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Vycor is a glass with high temperature and thermal shock resistance, made by Corning Incorporated. Vycor is 96% silica, but unlike pure fused silica it can be readily manufactured in a variety of shapes.

Vycor products are made by a multi-step process. First, a relatively soft alkali-borosilicate glass is melted and formed by typical glassworking techniques into the desired shape. This is heat-treated, which causes the material to separate into two intermingled "phases" with distinct chemical compositions. One phase is rich in alkali and boric oxide, and can be easily dissolved in acid. The other phase is mostly silica, which is insoluble. The glass object is then soaked in a hot acid solution, which leaches away the soluble glass phase, leaving an object which is mostly silica. At this stage, the glass is porous. Finally, the object is heated to more than 1200°C, which consolidates the porous structure, making the object shrink slightly and become non-porous. The finished material is classified as a "reconstructed glass".

For some applications the final step is skipped, leaving the glass porous. Such glass has a high affinity for water, and makes an excellent getter for water vapour. It is widely used in science and engineering.

Immersing the porous glass in certain chemical solutions before the final consolidation step produces a colored glass that can withstand high temperatures without degrading. This is used for colored glass filters for various applications.

Vycor has been discontinued by Corning.


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