Wales national rugby union team: Wikis

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Wales
Wru logo.png
Union Welsh Rugby Union
Emblem(s) the Prince of Wales's feathers
Ground(s) Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
Coach(es) New Zealand Warren Gatland
Captain(s) Ryan Jones
Most caps Gareth Thomas (100)
Top scorer Neil Jenkins (1049)
Most tries Shane Williams (50)
Team kit
Change kit
First international
 England 30 – 0 Wales 
(19 February 1881)
Largest win
 Japan 0 – 98 Wales 
(26 November 2004)
Worst defeat
 South Africa 96 – 13 Wales 
(27 June 1998)
World Cup
Appearances 6/6 (First in 1987)
Best result Third 1987

The Wales national rugby union team represent Wales in international rugby union tournaments. They compete annually in the Six Nations Championship with England, France, Ireland, Italy and Scotland. Wales have won the Six Nations and its predecessors 24 times outright, second only to England with 25 wins. Wales most recent championship win came in 2008. They also compete in the Rugby World Cup every four years. The International Rugby Board (IRB) regards Wales as a Tier One rugby nation, and ranks them eighth in the world as of 1 February 2010.[1]

The governing body, the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU), was established in 1881, the same year that Wales played their first international against England. Wales' performances in the Home Nations Championship (now the Six Nations) continued to improve, experiencing their first 'golden age' between 1900 and 1911. They first played New Zealand, known as the All Blacks, in 1905, when they defeated them 3–0 in a famous match at Cardiff Arms Park. Welsh rugby struggled between the first and second World Wars, but experienced a second 'golden age' between 1969 and 1980 when they won eight Five Nations Championships (including 3 shared wins). They played in the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987 where they achieved their best ever result of third. Following the professionalisation of rugby in 1995, Wales hosted the 1999 World Cup and, in 2005, won their first Six Nations Grand Slam which was followed by a second in 2008. Their 2005 Grand Slam is notable for being the first ever team to gain the accolade playing most matches away from home. Only Ireland repeated this in 2009.

Wales play in red jerseys embroidered with the Prince of Wales's feathers. Their current home ground is the Millennium Stadium, completed in 1999 to replace the National Stadium at Cardiff Arms Park. Ten former Welsh players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame, and two of the ten have been inducted into the IRB Hall of Fame.

Contents

History

Rugby union took root in Wales in 1850, when Reverend Rowland Williams became Vice-Principal at St David's College, Lampeter, where he introduced the sport. The first Welsh club, Neath was formed in 1871. On 19 February 1881, Wales played their first international, organised by Newport's Richard Mullock, in a game against England; England won by seven goals, one drop goal and six tries to nil.

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Early years (1850–1919)

Wales' 1905 team that defeated New Zealand.

On 12 March 1881, the Welsh Rugby Union was formed at The Castle Hotel, Neath.[2] Two years later, the Home Nation Championship was first played and Wales did not register a win.[3]

However, rugby union in Wales quickly developed and, by the 1890s, the Welsh had developed the four three-quarters formation. This formation—with seven backs and eight forwards, instead of six backs and nine forwards—revolutionised the sport and was eventually adopted almost universally at international and club level. With the "four three-quarter" formation Wales became Home International Champions for the first time in 1893; in the process winning the Triple Crown.[4] Wales next won the Championship in 1900, heralding the first 'golden age' of Welsh rugby which was to last until 1911.[5] They won two more Triple Crowns in 1902 and 1905, and were runners up in 1901, 1903 and 1904.[3]

A line-out in the Wales victory over New Zealand's Original All Blacks in 1905.

In late 1905, Wales played their first Test against opposition from outside the Home Nations when they faced New Zealand's All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park. New Zealand, later known as the Original All Blacks, were undefeated on their tour of the British Isles, already defeating England, Ireland and Scotland in three Tests before facing Wales.[6] Before the match, the All Blacks' performed the haka (a Maori posture dance); the 47,000-strong crowd responded with the Welsh national anthem—Hen Wlad fy Nhadau ("Land of Our Fathers")—the first time a national anthem had been sung before a sporting fixture.[6] Wales' winger Teddy Morgan scored first to give Wales a 3–0 lead, but later in the match All Black Bob Deans claimed to have scored a try, only to be dragged behind the line before the referee could arrive. The referee ruled a scrum to Wales and the score did not change; Wales winning 3–0.[7] The loss was the All Blacks' only loss on their 35-match tour.

In 1906, Wales again won the Home Championship,[3], later that year playing the South African national side, the Springboks for the first time. Wales were expected to defeat the South Africans but instead South Africa dominated in the forwards and eventually won 11–0.[8][9] Two years later, on 12 December 1908, Wales played her first match against Australia's national side, the Wallabies, defeating them 9–6.[10]

In 1909, Wales won the Home Championship and then, in 1910, the first-ever Five Nations (which now included France as the fifth nation). In 1911, Wales took the first official Grand Slam by winning all their matches in the Five Nations; it would be nearly forty years before they took it again.[3] England's defeat of Wales at Cardiff in 1913 was Wales' first home loss to one of the Home Nations since 1899 (and the first loss at home to England since 1895).[11] The Great War came in 1914 and rugby was suspended for the duration.

Post-war years (1920–1968)

Ireland versus Wales. (1920s illustration)

The post-First World War years marked a decline in Welsh rugby. The worst period was during the 1920s when the team's lacklustre performance seemed to mirror the industrial recession, which hit South Wales particularly hard. Of the 42 matches played, only 17 were won and three drawn.[12] The depression resulted in around half-a-million people leaving Wales to find work elsewhere,[13], including many Welsh rugby union internationals who moved to rugby league.[14] Between 1923 and 1928, Wales managed only seven victories — five of them against France. However, even France managed to defeat Wales that decade; achieving their first victory over Wales in 1928.[15] Welsh selection policy reflected the upheavals of the mid-1920s. In 1924, 35 different players were selected for Wales' four matches, with a different captain for each; and only Edward Watkins in the backs and Charlie Pugh in the forwards, playing in all four matches.[12]

Starting An Attack: painting of the England versus Wales rugby match at Twickenham in 1931.

A resurgence of both economy and rugby union followed in the 1930s and, in 1931, Wales won their first championship for nine years. That year, for the first time since the First World War, Wales retained the same side for two consecutive Tests when they faced England and Scotland.[16] Then, in 1933, captained by Watcyn Thomas, Wales defeated England at Twickenham for the first time.[17] In 1935, Wales beat the touring All Blacks by 13–12, with Haydn Tanner making his first appearance. Although the Five Nations Championship was suspended during the Second World War,[18] Wales did play a Red Cross charity match against England at Cardiff in 1940, which Wales lost 18–9[19]

Following the Second World War, Wales played a New Zealand Army team (the Kiwis) in 1946, which Wales lost 11–3.[20] The Five Nations (suspended during the war) resumed in 1947 when Wales shared the title with England. Although Wales suffered their first home defeat to France in 1948,[21] they won their first Five Nations Grand Slam since 1911 in 1950. The next year, they lost to the touring South Africans 6–3 despite dominating in the line-outs.[22] They achieved another Grand Slam in 1952, followed by a 13–8 win over the All Blacks in 1953. In 1954, St Helens in Swansea (a Welsh international venue since 1882) hosted its last international and Cardiff Arms Park officially became the home of the Welsh team.[23] In 1956, Wales again won the Five Nations, but they would not regain the title until 1964 and would not win it outright until 1965.

Wales conducted their first overseas tour in 1964, playing several games and one Test in South Africa.[24] They lost the Test against South Africa in Durban 24–3, their biggest defeat in 40 years.[25] At the WRU annual general meeting that year, the outgoing WRU President D. Ewart Davies declared that "it was evident from the experience of the South African Tour that a much more positive attitude to the game was required in Wales... Players must be prepared to learn, and indeed re-learn, to the absolute point of mastery, the basic principles of Rugby Union football."[24] This started the coaching revolution. The WRU Coaching Committee—set up in the late 1950s—was given the task of improving the quality of coaching and, in January 1967, Ray Williams was appointed Coaching Organiser.[26] The first national coach, David Nash, was appointed in 1967 to coach Wales for the season, but resigned when the WRU refused to allow him to accompany Wales on their 1968 tour of Argentina.[27] Eventually, the WRU reversed their decision, appointing Clive Rowlands to tour as coach. Of the six matches, Wales won three, drew two and lost one.[28]

Second 'golden age' (1969–1980)

During this era, the Welsh team, especially that of 1969-79, were and still are considered to be one of the greatest rugby teams of all time. With world-class players such as Gareth Edwards, J.P.R. Williams, Gerald Davies, Barry John, and Mervyn Davies, Wales would, over the next decade, dominate Northern Hemisphere rugby, and attain an incredible winning record, losing only five times in the Five Nations Championship. When Wales defeated England in the 1969 Five Nations to win the Triple Crown and the championship, it ushered in the second 'golden age'. Wales toured New Zealand for the first time that year, but were defeated in both Tests. As well as losing the first Test 19–0, and the second 33–12,[29] they also conceded 24 points to the All Blacks' fullback Fergie McCormick in the second Test; a record at the time.[30]

In 1970, Wales shared the Five Nations with France, and recorded a 6–6 draw against South Africa in Cardiff.[31] In 1971, Wales recorded their first Five Nations Grand Slam since 1952. Using only 16 players in four games, the 1971 side is considered one of the greatest in Welsh rugby history.[32][33] Their most notable victory of the tournament was their victory over Scotland.[34] After a last minute try by Gerald Davies to reduce Scotland's lead to 18–17, flanker John Taylor kicked a conversion from the sideline described as "the greatest conversion since St Paul" to give Wales a 19–18 win.[33] Wales contributed more players than any other team to the British and Irish Lions that toured New Zealand that year. Those Lions became the first and only to win a series over the All Blacks.[35]

In the 1972 Five Nations Championship, Wales and Scotland refused to travel to Dublin at the height of the Troubles after receiving threats, purportedly from the IRA.[36] The Championship remained unresolved with Wales and Ireland unbeaten. Although the Five Nations was a five way tie in 1973, the Welsh did defeat Australia 24–0 in Cardiff.[37]

Wales next won the Five Nations outright in 1975, after sharing it with the four other countries in 1973. In 1976, Wales won their second Grand slam of the decade. Just like the first in 1971, they only used 16 players over their four matches. They repeated the feat in 1978 and, in the process, became the first team to win three consecutive Triple Crowns. Following their final Five Nations match of 1978, both Phil Bennett and Gareth Edwards retired from rugby.[33] Later that year, Wales played the All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park, losing 13–12 after a late penalty goal by the replacement All Black fullback, Brian McKechnie.[38] The penalty was controversial because All Black lock Andy Haden had dived out of a line-out in an attempt to earn a penalty. Haden admitted in November 1989—on the eve of that year's Wales match against New Zealand at Cardiff Arms Park—that he and Frank Oliver had pre-agreed this foul tactic should the All Blacks find themselves in difficulties. Although the incident looks obvious from the videotape (and referee Roger Quittenton was roasted by the press for failing to notice it), at the time the only journalist to comment was Clem Thomas. Visibility was not ideal but Quittenton later claimed (with mixed success) that he had actually given the penalty against Welsh lock Geoff Wheel for jumping off the shoulder of Frank Oliver. Whom one believes tends to reflect whom one supports though Welsh fans claim a moral victory that day. Haden later admitted that he was both surprised and delighted that his ploy worked.[39] The All Blacks went on to secure their first Home Nations Grand Slam.[40]

Wales won the 1979 Five Nations with a Triple Crown and, in 1980, celebrated the WRU's centenary year by facing the All Blacks in Cardiff.[41] Wales lost the match by 23–3 after the All Blacks scored four tries to nil.[42]

Barren Years (1981–2003)

Wales won two matches in each Five Nations championship between 1980 and 1986,[3] and in 1983 were nearly upset by Japan; winning 29–24 at Cardiff.[43] In 1984, Australia defeated Wales 28–9 at Cardiff Arms Park. This was the most points scored against Wales at Cardiff by a team from outside the Five Nations, and the first time they conceded a push-over try there; Australia went on to win their first Grand Slam.[44]

Despite just one win that year's Five Nations, Wales were still respected by the time of the first official Rugby World Cup in 1987. After defeating England in the quarter-finals, Wales faced hosts the All Blacks. Although the All Blacks won 49–6, Wales managed to beat Australia in the third place play-off game to claim third.[45] The next year Wales won the Triple Crown for the first time since 1979, but heavy defeats on tour to New Zealand later that year saw the end of a number of Welsh players' careers, as many converted to rugby league.[41]

In 1990, Wales suffered their first Five Nations championship whitewash and, in 1991 narrowly avoided the same fate by earning one point for a draw with Ireland at Cardiff Arms Park. In the 1991 World Cup, Wales lost their first group phase game against Manu Samoa. They subsequently beat Argentina's Pumas but lost heavily to eventual champions Australia and were thus knocked out before reaching the quarter-finals.[46] After winning two Five Nations games in 1992, and one in 1993, Wales won the Championship in 1994.[3][47] After again not qualifying for the World Cup quarter-finals in 1995,[48] Kevin Bowring became Wales' first professional coach when he replaced Alex Evans that year.

Wales' performances improved with the appointment of coach Graham Henry in 1998, and the return of several internationals from rugby league. Henry coached Wales to a record run of ten consecutive victories,[49] including Wales' first ever victory over the then-world champions, South Africa, by 29–19 in the opening match of the Millennium Stadium, and was nicknamed "the great redeemer" by the Welsh media.[50] Hosting the 1999 World Cup, Wales qualified for the quarter-finals for the first time since 1987, but lost 9–24 to eventual champions Australia.[51] Defeats to Argentina and Ireland in 2001 and 2002 led to Henry's resignation in February 2002; his assistant Steve Hansen took over.[49] Further defeats led to perhaps Wales' biggest ever shake-up in 2003. At the 2003 World Cup, Wales scored four tries in their 53–37 loss to New Zealand and also lost (28–17) to the eventual tournament winners, England, in their quarter-final.[52]

Michael Owen takes a line-out

Revival (2004–present)

Coached by Mike Ruddock, Wales won their first Six Nations Grand Slam in 2005. They opened with an 11–9 win over England at the Millennium Stadium, thanks to a late long range penalty from Gavin Henson. After a 38-8 win over Italy, Wales faced France, and were losing 15–6 at half-time. Wales fought back in the second half to win 24–18, and the game was arguably one of the most exciting of that year's tournament. Wales beat Scotland away (46–22) and then, in front of a capacity crowd at the Millennium Stadium, played their final game against Ireland. Wales' 32–20 victory gave them their first championship title since 1994 and their first Grand Slam since 1978.[53] The 41–3 loss to the All Blacks at the Millennium Stadium later that year was their biggest loss on Welsh soil.[54] This was followed by a single-point win over Fiji, then a loss to South Africa, and lastly a win over Australia.[55]

On 14 February 2006, midway through the Six Nations, Mike Ruddock resigned as the head coach of Wales, for family reasons.[56] Scott Johnson took over as caretaker coach for the remaining games, and Wales eventually finished fifth in the 2006 Championship before Gareth Jenkins was appointed as head coach on 27 April.[57] On 10 May 2007, Wales and Australia decided to celebrate 100 years of Test rugby between the two countries with the establishment of the James Bevan Trophy.[58] It is named after the Australian-born Welsh-raised man who was Welsh team's first captain; Australia won the series 2–0.

At the 2007 World Cup, Wales failed to reach the quarter-finals after being knocked out in the pool stages. This time, Fiji defeated Wales in their final pool match after they had already lost to Australia.[59] Subsequently, Gareth Jenkins lost his job.[60] On 8 October that year, the WRU and South African Rugby Union established the Prince William Trophy to commemorate 100 years of rugby between Wales and South Africa.

Warren Gatland, a New Zealander and former All Black, was appointed as Wales' new head coach on 9 November 2007. He had previously been the head coach of Waikato, leading them to success in the 2006 Air New Zealand Cup. Gatland took up the position on 1 December.[61] His first match as coach was Wales' first match in the 2008 Six Nations Championship, against England at Twickenham on 2 February 2008. England, finalists in the 2007 Rugby World Cup, were favourites and led by 13 points at half-time, before Wales fought back to record a 26–19 win, their first at Twickenham since 1988. Wales' next two matches were at home to Scotland and Italy, which Wales won 30–15 and 47–8 respectively. Wales went on to clinch the Triple Crown beating Ireland 12–16 in Dublin and in the final game of the championship,

Wales sealed their second Six Nations Grand Slam in four championships by beating France 29–12 at the Millennium Stadium. Wales conceded only two tries in the entire tournament, halving the previous record of four tries conceded by England in both 2002 and 2003.[62].

In the Autumn Internationals of that year, they were defeated by both New Zealand and South Africa, but claimed wins over Canada, and perhaps more importantly, Australia. Wales' 21 - 18 victory made them the only Northern Hemisphere nation to defeat a Tri-Nations country in 2008, and sent them up to fifth in the world rankings and later fourth. Wales however failed to retain their Six Nations Championship in 2009 after losing 17-15 to Ireland on the last day. This defeat in fact left them 4th on points difference behind England and France who also won 3 games. The other defeat for Wales came in the first Friday Six Nations match against France whilst Wales defeated England, Scotland and Italy.

Strip

Wales in their alternative strip.

Wales play in red jerseys (embroidered with the Prince of Wales's feathers), white shorts, and green socks. Their change strip (also known as alternative strip)[63] is golden yellow. The strip is currently made by Under Armour.[64] The shirt sponsor is Cardiff brewery SA Brain.[65] Due to a ban on advertising alcohol, when the team plays in France, the "Brains" logo has been replaced by "Brawn" (in 2005), "Brawn Again" (in 2007)[66] and "Try Essai" (in 2009)[67] in a type style essentially identical to the Brains logo. For the Rugby World Cup, however, the jersey is only allowed the national union's emblem, the Rugby World Cup logo, and the logo of the jersey's manufacturer on it.

The Prince of Wales' feathers were chosen in the 19th century by the WRU over another Welsh symbol, the leek to demonstrate the principality's loyalty to Britain.[68] In 1991, to enable the device to be patented, the original generic motif was replaced with a more stylised version. The original motto beneath the feathers was Ich dien (German for "I serve") but was replaced with WRU in the new version.[69]

Wales wore black jerseys as part of celebrations for the WRU's 125th anniversary in 2005. The jersey was worn against Fiji and then Australia that year; the Australia match was the first time Wales had not played in their red jersey against one of their traditional rivals.[70]

Support

Rugby union and Wales' national team hold an important place in Welsh culture and society. Sport historian John Bale has stated that "rugby is characteristically Welsh", and David Andrew said that "To the popular consciousness, rugby is as Welsh as coal mining, male voice choirs, 'How Green Was My Valley,' Dylan Thomas, and Tom Jones".[71] Welsh rugby's first 'golden age' (1910–1911) coincided with the country's zenith during the 20th century,[72] and rugby was important in building Wales' modern identity.[73]

The 2004-2005 season saw record attendances for Welsh home internationals.[74] For Wales' 2005 Six Nations match against Scotland in Edinburgh, 40,000 Welsh fans travelled to see the game.[75] The home attendance record was bettered the next year when over 500,000 fans attended Wales' seven home matches.[76] The Millennium Stadium regularly sells out all of its 74,500 seats.

Grounds

Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, where Wales play their home games

Wales' first home international was played at St Helen's ground, Swansea in 1882.[77] In the 1880s and 1890s, home Welsh internationals were played at Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Llanelli.[78] Swansea continued to be used as an international venue until 1954, when Cardiff Arms Park became Wales' primary home venue.[79][80] Cardiff Arms Park first had a stand erected in 1881, and continued to expand its seating that decade.[81] Crowds continued to grow and in 1902 in Wales' match against Scotland a world record 40,000 spectators paid to see the match.[82] In 1911, the owners of the Arms Park, the Marquess of Bute's family,[83] confirmed Wales' tenure and the 1920s and 1930s, Wales gradually gained increasing control.[84] A new stand was built at the park in the 1933-34 season, which increased the grounds capacity to 56,000.[85]

The National Stadium

By 1958, the WRU had concluded that a new national ground was needed due to flooding that often plagued Arms Park.[86] After debate and disputes between the WRU and various other parties, including Cardiff RFC, in the 1960s, it was decided that a new national stadium would be built with a new ground for the Cardiff club backing onto it.[87] The National Stadium, as it was known, was officially opened in 1970.[88]

Currently, Wales play all their home matches at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, which is also Wales' national stadium. The Millennium Stadium has a capacity of 74,500,[89] and is the largest stadium in Wales, as well as the fourth-most capacious in the entire United Kingdom, behind Wembley, Twickenham and Old Trafford. The Millennium Stadium was first conceived in 1994, when a group redevelopment committee was set up. It was decided to replace the National Stadium at Cardiff Arms Park after a review found it was out of date; new legislation also required stadia to be all seated.[90] Construction began in September 1997, and was completed by June 1999, in time for the Rugby World Cup. The construction cost the WRU £126 million, which was funded by private investment, £46 million of public funds from the National Lottery, the sale of debentures to supporters (which offered guaranteed tickets in exchange for an interest-free loan), and loans.[91] While the new ground was being built, Wales used the old Wembley Stadium for their home matches, a deal reciprocated during construction of the new Wembley, when FA Cup finals were held at the Millennium Stadium.

Record

Six Nations

Wales compete annually in the Six Nations Championship, which is played against five other European nations: England, France, Ireland, Italy, and Scotland. The Six Nations started as the Home Nations Championship in 1883, as a contest between the four component nations of the United Kingdom. Wales first won it in 1893, when they achieved a Triple Crown.[4] Wales have won the tournament outright 24 times, and shared eleven other victories. Their longest wait between championships was 11 years (1994–2005). Wales first won a Five Nations Grand Slam in 1911,[3] and their first Six Nations Grand Slam in 2005. Their latest Grand Slam was won against France on 15 March 2008.

 
England

France

Ireland

Italy

Scotland

Wales
Tournaments 107 77 107 9 107 107
Outright Wins (Shared Wins)
Home Nations 5 (4) - 4 (3) - 9 (2) 7 (3)
Five Nations 17 (6) 12 (8) 6 (5) - 5 (6) 15 (8)
Six Nations 3 4 1 0 0 2
Overall 25 (10) 16 (8) 11 (8) 0 (0) 14 (8) 23 (11)
Grand Slams 12 8 2 0 3 10
Triple Crowns 23 N/A 10 N/A 10 19

World Cup

Wales have contested every Rugby World Cup since the inaugural tournament in 1987. The 1987 tournament was Wales' most successful; they won all three pool matches and their quarter-final, before losing to the All Blacks in the semi-finals. They then faced Australia in the third place play-off match, which they won 22–21.[45] In the next two tournaments in 1991 and 1995, Wales failed to progress beyond the pool stage, winning just one match in each tournament.[92] Both the 1999 and 2003 tournaments were more successful, with Wales qualifying for the quarter-finals both times. Wales hosted the event in 1999 and topped their pool only to lose to eventual winners Australia in the quarter-finals.[51] In 2003, they finished second in their pool to the All Blacks and faced England in the quarter-finals, where they lost to the eventual champions, despite scoring more tries than their opponents.[52] In the 2007 World Cup, Wales again failed to progress from the pool stage. After a loss to Australia, and two wins against Japan and Canada, they lost by four points to Fiji, despite scoring more tries than their opponents.[59]

Overall

Wales have won 315 of their 607 Test matches, a win percentage of 51.9 (see table). When the IRB World Rankings were introduced in October 2003, Wales were ranked eighth. They rose to seventh in June 2004, before falling back to eighth in November that year. Following a Grand Slam win of the 2005 Six Nations Championship, they rose to a ranking position of fifth. They fell to ninth by June 2006, and, after rising back to eighth by September, fell to tenth after the 2007 World Cup.[1] A second Grand Slam in 2008 Six Nations Championship promoted them to sixth in the IRB World Rankings, following three successive losses to South Africa in the June tour and the first of the 2008 Autumn Internationals Wales slipped to seventh. Victories over Canada and Australia, coupled with losses for England against the tri-nations teams resulted in Wales gaining fifth position in the rankings, followed by a further climb to fourth position after a four-try win over Scotland at Murrayfield in their first match of the 2009 Six Nations Championship.

Their Test record against all nations:[93]

Against Played Won Lost Drawn Win %
 Argentina 13 7 5 1 53.85
 Australia 28 10 17 1 35.71
 Barbarians 7 2 5 0 28.57
 Canada 11 10 1 0 90.91
 East Africa 1 1 0 0 100
 England 118 53 53 12 44.92
 Fiji 7 6 1 0 85.71
 France 85 43 39 3 50.59
 Ireland 112 61 45 6 54.46
 Italy 14 11 2 1 78.57
 Japan 10 10 0 0 100
 Namibia 3 3 0 0 100
 New Zealand 25 3 22 0 13.64
 New Zealand Māori 1 1 0 0 100
 Pacific Islanders 1 1 0 0 100
 Portugal 1 1 0 0 100
 Romania 9 7 2 0 77.78
 Samoa 7 4 3 0 57.14
 Scotland 114 63 48 3 55.26
 South Africa 23 1 21 1 4.35
 Spain 1 1 0 0 100
 Tonga 7 7 0 0 100
 United States 7 7 0 0 100
 Zimbabwe 3 3 0 0 100
Total 607 315 264 28 51.89

Players

Current squad

Warren Gatland named a 35-man squad for the 2010 Six Nations Championship. Scrum-halves Mike Phillips and Dwayne Peel were both left out due to injury. [94] Ken Owens was called up to the squad to cover injury concerns at hooker. [95] After Phillips and Peel recovered from injury they were recalled to the squad for the France match. [96][97] Gareth Delve was called up to the squad ahead of the Ireland game, to cover for Ryan Jones. [98]

Head Coach: Warren Gatland

Pos. Player DoB/Age Caps Club
HK Huw Bennett 11 June 1983 (1983-06-11) (age 26) 27 Wales Ospreys
HK Ken Owens 3 January 1987 (1987-01-03) (age 23) 0 Wales Scarlets
HK Matthew Rees 9 December 1980 (1980-12-09) (age 29) 34 Wales Scarlets
HK Gareth Williams 19 December 1979 (1979-12-19) (age 30) 7 Wales Cardiff Blues
PR Rhys Gill 30 October 1986 (1986-10-30) (age 23) 0 England Saracens
PR Paul James 13 May 1982 (1982-05-13) (age 27) 5 Wales Ospreys
PR Gethin Jenkins (vc) 17 November 1980 (1980-11-17) (age 29) 72 Wales Cardiff Blues
PR Adam Jones 8 March 1981 (1981-03-08) (age 29) 56 Wales Ospreys
PR Eifion Lewis-Roberts 13 February 1981 (1981-02-13) (age 29) 1 England Sale Sharks
LK Luke Charteris 9 March 1983 (1983-03-09) (age 27) 18 Wales Newport Gwent Dragons
LK Bradley Davies 9 January 1987 (1987-01-09) (age 23) 5 Wales Cardiff Blues
LK Ian Gough 10 November 1976 (1976-11-10) (age 33) 61 Wales Ospreys
LK Alun Wyn Jones 19 September 1985 (1985-09-19) (age 24) 35 Wales Ospreys
LK Deiniol Jones 18 November 1977 (1977-11-18) (age 32) 7 Wales Cardiff Blues
FL Dan Lydiate 18 December 1987 (1987-12-18) (age 22) 2 Wales Newport Gwent Dragons
FL Andy Powell 23 August 1981 (1981-08-23) (age 28) 12 Wales Cardiff Blues
FL Jonathan Thomas 27 December 1982 (1982-12-27) (age 27) 50 Wales Ospreys
FL Sam Warburton 5 October 1988 (1988-10-05) (age 21) 3 Wales Cardiff Blues
FL Martyn Williams 1 September 1975 (1975-09-01) (age 34) 91 Wales Cardiff Blues
N8 Gareth Delve 30 December 1982 (1982-12-30) (age 27) 9 England Gloucester
N8 Ryan Jones (c) 13 March 1981 (1981-03-13) (age 29) 36 Wales Ospreys
SH Gareth Cooper 7 May 1979 (1979-05-07) (age 30) 44 Wales Cardiff Blues
SH Dwayne Peel 31 August 1981 (1981-08-31) (age 28) 72 England Sale Sharks
SH Mike Phillips 29 August 1982 (1982-08-29) (age 27) 38 Wales Ospreys
SH Richie Rees 21 May 1983 (1983-05-21) (age 26) 0 Wales Cardiff Blues
SH Martin Roberts 6 June 1986 (1986-06-06) (age 23) 3 Wales Scarlets
FH Dan Biggar 16 October 1989 (1989-10-16) (age 20) 4 Wales Ospreys
FH Stephen Jones 8 December 1977 (1977-12-08) (age 32) 83 Wales Scarlets
CE Andrew Bishop 7 August 1985 (1985-08-07) (age 24) 8 Wales Ospreys
CE Jonathan Davies 5 April 1988 (1988-04-05) (age 21) 5 Wales Scarlets
CE James Hook 27 June 1985 (1985-06-27) (age 24) 37 Wales Ospreys
CE Jamie Roberts 8 November 1986 (1986-11-08) (age 23) 16 Wales Cardiff Blues
CE Tom Shanklin 24 November 1979 (1979-11-24) (age 30) 65 Wales Cardiff Blues
WG Leigh Halfpenny 22 December 1988 (1988-12-22) (age 21) 10 Wales Cardiff Blues
WG Tom James 17 April 1987 (1987-04-17) (age 22) 8 Wales Cardiff Blues
WG Kristian Phillips 2 September 1990 (1990-09-02) (age 19) 0 Wales Ospreys
WG Shane Williams 26 February 1977 (1977-02-26) (age 33) 68 Wales Ospreys
FB Lee Byrne 1 June 1980 (1980-06-01) (age 29) 27 Wales Ospreys
FB Tom Prydie 23 February 1992 (1992-02-23) (age 18) 0 Wales Ospreys

Notable players

See also Wales rugby union captains, Category:Wales international rugby union players and List of Wales national rugby union players

Ten former Welsh internationals have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Two of these have also been inducted into the IRB Hall of Fame.

Known as the Prince of three-quarters, Gwyn Nicholls played 24 Tests for Wales at centre between 1896 and 1906.[99] He was the only Welsh player in the British Isles team of 1899, and was the star for Wales during their first golden era. Not only did he captain Wales to three Triple Crowns, but also led them to their famous victory over the All Blacks in 1905.[100] On 26 December 1949, gates bearing his name at Cardiff Arms Park were officially opened.[101]

Named the greatest Welsh player of the 1950s by the WRU, Cliff Morgan played 29 Tests for Wales,[102] and four for the British Lions between 1951 and 1958.[103] Morgan played at fly-half and was one of the sport's biggest crowd-pullers during his career.[104] He played during Wales Five Nations Grand Slam of 1952, and Wales' victory over the All Blacks in 1953, but he is most famous for captaining the British Lions in South Africa in 1955.[105] One of Morgan's great friends was Carwyn James.[106] Although most notable for his coaching record, James appeared for Wales in two Tests in 1958. He coached the British Lions to their first and only series victory over New Zealand in 1971, with a team including many Welsh players.[107] He also coached Welsh club Llanelli, and the Barbarians side that defeated the All Blacks in 1973. Despite this, he never coached Wales.[108] Morgan, inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame in 1997,[104] was further honoured with induction into the IRB Hall of Fame in 2009.[109]

When Wales faced Australia on 3 December 1966, two future Rugby Hall of Fame members made their Test debuts; Gerald Davies and Barry John. Davies played 46 Tests for Wales between 1966 and 1978. Although he started out playing in the centre, he was moved to the wing during Wales' 1969 tour of New Zealand and Australia,[110] and eventually scored 20 Test tries for Wales. Davies also played for the Lions during their 1968 tour of South Africa and 1971 tour of New Zealand.[111] Although Barry John first played for Wales in 1966, he did not secure his spot in the team until 1968.[112] Playing at fly-half, John helped Wales to a Five Nations Grand Slam in 1971, and then the Lions to their one and only series win over the All Blacks that same year. He picked up the nickname The King in New Zealand, and in 1972 quit the sport due to the pressure his fame was causing.[113]

Widely regarded as the greatest rugby union player of all time, Gareth Edwards played 53 Tests for Wales at scrum-half between 1967 and 1978.[114][115] Edwards was never dropped from the team and played all 53 of his Tests consecutively. He also played in three Lions tours; including the series victories in New Zealand in 1971, and the unbeaten tour of South Africa in 1974.[116] Edwards won five Triple Crowns with Wales and three Five Nations Grand Slams. He also scored a try for the Barbarians against the All Blacks in 1973, remembered as that try and considered the greatest ever try.[115] In 2003, Edwards was voted the greatest player of all time by Rugby World magazine.[117][118] In 2007, Edwards earned an additional honour with his induction into the IRB Hall of Fame.[119]

In 1969, three Hall of Fame members debuted for Wales; Phil Bennett, Mervyn Davies, and JPR Williams. Bennett played 29 Tests for Wales. He started out playing at fullback, but after Barry John retired, he was moved to fly-half. As well as representing Wales, he played eight Tests for the Lions and captained them on their 1977 tour of New Zealand.[120] Mervyn Davies was known as Merve the Swerve and played 38 consecutive Tests for Wales between 1969 and 1976, losing only eight of them.[121] After captaining Wales in his last nine appearances, Davies was forced to retire due to a brain haemorrhage.[122] JPR Williams played 55 Tests for Wales between 1969 and 1981. Whilst doing so, he won six Triple Crowns, three Five Nations Grand Slams, and captained Wales for five Tests in 1979.[123] Playing at full-back, he also toured with the Lions in 1971 and 1974, before retiring temporarily in 1980. He made a brief comeback, however, in 1981, when he played his final match, against Scotland.[124]

Ieuan Evans played for Wales between 1987 and 1998, and in the process earned 72 Welsh caps whilst Wales was transcending the amateur and professional eras. Playing mainly on the wing, Evans scored 33 tries for Wales, a record until surpassed by Gareth Thomas in 2004.[125] As well as that, he was awarded seven Lions caps from the 1989, 1993 and 1997 tours.[126][127]

In November 2008, Shane Williams and Ryan Jones became the first Welsh players to be nominated in a group of five players for the IRB International Player of the Year award, first awarded in 2001. Shane Williams was duly selected as the 2008 International Player of the Year.[128]

Individual records

Welsh forward Colin Charvis who has scored more Test tries than any other forward in rugby union history.

Neil Jenkins was the first rugby player to surpass 1000 Test points. He holds the record for the most points scored for Wales with 1049, the world record for most successful international penalty kicks with 248, and the Welsh record for most points in a single Test match with 30[129][130]. The record for drop-goals for Wales is held by Jonathan Davies with 13. Wales' record try scorer is Shane Williams, who has scored 50 Test tries for Wales.[131] The try record was, until 2008, held by Gareth Thomas,[132] who is the nation's most capped player with 100 Test caps[125][133]. Colin Charvis holds the world record for tries by a forward with 22. Martyn Williams is Wales' most-capped forward having played in 95 Tests. The record for the most consecutive appearances is held by Gareth Edwards who played all 53 of his Tests for Wales consecutively between 1967 and 1978.[129]

The youngest player ever capped for Wales was Norman Biggs, who made his debut in 1888 at age 18 years, 49 days against the New Zealand Natives.[134]

Welsh Sports Hall Of Fame

The following Welsh players have been inducted into the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame :

50 Cap Club

The WRU awards a commemorative cap to players that attain 50 caps. This includes the following players: as at 14 March 2010

Players still active at international level are in bold.

# Name Career Caps
1 Gareth Thomas 1995–2007 100
2 Martyn Williams 1996–2010 95
3 Colin Charvis 1996–2007 94
4 Gareth Llewellyn 1989–2004 92
5 Neil Jenkins 1991–2002 87
= Stephen Jones 1998–2010 87
7 Gethin Jenkins 2002–2010 73
= Dwayne Peel 2001–2010 73
9 Ieuan Evans 1987–1998 72
= Shane Williams 2000–2010 72
11 Tom Shanklin 2001–2009 65
12 Ian Gough 1997–2010 62
13 Adam Jones 2003–2010 60
14 Robert Howley 1996–2002 59
15 Garin Jenkins 1991–2002 58
16 Duncan Jones 2001–2009 57
17 J.P.R. Williams 1969–1981 55
18 Robert Jones 1986–1995 54
= Jonathan Thomas 2003–2010 54
20 Gareth Edwards 1967–1978 53
= Scott Gibbs 1991–2001 53
22 Scott Quinnell 1993–2002 52
= Mark Taylor 1998–2006 52
24 Dai Young 1987–2001 51

Top Try Scorers

The following players are the top 11 try scorers as at 14 March 2010

Players still active at international level are in bold.

# Name Tries
1 Shane Williams 50
2 Gareth Thomas 40
3 Ieuan Evans 33
4 Colin Charvis 22
5 Gerald Davies 20
= Gareth Edwards 20
= Tom Shanklin 20
8 Rhys Williams 18
9 Reggie Gibbs 17
= Ken Jones 17
= Johnnie Williams 17

Coaches

Following the unsuccessful tour to South Africa in 1964, the WRU set up a working party on coaching. The party recommended that Welsh clubs accept the principle of coaching. David Nash was appointed as the national team's first coach in 1967, but for the 1968 tour of Argentina, the WRU initially planned not to have a coach tour with the team. Following pressure from the Welsh clubs at the WRU's annual general meeting, the decision was reversed and Clive Rowlands was appointed as coach for the tour. The appointing of a coach for the team coincided with Wales' success in the Five Nations during the 1970s.[26]

List of head coaches:[135]

Name Nationality Years Tests Won Drew Lost Win %
David Nash Wales 1967 5 1 1 3 20.0
Clive Rowlands Wales 1968–1974 29 18 4 7 62.1
John Dawes Wales 1974–1979 24 18 0 6 75.0
John Lloyd Wales 1980–1982 14 6 0 8 42.9
John Bevan Wales 1982–1985 15 7 1 7 46.7
Tony Gray Wales 1985–1988 18 9 0 9 50.0
John Ryan Wales 1988–1990 9 2 0 7 22.2
Ron Waldron Wales 1990–1991 10 2 1 7 20.0
Alan Davies Wales 1991–1995 35 18 0 17 51.4
Alex Evans Australia 1995 (caretaker coach) 4 1 0 3 25.0
Kevin Bowring Wales 1995–1998 29 15 0 14 51.7
Dennis John Wales 1998 (caretaker coach) 2 1 0 1 50.0
Graham Henry New Zealand 1998–2002 34 20 1 13 58.8
Lynn Howells Wales 2001 (caretaker coach) 2 2 0 0 100.0
Steve Hansen New Zealand 2002–2004 29 10 0 19 34.5
Mike Ruddock Wales 2004–2006 20 13 0 7 65.0
Scott Johnson Australia 2006 (caretaker coach) 3 0 1 2 0.0
Gareth Jenkins[136] Wales 2006–2007 20 6 1 13 30.0
Nigel Davies Wales 2007 (caretaker coach) 1 0 0 1 0.0
Warren Gatland New Zealand 2007– 16 10 0 6 62.5
Robin McBryde Wales 2009 (caretaker coach) 2 2 0 0 100.0

See also

Bibliography

  • Andrews, David (1991). "Welsh Indigenous! and British Imperial?—Welsh Rugby, Culture, and Society 1890–1914". Journal of Sport History 18 (3): 335–349. 
  • Dine, Philip (2001). French Rugby Football - Cultural History. Berg. ISBN 1859733271. 
  • Griffiths, John (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7. 
  • Harris, John (2007). "Cool Cymru, rugby union and an imagined community". International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 27 (3/4): 151–162. doi:10.1108/01443330710741084. 
  • McLean, Terry (1969). Red Dragons of Welsh Rugby. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. REED. ISBN 0589-00395-x. 
  • Morgan, Gareth (May 2005). "Rugby and Revivalism: Sport and Religion in Edwardian Wales". The International Journal of the History of Sport 22 (3): 434–456. doi:10.1080/09523360500064057. 
  • Potter, Alex; Duthen, Georges (1961). The Rise of French Rugby. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. REED. 
  • Palenski, Ron (2003). Century in Black - 100 Years of All Black Test Rugby. Hodder Moa Beckett Publishers Limited. ISBN 1-86958-937-8. 
  • Richards, Huw (2006). A Game for Hooligans. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1-84596-016-5. 
  • Ryan, Greg (2005). The Contest for Rugby Supremacy - Accounting for the 1905 All Blacks. Canterbury University Press. ISBN 1-877257-36-2. 
  • Smith, David; Williams, Gareth (1980). Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3. 

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