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District of Columbia
Top left: Georgetown University; top right: U.S. Capitol; middle: Washington Monument; bottom left: African American Civil War Memorial; bottom right: National Shrine

Flag

Seal
Motto: Justitia Omnibus  (Justice for All)
Location of Washington, D.C. in the United States and in relation to the states of Maryland and Virginia.
Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.03667°W / 38.895111; -77.03667Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.03667°W / 38.895111; -77.03667
Country United States
Federal district District of Columbia
Government
 - Mayor Adrian Fenty (D)
 - D.C. Council Chairman: Vincent Gray (D)
Area
 - City 68.3 sq mi (177.0 km2)
 - Land 61.4 sq mi (159.0 km2)
 - Water 6.9 sq mi (18.0 km2)
Elevation 0–409 ft (0–125 m)
Population (2009)[1][2]
 - City 599,657
 Density 9,776.4/sq mi (3,771.4/km2)
 Metro 5.3 million
 - Demonym Washingtonian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website www.dc.gov
.Washington, D.C. (pronounced /ˈwɒʃɪŋtən ˌdiːˈsiː/, WOSH-ing-tən DEE-SEE), formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States, founded on July 16, 1790. The City of Washington was originally a separate municipality within the Territory of Columbia until an act of Congress in 1871 effectively merged the City and the Territory into a single entity called the District of Columbia.^ Puerto Rico ( overseas territory of the United States ) – San Juan .
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^ Northern Mariana Islands ( overseas territory of the United States ) – Saipan .
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^ He was put to work in a printing office and at the age of 16 began working with scrap he found, modeling it into a small ship.
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It is for this reason that the city, while legally named the District of Columbia, is known as Washington, D.C.
The city is located on the north bank of the Potomac River and is bordered by the states of Virginia to the southwest and Maryland to the other sides. The District has a resident population of 599,657; because of commuters from the surrounding suburbs, its population rises to over one million during the workweek. The Washington Metropolitan Area, of which the District is a part, has a population of 5.3 million, the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the country.
.Article One of the United States Constitution provides for a federal district, distinct from the states, to serve as the permanent national capital.^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
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^ It is one of four remaining traditional men's colleges in the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States).
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^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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.The centers of all three branches of the federal government of the United States are located in the District, as are many of the nation's monuments and museums.^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
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^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
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^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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.Washington, D.C. hosts 174 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).^ Drew also established the American Red Cross blood bank, of which he was the first director, and he organized the world's first blood bank drive, nicknamed "Blood for Britain".
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^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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The headquarters of other institutions such as trade unions, lobbying groups, and professional associations are also located in the District.
The city is governed by a mayor and a thirteen-member city council. .However, the United States Congress has supreme authority over Washington, D.C., and may overturn local laws.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ In addition, he was the first African American to be admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States).
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^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
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Residents of the District therefore have less self-governance than residents of the states. The District has a non-voting at-large Congressional delegate, but no senators. D.C. residents could not vote in presidential elections until the ratification of the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1961.

Contents

History

.An Algonquian people known as the Nacotchtank inhabited the area around the Anacostia River where Washington now lies when the first Europeans arrived in the 17th century;[3] however, Native American people had largely relocated from the area by the early 18th century.^ In 1791, Banneker was a technical assistant in the calculating and first-ever surveying of the Federal District, which is now Washington, D.C. The "Sable Astronomer" was often pointed to as proof that African Americans were not intellectually inferior to European Americans.
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^ The demands of the trail, which included dangerous snakes and wolves, treacherous rivers and mountains, and the threat of attack from Native Americans, made most cowboys transcend their prejudices.
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^ He encouraged African American leaders to open hospitals in other cities where African American people would receive first rate care.
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[4] .Georgetown was chartered by the Province of Maryland on the north bank of the Potomac River in 1751. The town would be included within the new federal territory established nearly 40 years later.^ In that same period Simone recorded "My Baby Just Cares for Me", which would become her biggest hit years later in 1987, when it featured in a Chanel no.
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^ Photograph by Herman Leonard In 1939 Parker first visited New York (then the principal center of jazz musical and business activity), staying for nearly a year.
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^ Five years later, fearing she would be sold South, she made her escape.
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[5] The City of Alexandria, Virginia, founded in 1749, was also originally included within the District.[6]
James Madison expounded the need for a federal district on January 23, 1788, in his "Federalist No. .43", arguing that the national capital needed to be distinct from the states in order to provide for its own maintenance and safety.^ Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people.
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[7] An attack on the Congress at Philadelphia by a mob of angry soldiers, known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, had emphasized the need for the government to see to its own security.[8] .Therefore, the authority to establish a federal capital was provided in Article One, Section Eight, of the United States Constitution, which permits a "District (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States".[9] The Constitution does not, however, specify a location for the new capital.^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
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^ Montserrat ( overseas territory of the United Kingdom ) – Plymouth (seat of government at Brades ) .
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^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
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.In what later became known as the Compromise of 1790, Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would assume war debt carried by the states, on the condition that the new national capital would be located in the South.^ Five years later, fearing she would be sold South, she made her escape.
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^ Thurgood Marshall followed his Howard University mentor, Charles Hamilton Houston to New York and later became Chief Counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
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[a]
The United States Capitol after the burning of Washington, D.C. in the War of 1812.
On July 16, 1790, the Residence Act provided for a new permanent capital to be located on the Potomac River, the exact area to be selected by President Washington.[b] As permitted by the U.S. Constitution, the initial shape of the federal district was a square, measuring 10 miles (16 km) on each side, totaling 100 square miles (260 km2). .During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the border of the District with both Maryland and Virginia, placing boundary stones at every mile point; many of the stones are still standing.^ In 1791, Banneker was a technical assistant in the calculating and first-ever surveying of the Federal District, which is now Washington, D.C. The "Sable Astronomer" was often pointed to as proof that African Americans were not intellectually inferior to European Americans.
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^ "Benjamin Banneker's Almanac" was a top seller from Pennsylvania to Virginia and even into Kentucky.
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^ A few small memorial traces still exist in the Ellicott City/Oella region of Maryland, where Banneker spent his entire life except for the Federal survey.
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[10] .A new "federal city" was then constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of the established settlement at Georgetown.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ O'Ree was born in 1935 and grew up in Fredericton, New Brunswick, a small city in coal mining region just north and east of Maine.
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^ Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York.
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.On September 9, 1791, the federal city was named in honor of George Washington, and the district was named the Territory of Columbia, Columbia being a poetic name for the United States in use at that time.^ Puerto Rico ( overseas territory of the United States ) – San Juan .
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^ Northern Mariana Islands ( overseas territory of the United States ) – Saipan .
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^ Later life (1974–2003) Simone left the United States in September 1970.
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[c] Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800.[11]
.The Organic Act of 1801 officially organized the District of Columbia and placed the entire federal territory, including the cities of Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria, under the exclusive control of Congress.^ A few small memorial traces still exist in the Ellicott City/Oella region of Maryland, where Banneker spent his entire life except for the Federal survey.
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Further, the unincorporated territory within the District was organized into two counties: the County of Washington to the east of the Potomac and the County of Alexandria to the west.[12] Following this Act, citizens located in the District were no longer considered residents of Maryland or Virginia, thus ending their representation in Congress.[13]
Ford's Theatre in the 19th century, site of the 1865 assassination of President Lincoln
.On August 24–25, 1814, in a raid known as the Burning of Washington, British forces invaded the capital during the War of 1812, following the sacking and burning of York (modern-day Toronto).^ During the American Civil War he was forced to work on the fortifications in Charleston harbor but managed to escape to the West Indies, where he remained until the end of the war in 1865.
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^ During Reconstruction (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction), the period following the American Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War), the South was impoverished.
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The Capitol, Treasury, and White House were burned and gutted during the attack.[14] Most government buildings were quickly repaired, but the Capitol, which was at the time largely under construction, was not completed in its current form until 1868.[15]
Since 1800, the District's residents have protested their lack of voting representation in Congress. To correct this, various proposals have been offered to return the land ceded to form the District back to Maryland and Virginia. This process is known as retrocession.[16] .However, such efforts failed to earn enough support until the 1830s when the District's southern county of Alexandria went into economic decline due to neglect by Congress.^ After graduating from Ohio State (1937) he went into private business before becoming secretary of the Illinois Athletic Commission (until 1955).
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[16] Alexandria was also a major market in the American slave trade, and rumors circulated that abolitionists in Congress were attempting to end slavery in the District; such an action would have further depressed Alexandria's economy.[17] Unhappy with Congressional authority over Alexandria, in 1840 the people began to petition for the retrocession of the District's southern territory back to Virginia. The state legislature complied in February 1846, partly because the return of Alexandria provided two additional pro-slavery delegates to the Virginia General Assembly.[16] On July 9, 1846, Congress agreed to return all the District's territory south of the Potomac River to the Commonwealth of Virginia.[16]
Confirming the fears of pro-slavery Alexandrians, the Compromise of 1850 outlawed the slave trade in the District, though not slavery itself.[18] .By 1860, approximately 80% of the city's African American residents were free blacks.^ African-American Muslims are converts while 80 percent were raised Muslim.
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^ Hughes's creative genius was influenced by his life in New York City's Harlem, a primarily African American neighborhood.
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^ Samuel J. Battle, interviewed in 1960, was the first African American patrolman in New York City.
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.The outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861 led to notable growth in the District's population due to the expansion of the federal government and a large influx of freed slaves.^ However, some of their most notable contributions and sacrifices came during the Civil War.
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^ That changed in 1941, when pressure from African-American civil rights leaders convinced the government to set up all-black combat units, as experiments.
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^ During the American Civil War he was forced to work on the fortifications in Charleston harbor but managed to escape to the West Indies, where he remained until the end of the war in 1865.
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[19] .In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Compensated Emancipation Act, which ended slavery in the District of Columbia and freed about 3,100 enslaved persons, nine months prior to the Emancipation Proclamation.^ Two days later, slavery was abolished in the territories of the United States, and on July 22 President Lincoln (http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/images/lincoln-portrait.gif) presented the preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his Cabinet.
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^ It is believe that this is the first time in public he divulged specific facts about his life as an enslaved person.
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[20] .By 1870, the District's population had grown to nearly 132,000.[21] Despite the city's growth, Washington still had dirt roads and lacked basic sanitation; the situation was so bad that some members of Congress proposed moving the capital elsewhere.^ In 1925 he moved to Washington, D.C., still spending more time in blues and jazz clubs.
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[22]
Crowds surrounding the Reflecting Pool during the 1963 March on Washington
With the Organic Act of 1871, Congress created a new government for the entire federal territory. This Act effectively combined the City of Washington, Georgetown, and Washington County into a single municipality officially named the District of Columbia.[23] .Even though the City of Washington legally ceased to exist after 1871, the name continued in use and the whole city became commonly known as Washington, D.C. In the same Organic Act, Congress also appointed a Board of Public Works charged with modernizing the city.^ Latimer abilities in electric lighting became well known and soon he was sought after to continue to improve on incandescent lighting as well as arc lighting.
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[24] .In 1873, President Grant appointed the board's most influential member, Alexander Shepherd, to the new post of governor.^ Board decision in 1954, President John F. Kennedy appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
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.That year, Shepherd spent $20 million on public works ($357 million in 2007),[25] which modernized Washington but also bankrupted the city.^ This began his collaboration with Evans, with whom he would collaborate on many of his major works over the next 20 years.
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^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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In 1874, Congress abolished Shepherd's office in favor of direct rule.[22] Additional projects to renovate the city were not executed until the McMillan Plan in 1901.[26]
.The District's population remained relatively stable until the Great Depression in the 1930s when President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal legislation expanded the bureaucracy in Washington.^ On July 14, 1943, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt honored Carver with a national monument dedicated to his accomplishments.
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^ In 1906 they returned with a new ship named the Roosevelt after the newly-elected President who was a supporter of the drive to the Pole.
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.World War II further increased government activity, adding to the number of federal employees in the capital;[27] by 1950, the District's population had reached a peak of 802,178 residents.^ Long was killed in action during World War II. Courtesy of Dr. George Eisen Photograph #69562 .
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^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
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^ He was accused of sympathizing with the Japanese during World War II and of encouraging his members to resist the military draft.
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[28] .The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1961, granting the District three votes in the Electoral College.^ It is one of four remaining traditional men's colleges in the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States).
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^ His father, William Marshall, instilled in him from youth an appreciation for the United States Constitution and the rule of law.
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After the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., on April 4, 1968, riots broke out in the District, primarily in the U Street, 14th Street, 7th Street, and H Street corridors, centers of black residential and commercial areas. The riots raged for three days until over 13,000 federal and national guard troops managed to quell the violence. .Many stores and other buildings were burned; rebuilding was not complete until the late 1990s.^ It was not until the 1990s that the actual site of Banneker's home, which burned on the day of his burial, was determined.
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[29]
In 1973, Congress enacted the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, providing for an elected mayor and city council for the District.[30] .In 1975, Walter Washington became the first elected and first black mayor of the District.^ First black Congressman elected from Virginia .
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^ Soon Coleman had her pilot’s license, and she became the first black woman to receive her international pilot’s license.
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^ In 1975, Bath became the first African-American woman surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center and the first woman to be on the faculty of the UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute.
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[31] However, during the later 1980s and 1990s, city administrations were criticized for mismanagement and waste. In 1995, Congress created the District of Columbia Financial Control Board to oversee all municipal spending and rehabilitate the city government.[32] The District regained control over its finances in September 2001 and the oversight board's operations were suspended.[33]
On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked American Airlines Flight 77 and deliberately crashed the plane into the Pentagon in nearby Arlington, Virginia. United Airlines Flight 93, believed to be destined for Washington, D.C., crashed in Pennsylvania when passengers tried to recover control of the plane from hijackers.[34][35]

Geography

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal passes through the Georgetown neighborhood.
The District has a total area of 68.3 square miles (177 km2), of which 61.4 square miles (159 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (10.16%) is water.[36] .The District is no longer 100 square miles (260 km2) due to the retrocession of the southern portion of the District back to the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1846. The District's current area consists only of territory ceded by the state of Maryland.^ She currently lives in New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) and no longer makes public appearances.
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^ Although he was greatly celebrated abroad, particularly in France, Taylor's career was still held back by racism, particularly in the Southern states where he was not permitted to compete against Caucasians.
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^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
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Washington is therefore surrounded by the states of Maryland to the southeast, northeast, and northwest and Virginia to the southwest. The District has three major natural flowing streams: the Potomac River and its tributaries the Anacostia River and Rock Creek.[37] Tiber Creek, a watercourse that once passed through the National Mall, was fully enclosed underground during the 1870s.[38]
Contrary to the urban legend, Washington was not built on reclaimed swampland.[39] While wetlands did cover areas along the two rivers and other natural streams, the majority of the District's territory consisted of farmland and tree-covered hills.[40] The highest natural point in the District of Columbia is Point Reno, located in Fort Reno Park in the Tenleytown neighborhood, at 409 feet (125 m) above sea level.[41] The lowest point is sea level at the Potomac River. The geographic center of Washington is located near the intersection of 4th and L Streets NW.[42]
.Approximately 19.4% of Washington, D.C. is parkland, which ties New York City for largest percentage of parkland among high-density U.S. cities.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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^ The latter have earned DANIEL four stars in the New York Times as well as the Zagat Survey’s top food rating for New York City.

[43] .The U.S. National Park Service manages most of the natural habitat in Washington, D.C., including Rock Creek Park, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, the National Mall, Theodore Roosevelt Island, the Constitution Gardens, Meridian Hill Park, and Anacostia Park.^ Monroe Elementary (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_v._Board_of_Education_National_Historic_Site ) was designated a U.S. National Historic Site (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Historic_Site) unit of the National Park Service on October 26 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_26), 1992 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992).
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^ National Park Service serving as partners in its development.
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^ In October 2001 the restaurant expanded and renovated installing the Island's most beautiful full service bar.

[44] .The only significant area of natural habitat not managed by the National Park Service is the U.S. National Arboretum, which is operated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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^ National Park Service serving as partners in its development.
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^ In 1933, a second Negro National League was formed, and was the only black professional league operating until 1937.
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[45] The Great Falls of the Potomac River are located upstream (northwest) of Washington. During the 19th century, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, which starts in Georgetown, was used to allow barge traffic to bypass the falls.[46]

Climate

Washington is located in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), exhibiting four distinct seasons.[47] Its climate is typical of Mid-Atlantic U.S. areas removed from bodies of water. The District is located in plant hardiness zone 8a near downtown, and zone 7b elsewhere in the city, indicating a temperate climate.[48] Spring and fall are warm, with low humidity, while winter is cool, with annual snowfall averaging 14.7 inches (37 cm).[49] Average winter lows tend to be around 30 °F (-1 °C) from mid-December to mid-February. Blizzards affect Washington on average once every four to six years. The most violent storms are called "nor'easters", which typically feature high winds, heavy rains, and occasional snow. These storms often affect large sections of the U.S. East Coast.[49]
Summers are hot and humid, with highs averaging in the upper 80s °F (lower 30s °C) and lows averaging in the upper 60s °F (lower 20s °C).[50] .The combination of heat and humidity in the summer brings very frequent thunderstorms, some of which occasionally produce tornadoes in the area.^ The area is plagued by some of the worst air quality in the nation, on occasion surpassing even that of Los Angeles.
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.While hurricanes (or their remnants) occasionally track through the area in late summer and early fall, they have often weakened by the time they reach Washington, partly due to the city's inland location.^ At first they couldn't locate food they'd cached along the way due to new snow.
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Flooding of the Potomac River, however, caused by a combination of high tide, storm surge, and runoff, has been known to cause extensive property damage in Georgetown.[51]
.The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on July 20, 1930, and August 6, 1918, while the lowest recorded temperature was −15 °F (−26.1 °C) on February 11, 1899, during the Great Blizzard of 1899.^ When the recording ban ended, Parker recorded as a sideman (from September 15, 1944) and as a leader (from November 26, 1945), which introduced his music to a wider public and to other musicians.
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^ Y Le Bistro 20 41 Bowen's Wharf 401-849-7778 www.lebistronewport.com n 11:30 am-11 pm.

^ Dinner Daily $20 1 NULL Located+in+Caesar's%5C%27s%2C+the+Broiler+Room+is+a+great+place+for+steak+during+a+break+of+gambling.

Over the year, the city averages 36.7 days hotter than 90 °F (32 °C) and 64.4 nights below freezing.[49][50]
Climate data for Washington, DC
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
99
(37)
102
(39)
106
(41)
106
(41)
104
(40)
96
(36)
86
(30)
79
(26)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 42.5
(5.8)
46.5
(8.1)
55.7
(13.2)
66.3
(19.1)
75.4
(24.1)
83.9
(28.8)
88.3
(31.3)
86.3
(30.2)
79.3
(26.3)
68.0
(20)
57.3
(14.1)
47.0
(8.3)
66.4
(19.1)
Average low °F (°C) 27.3
(-2.6)
29.7
(-1.3)
37.4
(3)
45.9
(7.7)
55.8
(13.2)
65.0
(18.3)
70.1
(21.2)
68.6
(20.3)
61.8
(16.6)
49.6
(9.8)
40.0
(4.4)
32.0
(0)
48.6
(9.2)
Record low °F (°C) -14
(-26)
-15
(-26)
4
(-16)
15
(-9)
33
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
49
(9)
36
(2)
26
(-3)
11
(-12)
-13
(-25)
-15
(-26)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.21
(81.5)
2.63
(66.8)
3.60
(91.4)
2.77
(70.4)
3.82
(97)
3.13
(79.5)
3.66
(93)
3.44
(87.4)
3.79
(96.3)
3.22
(81.8)
3.03
(77)
3.05
(77.5)
39.35
(999.5)
Snowfall inches (mm) 5.9
(149.9)
5.1
(129.5)
1.6
(40.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(17.8)
1.4
(35.6)
14.7
(373.4)
Avg. snowy days 3.1 2.2 1.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.1 8.1
Avg. precipitation days 10.5 9.3 10.6 9.6 11.2 10.2 10.4 8.6 8.1 7.8 8.5 9.5 114.3
Source: The Weather Channel[52] and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[53] February 2010

Cityscape

L'Enfant's plan for Washington, D.C., as revised by Andrew Ellicott (1792)
Washington, D.C. is a planned city. .The design for the City of Washington was largely the work of Pierre (Peter) Charles L’Enfant, a French-born architect, engineer, and city planner who first arrived in the colonies as a military engineer with Major General Lafayette during the American Revolutionary War.^ Her first Emmy nomination came in 1963 for her work in Naked City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naked_City_%28TV_series%29).
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^ He said "To be the first African-American quarterback into the Hall of Fame, all African-American QBs who played before me should share in this".
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^ Most of the veterans of the 761st that Jabar interviewed stated they were proud to have served under a general widely considered one of the most brilliant and feared Allied military leaders of World War II. During the Battle of the Bulge, German soldiers who had raided American warehouses were reported to have disguised themselves as Americans guarding the checkpoints in order to ambush American soldiers.
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[d] .In 1791, President Washington commissioned L'Enfant to plan the layout of the new capital city.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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.L'Enfant's plan was modeled in the Baroque style and incorporated avenues radiating out from rectangles, providing room for open space and landscaping.^ Boulevard is housed in an historic space in the SoMa Embarcadero area and has been designed by Pat Kuleto to incorporate three distinct art nouveau dining rooms.

[26] .His design also envisioned a garden-lined "grand avenue" approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) in length and 400 feet (120 m) wide in the area that is now the National Mall.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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[54]
In March 1792, President Washington dismissed L'Enfant due to his insistence on micromanaging the city's planning, which had resulted in conflicts with the three commissioners appointed by Washington to supervise the capital's construction. .Andrew Ellicott, who had worked with L'Enfant surveying the city, was then commissioned to complete the plans.^ A few small memorial traces still exist in the Ellicott City/Oella region of Maryland, where Banneker spent his entire life except for the Federal survey.
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.Though Ellicott made revisions to the original plans, including changes to some street patterns, L'Enfant is still credited with the overall design of the city.^ It's still a toss up as to who was first, though generally agreed the credit goes to Nat Cole.
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[55] .The City of Washington was bounded by what is now Florida Avenue to the north, Rock Creek to the west, and the Anacostia River to the east.^ Y California Pizza Kitchen 56 939 West North Avenue 312-337-1281 NULL NULL This Pizzeria has been suggested by a visitor as the best pizza in town.

[26]
.By the start of the 20th century, L'Enfant's vision of a capital with open parks and grand national monuments had become marred by slums and randomly placed buildings, including a railroad station on the National Mall.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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[26] In 1900, Congress formed a joint committee, headed by Senator James McMillan, charged with beautifying Washington's ceremonial core. .What became known as the McMillan Plan was finalized in 1901. It included the re-landscaping of the Capitol grounds and the Mall, constructing new Federal buildings and monuments, clearing slums, and establishing a new citywide park system.^ He sponsored new construction projects at many of Virginia's colleges and universities, mental health facilities, and state parks.
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Architects recruited by the committee kept much of the city's original layout, and their work is thought to be largely in keeping with L'Enfant's intended design.[26]
Washington, D.C. is divided into four quadrants.
.After the construction of the twelve-story Cairo Apartment Building, Congress passed the Heights of Buildings Act, which limited building heights in the city.^ As a result, on July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, freeing slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army.
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The Act was amended in 1910 to restrict building height to the width of the adjacent street plus 20 feet (6.1 m).[56] .Despite popular belief, no law has ever limited buildings to the height of the United States Capitol or the Washington Monument.^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ Washington did much to improve the overall friendship and working relationship between the races in the United States.
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^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
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[57][58] .Today the skyline remains low and sprawling, in keeping with Thomas Jefferson's wishes to make Washington an "American Paris" with "low and convenient" buildings on "light and airy" streets.^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ Incredibly, it took 25 years for another black to make it to the NHL, and the situation today remains much the same today.
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[56] As a result, the Washington Monument remains the District's tallest structure.[59] However, Washington's height restriction has been assailed as a primary reason why the city has limited affordable housing and traffic problems as a result of urban sprawl.[56] Not subject to the District's height restriction, a number of taller buildings close to downtown have been constructed across the Potomac River in Rosslyn, Virginia.[60]
The District is divided into four quadrants of unequal area: Northwest (NW), Northeast (NE), Southeast (SE), and Southwest (SW). The axes bounding the quadrants radiate from the U.S. Capitol building.[61] All road names include the quadrant abbreviation to indicate their location. .In most of the city, the streets are set out in a grid pattern with east–west streets named with letters (e.g., C Street SW) and north–south streets with numbers (e.g., 4th Street NW).^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ In the spring Peary and his men left the camp with the goal of crossing Greenland from west to east in an attempt to find the northern-most point of the island.
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[61] Some Washington streets are particularly noteworthy, such as Pennsylvania Avenue, which connects the White House with the U.S. Capitol, and K Street, which houses the offices of many lobbying groups.[62] Washington hosts 174 foreign embassies, 59 of which are located on a section of Massachusetts Avenue informally known as Embassy Row.[63]

Architecture

The White House ranked second on the AIA's "List of America's Favorite Architecture" in 2007.
The architecture of Washington varies greatly. .Six of the top 10 buildings in the American Institute of Architects' 2007 ranking of "America's Favorite Architecture" are located in the District of Columbia:[64] the White House; the Washington National Cathedral; the Thomas Jefferson Memorial; the United States Capitol; the Lincoln Memorial; and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ A cenotaph memorial was placed at this location in 1990 paid for by Columbia Records and numerous smaller contributions made through the Mt.
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^ In addition, he was the first African American to be admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States).
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The neoclassical, Georgian, gothic, and modern architectural styles are all reflected among those six structures and many other prominent edifices in Washington. Notable exceptions include buildings constructed in the French Second Empire style such as the Old Executive Office Building.[65]
Outside downtown Washington, architectural styles are even more varied. .Historic buildings are designed primarily in the Queen Anne, Châteauesque, Richardsonian Romanesque, Georgian revival, Beaux-Arts, and a variety of Victorian styles.^ Located in the ornately decorated Historic Queen Anne house has twelve fireplaces and is worth the dining experience.

^ Boulevard is housed in an historic space in the SoMa Embarcadero area and has been designed by Pat Kuleto to incorporate three distinct art nouveau dining rooms.

.Rowhouses are especially prominent in areas developed after the Civil War and typically follow Federalist and late Victorian designs.^ During Reconstruction (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction), the period following the American Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War), the South was impoverished.
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[66] Since Georgetown was established before the city of Washington, the neighborhood features the District's oldest architecture. .Georgetown's Old Stone House was built in 1765, making it the oldest-standing original building in the city.^ Sunday Brunch 10am - 2pm $55 1 NULL The Grill at Hacienda Del Sol is housed in one of the first buildings built in the Catalina Foothills.

^ Divine French fare is served in private rooms of a beautifully decorated old house making this the place to come for a relaxing private atmosphere.

[67] The majority of current homes in the neighborhood, however, were not built until the 1870s and reflect late Victorian designs of the period. Founded in 1789, Georgetown University is more distinct from the neighborhood and features a mix of Romanesque and Gothic Revival architecture.[65] The Ronald Reagan Building is the largest building in the District with a total area of approximately 3.1 million square feet (288,000 m2).[68]

Demographics

Historical Populations[e]
Year Population Change
1800 8,144 -
1810 15,471 90.0%
1820 23,336 50.8%
1830 30,261 29.7%
1840 33,745 11.5%
1850 51,687 53.2%
1860 75,080 45.3%
1870 131,700 75.4%
1880 177,624 34.9%
1890 230,392 29.7%
1900 278,718 21.0%
1910 331,069 18.8%
1920 437,571 32.2%
1930 486,869 11.3%
1940 663,091 36.2%
1950 802,178 21.0%
1960 763,956 -4.8%
1970 756,510 -1.0%
1980 638,333 -15.6%
1990 606,900 -4.9%
2000 572,059 -5.7%
2009 599,657[1] 4.8%
In 2009, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the District's population at 599,657 residents,[1] continuing a trend of population growth in the city since the 2000 Census, which recorded 572,059 residents.[69] .During the workweek, however, the number of commuters from the suburbs into the city swells the District's population by an estimated 71.8% in 2005, to a daytime population of over one million people.^ Two years later, the Super Soaker generated over $200 million in retail sales, and became the number one selling toy in America.
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[70] .The Washington Metropolitan Area, which includes the surrounding counties in Maryland and Virginia, is the ninth-largest in the United States with more than five million residents.^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
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^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ It is not a crime to kill a negro in Talbot county, Maryland, farther than it is a deprivation of a man's property.
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[2] When combined with Baltimore and its suburbs, the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population exceeding eight million residents, the fourth-largest in the country.[71]
.According to the 2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, the population distribution of Washington, D.C. is 55.6% Black or African American, 36.3% White, 3.1% Asian, and 0.2% American Indian.^ His traveling companion on the tour recorded that Dr. Washington was warmly received by blacks and whites alike.
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^ In 1791, Banneker was a technical assistant in the calculating and first-ever surveying of the Federal District, which is now Washington, D.C. The "Sable Astronomer" was often pointed to as proof that African Americans were not intellectually inferior to European Americans.
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^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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.Individuals from some other race made up 4.8% of the District's population while individuals from two or more races made up 1.6%.^ They were rich and poor, made up of all races, all religions and all nationalities.
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^ At Provident Hospital, Dr. Williams also opened the first nursing school for African Americans, where Emma Reynolds and six others made up the first graduating class.
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.In addition, Hispanics of any race made up 8.3% of the District's population.^ They were rich and poor, made up of all races, all religions and all nationalities.
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.There were also an estimated 74,000 foreign immigrants living in Washington, D.C. in 2007.[72] Major sources of immigration include individuals from El Salvador, Vietnam, and Ethiopia, with some concentration of Salvadorans in the Mount Pleasant neighborhood.^ Through his own personal experience, Washington knew that good education was a major and powerful tool for individuals to collectively accomplish that better future.
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[73]
The Friendship Arch is at the center of Chinatown.
.Unique among cities with a high percentage of African Americans, Washington has had a significant black population since the city's creation.^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
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^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ Hughes's creative genius was influenced by his life in New York City's Harlem, a primarily African American neighborhood.
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.This is a result of the manumission of slaves in the Upper South after the American Revolutionary War.^ The economy of the farming south had been devastated by years of civil war and the fact that the cotton and tobacco plantations could no longer (ab)use slave labor.
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^ During Reconstruction (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction), the period following the American Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War), the South was impoverished.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The free black population in the region climbed from an estimated 1% before the war to 10% by 1810.[74] In the District, black residents composed about 30% of the population between 1800 and 1940.[75] Washington's black population reached a peak of 70% of the city's residents by 1970. Since then, however, the District's black population has steadily declined due to many blacks leaving the city for the surrounding suburbs.^ However, the Buffalo Soldiers, comprised of former slaves, freemen and Black Civil War soldiers, were the first to serve during peacetime.
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^ That period, however, was due to end soon; now the time was at hand for blacks to resume their former dominant role.
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^ Having written and delivered a successful speech about the requirement of humility for the black man's progress, he is invited to give his speech before a group of important white men.
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[76] Some older residents have returned South because of family ties and lower housing costs.[77] .At the same time, the city's white population has steadily increased, in part due to effects of gentrification in many of Washington's traditionally black neighborhoods.^ By the time he died, in 1963, he had written 17 books, edited four journals and played a key role in reshaping black-white relations in America.
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^ At this same time, Hughes accepted a job with Dr. Carter G. Woodson, editor of the Journal of Negro Life and History and founder of Black History Week in 1926.
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^ The idea seems to me as if it was thought up by a bunch of rich white guys as a way to placate the black population.
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[76] .This is evident in a 7.3% decrease in the black population and a 17.8% increase in the white population since 2000.[69] However, some blacks, particularly college graduates and young professionals, are moving from northern and Midwestern states in a New Great Migration.^ It is the new hotspot for young professionals while still .

^ By the time he died, in 1963, he had written 17 books, edited four journals and played a key role in reshaping black-white relations in America.
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^ However, their contributions are typically overlooked, and have been historically disregarded & ignored simply because old racist white historians saw no need to tell anyone a black man or woman accomplished anything great.
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.Washington, D.C. is a top destination for such blacks because of increased job opportunities.^ Also, opportunities for most Black physicians were extremely limited, and it was difficult for African Americans to gain admission to medical and nursing schools because of institutionalized racism.
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[77]
The 2000 census revealed that an estimated 33,000 adults in the District of Columbia identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, about 8.1% of the city's adult population.[78] Given the city's sizable LGBT population and liberal political climate, a same-sex marriage bill passed the Council of the District of Columbia and was signed by the mayor in December 2009. The District began issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in March 2010.[79]
.A report in the year 2007 found that about one-third of District residents are functionally illiterate, compared to a national rate of about one in five.^ Finally, in a third trial in 1994 (and thirty-one years after Evers’ murder), Beckwith was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
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^ He was about to be sent to the morgue when one doctor found a faint pulse.
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This is attributed in part to immigrants who are not proficient in English.[80] .A 2005 study shows that 85.16% of Washington, D.C.'s residents age five and older speak only English at home and 8.78% speak Spanish.^ Matthew Henson was only twelve when he walked from his home in Washington, D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland to get a job as a cabin boy on the three-masted merchant ship Katie Hines.
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^ As a youngster Elijah worked in the fields and on the railroad, but he left home at age 16 to travel and work at odd jobs.
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French is the third-most-spoken language at 1.35%.[81] .In contrast to the high rate of functional illiteracy, nearly 46% of D.C.'s residents have at least a four-year college degree.^ He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball.
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^ From these doctors I received letters commending me to the faculty of the New England Female Medical College, whence, four years afterward, I received the degree of doctress of medicine."
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[82] .According to data from 2000, more than half of District residents were identified as Christian: 28% of residents are Roman Catholic, 9.1% are American Baptist, 6.8% are Southern Baptist, 1.3% are Eastern or Oriental Orthodox, and 13% are members of other Christian denominations.^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
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^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ During that conflict, more than 180,000 African Americans (http://www.africanamericans.com/) wore the Union Army blue.
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Residents who practice Islam make up 10.6% of the population, followers of Judaism compose 4.5%, and 26.8% of residents adhere to other faiths or do not practice a religion.[83]

Crime

.During the violent crime wave of the early 1990s, Washington, D.C. was known as the murder capital of the United States and often rivaled New Orleans in the number of homicides.^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ During this time, when Baker returned to the United States, she was allegedly at a dinner party and began to speak in French as well as English with a French accent.
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^ This prompted him to launch a new venture, the first African American owned hospital in the United States.
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[84] The number of murders peaked in 1991 at 479, but the level of violence declined drastically in the 1990s. By 2009, the annual murder count in the city had declined to 143; the lowest number since 1966.[85] In total, violent crime declined nearly 47% between 1995 and 2007. Property crime, including thefts and robberies, declined by roughly 48% during the same period.[86][87]
Like most large cities, crime is highest in areas associated with illegal drugs and gangs. The more affluent neighborhoods of Northwest Washington experience low levels of crime, but the incidence of crime increases as one goes further east. Once plagued with violent crime, many D.C. neighborhoods such as Columbia Heights and Logan Circle are becoming safe and vibrant areas due to the effects of gentrification. .As a result, crime in the District is being displaced further east and across the border into Prince George's County, Maryland.^ It is not a crime to kill a negro in Talbot county, Maryland, farther than it is a deprivation of a man's property.
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[88]
On June 26, 2008, the Supreme Court of the United States held in District of Columbia v. Heller that the city's 1976 handgun ban violated the Second Amendment right to gun ownership.[89] However, the ruling does not prohibit all forms of gun control; laws requiring firearm registration remain in place, as does the city's assault weapon ban.[90]

Economy

Professors Gate at George Washington University, the largest private employer in the District
Washington has a growing, diversified economy with an increasing percentage of professional and business service jobs.[91] .The gross state product of the District in 2008 was $97.2 billion, which would rank it No.^ Dr.Doom 02-12-2008, 06:44 PM Probably no one would get angry.
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^ Steve Rogers 02-12-2008, 06:50 PM Probably no one would get angry.
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35 compared to the 50 U.S. states.[92] In 2008, the federal government accounted for about 27% of the jobs in Washington, D.C.[93] This is thought to immunize Washington to national economic downturns because the federal government continues operations even during recessions.[94] However, as of January 2007, federal employees in the Washington area comprised only 14% of the total U.S. government workforce.[95] .Many organizations such as law firms, independent contractors (both defense and civilian), non-profit organizations, lobbying firms, trade unions, industry trade groups, and professional associations have their headquarters in or near D.C. to be close to the federal government.^ She started her own non-profit organization, The Wilma Rudolph Foundation, to continue this kind of work.
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[62] As of November 2008, the Washington Metropolitan Area had an unemployment rate of 4.4%; the lowest rate among the 49 largest metro areas in the nation. .It is also lower than the national average unemployment rate during the same period of 6.5%.^ It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm's brother Reginald visited and discussed his recent conversion to the Muslim religious organization the Nation of Islam.
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^ During this period, Mr. Marshall was asked by the United Nations and the United Kingdom to help draft the constitutions of the emerging African nations of Ghana and what is now Tanzania.
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[96] The District of Columbia itself had an unemployment rate of 7.4% as of October 2008.[97]
The District has growing industries not directly related to government, especially in the areas of education, finance, public policy, and scientific research. .George Washington University, Georgetown University, Washington Hospital Center, Howard University, and Fannie Mae are the top five non-government-related employers in the city.^ After the war, Charles Drew took up the Chair of Surgery at Howard University, Washington, D.C. He received the Spingarn Medal in 1944 for his contributions to medical science.
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[98] There are five Fortune 1000 companies based in Washington, of which two are also Fortune 500 companies.[99]
.Washington became the leader in foreign real estate investment in 2009, ahead of both London and New York City, in a survey of the top 200 global development companies.^ Johnson is president and founder of Johnson Research and Development Co., Inc., a technology development company, and its spin off companies, Excellatron Solid State, LLC; Johnson Electro-Mechanical Systems, LLC; and Johnson Real Estate Investments, LLC. Articles on Lonnie Johnson have appeared in numerous publications including Time Magazine, the New York Times, and Inventor’s Digest.
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^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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[100] In 2006, Expansion Magazine ranked D.C. among the top ten areas in the nation favorable to business expansion.[101] .Washington has the third-largest downtown in the United States in terms of commercial office space, directly behind New York City and Chicago.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ With college life behind him, Robeson moved to the Harlem section of New York City to attend law school, first at New York University, later transferring to Columbia University.
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^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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[102] Despite the national economic crisis and housing price downturn, Washington ranked second on the Forbes list of the best long-term housing markets in the country.[103]
Gentrification efforts are taking hold in Washington, D.C., notably in the neighborhoods of Logan Circle, Shaw, Columbia Heights, the U Street Corridor, and the 14th Street Corridor.[104] Development was fostered in some neighborhoods by the late-1990s construction of the Green Line on Metrorail, Washington's subway system, which linked them to the downtown area.[105] .In March 2008, a new shopping mall in Columbia Heights became the first new major retail center in the District in 40 years.^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
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^ In 1975, Bath became the first African-American woman surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center and the first woman to be on the faculty of the UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute.
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^ Memphis Slim 02-06-2008, 07:24 PM Garrett Morgan just became my new favorite person!
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[106] As in many cities, gentrification is revitalizing Washington's economy, but its benefits are unevenly distributed throughout the city and it is not directly helping poor people.[104] In 2006, D.C. residents had a personal income per capita of $55,755, higher than any of the 50 U.S. states.[107] However, 19% of residents were below the poverty level in 2005, higher than any state except Mississippi, which highlights the economic disparities in the city's population.[108]

Culture

Historic sites and museums

.The National Mall is a large, open park area in the center of the city.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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Located in the center of the Mall are the Washington Monument and the Jefferson Pier. .Also located on the mall are the Lincoln Memorial, the National World War II Memorial at the east end of the Reflecting Pool, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.^ Long was killed in action during World War II. Courtesy of Dr. George Eisen Photograph #69562 .
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^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
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^ Buffalo Soldiers participated in many other military campaigns: The Spanish American War (http://www.spanishamericanwar.com/), The Philippine Insurrection, The Mexican Expedition, World War I, World War II, and the Korean Police Action (http://www.koreanwar.com/).
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[109] .The National Archives houses thousands of documents important to American history including the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.^ American Samoa ( overseas territory of the United States ) – Pago Pago (seat of government at Fagatogo ) .
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[110]
.Located directly south of the mall, the Tidal Basin features rows of Japanese cherry blossom trees that were presented as gifts from the nation of Japan.^ The same year, the seminary moved to its present location, which was a gift from John D. Rockefeller (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_D._Rockefeller).
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.The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Jefferson Memorial, and the District of Columbia War Memorial are located around the Tidal Basin.^ On July 14, 1943, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt honored Carver with a national monument dedicated to his accomplishments.
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^ A cenotaph memorial was placed at this location in 1990 paid for by Columbia Records and numerous smaller contributions made through the Mt.
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[111]
.The Smithsonian Institution is an educational foundation chartered by Congress in 1846 that maintains most of the nation's official museums and galleries in Washington, D.C. The U.S. government partially funds the Smithsonian, thus making its collections open to the public free of charge.^ He attended Tuskegee Institute at Tuskegee, Ala., where he received a bachelor of science degree in physical education and completed civilian pilot training under the government-sponsored Civilian Pilot Training Program.
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^ He had little experience with educational institutions, but was always willing to contribute all of his resources and efforts to make the school a success.
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^ The institution was founded for the education of black men in the fields of ministry and education and was located in Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest independent black church in the nation.
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[112] .The most visited of the Smithsonian museums in 2007 was the National Museum of Natural History located on the National Mall.^ These were sold to the American Museum of Natural History and the cash used to finance future assaults on the Pole.
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[113] .Other Smithsonian Institution museums and galleries located on the mall are: the National Air and Space Museum; the National Museum of African Art; the National Museum of American History; the National Museum of the American Indian; the Sackler and Freer galleries, which both focus on Asian art and culture; the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden; the Arts and Industries Building; the S. Dillon Ripley Center; and the Smithsonian Institution Building (also known as "The Castle"), which serves as the institution's headquarters.^ He helped organize the National Medical Association, which at the time was the only medical organization open to African Americans.
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^ The program heralds under-recognized heroes of African American history who have contributed in profound and lasting ways to American life.
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^ The institution was founded for the education of black men in the fields of ministry and education and was located in Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest independent black church in the nation.
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[114]
.The Smithsonian American Art Museum (formerly known as the National Museum of American Art) and the National Portrait Gallery are located in the same building, the Donald W. Reynolds Center, near Washington's Chinatown.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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[115] The Reynolds Center is also known as the Old Patent Office Building.[116] .The Renwick Gallery is officially part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum but is located in a separate building near the White House.^ (At the time, the sport was segregated, and African Americans and whites played in separate leagues.
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.Other Smithsonian museums and galleries include: the Anacostia Community Museum in Southeast Washington; the National Postal Museum near Union Station; and the National Zoo in Woodley Park.^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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The East Building of the National Gallery of Art houses the modern art collection.
.The National Gallery of Art is located on the National Mall near the Capitol, but is not a part of the Smithsonian Institution.^ The institution was founded for the education of black men in the fields of ministry and education and was located in Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest independent black church in the nation.
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It is instead wholly owned by the U.S. government; thus admission to the gallery is free. The gallery's West Building features the nation's collection of American and European art through the 19th century.[117] The East Building, designed by architect I. M. Pei, features works of modern art.[118] The Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery are often confused with the National Gallery of Art when they are in fact entirely separate institutions. The National Building Museum occupies the former Pension Building located near Judiciary Square, and was chartered by Congress as a private institution to host exhibits on architecture, urban planning, and design.[119]
.There are many private art museums in the District of Columbia, which house major collections and exhibits open to the public such as: the National Museum of Women in the Arts; the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the largest private museum in Washington; and The Phillips Collection in Dupont Circle, the first museum of modern art in the United States.^ In addition, he was the first African American to be admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States).
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^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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[120] .Other private museums in Washington include the Newseum, the International Spy Museum, the National Geographic Society Museum, and the Marian Koshland Science Museum.^ Upon hearing Peary's charges against Cook, the National Geographic Society investigated and determined that Cook's claim was a hoax.
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.The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum located near the National Mall maintains exhibits, documentation, and artifacts related to The Holocaust.^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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^ The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.
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^ In 1987, United States President Ronald Reagan awarded Ella the National Medal of Arts.
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[121]

Performing arts and music

The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is located along the Potomac River.
Washington, D.C. is a national center for the arts. .The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is home to the National Symphony Orchestra, the Washington National Opera, and the Washington Ballet.^ Tensions between Malcolm X and Muhammad's leadership grew; finally, after Malcolm X commented that John F. Kennedy's assassination was a case of "the chickens coming home to roost," Muhammad suspended him.
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.The Kennedy Center Honors are awarded each year to those in the performing arts who have contributed greatly to the cultural life of the United States.^ While stationed at Eglin AFB, the Florida State Jaycees named him as Florida's Outstanding American of the Year for 1969; and he received the Jaycee Distinguished Service Award.
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^ A legendary figure in his own lifetime, he was idolized by those who worked with him, and he inspired a generation of jazz performers and composers.
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^ Later life (1974–2003) Simone left the United States in September 1970.
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[122] .The President and First Lady typically attend the Honors ceremony, as the First Lady is the honorary chair of the Kennedy Center Board of Trustees.^ Board decision in 1954, President John F. Kennedy appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
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[123] Washington also has a local independent theater tradition. .Institutions such as Arena Stage, the Shakespeare Theatre Company, and the Studio Theatre feature classic works and new American plays.^ He also worked with Dr. Washington to stimulate funding to train teachers schools such as Tuskegee and Hampton Institute.
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^ New American Cuisine featuring local ingredients.

^ He is the only actor of African American (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American) descent among the 33 actors of the English stage with bronze plaques at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare_Memorial_Theatre) at Stratford-upon-Avon (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratford-upon-Avon).
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.The U Street Corridor in Northwest D.C., known as "Washington's Black Broadway", is home to institutions like Bohemian Caverns and the Lincoln Theatre, which hosted music legends such as Washington-native Duke Ellington, John Coltrane, and Miles Davis.^ Duke began playing music professionally in Washington, D.C. in 1917.
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^ He also worked with Dr. Washington to stimulate funding to train teachers schools such as Tuskegee and Hampton Institute.
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[124] Other jazz venues feature modern blues such as Madam's Organ in Adams Morgan and Blues Alley in Georgetown. D.C. has its own native music genre called go-go; a post-funk, percussion-driven flavor of R&B that blends live sets with relentless dance rhythms. .The most accomplished practitioner was D.C. band leader Chuck Brown, who brought go-go to the brink of national recognition with his 1979 LP Bustin' Loose.^ Her accomplishments as a global media leader and philanthropist have established her as one of the most respected and admired public figures today.
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^ While for the most part his rallies go smoothly, he soon encounters trouble from Ras the Exhorter, a fanatical black nationalist (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalism) who believes that the Brotherhood is controlled by whites.
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^ W. Deen Muhammad, one of the most eminent Muslim leaders in America, is the son of Elijah Muhammad, the longtime head of the Nation of Islam (NOI) who died in 1975.
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[125]
.Washington is also an important center for indie culture and music in the United States.^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ Washington did much to improve the overall friendship and working relationship between the races in the United States.
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^ In 1927, the family moved to Kansas City, Missouri, an important center of African-American music in the 1920s and 1930s.
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.The label Dischord Records, formed by Ian MacKaye, was one of the most crucial independent labels in the genesis of 1980s punk and eventually indie rock in the 1990s.^ This final version, recorded in stereo, is the one most often heard today.
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[126] .Washington's indie label history also includes TeenBeat, Simple Machines, and ESL Music among others.^ Other themes in Johnson's music include impotence ("Dead Shrimp Blues" and "Phonograph Blues") and infidelity ("Terraplane Blues", "If I Had Possession Over Judgement Day" and "Love in Vain").
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Modern alternative and indie music venues like The Black Cat and the 9:30 Club near U Street bring popular acts to smaller more-intimate venues.[127]

Media

Washington's Newspaper Row on Pennsylvania Avenue in 1874
Washington, D.C. is a prominent center for national and international media. The Washington Post, founded in 1877, is the oldest and most-read local daily newspaper in Washington.[128][129] It is probably most notable for its coverage of national and international politics as well as for exposing the Watergate scandal.[130] ."The Post", as it is popularly called, continues to print only three main editions; one each for the District, Maryland, and Virginia.^ Matthew Henson was only twelve when he walked from his home in Washington, D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland to get a job as a cabin boy on the three-masted merchant ship Katie Hines.
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Even without expanded national editions, the newspaper has the sixth-highest circulation of all news dailies in the country as of September 2008.[131] USA Today, the nation's largest daily newspaper by circulation, is headquartered in nearby McLean, Virginia.[132]
.The Washington Post Company has a daily free commuter newspaper called the Express, which summarizes events, sports and entertainment, as well as the Spanish-language paper El Tiempo Latino.^ The foundation provided free coaching in a variety of sports, and academic assistance and support as well.
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Local dailies The Washington Times and The Washington Examiner, the alternative Washington City Paper, and the weekly Washington Business Journal have substantial readership in the Washington area as well.[133][134] .A number of community and specialty papers focus on neighborhood and cultural issues including: the weekly D.C. Agenda and Metro Weekly, which focus on LGBT issues; the Washington Informer and The Washington Afro American, which highlight topics of interest to the black community; and neighborhood newspapers published by The Current Newspapers.^ In 1895 he founded a newspaper, the Daily American, designed to educate Jacksonville's adult black community, but problems with finances forced it to shut down after only eight months.
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^ Whether it's called Black history, Negro history, Afro-American history, or African American history, his philosophy has made the study of Black history a legitimate and acceptable area of intellectual inquiry.
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^ It is now the largest community of Muslim African-Americans, numbered at 200,000.
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The Hill and Roll Call newspapers focus exclusively on issues related to Congress and the federal government.
The Washington Metropolitan Area is the ninth-largest television media market in the U.S. with two million homes (approximately 2% of the U.S. population).[135] .Several media companies and cable television channels have their headquarters in the area, including: C-SPAN; Black Entertainment Television (BET); the National Geographic Channel; Smithsonian Networks; XM Satellite Radio; National Public Radio (NPR); Travel Channel (in Chevy Chase, Maryland); Discovery Communications (in Silver Spring, Maryland); and the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) (in Arlington, Virginia).^ It's rude to ignore it, but even worse to oppose it on the basis that it represents some sort of reverse racism, a stunningly stupid argument also incorrectly applied to the Miss Black America Pageant and the Black Entertainment Television channel.
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^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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^ She also went into broadcasting and became a sports commentator on national television and the co-host of a network radio show.
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The headquarters of Voice of America, the U.S. government's international news service, is located near the Capitol in Southwest Washington. .The D.C. area is also home to Radio One, the nation's largest African American television and radio conglomerate, founded by media mogul Cathy Hughes.^ One of Hughes' finest essays appeared in the Nation in 1926, entitled "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain".
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^ In 1942 Muhammad was one of a group of militant African American leaders arrested on charges of sedition, conspiracy, and violation of the draft laws.
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^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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[136]

Sports

Washington, D.C. is home to five major professional men's teams. .The Washington Wizards (National Basketball Association) and the Washington Capitals (National Hockey League) both play at the Verizon Center (right) in Chinatown.^ During the 1955/1956 hockey season, Willie played for the Kitchener-Waterloo Canucks, a junior league team.
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^ Willie played in local hockey leagues before joining a junior team while in high school.
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^ Du Bois was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP -- the largest and oldest civil rights organization in America).
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.Nationals Park, which opened in Southeast D.C. in 2008, is home to the Washington Nationals (Major League Baseball).^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
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.D.C. United (Major League Soccer) plays at RFK Stadium.^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
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.The Washington Redskins (National Football League) play at nearby FedExField in Landover, Maryland.^ Warren Moon*On this date in 2006 the first Black quarterback was inducted into the National Football league Hall of Fame.
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^ He played professionally for the Canadian Football League's Edmonton Eskimos and the National Football League's Houston Oilers, Minnesota Vikings, Seattle Seahawks and Kansas City Chiefs.
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The Washington area is also home to two women's professional sports teams. .The Washington Mystics (WNBA) play at the Verizon Center, and the Washington Freedom (Women's Professional Soccer) play in nearby Germantown, Maryland and at RFK Stadium.^ Duke began playing music professionally in Washington, D.C. in 1917.
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[137] .Other professional and semi-professional teams in Washington include: the Washington Bayhawks (Major League Lacrosse), who play at Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium; the Washington Kastles (World TeamTennis); the Washington D.C. Slayers (American National Rugby League); the Baltimore Washington Eagles (USAFL); the D.C. Divas (Independent Women's Football League); the D.C. Explosion (NAFL); and the Potomac Athletic Club RFC (Rugby Super League).^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
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^ He said "To be the first African-American quarterback into the Hall of Fame, all African-American QBs who played before me should share in this".
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^ During the 1955/1956 hockey season, Willie played for the Kitchener-Waterloo Canucks, a junior league team.
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.Washington is one of only 13 cities in the United States with teams from all four major men's sports: football, basketball, baseball, and ice hockey.^ The juniors in Canada roughly equate to college hockey teams in the U.S. Willie was also a heck of a baseball player.
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^ Eventually, as more major cities began wiring their streets for electric lighting, Latimer was dispatched to lead the planning team.
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^ He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball.
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.When soccer is included, Washington is one of only eight cities to have all five professional men's sports.^ All the other professional sports, including tennis, bowling, golf, baseball, football, and boxing were racially integrated by 1950.
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^ He fired five fastballs, all but one sailing directly over the cigarette.
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.D.C. teams have won a combined 11 professional league championships: D.C. United has won four (the most in MLS history);[138] the Washington Redskins have won three;[139] the Washington Bayhawks have won two;[140] and the Washington Wizards and the Washington Glory have each won a single championship.^ By 1969, a comparison of the two league's championship team photos showed the AFL's Chiefs with 23 black players out of 51 players pictured, while the NFL Vikings had 11 blacks, of 42 players in the photo.
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^ It would be one of three times in 1987 that Williams subbed for Schroeder and led the team to victory (the other two were 11/15 vs. Detroit and 12/26 at Minnesota).
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^ In 1965 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1965), Ashe won the National Collegiate Athletic Association (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Collegiate_Athletic_Association) (NCAA) singles title and contributed to UCLA's winning the team NCAA tennis championship.
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[141][142] The William H.G. FitzGerald Tennis Center in Rock Creek Park hosts the Legg Mason Tennis Classic. The Marine Corps Marathon and the National Marathon are both held annually in Washington. .The D.C. area is home to one regional sports television network, Comcast SportsNet (CSN), based in Bethesda, Maryland.^ She also went into broadcasting and became a sports commentator on national television and the co-host of a network radio show.
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Government

The John A. Wilson Building houses the offices of the mayor and council of the District of Columbia.
.Article One, Section Eight of the United States Constitution grants the U.S. Congress ultimate authority over Washington, D.C. The District of Columbia did not have an elected city government until the passage of the 1973 Home Rule Act.^ The following year, the Journal of Negro History appeared, one of the oldest learned journals in the United States.
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^ Shortly before his death in 1963, Garrett Morgan was awarded a citation for his traffic signal by the United States Government.
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^ Before his subsequent nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1967, Thurgood Marshall won 14 of the 19 cases he argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the government.
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The Act devolved certain Congressional powers over the District to a local government administered by an elected mayor, currently Adrian Fenty, and the thirteen-member Council of the District of Columbia. However, Congress retains the right to review and overturn laws created by the city council and intervene in local affairs.[143] Each of the city's eight wards elects a single member of the council and five members, including the chairman, are elected at large.[144] There are 37 Advisory Neighborhood Commissions (ANCs) elected by small neighborhood districts. ANCs traditionally wield a great deal of influence and the city government routinely takes their suggestions into careful consideration.[145]
The United States Congress has ultimate authority over the District.
The mayor and council adopt a local budget, which must be approved by Congress. Local income, sales, and property taxes provide about 67% of the revenue to fund city government agencies and services. Like the 50 states, D.C. receives federal grants for assistance programs such as Medicare, accounting for approximately 26% of the city's total revenue. Congress also appropriates money to the District's government to help offset some of the city's security costs; these funds totaled $38 million in 2007, approximately 0.5% of the District's budget.[146] .The Federal government operates the District's court system,[147] and all federal law enforcement agencies, most visibly the U.S. Park Police, have jurisdiction in the city and help provide security as well.^ The district court found substantial equality as to all such factors.
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^ All of her brothers and sisters helped too, and they did everything to encourage her to be strong and work hard at getting well.
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[148] .All local felony charges are prosecuted by the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia.^ In these dual capacities, he had operational command of all United States and Canadian strategic aerospace defense forces.
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[149] .U.S. Attorneys are appointed by the President and funded by the United States Department of Justice.^ In 1987, United States President Ronald Reagan awarded Ella the National Medal of Arts.
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^ Notably, he has been honored with inclusion in the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) list of "Energy Pioneers".
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^ He made a goodwill tour of India for the US State Department and attended the 1956 Olympics as President Eisenhower's personal representative.
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[150] In total, the federal government provided about 33% of the District's general revenue.[151] On average, federal funds formed about 30% the states' general revenues in 2007.[152]
The city's local government, particularly during the mayoralty of Marion Barry, was criticized for mismanagement and waste.[153] .Barry was elected mayor in 1978, serving three successive four-year terms.^ The Wonder Children proved successful and they spent three years on the road.
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^ Three years after the founding of the NNL, the Eastern Colored League was formed on December 16, 1923, with Edward H. Bolden serving as chairman.
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During his administration in 1989, The Washington Monthly magazine claimed that the District had "the worst city government in America".[154] After being imprisoned for six months on misdemeanor drug charges in 1990, Barry did not run for reelection.[155] .In 1991, Sharon Pratt Kelly became the first black woman to lead a major U.S. city.^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
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^ On September 7th, 1960, in Rome, Wilma became the first American woman to win 3 gold medals in the Olympics.
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^ Eventually, as more major cities began wiring their streets for electric lighting, Latimer was dispatched to lead the planning team.
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[156] Barry was elected again in 1994, and by the next year the city had become nearly insolvent.[155] Mayor Anthony Williams won election in 1998. His administration oversaw a period of greater prosperity, urban renewal, and budget surpluses.[157] Since his election in 2006, Mayor Adrian Fenty has primarily focused on improving education. Shortly upon taking office, he won approval from the city council to directly manage and overhaul the city's under-performing public school system.[158]
Washington, D.C. observes all federal holidays. The District also celebrates Emancipation Day on April 16, which commemorates the signing of the Compensated Emancipation Act by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862.[20]

Federal representation and taxation

A sample Washington, D.C. license plate with "Taxation Without Representation" slogan
Citizens of the District of Columbia have no voting representation in Congress. .They are represented in the House of Representatives by a non-voting delegate, Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-D.C. At-Large), who may sit on committees, participate in debate, and introduce legislation, but cannot vote on the House floor.^ Rock became the first black to be received on the floor of the US House of Representatives (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_House_of_Representatives).
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.D.C. has no representation in the United States Senate.^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
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.Unlike residents of U.S. territories such as Puerto Rico or Guam, which also have non-voting delegates, citizens of the District of Columbia are subject to all U.S. federal taxes.^ Puerto Rico ( overseas territory of the United States ) – San Juan .
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^ The district court found substantial equality as to all such factors.
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[159] .In the financial year 2007, D.C. residents and businesses paid $20.4 billion in federal taxes; more than the taxes collected from 19 states and the highest federal taxes per capita.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ Perry moved to Hollywood and appeared in more than forty films over the next fifty years.
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^ Vickers, who has been a Muslim for more than 20 years, says, "You have African-American men seeking liberation, and many see Christianity as a white man’s religion that continues to oppress.
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[160]
.A 2005 poll found that 78% of Americans did not know that residents of the District of Columbia have less representation in Congress than residents of the 50 states.^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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[161] Efforts to raise awareness about the issue have included campaigns by grassroots organizations as well as featuring the city's unofficial motto, "Taxation Without Representation", on D.C. vehicle license plates.[162] There is evidence of nationwide approval for DC voting rights; various polls indicate that 61 to 82% of Americans believe that D.C. should have voting representation in Congress.[161][163] Despite public support, attempts to grant the District voting representation, including the D.C. statehood movement and the proposed District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment, have been unsuccessful.
.Opponents of D.C. voting rights propose that the Founding Fathers never intended for District residents to have a vote in Congress since the Constitution makes clear that representation must come from the states.^ She was unable to successfully market her valuable inventions and found no support from United States Veteran's Administration, so she gave the patent rights to the French government in 1952.
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^ We want and demand that our natural rights which the founding fathers acknowledged for all Americans be respected and left unhindered.
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.Those opposed to making D.C. a state claim that such a move would destroy the notion of a separate national capital and that statehood would unfairly grant Senate representation to a single city.^ I am not from any of those States where the slaves are said to be in their most degraded condition; but from Maryland, where Slavery is said to exist in its mildest form; yet I can stand here and relate atrocities which would make your blood to boil at the statement of them.
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^ Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people.
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^ They moved to Nashville and The Wonder Children were signed with the National Baptist Convention to tour churches throughout the southern states.
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[164]

Education and health care

Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School is an all-girls high school founded in 1799.
District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) operates the city's public school system, which consists of 167 schools and learning centers.[165] .The number of students in DCPS has steadily decreased since 1999. In the 2008–09 school year, 46,208 students were enrolled in the public school system.^ SurfDUI 02-07-2008, 09:46 PM Good job here w/ this MSlim .
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[166] DCPS has one of the highest-cost yet lowest-performing school systems in the country, both in terms of infrastructure and student achievement.[167] .Mayor Adrian Fenty's new superintendent of DCPS, Chancellor Michelle Rhee, has made sweeping changes to the system by closing schools, replacing teachers, firing principals, and using private education firms to aid curriculum development.^ She also has developed schools to educate thousands of underserved children internationally and created "The Oprah Winfrey Scholars Program," which gives scholarships to students determined to use their education to give back to their communities in the United States and abroad.
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^ Sixty-three rural schools received libraries and teacher education.
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[168]
.Due to the problems with the D.C. public school system, enrollment in public charter schools has increased 13% each year since 2001.[169] The District of Columbia Public Charter School Board monitors the 60 public charter schools in the city.^ At first Captain Childs, a square, tall 60-year-old man with flowing white hair, was reluctant to bring such a young lad on-board.
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^ The Board of Education of Topeka began to end segregation in the Topeka elementary schools in August of 1953, integrating two attendance districts.
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.As of fall 2008, D.C. charter schools had a total enrollment of 26,494.[170] The District is also home to some of the nation's top private schools.^ He received some private schooling and took up his father's trade in Charleston, South Carolina.
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.In 2006, approximately 18,000 students were enrolled in the city's 83 private schools.^ At the age of 11 she enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, a private school founded by liberal-minded women from the northern United States.
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[171]
.Many notable private universities are located in Washington, including George Washington University (GW), Georgetown University (GU), American University (AU), the Catholic University of America (CUA), Howard University, Gallaudet University, and the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).^ While still serving as a public school principal, Johnson studied law and became the first African American to pass the bar exam in Florida.
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^ After the war, Charles Drew took up the Chair of Surgery at Howard University, Washington, D.C. He received the Spingarn Medal in 1944 for his contributions to medical science.
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^ Patricia Bath graduated from the Howard University School of Medicine in 1968 and completed specialty training in ophthalmology and corneal transplant at both New York University and Columbia University.
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.The Corcoran College of Art and Design provides specialized arts instruction and other higher-education institutions offer continuing, distance and adult education.^ These individuals and many other wealthy men and women funded his causes, such as supporting the institutions of higher education at Hampton (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hampton_University) and Tuskegee (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_University).
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^ Carver had to study piano and art and the college did not offer science classes.
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^ Although his other male siblings chose all-black colleges, Robeson took the challenge of attending Rutgers, a majority white institution in 1915.
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.The University of the District of Columbia (UDC) is a public university providing undergraduate and graduate education.^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
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^ Patricia Bath graduated from the Howard University School of Medicine in 1968 and completed specialty training in ophthalmology and corneal transplant at both New York University and Columbia University.
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The District's 16 medical centers and hospitals make it a national center for patient care and medical research.[172] .The National Institutes of Health is located in nearby Bethesda, Maryland.^ The institution was founded for the education of black men in the fields of ministry and education and was located in Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest independent black church in the nation.
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.Washington Hospital Center (WHC), the largest hospital campus in the District, is both the largest private and the largest non-profit hospital in the Washington area.^ The following year, Washington bought the grounds of a former plantation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantation) which the campus is still centered on.
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Immediately adjacent to the WHC is the Children's National Medical Center. .Children's is among the highest ranked pediatric hospitals in the country according to U.S. News & World Report.^ She reports most frequently on family and social issues for "World News Tonight With Peter Jennings."
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[173] .Many of the city's prominent universities, including George Washington, Georgetown, and Howard have medical schools and associated teaching hospitals.^ From there he went to the University of Michigan Medical School (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Michigan_Health_System).
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^ Charles Drew was also a honor student at McGill University Medical School in Montreal, where he specialized in physiological anatomy.
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^ Palmer helped the three apprentices apply for admission to a top medical school, the Chicago Medical School, which was affiliated with Northwestern University.
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.Walter Reed Army Medical Center is located in Northwest Washington and provides care for active-duty and retired personnel and their dependents.^ He was retired on July 31, 1941, and recalled to active duty with the rank of brigadier general the following day.
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^ Williams's medical career prospered and he became surgeon-in-chief at Freedmen's Hospital in Washington, D.C..
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.A 2009 report found that at least 3% of District residents have HIV or AIDS, which the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) characterizes as a "generalized and severe" epidemic.^ He reached out to schools and the general public through the establishment of several key organizations and founded Negro History Week (precursor to Black History Month).
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City officials claim that the rate of HIV infection is higher in D.C. than some countries in West Africa.[174]

Transportation

Metro Center is the transfer station for the Red, Orange, and Blue Metrorail lines.
.The Washington Metropolitan Area is often cited as having some of the nation's worst traffic and congestion.^ He learned that Elijah Muhammad was secretly having relations with as many as six women in the Nation of Islam, some of which had resulted in children.
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In 2007, Washington commuters spent 60 hours a year in traffic delays, which tied for having the worst traffic in the country after Los Angeles.[175] However, 37.7% of Washington commuters take public transportation to work, also the second-highest rate in the country.[176]
The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates the city's rapid transit system, Metrorail (most often referred to as the Metro), as well as Metrobus. The subway and bus systems serve both the District of Columbia and the immediate Maryland and Virginia suburbs. Metrorail opened on March 27, 1976 and presently consists of 86 stations and 106.3 miles (171.1 km) of track.[177] .With an average of one million trips each weekday in 2009, Metrorail is the nation's second-busiest rapid transit system in the country, after the New York City Subway.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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^ The latter have earned DANIEL four stars in the New York Times as well as the Zagat Survey’s top food rating for New York City.

[178]
WMATA expects an average one million Metrorail riders daily by 2030. The need to increase capacity has renewed plans to add 220 subway cars to the system and reroute trains to alleviate congestion at the busiest stations.[179] .Population growth in the region has revived efforts to construct two additional suburban Metro lines,[180][181] as well as a new streetcar system to interconnect the city's neighborhoods.^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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^ The latter have earned DANIEL four stars in the New York Times as well as the Zagat Survey’s top food rating for New York City.

^ Hughes's creative genius was influenced by his life in New York City's Harlem, a primarily African American neighborhood.
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[182] The surrounding jurisdictions in the Washington area have local bus systems, such as Montgomery County's Ride On, which complement service provided by WMATA. Metrorail, Metrobus and all local public bus systems accept SmarTrip, a reloadable transit pass.[183]
Interior of terminals B and C at Reagan National Airport, the closest commercial airport to downtown Washington
.Union Station is the second-busiest train station in the United States, after Penn Station in New York, and serves as the southern terminus of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and Acela Express service.^ While stationed at Eglin AFB, the Florida State Jaycees named him as Florida's Outstanding American of the Year for 1969; and he received the Jaycee Distinguished Service Award.
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^ Their leader, Brother Jack, who witnessed the speech and the riot, recruits him and begins training him as an orator, with the intention of uniting New York's black community.
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^ This prompted him to launch a new venture, the first African American owned hospital in the United States.
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.Maryland's MARC and Virginia's VRE commuter trains and the Metrorail Red Line also provide service into Union Station.^ She moved from Virginia to New Jersey where she studied to be a physical therapist at the Panzar College of Physical Education and at Union Junior College and then furthered her training as a physical therapist in Chicago.
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[184] Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound, Peter Pan, BoltBus, Megabus, and many other Chinatown bus lines.
.Three major airports, one in Maryland and two in Virginia, serve Washington, D.C. Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, located just across the Potomac River from downtown D.C. in Arlington County, Virginia, is the only Washington-area airport that has its own Metrorail station.^ One historian estimates that an average crew would have included two or three black cowboys.
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^ At one time, the owners of WDIA back in the 1970s and 1980s also owned KDIA (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KDIA), a similar formatted station in the San Francisco Bay Area (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco_Bay_Area).
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^ I used to know of one who boasted that he had killed two slaves, and with an oath would say, "I'm the only benefactor in the country."
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Given its proximity to the city, Reagan National has extra security precautions required by the Washington Air Defense Identification Zone,[185] as well as additional noise restrictions.[186] .Reagan National does not have U.S. Customs and Border Protection and therefore can only provide international service to airports that permit United States border preclearance, which includes destinations in Canada and the Caribbean.^ Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States.
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^ Notably, he has been honored with inclusion in the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) list of "Energy Pioneers".
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^ It became her only Billboard top 40 hit in the United States, and her debut album Little Girl Blue soon followed on Bethlehem Records.
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[187]
Major international flights arrive and depart from Washington Dulles International Airport, located 26.3 miles (42.3 km) west of the District in Fairfax and Loudoun counties in Virginia. .Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is located 31.7 miles (51.0 km) northeast of the District in Anne Arundel County, Maryland.^ After completing high school in 1925, Thurgood followed his brother, William Aubrey Marshall, at the historically black Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
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^ Matthew Henson was only twelve when he walked from his home in Washington, D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland to get a job as a cabin boy on the three-masted merchant ship Katie Hines.
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^ Memphis Slim 02-29-2008, 08:40 AM http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=2329&rendTypeId=4 THURGOOD MARSHALL Born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908, Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave.
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Sister cities

Washington, D.C. has ten official sister city agreements.[188] Paris is a "Partner City" due to the one Sister City policy of that commune.[189]
City Country Year
Bangkok Thailand Thailand 1962, renewed 2002
Dakar Senegal Senegal 1980, renewed 2006
Beijing People's Republic of China China 1984, renewed 2004
Brussels Belgium Belgium 1985, renewed 2002
Athens Greece Greece 2000
Paris France France 2000, renewed 2005
Pretoria South Africa South Africa 2002, renewed 2008
Seoul South Korea South Korea 2006
Accra Ghana Ghana 2006
Sunderland United Kingdom United Kingdom 2006

See also

Notes

^[a] By 1790, the Southern states had largely repaid their overseas debts from the Revolutionary War. .The Northern states had not, and wanted the new federal government to take over their outstanding liabilities.^ You, the people of New York, the people of Massachusetts, of New England, of the whole Northern States, have sworn under God that we shall be slaves or die!
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.As this would effectively mean that the Southern states would assume a share of the Northern debt, in return, the South lobbied for a federal capital located closer to their own agricultural and slave-holding interests.^ Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate.
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See: Crew, Harvey W.; William Bensing Webb, John Wooldridge (1892). Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House. p. 124. .http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q81AAAAIAAJ. 
^[b] The Residence Act allowed the President to select a location within Maryland as far east as the Anacostia River.
^ Y Snake River Grill 2 84 East Broadway 307-733-0557 www.snakerivergrill.com/ srg@snakerivergrill.com Daily: 5:30-10:30 pm .

^ Robinson, however, was chosen by Branch Rickey (http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9458118) , a vice president with the Brooklyn Dodgers, to help integrate major league baseball.
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^ Memphis Slim 02-29-2008, 08:40 AM http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=2329&rendTypeId=4 THURGOOD MARSHALL Born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908, Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave.
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However, Washington shifted the federal territory's borders to the southeast in order to include the city of Alexandria at the District's southern tip. In 1791, Congress amended the Residence Act to approve the new site, including territory ceded by Virginia. See: Crew, Harvey W.; William Bensing Webb, John Wooldridge (1892). Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House. pp. 89–92. .http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q81AAAAIAAJ. 
^[c] The terms "territory" and "district" were used interchangeably throughout the 19th century until the territory was officially renamed the District of Columbia in 1871. See: "Get to know D.C.".^ Together, these efforts eventually established and operated over 5,000 schools and supporting resources for the betterment of blacks throughout the South (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_United_States) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
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The Historical Society of Washington, D.C.. 2004. .http://www.historydc.org/gettoknow/faq.asp.^ The place, which he dubbed "Crocker Land" was discovered to be an Arctic mirage (http://www.unmuseum.org/mirage.htm) by a later expedition.
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^ (Continued below) http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=2877 .
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^ The Final Attempt http://www.unmuseum.org/polemap.gifPeary had carefully hand-picked his team.
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.Retrieved 2008-05-27.
 
^[d] L'Enfant identified himself as "Peter Charles L'Enfant" during most of his life, while residing in the United States.
^ Later life (1974–2003) Simone left the United States in September 1970.
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^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
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^ During this time, when Baker returned to the United States, she was allegedly at a dinner party and began to speak in French as well as English with a French accent.
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See: Bowling, Kenneth R. (2002). Peter Charles L'Enfant: Vision, Honor, and Male Friendship in the Early American Republic. Washington, D.C.: The George Washington University. 
^[e] Data provided by "District of Columbia - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1800 to 1990" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2002-09-13. .http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0056/tab23.pdf.^ (Two of Douglass's own sons (http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/douglass-sons.html) contributed to the war effort.
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^ By war's end, 16 black soldiers had been awarded the Medal of Honor (http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/medal-of-honor.html) for their valor.
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Retrieved 2008-07-29
.
  Until 1890, the U.S. Census Bureau counted the City of Washington, Georgetown, and unincorporated portions of Washington County as three separate areas. The data provided in this article from before 1890 are calculated as if the District of Columbia were a single municipality as it is today. Population data for each specific area prior to 1890 are available. See: Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). ."Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990".^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ The top selling toy in the United States in 1991 and 1992, over 40 million Super Soakers have generated over $200 million in sales since 1990.
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^ Those around him were so astounded by his high level of intelligence that he was placed in a new job, this time at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
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United States Census Bureau. .http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027/twps0027.html.^ Only Louis Armstrong (http://www.redhotjazz.com/louie.html) managed to sustain such a career, but Armstrong (http://www.redhotjazz.com/louie.html) failed to be in the artistic vanguard after the 1930s .
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^ In 1928 clarinetist Barney Bigard (http://www.redhotjazz.com/bigard.html) left King Oliver (http://www.redhotjazz.com/kingo.html) and joined the band.
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^ (Two of Douglass's own sons (http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/douglass-sons.html) contributed to the war effort.
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Retrieved 2008-07-29
.
 

References

  1. ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009". United States Census Bureau. 2009-12-22. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2009-01.xls. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (XLS). United States Census Bureau. 2009-03-19. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.xls. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  3. ^ McAtee, Waldo Lee (1918). A Sketch of the Natural History of the District of Columbia. Washington, DC: H.L. & J.B. McQueen, Inc.. p. 7. http://books.google.com/books?id=v-BmnyhbDekC. 
  4. ^ Crew, Harvey W.; William Bensing Webb, John Wooldridge (1892). Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House. p. 62. http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q81AAAAIAAJ. 
  5. ^ "Georgetown Historic District". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/Wash/dc15.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  6. ^ "Alexandria's History". Alexandria Historical Society. http://www.alexandriahistorical.org/history.html. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  7. ^ Madison, James (1996-04-30). "The Federalist No. 43". The Independent Journal. Library of Congress. http://thomas.loc.gov/home/fedpapers/fed_43.html. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  8. ^ Crew, Harvey W.; William Bensing Webb, John Wooldridge (1892). Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House. p. 66. http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q81AAAAIAAJ. 
  9. ^ "Constitution of the United States". National Archives and Records Administration. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_transcript.html. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  10. ^ "Boundary Stones of Washington, D.C.". BoundaryStones.org. http://www.boundarystones.org/. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  11. ^ "The Senate Moves to Washington". United States Senate. 2006-02-14. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/The_Senate_Moves_to_Washington.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  12. ^ Crew, Harvey W.; William Bensing Webb, John Wooldridge (1892). Centennial History of the City of Washington, D. C.. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House. p. 103. http://books.google.com/books?id=5Q81AAAAIAAJ. 
  13. ^ "Statement on the subject of The District of Columbia Fair and Equal Voting Rights Act" (PDF). American Bar Association. 2006-09-14. http://www.abanet.org/poladv/letters/electionlaw/060914testimony_dcvoting.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  14. ^ "Saving History: Dolley Madison, the White House, and the War of 1812". White House Historical Association. http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_classroom/classroom_documents-1812.html. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
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External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America.^ In addition to building Tuskegee, Washington became a famous orator and leading spokesperson for African Americans in the United States for the final 20 years of his life.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Washington did much to improve the overall friendship and working relationship between the races in the United States.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

"D.C." is an abbreviation for the District of Columbia, the federal district coextensive with the city of Washington. The city is named after George Washington since September 9, 1791. The motto of the city is Justitia Omnibus (la. Justice for All).

Sourced

  • I'm hopeful. I know there is a lot of ambition in Washington, obviously. .But I hope the ambitious realize that they are more likely to succeed with success as opposed to failure.^ While the Invisible Man once aspired to be like Bledsoe, he realizes that the man has portrayed himself as a black stereotype in order to succeed in the white-dominated society.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ambitious for more education, Carter and his brother Robert Henry moved to Huntington, West Virginia, where they hoped to attend the Douglass High School.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If our defense be the real object of having those arms, in whose hands can they be trusted with more propriety, or equal safety to us, as in our own hands?"
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    • George W. BushInterview with the Associated Press, January 18, 2001
  • I spent most of my childhood playing video games. .Mom said, "You're wasting your time with those video games.". I work in Washington, DC. I use my Frogger skills every time I cross the street.^ I love DC, but it's time the city government stopped playing PR games with gun ownership.
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The strongest example you can give to any child is your behavior, what you do every day," she says.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ward 6 Guy: So you're going to leave your gun put where your kids can get it?
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Unsourced

.
  • Sometimes, Washington is one of these towns where the person—people—who think they've got the sharp elbow is the most effective person.^ I love all of these posts from people who don't live in the district or who lived here in the '80s.
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I feel a real compassion for the people of DC that think this ruling is bad, they are worried that they may actually have to take responsibility for their own safety.
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Not to mention that government seems to confuse corporations for PEOPLE sometimes - but does NOT give any person the equal protection of the laws when compared to the protections corporations or corporate executives have...
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — consider printing them all.
Lincoln presiding over the Mall
Lincoln presiding over the Mall
.Washington, D.C., [1], the capital of the United States and the seat of its three branches of government, has a collection of free, public museums unparalleled in size and scope throughout the history of mankind, and the lion's share of the nation's most treasured monuments and memorials.^ As part of the Department of the Interior's strategy to revitalize communities by promoting public awareness of history and encouraging tourists to visit historic places throughout the Nation, the National Register of Historic Places is cooperating with communities, regions, and Heritage Areas throughout the United States to create online travel itineraries.
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^ In the context of the United States, a plan as grand as the 200 year old city of Washington, DC, stands alone in its magnificence and scale.
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^ The Court moved again when the Federal government moved in 1800 to the permanent capital in Washington.
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.The vistas on the National Mall between the Capitol, Washington Monument, White House, and Lincoln Memorial are famous throughout the world as icons of the world's wealthiest and most powerful nation.^ Nine Smithsonian museums are located on the National Mall between the Washington Monument and the Capitol.
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^ Visitors will learn not only about the famous national landmarks and monuments of Washington, such as the White House, the Capitol Building, and the Mall, but will also learn about the historic neighborhoods and local landmarks that make the city so unique.
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^ Widely regarded as Washington's most beautiful bridge, Memorial Bridge symbolically links North and South in its alignment between the Lincoln Memorial and Arlington House , the Robert E. Lee Memorial.
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.Beyond the Mall, D.C. has in the past two decades shed its old reputation as a city both boring and dangerous, with shopping, dining, and nightlife befitting a world-class metropolis.^ The formal attentive service and elegant accoutrements suitably complete this world-class dining experience.

^ As supervising producer and host of the top-rated, award-winning The Oprah Winfrey Show, she has entertained, enlightened and uplifted millions of viewers for the past two decades.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Travelers will find the city new, exciting, and decidedly cosmopolitan and international.

Districts

.Virtually all of D.C.'s tourists flock to the Mall—a two-mile long, beautiful stretch of parkland that holds many of the city's monuments and Smithsonian museums—but the city itself is a vibrant metropolis that often has little to do with monuments, politics, or white, neoclassical buildings.^ The original building was restored and is now the Renwick Museum of the Smithsonian Institution.
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^ This building, designed in the neoclassical idiom, relates well to both the Natural History Museum and the Federal Triangle.
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^ Between 1798 and 1800 two executive office buildings, the Treasury Department and the War Office, were constructed adjacent to White House.
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.The Smithsonian is a "can't miss," but don't trick yourself—you haven't really been to D.C. until you've seen some of the neighborhoods.^ PM You've missed the point r.k.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I clicked on it thinking it would be just another "talk about it" thread but you have put in some real work here.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ If you did, you would have realized that I haven't mentioned al-quaida or Iraq.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]


.Downtown (The National Mall, East End, West End, Waterfront)
The center of it all: The National Mall, D.C.'s main theater district, Smithsonian and non-Smithsonian museums galore, fine dining, Chinatown, the Verizon Center, the Convention Center, the central business district, the White House, West Potomac Park, the Kennedy Center, George Washington University, the beautiful Tidal Basin, and the new Nationals Stadium.^ The Capitol is located on Capitol Hill at the east end of the National Mall.
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^ Nine Smithsonian museums are located on the National Mall between the Washington Monument and the Capitol.
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^ The Lincoln Memorial, administered by the National Park Service, is on the west end of National Mall, located in West Potomac Park, in line with the US Capitol and the Washington Monument, bordered by Constitution, Independence Aves.
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.North Central (Dupont Circle, Shaw, Adams Morgan-Columbia Heights)
D.C.'s trendiest and most diverse neighborhoods and destination number one for live music and clubbing, as well as loads of restaurants, Howard University, boutique shopping, beautiful embassies, Little Ethiopia, jazz on U Street, and lots of nice hotels.^ Metro stop: Shaw-Howard University.
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^ Metro stop: Shaw-Howard University Mary Church Terrell House This house was the home of Memphis-born Mary Church Terrell, who at age 86 led the successful fight to integrate eating places in the District of Columbia.
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^ The houses with their varied verandas were situated on generous lots and set well back from the street.
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.West (Georgetown, Upper Northwest)
The prestigious, wealthy side of town, home to the historic village of Georgetown with its energetic nightlife, colonial architecture, and fine dining; the National Zoo; the massive National Cathedral; bucolic Dumbarton Oaks; the bulk of D.C.'s high-end shopping; more Embassy Row; American University; and several nice dining strips.^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
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^ Several examples of Renaissance Revival and Colonial Revival can be found from the early decades of the 20th century in Georgetown commercial architecture.
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^ Varied tastes can be accommodated in either the large main dining room one of several more intimate areas or the outdoor patio.

.East (Capitol Hill, East D.C., Anacostia)
Starting at the Capitol Building and Library of Congress, and fanning out past grandiose Union Station and the historic Capitol Hill neighborhood, to the less often visited neighborhoods by Gallaudet and Catholic University, historic black Anacostia, D.C.'s "Little Vatican" around the National Shrine, the huge National Arboretum, the Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens, offbeat nightlife in the Atlas District, and a handful of other eccentric neighborhoods to explore.^ Capitol Hill is the largest residential historic district in the District of Columbia.
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^ The Capitol is located on Capitol Hill at the east end of the National Mall.
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^ It acted as both an anchor to keep residents from leaving Capitol Hill for a neighborhood with better civic services and as a magnet to draw new people.
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That which we call a District by any other...
Washington, D.C., is known to locals as simply D.C. or the District, and it is rare to hear it called anything else. .Locals usually use the name Washington to refer to the national government and the political world, rather than the city itself.^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
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^ While the Avenue serves work-a-day Washington as a major east-west transit route, it is known the world over as the heart of the Nation's Capital.
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^ This trend began to reverse itself in the 1930s, when New Deal politicians and government officials rediscovered its charm and convenience to Washington.
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.The full title Washington, D.C., and the official name, District of Columbia, are rarely used unless the speaker is trying to clearly distinguish the city from the state.^ In the context of the United States, a plan as grand as the 200 year old city of Washington, DC, stands alone in its magnificence and scale.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While stationed at Eglin AFB, the Florida State Jaycees named him as Florida's Outstanding American of the Year for 1969; and he received the Jaycee Distinguished Service Award.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Official country names used by the ISO 3166/MA .
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History

Washington, D.C. is an artificial, ad hoc city borne of politics, by politics, and for politics. .It wasn't the first capital—Philadelphia tried its hand at national government in the years before (although the capital also moved around Baltimore, Lancaster, and York, as it fled British soldiers throughout the Revolutionary War).^ The Court moved again when the Federal government moved in 1800 to the permanent capital in Washington.
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^ Initially meeting in the Royal Exchange Building in New York, the Court established chambers in Independence Hall and later in City Hall when the national capital moved to Philadelphia in 1790.
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^ Crumpler practiced in Boston for a short while before moving to Richmond, Virginia, after the Civil War ended in 1865.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.But Congress soured on the "Cradle of Liberty" after disaffected American soldiers, with the tacit sanction of the state governor, chased its members out of the city to Princeton.^ He was the first elected African American governor in United States history.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The vagrant government made brief forays into Annapolis, Trenton, and even New York City, but it had long become clear that the southern states would not tolerate a northern capital, and that the capital would need to be independent from the then powerful state governments.^ New York City 2010 .

^ Designed by Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson the bicameral dining room 1950s modern at its finest has become the stage on which people announce their arrival into the New York world.

^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
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.James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Alexander Hamilton agreed in 1790 to a compromise location on largely uninhabited land in the Mid-Atlantic.^ James Madison (1751-1836) Oh sorry, it's just weird being agreed with.:p .
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Thomas Jefferson Building is located at Independence Ave.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The James Madison Building is located on Independence Ave.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The exact location was up to George Washington, and he rather liked a spot just a couple miles north of his house at Mount Vernon.^ The chants were just what we came up with on the spot.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED-Katrina Survivors Live in front of White House 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Burrows chose the current location of the Barracks and chose English architect George hadfield, who also designed Arlington House , as the architect of the Barracks and the Commandant's House.
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^ To the south, the Washington Monument is located off-axis, and to the north is Sixteenth Street beginning at the edge of Lafayette Square.
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.Pierre L'Enfant was charged with planning the new city, lying outside the jurisdiction of any state, and following rapid construction under his supervision, the young government arrived in 1800. Aside from a temporary relocation during the War of 1812 (when the British set the city on fire), the U.S. government had found its home in the District of Columbia.^ Tradition has it that British troops set fire to the house during the War of 1812.
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^ On August 24, 1814, British troops set fire to the building during the War of 1812.
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^ It is one of a series of modern public buildings constructed by the District of Columbia government during the period of intensive municipal improvement which cumulated in Alexander R. Shepard's remarkable transformation of the city in the early 1870s.
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.A diamond carved out of the land at the confluence of the Potomac and Anacostia rivers, the new city united the two existing small cities of Georgetown and Alexandria, with an aim to build on their success as ports.^ See some of the city's oldest buildings in Georgetown.
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^ The central section of the tri-unit building is comprised of two huge, back to back, semi-circular units with side wings.
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^ O'Ree was born in 1935 and grew up in Fredericton, New Brunswick, a small city in coal mining region just north and east of Maine.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

History must judge this a failure. .In the early years both the original ports remained active in the trade in the Mid-Atlantic's principal export, tobacco.^ During these early years the Robeson's experienced both family and financial losses.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Seeking to further develop the capital as a port, the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was built alongside Georgetown, but the expensive project was a flop, unable to compete with the new and more efficient Baltimore & Ohio railroad, connected to Baltimore's deep water port.^ On the same day, construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad westward from Baltimore was begun-a move that would have significant implications for the ultimate fate of the canal and the canal era generally.
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^ As the federal city developed, Georgetown's business and social affairs shifted from the waterfront to Bridge Street (now M Street), which became the principal avenue of approach to the new capital from the west.
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^ The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is open to the public during daylight hours.
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Later increased sedimentation of the Potomac brought the port activity to a virtual standstill.
The Alexandria port suffered disproportionately, since the government's plans favored Georgetown. .Combined with fears that the federal government would ban the slave trade within the District (and it did), this led to the retrocession of the lands west of the Potomac back into the state of Virginia in 1846, thus spoiling the city's fine diamond shape, and leaving only the territory given by Maryland under federal control.^ Interesting that the hate crime laws started because states weren't enforcing murder charges against lynchers, so the U.S. government passed laws to get federal prosecutors involved.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the 1960s and 1970s the Federal government tried unsuccessfully to make it into a visitor center.
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^ By mid-1862, however, the escalating number of former slaves (contrabands), the declining number of white volunteers, and the increasingly pressing personnel needs of the Union Army pushed the Government into reconsidering the ban.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The nation's capital from this point on lacked the exciting tumult of its early years, although its compromise location on the border of North and South proved precarious during the Civil War.^ After the Civil War, she became the nation's first African American female lawyer.
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^ To the south, the Washington Monument is located off-axis, and to the north is Sixteenth Street beginning at the edge of Lafayette Square.
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^ However, some of their most notable contributions and sacrifices came during the Civil War.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The Maryland government had Confederate sympathies, so President Lincoln preempted any thoughts of secession (which would have left the capital surrounded) by simply arresting and holding without trial the entire state government.^ It is OFF LIMITS! In other words, the right to keep and bear arms cannot be touched...the government simply may not penetrate the second amendment without violating it.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result, President Lincoln issued General Order 233, threatening reprisal on Confederate prisoners of war (POWs) for any mistreatment of black troops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Exactly what limitations may be imposed, under what standard of review, and whether the right is incorporated as applying against state governments is left for another day, as it should be.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

.To keep unruly Baltimore in check (Baltimoreans were not so sympathetic to the South—they are just rowdy folks), he sent artillery to sit on the city's Federal Hill, pointing cannon squarely at the central business district.^ The house, sited prominently atop the hill, can be seen from many points in the District of Columbia.
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^ They're just put on a plane, lied to, and sent off?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED-Katrina Survivors Live in front of White House 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The focal point of the district is Logan Circle, an important element of the 1791-92 L'Enfant Plan and Ellicott Plans for the Federal City.
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.The massive influx of money, administrators, troops, engineers, and forts to protect the capital during the war transformed the formerly sleepy capital into a busy urban center, set to grow for the next 150 years into one of the nation's largest metropolises.^ During World War I, he found a way to replace the textile dyes formerly imported from Europe.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Memorial Bridge Arlington Memorial Bridge and its related architectural, engineering, sculptural, and landscape features are significant as important elements in the Neo-classical urban design of the National Capital as it evolved during the first third of the 20th century.
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^ In August of the same year, the intelligence community had received information that a group of Libyans hoped to crash a plane into the World Trade Center.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

The Wilson Building, seat of the Mayor and City Council
The Wilson Building, seat of the Mayor and City Council
.D.C.'s culture is in no small part defined by a divide between black and white, native and transient, east and west.^ There is no WAY I can believe you would have so flippant an attitude toward those injuries if this was a black victim that a bunch of white people did that too.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The northwest area east of Rock Creek Park was largely settled by middle-income and government workers The northwest area west of Rock Creek Park which was settled, in part, by upper-income Whites.
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^ See, this is why we have problems......where a white kid was at a convenience store on the black side of town, WHY he was there no one seems to know, There should not be white sides and black sides of any town.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

.Compared to other cities, relatively few residents are native Washingtonians.^ If you look at National Statistics, DC has just as high if not higher gun violence compared to other major metropolitan cities now, with the gun ban in place.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DC Residents have a Constitutional right to purchase and own a gun, just like a citizen in any other city in this country.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the early years of the Republic few Congressmen wished to establish permanent residence in the city.
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.Most recent census figures report that about 50% of the population has relocated in the past five years.^ The British government recently reported that gun crime in England and Wales nearly doubled in the four years from 1998-99 to 2002-03.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the likely regulations: Gun owners would have to be 21 or older (*) and could not have been convicted of a felony or any weapon-related charge or have been in a mental hospital for the past five years.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Add to that figure the roughly five times the number who were non-fatally shot, and that meant that about one in 15 in the District in that year were personally and directly affected by handgun violence, despite the nation's most strict ban.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The transient population is overwhelmingly professional, young, white, affluent, and highly educated—drawn to the city for its government-related work and booming economy.^ The neighborhood's rapid development was in response to the city's strong demand for housing following the Civil War, the growth of the Federal government in the late 19th century, and the expansion of Washington's economy and population.
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.This is in stark contrast to the local African-American population, which has deep roots in the community, and much more socioeconomic diversity—some areas of the city rank among the nation's poorest, most alienated, and underprivileged, plagued with serious problems in the public schools and violent housing projects.^ The local schools were a source of much community pride and were of priceless value to African-American families during those troubled times in public education.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
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.D.C., a.k.a the Chocolate City, is a clear majority-black city, and has long been a national center of African-American culture.^ Black culture is American culture.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Until the 1920s (when it was surpassed by New York) it was home to the largest black population of any city, it was the first black-majority city in the country, and is home to Howard University, one of the nation's most important historically black colleges.^ She was the first black woman to perform at the Waldorf Astoria in New York.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ New York City 2010 .

^ She was the first black staff person at Presbyterian Hospital in New York City.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.U St was known as Black Broadway, with native Washingtonian Duke Ellington performing in the clubs up and down the street.^ Projecting porches and varied rooflines create a strong sense of rhythm up and down the streets.
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^ Enjoy the rich history of U Street, whose fraternal organizations, theaters, and jazz clubs earned the area its national designation as "Black Broadway."
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.The District was long an attractive destination for African-Americans leaving the South, as it was both nearby, and also a bastion of tolerance and progressivism in race relations, being the home of abolitionist Frederick Douglass, and the first city in the country to integrate its public schools.^ It was the city's first legitimate theater for African American audiences and entertainers.
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^ Her book is one of the very first medical publications by an African American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Breaking the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in baseball's major leagues.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The sometimes uncomfortable blend of the semi-transient professional population and permanent residents is often the source of controversy, especially as D.C. has been experiencing a citywide wave of neighborhood rebuilding and "gentrification," as young professionals, whose tight budgets and distaste for long daily commutes have in recent years driven them to move into poorer neighborhoods in search of low rent and easy access to city amenities.^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Although he is listed in the Middletown town directory in 1896, it is not known how long he still resided there after he became a professional racer.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The first session of the Supreme Court was convened on February 1, 1790, but it took some 145 years for the Supreme Court to find a permanent residence.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But while there is inevitably some conflict under neighborhood change, these changes have also created D.C.'s most diverse, culturally vibrant, and exciting neighborhoods—just walk up U or 18th St in Shaw and Adams Morgan, and you'll see that it's not a vain hope that the city's various cultures can come together to create something greater.^ I just walked through there ( none / 1 ) .
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED-Katrina Survivors Live in front of White House 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are just some folks you can’t trade nice with.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ Though changes there appeared only gradually, the PRR's move allowed the creation of the Mall as it appeared today.
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.D.C., and particularly the metro area beyond the city limits, is impressively international—in the immediate metro area a whopping one third of the population is foreign born.^ The row on the south side of the 1700 block of Q Street, designed in 1889 by T.F. Schneider, is one of the most impressive Richardsonian rows in the area.
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^ Automobile access was limited to certain areas and pleasure driving became one of the park's amenities.
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^ Sumner School stands as one of the few physical reminders of the presence and history of African Americans in one of the most historic areas of the city.
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The biggest immigrant group is no doubt from Central America, mostly from El Salvador. .Latino culture finds its home in the city in Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights—both neighborhoods where you'll find all the various cultures of the city intermingling.^ The District of Columbia's cultural heritage is rich and varied.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let wait and see how many are actually going to abide by the new ruling, MD & VA will continue to barter GUNS into you community (city) and all you can do is simply sit in the confines of your homes and join the many others that are simply hostages in their neighborhoods...
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Quote: "One major question, he said, was whether the court would undo the city's trigger lock requirement that all shotguns in homes remain unloaded with locks on the triggers."
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.D.C. also has a big African immigrant population, with exceptionally big and visible Somali and Ethiopian communities (who have bestowed on the city a love for Ethiopian food!^ The population of Foggy Bottom came to consist primarily of poor immigrants who lived close to work.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throughout its history, the church has had parishioners who were very important in the history of Washington's African American community, including Frederick Douglass and Altheia Turner.
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). .The international culture extends well beyond the immigrant communities, though, to the big foreign professional population, as well as the brain drain of Americans from all around the country looking for work in the international relations field—D.C. simply put is the nation's most international town.^ To offer a safe and comfortable place for White/European-Americans to discuss social, economic, cultural, political and related issues that particularly affect White/European-Americans at Cleveland State University and beyond.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Williams was often invited to speak to doctor's associations around the country on the subject of health care for African Americans.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon their completion, the Cannon and Russell Buildings became classic models, copied in the city of Washington, DC as well as around the country.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Local politics, and local anger at the relations between the city and the national government, are perhaps the glue that binds all Washingtonians together.^ Perhaps we can all go to the bathroom together?
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ In these years a remarkable degree of architectural quality, coherence and unity was achieved, creating a street faade unique in the city and perhaps in the nation.
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^ Or be citizens and do what the founders of this nation proposed as to what makes an honest government; "All authority belongs to the people...
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

.The District of Columbia is under the ultimate control of the U.S. Congress.^ He convinced Congress, but when Georgetown was absorbed into the District of Columbia, the name of the port was officially changed to Washington.
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^ In 1893 the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation of the District of Columbia was granted a charter from Congress to establish the cathedral and the site on Mount Saint Albans was chosen.
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^ By the way, Congress has the supreme authority vested by the same Constitution over the District of Columbia, therefore it can grant us a seat in the House.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Since 1973, city residents have been able to elect a Mayor as well as representatives to the D.C. City Council. .However, Congress retains the right to overturn laws passed by the city.^ Permalink The D.C. gun ban was a local law, not something Congress passed.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1888, Congress passed the Highway Act which forbid "any plat or subdivision that did not conform with the general plan for the city."
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During and after the Civil War, Congress passed laws expanding the eligibility for pensions of the wounded, maimed, and the widowed and orphaned of the Civil War.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The nearly 600,000 citizens residing in the city do not have voting representation in Congress because the District is not a "state."^ Read it again, 2008: "States get voting representation.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "States get voting representation.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ States get voting representation.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a reminder to visitors that D.C. residents are taxed but are unable to vote for Congress, District license plates bear the slogan "Taxation Without Representation"—the slogan used to denounce British rule before the Revolutionary War.^ The Court convened for a short period in a private home after the British had used Supreme Court documents to set fire to the Capitol during the War of 1812.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider that if DC residents don't have voting rights, then that's fine - just stop f*cking taxing us.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Library of Congress In 1800, Congress voted to buy books and create a library for its use.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°F) 42 47 56 66 75 84 88 86 79 68 57 47
Nightly lows (°F) 27 30 37 46 56 65 70 69 62 50 40 32
Precipitation (in) 3.2 2.6 3.6 2.7 3.8 3.1 3.6 3.4 3.8 3.2 3.0 3.0

Check Washington, D.C.'s 7 day forecast at NOAA
.D.C.'s climate is infamously bad, having been built on a swamp with the express purpose of discouraging a large bureaucracy—if no one wants to live here, there won't be too many bureaucrats.^ She also has been lauded for her performances in the made-for-television movies Before Women Had Wings (1997), There Are No Children Here (1993), and The Women of Brewster Place (1989).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ PM Please, tell me, no, tell all of the people here, ONE single racist rant I made.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the point is that they were there - so there is no need to improve anything like they want to tell you.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

This is all a bunch of crock. .There was no swamp here, and the weather is actually quite lovely throughout the year.^ She also has been lauded for her performances in the made-for-television movies Before Women Had Wings (1997), There Are No Children Here (1993), and The Women of Brewster Place (1989).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He had fallen in love with San Diego and its warm weather, so he settled there.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Actually, since any of us have lived there, there has been no gate.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

The myth of bad weather in the capital comes from the fact that most visit at the height of the summer, when the pleasure of relatively moderate temperatures are completely drowned out by the miserable, impenetrable humidity. .On a hot day on the Mall in July, you'll sweat like a dog, the kids will complain incessantly, and you'll want to spend as much time indoors as possible.^ BTW: I'll look forward to seeing you and your kids at Disney World (that is, so long as you keep them away from swimming pools, candles, or firearms).
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the point is that they were there - so there is no need to improve anything like they want to tell you.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How much time did you spend digging up those old posts?
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

It's not the best time to visit.
But the rest of the year is lovely. .It's hard to beat spring in D.C. The northerly subtropical climate results in cool breezes, moderate temperatures, lush growth, flowers, budding trees, and of course the cherry blossoms.^ The site caused considerable public criticism because it resulted in the removal of Japanese flowering cherry trees from the Tidal Basin.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most beautiful time of spring usually falls April–mid-May. .Domestic tourists know this, though, and you can expect the cherry blossom walk around the Tidal Basin to see (pedestrian) traffic jams that can put the Beltway to shame.^ In Samuel Charters' Robert Johnson, the author quotes Shines as saying: "Robert was a very friendly person, even though he was sulky at times, you know.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ And the trouble is, you never know when security is realy working, you only get to see the results when it fails.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't know if you were interested in this issue and had the chance to compare the US-Media about terrorism with your Australian Media: Did you see any difference if you had the chance to compare?
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

(A truly savvy tourist can escape the crowds, but still enjoy the cherry blossoms at the National Arboretum.)
Fall, while not as gorgeous, rivals spring for perfect temperatures. .It's also a lovely time for a walk in Rock Creek Park, where the dense forest bursts with multicolored confetti.^ The siting of the station adjacent to Rock Creek park triggered a review by the Commission of Fine Arts, as well as review by the National Park Service and the National Capital Parks and Planning Commission.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The development of the West Side of Rock Creek Park was driven by the formation of powerful real-estate syndicates which were in place by the 1880s.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rock Creek Park is a natural reserve within a heavily urbanized area and in this respect it is unusual.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Winter sees few tourists, but it's actually a great time to visit. While it's less attractive in December, the Gulf Stream ensures that the temperatures remain mild, with very sporadic snow. But the best thing about the season is that the museums are practically empty, and theater season is in full force.
It's worth considering the political climate as well. Before heading to D.C., research which events will coincide with your visit. Major international conferences, political events, or protests can hinder your sightseeing tour in dramatic fashion, and also send lodging prices through the roof. .Thanksgiving–New Year's is a much calmer time to visit, when the U.S. Congress takes its extended vacation.^ NW. It is open Tuesday through Sunday from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, except on New Year's Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1917 he published his first collection of poetry, Fifty Years and Other Poems, the title poem having received considerable praise when it had first appeared in the New York Times.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Photograph by Herman Leonard In 1939 Parker first visited New York (then the principal center of jazz musical and business activity), staying for nearly a year.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

This means fewer official visitors, elected officials, and their staff members; the Metro becomes less crowded and there are overall fewer people in the city.
Rowhouses in Dupont Circle
Rowhouses in Dupont Circle
Washingtonians are avid readers and not just of the news—each Metro car at rush hour is a veritable library. Nonetheless, there is little "D.C. literature" to speak of. .The city's culture has always been overshadowed by national politics, and those looking for local flavor will find political works: political chronicles, political histories, political hot air, political historical fiction, and of course political thrillers.^ If you look at National Statistics, DC has just as high if not higher gun violence compared to other major metropolitan cities now, with the gun ban in place.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ History is more than political and military records of peoples and nations.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ However, graduates had often gone back to their local communities only to find precious few schools and educational resources to work with in the largely impoverished South.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Henry Adams' Democracy is President John Henry Adams' grandson's satirical send-up of the moral morass that is politics.^ President John Adams, elected in 1796 as the second President, was the first resident of the White House.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The next five Presidents in succession--James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren and William Henry Harrison--occupied this pew during their terms of office.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ President John Quincy Adams turned the first spadeful of earth in ceremonies at Little Falls, Maryland, on July 4, 1828.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .(Things haven't changed in the 120 years since he wrote it.^ As you might notice from the following, some things have not changed in those three years: .
    • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

    ) .Almost certainly President Rutherford B Hayes' least favorite book, this remains a great read two centuries later.
  • Dan Browns' The Lost Symbol sold one million copies on the first day it was published, so it's fair to assume that this 2009 book by the author of the Da Vinci Code will be the most famous D.C. work of fiction of all time.^ His first published poem was also one of his most famous, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers", and it appeared in Brownie's Book.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Perhaps the most famous work in the Folger Shakespeare collection is the first collected edition of Shakespeare's works, printed in 1623 and known as the First Folio .
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This device became very popular, and was used all around the USA. Morgan sold his device to the General Electric Corporation for $40,000 (a huge sum at that time).
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .It's a mad chase of arcane conspiracies around D.C.'s Masonic Temple, National Cathedral, Smithsonian, Washington Monument, and every darkest nook and narrowest cranny of the Capitol Building.
  • John Grisham's The Pelican Brief.^ Nine Smithsonian museums are located on the National Mall between the Washington Monument and the Capitol.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The monumental core consists of a gigantic triangle anchored by the Capitol, the Washington Monument, and the White House.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Metro stop: Smithsonian Washington Monument The Washington Monument was built between 1848 and 1884 as a tribute to George Washington's military leadership from 1775-1783 during the American Revolution.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Intrigue, corruption, and homicide on the Supreme Court, and some good chases around the capital city in one of Grisham's most famous thrillers.^ That had some good ones!
    • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Brown is undoubtedly the most famous of a series of U.S. Supreme Court cases that dealt principally with the efforts of civil rights activists to promote the interests of the people they represented.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Sumner School stands as one of the few physical reminders of the presence and history of African Americans in one of the most historic areas of the city.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Republicans may get an unfair portrayal, but this is a good page turner.
  • George Pelecanos' Sweet Forever. .Pelecanos is one of D.C.'s most rare authors—one who knows the city beyond the politics in and out, and uses it extensively and effectively as the backdrop for some amazing mysteries.^ What he used was way beyond politically incorrect!
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I use the term African American, even when I know those who are near me do not.
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Oliver 31st May 2007, 05:30 AM Do you know who gave the go-ahead to let the bin Ladin family out Oliver?
    • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In this one, detective Nick Stefanos investigates a drug-related murder on 1980s U St, leading him into a maze of basketball, dirty cops, the beginnings of the local crack empire, underground music, a thoroughly corrupt mayor's office, and all around grit in a dangerous city.
  • Ron Suskin's Hope in the Unseen and The One Percent Doctrine are both political, but about very different sides of Washington.^ Talk about an EDUCATION! AS for the AA being on the wrong side of town, it happens all the time.
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Differences in political philosophies didn’t enter into talking about how much we care about our dogs and how our families are, what we do daily… .
    • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Dorothy cooked him his favorite dinner of cold steak and cucumbers and after dinner one thing lead to another.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .The former chronicles the experiences of Cedric Jennings from his nightmarish Ballou High School in Anacostia to the Ivy League.^ Willie played in local hockey leagues before joining a junior team while in high school.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .The One Percent Doctrine, on the other hand, is an inside look at the run up to the Iraq War, predicated on the infamous one-percent doctrine coined in the wake of 9/11 by then Vice President Dick Cheney.
  • Gore Vidal's Lincoln.^ It was Vice President Thomas E. Marshall, irritated at the Willard's high prices, who there coined the phrase "What this country needs is a good 5-cent cigar."
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Permalink I think if the hand gun industry wanted to boost sales, they could run a spot along the line of :”It’s 3:00 AM and you hear a noise outside your house; you look out and see this person (Fade to a picture of Dick Cheney).
    • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The chapel is one of several landmarks in the cemetery, which also includes the Van Ness Mausoleum, designed by George Hadfield, and the monument to E.M. Stanton, President Lincoln's Secretary of War.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .America's legendary master of political historical fiction turns his pen on the Lincoln Oval Office, bringing the administration's central figures to life in a way that no biography could.^ Lying between the north and south chambers is the central hall containing the solitary figure of Lincoln sitting in contemplation.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In this particular instance, for example, Islamic terrorism could affect your life, but if it affected your life the same way a previous threat (IRA terrorism) affected your life, then there might not be any change.
    • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Poitier made his film debut in the 1950 feature No Way Out, playing a doctor tormented by the racist (one who is prejudiced against other races) brother of a man whose life he could not save.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Vidal is famous for his lack of charity to beloved national figures, but even his sharp pen can't quite tarnish the nation's greatest.
  • Bob Woodward's All the Presidents Men is perhaps the nation's single most famous political chronicle: the story of the investigative journalism that unearthed the Watergate Scandal, and led to the impeachment and political demise of President Nixon.^ They are made up of people from all over the world and from different races, nationalities, genders, religions, shapes, sizes and even sexual preferences.
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Metro stop: Judiciary Square Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site & Old Post Office Building Pennsylvania Avenue is certainly among the world's most famous streets.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Perhaps the most famous work in the Folger Shakespeare collection is the first collected edition of Shakespeare's works, printed in 1623 and known as the First Folio .
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Woodward remains a huge influence in Washington, particularly due to his eminently readable insider accounts of the workings of the Bush Administration.^ Despite his travels and widespread work, Dr. Washington remained as principal of Tuskegee.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Bush at War and Plan of Attack stand out: the first a chronicle of the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and the subsequent decision to invade Afghanistan, and the second of the run up to the invasion of Iraq.
.In addition to those above, a trip to D.C. is a good time to pick up a presidential biography or two.^ It's a good time to finish up old tasks..

^ It's a good time to finish up old tasks.pima papago native american basket humingbird feather vhyodnative americana baskets uxhlz.

^ Willie had been keeping himself in good shape, so at age 43 he laced up the skates one more time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Favorites include:
.
  • Arthur Schlesinger's A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House is the most famous account of the JFK presidency.^ On Media Day, Williams was reportedly asked one of the most famous questions in Media Day history: "How long have you been a black quarterback?"
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Photo by John Launois/Black Star When Malcolm received criticism after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy for saying, "[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon," Muhammad "silenced" him for 90 days.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Board decision in 1954, President John F. Kennedy appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Biased, certainly, but it's hard to beat an account by a Harvard historian turned special advisor who was there in the Oval Office to see every decision being made.
  • Stephen Oates' Let the Trumpet Sound: A Life of Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King isn't closely associated with the city, but this is a great inspirational read to keep in mind on the Mall, thinking of his I Have a Dream speech.
  • Lou Cannon's Ronald Reagan: the Role of a Lifetime is one of the few mature Reagan biographies that is neither a tribute nor an attack, written about his years in office by the inner-circle chronicler who knew him best.
  • Frank Friedel's Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous with Destiny.^ I know about important black people like Shaka Zulu, Nelson Mandela, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, Frederick Douglas, Martin Luther King Jr. I just want to show that there are plenty we already learn about.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It took the intervention of President Theodore Roosevelt to keep the building from the middle of the Mall.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There isn’t one credible climate scientist who refutes the ’scientific consensus’ on global warming.
    • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

    .FDR's presidency was so influential, and just plain long, that it's difficult to find good one-volume biographies—look no further than this definitive work.
  • Joseph Ellis' His Excellency: George Washington.^ I'm not racist, just looking at the facts, ignorance is a culture unto itself, and some cultures are more ignorant than others: Sorry, just stating the facts.
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Good Luck trying to limit ownership to just one gun by law.
    • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An international fraternal order, the Masons have claimed a number of past Presidents, such as George Washington and Harry Truman, as members.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A Washington biography is an obvious reading choice on a trip to his namesake city, as his story is the story of the founding of both the nation and the capital (and his estate is an easy day trip outside the city).^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While the Avenue serves work-a-day Washington as a major east-west transit route, it is known the world over as the heart of the Nation's Capital.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Washington, DC: A Guide to the Historic Neighborhoods and Monuments of Our Nations Capital offers a variety of ways to discover the city's historic places.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Ellis' account is very travel friendly—accessible, humanist, and mercifully short.

Film

.There is no end to films set in D.C., as the national capital provides the essential backdrop to just about every political thriller, and every other alien invasion or other disaster movie set in the U.S. There are a few, though, that stand out in both the creation of national myths and in the proud few that actually capture something of the real culture of the city.^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only is the Corcoran an architectural achievement in the Beaux Arts tradition, but its continual dedication to art is a contribution to the cultural heritage of the nation's capital.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though changes there appeared only gradually, the PRR's move allowed the creation of the Mall as it appeared today.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • The Exorcist (William Friedkin, 1973) is a rare film in being both unmistakeably Washingtonian and entirely unrelated to politics. It's best remembered, though, for terrifying audiences with a story uncomfortably plausible to those raised in the Catholic Church. .Formidable evil forces and equally formidable Jesuits collide in the struggle for the soul of a young girl living in Georgetown, in a tale where the modern humanist world quivers in the face of the ancient and the mystical.
  • In the Line of Fire (Wolfgang Petersen, 1993).^ That bomb took the lives of four young girls, including my friend and playmate, Denise McNair.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .How do you make a D.C. political thriller stand out against all the rest?^ How much could you make from lifting wallets, purses?
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have spoken out against Illegal Immigration, which, is not a race, which IS a group of criminals and that group is made up of people from all over the world, of all colors, races, nationalities and religions.
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But the FBI? And usually that's just during the finding out who did it phase, and making statements of how unacceptable it is phase.
    • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

    Simple: Clint Eastwood is the Secret Service agent, John Malkovich is the psychopathic assassin. .If you intend to watch, you should also intend to add the legendary Old Ebbit Grille to your dining itinerary.
  • The More the Merrier (George Stevens, 1943).^ Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to go about life not being oblivious to being manipulated.
    • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Closed Sunday $30 1 NULL If it's fine dining you want La Maison is your choice.

    ^ Your fellow Americans lose their lives to lightning strikes and drunk drivers too, and presumably to your way of thinking a drunken collision with ANY of your fellow Americans is a drunken collision with you and you should not stand for it.
    • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

    A goofy romantic comedy, widely hailed as one of the best of its kind, set in WWII-era D.C., amidst the acute housing shortage faced by soldiers returning from the war.
  • Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (Frank Capra, 1939) is the defining American myth of the ability of political idealism to stand up for the people against entrenched political interests and corruption, and just maybe to win. Nary a cynic remains tearless through Jimmy Stewart's defining performance, and the movie shows outdoor on the National Mall nearly every summer for Screen on the Green [2].

Get in

By plane

.Washington, D.C., is served by three major airports.^ While the Avenue serves work-a-day Washington as a major east-west transit route, it is known the world over as the heart of the Nation's Capital.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (IATA: DCA), [3] in Arlington, Virginia just across the Potomac River, is by far the closest and most convenient, since it has its own Metro stop on the Blue/Yellow Lines.^ Memorial Bridge runs across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial to Arlington House in Virginia.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metro stop: Arlington Cemetery.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metro stop: Potomac Avenue.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A taxi trip downtown costs only about $15.
Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD), [4] is 26 miles southwest of downtown in Dulles, Virginia. .To get to the city, the Washington Flyer coach [5], operates every half hour (on :15 and :45) to and from the West Falls Church Metro Station (Orange Line).^ Normal operating hours for the Washington Monument are 9:00 a.m.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Initially begun as a 15-minute show on Monday night, the show was expanded to a half hour in July 1957.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The Embassy Gulf Service Station is is located at 2200 P St., NW. It is open to the public during normal hours of operation.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It takes 20–25 minutes and costs $10 one way, $18 round trip.^ Closed Mon Lunch $4.25-$6.50 Dinner $10.95-$18.95.

.From there the Metro to downtown takes another 20–25 minutes.^ He was black, and there wouldn't be another black in the NHL for 25 years.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The cheapest option is the 5A Metrobus [6], an express bus which stops at Herndon, Tysons Corner, Rosslyn (Blue and Orange Metro Lines) and downtown's L'Enfant Plaza (Green, Yellow, Blue, and Orange Metro Lines).^ Metro stop: Metro Center Warner Theater The Warner Theater and Office Building is the sole surviving movie palace downtown.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It generally departs every 40 minutes M-F and hourly (though not on the hour) Sa-Su, and takes 49 minutes to the L'Enfant Plaza Metro Station; $3.10 one way cash fare.^ Union Station is located at 50 Massachusetts Ave., NE. Store hours are Monday through Saturday 10:00 am to 9:00 pm and Sunday from noon to 6:00 pm.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The bus stops near Curb 2E outside of the terminal. Ask at the information booth in the lower level of the terminal, near the baggage claim, which bus will be coming sooner. .A taxi trip downtown costs about $50, taking about 30 minutes.^ Please note that this text-only version, provided for ease of printing and reading, includes approximately 100 pages and may take up to 30 minutes to print.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Supershuttle [7] operates a popular shared taxi ride service to anywhere in the D.C. area for prices of around $30–40. When leaving from Dulles, note that baggage check-in closes a strict one hour before flights.^ As Richard Clarke noted, long before 9/11 the FBI was following members of the Bin Ladin family in the United States closely.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Solo flights can exceed 70,000 feet and last nine hours, and U-2s, with their tremendous wingspan, are one of the toughest crafts to land.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ This device became very popular, and was used all around the USA. Morgan sold his device to the General Electric Corporation for $40,000 (a huge sum at that time).
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (IATA: BWI), [8] is the farthest flung, but also the nicest in-airport experience, 30 miles north-east of D.C. and ten miles south of downtown Baltimore.^ Airy plantation, located approximately 100 miles south of Washington in Richmond County, Virginia.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The building is arranged into 6 east-west wings connected by a central north-south spine.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 14th Street Historic District is roughly bounded by S St., NW on the north; 11th and 12th Sts., NW on the east; N and O Sts., NW on the south; and the 16th St. Historic District on the west.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The cheap and simple, but slow way to D.C. is the B30 express Metrobus [9] to the Greenbelt Metro Station (Green Line). .It costs $3.10 one way and takes about 30 minutes.^ Please note that this text-only version, provided for ease of printing and reading, includes approximately 100 pages and may take up to 30 minutes to print.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The driver will not provide change. The Metro rail service from Greenbelt to downtown takes about 25 minutes. A taxi trip to downtown Washington costs about $60 and should take over 40 minutes. There are also train services via MARC or Amtrak from BWI Rail Station. .From BWI Airport, a free "Amtrak/MARC" shuttle bus runs from the airport terminal to the BWI Rail Station.^ The station reopened in its present form in 1988 with shops, restaurants, and movie theaters occupying the original building, and a new Amtrak terminal at the back.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.MARC [10] local rail operates weekdays to New Carrollton (Orange Line) for $5 each way, or Washington Union Station (Red Line) for $6. Amtrak [11] provides access to Union Station (from $13; 30-35 minutes) and to nearby Alexandria, Virginia near the King Street Metro station on the Blue and Yellow lines (from $27).^ Metro stop: Union Station.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today Union Station is again one of Washington's busiest and best-known places, visited by 20 million people each year.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Y Red Room 2 2040 St. Charles Avenue 504-528-9759 Mon-Thur 7-10:30 Fri-Sat 7-11 p.m.

As with Dulles, Supershuttle offers shared taxi to anywhere in the D.C. area for about $30–40.

By train

Amtrak trains arrive from all over the country, particularly the Northeast Corridor (Boston-to-Richmond). .All stop at Union Station (Red Line Metro), a few blocks from the U.S. Capitol Building.^ Metro stops: Union Station, E. Capitol, and Eastern Market.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The placement of the Treasury building on this site effectively blocks the vista between the Capitol and the White House.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metro stop: Capitol South * The White House, U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Capitol, and related buildings and grounds are legally exempted from listing in the National Register of Historic Places, according to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Capitol Limited comes from Chicago, passing through Pittsburgh. .A few lines also stop in adjacent Alexandria, Virginia, very close to the King Street stop on the Blue/Yellow Metro lines.^ The Frederick Douglass National Historic Site is not within close proximity to a Metro stop.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metro stop: Judiciary Square Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site & Old Post Office Building Pennsylvania Avenue is certainly among the world's most famous streets.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metro stop: U Street-Cardozo.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If coming from the south, it might be easier to stop there, depending on your destination.^ In this particular instance, for example, Islamic terrorism could affect your life, but if it affected your life the same way a previous threat (IRA terrorism) affected your life, then there might not be any change.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

.Maryland Rail Commuter (MARC) [12] provides weekday service to Baltimore's Camden Station and Penn Station, via the Camden or the Penn Line, both of which operate from D.C.'s Union Station.^ The Embassy Gulf Service Station is is located at 2200 P St., NW. It is open to the public during normal hours of operation.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cleveland Park was served by both street rail lines.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Further north along the B&O railroad line and at the Maryland border is Takoma Park, one of the first commuter suburbs utilizing the train.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Only the Penn Line stops at BWI Airport. .MARC also provides service on the Brunswick line towards western Maryland through the suburbs of Silver Spring, Kensington, Rockville, Gaithersburg, and Germantown, on the way out to Frederick and on to Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.^ Further north along the B&O railroad line and at the Maryland border is Takoma Park, one of the first commuter suburbs utilizing the train.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Virginia Railway Express (VRE) [13] provides rail service to Union Station from the southwest, starting in the Virginia suburbs of Manassas and Fredericksburg.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial
Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial
D.C. is primarily served by the coastal superhighway, I-95 from Baltimore or Richmond. .It does not go into the city itself, dodging the District by running along the eastern portion of the Beltway (I-495).^ That the law-abiding residents of the District are suddenly going to go running into the streets to shoot folks now?
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Other interstates of note:
  • I-495 is the Beltway. .The Beltway is reviled across the nation for its dangerous traffic patterns and its incredible congestion (particularly during rush hour, when it rivals the Cross-Bronx Expressway in New York City as the most miserable highway in the United States).^ New York City 2010 .

    ^ In the context of the United States, a plan as grand as the 200 year old city of Washington, DC, stands alone in its magnificence and scale.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    But it is often the only practical way to travel between suburbs. Particularly bad spots include:
    • the inner loop (clockwise) between I-66 and I-95 and also approaching the Woodrow Wilson Bridge in the morning rush (Virginia)
    • the inner loop between the western VA/MD border through the merge with I-270
    • the outer loop (counterclockwise) between I-95 Springfield and the Woodrow Wilson Bridge during the afternoon rush (Virginia)
Again, only travel on the Beltway during rush hour if you absolutely, positively must.
.
  • I-270 connects I-70 in Frederick to I-495 in Bethesda.
  • I-395, another miserably congested road, connects downtown with the I-495/I-95 interchange in Northern Virginia.
  • I-295 connects downtown with I-495/I-95 in Southern Prince George's County, MD.
  • I-66 starts at the western part of downtown and goes 75 miles west, ending near Front Royal, VA.
  • US-50 traverses D.C. primarily along city roads east–west, heading east toward Annapolis and Ocean City (the latter by way of the Bay Bridge), and west across the Teddy Roosevelt Bridge into Northern Virginia and then all the way cross-country to Sacramento, California.
  • The Baltimore-Washington Parkway (also "B-W Parkway") starts at I-295 in Anacostia, crossing Central Maryland, passing near BWI Airport and terminating in Baltimore.^ Metro stop: Foggy Bottom Georgetown Market The Georgetown Market, located at 3276 M Street, between East and West Market Streets in Georgetown, was built in 1865 on the site of an earlier 1795 market, which was the first public market in Washington, DC. The one-story brick market originally measured 40 feet with three bays across the front and 150 feet and nine bays along the sides.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The adjacent Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway terminus, the Watergate steps, and monumental equestrian statuary join with the bridge in constituting a formal western terminus of the great Washington Mall composition at the edge of the Potomac.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Newlands constructed trestle bridges at Calvert and Klingle streets and extended Connecticut Avenue directly through his 1700 acre property into Maryland.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Note that connections between the southbound B-W Parkway and the Southeast-Southwest Freeway in D.C. are difficult due to incomplete interchanges.
.Inside the Beltway, I-66 is HOV-2 only (all cars must have at least two passengers) eastbound 6AM-9:30AM and westbound 4PM-6:30PM. The HOV-2 restriction applies to the entire highway, not just specific lanes.^ We must band together to eliminate all alcohol; and cars, too, just to be sure.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We hover on a dangerous precipice, and our being a well armed population, is the only thing that keeps them from just blatantly abusing all of us.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Y 211 Clover Lane 20 211 Clover Lane 502-896-9570 www.211cloverlane.com None T-Sat 11:30am-2:30pm .

US-50, US-29, and the George Washington Pkwy are the alternatives.
  • Apex Bus, [14]. .Service to New York City ($20), Philadelphia ($15), and Union City, New Jersey ($20).^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Pickup/dropoff at 610 Eye St NW, in Chinatown. No advance purchase required.
  • BoltBus [15]. .Service to New York City; fares from $1 far in advance.^ New York City 2010 .

    ^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Pickup/dropoff at 1100 H St NW, near Metro Center.^ The National Park Service operates the White House Visitor Center, located at 15th and E Sts., NW, open daily from 7:30am until 4:00pm.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Free WiFi.
  • Eastern Shuttle / MVP / DC2NY [16]. .Service to New York City ($20) and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ($15).^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Pickup/dropoff at 610 Eye St NW.
  • Greyhound, [17] buses terminate at their own central bus terminal, 1005 1st St NE, a few blocks from Union Station.^ The Embassy Gulf Service Station is is located at 2200 P St., NW. It is open to the public during normal hours of operation.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Located at the 800 Block of F St., NW, the buildings are privately owned for commercial use and are not accessible to the public.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Also in the tradition of the City Beautiful is Union Station at Massachusetts and Delaware Sts NE also designed by Daniel Burnham in 1903-8.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Fares to New York City range from $20 in advance on the internet to $40 on the departure date.^ New York City 2010 .

    ^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .There are other Greyhound stations located in Silver Spring and Arlington.
  • HolaBus [18].^ Another camp location at Manzanita Spring was briefly referred to as "Camp Safford" for Lt. Safford who died there of acute dysentery.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ There it terminates at the Arlington Hemicycle, keystone of the grand renaissance gateway to Arlington National Cemetery and now the location of the Women in Military Service for America Memorial.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Service to New York City and Union City, New Jersey.^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Pickup/dropoff at 622 Eye St NW. $20 one way, $35 round trip.
  • Megabus [19].^ "To this day a lot of people don't realize that I played my entire 20-year pro career with one eye."
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Y La Petite Auberge 20 19 Charles St reet 401-849-6669 401-849-2519 6-10 pm; Sun 5-9 pm.

    .Service to New York City; fares from $1 far in advance.^ New York City 2010 .

    ^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .Pickup/dropoff at 1100 G St NW, in front of an entrance to the Metro Center metro station.^ The 16th Street Historic District includes buildings fronting on 16th St., NW, from Scott Circle to Florida Ave.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The National Park Service operates the White House Visitor Center, located at 15th and E Sts., NW, open daily from 7:30am until 4:00pm.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Embassy Gulf Service Station is is located at 2200 P St., NW. It is open to the public during normal hours of operation.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Free WiFi.
  • New Century 2000, [20]. .Service to New York City ($20) and Philadelphia ($15).^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ New York City 2010 .

    Pickup/dropoff at 515 H Street NW, in Chinatown. No advance purchase required.
  • Tripper Bus, [21]. Service to New York's Penn Station. Pickup/dropoff near the Metro stations in Bethesda and Rosslyn. $25 one way with discounts for advance purchase. Electrical outlets and Free WiFi.
  • Vamoose Bus, [22]. Service to New York's Penn Station. Pickup/dropoff near the Metro stations in Bethesda and Rosslyn. $30, +free ticket with every four. No advance purchase required.
  • Washington Deluxe, [23]. .Service to New York City.^ Five other museums and the Zoo are elsewhere in Washington, DC, and both the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the National Museum of the American Indian are in New York City.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    $21, +free ticket with every eight. Pickup/dropoff at Dupont Circle, Tenleytown, and McPherson Square. Free WiFi. No advance purchase required.

Get around

City layout

.The city is split into four quadrants of unequal size, with the center on the Capitol Building: NW, NE, SE, and SW. The NW quadrant is by far the largest and the SW the smallest.^ Capitol Hill Historic District The Capitol Hill Historic District takes its name from the hill, which rises in the center of the Federal City and extends eastward.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Capitol Hill Historic District is bounded by Virginia Ave., SE.; S. Capitol and F Sts., NE.; and 4th Sts., SE & NE. Most of the buildings are private residences and not open to the public.
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^ L'Enfant regarded the Capitol building the central focus of the design of the Federal City.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Addresses take a quadrant name, e.g., 1000 H St NE, depending on what side of the city they fall.^ I'm not saying it's legal, but sometimes one has to violate the law, & take your punishment, when there's a long history of injustice that needs to be addressed.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Capitol Hill Historic District The Capitol Hill Historic District takes its name from the hill, which rises in the center of the Federal City and extends eastward.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in the tradition of the City Beautiful is Union Station at Massachusetts and Delaware Sts NE also designed by Daniel Burnham in 1903-8.
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.City roads are laid out in a grid, with east-west streets primarily named with letters, and north-south streets named with numbers.^ National Mall The Mall is located in the area encompassed by Constitution and Pennsylvania Avenues, NW on the north, First Street on the east, Independence and Maryland Avenues on the south, and 14th Street on the west The Mall is significant as the central axis of the District's monumental core as designed by L'Enfant in 1791.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ As the commercial core of the city moved to the west and northwest, the 800 Block of the south side of F Street became shabby and disused.
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.Complicating the grid are the numerous diagonal avenues, mostly named after states, which serve as the city's principal arteries, extending from traffic circles and squares.^ The street pattern in Capitol Hill has remained faithful to the original 1791 L'Enfant Plan for the Federal City, a plan that called for grand diagonals superimposed over a standard grid pattern.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ L'Enfant designed 16th St to have the same width as the large diagonal avenues and Lafayette Square in front of the North faade of the terminates the 16th Street axis.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result was a system of intersecting diagonal avenues superimposed over a grid system.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Numbers increase and letters decrease (A–Z) with distance from the capital, and odd numbers are always on the right side of the street when facing away from the Capitol.^ By 1850, the Capitol could no longer accommodate the increasing numbers of senators and representatives.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If someone on the street said those things to you, you would have every right to say shut up or face the consequences!
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

.The grid has a few peculiarities which are a legacy from Pierre L'Enfant's eighteenth century plan for the city.^ Pierre Charles L'Enfant was expected to design the Capitol, but his dismissal in 1792 due to his refusal to cooperate with the Commissioners of the Federal Buildings, resulted in other plans.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The focal point of the district is Logan Circle, an important element of the 1791-92 L'Enfant Plan and Ellicott Plans for the Federal City.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The street pattern in Capitol Hill has remained faithful to the original 1791 L'Enfant Plan for the Federal City, a plan that called for grand diagonals superimposed over a standard grid pattern.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no J St because I and J were indistinguishable when handwritten in the 18th century, and L'Enfant wanted to spare Washingtonians from confusion.^ Orthodox Jews who reject evolution and believe in the literal truth of the Torah (and that's only some of them), do so mostly because that's what their rabbis in the 18th century decreed.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the point is that they were there - so there is no need to improve anything like they want to tell you.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because any real ex or current military members in it would take charge of it and regulate it - it's in their training to be able to take command if there is no one else to.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

I St is often referred to as Eye St, to distinguish it from the letter L.
noframe
.The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) [24] operates the city's excellent public transportation system of rail and buses.^ When Washington Railway and Electric Company merged with Capital Traction Company to form Capital Transit Company in 1933, buses began replacing streetcars due to their flexibility.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority Historic Hotels of America A feature of the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Heritage Traveler program that provides information on historic hotels and package tours in the vicinity of this itinerary.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of a larger, city-wide public market system, Eastern Market was built to provide an orderly supply of goods to urban residents.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A car is often a hindrance in the crowded city, particularly for tourists; public transportation is often the fastest way to get around.
.The underground subway, the Metro, is the central feature of the transit system.^ The Interior building featured a number of 'firsts' for Federal buildings: the first to have a central vacuum cleaning system, one of the earliest to be air-conditioned, and one of the first to incorporate a parking garage in the building.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Comprised of five intersecting rail lines, it stops in most major neighborhoods and at numerous locations downtown. Washingtonians are proud of their Metro system. It's exceptionally clean, safe, user-friendly, and sports a surprisingly elegant and pleasing brutalist aesthetic. .Its one flaw, though, is irregularity of service, especially following heightened safety concerns post-9/11 and following a major derailment in June 2009. The longest delays between trains can potentially reach 30 minutes without clear indications of the next arrival.^ Posted June 27, 2008 at 1:11 am .
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by: food safety at August 28, 2009 03:56 AM .

^ Political_mama Posted June 26, 2008 at 11:16 pm .
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

Inside the lines
Usually tolerant Washingtonians are militant about proper Metro behavior:

  • Absolutely no food or drink is allowed on trains or in stations. .Metro employees, police officers, and even fellow riders will ask you to dispose of any food before entering.^ He says, "When I first came in blacks were relegated to service type tasks where you did cleaning, serving officers their food and doing their rooms.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Violators are subject to fines or even arrest.
  • On escalators, stand to the right to allow passengers to pass on the left. You'll drive the polite locals crazy if you don't follow this rule.
  • Stand well clear of the doors when opening to allow riders to exit.
Metro rail lines are color-coded, and in some areas, two different lines may share the same track. Additionally, trains may terminate before reaching the end of the line, especially during rush hour. Therefore, be careful to note both the color and final destination indicated on the electronic displays and train cars before boarding.
Metrorail Hours of Operation
  • Monday-Thursday: 5AM-midnight
  • Friday: 5AM-3AM
  • Saturday: 7AM-3AM
  • Sunday: 7AM-midnight
.When riding Metro late at night, be aware of when the last train leaves each particular station.^ Ya know, I was talking with one of my pals in Austin last night and I said, “I have a friend who trains herding dogs”.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

.This information is available both online and within Metro stations.^ The Gardens are not within close proximity to a Metro station.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The University is not within close proximity to a Metro station.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National Arboretum is not within close proximity to a Metro station.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All trains continue to the end of their respective lines, even after the system has technically closed; there is no need to worry that a train will stop before you reach your destination.^ You look at both sides of an issue and bringing your experience, your knowledge and your belief system into play make a decision based on your best guess.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ Closed Sunday $30 1 NULL If it's fine dining you want La Maison is your choice.

^ Democrats, you may still get your ban on 98% of all guns.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

The Metro fare system [25] is complicated and varies based on the day, time, and distance of the trip. .During peak times, M-F 5AM-9:30AM and 3PM-7:00PM and Sa-Su 2AM-closing, fares cost $1.65-4.50. At all other times, fares cost $1.35-2.35. Posted guides will help you calculate the appropriate fare.^ If the debate is over and our posts are meaningless why are you wasting your time here trying to debate us?
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ If you put down creationism, you are anti-Semitic.:confused: I'm Jewish and I put down creationism all the time.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Azure 1st June 2007, 05:19 PM Oh, so you think the Intelligence is protecting you all the time since 9/11.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

Fares are paid by purchasing a farecard at automated machines within stations. .Flat-rate Metro passes [26] are available that give riders an unlimited number of trips within the system for a set number of days.^ But within four years of passing a concealed carry law, Floridians saw their crime rate plummet to 4% below the national average, according to David Kopel.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

These passes eliminate the need for riders to calculate their own fares and are available in each station at many of the automated machines that sell standard farecards.
.If you are staying for a longer time, consider buying a SmarTrip debit card [27] ($10 cost with $5 transportation credit), which works both on the Metro and on the Metrobuses and some other suburban bus systems (saving you the headache of correct change and often providing a discount on the bus fare).^ They've got you convinced some nonexistant "pay back" is around the corner and you jump a mile every time anyone who is not white, male and Christian refuses to stay in what you consider their place.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why are you wasting your time still trying to debate with us meaningless posters when you could be using that time to save the world?
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ You look at both sides of an issue and bringing your experience, your knowledge and your belief system into play make a decision based on your best guess.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

.SmarTrip cards are also required for parking in almost all the suburban Metro lots, where you'll encounter a flat cost of about $4.50/day.^ SurfDUI 03-01-2008, 02:38 PM Are you that adamant about St. Patricks Day too.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ PM You do realize you are talking about one day vs. I don't have anything against either, but get real here.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Personally I would prefer each one got their own day, but then you'd hear crying about that.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

SmarTrip cards can be bought at most Metro stations or at all CVS stores. .Parking is free on weekends and federal holidays.^ Closed Saturday and Federal holiday weekends.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By bus

Once intimidating to visitors, D.C.'s bus system has become more visitor-friendly and reaches destinations that are hard to reach by Metro.
.The tourist-friendly D.C. Circulator [28] buses are akin to shuttles since they operate on a predictable fixed route and schedule, and run principally between main attractions and the city's most popular neighborhoods for visitors.^ U Street became the city's most important concentration of businesses, entertainment facilities, and fraternal and religious institutions owned and operated by African Americans, while the surrounding neighborhood became home to many of the city's leading African American citizens.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only facts matter, and the fact is that most people in the USA are far, far more likely to be hurt by lightning or drunk drivers than they are to be hurt by Al-Qaeda operations.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On January 28, 1962, the last streetcar was operated in Washington and the East Capitol Street Car Barn was then used to store buses.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

All D.C. Circulator routes run every 10 minutes and cost $1. There are currently five routes:
  • Georgetown-Union Station "Yellow" Line — runs between Georgetown and Union Station Su-Th 7AM-midnight, F-Sa 7AM-midnight (and midnight-2AM between Georgetown & Farragut Sq.
  • Convention Center-SW Waterfront "Red" Line — runs between Southwest Waterfront and the Washington Convention Center 7AM-9PM daily.
  • Smithsonian/National Gallery of Art Loop "Purple" Line — loops the perimeter of the National Mall Sa-Su 10AM-6PM.
  • Union Station – Navy Yard "Blue" Line — runs past Eastern Market between Union Station and Navy Yard near the Nationals Stadium M-F 6AM-6PM. Extended and weekend service on Nationals game days.
  • Woodley Park – Adams Morgan – McPherson Square "Green" Line — runs the "Liquorridor" between the Zoo, U St, Adams Morgan, and McPherson Square Su-Th 7AM-midnight, F-Sa 7AM-3:30AM. These neighborhoods are home to some of the best restaurants, shopping, art galleries, local theaters, and nightlife in Washington.
The Metro
The Metro
And then there is the old reliable Metrobus. .It's geared towards locals and is a bit confusing since there is no central terminal, and you usually won't find a route map without actually getting on a bus!^ Actually, since any of us have lived there, there has been no gate.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

^ But the point is that they were there - so there is no need to improve anything like they want to tell you.
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is holy war, Allah will provide, and there's no centralized authority capable of saying, "No, don't do that, that's going too far."
  • Huh? Terrorists??? [Archive] - JREF Forum 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

Nonetheless, Metrobus will take you places hard to reach via Metro or the Circulator. .Most routes cost a flat fare of $1.35, and since exact change is required, it's much easier to travel with a SmarTrip card (see above).^ It basically requires people to change their attitudes, and i see that happening, albeit gradually.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much have changed since the days of the Buffalo Soldiers, including the integration of all military servicemen and women.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Despite the bus system's complexity, the following routes provide reliable and direct service along the city's most well-traveled corridors, running about every ten–twenty minutes:
.
  • 16th St Line (S2, S4, S9) [29] — north-south service on 16th St between the Silver Spring Metro Station on the Red Line and East End.^ The Strivers' Section remains remarkably intact, both architecturally and for its historical associations, and makes a significant contribution to DC. The Striver's Section Historic District is roughly bounded by Swann St., NW on the south; Florida Ave., NW on the north and west; and the 16th Street Historic District on the east.
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    ^ Columbia Heights, along 14" Street south of Mt Pleasant was platted and developed in the 1880s as the terminus of the new electric street car line running north-south on 14th St. In 1886, east of the Soldier's Home, 134 acres were subdivided as Brookland, and serviced by the B & O railroad.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lying between the north and south chambers is the central hall containing the solitary figure of Lincoln sitting in contemplation.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It's the route of choice to reach Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Fitzgerald Tennis Center, and Carter Barron Amphitheater at Rock Creek Park.
  • Massachusetts Ave Line (N2, N4, N6) [30] — runs along Massachusetts Ave between the Friendship Heights and Farragut West Metro stops.^ Metro stop: Woodley Park/Zoo.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Metro stop: Cleveland Park.
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Metro stop: Friendship Heights .
    • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The bus provides an excellent view of the 50+ embassies located along Embassy Row. It's also a good way to go from Dupont Circle to the hard to reach the National Cathedral, as well as American University.
  • U St-Garfield Line (90, 92, 93) [31] — runs a great crosstown route from the Zoo at Woodley Park through Adams Morgan/18th St, U St, Gallaudet University, and then on to Eastern Market.

By taxi

Ding dong the zone system is dead! .Taxis have switched to a sane time/distance metered system for fares, which means no more ripping off the tourists.^ Before today that law allowed to take hoodlums off the street as well as one more gun at a time.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At no time was I ever threatening, rude, mean, or anything other than polite and nice like any normal person would be.
  • Open thread 6/26 | WE Blog | Wichita Eagle Blogs 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC blogs.kansas.com [Source type: General]

Taxis cost $3.00 for the first sixth of a mile and 25¢ for each additional sixth of a mile. The maximum fare within D.C. is $19.00, excluding standard fees ($1.50/additional passenger, and a 25% fee during declared snow emergencies). .There is no rush hour fee, although meters do charge 25¢ for each minute stopped in traffic or traveling under ten mph.^ There are no fees to visit the Memorial.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because any real ex or current military members in it would take charge of it and regulate it - it's in their training to be able to take command if there is no one else to.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To try to charge attempted murder when there was no weapon was involved, and the so-called victim was released from the hospital THREE hours later and went to a school function, and has no lasting after effects is past extreme.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

.Cabs do not typically accept credit cards, so bring cash.^ All Credit cards gladly accepted.

All D.C. taxicab meters have the ability to print receipts on request.
.Taxicab drivers are required to take passengers anywhere within the Washington Metropolitan Area, although they hate going out to Maryland and Virginia.^ After World War II, there was much more decentralization of Federal agencies, many of which are now located in the regional areas of Maryland and Virginia.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When it couldn't be charged as a hate crime on technicalities (it was never reported o the cops) they had to let it go.
  • Sick, sick, sick [Archive] - SignOnSanDiego Forums 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forum.signonsandiego.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I hate people that have such a narrow view of the world that they can only take it in the most narrow minded manner-- their own.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.D.C. cab fares for interstate trips are the same as the standard rates, except that there is no maximum fare.^ I don't beleive that this ruling will positively or negatively affect the crime rate in DC. There will always be wackos and murderers in DC, no matter when.
  • D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered - D.C. Wire - 25 September 2009 13:26 UTC blog.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Please note that with the exception of rides to and from the airport, it is illegal for non-D.C. cabs to pick up passengers within the District; the same rule applies for D.C. cabs in Maryland or Virginia.^ Please note that this text-only version, provided for ease of printing and reading, includes approximately 100 pages and may take up to 30 minutes to print.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By car

Driving in D.C. is difficult. Even most Washingtonians avoid driving downtown. .Limited and expensive parking, ruthless parking enforcement, sadistic traffic circles, fines from automated red light cameras and absurd speed traps, frequent street direction changes, some of the worst congestion in the country, street closures without warning—take the Metro.^ Garrett Morgan's hand-cranked semaphore traffic management device was in use throughout North America until all manual traffic signals were replaced by the automatic red, yellow, and green-light traffic signals currently used around the world.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The Homestead (La Quinta) is located at 2700 Macomb Street and was the last country house built in Cleveland Park.
  • Washington, DC Travel Itinerary-- TEXT ONLY VERSION 21 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.cr.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]