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DVD cover
Directed by Sean Fine
Andrea Nix Fine
Produced by Albie Hecht
Written by Sean Fine
Andrea Nix Fine
Music by Asche & Spencer
Cinematography Sean Fine
Editing by Jeff Consiglio
Distributed by THINKFilm
Release date(s) United States:
9 November 2007
Running time 105 minutes
Language English

War/Dance is a 2007 American documentary film written and directed by Sean Fine and Andrea Nix Fine. It was nominated for the 2008 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.[1]



The film centers on three children - Rose, a 13-year-old choir singer; Nancy, a 14-year-old dancer; and Dominic, a 14-year-old xylophone player. They are members of the Acholi ethnic group, living in the remote northern Uganda refugee camp of Patongo, which is under military protection from the Lord's Resistance Army, a terrorist group that has been rebelling against the government for the past two decades. In 2005, the camp's primary school won its regional music competition and headed to Kampala to participate in the annual National Music Competition. War/Dance focuses on three of the eight categories: Western choral performance, instrumental music, and traditional dance, where the students perform the Bwola, the dance of the Acholi. Over the course of three months, the film's creative team observes the three youngsters as they prepare for the event and gain their confidence enough to have them discuss the horrors they have experienced and express their individual fears, hopes, and dreams.


The film debuted at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival, where it won the Documentary Directing Award and was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize for Best Documentary. It was shown at the Cleveland International Film Festival, the Wisconsin Film Festival, the Cannes Film Festival, the Austin Film Festival, and the Tokyo International Film Festival, among others, before going into limited release in the United States in November 2007.

Critical reception

War/Dance received generally positive reviews from critics. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 86% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 43 reviews — with the consensus that the film "is beautifully filmed, and effectively captures the heartbreaking and uplifting experiences of its subjects."[2] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 68 out of 100, based on 20 reviews.[3]

In his review in The New York Times, Stephen Holden called the film "visually ravishing" and added, "[it] is so gorgeous that its beauty distracts from the anguish it reveals . . . Every shot . . . has the polish of a richly hued, impeccably composed illustration . . . When individual children, some in tears, tell their stories while gazing directly into the camera, the shots seem posed and their remarks possibly rehearsed. The production notes explain that the children felt more comfortable telling their stories directly to the camera than to an interviewer, but you still have an uneasy sense of being manipulated . . . Having voiced these qualms, let me say that War/Dance, in spite of its slickness, is an honorable, sometimes inspiring exploration of the primal healing power of music and dance in an African tribal culture . . . The film draws out the suspense as best it can until the inevitable African-style American Idol moment. If that finale is genuinely exhilarating, you are still uncomfortably aware that this ecstatic conclusion doesn't mean the end of the strife or the refugees' troubles. It is a blip of light on a dark canvas."[4]

Kenneth Tutan of the Los Angeles Times said, "To make a memorable documentary . . . that can't be forgotten once seen, you have to be more than gifted, you need an instinct for an unusual story and, frankly, you must have luck on your side. War/Dance . . . has all that and more . . . [it] is as irresistible as the rhythms of African music on its soundtrack."[5]

In Variety, John Anderson called the film "well-intentioned but a victim of its own high cinematic values" and added, "The young black faces are too beautiful, the landscapes too pretty, and the personal stories of slaughter too scripted . . . The formal devices of the film, and the lack of spontaneity in the children's words, do little to sell the message of the movie . . . While the pic may be targeting Westerners who want to feel less awful about genocide and global negligence, it's hard to imagine War/Dance appealing to that crowd - or any other."[6]

Rachel Howard of the San Francisco Chronicle said, "Visually, the film is anything but gritty, and some might say the cinematic beauty - and the children's controlled, likely coached interviews - glosses reality. But the tension of a brutality that can hardly be imagined let alone depicted, and the dignity of these precociously adult children as they must press on with their lives with little room for mourning or self-pity, is the point. The climactic trip to the competition offers an uplift that feels more like relief than triumph after the film's most disturbing tales."[7]

In The Village Voice, Jim Ridley said, "The movie comes across as desperately, even irritatingly contrived, but I'd be lying if I didn't say it overcame my naturally complacent instincts — which would be to watch something (anything) else, to not get haunted by that closing litany of websites for global action."[8]

Additional awards

  • Aspen Filmfest Audience Award for Best Documentary (winner)
  • Jackson Hole Film Festival Cowboy Award for Best Cinematography (winner)
  • Wisconsin Film Festival Audience Award for Best Documentary (winner)
  • Woodstock Film Festival Audience Award for Best Documentary Feature (winner)
  • Woodstock Film Festival Haskell Wexler Award for Best Cinematography (winner)
  • ZagrebDox Film Festival Veliki pečat international competition award (winner)


External links



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