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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about a town. For the album by East 17 see Walthamstow (album).

Coordinates: 51°35′46″N 0°01′03″W / 51.596°N 0.0176°W / 51.596; -0.0176

Walthamstow
Walthamstow is located in Greater London
Walthamstow

 Walthamstow shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ375865
London borough Waltham Forest
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district E17
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Walthamstow
London Assembly North East
List of places: UK • England • London

Walthamstow is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, North East London, England, located 6.4 miles (10.3 km) north east of Charing Cross. Walthamstow is bordered to the north by Chingford, south by Leyton and Leytonstone, east by the southern reaches of Epping Forest at Woodford and west by Tottenham and the River Lea valley. Leyton High Road, Hoe Street, Chingford Road, Chingford Mount (passing south-north through Walthamstow and its neighbouring towns) form part of an ancient route from London to Waltham Abbey. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[1]

Contents

History

Walthamstow is recorded circa 1075 as Wilcumestowe ("The Place of Welcome") and in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Wilcumestou.[2] King John visited Shern Hall (Shernhall Street), in 1213; the building survived until 1896. At one point Walthamstow was just a culmination of five small villages, and affairs were discussed at Vestry House, acting as the first town hall. In 1870 it had grown to the size of a small suburb and a town hall was built in Orford Road from which affairs of the village were run ( which now takes place in Forest Road - since 1941). Until the 19th century it was largely rural, with a small village centre (now Walthamstow Villagesee below) and a number of large estates. The main route through the district, was the aforementioned Hoe Street. Additionally, there were various smaller lanes, crossing the town. The road now known as Forest Road was originally named Clay Street. Further south, the High Street was named Marsh Street, and led from the original settlement out to the marshes. Shernhall Street is an ancient route, as is Wood Street, to the east.

With the advent of the railways and the ensuing suburbanisation in the late 19th century, Walthamstow experienced a large growth in population and speculative building.[3] From 1894 Walthamstow was an urban district and from 1926 a municipal borough in Essex. In 1931 the population of the borough, covering an area of 4,342 acres (17.57 km2), peaked at 132,972.[4] In 1965 the borough was abolished and its former area merged with that of the Municipal Borough of Chingford and the Municipal Borough of Leyton to form the London Borough of Waltham Forest in Greater London.[5] Other places in East London formerly of the county of Essex, such as Ilford and Romford were placed into London Boroughs along with Walthamstow. The postal codes for those districts failed to change, however.

One of its most famous residents was the writer, poet, designer and socialist William Morris, who was born there on 24 March 1834, and lived there for several years. His former house in Walthamstow is a museum dedicated to his life and works, while the grounds of the house are a public park (Lloyd Park in Forest Road).

Local engineer, Frederick Bremer, built the first motor car in London between 1892 and 1894. This car is one of the claimants to being the first British built petrol driven car and in 1912 the "Motor" Magazine, after much debate, recognised the Bremer Car as the first British built petrol driven car (now on display in the Vestry House Museum).

The Lighthouse Methodist Church which dates from 1893 which is situated on Markhouse Road, on the corner of Downsfield Road. There is a lantern at the top of the tower, which also contains a spiral staircase. The church was erected because of the generosity of Captain David King of the shipbuilding firm of Bullard King & Co which also ran the Natal Direct Shipping Line, which ran ships direct from London to Durban without stopping at the Cape.

The LGOC X-type and B-type were built at Blackhorse Lane from October 1908 onwards. The B-type is considered one of the first mass-production buses. The manufacturing operation later became AEC, famous as the manufacturer of many of London's buses.

On June 13, 1909, A. V. Roe's aircraft took to the air from Walthamstow Marshes. It was the first all British aircraft and was given the ominous nickname of the Yellow Terror but officially carried the name Avro1. Roe later founded the Avro aircraft company which later built the acclaimed Avro Lancaster.

Walthamstow saw lively involvement in the General Strike of 1926, with Winston Churchill's coach reportedly being overturned on Walthamstow High Street.[citation needed] Churchill was also given a hostile reception when he visited Walthamstow Stadium during the general election campaign of 1945.

Walthamstow Town Hall, Forest Road.
The William Morris Gallery, Lloyd Park, Forest Road.

Shops and Walthamstow Market

The High Street is dominated by Walthamstow Market, which began in 1885, and occupies all but the last 100 metres of the street. It is reputed to be a mile long, but in fact measures approximately one kilometre. The market is open five days a week (not Sunday or Monday), and there is currently a Sunday farmers' market. The street is lined with shops: a selection of high-street chains, but also many independent small shops specialising in food, fabrics, household goods etc. as well as cafés. The overall tone is downmarket and unique. There are two patches of new-ish development: at Sainsburys, and The Mall Selborne Walk covered shopping centre[6] both of which have large multi-storey car parks.

The historic central library on the High Street was modernised and expanded in 2006 - 2007, although there were claims that this was at the expense of book holdings. According to the Waltham Forest Guardian, "almost a quarter of a million books have gone missing from Waltham Forest libraries amid claims they have been burned or pulped" and the borough's library stock fell by 60% over the two previous years.[7] At the same time, a large plot at the corner of High Street and Hoe Street was set for substantial redevelopment as a retail space. This site previously contained the town's central Post Office and a shopping arcade, originally built in the 1960s. Plans for the redevelopment of this site fell through in 2005. It is now just a pedestrianised area with benches.

Districts and neighbourhoods

Warner properties

Walthamstow Central is the main town centre and includes Selborne Road and the High Street. Five of the most expensive roads in Walthamstow, in terms of property value, are located here including Cleveland Park Avenue, Cedars Avenue, Priory Avenue, First Avenue and Second Avenue. These 5 roads are affectionately known as 'The Avenues'.

Walthamstow Village conservation area is a peaceful and attractive district to the east of what has become the commercial centre of Walthamstow. The area is roughly defined as being south of Church Hill, west of Shernhall Street, north of Grove Road and east of Hoe Street. Orford Road is the main route through the district, though even this is a quiet thoroughfare by the standards of London. The village has a small selection of specialist shops, pubs and restaurants, and house prices tend to be higher in the streets of this neighbourhood. It was voted best urban village in London by 'Time Out' magazine in 2004.

Upper Walthamstow is to the east of Walthamstow Village. The area's main thoroughfare is Wood Street, which has a good selection of shops and local businesses, and is served by railway, with a station on the Liverpool Street to Chingford line.

Walthamstow has a wide variety of housing stock, but the vast majority of residential property was built in the early 20th century. From Coppermill Lane in the west (next to the marshes), to Wood Street in the east, there are scores of Edwardian and 1920s terraced streets. The area along Markhouse Road and St James Street has many examples of Warner properties. These were developed as affordable housing for the working classes in the early part of the 20th century. Bombing raids in World War II and urban redevelopment projects in the 1960s and 1970s have left areas with more modern housing, mostly in the shape of low-rise concrete blocks.

The northern continuation of Markhouse Road is Blackhorse Road, served by both underground and railway stations, which in turn becomes Blackhorse Lane. This is bound on its western side by industrial units and warehouses. The London Borough of Waltham Forest has proposed developing the area around Blackhorse Road station to become a gateway to the town.

Highams Park and Hale End, though both in the E4 postcode, are historically part of Walthamstow.

Although bounded by the marshes to the west and parts of Epping Forest to the east, there is little open space in the actual town. There were originally two commons in the town, Church Common, adjacent to St. Mary's Church in Walthamstow Village and Markhouse Common, located off Markhouse Lane (now Markhouse Road) and what is now the eastern end of Queens Road. Both open spaces were lost in the 19th century, when the land was sold to property developers.

Walthamstow in popular music

The artwork for British Band Blur's Parklife album featured photos of the band at Walthamstow Stadium.

Walthamstow was home to the popular 1990s boy band East 17, who named their debut album "Walthamstow" in its honour, the group are also named after the area's postal code E17. Walthamstow is also home to The Bevis Frond.

Home to indie rock band The Rifles.

Walthamstow is a major centre in London's grime music scene, with many bedroom studios and underground music enterprises.

The Bromheads Jacket song "Poppy Bird" references Walthamstow in the chorus.

Cinema

EMD (Granada) Walthamstow on Hoe Street closed in 2003 and remains unused.[8]

Education

Walthamstow Secondary schools include:

Notable residents

Sports clubs

Nearest areas

Transport Services

National Rail and London Underground Stations

Bus services

A full infrastructure including a Hopper service and a multi point to point network exists; serviced from and to its own main bus terminus situated at Walthamstow Central, along with a cross network passing through the center and outskirts.

References

  1. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)". Greater London Authority. http://www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/docs/londonplan08.pdf. 
  2. ^ Mills, A., Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001)
  3. ^ Walthamstow: Introduction and domestic buildings, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 6 (1973), pp. 240-50. Date accessed: 1 April 2007.
  4. ^ Vision of Britain - Walthamstow UD/MB - total population and area
  5. ^ Vision of Britain - Walthamstow LB
  6. ^ The Mall - Selborne Walk
  7. ^ WALTHAM FOREST: Were 250,000 library books burned?, Sarah Cosgrove, Waltham Forest Guardian, 22 November 2007
  8. ^ http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/1031486 Cinema closure
  9. ^ Article in the Telegraph

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to London/East article)

From Wikitravel

East London is the outer eastern part of London , north of the River Thames.

Understand

Many outer areas of East London was once part of the county of Essex. Essex is sometimes used as part of the postal address for these areas.

East London consists of the following boroughs:

  • Barking and Dagenham [1] — the borough includes:
  • Barking
  • Dagenham
  • Havering [2] — the borough includes:
  • Romford
  • Upminster
  • Newham [3] — the borough includes:
  • Stratford - Location of the London 2012 Olympic Games. (Note: this is not Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, the birthplace of Shakespeare.)
  • East Ham
  • West Ham
  • Redbridge [4] — the borough includes:
  • Ilford
  • Woodford
  • Waltham Forest [5] — the borough includes:
  • Walthamstow - This town was made famous by a teen pop band called E-17 (the postcode of the area) who came from here and had a number of hits. Soak up the multicultural atmosphere.
  • Chingford
  • Leyton

Get in

Romford

Romford is served by Romford train station located in the centre of town. It has frequent services to London Liverpool Street and serves many destinations in Essex and East Anglia.

Stratford

Jubliee Line (including from Westminster and Canary Wharf), Central Line (including from London Liverpool Street) or Docklands Light Railway (DLR) to Stratford [6]. Alternatively, by rail from London Liverpool Street, Stansted Airport, Ipswich, Colchester or Norwich [7] or London Overground from Gospel Oak

  • Walthamstow Central and Blackhorse Road tube (Victoria Line) and Walthamstow Central, Blackhorse Road, St James's Street, Wood Street and Queen's Road railway stations.
  • Many bus routes, as Walthamstow is a major hub for buses, centred on Walthamstow Central.

Ilford

Ilford is served by national rail services from London Liverpool St. Stratford is around 8 min away; Liverpool St 15 min. Gants Hill tube station is about a 20-30 min walk from Ilford town centre although it is also served by local bus routes. Bus 25 from Oxford Circus terminates at Ilford bus station.

  • The William Morris Gallery, [11].  edit
  • The Central Library, Winston Way. Interesting structure from an architectural point of view. Unfortunately it is also the locale of choice for the native rude-boys to hang out, alas this is not due to the educational value of the institution.  edit

Walthamstow

Bicycle along the River Lea or Epping Forest.</do>

Ilford

Valentines Park is a pleasant green area, Essex County Cricket team used to play on the pitch in the western side of the park.

  • Selbourne Walk, (tube: Walthamstow Central; just over the road). Walthamstow's shopping mall, with the usual selection of shopping mall type shops.  edit
  • Walthamstow High Street market. early-approximately 5:30PM. All manner of items may be purchased here, an example of the amazing bargains to be found is a carrier bag full of bananas for £1.  edit
  • The Exchange Shopping Centre. Was one of the largest American style malls when it was constructed in the early 1990s. Although now it has an extensive array of shops now it can only really be considered a bog standard shopping centre. The town centre itself has most high street chain shops.  edit

Eat

Walthamstow

There are a number of cafés and restaurants down the high street.

  • Kebabish, Hoe St. Does a nice kebab and also tasty Indian food.  edit

Drink

Walthamstow

Pubs

  • The Ferry Boat Inn, (tube: Blackhorse Rd). A quaint country style pub in a lovely river side setting.  edit
  • The Goose, (tube: Walthamstow Central, opposite).  edit

Clubs

Walthamstow does not have much of a clubbing scene, though there is:

  • The Standard Music Venue, (tube: Blackhorse Rd, opposite). Has rock bands playing most nights of the week, and has a nightclub on Friday nights.  edit
  • Ibis Hotel Stratford, 1A Romford Rd, Stratford E15 4LJ (tube: Stratford), +44 208 5363700, [12]. 104 room hotel with the usual identikit, Ibis set-up. From about £50.  edit
  • Newham Hotel, 349-353 Romford Rd, Forest Gate, E7 8AA (tube: Forest Gate), +44 20 8534 8400 (), [13]. Budget hotel in the Forest Gate area of Newham From £44.  edit
  • Viking Hotel, 162 Romford Rd, Stratford (tube: Stratford).  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WALTHAMSTOW, a suburb of London in the Walthamstow parliamentary division of Essex, England, a short distance E. of the river Lea, with several stations on a branch of the Great Eastern railway, 6 m. N. of Liverpool Street station. Pop. of urban district (1891) 46,346; (1901) 95,131. It is sheltered on the north and east by low hills formerly included in Epping Forest. The church of St Mary existed at a very early period, but the present building, chiefly of brick, was erected in 1535 by Robert Thorne, a merchant, and Sir George Monoux, lord mayor of London, and has undergone frequent alteration. Besides other old brasses it contains in the north aisle the effigies in brass of Sir George Monoux (d. 1543) and Anne his wife. There are a number of educational institutions, including a school of art; Forest School, founded in 1834 in connexion with King's College, now ranks as one of the well-known English public schools. Brewing is extensively carried on.

In the reign of Edward the Confessor Walthamstow belonged to Waltheof, son of Siward, earl of Northumberland, who married Judith, niece of William the Conqueror, who betrayed him to his death in 1075. The estate subsequently passed in 1309 to Guy de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, and on the attainder of Earl Thomas in 1396 reverted to the crown. Afterwards it came into the possession of Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset; from the Somersets it passed to Sir George Rodney, and in 1639 came to the Maynard family. It is supposed to have been the birthplace of George Gascoigne the poet (d. 1577). Sir William Batten, commissioner of the navy (d. 1667), the friend of Pepys, had his seat at Walthamstow, and was frequently visited here by Pepys.


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Simple English

Walthamstow is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, North East London, England. It is located 6.4 miles (10.3 km) north east of Charing Cross.








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