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Württemberg-Baden
Part of US-administered Germany
State of the Federal Republic of Germany

 

1945 – 1952
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Württemberg-Baden
Württemberg-Baden (bright orange) as taken from the US-administered zone of post-war Germany (pale orange)
Capital Stuttgart
Minister-President Reinhold Maier
Historical era Post-World War II
 - Established 19 September 1945
 - State of the Federal Republic of Germany 23 May 1949
 - Disestablished 25 April 1952
Area 15,700 km² (6,062 sq mi)

Württemberg-Baden is a former state of Federal Republic of Germany. It was created in 1945 by the U.S. occupation forces, after the previous states of Baden and Württemberg had been split up between the US and French occupation zones. Its capital was Stuttgart. In 1952, Württemberg-Baden merged with Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden into the present state of Baden-Württemberg.

Contents

History

Württemberg-Baden consisted of the northern halves of the former states of Württemberg and Baden. The southern border of this part of the US-administered zone was set so that the Autobahn connecting Karlsruhe and Munich (today the A8) was completely contained within the American zone. The three major subdivisions of the American zone - Greater Hesse, Bavaria and Württemberg-Baden were declared on 19 September 1945.[1]

On 24 November 1946 a new constitution was enacted, and Württemberg-Baden's first parliament was elected. With the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany on 23 May 1949, Württemberg-Baden joined also.

The three states that merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952

A straw poll was held on 24 September 1950 in Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden regarding a merger of the three states. A public referendum was held on 16 December 1951. On both occasions, voters in Württemberg-Baden voted with a clear majority in favour of the fusion. All three states were merged and the modern German state of Baden-Württemberg was founded on 25 April 1952.

Politics

The only minister-president of Württemberg-Baden was Reinhold Maier (DVP, then FDP; 1946-1952). Maier went on to become the first minister-president of Baden-Württemberg upon its formation in 1952.

Württemberg-Baden was subdivided into two administrative districts, known as Landesbezirke. The boundaries for these two districts were taken from two former state sections that comprised Württemberg-Baden. These two districts remain largely unchanged today as the Regierungsbezirke of Stuttgart (Württemberg) and Karlsruhe (Baden) within Baden-Württemberg.

Flag and Coat of Arms

The flag of Württemberg-Baden, adopted in 1947, was the black-red-gold tricolour flag of Germany which was later also adopted again by the new German states founded in 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.[2]

The coat of arms merges elements from the two predecessor states: the red stripe on a golden field of the coat of arms of Baden and the three deer antlers of the coat of arms of Württemberg.

References

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Simple English

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