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W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois, in 1918
Born February 23, 1868(1868-02-23)
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA
Died August 27, 1963 (aged 95)
Accra, Ghana
Occupation Academic, Scholar, Activist, Journalist, Sociologist
Alma mater Fisk University, Harvard University
Spouse(s) Nina Gomer Du Bois, Shirley Graham Du Bois
.William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced /duːˈbɔɪs/ doo-BOYSS[1]) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and editor.^ Chapter 9: William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-1963) Page Links: .
  • PAL: W. E. B. Du Bois (1868-1963) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.csustan.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ W.E.B. Du Bois W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963 Born: February 23, 1868 Died: August 27, 1963 William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was a noted scholar, editor, and African American activist.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www5.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on February 23, 1868.
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Historian David Levering Lewis wrote, "In the course of his long, turbulent career, W. E. B. Du Bois attempted virtually every possible solution to the problem of twentieth-century racism— scholarship, propaganda, integration, national self-determination, human rights, cultural and economic separatism, politics, international communism, expatriation, third world solidarity."[2]

Contents

Early life

Family history

.William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, to Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt Du Bois.^ BIOGRAPHY W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du Bois "recognized that the keystone in the arch of oppression was the myth of inferiority and he dedicated his brilliant talents to demolish it," said Martin Luther King, Jr. .
  • Honorees - W.E.B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.libs.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race: 1868-1919 (New York: Henry Holt, 1993).
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ W.E.B. Du Bois was raised in the Northeastern corner of the United States (viz., Massachusetts), sheltered to a great extent from the plight of Black folk in the South.

.He grew up in Great Barrington, a predominately Anglo American town.^ Du Bois was born and grew up in the overwhelmingly white town of Barrington, Massachusetts.

^ DuBois was born on February 23, 1868, at Great Barrington, Mass., and obtained his early education in the public schools of his native town.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He grew up in Great Barrington, an overwhelmingly white More From Wikipedia » Related content .
  • W.e.b. Du Bois - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

.Mary Silvina Burghardt's family was part of the very small free black population of Great Barrington, having long owned land in the state.^ Mary Silvina Burghardt's family was part of the very small, free black population of Great Barrington and had long owned land in the state.

^ W.E.B. Du Bois was raised in the Northeastern corner of the United States (viz., Massachusetts), sheltered to a great extent from the plight of Black folk in the South.

^ "Five years: it is very long; but there is a great deal to learn.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their family descended from Dutch and African ancestors, including Tom, a West African-born man who served as a private for Captain John Spoor's company in 1780, a service which likely won him his freedom.^ They descended from Dutch and African ancestors, including Tom, a West African-born man who served as a private for Captain John Spoor's company in 1780, a service which likely won him his freedom.

^ Chapters 12 and 13 discuss the struggles that great African-American souls had to deal with to become more fully appreciated, including a narrative about a man named John who defended his sister against dishonor only to be met with horrible racism as a result.
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is a citizen of Ghana which makes him a fellow countryman of W.E.B. Du Bois who, as the "Gran’ Old Man" of Pan-Africanism, spent his last years in Accra, Ghana.
  • Symposium Schedule 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.mercer.edu [Source type: Academic]

.According to Du Bois, several of his maternal ancestors were notably involved in regional history.^ According to Du Bois, several of his maternal ancestors were notably involved in regional history.

^ Often labeled an atheist, Du Bois was in fact deeply and creatively involved with religion.
  • New Biography of W.E.B. Du Bois Reveals the Spiritual Side of the Pioneering Leader | AJAXWorld RIA Conference & Expo 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC ajaxworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ W. E. B. Du Bois — Infoplease.com There won t be any rich people in heaven The black Christ, white hypocrisy, and the Gospel According to W. E. B. du bois.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www5.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

.Alfred Du Bois, from Haiti, was of French Huguenot and African descent.^ Politics in the African-American Novel: James Weldon Johnson, W. E. B. Du Bois, Richard Wright, and Ralph Ellison.
  • DuBoisweb.org: Books about W. E. B. Du Bois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.duboisweb.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Moreover, Du Bois noted where he had observed conditions needing improvement within the African American community.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ W.E.B. Du Bois on Race and Culture by Bernard W. Bell Discusses: dark princess darker world Pan-African Congress .
  • Amazon.com: W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963: David Levering Lewis: Books 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

His grandfather was Dr. James Du Bois of Poughkeepsie, New York. Dr. Du Bois's family was rewarded extensive lands in the Bahamas for its support of King George III during the American Revolution. .On Long Cay, Bahamas, James Du Bois fathered several children with slave mistresses.^ On Long Cay, Bahamas, James Du Bois sired several children with slave mistresses.

^ Though not completely sheltered from discrimination, Du Bois, as one of the few Negro children in town, attended integrated elementary and secondary schools and excelled.

^ Du Bois may have been an outsider because of his status, being that he was poor, did not have a father and was extremely intellectual for his age; however, he was more comfortable in an academic setting.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When he returned to New York in 1812, James brought with him John and Alexander, two of his sons, to be educated in Connecticut.^ When he returned to New York in 1812, James brought with him John and Alexander, two of his mixed-race sons, to be educated in Connecticut.

^ Hendrix is just one of 40 institutions selected for inclusion in Colleges That Change Lives by Loren Pope, former education editor for The New York Times .
  • Hendrix College | Democratic Journeys 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.hendrix.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Later she served as an educational consultant for the New York Sate Department of Social Services.
  • http://www.educ.uvic.ca/Faculty/sockenden/edb363/1999/projects/BlackHistory/pioneers.html 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.educ.uvic.ca [Source type: General]

.After James Du Bois died, his black sons were disowned by his family and forced to give up schooling for work.^ Shortly afterward, Du Bois died.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Works by WEB du bois on the Internet.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

^ This is the longest work by Du Bois.

.Alexander became a merchant in New Haven and married Sarah Marsh Lewis, with whom he had several children.^ Alexander became a merchant in New Haven and married Sarah Marsh Lewis, with whom he had several children.

^ In 1963 , he was refused a new U.S. passport so he and his second wife, Shirley Graham , whom he married in 1951, became citizens of Ghana making them dual citizens of Ghana and the United States.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alexander, in addition to his grocery, now became steward on the passenger boat which ran between New Haven and New York.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the 1830s Alexander went to Haiti to try to salvage his inheritance.^ In the 1830s Alexander went to Haiti to try to salvage his inheritance.

.His son Alfred was born there in about 1833. Alexander returned to New Haven without the boy and his mother.^ Alexander returned to New Haven without the boy and his mother.

^ His son Alfred was born there about 1833.

^ When he returned to New York in 1812, James brought with him John and Alexander, two of his mixed-race sons, to be educated in Connecticut.

.It is unknown how Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt met, but they married on February 5, 1867, in Housatonic, Massachusetts.^ It is unknown how Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt met, but they married on February 5, 1867 in Housatonic, Massachusetts.

^ Du Bois was born the only child of Alfred and Mary Burghardt Du Bois in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois (1868–1963) - The Formative Years, Early Scholarship, The Crisis Years, After the Crisis, The Final Years 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC education.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ LEWIS: That is Du Bois' mother, Mary Silvina Burghardt, who married Alfred Du Bois in 1867.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

.Alfred deserted Mary by the time their son William was two.^ Alfred deserted Mary by the time their son William was two.

^ William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, at the south-western edge of Massachusetts, to Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt Du Bois.

.The boy was very close to his mother.^ Naturally then, Du Bois was very close to his mother, Mary.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The boy Du Bois was very close to his mother.

.When he was young, Mary suffered a stroke which left her unable to work.^ When Du Bois was young, Mary suffered a stroke which left her unable to work.

^ His mother suffered a stroke that left her unable to work.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two of them moved frequently, surviving on money from family members and Du Bois's after-school jobs.^ The two of them moved frequently, surviving on money from family members and Du Bois' after-school jobs.

^ They survived on money from family members and Du Bois' after-school jobs.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though not completely sheltered from discrimination, Du Bois, as one of the few Negro children in town, attended integrated elementary and secondary schools and excelled.

.Du Bois wanted to help his mother and believed he could improve their lives through education.^ Du Bois was educated at Harvard and at Berlin.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois wanted to help his mother as much as possible and believed he could improve their lives through education.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The boy Du Bois was very close to his mother.

.Some of the neighborhood whites noticed him, and one rented Du Bois and his mother a house in Great Barrington.^ Du Bois also encountered the White South.

^ Some of the neighborhood Whites noticed Du Bois and his self-discipline, and one neighbor even allowed Du Bois and Mary to rent a house from him.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois is from Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and doubtless has some white blood in his veins.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.Growing up Du Bois attended the First Congregational Church of Great Barrington.^ Du Bois was born in nearby Great Barrington...
  • W E B Du Bois Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about W E B Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Russians had great admiration for Du Bois.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though not completely sheltered from discrimination, Du Bois, as one of the few Negro children in town, attended integrated elementary and secondary schools and excelled.

.While living in Great Barrington, Du Bois performed chores and worked odd jobs.^ While living in Great Barrington, Du Bois performed chores and worked odd jobs.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Russians had great admiration for Du Bois.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the longest work by Du Bois.

.He did not feel separate because of his skin color while he was in school.^ Du Bois did not feel separate because of his skin color while he was in school.

^ Du Bois did not feel differently because of his skin color while he was in school.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Partly that role was thrust upon me because of the color of my skin.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.He has suggested that the only times he felt out of place were when out-of-towners visited Great Barrington.^ In fact, the only times he felt out-of-place were when out-of-towners visited Great Barrington.

^ In fact, the only times he felt out of place was when people would visit from out of town.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Out through the wood Bles and Zora had come to the broad red road; playfully he celebrated all her beauty unconscious of time and place.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.One such incident occurred when a white girl who was new in school refused to take one of his "calling cards" during a game; the girl told him she would not accept it because he was black.^ One such incident occurred when a white girl who was new in school refused to take one of his "calling cards" during a game; the girl told him she would not accept it because he was black.

^ Where was the girl--the soul that had called him?
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She would protect this girl; she would protect all black girls.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Du Bois then realized that there would always be a barrier between some whites and non-whites.^ Du Bois then realized that there would always be a barrier between some whites and non-whites.

^ Du Bois also encountered the White South.

^ He then realized that there would always be some kind of barrier between White people and others for some reason.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.Du Bois faced some challenges growing up, as the precocious, intellectual, mixed-race son of an impoverished single mother.^ Du Bois was gifted and very intellectual.

^ The boy Du Bois was very close to his mother.

^ Pioneering historian, sociologist, editor, novelist, poet, and organizer, W.E.B. Du Bois was one of the foremost African American intellectuals of the twentieth century.
  • New Biography of W.E.B. Du Bois Reveals the Spiritual Side of the Pioneering Leader | AJAXWorld RIA Conference & Expo 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC ajaxworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, he was very comfortable academically, as many of his teachers recognized his academic gifts and encouraged him to further his education with classical courses while in high school.^ He has high wages and many comforts.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people around him recognized his intelligence and encouraged him to further his education with college preparatory courses while in high school.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many teachers recognized his intelligence and encouraged him to further his education with classical academic courses while in high school.

.His scholastic success led him to believe that he could use his knowledge to empower African Americans.^ This academic confidence led him to believe that he could use his knowledge to empower fellow Blacks in the future.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His academic success led him to believe that he could use his knowledge to empower African Americans.

^ His concern for the liberation of blacks throughout the world led him to organize the first (Paris, 1919) of several Pan-African Congresses.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[4]

University education

.In 1888 Du Bois earned a degree from Fisk University, a historically black college in Nashville, Tennessee.^ Du Bois graduated from Fisk University in 1888 with a Bachelor degree .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He entered Fisk University in 1885 and graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1888.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois vs. Historical Establishment .
  • BlackCommentator.com - March 26, 2009 - Issue 317 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.blackcommentator.com [Source type: Original source]

.During the summer following graduation from Fisk, Du Bois managed the Fisk Glee Club.^ Du Bois graduated from Fisk University in 1888 with a Bachelor degree .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the summer following graduation from Fisk, Du Bois managed the Fisk Glee Club.

^ Many blacks were also shocked by the book because Du Bois announced his opposition to the conciliatory policy of Booker T. Washington and his followers, who favored assimilation and argued for the gradual development of the Negro race through vocational training.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The club was employed at a grand luxury summer resort on Lake Minnetonka in suburban Minneapolis, Minnesota.^ The club was employed at a grand luxury summer resort on Lake Minnetonka in suburban Minneapolis, Minnesota.

.The resort was a favorite spot for vacationing wealthy American Southerners and European royalty.^ The resort was a favorite spot for vacationing wealthy American Southerners and European royalty.

.In addition to providing entertainment, Du Bois and the other club members worked as waiters and kitchen help at the hotel.^ In addition to providing entertainment, Du Bois and the other club members worked as waiters and kitchen help at the hotel.

^ This is the longest work by Du Bois.

^ African American topics Along with Washington, Du Bois helped organize the "Negro exhibition" at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris.

[5] .The drinking, crude behavior, and sexual promiscuity of the rich white guests at the hotel left a lasting impression on the young Du Bois.^ Du Bois also encountered the White South.

^ Observing the drinking, crude behavior and sexual promiscuity of rich white guests of the hotel left a deep impression on the young Du Bois.

^ Some of the neighborhood Whites noticed Du Bois and his self-discipline, and one neighbor even allowed Du Bois and Mary to rent a house from him.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Du Bois entered Harvard College in the fall of 1888, having received a $250 scholarship.^ Du Bois had received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois entered Harvard College in the fall of 1888, having received a $250 scholarship.

^ Du Bois was educated at Harvard and at Berlin.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.He earned a bachelor's degree cum laude from Harvard in 1890. In 1892, he received a fellowship from the John F. Slater Fund for the Education of Freedmen to attend the University of Berlin for graduate work.^ He then entered Harvard University, receiving the degree of A. B., cum Laude , in 1890.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois graduated from Fisk University in 1888 with a Bachelor degree .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Upon the completion of the course work for his Harvard doctorate DuBois applied for and received a fellowship to do graduate studies at the University of Berlin.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.While a student in Berlin, he traveled extensively throughout Europe.^ While a student in Berlin, he traveled extensively throughout Europe.

^ While a student in Berlin , he travelled extensively throughout Europe , and became even more intellectually astute while studying with some of the most prominent social scientists in the German capital, such as Gustav von Schmoller .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Graduate student, mostly history and economics, at University of Berlin; also considerable travel in Europe.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.He came of age intellectually in the German capital, while studying with some of that nation's most prominent social scientists, including Gustav von Schmoller, Adolph Wagner, and Heinrich von Treitschke.^ He came of age intellectually in the German capital, while studying with some of that nation's most prominent social scientists, such as Gustav von Schmoller.

^ While a student in Berlin, he travelled extensively throughout Europe, and came of age intellectually while studying with some of the most prominent social scientists in the German capital, such as Gustav von Schmoller.In 1896, Du Bois became the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University.After teaching at Wilberforce University in Ohio and the University of Pennsylvania, he established the department of sociology at Atlanta University (now Clark Atlanta University).
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Prominent advocates of the German historical school of economics, such as Gustav Schmoller, Adolph Wagner, Karl Knies, Wilhelm Roscher, Bruno Hildebrand, and Johannes Conrad, added a specific flavor to the intellectual concoction that was brewing during these years.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1895, Du Bois became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University.^ Locke was the first African-American to acquire the Ph.D. in philosophy at Harvard in 1918.

^ In 1895 , Du Bois became the first Black to receive a Doctorate degree from Harvard University .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois was educated at Harvard and at Berlin.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.After teaching at Wilberforce University in Ohio, he worked at the University of Pennsylvania.^ After teaching at Wilberforce University in Ohio, he worked at the University of Pennsylvania.

^ After receiving his Ph.D. DuBois was offered a teaching position at Wilberforce College a small African american college in Ohio.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After teaching at Wilberforce University in Ohio and also at the University of Pennsylvania , he established the Department of Sociology at Clark Atlanta University .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He taught while undertaking field research for his study The Philadelphia Negro.^ He taught while undertaking field research for his study The Philadelphia Negro.

^ The first work involved in-depth criminological study and theorizing was The Philadelphia Negro , in which a large section was devoted to analysis of the Black criminal population in that city .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1899, one year after completing what many consider to be the first real Black Study, his magisterial sociological analysis, The Philadelphia Negro , W.E.B. Du Bois addressed the American Academy in Philadelphia and proposed what might also be considered the first real Black Research Agenda.
  • BlackCommentator.com - March 26, 2009 - Issue 317 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.blackcommentator.com [Source type: Original source]

.Next he moved to Georgia, where he established the Department of Social Work at Atlanta University (now Clark Atlanta University Whitney M. Young school of Social Work).^ Atlanta University Press, Atlanta, Georgia, 1906.
  • Atlanta University Studies :: W E B Du Bois . org 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Atlanta University Press, Atlanta, Georgia, 1907.
  • Atlanta University Studies :: W E B Du Bois . org 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Atlanta University Press, Atlanta, Georgia, 1909.
  • Atlanta University Studies :: W E B Du Bois . org 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: Academic]

.He also taught at The New School in Greenwich Village, New York City.^ Washington taught at Hampton until 1881, when he was chosen to head a new school at Tuskegee.
  • 78.02.02: Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois: The Problem of Negro Leadership 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was elated at the opportunity and we met twice in New York City.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Helps organize, Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace, New York City; attends Paris Peace Congress; attends Moscow Peace Congress.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

Writings

Title page of the second edition of The Souls of Black Folk
.Du Bois wrote many books, including three major autobiographies.^ Du Bois, Autobiography, 174–75.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Writing Du Bois wrote many books, including three major autobiographies.

^ Du Bois, Autobiography, 169.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among his most significant works are The Philadelphia Negro (1899), The Souls of Black Folk (1903), John Brown (1909), Black Reconstruction (1935), and Black Folk, Then and Now (1939).^ D'autres essais suivirent avec The Souls of Black Folk (1903), John Brown (1909), Black Reconstruction (1935) et Black Folk, Then and Now (1939).

^ Among his most significant works are The Philadelphia Negro (1899), The Souls of Black Folk (1903), John Brown (1909), Black Reconstruction (1935), and Black Folk, Then and Now (1939).

^ His works that considered the most significant were: The Philadelphia Negro published in 1899 , The Souls of Black Folk in 1903 , John Brown in 1909 , Black Reconstruction in 1935 and Black Folk, Then and Now in 1939 .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His book The Negro (1915) influenced the work of several pioneer Africanist scholars, such as Drusilla Dunjee Houston[7] and William Leo Hansberry.^ His book The Negro (1915) influenced the work of several pioneer Africanist scholars, such as Drusilla Dunjee Houston and William Leo Hansberry.

^ His book, The Negro , published in 1915 , influenced the work of pioneer African a scholars such as Drusilla Dunjee Houston and William Leo Hansberry .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Son livre The Negro (publi en 1915) influena les travaux de Drusilla Dunjee Houston et William Leo Hansberry2,3.

[8][9]
In the New York Times review of The Souls of Black Folk, the anonymous book reviewer wrote, "For it is the Jim Crow car, and the fact that he may not smoke a cigar and drink a cup of tea with the white man in the South, that most galls William E. Burghardt Du Bois of the Atlanta College for Negroes."[10]
[I]t is the thought of a negro of .Northern education who has lived long among his brethren of the South yet who can not fully feel the meaning of some things which these brethren know by instinct — and which the Southern-bred white knows by a similar instinct: certain things which are by both accepted as facts — not theories — fundamental attitudes of race to race which are the product of conditions extending over centuries, as are the somewhat parallel attitudes of the gentry to the peasantry in other countries.^ Among white Southerners this feeling is widespread and positive.

^ The review's conclusion reflected some contemporary thinking: ...it is the thought of a negro of Northern education who has lived long among his brethren of the South yet who can not fully feel the meaning of some things which these brethren know by instinct and which the Southern-bred white knows by a similar instinct: certain things which are by both accepted as facts not theories fundamental attitudes of race to race which are the product of conditions extending over centuries, as are the somewhat parallel attitudes of the gentry to the peasantry in other countries.

^ These are some of the chief things which we want.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.While prominent white scholars denied African-American cultural, political and social relevance to American history and civic life, in his epic work Black Reconstruction, Du Bois documented how black people were central figures in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, and also showed how they made alliances with white politicians.^ Thus, the history of the Civil War and Reconstruction is complex, and Black Reconstruction is an excellent place to begin.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois does not wish to eliminate white American culture nor Negro culture in America.
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois also encountered the White South.

.He provided evidence to disprove the Dunning School theories of Reconstruction, showing the coalition governments established public education in the South, as well as many needed social service programs.^ He provided evidence to disprove the Dunning School theories of Reconstruction, showing the coalition governments established public education in the South, as well as many needed social service programs.

^ The social theories of the historical school provided many future progressives with a powerful rationale for social reform that "renounced the atomistic empiricism, psychological hedonism, and utilitarian ethics associated with nineteenth-century liberalism."
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court briefly traces the history of public schools in America.
  • Free Summer Institutes for Social Studies Teachers: Race and Rights in American History (August 3, 2003 to Friday, August 8, 2003) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.teachingamericanhistory.org [Source type: Original source]

.He demonstrated the ways in which Black emancipation — the crux of Reconstruction — promoted a radical restructuring of United States society, as well as how and why the country failed to continue support for civil rights for blacks in the aftermath of Reconstruction.^ He demonstrated the ways Black emancipation the crux of Reconstruction promoted a radical restructuring of United States society, as well as how and why the country failed to continue support for civil rights for blacks in the aftermath of Reconstruction.

^ How can the United States help blacks fulfill their destiny?
  • Free Summer Institutes for Social Studies Teachers: Race and Rights in American History (August 3, 2003 to Friday, August 8, 2003) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.teachingamericanhistory.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He demonstrated the ways in which emancipation promoted a radical restructuring of United States society, as well as how and why the country turned its back on human rights for Blacks in the aftermath of Reconstruction.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .This theme was taken up later and expanded by Eric Foner and Leon F. Litwack, the two leading late twentieth century scholars of the Reconstruction era.^ This theme was taken up later and expanded by Eric Foner and Leon F. Litwack, the two leading late 20th century scholars of the Reconstruction era.

^ This theme was taken up later and expanded by Eric Foner and Leon F. Litwack , the two leading contemporary scholars of the Reconstruction era.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And I could now tell him a good part of my life was taken up answering that question by writing the first of this two volume biography of his life.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1940, at Atlanta University, Du Bois founded Phylon magazine.^ In 1940 , at Clark Atlanta University, Du Bois founded Phylon magazine.
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Art in Crisis: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Art of The Crisis Magazine is an exploration of how W. E. B. Du Bois created a "visual vocabulary" to define a new collective memory and historical identity for African Americans.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois' faith in the detached role of the scientist was shaken, and with the Atlanta Riot of 1906 Du Bois with his "Litany at Atlanta" passionately sounded a challenge to those forces of repression and destruction.

.In 1946, he wrote The World and Africa: An Inquiry into the Part That Africa Has Played in World History.^ In this world he gets by far the larger part of his life training, and through the eyes of this dark world he peers into the veiled world beyond.

^ Black Reconstruction : An Essay toward a History of the Part which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860-1880 ( 1935 ) .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That is what union means; that is what Pan-Africa means: When the child is born into the tribe the price of his growing up is to give over a part of his freedom to the tribe.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1945, he helped organize the historic Fifth Pan-African Conference in Manchester, Great Britain.^ In 1945 , he helped organize the fifth Pan-African Conference held in Manchester , England .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1945, at the Fifth Congress in Manchester, England, he met with the African leaders Kwame Nkrumah and Jomo Kenyatta .
  • W E B Du Bois Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about W E B Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as well as the Pan African Congress.
  • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .In total, Du Bois wrote 22 books, including five novels.^ Du Bois wrote many books including three major autobiographies .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In total, Du Bois wrote 22 books, including five novels.

^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He helped establish four academic journals.

Criminology

.Du Bois began writing about the sociology of crime in 1897, shortly after receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard (Zuckerman, 2004, p. 2).^ Du Bois had received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Criminology Du Bois began writing about the sociology of crime in 1897, shortly after receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard (Zuckerman, 2004, p.

^ Du Bois was educated at Harvard and at Berlin.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.His first work involving crime, A Program of Social Reform, was shortly followed by a second, The Study of the Negro Problems (Du Bois, 1897; Du Bois, 1898).^ Atlanta University's Studies of the Negro Problem (1897-1910) .
  • W.E.B. DuBois - BlackHistory.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blackhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His first work involving crime, A Program of Social Reform, was shortly followed by a second, The Study of the Negro Problems (Du Bois, 1897; Du Bois, 1898).

^ Du Bois' social-scientific works have a varied and lasting significance.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

.The first work that involved in-depth criminological study and theorizing was The Philadelphia Negro, in which a large section of the sociological study was devoted to analysis of the black criminal population in Philadelphia (Du Bois, 1899).^ Du Bois and Race is the first publication...of the study of economics.
  • W E B Du Bois Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about W E B Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The first work that involved in depth criminological study and theory was The Philadelphia Negro , in which it reflected his research in Philadelphia.

^ In Du Bois’ Philadelphia Negro (1895), this conception is already established.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.Du Bois (1899) set forth three significant parts to his criminology theory.^ Du Bois (1899) set forth three significant parts to his criminology theory.

^ While he has most often been associated with New England, it was in Georgia and other parts of the South that Du Bois focused much of his studies on black social conditions.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Criminology Du Bois began writing about the sociology of crime in 1897, shortly after receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard (Zuckerman, 2004, p.

.The first was that Negro crime was caused by the strain of the 'social revolution' experienced by black Americans as they began to adapt to their newfound freedom and position in the nation.^ The first was that Negro crime was caused by the strain of the 'social revolution' experienced by black Americans as they began to adapt to their newfound freedom and position in the nation.

^ He explained, "[T]he appearance of crime among the southern Negroes is a symptom of wrong social conditions- of a stress of life greater than a large part of the community can bear."

^ Emancipation with causing the boom in crime in the black population.

.This theory was similar to Durkheim's (1893) Anomie theory, but it applied specifically to the newly freed Negro.^ This theory was similar to Durkheim's (1893) Anomie theory, but it applied specifically to the newly freed Negro.

.Du Bois (1900a, p. 3) credited Emancipation with causing the boom in crime in the black population.^ Emancipation with causing the boom in crime in the black population.

^ On a similar theme Du Bois wrote: "Even to-day the economic importance of the black population of Farmville has brought many white men to say 'mister' to the preacher and teacher and to raise their hats to their wives."
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The first work that involved in-depth criminological study and theorizing was The Philadelphia Negro, in which a large section of the sociological study was devoted to analysis of the black criminal population in Philadelphia (Du Bois, 1899).

.He explained, "[T]he appearance of crime among the southern Negroes is a symptom of wrong social conditions--of a stress of life greater than a large part of the community can bear."^ He explained, "[T]he appearance of crime among the southern Negroes is a symptom of wrong social conditions- of a stress of life greater than a large part of the community can bear."

^ With peaceful social conditions the returns will be large."
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philadelphia Negro: "Naturally then, if men are suddenly transported from one environment to another, the result is lack of harmony with the new conditions; lack of harmony with the new physical surroundings leading to disease and death or modification of physique; lack of harmony with social surroundings leading to crime."

.(Du Bois, 1901b, p. 745).^ (Du Bois, 1901b, p.

.He distinguished between the strains on southern Negroes and those on northern Negroes because the problems of city life in the North were different from those of the Southern rural sharecroppers.^ He distinguished between the strains on southern Negroes and those on northern Negroes because the problems of city life in the North were different from those of the Southern rural sharecroppers.

^ The IDEALS OF LIFE for which the different cities struggled were different.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He explained, "[T]he appearance of crime among the southern Negroes is a symptom of wrong social conditions- of a stress of life greater than a large part of the community can bear."

.Secondly, Du Bois (1904a) believed that black crime declined as the African-American population moved toward a more equal status with whites.^ Du Bois Still Matters: Black Socialism...economic equality.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Secondly, Du Bois' (1904a) believed that black crime declined as the African-American population moved towards a more equal status with whites.

^ On a similar theme Du Bois wrote: "Even to-day the economic importance of the black population of Farmville has brought many white men to say 'mister' to the preacher and teacher and to raise their hats to their wives."
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

.This idea, referred to later as "stratification," was developed in a similar manner later in the twentieth century by Merton in his 1968 structure-strain theory of deviance.^ This idea, referred to later as "stratification", was developed in a similar manner later in the 20th century by Merton in his (1968) structure-strain theory of deviance.

^ Frederick the Great, but guided by the scientific idea of the twentieth century."
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frederick Engels first used the term “false consciousness” in the nineteenth century, an idea George Lukács would later develop fully.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.In The Philadelphia Negro and later statistical studies, Du Bois found direct correlations between low levels of employment and education and high levels of criminal activity.^ Du Bois was educated at Harvard and at Berlin.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In The Philadelphia Negro and later statistical studies, Du Bois found direct correlations between low levels of employment and education, and high levels of criminal activity.

^ Du Bois’ hero is the Negro.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thirdly, Du Bois held that the Talented Tenth or the "exceptional men" of the black race would be the ones to lead the race and save it from its criminal problems (Du Bois, 1903, p. 33).^ He was certain that the race problem was one of ignorance.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Negro race, like all races, is going to be saved by its exceptional men.

^ The Talented Tenth of Du Bois’ day, however, was in a different position.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.Du Bois saw the evolution of a class system within black American society as necessary to carry out the improvements necessary to reduce crime (Du Bois, 1903).^ And that is, in fact, the way Du Bois saw it.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Du Bois' analysis, only the business entrepreneurs and professionals in the law, the church, and medicine (among a few others) had assimilated enough of the requisite cultural values which would enable them to prosper vis-à-vis the working class blacks, even though all African Americans lived within an encompassing racist environment.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But, I would claim that, although Du Bois analysis becomes increasing concerned with the abolition of the system of exploiting labor, the socialization of land, machines, and materials, and the uplift of the working class, he was never a Marxist through and through.

.He set forth a number of solutions to crime that the Talented Tenth had to enact (Du Bois, 1903, p. 2).^ The Talented Tenth of Du Bois’ day, however, was in a different position.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But Du Bois’ solution is again adaptation to new conditions for the functioning and fulfillment of the Talented Tenth.
  • William Gorman: W.E.B. Du Bois and His Work (May-June 1950) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He points out that Garvey's early followers were often poor, less educated, and often of West Indian origins, while the more "elitist" Du Bois circulated among, and pretended to speak for, the Talented Tenth of the African American people.
  • Amazon.com: W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963: David Levering Lewis: Books 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.He was perhaps the first criminologist to combine historical fact with social change and used the combination to postulate his theories.^ The ethical theories of the historical school combined the belief in conscious action with a profound concern with subconscious motivations and subjective feelings.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, I would emphasize the fact that today Africa has no choice between private Capitalism and Socialism.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As Jurgen Herbst noted, the German historical school "steered a precarious course between reliance on verifiable facts and the postulation of governing principles."
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He attributed the crime increase after the Civil War to the "increased complexity of life," competition for jobs in industry (especially with the recent Irish immigrants), and the mass exodus of blacks from the farmland and immigration to cities (Du Bois, 1899).^ A timeline is available of Du Bois' life.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "[Battey's] portrait of Du Bois is now considered the iconic image of the early civil rights activist," the catalog noted.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

Du Bois (1899, p. 64) states in The Philadelphia Negro:
.Naturally then, if men are suddenly transported from one environment to another, the result is lack of harmony with the new conditions; lack of harmony with the new physical surroundings leading to disease and death or modification of physique; lack of harmony with social surroundings leading to crime.^ I really love the "create routine" idea: as you said, whether we like it or not, we engage in one form of daily routine or another; so, I guess it's only wise and smart to exploit this human nature to achieve great results.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In any physical work he believes one can work many hours at a time, but in mental, creative work he believes one can do his best only for two hours at a time on any one subject, but he can work another two hours on another subject with equal freshness.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Crime, and a cheap and dangerous socialism, are the inevitable results of this pondering.

Civil rights activism

W. E. B. Du Bois in 1904
.Du Bois was the most prominent intellectual leader and political activist on behalf of African Americans in the first half of the twentieth century.^ Du Bois was gifted and very intellectual.

^ "[Battey's] portrait of Du Bois is now considered the iconic image of the early civil rights activist," the catalog noted.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois, as an Afro-American growing up in late nineteenth century United States and living both in the North and in the South, felt daily upon his own flesh and soul - and that of his family and friends - the impact of this poison.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois and the Struggle Against Racism in the World 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]

.A contemporary of Booker T. Washington, he carried on a dialogue with the educator about segregation, political disfranchisement, and ways to improve African American life.^ In addition, McGill added much commentary on Du Bois' editorship of The Crisis magazine and his "polemic excesses", including activities later in his life that situated Du Bois out of the mainstream of political life in the U.S.A. Regarding Booker T. Washington, Du Bois indicated that he "admired much about him."
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her academic research is inspired by a desire to investigate the challenges facing contemporary black Americans and to better understand the multiple, creative ways that African Americans respond to these challenges.

^ Washington argued the Black people should temporarily forego "political power, insistence on civil rights, and higher education of Negro youth.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

He was labeled "The Father of Pan-Africanism."
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.Along with Washington, Du Bois helped organize the "Negro exhibition" at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris.^ Du Bois’ hero is the Negro.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though not completely sheltered from discrimination, Du Bois, as one of the few Negro children in town, attended integrated elementary and secondary schools and excelled.

^ Silver prints of Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and an anonymous sharecropper, dating from circa 1895 to circa 1920, brought from $9000 (for Du Bois) to $1560 (for Douglass).
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

.It included Frances Benjamin Johnston's photos of Hampton Institute's black students.^ Perhaps they are; for this is Wells Institute, and these black students have few dealings with the white city below.

[13] .The Negro exhibition focused on African Americans' positive contributions to American society.^ He identified the African dilemma as "double-consciousness...an American, a negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body."
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

^ In any case, it is recognized today as an African-American contribution to architecture, suited to hot climates where breezes are most appreciated.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

^ After receiving his Ph.D. DuBois was offered a teaching position at Wilberforce College a small African american college in Ohio.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.In 1905, Du Bois, along with Minnesota attorney Fredrick L. McGhee[14] and others, helped found the Niagara Movement with William Monroe Trotter.^ Du Bois and Malcolm X." "In other words, give one of them a holiday...down and shut up."
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Reading contemporary articles on Du Bois, I found the explanations that I encountered to be somewhat vague, inadequate, or simply contrary to my understanding.

^ On Du Bois's growing frustration with the white labor movement, see Du Bois, Darkwater, 48, 92–93, 115.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Movement championed freedom of speech and criticism, the recognition of the highest and best human training as the monopoly of no caste or race, full male suffrage, a belief in the dignity of labor, and a united effort to realize such ideals under sound leadership.^ Freedom of speech and criticism.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A belief in the dignity of labor.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United effort to realize these ideals under wise and courageous leadership.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.The alliance between Du Bois and Trotter was, however, short-lived, as they had a dispute over whether or not white people should be included in the organization and in the struggle for civil rights.^ A deeply religious man, he was also somewhat of a firebrand as a minister; his sermons were often political in nature and touched on such topics as the N.A.A.C.P. and the struggle for civil rights.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "[Battey's] portrait of Du Bois is now considered the iconic image of the early civil rights activist," the catalog noted.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

^ Unfortunately, Du Bois did not live to see the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965; he died in 1963, just before the civil rights march on Washington.

.Believing that they should, in 1909 Du Bois with a group of like-minded supporters founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).^ Reading contemporary articles on Du Bois, I found the explanations that I encountered to be somewhat vague, inadequate, or simply contrary to my understanding.

^ Hence, Du Bois eventually abandoned a progressive theory of social ethics, which focused on the moral and ethical development of blacks, in favor of a renewed emphasis on extending civil and political rights, as his involvement in the Niagara movement and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) showed.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1909, after an outbreak of rioting and murders of Negroes in Springfield, Illinois, a protest meeting was held in New York that led to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  • 78.02.02: Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois: The Problem of Negro Leadership 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1910, Du Bois left Atlanta University to work full-time as Publications Director at the NAACP. He also wrote columns published weekly in many newspapers, including the Hearst-owned San Francisco Chronicle as well as the African American Chicago Defender, the Pittsburgh Courier and the New York Amsterdam News.^ Then the essay will examine Du Bois' The Philadelphia Negro and "The Negroes of Farmville, Virginia," as well as the Atlanta University Publications, many of which he supervised and edited.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I accepted the offer of the NAACP in 1910 to join their new organization in New York as Director of Publications and Research.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New York : Crown Publishers, c2008.

For 25 years, Du Bois worked as editor-in-chief of the NAACP publication, The Crisis, then subtitled A Record of the Darker Races. He commented freely and widely on current events and set the agenda for the fledgling NAACP. The journal's circulation soared from 1,000 in 1910 to more than 100,000 by 1920.[15]
W. E. B. Du Bois and Mary White Ovington, co-founders of NAACP
.Du Bois published Harlem Renaissance writers Langston Hughes and Jean Toomer.^ Show synopsis A writer, educator, editor, historian, and sociologist, W.E.B. Du Bois was an early proponent of civil rights in the United States.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

^ Most important of all, his basic works now out of print must be made available through the publishing of The Collected Works of Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What are some of Du Bois' published pieces of literature?
  • W E B Du Bois Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about W E B Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

He encouraged black fiction, poetry and dramas. .As a journal of black thought, the Crisis was initially a monopoly, David Levering Lewis observed.^ Our guest is David Levering Lewis.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His hypnotic voice thunders out of David Levering Lewis's monumental biography like a locomotive under full steam.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ DuBois biographer David Levering Lewis writes of this period, .
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1913, Du Bois wrote The Star of Ethiopia, a historical pageant, to promote African-American history and civil rights.^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "[Battey's] portrait of Du Bois is now considered the iconic image of the early civil rights activist," the catalog noted.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

^ Editorial Review Book Description William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-1963) is the greatest of African American intellectuals--a sociologist, historian, novelist, and activist whose astounding career spanned the nation's history from Reconstruction to the civil rights movement.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.Du Bois thought blacks should seek higher education, preferably liberal arts.^ The key to this process was liberal arts education.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois seminal work The Souls of Black Folk...reasons, regardless of the anniversary: Du Bois uses interdisciplinary approaches...landscape, but the particulars that Du Bois outlines are somewhat academic.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.He also believed blacks should challenge and question whites on all grounds.^ The impression is that above all else American society is one in which the mass of whites have been pitted against the mass of Blacks since the nation’s inception.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence arises a new human unity, pulling the ends of earth nearer, and all men, black, yellow, and white.

^ If such a peon should run away, the sheriff, elected by white suffrage, can usually be depended on to catch the fugitive, return him, and ask no questions.

.Booker T. Washington believed assimilating and fitting into the "American" culture was the best way for blacks to move up in society.^ With her family's frequent moves, it was difficult for Shirley to keep up in school, but she did graduate from Lewis and Clark High School in Spokane, Washington, in 1915.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he did not head the class, he came pretty near the head, for he is an excellent scholar in every way, and altogether the best black man that has come to Cambridge."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The DuBois-Booker T. Washington debate which begins at the start of the century and rages until Washington's death in 1915 defined the terms of the African American struggle.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.While Washington stated that he did not receive any racist insults until his later years, Du Bois said blacks have a "Double-Conscious" mind in which they have to know when to act "white" and when to act "black". Booker T. Washington believed that teaching was a duty, but Du Bois believed it was a calling.^ Where did Du Bois live after leaving the United States permanantly?
  • W E B Du Bois Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about W E B Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But by his 93rd year Du Bois had had enough.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois provides us with multiple instances of double consciousness.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Du Bois became increasingly estranged from Walter Francis White, the executive secretary of the NAACP. He began to question the organization's opposition to all racial segregation.^ The ambivalence of his position became increasingly clear to Du Bois.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of them can trace their roots to Du Bois.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The predicament for Du Bois was that he conceived of the solution to the "Negro problem" on the basis of the same intellectual constructs that many white reformers used to perpetuate racialist thinking.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Du Bois thought that this policy undermined those black institutions that did exist.^ Du Bois seminal work The Souls of Black Folk...reasons, regardless of the anniversary: Du Bois uses interdisciplinary approaches...landscape, but the particulars that Du Bois outlines are somewhat academic.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois, who was a profound student and proponent of Marxian thought and who was accused of being a communist, did not actually officially join the Communist Party until 1961 long after his trials in America on the issue.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He believed that such institutions should be defended and improved rather than attacked as inferior.^ He substantially showed that the Black ghetto was a creation of poverty and racism, rather than the so-called innate inferiority and supposed criminal tendencies of African Americans.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such an institution, from its wide powers, great responsibilities, large control of moneys, and generally conspicuous position, was naturally open to repeated and bitter attack.

^ From my 30th year on I have increasingly regarded the church as an institution which defended such evils as slavery, color caste, exploitation of labor and war.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

Du Bois seated with college members of the Beta Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha at Howard University in 1932
.By the 1930s, the NAACP had become more institutional and Du Bois increasingly radical, sometimes at odds with leaders such as Walter White and Roy Wilkins.^ The predicament for Du Bois was that he conceived of the solution to the "Negro problem" on the basis of the same intellectual constructs that many white reformers used to perpetuate racialist thinking.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, was arrested by a white officer last week on charges of disorderly...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ On Du Bois's growing frustration with the white labor movement, see Du Bois, Darkwater, 48, 92–93, 115.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1934, Du Bois left the magazine to return to teaching at Atlanta University, after writing two essays published in the Crisis suggesting that black separatism could be a useful economic strategy.^ And neither of those things is there ever a suggestion of Du Bois' writings.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On a similar theme Du Bois wrote: "Even to-day the economic importance of the black population of Farmville has brought many white men to say 'mister' to the preacher and teacher and to raise their hats to their wives."
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ He was one of the founders of the NAACP, the publisher and editor of the Crisis Magazine, and a prolific writer of essays and books including "The Souls of Black Folk" and "Black Reconstruction in America."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the 1920s, Du Bois engaged in a bitter feud with Marcus Garvey.^ He takes us through Du Bois's battles with the NAACP (which he cofounded); his ideological wars with "Back to Africa" nationalist Marcus Garvey; his many Pan-African conferences; and his tours of Africa, Japan, Russia, and China.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ This lecture covers biographical details of DuBois's life; Dr. Carson discusses The Souls of Black Folk , the Niagara Movement, the NAACP, Marcus Garvey, and the marriage of Yolanda Du Bois to Countee Cullen.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On November 13, 1951 Du Bois and his co-horts were acquitted ­ it was one of the few victories during the U.S. "red" scare period.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They disagreed over whether African Americans could be assimilated as equals into American society (the view held by Du Bois).^ Triumphantly, Du Bois wrote, This the American black man knows: his fight here is a fight to the finish.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, Du Bois noted where he had observed conditions needing improvement within the African American community.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The book is named Black Reconstruction because Du Bois is writing Blacks back into the history from which they have been historically left out—in fact they played the central role.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

Their dispute descended to personal attacks, sometimes based on ancestry. .Du Bois wrote, "Garvey is, without doubt, the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race in America and in the world.^ Du Bois’ hero is the Negro.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Would America have been America without her Negro people?

^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He is either a lunatic or a traitor."[16] .Garvey described Du Bois as "purely and simply a white man's nigger" and "a little Dutch, a little French, a little Negro ...^ Du Bois’ hero is the Negro.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois said, "American Negroes do not propose to be the shock troops of the Communist Revolution, driven out in front to death, cruelty and humiliation in order to win victories for white workers."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of death the Negro showed little fear, but talked of it familiarly and even fondly as simply a crossing of the waters, perhaps -- who knows?

a mulatto ... a monstrosity."[17]
.Du Bois became an early member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established by African Americans, and one that had a civil rights focus.^ Like King, Du Bois was a civil rights activist.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois was an early exponent...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The price of the Du Bois establishes the first auction record for Battey.
  • Maine Antique Digest - Records (Again) for Catlett and Other African-American Artists 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.maineantiquedigest.com [Source type: General]

Religion

Du Bois circa 1911
.W. E. B. Du Bois was involved in religion, studied Baptist churches, and contributed to the sociological study of religion.^ While in Farmville Du Bois also studied the nearby and chiefly African American community of Israel Hill.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ While he has most often been associated with New England, it was in Georgia and other parts of the South that Du Bois focused much of his studies on black social conditions.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is perhaps where Du Bois's philosophical contribution is revealed at its clearest.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] He believed that the capacity of religion could be either good or evil. .In the context of the black community, Du Bois suggested that religion gives people strength and pride; African Americans could derive comfort from one another by sharing their common struggles and experiences.^ Du Bois and urged racial pride among African Americans, and Opportunity...1930s.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ DuBois gave a harsh reality on the struggles of the African American people.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois and Malcolm X." "In other words, give one of them a holiday...down and shut up."
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.On the other hand, Du Bois contended that religion maintained the status quo of America in regards to racial injustice and class disparity.^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois and Malcolm X." "In other words, give one of them a holiday...down and shut up."
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Editorial Review Amazon.com A pioneering sociologist, educator, essayist, activist, and political theorist, W.E.B. Du Bois was one of America's great intellectuals.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.Du Bois believed that religious organizations serve as communal centers.^ Du Bois served as chair of the new organization.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The NFVA study thus presented its readers with potentially actionable information in a particular locality and community.      The online source for the Farmville study is the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library.  Du Bois, W.E.B. 1898.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This vast collection of the writings of W.E.B. Du Bois is organized under 15 headings to reflect the philosophical shifts and changes in a long and contradictory life.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.In The Philadelphia Negro, Du Bois argued that blacks who attended church went for a social gathering first and religion second.^ Du Bois’ hero is the Negro.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For those studying the sociology of religion, Du Bois' survey of Black churches in Philadelphia is the first conducted for cities ( Baer 1998 ; also see Zuckerman 2002).
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Except for the first generation of female social scientists, who had studied at the University of Chicago under German-trained academics such as Ernst Freund, Albion Small, Charles Henderson, and Edward Bemis, few white social scientists acknowledged that Du Bois was part of the transnational reform discourse.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Du Bois said that church “introduces the stranger to the community, it serves as a lyceum, library, and lecture bureau—it is, in fine, the central organ of the organized life of the American Negro.”[18]
Susan Jacoby writes that Du Bois was "raised as a liberal New England Congregationalist...contrary to the majority of blacks, who were brought up in the Baptist evangelical tradition" [19] He "became a self-described freethinker in Europe." [20] Returning to the United States in 1894 to teach at the Wilberforce University in Ohio, Du Bois' polemical stance on prayer in school and his critical views on the church set him at odds with contemporary Booker T. Washington.[21]

American Historical Association

.In 1909, W. E. B. Du Bois addressed the American Historical Association (AHA) at its annual conference, the first African American to do so.^ Triumphantly, Du Bois wrote, This the American black man knows: his fight here is a fight to the finish.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, Du Bois noted where he had observed conditions needing improvement within the African American community.
  • Sociation Today: Volume 3, Number 2 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Sociation Today's Du Bois Reprint Series 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ncsociology.org [Source type: Academic]

^ As editor of the magazine (1910-1934), W. E. B. Du Bois addressed the important issues facing African Americans.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

According to David Levering Lewis, "His would be the first and last appearance of an African American on the program until 1940."[22]
.In a review of the second volume of Lewis's biography of Du Bois, Michael R. Winston observed that, in understanding American history, one must question "how black Americans developed the psychological stamina and collective social capacity to cope with the sophisticated system of racial domination that white Americans had anchored deeply in law and custom."^ LEWIS: This is one of the major missing American biographies.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And it was Du Bois' careful documentation along the way of how this system of redemption, as it was called, of the white South after Reconstruction and the laying on of segregation how that had been enacted and the politics of it and the economics of it that transformed American historiographers so that today, when we write about the Reconstruction period and, therefore, about the history of African Americans and freedom, we have a very different, mellow, nuanced, sophisticated and far less racist appreciation.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, racial discrimination within the Communist Party and a serious lack of understanding of how race and white supremacy played a role in economic greed did not allow for Blacks to fully participate.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] Winston continued, "Although any reasonable answer is extraordinarily complex, no adequate one can ignore the man (Du Bois) whose genius was for 70 years at the intellectual epicenter of the struggle to destroy white supremacy as public policy and social fact in the United States."[23]

Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany

.Du Bois became impressed by the growing strength of Imperial Japan following the Japanese victory in the Russo-Japanese War.^ On Du Bois's growing frustration with the white labor movement, see Du Bois, Darkwater, 48, 92–93, 115.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Levering continues that Du Bois' comments became a fifteen page pamphlet which "was to become an instant classic of the left."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CLASSICS OF MARXISM W.E.B. Du Bois Black Reconstruction in America 1860–1880 Review by KEEANGA-YAMAHTTA TAYLOR THE CIVIL War and the Reconstruction period that followed represent one of the most heroic moments in modern history.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

He saw the victory of Japan over Tsarist Russia as an example of "colored pride." Hikida Yasuichi ran Japan's "Negro Propaganda Operations." .After traveling to the United States to speak with students at Howard University, Scripps College, and Tuskegee University, Yasuichi influenced Du Bois's opinions of Imperial Japan.^ LEWIS: Washington was the principal of Tuskegee University, the leading institution in the Deep South that offered vocational and industrial education to its student body.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Black Reconstruction , Du Bois has written a history that utilizes Marxism as a political framework for understanding and explaining the history of Black oppression within the United States.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1951 Du Bois and others in the PIC were brought to trial for refusing register the organization with the Justice Department as "an agent of a foreign principal within the United States."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1936, Yasuichi and the Japanese ambassador arranged a trip to Japan for Du Bois and a small group of academics.^ Du Bois seminal work The Souls of Black Folk...reasons, regardless of the anniversary: Du Bois uses interdisciplinary approaches...landscape, but the particulars that Du Bois outlines are somewhat academic.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Subseries E. International Events and Trips (Grouped by DGD, arranged chronologically) PD.92.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An informative piece on Du Bois' childhood in Great Barrington, MA, it also provides a useful discussion of the various ways that people and groups in the city have recognized Du Bois and his achievements.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .The trip was to include stops in Japan, China, and the Soviet Union.^ Visit the Soviet Union and visit China.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Africa does not ask alms from China nor from the Soviet Union nor from France, Britain, nor the United States.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Don't buy capital from Britain, France and the United States if you can get it on reasonable terms from the Soviet Union and China.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Soviet stop was canceled after Karl Radek, Du Bois's diplomatic contact, was swept up in Stalin's purges.^ Du Bois had very few contacts with white American students in Berlin; see Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois, 132.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois does come up with his famous formulation of poor whites gaining a “psychological wage”—as opposed to a material wage—from racism.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But by 1903 it was clear to Du Bois that a bargain in which you give up the one thing that gives you leverage is no bargain at all but an institutionalized exploitation.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

While on the Chinese leg of the trip, Du Bois commented that the source of Chinese-Japanese enmity was China's "submission to white aggression and Japan's resistance." He asked the Chinese people to welcome the Japanese as liberators. .Du Bois joined a large group of African-American academics who cited the Mukden Incident to justify Japan's occupation and annexation of the formerly European-held southern Manchuria.^ A controversial figure who was in many ways ahead of his time, Du Bois espoused racial and political beliefs of such variety and apparent contradiction as to bewilder as many Americans as he inspired and converted.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois seminal work The Souls of Black Folk...reasons, regardless of the anniversary: Du Bois uses interdisciplinary approaches...landscape, but the particulars that Du Bois outlines are somewhat academic.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.During 1936 Du Bois also visited Nazi Germany.^ Du Bois was investigated by the FBI, who claimed in May of 1942 that "his writing indicates him to be a socialist," and that he "has been called a Communist and at the same time criticized by the Communist Party."Du Bois visited Communist China during the Great Leap Forward.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ On November 13, 1951 Du Bois and his co-horts were acquitted ­ it was one of the few victories during the U.S. "red" scare period.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, Germany had a singular and exceptional meaning for Du Bois that set him apart from his white compatriots.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He later noted that he had received more respect from German academics than he had from white American colleagues.^ Through the course of the 30 minute video, I obtained more information on time management in a more sync manner than I had very received in the past.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LEWIS: Well, I think Du Bois is exceptional, above all, in this way, I think: that at 95, he is more radical than he was when he was 25, and he's more radical in most Americans' eye.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "I spent a happy holiday in a home where university training and German home-making left no room for American color prejudice," he noted, admitting that until then he "had not regarded white folk as human in quite the same way" as he was.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On his return to the United States, he voiced his ambivalence about the Nazi regime.^ Upon his return to the United States in ca.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet the Voice of America broadcast news of this concert as proof of the encouragement of Negro culture by the United States!
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ E183.8 C2 T46 2008 Thompson, John Herd, 1946- Canada and the United States : ambivalent allies.

While admiring how the Nazis had improved the German economy, he was horrified by their treatment of the Jews, which he described as "an attack on civilization, comparable only to such horrors as the Spanish Inquisition and the African slave trade".[25]

On scientific racism and eugenics

.Du Bois was an outspoken opponent of scientific racism.^ As a disillusioned Du Bois concluded, racism was .
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Roediger argues in his book, The Wages of Whiteness, for whom he credits Du Bois as his inspiration, that white workers are also responsible for “creating” racism, independently of the ruling class.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Marable stresses that, as a radical democrat, Du Bois viewed the problems of racism as intimately connected with capitalism.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

[26] .Along with cultural anthropologist Franz Boas, and in the pages of Crisis magazine, and in debates with advocates of a biological basis for white superiority Du Bois opposed the notion that African-Americans are biologically inferior to whites.^ And it was Du Bois' careful documentation along the way of how this system of redemption, as it was called, of the white South after Reconstruction and the laying on of segregation how that had been enacted and the politics of it and the economics of it that transformed American historiographers so that today, when we write about the Reconstruction period and, therefore, about the history of African Americans and freedom, we have a very different, mellow, nuanced, sophisticated and far less racist appreciation.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois said, "American Negroes do not propose to be the shock troops of the Communist Revolution, driven out in front to death, cruelty and humiliation in order to win victories for white workers."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bauerlein [ faculty page ] details Du Bois' initial support for Washington, as well as the factors leading to their later rift.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27][28][29][30][31]
.Du Bois opposed scientific justifications for racism and he spoke out against the eugenics experiments at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; he advocated the use of birth control in conjunction with what has been called his "elitist" encouragement of a "talented tenth" among gifted African-Americans.^ As a disillusioned Du Bois concluded, racism was .
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lewis is very good at highlighting Du Bois' conflict with Marcus Garvey of whom he draws a great character sketch.He points out that Garvey's early followers were often poor, less educated, and often of West Indian origins, while the more "elitist" Du Bois circulated among, and pretended to speak for, the Talented Tenth of the African American people.Du Bois was an elitist and intellectual who could not stomach the irrational pronouncements of Marcus Garvey.Du Bois' viewpoint was that of the Black urban, educated, professional.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ And so out of that atrocity came "the call," as they would say, which brought the Progressives, black and white, to Cooper Union to found what became the NAACP. It had an important component in a movement that Du Bois himself had started earlier in 1905, the Niagara Movement, exclusively made up of African American men and later women "talented tenth" types.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

[32][33]
.In 1904, Du Bois wrote that black people show no physical variation from Europeans sufficient to base any theory of essential human difference.^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence...
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois seminal work The Souls of Black Folk...reasons, regardless of the anniversary: Du Bois uses interdisciplinary approaches...landscape, but the particulars that Du Bois outlines are somewhat academic.
  • Du Bois W E B: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[34] In 1910, Du Bois challenged eugenicist opposition to racial mixing and lent his support to racial intermarriage; he said gradations exist within all races: “I believe that there are human stocks with whom it is physically unwise to intermarry, but to think that these stocks are all colored or that there are no such white stocks is unscientific and false.”[35]
In his 1932 essay on birth control in Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Review, Du Bois accepted the conventional wisdom that “the more intelligent class” uses birth control; he wrote that “The mass of ignorant Negroes still breed carelessly and disastrously, so that the increase among Negroes, even more than the increase among whites, is from that part of the population least intelligent and fit, and least able to rear their children properly.” He suggested that African Americans “learn that among human races and groups, as among vegetables, quality and not mere quantity really counts.”[36]

Later life

Du Bois in 1946, photo by Carl Van Vechten

Communism and activism

.Du Bois was one of a number of African-American leaders investigated by the FBI, which claimed in May 1942 that "his writing indicates him to be a socialist".[37] He was chairman of the Peace Information Center at the start of the Korean War, and among the signers of the Stockholm Peace Pledge, which opposed the use of nuclear weapons.^ The Peace Information Center continued its work.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois was investigated by the FBI, who claimed in May of 1942 that "his writing indicates him to be a socialist," and that he "has been called a Communist and at the same time criticized by the Communist Party."Du Bois visited Communist China during the Great Leap Forward.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ As the chairman of the Peace Information Center, he demanded the outlawing of atomic weapons.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1950, at the age of 82, Du Bois ran for U.S. Senator from New York on the American Labor Party ticket and polled a little over 200,000 votes, about 4% of the total.^ As s member of the left-wing American Labor Party he wrote: "Drunk with power, we (the U.S.) are leading the world to hell in a new colonialism with the same old human slavery, which once ruined us, to a third world war, which will ruin the world."
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his concentrated but vastly informative introduction, David Levering Lewis, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer of W.E.B. Du Bois, posits four career turning points that shaped this highly charged political life--from the disputes between Du Bois and Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey to the New York-NAACP years (1934) and the internal rift caused by Du Bois's fearless denunciations to the halls of academe to a run for the U.S. Senate at the age of 82.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Triumphantly, Du Bois wrote, This the American black man knows: his fight here is a fight to the finish.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although he lost, Du Bois remained committed to the progressive labor cause.^ On Du Bois's growing frustration with the white labor movement, see Du Bois, Darkwater, 48, 92–93, 115.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois tried to create black identity in the image of the progressive model of ethical awakening and social interaction.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The problem for Du Bois, however, was that he had conceived of the solution to the "Negro problem" on the basis of the same progressive matrix that white reformers used to perpetuate racialist thinking.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1958, he would join with Trotskyites, ex-Communists and independent radicals in proposing the creation of a united left-wing coalition to challenge for seats in elections for the New York State Senate and Assembly.^ In 1961, he joined the Communist Party and left America for good.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He proposed to use his father's Alabama farm and fortune to build a Negro town as an independent economic unit in the South.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The New York Independent noted this among the "three best papers presented," and continued: .
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

In March 16, 1953, upon the death of Joseph Stalin, Du Bois controversially wrote of him in The National Guardian:
.Joseph Stalin was a great man; few other men of the 20th century approach his stature.^ A few fine, strong, black men gained the heart of this silent, bitter man in New York and New Haven.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such phrases as a 'great man,' a 'keen thinker,' a strong leader,' and others akin occurred in the address.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ LEWIS: W.E.B. Du Bois was a man who lived about 95 years, and so his life really spans the 20th century and its issues and its major personalities.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

He was simple, calm and courageous. He seldom lost his poise; pondered his problems slowly, made his decisions clearly and firmly; never yielded to ostentation nor coyly refrained from holding his rightful place with dignity. He was the son of a serf but stood calmly before the great without hesitation or nerves. .But also - and this was the highest proof of his greatness - he knew the common man, felt his problems, followed his fate.^ She felt out of the world, shut in and mentally anaemic; great as the "Negro Problem" might be as a world problem, it looked sordid and small at close range.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[38]
.While Stalin had fallen into disfavor among most of the American left of that era, and Communism had come to be regarded as "the god that failed" in the eyes of such African-American luminaries as Ralph Ellison and Richard Wright, Du Bois, apparently not believing reports of Stalin's purges and dismissing them as propaganda, persisted in his admiration for Stalin.^ The Russians had great admiration for Du Bois.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Regarding Du Bois, Veroli wrote: [ .
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A controversial figure who was in many ways ahead of his time, Du Bois espoused racial and political beliefs of such variety and apparent contradiction as to bewilder as many Americans as he inspired and converted.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

[39] He was frequently challenged for his support of Stalin, particularly after Khrushchev's 1956 "Cult of Personality" speech which seemed to further evidence Stalin's purges. .Having once, after a 1920s visit to Russia, observed that "Russia is the victim of a determined propaganda of lies", he remained persistently skeptical of American media reports regarding the USSR; when challenged as to his beliefs on Stalin in 1956, in one instance he conceded that "[Stalin] was probably too cruel; but...^ Regardless of our other beliefs and affiliations, we united in this organization for the one and only purpose of informing the American people on the issues of peace."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

he conquered Hitler."[39]
.In regards to Soviet intervention in Hungary in 1956, the 88-year-old Du Bois defended the USSR, suggesting that the Hungarian Revolution was a plot of "landlords and fascists".[40] For this he has been criticized by some historians for allegedly succumbing to dogmatism; while he was "one of the great pioneers of anti-colonialist scholarship", he was "a headstrong idealist: he idealized Stalinism...^ But by his 93rd year Du Bois had had enough.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Russians had great admiration for Du Bois.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One great suggestion I will implement is exercising!
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He saw what he wished and needed to see, and thus he replicated the hard, domineering consciousness he condemned."[40]
.Du Bois visited Communist China during the Great Leap Forward.^ The Russians had great admiration for Du Bois.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois was investigated by the FBI, who claimed in May of 1942 that "his writing indicates him to be a socialist," and that he "has been called a Communist and at the same time criticized by the Communist Party."Du Bois visited Communist China during the Great Leap Forward.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Du Bois was angry at the Communist Party's tactics in the case which was to recruit southern Blacks, such as sharecroppers, to demonstrate against the trial.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was questioned before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) about his alleged communist sympathies.^ Excellent point in the video about asking a 'time' question before starting a new project.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was indicted in the United States under the Foreign Agents Registration Act and acquitted for lack of evidence.^ DuBois refused and was immediately indicted under the Foreign Agents Registration Act.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1951 Du Bois and others in the PIC were brought to trial for refusing register the organization with the Justice Department as "an agent of a foreign principal within the United States."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sufficient evidence was lacking, therefore DuBois was acquitted.
  • W.E.B. DuBois's MySpace Blog | 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In 1959 Du Bois received the Lenin Peace Prize.^ The predicament for Du Bois was that he conceived of the solution to the "Negro problem" on the basis of the same intellectual constructs that many white reformers used to perpetuate racialist thinking.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Du Bois's growing frustration with the white labor movement, see Du Bois, Darkwater, 48, 92–93, 115.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois had very few contacts with white American students in Berlin; see Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois, 132.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1961, at the age of 93, he joined the Communist Party USA, at a time when it was long past its peak of support.^ In 1961, he joined the Communist Party and left America for good.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois, who was a profound student and proponent of Marxian thought and who was accused of being a communist, did not actually officially join the Communist Party until 1961 long after his trials in America on the issue.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My past successes have always involved intense concentration over long periods of time.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Just forty days before he was assassinated, Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke at an event marking the hundredth anniversary of Du Bois' birth, at Carnegie Hall in New York City:[41]
We cannot talk of Dr. Du Bois without recognizing that he was a radical all of his life. .Some people would like to ignore the fact that he was a Communist in his later years.^ Some people would like to ignore the fact that he was a Communist in his later years.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her people were slow, tardy, but they would not thus forget her and disappoint her without some great cause.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have reason to know that people like the Cresswells would be delighted."
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is worth noting that Abraham Lincoln warmly welcomed the support of Karl Marx during the Civil War and corresponded with him freely.^ It is worth noting that Abraham Lincoln warmly welcomed the support of Karl Marx during the Civil War and corresponded with him freely.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A series of events during the 1850s brought the U.S. to the precipice of civil war.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Karl Marx commented on the future of the U.S. labor movement, in the aftermath of the Civil War.
  • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.In contemporary life, the English speaking world has no difficulty with the fact that Sean O'Casey was a literary giant of the twentieth century and a Communist, or that Pablo Neruda is generally considered the greatest living poet though he also served in the Chilean Senate as a Communist.^ In contemporary life the English-speaking world has no difficulty with the fact that Sean O'Casey was a literary giant of the twentieth century and a Communist or that Pablo Neruda is generally considered the greatest living poet though he also served in the Chilean Senate as a Communist.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To the world in general I was nearly always the isolated outsider looking in and seldom part of that inner life.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the thing which has been the secret of whatever I have done is the fact that I have been able to earn a living by doing the work which I wanted to do and work that the world needed done.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

It is time to cease muting the fact that Dr. Du Bois was a genius and chose to be a Communist. .Our irrational obsessive anti-communism has led us into too many quagmires to be retained as if it were a mode of scientific thinking.^ Our obsessive anti-communism has led us into too many quagmires to be retained as it were a mode of scientific thinking.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eben, thank you for taking the 'swirling mist' of most of our days and condensing and segmenting it into 'bite-sized chunks' for us!
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How the Press Led the US into War .
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

…Dr. .Du Bois' greatest virtue was his committed empathy with all the oppressed and his divine dissatisfaction with all forms of injustice.^ All of them can trace their roots to Du Bois.
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LEWIS: Well, I think Du Bois is exceptional, above all, in this way, I think: that at 95, he is more radical than he was when he was 25, and he's more radical in most Americans' eye.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most important of all, his basic works now out of print must be made available through the publishing of The Collected Works of Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[42]

Death

.Du Bois was invited to Ghana in 1961 by President Kwame Nkrumah to direct the Encyclopedia Africana, a government production, and a long-held dream of his.^ He was 93 years old at the time and leaving America to live in Ghana at the invitation of President Kwame Nkrumah.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois, who was a profound student and proponent of Marxian thought and who was accused of being a communist, did not actually officially join the Communist Party until 1961 long after his trials in America on the issue.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After being harassed endlessly by U.S. officials, they decided to emigrate to Ghana in 1961, where WEBD was invited to create the multi-volume Encyclopedia Africana, a work that was not completed until recent years.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When, in 1963, he was refused a new U.S. passport, he and his wife, Shirley Graham Du Bois, became citizens of Ghana.^ MC 476 Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois served as chair of the new organization.
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Contrary to some opinions (including David Levering Lewis's Pulitzer Prize winning biography of Du Bois), he never renounced his US citizenship, even when denied a passport to travel to Ghana.^ Hollis Giammatteo Book Description The essential writings of Du Bois have been selected and edited by David Levering Lewis, his Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ The pieces included in this volume were chosen by the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Du Bois, David Levering Lewis.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

^ Our guest is David Levering Lewis.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

Du Bois' health had declined in 1962, and on August 27, 1963, he died in Accra, Ghana at the age of ninety-five, one day before Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.[43] At the March on Washington, Roy Wilkins informed the hundreds of thousands of marchers and called for a moment of silence.[44]
.Du Bois is buried at Christiansborg Castle Grounds in Accra.^ In fact, Dr. Du Bois was buried after a State funeral, in Accra, Ghana, at the beach perhaps 100 yards from the Atlantic Ocean.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois's grasp of international politics and global exploitation were ground-breaking.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

Personal life

.Du Bois was married twice: first to Nina Gomer Du Bois (m.^ LAMB: And when Mr. Du Bois went there, was he one of the first people to go, one of the first classes?
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Social Theory of W. E. B. Du Bois is the first book to examine Du Boiss writings from a sociological perspective and emphasize his theoretical contributions.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ The first section of this essay examines Du Bois's participation in the German-American transfer of ideas in the late nineteenth century.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1896, d. .1950) with whom he had two children, Burghardt (who died as a baby) and Yolande; then to the author, playwright, composer, and activist Shirley Graham Du Bois (m.^ MC 476 Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abstract: Papers of Shirley (Graham) Du Bois, African American writer, playwright, composer, biographer, teacher, civil rights and left-wing activist.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1951, d. 1977) with whom he emigrated to Ghana. .The second volume of David Levering Lewis's Pulitzer-winning biography controversially presented evidence for extramarital relationships, describing Du Bois as "a priapic adulterer",[45] though a subsequent biography, Dubois and His Rivals by Raymond Wolters, cast doubt on this, based on the lack of direct corroboration from Du Bois's alleged lovers.^ DuBois biographer David Levering Lewis writes of this period, .
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our guest is David Levering Lewis.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The pieces included in this volume were chosen by the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Du Bois, David Levering Lewis.
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader by David Levering Lewis, W E B Du Bois, PH.D. (Used, New, Out-of-Print) - Alibris 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.alibris.com [Source type: General]

[46]

Pronunciation and spelling

.Du Bois's name is sometimes misspelled "DuBois," "du Bois," or "duBois"; the correct spelling separates the two syllables and capitalizes each.^ Marable stresses that, as a radical democrat, Du Bois viewed the problems of racism as intimately connected with capitalism.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Du Bois W E B 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ The multimedia course covers three themes which span DuBois' life and thought: "The Cultural Imagination of Du Bois;" "The International Vision of Du Bois;" and "Du Bois as Radical Democrat."
  • About W.E.B. Du Bois :: W E B Du Bois . org 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois's educational ideas and his concept of the "talented tenth" are spelled out in W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (Chicago, 1903).
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.Although the name is of French origin, Du Bois himself pronounced it /duːˈbɔɪs/, unlike the French [dybwa].^ Du Bois himself was in the process of deciding."
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Du Bois had not only been trained under Schmoller but had also received scholarly accolades from his former mentor, he remained excluded.
  • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early 17th century, two French Huguenots, sons of Cretian Du Bois, migrated from Flanders to America.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]

Works published

LocationAfrica.png
Pan-African topics
General
Pan-Africanism
Afro-Asian
Afro-Latino
African American
Kwanzaa
Colonialism
Africa
Maafa
Black people
African philosophy
Black conservatism
Black leftism
Black nationalism
Black orientalism
Afrocentrism
African Topics
Art
FESPACO
African art
PAFF
People
George Padmore
Walter Rodney
Patrice Lumumba
Thomas Sankara
Frantz Fanon
Chinweizu Ibekwe
Molefi Kete Asante
Ahmed Sékou Touré
Kwame Nkrumah
Marcus Garvey
Nnamdi Azikiwe
Malcolm X
W. E. B. Du Bois
C. L. R. James
Cheikh Anta Diop

.Du Bois wrote and published more than 4,000 articles, essays, and books over the course of his 95-year life.^ Calendar arrangement necessarily omits whole areas of Dr. Du Bois' public life.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ LEWIS: Well, I think Du Bois is exceptional, above all, in this way, I think: that at 95, he is more radical than he was when he was 25, and he's more radical in most Americans' eye.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To pretend that 15 years bring of themselves more wisdom and understanding than 50 is a contradiction in terms.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of these are out of print and hard to find even in their original publications.^ And Eban after seeing your video I think you will definitely want to find out more about these two tools.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm hearing lots of the same authors, books, and content referenced to through-out many of these "Guru's" publications.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For it is a hard thing to make a farm out of nothing, even in fifteen years.

.No edition of his complete works has yet been published.^ Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no one owns a United States copyright in these works, so the Foundation (and you!
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet Zora would take no money from Bles, and worked earnestly away.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1977, Paul G. Partington published a bibliography of Du Bois's published works, titled W. E. B. Du Bois: A Bibliography of His Published Writings.^ A Pictorial History of W.E.B. Du Bois: correspondence with Johnson Publishing Company, 1975-1980 37.1.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MC 476 Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Trust," correspondence with Kraus-Thomson Organization Limited (KTO Press), publisher of The Collected Published Works of W.E.B. Du Bois, 1971-1987; includes contract, invoices, notes, pamphlets.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(Whittier, CA: c.1977, 1979 (rev. ed.)) (privately published). .ISBN 0960253815. A supplement was published in 1984, titled W. E. B. Du Bois: A Bibliography of His Published Writings—Supplement.^ A Pictorial History of W.E.B. Du Bois: correspondence with Johnson Publishing Company, 1975-1980 37.1.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And neither of those things is there ever a suggestion of Du Bois' writings.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most important of all, his basic works now out of print must be made available through the publishing of The Collected Works of Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

(Whittier, CA: c. 1984), 20 pages. .The supplement represented Partington's research in the Du Bois papers owned by the University of Massachusetts Amherst.^ And it was a factor in Du Bois' desperate desire to leave Atlanta he was then teaching at Atlanta University to leave Atlanta for the sake of his wife's convalescence.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Du Bois is from Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and doubtless has some white blood in his veins.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ LEWIS: I went, in fact, to the same undergraduate institution Du Bois attended to get his first doctorate, his first bachelor's -- Fisk University in Tennessee.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

Books

.
  • Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880 by W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, with introduction by Du Bois biographer David Levering Lewis, 768 pages.^ DuBois biographer David Levering Lewis writes of this period, .
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For further biographical information, see Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000).
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the early 17th century, two French Huguenots, sons of Cretian Du Bois, migrated from Flanders to America.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .(Free Press: 1995, reissued from 1935 original) ISBN 0684856573.
  • The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America: 1638–1870 Ph.D. dissertation, 1896, (Harvard Historical Studies, Longmans, Green, and Co.: New York) Full Text
  • The Study of the Negro Problems (1898)
  • The Philadelphia Negro (1899)
  • The Negro in Business (1899)
  • The Evolution of Negro Leadership.^ Few political appointments of Negroes were made anywhere in the United States without his consent.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the United States I studied the political development from the free silver controversy led by Bryan through the administrations of Theodore Roosevelt and Taft, and especially the "Bull Moose" campaign and the election of Wilson.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "If Mr. Booker T. Washington, or any other person, is giving the impression abroad that the Negro problem in America is in process of satisfactory solution, he is giving an impression which is not true.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The Dial, 31 (July 16, 1901).
  • The Souls of Black Folk.^ The Souls his then a call to arms, not a call to vote, even if Black folk had the franchise.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And he wrote a marvelous apostrophe to his son in the "Souls of Black Folk," that wonderful collection of 18 essays which appeared in 1903 called "Of the Passing of the First Born."
    • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ DuBois's Souls of Black Folk answered the liberal and conservative racists and Booker T. Washington's accommodation to them..
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    1999 [[[1903 in literature|1903]]]. ISBN 0-393-97393-X. 
  • The Talented Tenth, second chapter of The Negro Problem, a collection of articles by African Americans (September 1903).
  • Voice of the Negro II (September 1905)
  • John Brown: A Biography (1909)
  • Efforts for Social Betterment among Negro Americans (1909)
  • Atlanta University's Studies of the Negro Problem (1897–1910)
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece 1911
  • The Negro (1915) (entire text)
  • Darkwater: Voices From Within the Veil (1920)
  • The Gift of Black Folk (1924)
  • Dark Princess: A Romance (1928)
  • Africa, Its Geography, People and Products (1930)
  • Africa: Its Place in Modern History (1930)
  • Black Reconstruction: An Essay toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860-1880 (1935)
  • What the Negro Has Done for the United States and Texas (1936)
  • Black Folk, Then and Now (1939)
  • Dusk of Dawn: An Essay Toward an Autobiography of a Race Concept (1940)
  • Color and Democracy: Colonies and Peace (1945)
  • The Encyclopedia of the Negro (1946)
  • The World and Africa (1946)
  • Peace Is Dangerous (1951)
  • I Take My Stand for Peace (1951)
  • In Battle for Peace (1952)
  • The Black Flame: A Trilogy
  • The Ordeal of Mansart (1957)
  • Mansart Builds a School (1959)
  • Africa in Battle Against Colonialism, Racialism, Imperialism (1960)
  • Worlds of Color (1961)
  • An ABC of Color: Selections from Over a Half Century of the Writings of W. E. B. Du Bois (1963)
  • The World and Africa, an Inquiry into the Part Which Africa Has Played in World History (1965)
  • The Autobiography of W. E. Burghardt Du Bois (International publishers, 1968)

Articles

Recordings

W.E.B. Du Bois "Credo"

.Du Bois is viewed by many as a modern day prophet [47].^ His first wife died in 1950, and he married Shirley Graham Du Bois, a woman he had known for many, many years.
  • Booknotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.booknotes.org [Source type: Original source]

.This is highlighted by his "Credo" - a prose-poem written in 1900 when he was just 23 and first published in The Independent in 1904. It was written in style similar to a Christian creed and was his statement of faith and vision for change (his "I Have A Dream" essay).^ Senator Morgan of Alabama had just published a scathing attack on "niggers" in a leading magazine, when my first Harvard thesis was due.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]. .Credo was widely read and recited and revered by many during his time—and still is today, over 100 years later.^ I guess I can do that during the reading time I will be scheduling.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have many of the books that you referred to but have not actually made time to read them.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And believe me, many a $25,000-a-year executive is living in just such a hell today.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.I believe in God who made of one blood all races that dwell on earth.^ He must not find her here--not here; there was but one place in all the earth for them to meet, and that was yonder in the Silver Fleece.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because GOD’s words are the only words that matter and worth believing in, no one else’s.

^ Being one who had all the pieces but was always getting diverted - the Monkey Mind.
  • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

I believe that all men, black and brown and white, are brothers, varying, through Time and Opportunity, in form and gift and feature, but differing in no essential particular, and alike in soul and in the possibility of infinite development.
Especially do I believe in the Negro Race; in the beauty of its genius, the sweetness of its soul, and its strength in that meekness which shall yet inherit this turbulent earth.
I believe in pride of race and lineage and self; in pride of self so deep as to scorn injustice to other selves; in pride of lineage so great as to despise no man's father; in pride of race so chivalrous as neither to offer bastardy to the weak nor beg wedlock of the strong, knowing that men may be brothers in Christ, even though they be not brothers-in-law.
.I believe in Service -- humble reverent service, from the blackening of boots to the whitening of souls; for Work is Heaven, Idleness Hell, and Wage is the "Well done!"^ China has been in hell too long, not to believe in a heaven of her own making.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Very well; work with him; and when we can be of real service let us know.
  • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If he but had some master-work, some life-service, hard, -- aye, bitter hard, but without the cringing and sickening servility, without the cruel hurt that hardened his heart and soul.

of the Master who summoned all that labor and are heavy laden, making no distinction between the black sweating cotton-hands of Georgia and the First Families of Virginia, since all distinction not based on deed is devilish and not divine.
I believe in the Devil and his angels, who want only work to narrow the opportunity of struggling human beings, especially if they be black; who spit in the faces of the fallen, strike them that cannot strike again, believe the worst and work to prove it, hating the image which their Maker stamped on a brother's soul.
I believe in the Prince of Peace. I believe that War is Murder. I believe that armies and navies are at bottom the tinsel and braggadocio of oppression and wrong; and I believe that the wicked conquest of weaker and darker nations by nations whiter and stronger but foreshadows the death of that strength.
I believe in Liberty for all men; the space to stretch their arms and their souls; the right to breathe and the right to vote, the freedom to choose their friends, enjoy the sunshine and ride on the railroads, uncursed by color; thinking, dreaming, working as they will in a kingdom of God and love.
I believe in the training of children black even as white; the leading out of little souls into the green pastures and beside the still waters, not for pelf or peace, but for Life lit by some large vision of beauty and goodness and truth; lest we forget, and the sons of the fathers, like Esau, for mere meat barter their birthright in a mighty nation.
Finally, I believe in Patience -- patience with the weakness of the Weak and the strength of the Strong, the prejudice of the ignorant and the ignorance of the Blind; patience with the tardy triumph of Joy and the mad chastening of Sorrow -- patience with God.

Published as

.
  • Writings: The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade, The Souls of Black Folk, Dusk of Dawn (Nathan I. Huggins, ed.^ The Souls his then a call to arms, not a call to vote, even if Black folk had the franchise.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Most persons believed that Negro slavery could not continue without a slave trade so they arranged to suppress this African slave trade in 20 years and thus gradually they hoped the slave labor would disappear.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ DuBois's Souls of Black Folk answered the liberal and conservative racists and Booker T. Washington's accommodation to them..
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ) (Library of America, 1986) ISBN 978-0-94045033-2

Bibliography

.
  • David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919, (Owl Books 1994).^ For further biographical information, see Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000).
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 .
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After the coup in 1966 that resulted in the unseating of Ghanaian president, Kwame Nkrumah, SGD moved to Cairo where she lived with her son, David (Graham) Du Bois.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Winner of the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Biography [2], the 1994 Bancroft Prize and the 1994 Francis Parkman Prize.
  • David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963, (Owl Books 2001).^ DuBois biographer David Levering Lewis writes of this period, .
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There it ran against the opposition of an American woman who wrote: "I think there is serious objection to entertaining Dr. Du Bois at the Lyceum."
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the early 17th century, two French Huguenots, sons of Cretian Du Bois, migrated from Flanders to America.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Covers the second half of the life of W. E. B. Du Bois, charting 44 years of the culture and politics of race in the United States.^ "For 50 years I have been in touch with social currents in the United States.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The history of the United States in the last 75 years has been one of the great series of events in human history.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Few political appointments of Negroes were made anywhere in the United States without his consent.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Winner of the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Biography [3]
  • Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, A Gift of the Spirit: Reading THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007.
  • Emma Gelders Sterne, His Was The Voice, The Life of W. E. B. Du Bois, New York: Crowell-Collier Press, 1971
  • Sarah Ann McGill, W. E. B. Du Bois
  • Keith Johnson and Elwood Watson, "The W. E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington Debate:Effects upon African American Roles in Engineering and Engineering Technology"', Journal of Technology Studies, Fall 2004
  • Brown, Theodore M., Fee, and Elizabeth; "William Edward Burghardt-Historian, Social Critic, Activist", American Journal of Public Health, Feb 2003.
  • Edward J. Blum.^ Accession number: 2001-M22 These papers were purchased from David Graham Du Bois by the Radcliffe Institute and Harvard University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research for the Schlesinger Library in 2001.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Calendar arrangement necessarily omits whole areas of Dr. Du Bois' public life.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The white New York family removed the boys from school and took charge of their father's property.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet.^ There it ran against the opposition of an American woman who wrote: "I think there is serious objection to entertaining Dr. Du Bois at the Lyceum."
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Abstract: Papers of Shirley (Graham) Du Bois, African American writer, playwright, composer, biographer, teacher, civil rights and left-wing activist.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, 288 pp. (Politics and Culture in Modern America).

Honors and Legacy

.In 1958 Du Bois was awarded an honorary doctoral degree from the University of Prague.^ "Paper Dedication, UMass," re: WEBD archives, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1973-1980; includes SGD honorary doctoral degree, brochures, clippings, press packets, citation, speech.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other events, 1960, n.d.; includes delegates from the Afro-American delegation, Vivian and Bill Graham at the president's home, WEBD receiving an honorary degree from the University of Ghana.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois' honors were many: Fellow and Life Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Member, National Institute of Arts and Letters; Knight Commander of the Liberian Order of African Redemption; International Peace Prize; Lenin Peace Prize; and Honorary Degrees from: Fisk University, Howard University, Atlanta University, Wilberforce University, Morgan State College, University of Berlin, Charles University (Prague).
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

His honorary dissertation was entitled The Negro and Communism.[48]
.In 1959 the USSR awarded him the International Lenin Peace Prize.^ Press release and program, re: International Peace Award, 1953.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After his death in 1963, the Ghanaian government honored Du Bois with a state funeral, and his coffin was carried on a gun carriage in a ceremony held in Accra.^ My grandfather Du Bois died while I was at Harvard, and although the settlement of the estate was held up for lack of exact data concerning my father's death, eventually $400 was paid me during my senior year.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dies (August 27); given a State funeral; lies buried in Accra.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ J. Finley Wilson, have joined in sponsoring a testimonial dinner honoring W. E. B. Du Bois on the occasion of his eighty-third birthday this month.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.His remains were kept at Christiansborg Castle until 1985, when Ghana's then-leader, J.J. Rawlings, opened Du Bois's former residence as a memorial center, and he was re-interred with the remains of his second wife, Shirley Graham Du Bois.^ MC 476 Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For further biographical information, see Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000).
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The W.E.B. Du Bois Memorial Centre is located in the Cantonments district of Accra, and visitors can see personal effects and photographs of Du Bois and visit his memorial grave.^ For further biographical information, see Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000).
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He told Mr. Spingarn frankly that he should be "careful of that man Du Bois," who was in Roosevelt's opinion a "dangerous" person.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Correspondence, 1961; includes uncataloged photograph of young Ghanaian boy in Du Boises' holiday card.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1992, the United States Postal Service honored W. E. B. Du Bois with his portrait on a postage stamp.^ J. Finley Wilson, have joined in sponsoring a testimonial dinner honoring W. E. B. Du Bois on the occasion of his eighty-third birthday this month.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, Dr. Du Bois was buried after a State funeral, in Accra, Ghana, at the beach perhaps 100 yards from the Atlantic Ocean.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although WEBD was acquitted for insufficient evidence, the Du Boises were frustrated with lack of progress in the United States.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On October 5, 1994, the main library at the University of Massachusetts - Amherst was named after him.^ "Paper Dedication, UMass," re: WEBD archives, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1973-1980 15.4.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Du Bois center at the Northern Arizona University is named after him as well.[49]
.In 1973 there was a residence hall constructed on the campus of Morehouse College named after Du Bois.^ There it ran against the opposition of an American woman who wrote: "I think there is serious objection to entertaining Dr. Du Bois at the Lyceum."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is now The W.E.B Du Bois International house.^ Most important of all, his basic works now out of print must be made available through the publishing of The Collected Works of Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

A dormitory was named after Du Bois at the University of Pennsylvania, where he conducted field research for his sociological study "The Philadelphia Negro."
.Du Bois lectures are held monthly at Humboldt-University Berlin.^ Copyright to all unpublished papers created by Shirley Graham Du Bois is held by Odell Murry.
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed W. E. B. Du Bois on his list of the 100 Greatest African Americans.^ In fact, Dr. Du Bois was buried after a State funeral, in Accra, Ghana, at the beach perhaps 100 yards from the Atlantic Ocean.
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There it ran against the opposition of an American woman who wrote: "I think there is serious objection to entertaining Dr. Du Bois at the Lyceum."
  • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

[50]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Du Bois - How to Spell It, How to Say It". W. E. B. Du Bois Global Resource Collection. Berkshire Publishing Group. http://www.duboisweb.org/. Retrieved 2007-11-13. "My name is pronounced in the clear English fashion: Du with u as in Sue; Bois, as oi in voice. The accent is on the second syllable." 
  2. ^ W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963
  3. ^ The Souls of Black Folk, pg.2
  4. ^ Moore, Jaqueline (2003). M. Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, and the Struggle for Racial Uplift. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources.
  5. ^ A play about Du Bois' summer of 1888 in Minnesota was written and performed in 2002 in St. Paul, Minnesota, titled Summer in the Shadows, (2002) by Kim Hines. See http://www.illusiontheater.org/season/archives/index.asp?sid=145&id=36&p=8.
  6. ^ James Neyland, W. E. B. Du Bois, p. 60 (Melrose Square Publishing Company, June 1993) ISBN 0870675885
  7. ^ Peggy Brooks-Bertram. "Houston, Drusilla Dunjee (1876-1941)". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society via Electronic Publishing Center (at Oklahoma State University). http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/H/HO038.html. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  8. ^ "Biographical Profile of William Leo Hansberry". Africawithin.com. 1965-11-03. http://www.africawithin.com/hansberry/hansberry_profile.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  9. ^ "William Leo Hansberry". Africawithin.com. http://www.africawithin.com/hansberry/wlhansberry.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  10. ^ a b "The Negro Question: Essays and Sketches Touching Upon It by a Colored Writer". New York Times: p. BR7. April 25, 1903. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C04E2DE1F30E733A25756C2A9629C946297D6CF. 
  11. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20031212083153/http://www.brechtforum.org/janmar2003/2-5c2.htm
  12. ^ ""Dr. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois", African American Literature Book Club, accessed 12 Nov 2008". Authors.aalbc.com. http://authors.aalbc.com/dubois.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  13. ^ a b Anne Maxell, "Montrer l'Autre: Franz Boas et les soeurs Gerhard", in Zoos humains. De la Vénus hottentote aux reality shows, Nicolas Bancel, Pascal Blanchard, Gilles Boëtsch, Eric Deroo, Sandrine Lemaire, edition La Découverte (2002), p.331-339, in part. p.338
  14. ^ See Paul D. Nelson and David Levering Lewis, Fredrick L. McGhee: A Life on the Color Line, 1861-1912 (Minnesota Historical Society 2002).
  15. ^ "A New and Changed NAACP Magazine"', 'The Baltimore Sun, June 8, 1997
  16. ^ Dubois, "A Lunatic or a Traitor", The Crisis, Vol. 28 (May 1924), pp. 8-9.
  17. ^ Colin Grant, Negro with a Hat: The Rise and Fall of Marcus Garvey and His Dream of Mother Africa, Oxford University Press, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Zuckerman "Du Bois on Religion"
  19. ^ Freethinkers: A History of American Secularism. 191
  20. ^ 191
  21. ^ 193
  22. ^ http://silverdialogues.fas.nyu.edu/docs/CP/301/leveringlewis.pdf
  23. ^ a b November 5, 2000, The Washington Post
  24. ^ Gallicchio, Marc S.. The African American encounter with Japan and China : Black internationalism in Asia, 1895-1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 104. ISBN 9780807825594. OCLC 43334134. http://books.google.com/books?id=oh3Cn3YQ0UQC&pg=PA104&lpg=PA104&dq=hikida+%22du+bois%22+or+dubois&source=web&ots=sI7nbHF8m9&sig=3AMkrGOvbU5_qnH2U3GtQg7JkAk&hl=en#PPA104,M1. Retrieved 2008-05-29. 
  25. ^ Ishmael Reed, "Eminent Contrarian", Voice Literary Supplement, October-November 2000.
  26. ^ Derryn E. Moten. "Racial Integrity or 'Race Suicide': Virginia's Eugenic Movement, W. E. B. Du Bois, and the Work of Walter A. Plecker." Negro History Bulletin, April-September 1999.
  27. ^ Matthew Pratt Guterl. The Color of Race in America, 1900-1940. 2001 Harvard University Press.
  28. ^ Carl N. Degler. In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought. (New York: Oxford University), 1991.
  29. ^ Carol M. Taylor "W.E.B. DuBois's Challenge to Scientific Racism." Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 11, No. 4 (Jun., 1981):449-460.
  30. ^ Laura Doyle. Bordering on the Body: The Racial Matrix of Modern Fiction and Culture. (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994), 10.
  31. ^ Julia E. Liss. "Diasporic Identities: The Science and Politics of Race in the Work of Franz Boas and W. E. B. Du Bois, 1894-1919". Cultural Anthropology. Vol. 13 Issue 2 Page 127 May 1998.
  32. ^ Daylanne English. Unnatural Selections: Eugenics in American Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  33. ^ David Levering Lewis. W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919 (Owl Books 1994).
  34. ^ W. E. B. Du Bois, “Heredity and the Public Schools,” in Aptheker, Pamphlets and Leaflets, 50.
  35. ^ W. E. B. Du Bois, “The Marrying of Black Folk,” The Independent 69 (October 13, 1910): 812-813; reprinted in Herbert Aptheker, ed., Writings by W. E. B. Du Bois in Periodicals Edited by Others vol. 2 (1910-1934), (Kraus-Thomson Organization Limited, 1982), 33.
  36. ^ W. E. B. Du Bois, “Black Folk and Birth Control,” Birth Control Review 16 (June 1932): 166-167.
  37. ^ Du Bois, W. E. B (April 19, 1999) [1903]. Gates, Henry Louis and Oliver, Terri Hume. ed. The Souls of Black Folk (New ed.). New York City: W. W. Norton. ISBN 039397393X. 
  38. ^ "DuBois on Stalin". Mltranslations.org. 1953-03-16. http://www.mltranslations.org/Miscellaneous/DuBoisJVS.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  39. ^ a b Blum, Edward J. W. E. B. Du Bois. 2007, page 196
  40. ^ a b Kaplan, Amy, and Pease, Donald E. Cultures of United States Imperialism, 1993, p471
  41. ^ Jackson, Esther Cooper, Editor (2001). Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country. Basic Books. ISBN 9780813367699. http://isbn.nu/9780813367699. 
  42. ^ Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country pp. 36-37, 38
  43. ^ "W. E. B. Du Bois Dies in Ghana; Negro Leader and Author, 95". New York Times. August 28, 1963. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0223.html. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "W. E. B. Du Bois, the American Negro philosopher and writer, who settled in Ghana a few years ago, died last night, the Government announced. He was 95 years old." 
  44. ^ Aptheker, Herbert (December 1993). "On Du Bois's move to Africa - W.E.B. Du Bois". Monthly Review. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1132/is_n7_v45/ai_14693264. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  45. ^ Soul on Fire (review of The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919-1963), Richard Lingeman, New York Times November 5, 2000.
  46. ^ "Raymond Wolters. Du Bois and His Rivals", Mitchell, Verner D., African-American Review, June 22, 2006 online at articlearchives.com
  47. ^ Edward J. Blum. W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, 288 pp
  48. ^ http://foia.fbi.gov/dubois/dubois5.pdf
  49. ^ http://home.nau.edu/dubois/
  50. ^ Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.

Further reading

.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet.^ There it ran against the opposition of an American woman who wrote: "I think there is serious objection to entertaining Dr. Du Bois at the Lyceum."
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Abstract: Papers of Shirley (Graham) Du Bois, African American writer, playwright, composer, biographer, teacher, civil rights and left-wing activist.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Edward J. Blum. .2007.
  • "W. E. B. Du Bois Between Worlds: Berlin, Empirical Social Research, and the Race Question."^ For further biographical information, see Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000).
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Between me and the other world there is ever an unasked question: unasked by some through feelings of delicacy; by others through the difficulty of rightly framing it.

    ^ We now face the possibility of co-existence with the communist world, and competition between the methods of capitalism and the methods of socialism.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    Barrington S. Edwards. .Du Bois Review 3:2 (September 2006): 395-424.
  • "W. E. B. Du Bois Horizon: Documenting Movements of the Color Line."^ In 1907 he assumed the editorship of a new magazine named The Horizon: A Journal of the Color Line.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A Harvard professor wrote to Kate Field's Washington , then a leading periodical: "Du Bois, the colored orator of the commencement stage, made a ten-strike.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This movement became another way of fighting the `color line' on a world scale.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    Susanna M. Ashton. .MELUS (Multi-Ethnic Literatures of the United States) 26.4 (Winter 2002): 3-23.
  • Reconsidering The Souls of Black Folk.^ The Souls his then a call to arms, not a call to vote, even if Black folk had the franchise.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fisk University student movement for a black university; article by SGD in opposition to advertisement, "An Appeal by Black Americans for United States Support to Israel" (ts.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Original Work: The Souls of Black Folk .
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    Stanley Crouch and Playthell Benjamin. Running Press, Philadelphia, PA. 2002.
  • The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois Reader. Eric J. Sundquist, ed. Oxford University Press. .1996
  • Black and Red: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1944-1963.^ Accession number: 2001-M22 These papers were purchased from David Graham Du Bois by the Radcliffe Institute and Harvard University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research for the Schlesinger Library in 2001.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Du Bois, Director of Television: Personal" (disassembled binder), 1964-1966; includes correspondence, SGD's schedule, WEBD's work, "repatriation" of Afro-Americans to Ghana.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 .
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Gerald Horne. .State University of New York Press.^ New York: Third Press, 1972 Zulu Heart.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bishop Potter of New York wrote in the Boston Herald : "When at the last commencement of Harvard University, I saw a young colored man appear .
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York 1989    Prepared for the University of Virginia Library Electronic Text Center.

    1986.
  • The Art and Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois. Arnold Rampersad. Harvard University Press. .1976.
  • Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington.^ There was no question of Booker T. Washington's undisputed leadership of the ten million Negroes in America, a leadership recognized gladly by the whites and conceded by most of the Negroes.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "If Mr. Booker T. Washington, or any other person, is giving the impression abroad that the Negro problem in America is in process of satisfactory solution, he is giving an impression which is not true.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Easily the most striking thing in the history of the American Negro since 1876 is the ascendancy of Mr. Booker T. Washington.

    August Meier. University of Michigan Press. .1963.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois: Propagandist of the Negro Protest.^ The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 .
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Elliott M. Rudwick. New York: Atheneum. .1960.
  • W. E. B. Du Bois: Negro Leader in a Time of Crisis.^ The 4th Annual Meeting of the American Peace Congress met in St. Louis in May, 1923; it was a "correct" and respectable society and as such drew criticism at the time from Du Bois--see The Crisis , May, 1913, Vol.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "I have seen the crisis approaching for some time, and the Negro business settles it," he continued.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Du Bois comments on the event and the trial are in The Crisis , January and July, 1926, XXX, 60f., XXXI, 114.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    Francis L. Broderick. Stanford University Press. .1959.
  • The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later.^ In that first year they taught one hundred thousand souls, and more.

    ^ The Souls his then a call to arms, not a call to vote, even if Black folk had the franchise.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Souls of Black Folk Du Bois, W. E. Burghardt.

    Dolan Hubbard, ed. University of Missouri Press. .2003.
  • The Professor and the Pupil: The Politics and Friendship of W.E.B. Du Bois and Paul Robeson.^ A Harvard professor wrote to Kate Field's Washington , then a leading periodical: "Du Bois, the colored orator of the commencement stage, made a ten-strike.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    Murali Balaji, Nation Books, 2007.
  • The Socialist Analysis of W.E.B. Du Bois. .W. D. Wright, Ann Arbor, MI.: University Microfilms Intl' 1985.
  • A Small Nation of People: W. E. B. Du Bois and African American Portraits of Progress, by David Levering Lewis and Deborah Willis, HarperCollins, 2005, ISBN 0060817569.
  • In the Shadow of Du Bois: Afro-Modern Political Thought in America.^ Accession number: 2001-M22 These papers were purchased from David Graham Du Bois by the Radcliffe Institute and Harvard University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research for the Schlesinger Library in 2001.
    • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk): A Finding Aid 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ DuBois biographer David Levering Lewis writes of this period, .
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Meantime, new thoughts came to the nation: the inevitable period of moral retrogression and political trickery that ever follows in the wake of war overtook us.

    Robert Gooding-Williams. Harvard University Press, 2009.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

The theory of democratic government is not that the will of the people is always right, but rather that normal human beings of average intelligence will, if given a chance, learn the right and best course by bitter experience.
.William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-02-231963-08-27) was an American civil rights activist, sociologist, educator, historian, author, editor, and scholar.^ Word Count: 331 (1868–1963), civil rights leader and author.
  • Oxford AASC: Du Bois, W(illiam) E(dward) B(urghardt) At a Glance 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.oxfordaasc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Du Bois believed in education, liberation .
  • Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Black History Month - Du Bois believed in education,liberation 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.post-gazette.com [Source type: News]

^ William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, leader, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar.
  • NAACP - W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.naacp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Sourced

.What shall Virtue do to meet Brute Force?^ What shall Virtue do to meet Brute Force?
  • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

There are so many answers and so contradictory; and such differences for those on the one hand who meet questions similar to this once a year or once a decade, and those who face them hourly and daily.
Believe in life! .Always human beings will progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.
  • There is always a certain glamour about the idea of a nation rising up to crush an evil simply because it is wrong.^ Always human beings will live and progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotations 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.memorablequotations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotes 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.brainyquote.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ There is always a certain glamour about the idea of a nation rising up to crush an evil simply because it is wrong.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A l w a ys human beings will live and progress to greater , broader, and f u l l e r lives."
    • Daily Celebrations ~ W.E.B. Du Bois, Greater Broader and Fuller ~ February 23 ~ Ideas to motivate, educate, and inspire 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.dailycelebrations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Unfortunately, this can seldom be realized in real life; for the very existence of the evil usually argues a moral weakness in the very place where extraordinary moral strength is called for.^ Unfortunately, this can seldom be realized in real life; for the very existence of the evil usually argues a moral weakness in the very place where extraordinary moral strength is called for.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The argument gathered tremen- dous strength South and North; but its very strength was its weakness.
    • The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois. - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/4) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I realized how natural this was and knew that neither Nkrumah nor Padmore were calling a Sixth "Pan-African Congress" but that this "All-Africa Conference" was taking its place.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870 (1897), ch.^ His doctoral dissertation, The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638–1870 , was published in 1896.
      • W. E. B. Du Bois (American sociologist and social reformer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ His doctoral thesis, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America, 1638–1870, is the first volume of the Harvard Historical Series.
      • Postcolonial Theory and Literature - W. E. B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC science.jrank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870 (1897), ch.
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .XII: The Essentials in the Struggle, paragraph 93: "The Moral Movement"
  • There is but one coward on earth, and that is the coward that dare not know.^ XII: The Essentials in the Struggle, paragraph 93: "The Moral Movement" There is but one coward on earth, and that is the coward that dare not know.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Black Belt of Georgia and seek simply to know the condition of the black farm-laborers of one county there.

    ^ "For instance, all these Negroes are, as you know, of wretchedly low morals; but there are a few so depraved that it would be suicidal to take them into this school.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line.^ "For the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color...
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Group 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ At the conference, Du Bois said, "...the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color line."

    ^ W. E. B. Du Bois The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotes 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.brainyquote.com [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • To the Nations of the World, address to Pan-African conference, London (1900).^ Secretary of the first Pan-African Conference in London.
      • DuBoisweb.org: W. E. B. Du Bois Chronology 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.duboisweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Pan-African Conference in London 1900 .
      • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt Biography - S9.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.s9.com [Source type: Academic]

      ^ To the Nations of the World , address to Pan-African conference, London (1900).
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .These words are also found in The Souls of Black Folk (1903), ch.^ He distilled his views in his famous 1903 book The Souls of Black Folk .
      • W. E. B. Du Bois Biography (Writer/Social Reformer) — Infoplease.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
      • W. E. B. Du Bois Biography from Who2.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.who2.com [Source type: Academic]
      • W. E. B. Du Bois Biography (Writer/Social Reformer) — FactMonster.com 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Souls of Black Folk (complete text).
      • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

      ^ The souls of black folk.

      .II: Of the Dawn of Freedom
  • I insist that the object of all true education is not to make men carpenters, it is to make carpenters men.^ We must seek not to make men carpenters but to make carpenters men."

    ^ II: Of the Dawn of Freedom I insist that the object of all true education is not to make men carpenters, it is to make carpenters men.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For all practical purposes, despite war and compromises, the latter part of the 19 th century did not offer true social, economic and political freedom for the newly freed men and women.
    • Clarifying W.E.B. Du Bois opposition to Booker T. Washington� program 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.csmsmagazine.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • The Talented Tenth, published as the second chapter of The Negro Problem, a collection of articles by African Americans (New York: James Pott and Company, 1903)
  • The cost of liberty is less than the price of repression.^ The Negro Problem a series of articles by representative American Negroes of today.

    ^ The cost of liberty is less than the price of repression.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois [William Du Bois] [Edward Du Bois] [Borghardt Du Bois] Quotations, Biography - ( 1868 – 1963 ), [ William Du Bois ] [ Edward Du Bois ] [ Borghardt Du 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.jrank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotes 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC www.brainyquote.com [Source type: Academic]
    • W. E. B. Du Bois quotes 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Writings His works include: The Souls of Black Folk ; "The Evolution of Negro Leadership" published in The Dial 31 (July 16, 1901); "The Talented Tenth" published as the second chapter of The Negro Problem , a collection of articles by African Americans.

    .
    • John Brown: A Biography (1909): "The Legacy of John Brown"
  • Liberty trains for liberty.^ Log in Join EServer » Antislavery Literature » Legacies » John Brown [Du Bois] » John Brown [Du Bois] (PDF) .
    • John Brown [Du Bois] (PDF) — Antislavery Literature Project 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC antislavery.eserver.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Among his many publications are sociological studies as well as studies of the slave trade (1896), John Brown (1909), and Reconstruction (1935).

    ^ Other significant publications were The Souls of Black Folk : Essays and Sketches (1903), one of the outstanding collections of essays in American letters, and John Brown (1909), a sympathetic portrayal published in the American Crisis Biographies series.
    • William Edward Burghardt Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.africawithin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Responsibility is the first step in responsibility.^ Responsibility is the first step in responsibility.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • John Brown: A Biography (1909): "The Legacy of John Brown"
  • I believe that there are human stocks with whom it is physically unwise to intermarry, but to think that these stocks are all colored or that there are no such white stocks is unscientific and false.^ W.E.B. Dubois I believe that there are human stocks with whom it is physically unwise to intermarry, but to think that these stocks are all colored or that there are no such white stocks is unscientific and false.

    ^ John Brown: A Biography (1909): "The Legacy of John Brown" I believe that there are human stocks with whom it is physically unwise to intermarry, but to think that these stocks are all colored or that there are no such white stocks is unscientific and false.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ John Brown : a biography .

    .
    • As quoted in Fighting Fire with Fire: African Americans and Hereditarian Thinking, 1900-1942 by Gregory Michael Dorr (RTF document).^ As quoted in Fighting Fire with Fire: African Americans and Hereditarian Thinking, 1900-1942 by Gregory Michael Dorr (RTF document) .
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ About: African American quotes .
      • W. E. B. Du Bois quotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: General]

      ^ THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK Du Bois, W.E.B. First published in 1903, this book remains an important document of African-American social and political history.
      • Africa Book Centre Limited W.E.B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.africabookcentre.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Dorr dates this quote to 1910.
  • The cause of war is preparation for war.^ "The cause of war is preparation for war".
    • Learn More About WEB Du Bois - Helsinki Web Journal 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.clubhelsinkiweb.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dorr dates this quote to 1910.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "The cause of war is preparation for war."
    • Talk:W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Darkwater (1920), Ch.^ Darkwater (1920), Ch.
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .II: The Souls of White Folk
  • How shall Integrity face Oppression?^ Though much of this chapter is made up of a critique of Washington, Du Bois nonetheless offers a strategy for black advancement in the face of white hostility and oppression.
    • Teachers' Resource Web Maintained by Alfred J. Drake, Ph.D. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.ajdrake.com [Source type: General]

    ^ To find variations of a phrase, one can use the asterisk, like so      "Souls of * Folk" to return pages with Souls of Black Folk and/or Souls of White Folk on them.
    • Search W E B Du Bois . org 25 September 2009 10:49 UTC www.webdubois.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In a particularly important essay of Dark Water, called “The Souls of White Folk,” Du Bois reveals some of the wisdom of his race’s privileged perspective.
    • Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .What shall Honesty do in the face of Deception, Decency in the face of Insult, Self-Defense before Blows?^ What shall Honesty do in the face of Deception, Decency in the face of Insult, Self-Defense before Blows?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They'll loaf before your face and work behind your back with good-natured honesty.

    .How shall Desert and Accomplishment meet Despising, Detraction, and Lies?^ How shall Desert and Accomplishment meet Despising, Detraction, .
    • Web dubois accomplishment 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.wowwebdesigns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ How shall Desert and Accomplishment meet Despising, .
    • Web dubois accomplishment 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.wowwebdesigns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ How shall Desert and Accomplishment meet Despising, Detraction, and Lies?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .What shall Virtue do to meet Brute Force?^ What shall Virtue do to meet Brute Force?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There are so many answers and so contradictory; and such differences for those on the one hand who meet questions similar to this once a year or once a decade, and those who face them hourly and daily.^ There was only one way to answer these questions.
    • Dissecting the ‘Double-Consciousness’: Expanding Upon the Theories of W.E.B. Du Bois and The Souls of Black Folk | illvox 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC illvox.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are so many answers and so contradictory; and such differences for those on the one hand who meet questions similar to this once a year or once a decade, and those who face them hourly and daily.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are other questions, many others, this brilliant book answers.
    • Review of: Blum, W.E.B. Du Bois: American Prophet by Reiland Rabaka 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC jsr.fsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • The Ordeal of Mansart (1957) [Kraus-Thomson, 1976, ISBN 0-527-25270-0], p.^ Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus-Thomson Organization, 1976.
      • Honorees - W.E.B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.libs.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Volume 1: The ordeal of Mansart.1976, 316 S. The black flame.

      ^ Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus-Thomson Organization Ltd., [c1957] 1976.
      • Honorees - W.E.B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.libs.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

      .275
  • The return from your work must be the satisfaction which that work brings you and the world's need of that work.^ The return from your work must be the satisfaction which that work brings you and the world's need of that work.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We carefully curate the web’s most essential stories and bring you original must-reads from our talented contributors.

    ^ If you need information about a particular place or issue, just send your questions in.
    • Balancing Act News Update - African internet developments 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.balancingact-africa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .With this, life is heaven, or as near heaven as you can get.^ With this, life is heaven, or as near heaven as you can get.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Without this — with work which you despise, which bores you, and which the world does not need — this life is hell.^ Without this — with work which you despise, which bores you, and which the world does not need — this life is hell.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Without this—with work which you despise, which bores you, and which the world does not need—this life is hell."
    • Talk:W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Without this--with work which you despise, which bores you and which the world does not need--this life is hell.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • To His Newborn Great-Grandson, address on his ninetieth birthday (1958)
  • In my own country for nearly a century I have been nothing but a nigger.^ "In my own country for nearly a century I have been nothing but a nigger ."
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ To His Newborn Great-Grandson, address on his ninetieth birthday (1958) In my own country for nearly a century I have been nothing but a nigger.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "In my own country for nearly a century I have been nothing but a nigger."
    • Talk:W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Radio broadcast, Beijing, 1959 [1]
  • Believe in life!^ Radio broadcast, Beijing, 1959 [1] Believe in life!
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Always human beings will progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.^ Always human beings will progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Always human beings will live and progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotations 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.memorablequotations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Always human beings will live and progress to greater, broader and fuller life.
    • Happy Birthday, W.E.B. Du Bois, Civil Rights Pioneer and Social Historian 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.findingdulcinea.com [Source type: General]
    • W.E.B. Du Bois Papers, 1803-1999 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC asteria.fivecolleges.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W.E.B. Du Bois and the Struggle Against Racism in the World 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Last message to the world (written 1957).^ Last message to the world (written 1957).
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Read at his funeral (1963)
  • The most ordinary Negro is a distinct gentleman, but it takes extraordinary training and opportunity to make the average white man anything but a hog.^ Typical of these editorial comments in The Crisis was one stating that "the most ordinary Negro is a distinct gentleman, but it takes extraordinary training and opportunity to make the average white man anything but a hog."
    • W.E.B. Du Bois - 65.11 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Read at his funeral (1963) The most ordinary Negro is a distinct gentleman, but it takes extraordinary training and opportunity to make the average white man anything but a hog.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of opportunity closed roughly in his face."
    • VOA Special English 2007-02-03 - Biography - W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963: He Fought for Civil Rights for Black People 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.manythings.org [Source type: Original source]
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963: He Fought for Civil Rights for Black People 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963: He Fought for Civil Rights for Black People_����Ӣ����ѧ�� 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wwenglish.com [Source type: Original source]
    • WEB DuBois 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.wc.pdx.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • The Atlantic Monthly, interview with Ralph McGill (pub.^ The Atlantic Monthly, interview with Ralph McGill (pub.
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Links Atlantic Monthly , 1965 ( http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/black/mcgillbh.htm ) An interview conducted by Ralph McGill shortly before Du Bois's death.
      • http://college.cengage.com/english/lauter/heath/4e/students/author_pages/modern/dubois_we.html 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC college.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The Atlantic Monthly in 1965, is based on one of the last interviews Du Bois gave.

      .November 1965)
  • The Soviet Union does not allow any church of any kind to interfere with education, and religion is not taught in public schools.^ November 1965) The Soviet Union does not allow any church of any kind to interfere with education, and religion is not taught in public schools.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ XVI: My Character: "I think the greatest gift of the Soviet Union to modern civilization was the dethronement of the clergy and the refusal to let religion be taught in the public schools."
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I think the greatest gift of the Soviet Union to modern civilization was the dethronement of the clergy and the refusal to let religion be taught in the public schools.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It seems to me that this is the greatest gift of the Russian Revolution to the modern world.^ It seems to me that this is the greatest gift of the Russian Revolution to the modern world.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The suppression of religion behind the Iron Curtain was the "Russian Revolution's greatest gift to the modern world."
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, Father of Bad Multiculturalism 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.academia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ XVI: My Character: "I think the greatest gift of the Soviet Union to modern civilization was the dethronement of the clergy and the refusal to let religion be taught in the public schools."
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Most educated modern men no longer believe in religious dogma.^ Most educated modern men no longer believe in religious dogma.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We filled little minds with fairy tales of religious dogma which we ourselves never believed.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I believe that next to the founding of Negro colleges the most valuable addition to Negro education since the war, has been industrial training for black boys.
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, "The Talented Tenth" 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • The Talented Tenth by W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC teachingamericanhistory.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If questioned they will usually resort to double-talk before admitting the fact.^ If questioned they will usually resort to double-talk before admitting the fact.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But who today actually believes that this world is ruled and directed by a benevolent person of great power who, on humble appeal, will change the course of events at our request?^ But who today actually believes that this world is ruled and directed by a benevolent person of great power who, on humble appeal, will change the course of events at our request?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Three great decisions faced Stalin in power and he met them magnificently: first, the problem of the peasants, then the West European attack, and last the Second World War.
    • On Stalin 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It must have been galling for a man (Du Bois) who believed himself the great advocate of the race to see his supremacy so dangerously challenged.
    • Du Bois and Garvey Meet: No Blood Is Shed! : OUPblog 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC blog.oup.com [Source type: General]

    .Who believes in miracles?^ Who believes in miracles?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Du Bois praised the Soviet Union for disassociating religion and public life, declaiming "who believes in miracles?"
    • Review of: Edward Blum, W.E.B. DuBois: American Prophet 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC jsr.fsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Many folk follow religious ceremonies and services and allow their children to learn fairy tales and so-called religious truth, which in time the children come to recognize as conventional lies told by their parents and teachers for the children's good.^ Many folk follow religious ceremonies and services and allow their children to learn fairy tales and so-called religious truth, which in time the children come to recognize as conventional lies told by their parents and teachers for the children's good.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This video comes at a particularly good time for me.
    • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Become a Contributor on AC Most Comments Today The Obscene Phone Call and the Dishwasher Sometimes the right call comes just at the right time.
    • Exploring W. E. B. Du Bois' Concept of Double Consciousness - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]
    • Exploring W. E. B. Du Bois' Concept of Double Consciousness - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

    .One can hardly exaggerate the moral disaster of the custom.^ One can hardly exaggerate the moral disaster of the custom.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We have to thank the Soviet Union for the courage to stop it.^ We have to thank the Soviet Union for the courage to stop it.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Soviet Union for having the "courage" to stop the teaching of religious "fairy tales and so-called religious truths."
    • Review of: Edward Blum, W.E.B. DuBois: American Prophet 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC jsr.fsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is our great debt to the Soviet Union that it alone of nations dared stop that lying to children which so long disgraced our schools.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • The Autobiography of W.E. Burghardt Du Bois (International publishers, 1968), ch.^ BIBLIOGRAPHIES: Annotated Bibliography of the Published Writings of W. E. B. Du Bois.
      • Honorees - W.E.B. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.libs.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois quotes Poems quote More » .
      • How can I find famous quotes and poems of W. E. B Du Bois's writings online? - The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois - Questions & Answers 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Book Preview from Google Books » Login to add to favorites W. E. B. Du Bois a bibliography of his published writings by Partington, Paul G. Call Number: Loading Located: Loading Loading...

      .IV: The Soviet Union
    • Also in the Autobiography, ch.^ IV: The Soviet Union Also in the Autobiography, ch.
      • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      XVI: My Character: "I think the greatest gift of the Soviet Union to modern civilization was the dethronement of the clergy and the refusal to let religion be taught in the public schools."

The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

.
Herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, — all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked — who is good?
^ Herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, — all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked — who is good?
  • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ XI: Of the Passing of the First-Born Herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, — all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked — who is good?
  • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, -- all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked, -- who is good?

not that men are ignorant, — what is Truth? .Nay, but that men know so little of men.^ Nay, but that men know so little of men.

^ I know little of music and can say nothing in technical phrase, but I know something of men, and knowing them, I know that these songs are the articulate message of the slave to the world.

^ Little did I know that within the churches I attended, I absorbed an individualistic faith that privileged men and white supremacy.
  • RD10Q: W.E.B. Du Bois, American Prophet | RDBook | ReligionDispatches 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.religiondispatches.org [Source type: General]

  • After the Egyptian and Indian, the Greek and Roman, the Teuton and Mongolian, the Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world, — a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. .It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.^ It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one'self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.
    • [Marxism-Thaxis] The Educational Philosophy of W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC lists.econ.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So she looked on the world about her with new eyes.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I see it from Dubois' perspective of D.C. as being one consciousness, that of seeing yourself through the eyes of the other.
    • W.E.B Du Bois and Double-Consciousness 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC oldweb.uwp.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .One ever feels his twoness, — an American, a Negro; two warring souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.^ One ever feels his twoness-an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.” .
    • W. E. B. Du Bois quotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "One ever feels his twoness -- an American, a Negro: two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideas in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963: He Fought for Civil Rights for Black People 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.voanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W.E.B. Du Bois, 1868-1963: He Fought for Civil Rights for Black People_����Ӣ����ѧ�� 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wwenglish.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One ever feels his twoness an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.
    • Geometry.Net - Authors: Du Bois W E B 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: Academic]

    .The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife, — this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self.^ The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife, — this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife, – this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self.

    ^ The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife, -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self.

    • Ch. .I: Of Our Spiritual Strivings
  • To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.^ To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois Quotations 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.memorablequotations.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois. - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/4) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.” .
    • W. E. B. Du Bois quotes 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Negro Problem, and the spiritual striving of the freedmen's sons is the travail of souls whose burden is almost beyond the measure of their strength, but who bear it in the name of an historic race, in the name of this the land of their fathers' fathers, and in the name of human opportunity.

    • Ch. .I: Of Our Spiritual Strivings
  • And yet this very singleness of vision and thorough oneness with his age is a mark of the successful man.^ And yet this very singleness of vision and thorough oneness with his age is a mark of the successful man.

    ^ And yet this very singleness of vision and thorough one- ness with his age is a mark of the successful man.
    • The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois. - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/4) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Yet he fought the good fight; he was despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief and we hid as it were our faces from him, he was despised and we esteemed him not.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It is as though Nature needs must make men narrow in order to give them force.^ It is as though Nature needs must make men narrow in order to give them force.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is as though Nature must needs make men narrow in order to give them force.
    • W E B Du Bois on Washington 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.virginiawestern.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois. - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/4) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Communism - the effort to give all men what they need and to ask of each the best they can contribute - this is the only way of human life.

  • The function of the university is not simply to teach bread-winning, or to furnish teachers for the public schools or to be a centre of polite society; it is, above all, to be the organ of that fine adjustment between real life and the growing knowledge of life, an adjustment which forms the secret of civilization.
    • Ch. .V: Of the Wings of Atalanta
  • The worker must work for the glory of his handiwork, not simply for pay; the thinker must think for truth, not for fame.^ The worker must work for the glory of his handiwork, not simply for pay; the thinker must think for truth, not for fame.

    ^ The worker must work for the glory of his handiwork, not simply for pay; the thinker must think for truth, not for fame."

    ^ Teach thinkers to think, -- a needed knowledge in a day of loose and careless logic; and they whose lot is gravest must have the carefulest training to think aright.

    • Ch. .V: Of the Wings of Atalanta
  • I sit with Shakespeare and he winces not.^ "I sit with Shakespeare , and he winces not.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Biography, Works, and Message Board 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: General]
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I sit with Shakespeare and he winces not.

    .Across the color-line I move arm in arm with Balzac and Dumas, where smiling men and welcoming women glide in gilded halls.^ Across the color line I move arm in arm with Balzac and Dumas, where smiling men and welcoming women glide in gilded halls.

    ^ Across the color-line I move arm in arm with Balzac and Dumas , where smiling men and welcoming women glide in gilded halls.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Across the color line I move arm and arm with Balzac and Dumas , where smiling men and welcoming women glide in gilded halls.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Biography, Works, and Message Board 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: General]
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .From out the caves of the evening that swing between the strong-limbed earth and the tracery of the stars, I summon Aristotle and Aurelius and what soul I will, and they come all graciously with no scorn nor condescension.^ It'll all come out right.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ From out the caves of evening that swing between the strong-limbed earth and the tracery of the stars, I summon Aristotle and Aurelius and what soul I will, and they come all graciously with no scorn nor condescension.

    ^ From out of the caves of evening that swing between the strong-limbed Earth and the tracery of stars, I summon Aristotle and Aurelius and what soul I will, and they come all graciously with no scorn nor condescension.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Biography, Works, and Message Board 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: General]
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .So, wed with Truth, I dwell above the Veil.^ So, wed with Truth, I dwell above the Veil.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So, wed with Truth, I dwell above the veil."
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Biography, Works, and Message Board 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: General]
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So, wed with truth, I dwell above the Veil.
    • The Souls Of Black Folk By W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Is this the life you grudge us, O knightly America?^ Is this the life you grudge us, O knightly America?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls Of Black Folk By W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will find it the fashion in the America where eventually you will live and work to judge that life's work by the amount of money it brings you.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You get reflections of this not just in North America, but you get reflections of this in Egypt, you get reflections of it in Japan, you get reflections of it all over the world, of the European interpretation of Africa and Africa's history, life and culture.
    • EAP - Interview with Dr. David G. Du Bois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.endarkenment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Is this the life you long to change into the dull red hideousness of Georgia?^ Is this the life you long to change into the dull red hideousness of Georgia?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I know that is easy to do when you are really interested in something,but the fact is that if someone could learn to dicipline themselves in other areas it would be life changing.
    • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You guys, Eban changed my life...
    • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Are you so afraid lest peering from this high Pisgah, between Philistine and Amalekite, we sight the Promised Land?^ Are you so afraid lest peering from this high Pisgah, between Philistine and Amalekite, we sight the Promised Land?

    ^ Are you so afraid lest peering from this high Pisgah , between Philistine and Amalekite , we sight the Promised Land?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Ch. .VI: Of the Training of Black Men
  • It is, then, the strife of all honorable men and women of the twentieth century to see that in the future competition of the races the survival of the fittest shall mean the triumph of the good, the beautiful, and the true; that we may be able to preserve for future civilization all that is really fine and noble and strong, and not continue to put a premium on greed and imprudence and cruelty.^ It is, then, the strife of all honorable men of the twentieth century to see that in the future competition of races the survival of the fittest shall mean the triumph of the good, the beautiful, and the true; that we may be able to preserve for future civilization all that is really fine and noble and strong, and not continue to put a premium on greed and impudence and cruelty.

    ^ "All you say may be true.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I can see this program at an all-black college.
    • New York's first W.E.B. Dubois Honor Society starts at Corcoran High School - Metro Voices on syracuse.com 18 September 2009 10:010 UTC blog.syracuse.com [Source type: General]

    • Ch. .IX: Of the Sons of Master and Man
  • Daily the Negro is coming more and more to look upon law and justice, not as protecting safeguards, but as sources of humiliation and oppression.^ Daily the Negro is coming more and more to look upon law and justice, not as protecting safeguards, but as sources of humiliation and oppression.

    ^ His master helped him to get a start, but when the black man died last fall the master's sons immediately laid claim to the estate.

    ^ I have sought to paint an average picture of real relations between the sons of master and man in the South.

    .The laws are made by men who have little interest in him; they are executed by men who have absolutely no motive for treating the black people with courtesy and consideration; and, finally, the accused law-breaker is tried, not by his peers, but too often by men who would rather punish ten innocent Negroes than let one guilty one escape.^ The Russians interested him, but they were not Negro.
    • W.E.B. Du Bois - 65.11 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The racism of the South appalled him: “No one but a Negro going ...
    • Oxford AASC: Du Bois, W(illiam) E(dward) B(urghardt) At a Glance 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.oxfordaasc.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Who would do it if Negroes did not?

    • Ch. .IX: Of the Sons of Master and Man
  • The Negro cannot stand the present reactionary tendencies and unreasoning drawing of the color line indefinitely without discouragement and retrogression.^ The Arabs were too nearly akin to Negroes to draw an absolute color line.
    • The Negro, by W.E.B. Du Bois: IV. The Niger and Islam 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Negro cannot stand the present reactionary ten-dencies and unreasoning drawing of the color-line indefinitely without discouragement and retrogression.

    ^ His master helped him to get a start, but when the black man died last fall the master's sons immediately laid claim to the estate.

    .And the condition of the Negro is ever the cause for further discrimination.^ And the condition of the Negro is ever the excuse for further discrimination.

    ^ And the condition of the Negro is ever the cause for further discrimination.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is not enough for the Negroes to declare that color-prejudice is the sole cause of their social condition, nor for the white South to reply that their social condition is the main cause of prejudice.

    • Ch. .IX: Of the Sons of Master and Man
  • Why was his hair tinted with gold?^ Why was his hair tinted with gold?

    ^ His master helped him to get a start, but when the black man died last fall the master's sons immediately laid claim to the estate.

    ^ I have sought to paint an average picture of real relations between the sons of master and man in the South.

    .An evil omen was golden hair in my life.^ An evil omen was golden hair in my life.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Why had not the brown of his eyes crushed out and killed the blue?^ Why had not the brown of his eyes crushed out and killed the blue?
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Dissecting the ‘Double-Consciousness’: Expanding Upon the Theories of W.E.B. Du Bois and The Souls of Black Folk | illvox 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC illvox.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Her brown hair was almost golden; her dark eyes shone blue; her skin was clear and healthy, and her white dress--happy coincidence!--had been laundered that very morning.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How beautiful he was, with his olive-tinted flesh and dark gold ringlets, his eyes of mingled blue and brown… the blood of Africa had moulded into his features… Why was his hair tinted with gold?
    • Dissecting the ‘Double-Consciousness’: Expanding Upon the Theories of W.E.B. Du Bois and The Souls of Black Folk | illvox 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC illvox.org [Source type: Original source]

    — for brown were his father’s eyes, and his father’s father’s. .And thus in the Land of the Color-line I saw, as it fell across my baby, the shadow of the Veil.^ I saw the shadow of the veil as it passed over my baby, I saw the cold city towering above the blood read land."
    • The Souls Of Black Folk By W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And thus in the Land of the Color-line I saw, as it fell across my baby, the shadow of the Veil.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Across the color line I move arm and arm with Balzac and Dumas , where smiling men and welcoming women glide in gilded halls.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Biography, Works, and Message Board 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: General]
    • W. E. B. DuBois - Slider 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC enc.slider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Ch. .XI: Of the Passing of the First-Born
  • Within the Veil was he born, said I; and there within shall he live, — a Negro and a Negro's son.^ Within the Veil was he born, said I; and there within shall he live, -- a Negro and a Negro's son.

    ^ He is a Negro living like his baby within the veil but he is also above the veil, able to see it pass over his child.
    • The Souls Of Black Folk By W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Du Bois then talks about the conditions of individuals living behind the veil from his first born son who, "Within the veil was he born, said I; and there within shall he live, -a Negro and a Negro's son....
    • The Souls Of Black Folk By W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Holding in that little head — ah, bitterly!^ Holding in that little head -- ah, bitterly!

    ^ Holding in that little head — ah, bitterly!
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    — the unbowed pride of a hunted race, clinging with that tiny dimpled hand — ah, wearily! — to a hope not hopeless but unhopeful, and seeing with those bright wondering eyes that peer into my soul a land whose freedom is to us a mockery and whose liberty is a lie.
    • Ch. .XI: Of the Passing of the First-Born
  • Herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, — all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked — who is good?^ And herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor, -- all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked, -- who is good?

    ^ "I don't count all white men my equals, I admit," he returned with dignity, "but I know the difference between a white man and a nigger."
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The greatest thinkers of every age have inveighed against concentration of wealth in the hands of the few and against the poverty, and disease and ignorance in the masses of men.
    • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Heather Gray: Another Look at W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.counterpunch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    not that men are ignorant, — what is Truth? .Nay, but that men know so little of men.^ Nay, but that men know so little of men.

    ^ I know little of music and can say nothing in technical phrase, but I know something of men, and knowing them, I know that these songs are the articulate message of the slave to the world.

    ^ Little did I know that within the churches I attended, I absorbed an individualistic faith that privileged men and white supremacy.
    • RD10Q: W.E.B. Du Bois, American Prophet | RDBook | ReligionDispatches 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.religiondispatches.org [Source type: General]

    • Ch. .XII: Of Alexander Crummell
  • It was a bright September afternoon, and the streets of New York were brilliant with moving men....^ It was a bright September afternoon, and the streets of New York were brilliant with moving men.

    ^ In 1910, Du Bois moved to New York City, to take office as the director of publicity of NAACP and to edit its monthly journal, The Crisis .
    • Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.routledge-ny.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alexander, in addition to his grocery, now became steward on the passenger boat which ran between New Haven and New York.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    .He was pushed toward the ticket-office with the others, and felt in his pocket for the new five-dollar bill he had hoarded....^ He was pushed toward the ticket-office with the others, and felt in his pocket for the new five-dollar bill he had hoarded....
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He was pushed toward the ticket-office with the others, and felt in his pocket for the new five-dollar bill he had hoarded.

    ^ He looked toward the Smith School and thought of the five thousand dollars waiting; but he hesitated.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .When at last he realized that he had paid five dollars to enter he knew not what, he stood stock-still amazed....^ When at last he realized that he had paid five dollars to enter he knew not what, he stood stockstill amazed.

    ^ When at last he realized that he had paid five dollars to enter he knew not what, he stood stock-still amazed....
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Yes," she said at last, slowly and solemnly, and another brief moment they stood still.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    John... sat in a half-maze minding the scene about him; the delicate beauty of the hall, the faint perfume, the moving myriad of men, the rich clothing and low hum of talking seemed all a part of a world so different from his, so strangely more beautiful than anything he had known, that he sat in dreamland, and started when, after a hush, rose high and clear the music of Lohengrin's swan. .The infinite beauty of the wail lingered and swept through every muscle of his frame, and put it all a-tune.^ I have scattered my self all over every where but, this has made me put my thinking cap on and I...
    • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He closed his eyes and grasped the elbows of the chair, touching unwittingly the lady's arm.^ He closed his eyes and grasped the elbows of the chair, touching unwittingly the lady's arm.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And the lady drew away.^ And the lady drew away.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .A deep longing swelled in all his heart to rise with that clear music out of the dirt and dust of that low life that held him prisoned and befouled.^ A deep longing swelled in all his heart to rise with that clear music out of the dirt and dust of that low life that held him prisoned and befouled.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ O water, voice of my heart, crying in the sand, All night long crying with a mournful cry, As I lie and listen, and cannot understand The voice of my heart in my side or the voice of the sea, O water, crying for rest, is it I, is it I? All night long the water is crying to me.

    ^ This is a very clear organized video.It take all the great principle of other great writer and focus them into a clear organize way to get the most time out of your life and business.
    • WakeUpProductiveBlog: How To Manage Yourself And Your Time (And How To Dramatically Increase Your Personal Productivity) 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.wakeupproductiveblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If he could only live up in the free air where birds sang and setting suns had no touch of blood!^ If he could only live up in the free air where birds sang and setting suns had no touch of blood!
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Souls of Black Folk 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC etext.lib.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There could be no education that was not at once for use in earning a living and for use in living a life.
    • [Marxism-Thaxis] The Educational Philosophy of W.E.B. DuBois 20 September 2009 9:10 UTC lists.econ.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ John could only be free as he dies, pitying the ignorance and inferiority of his murderers.

    .Who had called him to be the slave and butt of all?...^ Who had called him to be the slave and butt of all?

    ^ Who had called him to be the slave and butt of all?...
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Du Bois was investigated by the FBI , who claimed in May of 1942 that "[h]is writing indicates him to be a socialist ," and that he "has been called a Communist and at the same time criticized by the Communist Party."
    • W.E.B. du Bois - dKosopedia 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • W.E.B. DuBois at AllExperts 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If he but had some master-work, some life-service, hard, aye, bitter hard, but without the cringing and sickening servility....^ If he but had some master-work, some life-service, hard, aye, bitter hard, but without the cringing and sickening servility....
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If he but had some master-work, some life-service, hard, -- aye, bitter hard, but without the cringing and sickening servility, without the cruel hurt that hardened his heart and soul.

    ^ So his young mind worked and winced and shaped curiously a vision of Life; and in the midst of that vision ever stood one dark figure alone, -- ever with the hard, thick countenance of that bitter father, and a form that fell in vast and shapeless folds.

    .When at last a soft sorrow crept across the violins, there came to him the vision of a far-off home — the great eyes of his sister, and the dark drawn face of his mother....^ When at last a soft sorrow crept across the violins, there came to him the vision of a far-off home — the great eyes of his sister, and the dark drawn face of his mother....
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When at last a soft sorrow crept across the violins, there came to him the vision of a far-off home, the great eyes of his sister, and the dark drawn face of his mother.

    ^ In this world he gets by far the larger part of his life training, and through the eyes of this dark world he peers into the veiled world beyond.

    .It left John sitting so silent and rapt that he did not for some time notice the usher tapping him lightly on the shoulder and saying politely, 'will you step this way please sir?'...^ It left John sitting so silent and rapt that he did not for some time notice the usher tapping him lightly on the shoulder and saying politely, 'will you step this way please sir?'...
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You saw what he did to me, and I'm warning you in time."
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Have you heard him say anything out of the way?"

    .The manager was sorry, very very sorry — but he explained that some mistake had been made in selling the gentleman a seat already disposed of; he would refund the money, of course...^ The manager was sorry, very very sorry — but he explained that some mistake had been made in selling the gentleman a seat already disposed of; he would refund the money, of course...
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The manager was sorry, very, very sorry, -- but he explained that some mistake had been made in selling the gentleman a seat already disposed of; he would refund the money, of course, -- and indeed felt the matter keenly, and so forth, and -- before he had finished John was gone, walking hurriedly across the square and down the broad streets, and as he passed the park he buttoned his coat and said, "John Jones, you're a natural-born fool."

    ^ After _that_ he would marry some one else, of course; some good and pure woman who would help and uplift and serve him.
    • The Quest of the Silver Fleece A Novel / Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    before he had finished .John was gone, walking hurriedly across the square...^ John was gone, walking hurriedly across the square...
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    and as he passed the park he buttoned his coat and said, .'John Jones you're a natural-born fool.'^ 'John Jones you're a natural-born fool.'
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The manager was sorry, very, very sorry, -- but he explained that some mistake had been made in selling the gentleman a seat already disposed of; he would refund the money, of course, -- and indeed felt the matter keenly, and so forth, and -- before he had finished John was gone, walking hurriedly across the square and down the broad streets, and as he passed the park he buttoned his coat and said, "John Jones, you're a natural-born fool."

    .Then he went to his lodgings and wrote a letter, and tore it up; he wrote another, and threw it in the fire....^ Then he went to his lodgings and wrote a letter, and tore it up; he wrote another, and threw it in the fire....
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then he went to his lodgings and wrote a letter, and tore it up; he wrote another, and threw it in the fire.

    • Ch. XIII: Of the Coming of John

The Negro (1915)

.
  • Present-day students are often puzzled at the apparent contradictions of Southern slavery.^ Present-day students are often puzzled at the apparent contradictions of Southern slavery.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In recollections about their student days in Germany, American reformers often evoked images of epiphany, conversion, and liberation.
    • Axel R. Schäfer | W. E. B. Du Bois, German Social Thought, and the Racial Divide in American Progressivism, 1892–1909 | The Journal of American History, 88.3 | The History Cooperative 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .One hears, on the one hand, of the staid and gentle patriarchy, the wide and sleepy plantations with lord and retainers, ease and happiness; on the other hand one hears of barbarous cruelty and unbridled power and wide oppression of men.^ One hears, on the one hand, of the staid and gentle patriarchy, the wide and sleepy plantations with lord and retainers, ease and happiness; on the other hand one hears of barbarous cruelty and unbridled power and wide oppression of men.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On the other hand, there is a story that a Berber king overthrew one of the cities of the Sudan and all the black women committed suicide, being too proud to allow themselves to fall into the hands of white men.
    • The Negro, by W.E.B. Du Bois: IV. The Niger and Islam 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The double-aimed struggle of the black artisan -- on the one hand to escape white contempt for a nation of mere hewers of wood and drawers of water, and on the other hand .

    Which is the true picture? .The answer is simple: both are true.^ The answer is simple: both are true.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .They are not opposite sides of the same shield; they are different shields.^ They are not opposite sides of the same shield; they are different shields.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Although their platforms were very different, they focused on the same struggle.

    • Ch. .XI: The Negro in the United States
  • The theory of democratic government is not that the will of the people is always right, but rather that normal human beings of average intelligence will, if given a chance, learn the right and best course by bitter experience.^ XI: The Negro in the United States The theory of democratic government is not that the will of the people is always right, but rather that normal human beings of average intelligence will, if given a chance, learn the right and best course by bitter experience.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Jump to: navigation , search The theory of democratic government is not that the will of the people is always right, but rather that normal human beings of average intelligence will, if given a chance, learn the right and best course by bitter experience.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What were to be the limits of democratic control in the United State?
    • International Socialist Review 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Ch. .XI: The Negro in the United States
  • Unfortunately there was one thing that the white South feared more than Negro dishonesty, ignorance, and incompetency, and that was Negro honesty, knowledge, and efficiency.^ XI: The Negro in the United States Unfortunately there was one thing that the white South feared more than Negro dishonesty, ignorance, and incompetency, and that was Negro honesty, knowledge, and efficiency.
    • W. E. B. Du Bois - Wikiquote 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There was time for one more question.
    • W.E.B. Du Bois - 65.11 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Either the United States will destroy ignorance, or ignorance will destroy the United States.
    • DuBois, W. E. B. 11 January 2010 17:49 UTC www.bolender.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Ch. XI: The Negro in the United States

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