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Wadi Ara or Nahal Iron (Arabic: وادي عارة‎, Hebrew: נחל עירון, ואדי עארה‎), refers to an area within Israel that is mostly populated by Arabs. It is located northwest of the Green Line and is mostly within Israel's Haifa District. Originally captured by Arab League forces (Iraqi) in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, it was ceded to Israel in an apparent exchange for territory south of Hebron in the 1949 Israel-Jordan armistice. In March 1949 as the Iraqi forces withdrew from Palestine and handed over their positions to the smaller Jordanian legion, 3 Israeli brigades moved into positions in Operation Shin-Tav-Shin. Following the operation, Israel renegotiated the cease fire line in the Wadi Ara area of the Northern West Bank in a agreement reached on 23 March 1949 and incorporated into the General Armistice Agreement. It has been estimated that 15 villages were ceded to Israel.[1]

The area has come under political attention as some Israeli politicians such as Avigdor Lieberman of the Yisrael Beiteinu party have brought up transferring the area to the sovereignty and administration of the Palestinian Authority for a future Palestinian State. In return the Palestinian Authority is to transfer specific large Israeli settlement "blocs" within the West Bank east of the Green Line to the Israel. According to politicians who support this land-swap, Israel would ensure and secure itself as a primarily Jewish state. However many politicians within the Knesset disagree and believe it would only decrease Israel's Arab population by a mere 10%, while most Israeli Arabs object to trading Israeli citizenship for Palestinian citizenship.[2]

Contents

Localities in Wadi Ara

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Arab

Jewish

References

  1. ^ The Politics of Partition; King Abdullah, The Zionists, and Palestine 1921-1951 Avi Shlaim Oxford University Press Revised Edition 2004 ISBN 019829459-x pp. 299, 312
  2. ^ Israeli Arabs and the vote Uri Dromi

See also

Coordinates: 32°29′38.67″N 35°3′16.13″E / 32.494075°N 35.0544806°E / 32.494075; 35.0544806


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