Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park: Wikis

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Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail
Stone-Bridge-Clarkes-Gap.jpg
Stone arch at Clarks Gap
Length 44.7 miles (71.9 km)
Location Virginia, United States
Trailheads East: Shirlington in Arlington County
West: Purcellville in Loudoun County
Use Biking
Horseback riding
Running
Hiking
Elevation Change 469 feet (143 m)
Highest Point 610 feet (190 m) at Clarks Gap
Lowest Point 141 feet (43 m) at Shirlington
Trail Difficulty Easy
Season All

The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park is a popular and unusually-shaped regional park in Northern Virginia. The park's primary feature is the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail (abbreviated as W&OD Trail), an asphalt-surfaced paved rail trail that runs through densely populated urban and suburban communities as well as through rural areas.[1][2] Most of the trail travels on top of the rail bed of the former Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, which closed in 1968.[3]

Although the park is 44.8 miles (72.1 km) long, it is only about 100 feet (30 m) wide. The rail trail is approximately 10 feet (3.0 m) wide through much of its length and is suitable for walking, running, cycling, and roller skating. A crushed bluestone surfaced bridle path travels near the paved trail in the park's last 32 miles (51 km).[4]

The Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority (NVRPA) administers and maintains the park and its trails. NVRPA keeps most of the parkland surrounding the trails in a natural state. The park authority has placed alongside the paved trail a series of mile markers and a number of interpretative exhibits that describe the historic and natural features of the park.[5][6]

The headquarters office of the park is near the east side of the trail at Smith's Switch Road near Ashburn.[7] A park rest stop is adjacent to the trail near the park's headquarters.

Contents

Trail route

W&OD Trail Elevation Map

The W&OD Trail begins near the Nauck neighborhood in the Shirlington section of Arlington County, close to the boundary between the County and the City of Alexandria.[8] The trail ends in Purcellville in western Loudoun County. Its route largely parallels the routes of the Potomac River and Virginia State Route 7 (VA Route 7).

The trail connects at its origin to the paved Four Mile Run Trail, which travels eastward through Arlington along a stream embankment to meet the Mount Vernon Trail at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, near the Potomac River.[9][10] The start of the trail is also accessible from the Shirlington exit (Exit 6) of Interstate 395 (I-395) (the Henry G. Shirley Memorial Highway).

The trail parallels the more curving and hilly Four Mile Run Trail throughout its route in Arlington.[9] Although they coincide in several locations, the two trails generally travel on opposite sides of the Run. There are no restrooms and few water fountains alongside the W&OD Trail in the County. Restrooms and additional water fountains are available near ball fields and picnic areas along the Four Mile Run Trail.

The W&OD trailhead (Mile 0) is at the intersection of South Shirlington Road and South Four Mile Run Drive.[11] The trail starts in the Atlantic Coastal Plain at the trail's lowest elevation (141 feet (43 m) above sea level.

The trail climbs 195 feet (59 m) in 5.9 miles (9.5 km) while traveling northwest through Arlington County. While in Arlington, the trail ascends through the fall line while climbing upstream in the valley of Four Mile Run. The trail crosses the Run seven times in the valley on bridges whose abutments were constructed before the Civil War by the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad, a predecessor of the W&OD Railroad.

After crossing Columbia Pike (VA Route 244), the trail enters a steeply-sloped woodland that covers both sides of the valley. Near the end of the woodland, the trail intersects the Bluemont Junction Trail, a paved rail trail that travels to Ballston on the bed of a former W&OD Railroad branch that once ran to Rosslyn and Georgetown.[12] 0.6 miles (1.0 km) past that intersection, the W&OD Trail meets the Custis Trail, which travels along Interstate 66 (I-66) between East Falls Church and Rosslyn and which provides access to Washington, D.C.[13] After joining at their intersection, the W&OD and Custis Trails share the same path as they travel northwest near an I-66 soundwall for most of their remaining courses in Arlington.

After leaving the fall line, the W&OD Trail enters the Piedmont plateau region near the west corner of the County. The trail continues to climb in the Piedmont while traveling northwest through Falls Church and Fairfax County. The trail reaches an elevation of 450 feet (140 m) at its crossing of I-66 in Fairfax County. When it reaches this point, the trail has risen 309 feet (94 m) while traveling 8.4 miles (13.5 km).

After crossing the Capital Beltway (I-495) and passing Dunn Loring, the trail begins a long descent as it travels through Vienna. After leaving Vienna, the trail continues to descend until it reaches Difficult Run (Mile 14.3), where its elevation of 240 feet (73 m) is only about 100 feet (30 m) higher than is the elevation at the trail's origin.

After the trail crosses Difficult Run, it ascends and descends between additional streams (including Sugarland Run, Broad Run, Beaverdam Run, Goose Creek, Sycolin Creek and Tuscarora Creek) as it travels further northwest in the Piedmont through or near Reston, Herndon, Sterling, Ashburn and Leesburg. When crossing Tuscarora Creek in Leesburg, the trail's elevation of 273 feet (83 m) is 63 feet (19 m) lower than the highest elevation that it reached in Arlington.

After crossing Tuscarora Creek, the trail climbs 337 feet (103 m) northwest in 6.3 miles (10.1 km) to reach its highest elevation (610 feet (190 m)) when crossing a bridge carrying VA Route 9 (Charles Town Pike) over the VA Route 7 Bypass near the saddle point of Clarks Gap in Catoctin Mountain.[14] 0.3 miles (0.48 km) before this crossing, the trail travels under an old stone arch that formerly carried VA Route 7 over the W&OD Railroad.

The trail then turns west, descends through Paeonian Springs to Hamilton Station and climbs to reach Purcellville. When the trail terminates in Purcellville, its elevation is 564 feet (172 m) above sea level.

W&OD Trail features

Feature Jurisdiction[15] Trail

Mileage [16]

Trail

Elevation[17]

Coordinates[18]
Four Mile Run Trail-W&OD Trail Connector City of Alexandria

Arlington County

---- ---- 38°50′35″N 77°04′52″W / 38.8431442°N 77.0811725°W / 38.8431442; -77.0811725 (Four Mile Run Trail/W&OD Trail Connector)
Trailhead Arlington County 0 141 feet (43 m) 38°50′39″N 77°05′09″W / 38.844245°N 77.08584°W / 38.844245; -77.08584 (Trailhead of W&OD Trail)
Crossing of Columbia Pike (VA Route 244) Arlington County 1.6 209 feet (64 m) 38°51′23″N 77°06′35″W / 38.856398°N 77.109649°W / 38.856398; -77.109649 (W&OD Trail crossing of Columbia Pike)
Overlook of Sparrow Pond wetland Arlington County 2.1 237 feet (72 m) 38°51′43″N 77°06′56″W / 38.862077°N 77.115532°W / 38.862077; -77.115532 (Sparrow Pond)
Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50) bridge over trail

and Four Mile Run

Arlington County 2.6 249 feet (76 m) 38°51′59″N 77°07′26″W / 38.866501°N 77.123769°W / 38.866501; -77.123769 (U.S. Route 50 bridge over W&OD Trail)
Carlin Springs Road bridge over trail and Four Mile Run Arlington County 3.0 232 feet (71 m) 38°52′04″N 77°07′40″W / 38.867893°N 77.127749°W / 38.867893; -77.127749 (Carlin Springs Road bridge over W&OD Trail)
Intersection with Bluemont Junction Trail Arlington County 3.3 243 feet (74 m) 38°52′19″N 77°07′56″W / 38.871832°N 77.132108°W / 38.871832; -77.132108 (Intersection of W&OD Trail and Bluemont Junction Trail)
Bluemont Junction Railroad Display and Caboose Arlington County 3.4 243 feet (74 m) 38°52′23″N 77°07′57″W / 38.87306°N 77.132564°W / 38.87306; -77.132564 (Bluemont Junction caboose)
Wilson Boulevard bridge over trail and Four Mile Run Arlington County 3.5 243 feet (74 m) 38°52′30″N 77°08′01″W / 38.875012°N 77.133618°W / 38.875012; -77.133618 (Wilson Boulevard bridge over W&OD Trailand Four Mile Run)
Intersection with Custis Trail Arlington County 3.9 272 feet (83 m) 38°52′45″N 77°08′20″W / 38.879128°N 77.13877°W / 38.879128; -77.13877 (Intersection of W&OD Trail and Custis Trail)
Brandymore Castle (rock outcrop) Arlington County 4.9 299 feet (91 m) 38°53′02″N 77°09′12″W / 38.883792°N 77.153437°W / 38.883792; -77.153437 (Brandymore Castle)
East Falls Church Metro Station Arlington County 5.3 336 feet (102 m) 38°53′10″N 77°09′25″W / 38.886072°N 77.157047°W / 38.886072; -77.157047 (East Falls Church Metro Station)
Crossing of Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) Arlington County 5.5 336 feet (102 m) 38°53′15″N 77°09′44″W / 38.8874°N 77.16217°W / 38.8874; -77.16217 (Crossing of W&OD Trail and Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29))
Former site of Falls Church W&OD Railroad station Arlington County 5.6 336 feet (102 m) 38°53′14″N 77°09′45″W / 38.887358°N 77.162631°W / 38.887358; -77.162631 (Site of Falls Church station of W&OD Railroad)
Elevated W&OD Railroad siding Arlington County 5.6 336 feet (102 m) 38°53′15″N 77°09′47″W / 38.88745°N 77.163076°W / 38.88745; -77.163076 (Elevated W&OD Railroad siding)
Crossing of Little Falls Road Arlington County 5.9 325 feet (99 m) 38°53′18″N 77°09′57″W / 38.888313°N 77.165928°W / 38.888313; -77.165928 (Crossing of W&OD Trail and Little Falls Road)
W&OD Railroad station mile marker post City of Falls Church 5.9 325 feet (99 m) 38°53′18″N 77°09′59″W / 38.888471°N 77.166426°W / 38.888471; -77.166426 (W&OD Railroad station mile marker post)
Former site of West Falls Church W&OD Railroad station City of Falls Church 6.9 388 feet (118 m) 38°53′30″N 77°11′07″W / 38.891649°N 77.185226°W / 38.891649; -77.185226 (Site of West Falls Church station of W&OD Railroad)
Trail bridge over West Broad Street (VA Route 7) City of Falls Church 7.0 388 feet (118 m) 38°53′30″N 77°11′09″W / 38.891768°N 77.185972°W / 38.891768; -77.185972 (W&OD Trail bridge over West Broad Street (VA Route 7))
Trail and Virginia Lane bridge

over I-66 and Washington Metro

Fairfax County 8.4 453 feet (138 m) 38°53′28″N 77°12′38″W / 38.890995°N 77.2106°W / 38.890995; -77.2106 (Virginia Lane bridge over I-66 and Metrorail)
Trail bridge over I-495 (Capital Beltway) Fairfax County 8.9 417 feet (127 m) 38°53′26″N 77°13′04″W / 38.890478°N 77.217863°W / 38.890478; -77.217863 (W&OD Trail bridge over I-495 (Capital Beltway))
Sandburg Street, Dunn Loring Fairfax County 9.1 417 feet (127 m) 38°53′30″N 77°13′20″W / 38.8916257°N 77.2223264°W / 38.8916257; -77.2223264 (Sandburg Street (Dunn Loring))
Washington-Virginia Railway bridge abutments Town of Vienna 10.4 447 feet (136 m) 38°54′00″N 77°14′45″W / 38.89988°N 77.245718°W / 38.89988; -77.245718 (Washington-Virginia Railway bridge abutments)
Freeman Store and Museum Town of Vienna 11.6 376 feet (115 m) 38°54′12″N 77°15′54″W / 38.903357°N 77.265113°W / 38.903357; -77.265113 (Freeman Store and Museum)
Vienna Caboose and Museum Town of Vienna 11.7 376 feet (115 m) 38°54′13″N 77°15′57″W / 38.903608°N 77.265708°W / 38.903608; -77.265708 (Vienna Caboose and Museum)
Vienna W&OD Railroad Station and model railroad Town of Vienna 11.8 349 feet (106 m) 38°54′15″N 77°16′01″W / 38.904142°N 77.266974°W / 38.904142; -77.266974 (Vienna W&OD Railroad Station and model railroad)
Trail bridge over Piney Branch Fairfax County 13.6 260 feet (79 m) 38°55′32″N 77°17′18″W / 38.925642°N 77.288381°W / 38.925642; -77.288381 (W&OD Trail bridge over Piney Branch)
Trail bridge over Difficult Run Fairfax County 14.3 240 feet (73 m) 38°55′51″N 77°17′54″W / 38.930942°N 77.29834°W / 38.930942; -77.29834 (W&OD Trail Bridge over Difficult Run)
Dulles Access Road and Dulles Toll Road

(VA Route 267) bridges over trail

Fairfax County 16.1 354 feet (108 m) 38°56′41″N 77°19′32″W / 38.944607°N 77.325618°W / 38.944607; -77.325618 (Dulles Access Road and Dulles Toll Road bridges over W&OD Trail)
Sunset Hills W&OD Railroad Station, Reston Fairfax County 17.7 379 feet (116 m) 38°57′21″N 77°21′06″W / 38.955869°N 77.351789°W / 38.955869; -77.351789 (Sunset Hills W&OD Railroad Station)
Intersection with trail to Reston Town Center Fairfax County 18.2 408 feet (124 m) 38°57′23″N 77°21′41″W / 38.956347°N 77.361318°W / 38.956347; -77.361318 (Intersection of W&OD Trail and trail to Reston Town Center)
Intersection with trail to Fairfax County Parkway Trail Fairfax County 18.6 386 feet (118 m) 38°57′28″N 77°22′06″W / 38.957696°N 77.368381°W / 38.957696; -77.368381 (Intersection of W&OD Trail and trail to Fairfax County Parkway Trail)
Sugarland Run culvert Town of Herndon 18.8 376 feet (115 m) 38°57′35″N 77°22′16″W / 38.9596028°N 77.3711514°W / 38.9596028; -77.3711514 (Sugarland Run culvert)
Herndon W&OD Railroad Station and Museum Town of Herndon 19.9 373 feet (114 m) 38°58′13″N 77°23′09″W / 38.970174°N 77.385716°W / 38.970174; -77.385716 (Herndon W&OD Railroad Station and Museum)
Herndon Caboose Town of Herndon 20.0 373 feet (114 m) 38°58′15″N 77°23′10″W / 38.970733°N 77.386073°W / 38.970733; -77.386073 (Herndon Caboose)
West Church Road bridge over trail, Sterling Loudoun County 23.3 317 feet (97 m) 39°00′19″N 77°25′40″W / 39.0053911°N 77.4278775°W / 39.0053911; -77.4278775 (W. Church Street Underpass (Sterling))
Trail bridge over Sully Road (VA Route 28) (viewpoint) Loudoun County 23.9 299 feet (91 m) 39°00′41″N 77°26′00″W / 39.011481°N 77.433336°W / 39.011481; -77.433336 (W&OD Trail bridge over Sulley Road (VA Route 28))
Trail bridge over Broad Run Loudoun County 24.6 269 feet (82 m) 39°01′06″N 77°26′42″W / 39.01845°N 77.444923°W / 39.01845; -77.444923 (W&OD Trail bridge over Broad Run)
W&OD Regional Park Headquarters, Ashburn Loudoun County 25.8 261 feet (80 m) 39°01′38″N 77°27′39″W / 39.02736°N 77.46082°W / 39.02736; -77.46082 (W&OD Regional Park Headquarters, Ashburn)
Smiths Switch Station rest stop, Ashburn Loudoun County 25.8 261 feet (80 m) 39°01′39″N 77°27′37″W / 39.027615°N 77.460367°W / 39.027615; -77.460367 (Smiths Switch Station rest stop, Ashburn)
Trail bridge over Beaverdam Run Loudoun County 26.2 261 feet (80 m) 39°01′55″N 77°28′02″W / 39.031905°N 77.467293°W / 39.031905; -77.467293 (W&OD Trail bridge over Beaverdam Run)
Overlook of Luck Stone Quarry Loudoun County 29.6 309 feet (94 m) 39°04′03″N 77°31′03″W / 39.0673679°N 77.5174338°W / 39.0673679; -77.5174338 (W&OD Trail overlook of Luck Stone Quarry)
Trail bridge over Goose Creek Loudoun County 30.1 286 feet (87 m) 39°04′10″N 77°31′10″W / 39.0695212°N 77.5195795°W / 39.0695212; -77.5195795 (W&OD Trail bridge over Goose Creek)
Entrance to Two Creeks Trail Area Loudoun County 30.2 286 feet (87 m) 39°04′14″N 77°31′14″W / 39.0705874°N 77.5206256°W / 39.0705874; -77.5206256 (Entrance to Two Creeks Trail Area)
Trail bridge over Sycolin Creek Loudoun County 30.4 271 feet (83 m) 39°04′20″N 77°31′29″W / 39.0723324°N 77.524707°W / 39.0723324; -77.524707 (W&OD Trail bridge over Sycolin Creek)
Pleasant View Substation of Dominion Virginia Power Loudoun County 30.8 306 feet (93 m) 39°04′38″N 77°31′46″W / 39.07718°N 77.529472°W / 39.07718; -77.529472 (Pleasant View substation of Dominion Virginia Power)
Trail bridge over Tuscarora Creek Town of Leesburg 32.2 273 feet (83 m) 39°05′44″N 77°32′32″W / 39.0955799°N 77.5422549°W / 39.0955799; -77.5422549 (W&OD Trail bridge over Tuscarora Creek)
VA Route 7 Bypass/U.S. Route 15 Bypass bridges

over trail

Town of Leesburg 33.0 286 feet (87 m) 39°06′01″N 77°32′59″W / 39.100376°N 77.549829°W / 39.100376; -77.549829 (VA Route 7/U.S. Route 15 bridges over W&OD Trail)
19th century lime kiln Town of Leesburg 34.1 326 feet (99 m) 39°06′35″N 77°33′40″W / 39.109596°N 77.561014°W / 39.109596; -77.561014 (19th century lime kiln)
Crossing of Harrison Street SE Town of Leesburg 34.3 330 feet (100 m) 39°06′37″N 77°33′48″W / 39.1104°N 77.563198°W / 39.1104; -77.563198 (Crossing of W&OD Trail and Harrison Street SE)
Crossing of S. King Street (U.S. Route 15 (Business)) Town of Leesburg 34.4 330 feet (100 m) 39°06′43″N 77°33′58″W / 39.111986°N 77.566137°W / 39.111986; -77.566137 (Crossing of W&OD Trail and S. King Street (U.S. Route 15 (Business))
Trail bridge over VA Route 7 Bypass Town of Leesburg 35.5 405 feet (123 m) 39°06′37″N 77°35′16″W / 39.11035°N 77.587756°W / 39.11035; -77.587756 (W&OD Trail bridge over VA Route 7 Bypass)
Stone arch over trail at Clarks Gap Loudoun County 38.2 574 feet (175 m) 39°08′22″N 77°36′39″W / 39.13957°N 77.610887°W / 39.13957; -77.610887 (Stone arch over W&OD Trail at Clarks Gap)
Trail and VA Route 9 (Charles Town Pike) bridge

over VA Route 7 Bypass at Clarks Gap

Loudoun County 38.5 610 feet (190 m)[19] 39°08′27″N 77°36′45″W / 39.1409245°N 77.6123893°W / 39.1409245; -77.6123893 (VA State Route 9 bridge over VA Route 7 Bypass)
Clarks Gap passenger shelter (relocated),

Paeonian Springs

Loudoun County 39.2 562 feet (171 m) 39°08′52″N 77°37′10″W / 39.147768°N 77.619438°W / 39.147768; -77.619438 (Clarks Gap passenger shelter (relocated))
Hamilton W&OD Railroad Station Loudoun County 40.9 472 feet (144 m) 39°08′39″N 77°39′05″W / 39.144091°N 77.651303°W / 39.144091; -77.651303 (Hamilton W&OD Railroad Station)
VA Route 7 Bypass bridges over trail

and Berlin Turnpike (VA Route 287)

Loudoun County 43.2 554 feet (169 m) 39°08′40″N 77°41′30″W / 39.1445587°N 77.6916969°W / 39.1445587; -77.6916969 (Berlin Turnpike (VA Route 287) underpass of VA Route 7 Bypass)
Purcellville W&OD Railroad Station Town of Purcellville 44.8 564 feet (172 m) 39°08′18″N 77°42′58″W / 39.138441°N 77.716116°W / 39.138441; -77.716116 (Purcellville W&OD Railroad Station)
End of trail Town of Purcellville 44.8 564 feet (172 m) 39°08′19″N 77°42′59″W / 39.138515°N 77.716277°W / 39.138515; -77.716277 (End of W&OD Trail)

History of the regional park

When the W&OD Railroad closed in 1968, its 100-foot (30 m) wide right-of-way extended from Potomac Yard in Alexandria to the center of Purcellville. Soon after the railroad closed, the Virginia Department of Highways purchased the railroad's property from the line's owner, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, with the intent of using a portion of the right-of-way for the construction of I-66.[20][21 ] Shortly thereafter, the Virginia Electric and Power Company (part of which was incorporated into Dominion Virginia Power in 2000[22]) purchased most of the property from the highway department, as the company's electric power transmission lines were travelling within the right-of-way.[23]

The first portion of the W&OD Trail opened in 1974 within the City of Falls Church under a lease agreement between the City government, the power company and NVRPA.[24] As the trail proved to be popular, NVRPA purchased this and additional segments of the right-of-way from the power company between 1978 and 1982.[25] The power company retained an easement that permitted the company to maintain its lines and to extend them along the right-of-way if needed.

NVRPA was not able to acquire from the power company the portion of the right-of-way that lay within the City of Alexandria. NVRPA also could not acquire the portion of right-of-way that the highway department had retained for construction of I-66 near East Falls Church in Arlington and various portions of the right-of-way that contained existing or potential highway crossings.

NVRPA extended the trail east and west of Falls Church as it acquired portions of the right-of-way.[26] In 1987, the National Park Service designated the trail as a National Recreation Trail.[27] The trail reached Purcellville in 1988.[26] After encountering opposition from the public because of its potential environmental impacts, the final section of the trail opened in and near Arlington's Bluemont Park in 2002.[28][29][30]

On October 20, 2007, construction began for a paved trail that would connect the W&OD Trail at its origin with the Four Mile Run Trail by traveling for 3,000 feet (910 m) along a bank of the Run while passing beneath the Shirley Highway (I-395) in Alexandria and West Glebe Road in Arlington.[31] On May 30, 2009, a ribbon-cutting ceremony heralded the completion and opening of the connecting trail.[10][32]

Historic structures in the regional park

The park and its immediate surroundings contain a number of historic structures, some of which date to the pre-Civil War period.[21 ] Most of these structures are railroad remnants, including intact stations[33] at Vienna[34], Sunset Hills, Herndon[35], Hamilton[36] and Purcellville[37][38], stone arches and culverts, the piers and abutments of bridges, and a relocated passenger shelter (formerly at Clarks Gap; now at Paeonian Springs).[39]

Part of the reinforced concrete floor of a brick electrical substation that the railroad constructed in 1912 to help supply power to its new electric locomotives and trolley cars is visible in Arlington County's Bluemont Junction Railroad Display south of Wilson Boulevard.[40][41] The floor is located in the space between a soccer field and a Southern Railway caboose.[42]

A partially intact elevated railroad siding remains visible south of the W&OD Trail on private property west of the trail's crossing of Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) in Arlington. The siding was once adjacent to the west side of the railroad's Falls Church (East Falls Church) station, which was dismantled after the railroad closed.

A white metallic marker post lettered in black with the words "Station 1 Mile" stands on the north side of the trail west of Little Falls Road near the boundary between Arlington and Falls Church. This post, which once stood next to the W&OD Railroad's tracks, is one mile (1.6 km) east of the site of the railroad's demolished West Falls Church Station.[43] The station was located near the east side of the railroad's crossing of W. Broad Street (VA Route 7) in Falls Church.

Concrete abutment of the bridge that carried the Washington-Virginia Railway over the W&OD Railroad near the east end of Vienna

Near the east end of Vienna, the poured concrete abutment of a bridge that carried an interurban trolley line, the Washington-Virginia Railway, over the W&OD Railroad remains on the north side of the trail.[44] An inscription showing the month and year of the abutment's construction (July 1904) is visible on the structure's east side.

The trail crosses Goose Creek in Loudoun County on a span that NVRPA built on top of the piers and abutments of the highest and longest (268 feet (82 m)) bridge that the railroad constructed within the present boundaries of the regional park.[45][46] Visitors can view these remnants and the intact span, pier and abutments of the railroad's deck girder bridge over Sycolin Creek from unpaved paths that travel between the streams in NVRPA's Two Creeks Trail Area on the north side of the trail.[47][48][49].

The Sycolin Creek bridge bears the only remaining span that once carried trains of the W&OD Railroad. As the trail travels on the concrete deck of the bridge, visitors can only see the span and the structures below if they leave the trail.

The piers and abutments of the railroad's bridge over Tuscarora Creek are visible south of the trail near the east end of Leesburg. The bridge was the second longest (149 feet (45 m)) that the railroad built within the present boundaries of the regional park.[46] The piers and abutments are the only ones along the trail's route that do not presently support a bridge.

Remnants of the facilities of a 19th century lime company are visible in Leesburg on the northeast side of the trail, southeast of Harrison Street SE. Limestone (calcium carbonate) from a company quarry was mixed with coal and burned in a nearby kiln that was adjacent to the railroad's tracks. Quicklime (calcium oxide) was brought out of the kiln through two arched openings that visitors can see from the trail. The company supplied farmers with fertilizer (agricultural lime) and provided builders with plaster for walls and stone for roads.[50]

Near the saddle point of Clarks Gap, a stone arch crosses over the trail. Constructed around 1867-1868 soon after the end of the Civil War, the masonry arch once carried the original VA Route 7 over the railroad's tracks at the railroad's highest point.[51][52] The arch now carries Dry Mill Road (VA Route 699) over the trail.

A registration form prepared to support the nomination of the park for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places contains an in-depth description of the park's historical resources and of the railroad's history, as well as maps that show the locations of the park's major historical features.[53] The form states that the park is eligible for listing on the Register because its property "is associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history."[54]

Displays and museums along the W&OD Trail

The Norfolk Southern Railway and its predecessors have donated three cabooses for display along the W&OD Trail.[55] While none of these resemble the cabooses that once travelled along the route of the W&OD Railroad, two of the three cars house exhibits of materials relating to the W&OD Railroad and Trail.

A Southern Railway bay window caboose within the Bluemont Junction Railroad Display in Arlington exhibits photographs, maps and other information related to the County's railroads and trolleys.[56][57] Staffed by a County park ranger, the caboose is open to the public on weekend afternoons from May through October.[58] The display also contains outdoor signage and photographs that describe and illustrate the history of the W&OD Railroad and of its junction that once operated at the site of the exhibit.

A cupola caboose near the Trail in Vienna Centennial Park contains a museum that houses materials that the W&OD Railroad once used.[59] Staffed by members of the Vienna Optimist Club and bearing on its sides the name "WASHINGTON & OLD DOMINION", the caboose is open to the public during the afternoons on selected weekends and holidays.[60]

The Freeman Store in Vienna houses a museum of the town's history.[61] The museum contains maps, books and other materials that relate to the W&OD Railroad. Operated by Historic Vienna, Inc., the museum is open to the public during the afternoons of each week from Wednesdays through Sundays.[62]

The W&OD Railroad station in Vienna houses a museum and a model railroad layout. Operated by the Northern Virginia Model Railroaders, Inc., the museum displays materials that the W&OD Railroad once used and a model of the station as it appeared when steam locomotives stopped at the station. The model railroad and museum is open to the public during the afternoon of one Saturday of each month except June and August.[63]

An overlook at the Luck Stone Quarry east of Goose Creek displays a large trap rock quarry.[64][65] This mineral provides bulk for concrete and macadam.

The W&OD Railroad station in Herndon houses a museum and a visitor center that the Herndon Historical Society, Inc., operates. The museum displays photographs and newspaper articles relating to the history of the Town of Herndon and the W&OD Railroad. The museum also contains materials that the railroad once used. The museum additionally contains information about the history of a nearby Norfolk Southern Railway cupola caboose whose sides bore the name and logo of the W&OD Railroad and the number 504 in 2008.[66] The station is open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., except on Thanksgiving and Christmas.[67]

Natural resources of the regional park

Most of the landscaping in the park is left in a natural state to preserve green space and to provide wildlife habitat.[5] Some natural areas within the park are contiguous to larger natural areas in adjacent public parks, including those in and around the Sparrow Pond wetland,[68][69] Brandymore Castle[70] and Four Mile Run[71] in Arlington, Piney Branch and Difficult Run in Fairfax County,[72] and the confluence of Goose Creek and Sycolin Creek in Loudoun County.[73]

Park interpreters, local teachers, environmental groups and amateur naturalists use the park as a resource for plant and animal study. These groups have identified approximately 450 species of wildflowers and more than 100 species of birds in the park. Wildlife in the park includes mammals such as foxes, river otters and beavers, and reptiles such as turtles and snakes. A variety of hawks and owls and other resident, non-resident and migratory birds, both upland and aquatic, find habitat in the park.[5]

Transmission lines in the regional park

The W&OD Trail lies beneath a set of electric power transmission lines between its trailhead and Dominion Virginia Power's Pleasant View Substation in Loudoun County southeast of Leesburg. The power company removes trees along this section of the trail to protect its lines, at times eliciting protests from members of the public and elected officials in the impacted jurisdictions.[74] Trees shade much of the remainder of the trail.

In 2004, Dominion Virginia Power announced plans to extend its transmission lines in Loudoun County above ground from the Pleasant View Substation northwestward along the route of the W&OD Trail.[75] In response, the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors unanimously adopted on November 15, 2005, a resolution of continued opposition to the installation of the proposed lines. The resolution also called for continued support of underground construction as the preferred method of installation.[76]

Citing the impending loss of trees along its trail, the NVRPA asked the public on December 13, 2005, to oppose the transmission line project in hearings that the Virginia State Corporation Commission (SCC) was planning to conduct on the proposed project.[77] During 2005, 2006 and 2007, the NVRPA submitted testimony and briefs to the SCC that opposed the construction of aboveground transmission lines along the route of the trail.[78]

The SCC nevertheless approved on February 15, 2008, a transmission line route that would travel above ground for 1.8 miles (2.9 km) along a wooded portion of the W&OD Trail between Leesburg and Clarks Gap.[79][80] Less than three weeks later, on March 4 and March 5, 2008, the Senate and the House of Delegates of the Virginia General Assembly unanimously passed emergency legislation that ordered the SCC to approve the underground construction of the line along that section of the trail as part of a state-wide pilot program for the development of such types of transmission lines. Sponsored by Delegate Joe T. May (Republican - Loudoun),[81] the legislation exempted the project from any requirements for further SCC analyses relating to the impacts of the route, including environmental impacts and impacts upon historical resources.[82] The legislation went into effect when Virginia Governor Tim Kaine approved it on April 2, 2008.[83] The NVRPA expects the project to result in a significant loss of trees, as the power company plans to dig trenches on each side of the paved trail while installing duct banks to house its conduits.[84]

On November 13, 2009, NVRPA, in cooperation with Dominion Virginia Power, announced a detour of the W&OD Trail between mile markers 36 and 38, beginning in mid-December, 2009, to enable Dominion to bury the transmission line under the trail. The affected portion of the trail is 1.8 miles (2.9 km) long, and the detour route is 2 miles (3.2 km) long. The affected area is just west of Leesburg, starting at milepost 36, approximately 0.6 miles (1.0 km) west of the Route 7 trail crossing. The detour will begin parallel to the trail, then cross private property and eventually merge with Cannongate Drive for approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km). The detour then twists back out to run parallel with the trail, then eventually merges back with the normal route just prior to the Route 9 intersection. Segments of the detour trail are sloped. In addition, approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) is shared on-road, and the detour is a single trail shared by cyclists, equestrians, skaters and hikers.[85][86]

Notes

  1. ^ Description and map of W&OD Trail in NVRPA "Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park" marker at trailhead of W&OD Trail in Shirlington in Arlington County, Virginia. Photographs and description of marker in "Washington and Old Dominion Trail" marker page in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  2. ^ Uenuma, F., "A Long Journey on the Trail: The W&OD Is Park, Path and Community, And Paul McCray Has Been the Man in Charge", Washington Post, June 19, 2008, Loudoun Extra, p. LZ12 "in" Washington Post official website Accessed June 20, 2008.
  3. ^ History of W&OD Railroad in NVRPA "Tracks into History" marker at trailhead of W&OD Trail in Shirlington in Arlington County, Virginia. Photographs and description of marker in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  4. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 2, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 7 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 24, 2008
  5. ^ a b c Direct Testimony of Paul E. McCray, page 6, in NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005, Part 1 of 5, page 37 of 59; obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 21, 2008
  6. ^ Photographs and descriptions of some, but not all, NVRPA exhibits along the W&OD Trail are included in the "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  7. ^ Washington & Old Dominion Regional Park page on Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority official website. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  8. ^ History of the Nauck neighborhood in NVRPA's "Nauck: A Neighborhood History" marker at trailhead of W&OD Trail in Shirlington in Arlington County, Virginia, in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  9. ^ a b "W&OD TRAIL" and "FOUR MILE RUN TRAIL" in "Arlington County 2005 Small Bike Map" in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 11, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Announcement of May 30, 2009, ribbon-cutting ceremony commemorating the completion of a trail extension linking the W&OD Trail at its origin with the Four Mile Run Trail: News Release, May 26, 2009: Arlington Enhances Scenic Four Mile Run Trail with New Extension in Arlington County Government official website Accessed May 28, 2009.
  11. ^ Photographs and description of the area and markers at the W&OD Trail's trailhead in "Washington and Old Dominion Trail" marker page in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  12. ^ "BLUEMONT JUNCTION TRAIL" and "W&OD TRAIL" in "Arlington County 2005 Small Bike Map" in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 11, 2008.
  13. ^ "CUSTIS TRAIL" and "W&OD TRAIL" in "Arlington County 2005 Small Bike Map" in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 11, 2008.
  14. ^ U.S. Geological Survey topographic map of Clarks Gap from website of TopoQuest. Accessed October 8, 2009.
  15. ^ Jurisdictions from "Map of the W&OD" page in The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail official website. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  16. ^ Mileages from "Map of the W&OD" page in The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail official website. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  17. ^ Height above sea level in feet at nearest 0.5 mileage marker from first table in "W & OD Trail Elevations" page in The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail official website. Accessed October 2, 2009.
  18. ^ Coordinates from WikiMapia
  19. ^ Height above sea level from graphic map in "W & OD Trail Elevations" page in The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail official website. Accessed October 2, 2009.
  20. ^ Harwood, H.H., Jr. (2000), Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847-1968, 3rd edition, pub. by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Fairfax Station, VA, pp. 102-103 in Appendix K of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 5 of 5, pages 85-86 of 144); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  21. ^ a b Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 4, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 9 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 25, 2008.
  22. ^ Dominion History in Dominion official website Accessed April 22, 2008.
  23. ^ Harwood, H.H., Jr. (2000), Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847-1968, 3rd edition, pub. by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Fairfax Station, VA, page 103 in Appendix K of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 5 of 5, page 86 of 144); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  24. ^ Harwood, H.H., Jr. (2000), Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847-1968, 3rd edition, pub. by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Fairfax Station, VA, page 108 in Appendix K of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 5 of 5, page 91 of 144); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  25. ^ "Washington and Old Dominion Trail" marker page in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Accessed April 22, 2008.
  26. ^ a b Harwood, H.H., Jr. (2000), Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847-1968, 3rd edition, pub. by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Fairfax Station, VA, page 109 in Appendix K of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 5 of 5, page 92 of 144); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  27. ^ Washington and Old Dominion in National Recreation Trails Database in American Trails official website Accessed April 22, 2008
  28. ^ "BCA Opposes Bypass Trail Plan" in Bluemont Civic Association newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1999 Accessed April 22, 2008.
  29. ^ The final section of the W&OD Trail connected the portion of the trail that is south of Carlin Springs Road to the portion of the trail that is north of the trail's intersection with the Bluemont Junction Trail. The section travels through Arlington's Bluemont Park when approaching the bridge that carries Carlin Springs Road over the trail and Four Mile Run: Memorandum to The County Board of Arlington County, Virginia from William T. Donahue, County Manager, October 4, 2000: "Approval of License Agreement With Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority (NVRPA) to Construct and Maintain a Section of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail Along with Related Improvements On County Owned Property (Bluemont Park) for the Public’s Use" in Arlington County Government official website Accessed April 22, 2008.
  30. ^ A ribbon-cutting ceremony for the new W&OD Trail section in and near Bluemont Park took place on May 11, 2002: "Washington & Old Dominion Trail Ribbon Cutting and Tree Planting, 9:30 a.m." in News Release, April 29, 2002: Arlington to Celebrate Sixth Annual Neighborhood Day May 11 in Arlington County Government official website Accessed April 22, 2008.
  31. ^ News Release, October 20, 2007: Arlington Kicks Off Work on New Four Mile Run Trail in Arlington County Government official website Accessed May 28, 2009.
  32. ^ Four Mile Run-Area Connector Trail Officially Debuts in website of Sun Gazette, October 30, 2009. Accessed June 1, 2009.
  33. ^ "Stations Still Standing" in "Remembering The W&OD Railroad" page of "The W&OD Trail" website. Accessed March 28, 2008.
  34. ^ NVRPA "Vienna Station" marker near Vienna Station of W&OD Railroad in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  35. ^ NVRPA "Herndon Station" marker near Herndon Station of W&OD Railroad in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  36. ^ Photograph of Hamilton W&OD Railroad Station after closing in Potomac River Greenways website (website under construction) Accessed April 2, 2008.
  37. ^ Purcellville Train Station in Town of Purcellville, Virginia, official website Accessed April 2, 2008.
  38. ^ Preserving the Train Depot in Purcellville Preservation Association official website Accessed April 2, 2008.
  39. ^ The NVRPA relocated the intact Clarks Gap (Clarkes Gap) passenger shelter of the W&OD Railroad to the former site of the railroad's demolished Paeonian Springs station (see Paeonian Springs Station on Paul McCray's website: "Washington & Old Dominion Railroad,1847 to 1968: A Photographic History" Accessed April 2, 2008.). A photograph entitled "Marker in front of the Shelter Along the Trail" pictures the shelter in a web page that describes NVRPA's "Paeonian Springs Station" marker (in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website) Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  40. ^ Harwood, H.H., Jr. (2000), Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847-1968, 3rd edition, pub. by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Fairfax Station, VA (description and photograph of electrical substation at Bluemont Junction on pp. 48 and 115) in Appendix K of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (description and photograph of electrical substation at Bluemont Junction in Part 5 of 5, pp. 31 and 97 of 144); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed April 22, 2008
  41. ^ "Power House" in display sign illustrating Bluemont Junction between W&OD Trail and substation floor
  42. ^ Coordinates of electrical substation floor in Bluemont Junction Railroad Display: 38°52′23″N 77°07′57″W / 38.872958°N 77.132521°W / 38.872958; -77.132521 (Electrical substation floor in Bluemont Junction Railroad Display)
  43. ^ "West Falls Church Station" marker at former site of West Falls Church station of W&OD Railroad in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  44. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 5, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 11 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 25, 2008
  45. ^ Williams, A.W. (1970), The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, Meridian Sun Press, Alexandria, VA (description and 1960 photograph of Goose Creek bridge in Appendix II, Bridges and Structures)
  46. ^ a b Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 5, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 11 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 25, 2008.
  47. ^ Two Creeks Trail Area page on Piedmont Environmental Council official website. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  48. ^ Coordinates of path to view of piers and abutments of former railroad bridge over Goose Creek: 39°04′13″N 77°31′11″W / 39.070379°N 77.519703°W / 39.070379; -77.519703 (Trail to view of piers and abutments of former railroad bridge over Goose Creek); Coordinates of path to view of span, piers and abutments of former railroad bridge over Sycolin Creek: 39°04′18″N 77°31′17″W / 39.071604°N 77.521259°W / 39.071604; -77.521259 (Trail to view of span, piers and abutments of former railroad bridge over Sycolin Creek)
  49. ^ Williams, A.W. (1970), The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, Meridian Sun Press, Alexandria, VA (description and 1972 photograph of Sycolin Creek bridge in Appendix II, Bridges and Structures)
  50. ^ NVRPA "The Leesburg Lime Company" marker at site of lime kiln in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved April 3, 2008.
  51. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, Section 7, Page 5, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 11 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 24, 2008.
  52. ^ NVRPA "Clarkes Gap" marker at former site of Clarkes Gap (Clarks Gap) station of W&OD Railroad in "Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers" series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  53. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, pages 1-46 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 24, 2008
  54. ^ Neville, Ashley M., National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Historic District (Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) No. 053-0276), Gray & Pape, Inc., Richmond, Virginia, July 25, 2000, page 3, in Appendix J of NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005 (Part 4 of 5, page 3 of 64); obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 24, 2008
  55. ^ "A Quartet of Cabooses" in "Remembering The W&OD Railroad" page of "The W&OD Trail" website. Accessed January 13, 2010.
  56. ^ Bluemont Junction Caboose in Arlington County, Virginia, Department of Parks, Recreation and Cultural Resources official website Accessed March 28, 2008.
  57. ^ Photograph of Southern Railway caboose in Bluemont Junction Railroad Display in Swart, R. "Arlington History Ride: A Self-Guided Tour of Arlington, Virginia, USA, for Bikers and Hikers" (2007 version) on Barcroft School and Civic League, Inc. official website Accessed April 2, 2008.
  58. ^ Signs on wall and window of caboose in Bluemont Junction Railroad Display, May 2008
  59. ^ Vienna Centennial Park marker page with photographs of caboose in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  60. ^ W&OD Trail Caboose Museum booklet, April 4, 2004, with photograph of caboose on Optimist Club of Vienna, Virginia official website. Accessed March 28, 2008
  61. ^ Freeman Store and Museum marker page in Virginia Civil War Trails Markers series in HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database official website Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  62. ^ Official website of Historic Vienna, Inc. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  63. ^ Northern Virginia Model Railroaders, Inc. home page Accessed March 28, 2008.
  64. ^ Paul McCray (former Manager, W&OD Regional Park) discussing Luck Stone Quarry overlook in Uenuma, F, "Two Decades Along the W&OD Trail", Washington Post video in Washington Post official site. Accessed June 20, 2008.
  65. ^ Leesburg Plant page on Luck Stone Construction Aggregates official website Accessed March 17, 2008.
  66. ^ Photograph of Herndon Caboose, by Richard A. Lipsky, Washington Post, Slide number 3 in Slideshow, in Fisher, M, "Slight Gap Where the Sidewalk Ends", Washington Post, Prince George's Extra section, Thursday, April 24, 2008, Page PG27. Accessed April 29, 2008.
  67. ^ Official website of Herndon Historical Society, Inc. Accessed September 18, 2008.
  68. ^ "DEDICATION CEREMONY FOR SPARROW POND WETLAND SET FOR AUG. 24" in August 23, 2002, "News" page on Arlington County, Virginia, official website. Accessed March 17, 2008.
  69. ^ Thurston, Steve, "Sparrow Pond Deluxe: Sparrow Pond Dredging and the Unfortunate Beavers" in The Buckingham Herald Tribblog April 4, 2007. Accessed May 21, 2008.
  70. ^ "Brandymore Castle" on "Neighborhoods, boundary stones, and roadways" page of Arlington Historical Society official website
  71. ^ Coordinates of natural area near W&OD Trail and Four Mile Run in Glencarlyn Park in Arlington County: 38°51′42″N 77°07′08″W / 38.861582°N 77.118831°W / 38.861582; -77.118831 (Natural area in Glencarlyn Park)
  72. ^ Coordinates of natural area near W&OD Trail and Piney Branch in Clarks Crossing Park in Fairfax County: 38°55′26″N 77°17′20″W / 38.923793°N 77.288926°W / 38.923793; -77.288926 (Natural area in Clarks Crossing Park)
  73. ^ Coordinates of natural area near W&OD Trail and the confluence of Goose Creek and Sycolin Creek in Two Creeks Trail Area in Loudoun County: 39°04′15″N 77°31′08″W / 39.070737°N 77.518898°W / 39.070737; -77.518898 (Natural area near confluence of Goose Creek and Sycolin Creek)
  74. ^ Joint Board Matter, Chairman Connolly, Supervisors Smyth and Hudgins, Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, pertaining to clearance of vegetation near W&OD Trail, July 26, 2004 on Fairfax County Government official website Accessed March 20, 2007.
  75. ^ "Western Loudoun 230 kV Transmission Line Update, October 5, 2004" slideshow on Dominion Virginia Power official website Accessed January 13, 2010.
  76. ^ "Powerline Proposals Affecting Loudoun" on Loudoun County government official website Accessed March 20, 2008.
  77. ^ December 13, 2005, NVRPA open letter asking public to oppose transmission line project on W&OD Trail in Loudoun County on MORE - Mid Atlantic Off Road Enthusiasts official website Accessed March 20, 2008
  78. ^ NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - PRE-FILED DIRECT TESTIMONY OF MR. HAFNER, MR. MCCRAY AND MR. SIMMONS, November 30, 2005; NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - POST HEARING BRIEF, September 18, 2006; NORTHERN VIRGINIA REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY - DIRECT TESTIMONY ON REMAND OF KATHERINE H. RUDACILLE, CHARLES SIMMONS, DONALD E. ZIMAR, JASON H. GART, AND STEVEN A. STUDABAKER, June 15, 2007, obtained in Case Docket Search for documents in Case No. PUE-2005-00018 on official website of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission. Accessed March 21, 2008
  79. ^ Pleasant View-Hamilton 230kV Line home page, Map of approved transmission line route, State Corporation Commission Application Process, and SCC Final Order: Case No. PUE-2005-00018 in Dominion Virginia Power official website. Accessed January 11, 2010.
  80. ^ Section of W&OD Railroad Regional Park approved for transmission line route: From W&OD Trail Mile 36.2 at coordinates 39°06′51″N 77°35′50″W / 39.114029°N 77.597283°W / 39.114029; -77.597283 (W&OD Transmission line route at Trail Mile 36.2) to Trail Mile 38.0 at coordinates 39°08′15″N 77°36′33″W / 39.137417°N 77.609246°W / 39.137417; -77.609246 (Transmission line route at Trail Mile 38.0). Accessed March 21, 2008.
  81. ^ Official website of Delegate Joe T. May and Virginia House of Delegates home page of Delegate Joe T. May Accessed July 1, 2008.
  82. ^ Text of H 1319 (2008 Virginia Acts of Assembly -- Chapter 799): "An Act to establish a pilot program to place certain transmission lines underground." in Virginia General Assembly official web site Accessed April 17, 2008.
  83. ^ Legislative history of HB 1319: "Underground transmission lines; pilot program established" in Virginia General Assembly official web site Accessed April 17, 2008.
  84. ^ W&OD Trail Project Update: Underground Electric Transmission Lines: June 3, 2008 in NVRPA official website Accessed September 9, 2008.
  85. ^ NVRPA press release: "NVRPA, Dominion VA Power Announce Detour on W&OD Trail" in Dominion Virginia Power official website. Accessed January 11, 2010.
  86. ^ Map of W&OD Trail detour route in Dominion Virginia Power official website. Accessed January 11, 2010.

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