Washington, Missouri: Wikis

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Washington, Missouri
—  City  —
Location of Washington, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°33′7″N 91°0′48″W / 38.55194°N 91.01333°W / 38.55194; -91.01333Coordinates: 38°33′7″N 91°0′48″W / 38.55194°N 91.01333°W / 38.55194; -91.01333
Country United States
State Missouri
County Franklin
Area
 - Total 9.0 sq mi (23.4 km2)
 - Land 8.5 sq mi (22.1 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation 551 ft (168 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 13,243
 Density 1,548.9/sq mi (598.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63090
Area code(s) 636
FIPS code 29-77416[1]
GNIS feature ID 0731664[2]
Downtown Washington at dusk, as seen from its Missouri River dock and park.

Washington is a city on the Missouri River in Franklin County, Missouri, United States. The population was 13,243 at the 2000 census. It is the corncob pipe capital of the world, with Missouri Meerschaum located in Washington.

Contents

Geography

Washington is located at 38°33′7″N 91°0′48″W / 38.55194°N 91.01333°W / 38.55194; -91.01333 (38.551879, -91.013313)[3]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.4 km²), of which, 8.6 square miles (22.1 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²) of it (5.42%) is water. The city has a mild humid subtropical climate.

History

Named after George Washington after it came under American control, the town was first settled during the rule of the Spanish Empire. It was originally called St. John's Settlement and was the site of the Spanish log fort, San Juan del Misuri (1796–1803).

Family and followers of Daniel Boone settled the area starting in 1799. In 1814 a ferry boat was licensed for crossing the Missouri River to the north and the settlement became known as Washington Landing. In 1827 a town was laid out, with sale of lots starting in 1829. The cost of land was waived if the buyer could build a substantial house within two years. This encouraged many new settlers.

Substantial numbers of anti-slavery German families started moving to the town in 1833, and they soon overwhelmed the existing population of slaveowners. Washington became a strong supporter of the Union during the American Civil War. The town was ransacked by Confederate General Sterling Price's troops, but they were unable to keep control of the area and he retreated with them to Mexico.

After the war, Washington became a railroad and steamboat transportation center. Its manufacturing industry has remained strong since that time. Washington is the location of Missouri Meerschaum, Inc., the largest factory in the world for corncob pipes.

The town of Washington has 445 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places, a state record.[citation needed] Due to its historic charm, Washington has a growing heritage tourism industry, with visitors also attracted to the nearby Missouri Rhineland.

Washington was the site for the third season of the television series Town Haul.[citation needed]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 13,243 people, 5,258 households, and 3,501 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,548.9 people per square mile (598.0/km²). There were 5,565 housing units at an average density of 650.9/sq mi (251.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.76% White, 0.85% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 5,258 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,417, and the median income for a family was $52,433. Males had a median income of $36,163 versus $23,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,360. About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Meth labs and the pseudoephedrine controversy

In July 2009 the Washington City Council took the unusual step of requiring a prescription to buy pseudoephedrine, an ingredient in numerous over-the-counter cold remedies. The move was intended to impede the production of the illegal stimulant methamphetamine in local labs. Like many rural areas in the American midwest, Franklin County has been plagued by meth labs, which often are set up in abandoned farm houses. Authorities estimated that during 2009 the number of meth labs in the county would reach 100 [4]. The move was immediately contested by the ACLU on the grounds that it could lead to widespread city-level regulation of over-the-counter medicines and exceeds a city's authority under state law.

Sister city

In 1990 Marbach am Neckar (Germany) became the sister city of Washington.[citation needed] Student exchanges and visitations between the two cities occur on a regular basis.

Notable residents

  • Jillian Grace - Playboy Playmate of the Month (March 2005), epic movie actress (played one of the pirates). Gave birth to comedian David Spade's child.
  • Jack Wagner - (born October 3, 1959 in Washington, Missouri) is an Emmy Award-nominated American actor. Roles on General Hospital and The Bold And The Beautiful. He also played a swinging doctor on Melrose Place.
  • Matt Pickens - professional soccer player that played for St. Francis Borgia High School and Missouri State University before being drafted by the Chicago Fire in 2004. He has since played overseas for Queens Park Rangers before returning to America.

References

External links

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