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Vulko Chervenkov: Wikis


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Vulko Velev Chervenkov (Bulgarian: Вълко Велев Червенков) (6 September, 1900 - 21 October, 1980) was a Bulgarian communist politician.

Chervenkov was born in Zlatitsa, Bulgaria. He became a communist in 1919 and participated in communist youth group activities and newspaper editing. He took part in the failed 1923 communist uprising.


In 1925 Chervenkov fled to the Soviet Union. He attended the Marx-Lenin school in Moscow and eventually became the director of that school. He became a supporter of the rule of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. In 1941 he became the director of a radio station which sent anti-German and pro-Communist messages to the Bulgarian people.


In 1944 Chervenkov returned to Bulgaria on a mission for his brother-in-law, Georgi Dimitrov. Chervenkov became a member of the government which took office soon after the end of World War II in 1945 which quickly came to be controlled by Communists. He became minister of culture in 1947, deputy prime minister in 1949, general secretary of the party in 1949 and prime minister of Bulgaria in 1950.


Chervenkov's policies closely resembled those of Stalin. During his rule political opponents were sent into labour camps and attempts on imposing a personality cult were made. Persecutions against the Church were severe. On the other hand, massive industrialisation occurred, and a massive wave of collectivisation drastically increased agricultural production. The coupon system, inherrited from the wartime period, was abolished. Public healthcare and education were made free. The death of Stalin proved a severe blow for his rule. Chervenkov lost many of his posts, resigning from the position of general secretary on 4 March 1954 and resigning from the position of prime minister on 17 April 1956.

Preceded by
Vasil Kolarov
Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Succeeded by
Anton Yugov


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