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Warangal
Warangal Toranas
Warangal
Location of Warangal
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Warangal
Population 9,0,792,16 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

302 m (991 ft)

Warangal (About this sound pronunciation ) (Telugu: వరంగల్) also known as Orugallu, Ekasila Nagaram and Andhra Nagaram is a city and a municipal corporation in Warangal district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal is located 145 km northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. It is the fourth largest city in Andhra Pradesh with a population of nearly 9,0562,98 (2001 census) including Hanamakonda and Kazipet.

Contents

History

Warangal was the capital of a Hindu Shaivaite kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The old name of this newly formed city is Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved in a single rock, hence the name Orukallu meaning 'one rock' (Ekasila nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis. Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Geography

Warangal is located at 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58.[1] It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).

Climate

Warangal
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
30
16
 
 
5
 
33
18
 
 
5
 
37
22
 
 
7
 
40
26
 
 
15
 
42
28
 
 
50
 
37
28
 
 
85
 
32
25
 
 
170
 
31
25
 
 
160
 
33
23
 
 
70
 
33
22
 
 
10
 
31
18
 
 
0
 
30
15
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Weather66

Located in the semi-arid Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February. With little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range, this is the best time to visit Warangal.

Economy

Warangal's economy is predominantly agricultural. It has a large grain market in Enamamula. This is a rice-growing region and most farmers grow rice for both subsistence and the commerce. Cotton has also been a major cash crop since the early 1990s; however the cotton sector has been troubled in recent years, and there was a highly publicized spate of suicides by cotton farmers in 1997-1998.

Industry has been neglected in the region by successive governments. Some industries existing during the Nizam's rule, like Azam Jahi Cloth Mills, closed down; Warangal has several small to medium scale industries.

A STPI (Software Technology Parks of India) has been set up at National Institute of Technology, Warangal with the intention of taking the benefits of the Information Technology revolution to second tier cities. Warangal makes an excellent location for this because of its proximity to Hyderabad, the student pool from some of the best institutes in the country, good transportation facilities, infrastructure, lower traffic problems, etc.

Governance

Warangal city is the headquarters of Warangal district. Warangal district contributes a total of twelve seats (city has two; that of Warangal East and Warangal West) in the lower house of the State Legislature and two seats (Warangal and Mahabubabad) in lower house of Indian Parliament.

Politics

Warangal witnessed a bloody chapter in its history in 1969, called the Mulki (locals) agitation. In 1969, the people of Telangana raised their voice asking for a separate state. They felt discriminated in the unified state of Andhra Pradesh and wanted to reverse the unification and exist separately as was the case before 1956. Warangal was the brewing ground of the movement and lead it from the front. Students, peasants and government employees all joined forces. More than 400 students lost their lives in the struggle.

In the early 2000s the movement for a separate Telangana was again started under the leadership of K. Chandrasekhar Rao who established the political party Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS). The party allied with the Indira Congress in the state elections. The alliance won majority, and Chandrasekhar Rao became a Union Minister. In 2006, as the Congress party was against separationism, Chandrasekhar Rao resigned his ministry and his Membership of the Parliament. He contested again in the resulting by-election and won the election in the first by-election with over hundred thousand votes and a second time with over twenty thousand votes.

Transport

Warangal Railway Station

Air

There is an airstrip at Mamnoor on the south-eastern outskirts of Warangal. It was earlier used as a make shift air force base. The nearest international airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad located 160 km away from Warangal.

Rail

Warangal is well connected to many of the major cities of India by rail. It falls under the South Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Kazipet Junction Railway Station in Kazipet, about 13 km from Warangal is a major railway junction on the Hyderabad-New Delhi route. Warangal Railway Station in Warangal is station located on the New Delhi-Chennai route. Everyday nearly 132 trains pass through this section.

Road

National Highway 202 passes through Warangal and connects it with Hyderabad and Bhopalpatnam in Chhattisgarh.

There are two major bus stations in Warangal and Hanamakonda. Long-distance deluxe buses ply from Warangal to Bangalore, Madras, Hyderabad, Tirupathi, Anantapur, and Hubli, Belgaum; and standard express buses to Guntur via Vijaywada, Cherial, Jangaon, Kodad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Suryapet, Palampet, Jagtial, Narsampet, Parkal, Khammam, Bhadrachalam and Basar. From Hyderabad there are direct buses available at regular intervals to Warangal.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Warangal had a population of 1,128,570. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Warangal has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 64%. In Warangal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Culture

Telugu is the language spoken by the majority in Warangal. Both traditional attire like Saree, Lungi and Dhoti and modern dress styles are worn. The poets of this place include the ancient poets Potana and Palkuriki Somanna to present day poets like Kaloji Narayana Rao, B. Rama Raju, Pervaram Jagannatham, Kovela Sampatkumara, Kovela Suprasanna, Ampasayya Naveen, Ranganath Middela, Bollam, Varavara Rao and Anwar have contributed to Telugu literature.

Sarangapani was a famous folk singer, Nerella Venu Madhav is a mimicry artist who has received accolades countrywide. The famous music director Chakri is also from Warangal district.

Arya Samaj

Arya Samaj is the social organisation that has been touching the lives of people for the past five decades since Hyderabad was annexed in Indian Union. It has strongly opposed Khasim Rizvi's (the Nizam's commander) bloody campaign against the peasants under the leadership of Nanna Ramakrishna Arya and since then has been a spiritual centre for the common man. Able leaders like Sri M. S. Rajalingam, M. N. Rangachary (Parkal), Kaloji brothers, Bhandaaru Chandramoulishwar Rao, T. Hayagreevachary alias 'One Eyed Jackal', Bathini Mogilaiah, Ranganaikulu, Cheruku Kanthaiah fought for the freedom of Hyderabad and its merger into the Indian Union.

Festivals

Major Hindu festivals such as Bathukamma festival, Dassera, Deepavali, Sankranti are celebrated here. Bathukamma festival is very famous here and celebrated by the women worshipping the goddess for nine days with various flowers. In addition, the district hosts the Sammakka-Saralamma Jatara or congregation. Every two years (bi-annually), approximately 6 million people converge for over three days around the small village of Medaram and its adjacent stream/rivulet, Jampanna Vagu, 90 km from Warangal city. This fair is said to be the largest repeating aggregation of tribal communities in the whole world and commemorates the valiant fight put up by a mother-daughter combination (Samakka and Sarakka) with the reigning Kakatiya king over an unjust law. Also, this is biggest congregation after Kumbha Mela in India.[3] Bonalu and Bathukamma festivals, symbolic of the Telangana region are also celebrated here (Bathukamma is celebrated particularly by women) with gusto.

Every year during the month of Ramzan, there is a festival atmosphere in Muslim areas, especially in Mandi Bazaar where the main road remains closed in the evening and is only accessed by foot. Many make shift shops and food eateries crop up serving the famous haleem dish and lots of other foods, sweets and seviyan. Night shopping is very famous here when people fast the whole day and come for shopping, casual walk in the evening and shops are open almost till 1am in the night.

Fatima Feast is celebrated every year on February 12 and 13 by Catholic Christians at their Warangal Diocesian Headquarters of Cathedral Church in Fatima Nagar, Kazipet.

1000 pillar temple at Warangal
One of the Kirti toranas of Kakatiya Dynasty

City Affairs

The climate in Warangal City is tropical in nature, but there are dry spells especially during the winter season. The average weather is warm to hot throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from approximately 16C to 46C (60F to 116F). The summer season (April to July) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains. The winter season (from October to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Summer clothing is ideal throughout the year. Warangal is located 262 meters above sea-level.

Main Market: Warangal City is famous for food items such as mirchi bajji (mirapakaya bajji), mamidikaya pacchadi (pickle), gongura pickle, traditional spicy style meals and common breakfast items such as Idli, Upma, Dosa, and Puri. There are many hotels that offer a variety of food items (from several regions of India).

Market

Warangal has the biggest grain market called Enumamula. This market is the Asia's second biggest market. Mirchi (Red chilli) and cotton are the main crops here.

Education

Warangal is the 4th largest city in Andhra Pradesh and is known for important educational institutions like Kakatiya Medical College and National Institute of Technology, Warangal. Established in 1959 as the first of "Regional Engineering College"s in the country, foundation stone laid by the then frist prime minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru, the NIT grew into an important national level institute for engineering studies.Warangal NIT is one of the best Institutes in India.

  • University College of Law, Subedari, Warangal
  • Government Polytechnic College
  • Warangal Institute of Technology and Science[2]
  • CKM college
  • Arts & Science College
  • Lal Bahadur College (renowned as LB College)
  • Talla Padmavathi College Of Pharmacy,Warangal
  • Pathfinder Engineering College, Mamunooru, Warangal
  • Christhu Jyothi Institute of Technology and Sciences
  • Balaji Institute of Technology & Science (BITS)
  • S R Engineering College, Ananthasagar, Warangal
  • S R College of Pharmacy, Ananthasagar, Warangal
  • Vishwa Teja College of Pharmacy, Nirupamnagar, Warangal
  • Vaagdevi College Of Engineering, Bollikunta, Warangal
  • Vaagdevi College of pharmacy,Hanmkonda, Warangal
  • V.M.R Polytechnic College, Rampur, Warangal
  • Islamia College, Warangal
  • Mehboobia Panjetan Minority Arts College, Warangal

There are several non-governmental organizations active in primary and secondary education in Warangal District. Of these, the best known is the Rural Development Foundation and Institute for Technology and Management, Warangal (ITM Warangal)

Sports

A wider Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (JNS) located in the heart of Hanamkonda. JNS is harbour for young sportsmen, which is associated with full-pledged tranining facilities. JNS is a state of art training camp for budding Gymnast coming across the state.

Cricket is by far the most watched and played game. Other popular local sports are Badminton (locally known as 'Shuttlecock'), kho-kho,Volleyball, Kabaddi,carroms and Gilli Danda.

Member of Parliament

  • Rajaiah Siricilla 2009 - Till Date (INC)

Members of Legislative Assembly

  • K.Sridhar -- Wardhannapet
  • Basvaraj Sarayya -- Warangal East
  • D. Vinay Bhaskar -- Warangal West
  • T.Rajaiah -- Ghanpur (station)
  • Arrabelli Dayakar Rao -- Palakurthi
  • Konda Surekha -- Parkal
  • Gandra Venkata Ramana Reddy -- Bhupalpalle
  • R.Prakash Reddy --- Narsampet
  • ponnala laxmaiah (minister)-----jangaon
  • sithakka---------------mulugu
  • Sathyavathi Rathod------Dornakal

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Warangal
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  
  3. ^ Warangal

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Warangal is in Andhra Pradesh in Southern India. Historically known as Orugallu and also Ekashila Nagaram(City carved in single stone). Warangal is part of tertiary city including Kazipet and Hanamkonda. The region once came under Kakatiya dynasty.

Get in

Nearest airport is in Hyderabad, approximately 130 kms away. It falls on the New Delhi - Chennai trunk train route so many important trains like Grand Trunk express call on here. By road its connected to Hyderabad through NH202.

Possibly the best way to reach warangal is by a train since there are ample number of trains that stop at Warangal throughout the day. Situated on the major railway line connecting the north and south of india it is possible to take a train from all the major cities of the country like delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad etc.

Warangal is very well connected by bus to Hyderabad, the closest big city with a high frequency of various quality services.

Get around

Auto-rickshaws which are three wheeled motor powered vehicles, with a carrying capacity of up to three. Autos ply on the main road between warangal railway station and kazipet railway station which is about 20 km away. There is no standardised metered tarrif and one has to either share a single auto with others or negotiate a charge for single occupancy. One can drop down at Kazipet or Warangal railway stations, both are like twin cities. In between the Warangal and Kazipet there is a major railway crossing which divides the trains towards Chennai, Delhi and Hyderabad. You can take a two day trip to Warangal the places listed except Ramappa are within the 10-20 km circle. and one day you can spend for Ramappa which is about 70 km from the Warangal city. Roaming in an auto will be very cheap. The costliest hotels are Ratna and Ashoka where the room costs about 400 for SR without AC and 600-700 for Single AC.

1000 Pillar Temple
1000 Pillar Temple
  • Warangal Fort
  • Thousand Pillared temple
  • Ramappa Temple and Lake
  • Siddeshwara Temple built in 3rd century
  • Bhadrakali Temple
  • Padmakshi Temple
  • Govindarajula Gutta
  • Pakhal Lake
  • Kakatiya Musical Garden
  • Kakatiya Rock Garden
  • National Institute of Technology
  • Eturnagaram Forest Wildlife Refuge
  • Rayaparthy Shiva Temple built in 18th century
Pakhal Lake
Pakhal Lake

Do

You can take a one day tour of Warangal Fort,lakhnavaram,Thousand Pillar Temple and Bhadrakali Temple which are situated in side the city.

Eat

The main hotels have some of the best restaurants in the city and serve both south Indian as well as north Indian food.

Drink

There are also many dhabas and bars & restaurants. The food quality is the best, and have the authentic 'Dhaba' taste.

  • Hotel Landmark Residency (Near Water Tank), Warangal-Kazipet Road, Nakkalagutta, Hanumakonda, Warangal, :0870-2546111/222/333, Email: bookings@landmarkresidency.in, [1]. Landmark is a new 3 star hotel in Warangal, one of few upscale hotels around, which in addition to the three in-house restaurants, also carries two banquet halls for official meetings and parties.  edit
  • City Grand Hotel, S.V.P Road, Rangampet, Warangal, :0870-2454587.  edit
  • Hotel Suprabha, Hanumakonda, Warangal, :0870-2573888, [2].  edit
  • Punnami Hotel (AP Tourism Hotel), Kazipet, Warangal, :0870 2432312, [3].  edit
  • Ratna Hotel, Warangal.  edit
  • Ashoka Hotel, Warangal.  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WARANGAL, an ancient town of India, in the Nizam's Dominions or Hyderabad state, 86 m. N.E. of Hyderabad city. It was the capital of a Hindu kingdom in the 12th century, but little remains to denote its former grandeur except a fort and four gateways of a temple of Siva. Warangal has given its name to a district and a division of the state.


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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Capital of Kakatiya empire.


This article uses material from the "Warangal" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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