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Warsaw
City
Country United States
State Illinois
County Hancock
Coordinates 40°21′19″N 91°25′59″W / 40.35528°N 91.43306°W / 40.35528; -91.43306
Area 7.5 sq mi (19 km2)
 - land 7.5 sq mi (19 km2)
Population 1,793 (2000)
Density 271.0 /sq mi (105 /km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62379
Area code 217
Location of Warsaw within Illinois
Location of Warsaw within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Warsaw, Illinois

Warsaw is a city in Hancock County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,793 at the 2000 census. The city is notable for its historic downtown and the Warsaw Brewery, which opened in 1861, closed in 1971, and reopened as a bar and microbrewery in 2006.

Contents

History

The city of Warsaw began in 1814, when young Major Zachary Taylor founded Fort Johnson on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River across from the mouth of the Des Moines River. Fort Johnson was only occupied for a few weeks before it was burned. In 1815 another military camp, Fort Edwards, was built at a different location.[1] It became an important fur trading post and one of the earliest settlements in western Illinois.

During the 1840s Warsaw was one of the centers of opposition to the Mormons at Nauvoo. This was largely a result of the activities of Thomas C. Sharp who edited the Warsaw Signal at this time.[2] However the Latter-day Saints did try to set up a settlement at Warren, a site just south of Warsaw. In 1841 Willard Richards moved to Warsaw to oversee the settlement of Warren, but with the antagonism fanned by Sharp and other problems, the settlement was fully abandoned in 1842.[3]

John Milton Hay, an American statesman, diplomat, author, journalist, and private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, was raised in Warsaw. He served as United States Secretary of State from 1898 to 1905 under presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Illinois politician Benjamin F. Marsh represented the area and is buried in Warsaw.

The city is notable for its well-preserved downtown with a number of remaining historic businesses. The Warsaw Brewery, which opened in 1861 and ended production in 1971, reopened as a bar and restaurant in 2006.[4]

Geography

Warsaw is located at 40°21′19″N 91°25′59″W / 40.355173°N 91.432928°W / 40.355173; -91.432928.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.5 square miles (19.4 km²), of which, 6.6 square miles (17.1 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (11.62%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,793 people, 726 households, and 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 271.0 people per square mile (104.6/km²). There were 807 housing units at an average density of 122.0/sq mi (47.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.77% White, 0.11% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 726 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,000, and the median income for a family was $39,808. Males had a median income of $29,770 versus $20,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,279. About 6.4% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ www.northamericanforts.com, accessed 2/16/08
  2. ^ Leonard, Glen M., Nauvoo: A Place of Peace, A People of Promise (Salt Lake City and Provo: Deseret Book and Brigham Young University Press, 2002), p. 107
  3. ^ Leonard. Nauvoo. p. 186
  4. ^ Warsaw Brewery, accessed 2/16/08
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
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