts blame the Touraeg's absence of a third-row seat, the relatively poor fuel economy, and the high vehicle mass.^ Though it was having some odds in it like weak power, rough ride, and high noise level, it has been the only vehicle that was produced for the longest and most produced vehicle of its type.
  • Volkswagen Beetle Parts | Volkswagen Beetle Body Parts 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.iautobodyparts.com [Source type: General]

^ This variant, sold from 2004-2005, is relatively rare on the used market and examples in good condition command high resale prices for their fuel economy and ability to operate on increasingly inexpensive biofuels.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The TDI version is in high demand today and commands a high resale price in the U.S. due to its fuel economy and ability to operate on locally produced biofuels.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.VW plans to add a compact SUV with styling influences from its "Concept A" concept vehicle.^ Single cabs were not part of the original bus plan for VW. The VW bus was designed as a simple to operate vehicle to carry cargo.
  • VW Sage 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwsage.com [Source type: General]

^ While we can’t always predict how a concept vehicle will change at production, the 2005 VW Golf curb weight is in the range of 2850 lbs.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.On July 20, 2006, VW announced that the new vehicle would be called the Tiguan.^ In 2005 VW announced its discontinuance in the US market for fall 2006, mainly due to the disappointing sales there and the need for major investments in the car's line of engines (W12 and V8) to meet new emission requirements.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ The 2009 Volkswagen Tiguan is a SUV that seats up to five passengers.  The 2009 VW Tiguan is all-new for 2009.
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

.Since the discontinuance of the T4 in 2003 and decision not to bring the T5 to the US market, it was ironic that Volkswagen lacked a van in its North American lineup considering that VW was a major player in the development of the class with its original Transporter.^ Body #2784, European specification, originally purchased in Germany by a member of the US military, then shipped to the US. I have the birth certificate from Volkswagen showing .....
  • Classic Volkswagen Cars For Sale, Volkswagens Car Wanted. Used/Private/Trade, Buyer/Seller, Old Cars on Car and Classic Co UK 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carandclassic.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ In 2005 VW announced its discontinuance in the US market for fall 2006, mainly due to the disappointing sales there and the need for major investments in the car's line of engines (W12 and V8) to meet new emission requirements.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ In 2003, VW Australia was the first to race and develop the R32 Golf in the 2004 GT Performance series, and came 2nd overall.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

.The firm did however launch a rebadged DaimlerChrysler named the Volkswagen Routan for the U.S. and Canadian markets in 2008. Owing to technical difficulty adapting the Polo to meet North American vehicle regulations, VW presented in 2006 the "Iroc" as a concept of the proposed 2009 Scirocco as a potential new small model.^ APR offer good on new 2009 Routan models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Eos Brand New - From £19,499 - £33,145 View Dealers Offers AS the UK continues to go coupe-cabriolet crazy Volkswagen weighs in with one of the most attractive models on the market, the Volkswagen ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View More Details Volkswagen New Polo Brand New - From £9,910 - £15,775 View Dealers Offers The latest Volkswagen Polo is the fifth generation in the supermini’s 34-year history and is the largest and most technically advanced but remains true to the ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In September 2006, Volkswagen began offering the City Golf and City Jetta only for the Canadian market.^ Volkswagen Jetta Owner's Manual: 2006 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Volkswagen Golf Owner's Manual: 2006 .
  • Volkswagen Technical and Owner Information  -  Bentley Publishers - Repair Manuals and Automotive Books 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.bentleypublishers.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Classic Volkswagen Funeral cars For Hire (1972) Volkswagen Funerals are able to offer VW 'Type 26' Bay coach built hearse, the only one of it's type offered in this country.
  • Classic Volkswagen Cars For Sale, Volkswagens Car Wanted. Used/Private/Trade, Buyer/Seller, Old Cars on Car and Classic Co UK 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carandclassic.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Both models were originally the Mk4 Golf and Jetta but were later replaced with the Brazilian versions of the Golf Mk4 and Bora.^ The reason why the reliability of VW Jettas and Golf sucks in USA and Passat does not, is because the USA version of Jettas and Golfs are made in Mexico, whereas the Passat is made in Germany.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Applicable: 4 cylinder Golf/Jetta through 1998, 4 cylinder Passat, Corrado, VW models with 1.9 TDI through 1997 and Audi 4 cylinder diesel models.

^ Volkswagen models with female threads on expansion tank 1990-1998 (except 1999 Golf, Jetta; 1998-1999 New Beetle; 1998-1999 Passat; .

The City Golf and City Jetta were introduced to compete with the Toyota Yaris and Honda Fit. .Volkswagen's introduction of such models is seen as a test of the market for a subcompact and, if successful, may be the beginnings of a thriving subcompact market for Volkswagen.^ It was critical to Volkswagen on its introduction in 1973, as the sales of the aging Beetle were declining, and larger air-cooled rear-engined models like the Volkswagen Type 3 and 411 and 412 based on older technology were also failing to take hold in the market.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volkswagen will exclusively offer SIRIUS beginning with the introduction of its 2007 model year vehicles, and expects to equip approximately 80% with SIRIUS satellite radio receivers.
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Passat has always been one of Volkswagen 's most important models, falling in the middle of the sedan/saloon market segment.
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When Martin Winterkorn became the eighth postwar CEO of Volkswagen, the company made several personnel changes in Wolfsburg.^ The car and its town changed their Second World War-era names to Volkswagen and Wolfsburg respectively, and production was increasing.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen Polo 1990 While Volkswagen's range of cars soon became similar to that of other large European car-makers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company.
  • Volkswagen - Wikicars 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: News]

Though the VW Group already had their presence in India with Škoda Auto, Volkswagen introduced the Passat and Touareg with TDI engine to India's automobile market in September 2007.
.The VW 1L will be available in 2010, in limited numbers.^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on Routan models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ Only a limited number of full tax credits are available.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on CC models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

The 1L is a lightweight two-person vehicle made out of a magnesium frame covered by an unpainted carbon-fiber skin. Every component of the vehicle is intended to reduce the vehicle's weight. .Aluminum brakes, carbon-fiber wheels, titanium hubs, and ceramic bearings all contribute to the vehicle's light weight of a mere 290 kg.^ All Wheel Drive Vehicles .
  • Volkswagen Passat - Wikicars 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC wikicars.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To reduce the weight even further, and to increase the aerodynamics of the vehicle, there are no rearview mirrors. Instead, the car is equipped with cameras that display visual information to the driver through the internal LCD screen. .The car is extremely fuel-efficient, each gallon of fuel will take you over 235 miles.^ If regular unleaded is $3, the 2.5L car will have a fuel cost of $0.12 per mile.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ For the diesel fuel to cost the same per mile, it would have to be selling for $4.68/gallon.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ That means the 4 gallons of peanut oil left over from frying your Thanksgiving turkey will get you over 250 miles with this car.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

The fuel tank holds just 1.7 gallons, making the entire travel distance capability about 400 miles per tank. Its top speed is 120 km/h (75 mph), which although not very fast is a welcome tradeoff for the huge savings in fuel consumption.
On July 15, 2008 Volkswagen announced that they will construct an automobile assembly plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee.[18] .This plant will produce cars specifically designed for North America beginning with the New Midsize Sedan, which will be more competitive with North American market leaders Toyota Camry and Honda Accord.^ Volkswagen Passat Brand New - From £17,745 - £34,030 View Dealers Offers Volkswagen has the distinction of producing arguably the best family car on the market in terms of roominess, build quality and value for money.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GM will build Regal in Oshawa DETROIT General Motors will build its new #### Buick Regal sedan in Oshawa, Ontario, beginning in the first quarter of ####.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Beetle Brand New - From £12,990 - £22,040 View Dealers Offers VOLKSWAGEN’S Beetle is a car that rules the heart.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Production is scheduled to begin in early 2011 and is expected to end more than five years of losses in the world's largest auto market.^ If anything, my phone is ringing off the hook more than last year.
  • VW Sage 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwsage.com [Source type: General]

[18]
.By the end of Quarter 3, 2009, Volkswagen had overtaken Toyota as the world's largest car manufacturer, selling c.^ GERMANY - Volkswagen AG agreed to acquire Wilhelm Karmann GmbH, an Osnabrueck- based manufacturer of cars.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Categories: Car Shows , EVs and Hybrids It’s official - Volkswagen is unveiling a hybrid to challenge the mighty Toyota Prius .
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Hasn’t happened yet; it always ends up being a smaller car that’s available only in Europe (way too dirty to sell here).
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

4.8m vehicles (4.4m estimated by IHS Global Insight) in the 9 months to the end of September. By comparison Toyota had sold just 4m in the same period. Toyota later challenged this claim, stating that their production figures were 4.9m. .However, the independent source for the data, IHS Global Insight, re-stated its belief that Volkswagen had overtaken Toyota in the first 3 quarters of 2009. Whilst this is a significant change in the global pecking order, it's widely believed that Toyota will overtake Volkswagen again, possibly by the end of 2009, as production is ramped up as the world emerges from its economic slump.^ Global Credit Research Rating Action ## MAR #### Rating Action: Volkswagen Financial Services Singapore Ltd Moody's changes Volkswagen's outlook to stable and affirms the A#/P-# ratings.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

However, Volkswagen should retain the number two spot, having also overtaken GM in recent months. Volkswagen is aiming to become, sustainably, the world's largest car maker by 2018.
.In December 9, 2009, Volkswagen AG and Suzuki reach a common understanding to establish a close long-term strategic partnership.^ Byline: Matthias Krust Volkswagen AG's stake in the Japanese small car specialist Suzuki Motor Corp.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen AG acquires a minority stake in Suzuki Motor Corp .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Global Credit Research Issuer Comment # DEC #### Issuer Comment: Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Moody's: Volkswagen's ratings unaffected by announcement to acquire a ##.#% stake in Suzuki Moody's Investors Service says that Volkswagen AG's ("VW") A# long … .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

.Volkswagen will purchase 19.9% of Suzuki’s issued shares.^ Moody's: Volkswagen's ratings unaffected by announcement to acquire a 19.9% stake in Suzuki .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

[19]
.In February 2010, Volkswagen announced the latest Polo BlueMotion model with a 1.2 litre TDI three-cylinder common rail diesel engine rated at 75 PS and 133 lb ft of torque from 2000 rpm.^ According to a Google translation of Germany’s Auto Bild , the potential Prius killer sports a 74-horsepower three-cylinder TDI engine — Autoblog speculates it’s the 1.4-liter used in the Polo BlueMotion — mated to a 27-horsepower electric motor and a seven-speed double-clutch DSG transmission.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ The heart of the TDI-hybrid is a 75 PS common rail diesel backed up with a 27 PS electric motor.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Tax Credit available now on all new Jetta TDI Clean Diesel and Jetta Sportwagen TDI Clean Diesel models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

.This model emits 91g/km of CO2 and has a combined cycle fuel consumption of 80.7 mpg.^ Specification includes 41.5 mpg combined 158 g/km CO2 emissions Air-conditioning with electronic climate ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specification includes 44.8 mpg combined 149 g/km Co2 emissions 16" Toronto alloy wheels, semi automatic air ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specification Includes 43.5 mpg combined 154 g/km Co2 emissions Air Conditioning 16" Adelaide Alloy Wheels ...
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]

Relationship with Porsche, and the Volkswagen Law

.Volkswagen has always had a close relationship with Porsche, the Zuffenhausen-based sports car manufacturer founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche, the original Volkswagen designer and Volkswagen company founder.^ Volkswagen AG (Volkswagen), a majority- owned unit of Porsche Automonbil Holding SE (Porsche), discontinued rumors that it was planning to acquire the sports car business of Porsche, a Stuttgart-based manufacturer of motor vehicles, accessories and spare parts.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ GERMANY - Volkswagen AG agreed to acquire Wilhelm Karmann GmbH, an Osnabrueck- based manufacturer of cars.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ RUSSIA - Volkswagen AG, a majority-owned unit of Porsche Automonbil Holding SE acquired OOO Volkswagen Rus, a manufacturer and wholesaler of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

.The first Porsche car, the Porsche 64 of 1938, used many components from the Volkswagen Beetle.^ Car Spoilers for 2009 Volkswagen Beetle .
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

^ View More Details Volkswagen Beetle Brand New - From £12,990 - £22,040 View Dealers Offers VOLKSWAGEN’S Beetle is a car that rules the heart.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t know why we have so many first model year cars up here, but we do.
  • VW Sage 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.vwsage.com [Source type: General]

The 1948 Porsche 356 continued using many Volkswagen components, including a tuned engine, gearbox and suspension.
.The two companies continued their collaboration in 1969 to make the VW-Porsche 914 and 914-6, whereby the 914-6 had a 6-cylinder Porsche engine, and the standard 914 had a 4-cylinder Volkswagen engine, and in 1976 with the Porsche 912E (USA only), and the Porsche 924, which used many Audi components and was built at an Audi Neckarsulm factory.^ Byline: Diana T. Kurylko Volkswagen and Audi will debut new dealership design standards at a flagship store planned for Manhattan.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen AG will install flagship dealerships for VW and Audi in a #-story building in New York City that formerly housed a Potamkin family GM store.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

Most 944s also were built there, although they used far fewer VW components.
.The Porsche Cayenne, introduced in 2002, shares its entire chassis with VW Touareg and Audi Q7, which are built at the Volkswagen factory in Bratislava.^ Volkswagen AG will install flagship dealerships for VW and Audi in a #-story building in New York City that formerly housed a Potamkin family GM store.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ GERMANY - Porsche Automobil Holding SE (PA), formerly Porsche AG, raised its stake to ##.##% from ##.##%, by acquiring a #.##% stake, or ##.### mil ordinary shares and voting rights, in Volkswagen AG (VW), a Wolfsburg-based … .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

.In September 2005, Porsche announced it would increase its 5% stake in Volkswagen to 20% at a cost of €3 billion, with the intention that the combined stakes of Porsche and the government of Lower Saxony would ensure that any hostile takeover by foreign investors would be impossible.^ Qatar Investment Authority acquires a minority stake in Volkswagen AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE (pending) .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen AG acquires a minority stake in Dr Ing hcF Porsche AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Porsche Automobil Holding SE acquires a minority stake in Volkswagen AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

[21] Speculated suitors included DaimlerChrysler, BMW, and Renault. In July 2006, Porsche increased their ownership again to 25.1%.
.On February 13, 2007 Advocate General Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer ruled that a German law preventing any shareholder in Volkswagen from executing more than 20% of the total voting rights in the firm was illegally restricting the flow of capital in Europe.^ View More Details Volkswagen Beetle Brand New - From £12,990 - £22,040 View Dealers Offers VOLKSWAGEN’S Beetle is a car that rules the heart.
  • Volkswagen Cars | Benfield Volkswagen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.drivebenfield.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Compact Cars Volkswagen is more than just Beetles .
  • Volkswagen - Overview for Volkswagen - CarGurus 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cargurus.com [Source type: General]

^ German auto-maker Volkswagen is celebrating having been in Vietnam for more than a month through its official authorised importer, World Auto, an arm of Vietnam Motors Incorporated.
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

[22] This again opened the possibility of a hostile takeover of VW and so on 26 March of the same year Porsche took its holding of Volkswagen shares to 30.9%. .Porsche formally announced in a press statement that it did not intend to take over Volkswagen, but intended the move to avoid a competitor taking a large stake and to stop hedge funds from dismantling VW.[23] As expected, on October 22, 2007 the European Court of Justice ruled in agreement with Ruiz-Jarabo and the law was struck down.^ Volkswagen Breaking VW Dismantling of Current Volkswagen Cars.
  • VW BREAKERS VOLKSWAGEN BREAKER VOLKSWAGEN SPARES USED VW PARTS FOR VOLKSWAGEN 19 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 VW MK1 MK2 MK3 MK4 MK5 AUDI SEAT SKODA 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.volkswagenspares.com [Source type: Reference]

[24]
Search Wikinews Wikinews has related news: Porsche and Volkswagen automakers agree to merger
.On October 26, 2008, Porsche finally revealed its plan to assume control of VW. As of that day, it held 42.6 percent of Volkswagen's ordinary shares and stock options on another 31.5 percent.^ Rumor dispelled that Volkswagen AG was planning acquisition of Porsche Auto Hldg SE-Sports Ca .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ GERMANY - Volkswagen AG, a unit of Porsche Automobil Holding SE, was rumored to be planning to acquire the remaining ##.#% interest or ##.### mil ordinary shares, which it did not already own, in MAN SE, a Munich-based … .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ SWEDEN - Volkswagen AG of Germany raised its stake to ##.##% from ##.##%, by acquiring a #.##% stake, or ##.### mil ordinary shares, comprised of #.### mil A ordinary shares and ##.### mil B ordinary … .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

Combined with the state of Lower Saxony's 20.1% stake, this left only 5.8% of shares on the market most of which were held by index funds who could not legally sell.[25] Hedge funds desperate to cover their short positions forced Volkswagen stock above one thousand euros per share, briefly making it the world's largest company by market capitalization on October 28, 2008.[26]
On 6 May 2009 the two companies decided to join together, in a merger.
On August 13, Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft's Supervisory Board signed the agreement to create an integrated automotive group with Porsche led by Volkswagen. .The initial decision was for Volkswagen to take a 42.0 percent stake in Porsche AG by the end of 2009, and it would also see the family shareholders selling the automobile trading business of Porsche Holding Salzburg to Volkswagen.^ Volkswagen AG acquires a minority stake in Dr Ing hcF Porsche AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Volkswagen AG acquires Porsche Holding Salzburg (pending) .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

^ Porsche Automobil Holding SE acquires a minority stake in Volkswagen AG from Porsche Automobil Holding SE .
  • Volkswagen AG - Wolfsburg Germany - Company Snapshot - AlacraStore.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.alacrastore.com [Source type: News]

[27] In October 2009 however, Volkswagen announced that its percentage in Porsche would be 49.9% for a cost of 3.9 billion euros (the 42.0% deal would have cost 3.3 billion euros).[28]

Clean Diesel

.Volkswagen has been selling low sulfur diesel-powered engines for the European market since 2003.[29] VW developed Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) technology for diesel engines, and it offers a wide array of TDI powertrains.^ Diesel engines offer a number of advantages.
  • Revealed: Volkswagen’s 69.9-MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Stock number 1999 VW GOLF MK4 2003 R32 ENGINE FIRE .
  • VW BREAKERS VOLKSWAGEN BREAKER VOLKSWAGEN SPARES USED VW PARTS FOR VOLKSWAGEN 19 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 VW MK1 MK2 MK3 MK4 MK5 AUDI SEAT SKODA 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.volkswagenspares.com [Source type: Reference]

^ VW hasn’t released a picture of the hybrid, so we’re offering a shot of its diesel Golf Bluemotion.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

As modern diesel fuel economy is 30 percent higher than gasoline engines, a proportional reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is achieved with clean diesel technology.[30] Volkswagen is also developing hybrid technology for diesel-electric.[30] .A VW Golf turbo-diesel hybrid concept car was exhibited at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show, which has a fuel economy of 70 mpg (3.3 liters per 100 km).^ VW 97 TRANSPORTER 1.9 TURBO DIESEL .
  • VW BREAKERS VOLKSWAGEN BREAKER VOLKSWAGEN SPARES USED VW PARTS FOR VOLKSWAGEN 19 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 VW MK1 MK2 MK3 MK4 MK5 AUDI SEAT SKODA 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.volkswagenspares.com [Source type: Reference]

^ VW Golf Mk2 VR6 For Sale (1990) The time has come to put my car up for sale.
  • Classic Volkswagen Cars For Sale, Volkswagens Car Wanted. Used/Private/Trade, Buyer/Seller, Old Cars on Car and Classic Co UK 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.carandclassic.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ VW GOLF MK4 20V NON TURBO FLOOD DAMAGE .
  • VW BREAKERS VOLKSWAGEN BREAKER VOLKSWAGEN SPARES USED VW PARTS FOR VOLKSWAGEN 19 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 VW MK1 MK2 MK3 MK4 MK5 AUDI SEAT SKODA 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.volkswagenspares.com [Source type: Reference]

[31]
.Volkswagen of America Inc. promotes its work in developing "clean diesel", and other fuel-efficient technologies, to increase U.S. sales to environmentally conscious consumers.^ Volkswagen of America, Inc.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

.One of the vehicles being promoted is the 2009 clean-diesel Jetta TDI, which has a 16-valve, four-cylinder common rail direct injection engine which reduces emissions by 90 percent.^ APR offer good on new 2009 Jetta SportWagen models (excludes TDI).
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ Tax Credit available now on all new Jetta TDI Clean Diesel and Jetta Sportwagen TDI Clean Diesel models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

Volkswagen also claims that this model has the advantage of fuel economy in the mid-50s and mid-40s in city conditions. .Stefan Jacoby, CEO of America's Volkswagen, said that it will be released in a sedan and sport-wagon model in May 2008 in California, becoming the first 50-state clean diesel offering.^ The 2009 Volkswagen Jetta is still the only average-priced sedan made in Europe and available in the U.S. 2009 hails the return of both the wagon and the diesel-fueled TDI models which gives new car buyers a wider selection.  .
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The 2009 Volkswagen GTI comes in either a 2-door coupe or a 4-door sedan that both seat up to five passengers.  The 2009 VW GTI is a carryover from 2008.
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The 2009 Volkswagen Jetta sedan seats up to 5 passengers.  The 2009 VW Jetta is a carryover from 2008.
  • 2009 Volkswagen Showroom - FREE Information and Pics of the 2009 VW Beetle, Beetle Convertible, Eos, GLI, GTI, Jetta, Passat, Rabbit, R32 and Touareg 2 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cardata.com [Source type: Academic]

[32]

Alternative fuel

Neat ethanol vehicles

VW neat ethanol prototype car developed by Volkswagen do Brasil in 1978.
.Volkswagen do Brasil produced and sold neat ethanol vehicles (E100 only) in Brazil, and production was discontinued only after they were substituted by the more modern technology of flexible-fuel vehicles.^ Listed until its sold for Only $17.95 SELL YOUR VOLKSWAGEN .
  • VOLKSWAGEN BEETLE, BEETLE NEW, CABRIO, CABRIOLET, CORRADO, DUNE BUGGY, EUROVAN, FOX, GOLF, GTI, JETTA, KARMANN GHIA, PASSAT, PASSAT NEW, QUANTUM, RABBIT, SCIRROCO, THING, VANAGON - new car pricing - new car reviews- invoice price 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.autoseekandsell.com [Source type: News]

^ SIRIUS Satellite Radio has inked a deal with Volkswagen of America to offer SIRIUS as VW's sole satellite radio provider for vehicles sold in this country through 2012.
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

As a response to the 1973 oil crisis, the Brazilian government began promoting bioethanol as a fuel, and the National Alcohol Program -Pró-Álcool- (Portuguese: Programa Nacional do Álcool) was launched in 1975.[33][34][35] Compelled by the second oil crisis, and after development and testing with government fleets by the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (CTA) (CTA) at São José dos Campos, and further testing of several prototypes developed by the four local carmakers, including Volkswagen do Brasil, neat ethanol vehicles were launched in the Brazilian market beginning in that year.[33][34] .Gasoline engines were modified to support hydrous ethanol characteristics and changes included compression ratio, amount of fuel injected, replacement of materials that would get corroded by the contact with ethanol, use of colder spark plugs suitable for dissipating heat due to higher flame temperatures, and an auxiliary cold-start system that injects gasoline from a small tank in the engine compartment to help starting when cold.^ I would think with a hybrid system it would help with cold weather sluggishness.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ Now you know why Diesel is yet again starting to loose ground to turbocharged gasoline engines in Europe.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

.Six years later around three quarters of Brazilian passenger cars were manufactured with ethanol engines.^ It only took three and a half years, but my prognostication about diesel hybrid passenger vehicles is finally wringing true.
  • Coming Soon from VW: A 69.9 MPG Diesel Hybrid | Autopia | Wired.com 10 February 2010 11:48 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

[33][36]
Production and sales of neat ethanol vehicles tumbled beginning in 1987 owing to several factors, including a sharp decline in gasoline prices as a result of the 1980s oil glut, and high sugar prices in the world market, shifting sugarcane ethanol production from fuel to sugar. .By mid 1989 a shortage of ethanol fuel supply in the local market left thousands of vehicles in line at gas stations or out of fuel in their garages, forcing consumers to abandon ethanol vehicles.^ Companies Divisions Emblems by Brand Hood Ornaments by Brand Tuners Gas Stations Miscellaneous MARKETING .
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

[35][37]

Flexible-fuel vehicles

The 2003 VW Gol 1.6 Total Flex was the first full flexible-fuel vehicle launched in Brazil, capable of running on any blend of gasoline and ethanol (E100).
In March 2003, on its fiftieth anniversary, Volkswagen do Brasil launched in the local market the Gol 1.6 Total Flex, the first Brazilian commercial flexible fuel vehicle capable of running on any mix of E20-E25 gasoline and up to 100% hydrous ethanol fuel (E100).[38][39][40][41] After the neat ethanol fiasco, consumer confidence on ethanol-powered vehicles was restored, allowing a rapid adoption of the flex technology, which was facilitated by the fuel distribution infrastructure already in place throughout Brazil, with more than 30 thousand fueling stations, a heritage of the Pró-Álcool program,[42][43]
.Owing to the success and rapid consumer acceptance of the flex versions, by 2005 VW had sold 293,523 flex cars and light-duty trucks, and only 53,074 gasoline-powered automobiles,[44] jumping to 525,838 flex-fuel vehicles while selling only 13,572 cars and 248 light trucks powered by gasoline in 2007,[45] and reaching new car sales of 564,959 flex fuels in 2008, representing 96 percent of all cars and light-duty trucks sold in that year.^ Volkswagen 2008 December Sales A decrease of 3.2 percent versus 2007 sales.
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Transporter, Caravelle, Multivan and California - these are the four basic versions of an internationally best-selling vehicle so popular that is has sold in the millions.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

^ SIRIUS Satellite Radio has inked a deal with Volkswagen of America to offer SIRIUS as VW's sole satellite radio provider for vehicles sold in this country through 2012.
  • Volkswagen | Cartype 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.cartype.com [Source type: Academic]

[46] .VW do Brasil stopped manufacturing gasoline-only vehicles models for the local market in 2006,[39] and remaining gasoline-engine sales comes from imports.^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on CC models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on Tiguan models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

^ See your local VW dealer for this limited time offer or for one of many other great lease deals available on New Beetle models.
  • VW Special Offers - Volkswagen Discounts and Deals - VW.com 18 September 2009 9:58 UTC www.vw.com [Source type: General]

The flex fuel models produced for the local market are Gol, Fox, CrossFox, Parati, Polo Hatch, Polo Sedan, Saveiro, Golf, and Kombi.[47] By March 2009 Volkswagen do Brasil had attained the milestone mark of two million flexible-fuel vehicles produced since 2003.[48][49]

Electric vehicles

Volkswagen announced it has hired Karl-Thomas Neumann as its group chief officer for electric traction.[50]
.Volkswagen and Sanyo have teamed up to develop a hybrid vehicle battery system.^ With the Amarok, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles is now also entering the segment of mid-range pick-ups, representing an annual market volume of two million vehicles worldwide.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

[51]
.Volkswagen head Martin Winterkorn has confirmed the company plans to build compact hybrid vehicles.^ VW New Compact Coupe Concept For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company`s history.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

He has stated "There will definitely be compact hybrid models, such as Polo and Golf, and without any great delay", with gasoline and diesel engines. For example, Golf is the ideal model to go hybrid as the Golf 1.4 TSI was recently awarded the “Auto Environment Certificate” by the Oko-Trend Institute for Environmental Research, and was considered as one of the most environmentally friendly vehicles of 2007.[52] Also underway at Volkswagen's Braunschweig R&D facilities in Northern Germany is a hybrid version of the next-generation Touareg, due in 2010.[53]
VW intends all future models to have the hybrid option. “Future .VW models will fundamentally also be constructed with hybrid concepts,” VW head of development Ulrich Hackenberg told Automobilwoche in an interview.^ VW New Compact Coupe Concept For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company`s history.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

Hackenberg mentioned that the car based on the up! concept seen at Frankfurt Motor Show,[54] as well as all future models, could be offered with either full or partial hybrid options. The rear-engine up! will go into production in 2011. Nothing has been said about plug-in hybrid options.[55]
VW's Chief of research, Dr. Jürgen Leohold, said the company has concluded hydrogen fuel-cell cars are not a viable option.[56][57]

Current Volkswagen models

Europe

Americas

North America

Model United States
United States
Canada
Canada
Mexico
Mexico
Notes
City Golf An updated version of the Mk.IV Golf, only available with base 2.0 I4 engine.
City Jetta An updated version of the Mk.IV Jetta, only available with base 2.0 I4 engine.
CrossFox
Eos Jetta-based 2 door hardtop convertible.
GLI High-performance version of the Jetta.
Gol [58]
Golf
GTI High-performance version of the Golf.
Jetta MkIV Sold as the City Jetta in Canada
Jetta MkV Sold as the Bora in Mexico
Jetta Wagon Sold as the Jetta SportWagen in the US and the Bora SportWagen in Mexico
New Beetle
New Beetle Convertible
Passat Mid-size Sedan
Passat Wagon
Passat CC Sold as the CC in the US
Routan .Dodge Grand Caravan-based VW. A quick fix to get VW in the N.A. minivan market before bringing over European models.^ VW New Compact Coupe Concept For Volkswagen this marks the beginning of an action-packed year, in which more new models will be introduced than ever before in the company`s history.
  • Volkswagen cars. Autonews, specifications and reviews for Volkswagen with photo gallery 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.auto-power-girl.com [Source type: News]

SportVan The SportVan is a rebadged SpaceFox
Tiguan Small SUV. "The GTI of SUVs"
Touareg Full Size SUV developed alongside Porsche Cayenne.

Central America and Caribbean

Model The Bahamas Barbados Bermuda Cayman Islands Costa Rica Curaçao Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Nicaragua Panama Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Martin Trinidad and Tobago
Caddy
CrossFox
CrossPolo
Eos
Fox
Gol
Golf
GTI
Jetta/Bora MkIV
Jetta/Bora MkV
Jetta/Bora GLI MkV
Jetta/Bora Variant MkV
New Beetle
New Beetle Cabrio
Parati
Passat
Passat Variant
Polo
Saveiro
SpaceFox
Tiguan
Touareg

Asia

Africa

Model Algeria
Algeria
Egypt
Egypt
Morocco
Morocco
Réunion
Réunion
South Africa
South Africa
Notes
Citi Golf
CrossFox
CrossPolo
Eos
SpaceFox Sold as the Volkswagen Suran in Egypt
Gol
Golf
Golf GTI
Golf Plus
Golf R32
Golf Variant
Jetta
New Beetle
New Beetle Cabriolet
Parati
Passat
Passat CC Sold as the Volkswagen CC in South Africa
Polo
Polo GTI
Scirocco
Sharan
Tiguan
Touareg
Touran

Motorsport

  • In 1966, Volkswagen starting in Formula Vee — circuit racing with cars built from easily available Beetle parts — took off in Europe. It proved very popular as a low-cost route into formula racing.[59]
  • In 1971, Volkswagen moved on to the more powerful Formula Super Vee, which became famous for hothousing new talent. In the 11 years it ran, until 1982, it produced a stable of world-famous Formula One drivers — names like Niki Lauda, Jochen Mass, Nelson Piquet, Jochen Rindt and Keke Rosberg. Volkswagen also notched up several victories, and the championship in Formula Three.
  • In 1976, Volkswagen entered the under-2000-cc Trans-Am Series, with the Scirocco, and they won their class outright.[60]
  • In 1981, now based in Hanover, and renamed Volkswagen Motorsport, VW took a new direction into rallying, with the launch of the first-generation Golf, and Sweden's Per Eklund, Frenchman Jean-Luc Thérier, and the Finn Pentti Airikkala. The final chapters in Volkswagen Racing UK's rallying story were the 'one-make' Castrol Polo Challenge, and the Polo GTI 'Super 1600' in 2001.
  • In 2000, Volkswagen started a one-make racing cup with the newly released to Europe New Beetle called the ADAC New Beetle Cup. Beside that, the ADAC Volkswagen Lupo Cup, founded in 1998, is continued to support young talents on the way to the top.
  • In 2001, the department was renamed Volkswagen Racing, and since then has concentrated all its efforts on developing its circuit racing championship, the Volkswagen Racing Cup.
  • In 2003, VW replaced the ADAC Volkswagen Lupo Cup with the newly released Polo, to become the ADAC Volkswagen Polo Cup.
  • In 2004, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles entered the European Truck Racing series with the Volkswagen Titan series truck - it became back-to-back champions for the 2004 and 2005 series.

The Dakar

  • In 1980, Volkswagen competed in the Paris-Dakar Rally with the Audi-developed Iltis, placing 1st, 2nd, 4th and 9th overall.
  • Volkswagen enlists Dakar Champion Jutta Kleinschmidt, the first woman to win the Dakar rally in 2001, to help design and compete a Dakar Racer.
  • In 2003, the Hanover-based team starts with a 2WD buggy named Tarek. It placed 6th outright but took 1st in the 2WD and Diesel class.
  • In 2004, VW enters the newly developed Race-Touareg T2, finishing 6th overall and 2nd in the Diesel class.
  • In 2005, an updated Race-Touareg with slightly more power is entered, with driver Bruno Saby, finishing in 3rd overall and 1st in the Diesel class.
  • In 2006, Volkswagen released the most powerful Race-Touareg yet: the Race-Touareg 2. Five vehicles entered, with driver Giniel de Villers finishing in 2nd place overall, and 1st in the Diesel class.
  • In 2009, Volkswagen won the 2009 Dakar Rally held in Argentina. Race Touareg 2 finished 1st and 2nd.
  • In 2010, Volkswagen won the 2010 Dakar Rally held in South America. Race Touareg 2 defends 2009 victory with first three places.

Volkswagen motorsport: around the world

Below are Official, or Dealership-sponsored Volkswagen Racing activities, outside Germany:
  • China rally participation: Shanghai-VW Santana, Shanghai-VW Polo, FAW-VW Jetta, and Shanghai-VW supported the 1st Shanghai F1 Grand Prix, with a Polo Cup support series.
  • South Africa rally participation: VW Polo, SEAT Ibiza based Polo Playa, VW Citi and VW Golf. Circuit participation: SEAT Ibiza based Polo Derby/Classic, A3 engined series which supports the A1 Racing series, and the GTI-engined F3 style racing series.
  • France: A French Volkswagen team entered the 2000 and 2001 Le Mans Series, with their 2.0 Turbo racer, which produced around 356 kW/485 hp.
  • Argentina: Many Volkswagen models have competed in TC 2000, including the 1980 to 1983 champion Volkswagen 1500 and the 1994 champion Volkswagen Gol.
  • Brazil rally participation: Gol and Voyage, and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles heavy trucks. Circuit participation: Brasilia, Karmann Ghia, and Gol, Voyage. The Bora used nowadays in Stock Car Brasil is actually a plastic body around a tubular chassis with Chevrolet V8 engine.
  • Peru: VW Peru Rally the Fox in the S1600 class.
  • Japan circuit participation: Golf, Lupo and Polo Cup's.
  • Poland circuit participation: Golf with TDI Cup.
  • United Kingdom circuit participation: Lupo, Polo, Golf, Jetta (Vento/Bora), Scirocco, Corrado, Beetle, Type 3, and Caddy. Rally entries: Beetle, Type 3, Polo and Golf. VW Racing UK now have their own cup; they also have had Rallyed a Polo 1600 class and Golf TDI.
  • Australia: VW has a very close relationship with motorsport. It was the REDeX and Mobil Trials of the 1950s which propelled VW to be a sales success in Australia. In 1999 and 2000, VW won the F2 Australian Rally Championship with the Golf GTI. In 2001 and 2002, VW raced the New Beetle RSI in the GT Performance series, it was close to the top of the board both seasons. In 2003, VW Australia was the first to race and develop the R32 Golf in the 2004 GT Performance series, and came 2nd overall.
  • Finland: In 2002, VW won the Finnish Rally Championship in a7/(F2), with a Golf Mk4 KitCar, with Mikko Hirvonen. In 1999 and 2000, VW won the Finnish Rally Championship in a7/(F2) with a Golf Mk3 KitCar. In 2000, 2001 and 2002, VW won the Finnish Racing Championship in Sport 2000 with a Golf Mk4.[61]
  • Austria: From 1967 until 1974, the Austrian sole distributor "Porsche Salzburg (Austria)" successfully entered the VW Beetle (1500, 1302S and 1303S) in Europe-wide rallies. Victories were achieved in 1972 and 1973 in the overall Austrian championship, on Elba, in the Acropolis rally (first in class). The last versions used the 1600 cc engine with 125 hp and a 5-speed Porsche 914 transmission. Top drivers were Tony Fall (GB), Achim Warmbold (D), Günter Janger (A), Harry Källström(S).
  • United States: Beginning in 2008 Volkswagen introduced the Jetta TDI Cup. The Jetta TDI Cup is a SCCA sanctioned race series that features 25 drivers between the ages of 16 and 26 driving slightly modified 2009 Jetta TDIs. The series features 10 events at 8 different road courses across North America. There is $50,000 prize money at stake over the course of the series in addition to the $100,000 prize awarded to the champion of the series at the conclusion of the last race.[62]

Motorsport gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Manfred Grieger, Ulrike Gutzmann, Dirk Schlinkert, ed (2008). Volkswagen Chronicle. Historical Notes. 7. Volkswagen AG. ISBN 978-3-935112-11-6. http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2008/05/chronicle.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/HN7e_www2.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  2. ^ "Volkswagen Steals Toyota's Crown as World's Largest Automaker" http://autos.yahoo.com/articles/autos_content_landing_pages/1161/volkswagen-steals-toyotas-crown-as-worlds-largest-automaker/
  3. ^ Miller, Elan (2009-09-13). "Was Hitler's Beetle designed by a Jew? | Jewish Features | Jerusalem Post". Jpost.com. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1251804553863&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  4. ^ Volkswagen Beetle History 1938 to 2003 (abridged)
  5. ^ "Seventy-Five Years Ago: Porsche Receives the Order to Construct the Volkswagen". www.porsche.com. Porsche AG. 2009-06-16. http://www.porsche.com/international/aboutporsche/pressreleases/archive2009/quarter2/?pool=international-de&id=2009-06-16. Retrieved 22 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Volkswagen Makes Automotive History". www.volkswagen.com. http://www.volkswagen.com/vwcms_publish/vwcms/master_public/virtualmaster/en2/unternehmen/geschichte.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  7. ^ "Volkswagen Model 11 Beetle". www.rememuseum.org.uk. 2006-10-15. http://www.rememuseum.org.uk/recent/vw.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  8. ^ Harry S. Truman - Library & Museum - Draft, The President's Economic Mission to Germany and Austria, Report 3, March, 1947; OF 950B: Economic Mission as to Food…; Truman Papers
  9. ^ The Guardian - Obituaries - Ivan Hirst
  10. ^ UN Chronicle, The Marshall Plan at 60: The General's Successful War On Poverty
  11. ^ Baja Champion SE
  12. ^ History of the Super Beetle
  13. ^ Volkswagen's American assembly plant: fahrvergnugen was not enough - international marketing | Business Horizons | Find Articles at BNET
  14. ^ Flammang, James, Volkswagen: Beetles, Buses and Beyond, Krause Publications, 1996
  15. ^ Kiley, David, Getting the Bugs Out: The Rise, Fall and Comeback of Volkswagen in America, John Wiley & Sons, 2001
  16. ^ "Volkswagen to Shut U.S. Plant". http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE7D6113DF932A15752C1A961948260. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  17. ^ "A look at SEAT's time line 2008-1950". http://media.seat.com/en/company/368-seat-hoy.html. 
  18. ^ a b "VW picks Tenn. for its 1st US car plant since '88". Bloomberg News (The Boston Globe). 2008-07-16. http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2008/07/16/vw_picks_tenn_for_its_1st_us_car_plant_since_88/. 
  19. ^ "Volkswagen and Suzuki agreed to establish a comprehensive partnership". Taume News. 2009-12-09. http://news.taume.com/World-Business/Auto/volkswagen-and-suzuki-agreed-to-establish-a-comprehensive-partnership-14075. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  20. ^ "Volkswagen rolls out new Polo BlueMotion". 23 February 2010. http://www.newstatesman.com/automotive/2010/02/polo-bluemotion-volkswagen. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  21. ^ BBC NEWS | Porsche wants 20% Volkswagen deal | 26 September 2005
  22. ^ BBC NEWS | Top EU court finds against VW law
  23. ^ BBC NEWS | Porsche triggers VW takeover bid
  24. ^ New York Times | Court Strikes Down "Volkswagen Law"
  25. ^ Financial Times | Porsche plans to raise VW stake to 75%
  26. ^ VW vies for title of world's biggest company
  27. ^ "Volkswagen to take a 42.0 percent stake in Porsche AG". Taume News. 2009-08-14. http://news.taume.com/World-Business/Business-Finance/Volkswagen-to-take-a-42-0-percent-stake-in-Porsche-AG-11861. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  28. ^ "VW to buy half of Porsche by 2010". BBC News. 2009-10-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8317010.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  29. ^ Colin Hefferon (2004). "New Diesels Deliver More Power With Clean Air". About.com cars. http://cars.about.com/cs/cleangreencars/a/vw_diesel_colin.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  30. ^ a b Todd Kaho (2007-10-01). "Volkswagen Pushes for Development of Clean Diesels". Green Car Journal. http://www.greencar.com/articles/volkswagen-pushes-development-clean-diesels.php. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  31. ^ Michael Graham Richard (2008-04-25). "Volkswagen Golf Turbo-Diesel Hybrid Too Expensive for Production". Treehuger. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2008/04/vw-golf-turbo-diesel-hybrid-dead-tsi.php. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  32. ^ "VW revs up its clean-diesel technologies". Oct.11, 2007, mlive.com May 3, 2008
  33. ^ a b c Milton Briquet Bastos (2007-06-20). "Brazil's Ethanol Program – An Insider's View". Energy Tribune. http://www.energytribune.com/articles.cfm?aid=534. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  34. ^ a b Revista Veja (1979-06-13). "O petróleo da cana" (in Portuguese). Editora Abril. http://veja.abril.com.br/idade/exclusivo/petroleo/130679.html. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  35. ^ a b Marla Dickerson (2005-06-17). "Brazil's ethanol effort helping lead to oil self-sufficiency". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2002339093_brazilfuel17.html. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  36. ^ William Lemos (2007-02-05). "The Brazilian ethanol model". ICIS news. http://www.icis.com/Articles/2007/02/12/4500680/the-brazilian-ethanol-model.html. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  37. ^ Revista Veja (1989-05-24). "Um sonho corroído" (in Portuguese). Editora Abril. http://veja.abril.com.br/arquivo_veja/capa_24051989.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  38. ^ Goettemoeller, Jeffrey; Adrian Goettemoeller (2007), Sustainable Ethanol: Biofuels, Biorefineries, Cellulosic Biomass, Flex-Fuel Vehicles, and Sustainable Farming for Energy Independence, Prairie Oak Publishing, Maryville, Missouri, pp. 56–61, ISBN 978-0-9786293-0-4 
  39. ^ a b "Volkswagen to stop making gas-only cars for Brazil". Automotive News. 2006-03-23. http://www.autonews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060323/REUTERS/60323043/1111. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  40. ^ "A Nova Volkswagen" (in Portuguese). Wolkswagen Brazil. http://www.vwbr.com.br/VWBrasil/Historia/A-nova-Volkswagen.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  41. ^ "Volkswagen lança Golf Total Flex 1.6" (in Portuguese). ParanaOnline. 2006-03-30. http://www.parana-online.com.br/canal/automoveis/news/170341/. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  42. ^ Henry Xavier Corseuil and Marcus Sal Molin Marins (1997). "Contaminação de Águas Subterrâneas por Derramamentos de Gasolina: O problema é grave?" (in Portuguese) (PDF). Amda.org. http://www.amda.org.br/assets/files/gASOLINA.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  43. ^ Roberta Scrivano (2008-10-07). "Margem estreita não intimida pequenas" (in Portuguese). Gazeta Mercantil. http://www.gazeta.com.br/GZM_News.aspx?Parms=2108086,604,1. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  44. ^ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2005" (in Portuguese) (PDF). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). http://www.anfavea.com.br/tabelas2005/autoveiculos/tabela08_vendas.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-16.  See Table 08 for flex-fuel sales and Table 07 for gasoline sales.
  45. ^ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2007" (in Portuguese) (PDF). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). http://www.anfavea.com.br/tabelas2007/autoveiculos/tabela08_vendas.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-16.  See Table 08 for flex-fuel sales and Table 07 for gasoline sales.
  46. ^ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2008" (in Portuguese) (PDF). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). http://www.anfavea.com.br/tabelas2008/autoveiculos/tabela08_vendas.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-16.  See Table 08.
  47. ^ "VW completa 55 anos como maior montadora do País" (in Portuguese). Norpave VW. 2008-03-25. http://www.norpave.com.br/site/index.php?modulo=detalhe_noticia&id=24. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  48. ^ "VW: dois milhões de carros flex" (in Portuguese). Auto Brasil. 2009-03-25. http://autobrasil.wordpress.com/2009/03/25/vw-dois-milhoes-de-carros-flex/. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  49. ^ "Volkswagen atinge 2 milhões de carros Flex produzidos no Brasil" (in Portuguese). Noticias Automotivas. 2009-03-24. http://www.noticiasautomotivas.com.br/volkswagen-atinge-2-milhoes-de-carros-flex-produzidos-no-brasil/. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  50. ^ "Volkswagen Hires New Electric Vehicle Chief – Automotive News & Car Rumors at Automobile Magazine". Rumors.automobilemag.com. 2009-11-12. http://rumors.automobilemag.com/6605889/news/volkswagen-hires-new-electric-vehicle-chief/index.html. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  51. ^ Volkswagen and Sanyo Team Up To Develop Hybrid Battery Systems
  52. ^ "Volkswagen Hybrid: Runaway Winner". Eco-Friendly Hybrid Cars, May 2, 2008
  53. ^ Compact Hybrid Coming From Volkswagen
  54. ^ 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show: Volkswagen Up!
  55. ^ Report: All Volkswagen models to have hybrid option | eGMCarTech
  56. ^ Audi's PHEV Concept; Volkswagen Research Chief Criticizes Fuel Cells
  57. ^ Fuel cell cars won't save the world
  58. ^ "Gol > Modelos > Volkswagen México". Mx.volkswagen.com. 2010-02-09. http://mx.volkswagen.com/vwcms/master_public/virtualmaster/es_mx/models/Gol2.html. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  59. ^ history
  60. ^ Scirocco Trans Am Article/Advert
  61. ^ DTC (German)
  62. ^ "Twenty two drivers qualify for 2010 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup final driver selection event". Vw.com. http://www.vw.com/vwbuzz/browse/en/us/detail/Twenty_two_drivers_qualify_for_2010_Volkswagen_Jetta_TDI_Cup_final_driver_selection_event/339. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 

External links

Official site

Official Motorsport links

Unaffiliated sites


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Volkswagen
  1. A German car manufacturer.

Simple English

Volkswagen is a car company from Germany. It was started in the 1930s, at the request of the country's leader, Adolf Hitler, who wanted a "people's car" which is what the word volkswagen means in German. Hitler asked Dr. Ferdinand Porsche to design a car that almost anyone could afford. Though Hitler never learned to drive, he had a keen interest in cars. Hitler wanted the car to have a rear mounted engine. It was to be cooled by air instead of water. The car needed to be able to travel at least 100 km/h, or about 60 mph. Also, Hitler wanted the car to be able to move easily through the air. He thought a car shaped like a beetle would do that. The first name given to the car was "KdF-Wagen." "KdF" stood for Kraft durch Freude, or "Strength through Joy." Some were made, but production ended after World War II started. The factory built cars for the German military instead. After the war, people from the United Kingdom and the United States reopened the factory and started production again. The cars, especially the Volkswagen Beetle or "Bug" became popular and well-known all over the world. The Beetle later became one of the best selling cars in history. It was built for many years afterward in factories in Germany, Brazil and Mexico. The last Volkswagen Beetle (called the Volkswagen Sedan by the company) to be built was built in Mexico. It was built in 2004. Volkswagen has a new car called the "New Beetle." It looks a bit like the old car, but is larger, faster and much more suited to today's modern world in terms of design.

Some of Volkswagen's popular cars are the Golf, Jetta, Polo,Beetle and the Passat. VW's as they are commonly known, have also entered the off road segment with cars like the Touarag,and the commercial segment with the Touran. This year sees VW's 21st anniversary since the Golf 1 entered our shores in the 1980's. With record sales every year the Golf 1 remains the hottest hatch in the market. Since its birth VW has sold over 315 000 uits of the Golf 1 alone. 2005 saw the entry of the fifth generation of the Golf. The flagbearer - the GTi - is powered by a 147Kw 2.0l 4 cylinder turbo charged engine,with VW DSG and FSI technology. The Golf GTi has evolved a long way since the 80's but the fifth generation GTi is criticised as it does not live up to the expectations and standards set by the legendary Mk1 GTi, which was fitted with an 1800, 8 valve motor.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 19, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Volkswagen, which are similar to those in the above article.








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