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.
Water in three states: liquid, solid (ice), and (invisible) water vapor in the air.
^ When ice is purged that way, the resulting open water can absorb more heat from the air, then expel that heat through the winter, limiting the thickness and area of new ice.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so new regulations were approved last week by a state board in hopes of keeping dental mercury out of New York's air and water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plasma is considered the fourth state of matter, along with the more familiar forms: solid, liquid and gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Clouds are the accumulations of the droplets, condensed from vapor-saturated air.
.Water is a ubiquitous chemical substance that is composed of hydrogen and oxygen and is vital for all known forms of life.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of the 19th century the names of chemical companies and products often contained a form of the word cellulose, a living chemical consisting of a long string of carbon and hydrogen and oxygen molecules (thus the word carbohydrate).
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When hydrogen and oxygen combine, they produce water, making fuel cells a clean power source.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.In typical usage, water refers only to its liquid form or state, but the substance also has a solid state, ice, and a gaseous state, water vapor or steam.^ The website pointed out that dihydrogen monoxide causes severe burns in its gaseous state and severe tissue damage through prolonged exposure in its solid state.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By this definition, the United States is not addicted to cheap oil, any more than it is addicted to water or soybeans; the substance is essential to keep the economy moving, but if an alternative were found the U.S. public would be only too glad to switch to it.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are ice rivers that flow particularly fast and deliver a tremendous amount of water to the sea, in the form of these huge and really fantastically beautiful icebergs.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface.[2] .On Earth, it is found mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation.^ The cataclysm was probably a strike on the Earth by a large body, throwing up a lot of material.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shouldn’t the EPA have a financial responsibility to the public for not cleaning up the waters above and below ground that cause disease instead of raising the acceptable levels?
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whether the bottle has water, milk, juice or any other liquid or powder, food etc it makes no difference when the bottle ends up in the land fill!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Oceans hold 97% of surface water, glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers, lakes and ponds 0.6%.^ In general temperature changes of a few degrees do not seem to be sufficient to begin to melt the polar ice caps, particularly the Antarctic ice cap.....
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, another 300 or so sensors will be deployed in tanks on the surface of the polar ice.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plastic bottles do pollute the water and our rivers and oceans.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A very small amount of the Earth's water is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products.^ It is very difficult not to buy bottled water as I travel often, so I try to bring a reusable container and fill up instead of buying new.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Please publish the amount of water used by Coca Cola or Pepsi to produce their products.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most times my bottled water is 1 or 2 gallon size container that I pour into a cup or small “carry” container.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water on Earth moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration (evapotranspiration), precipitation, and runoff, usually reaching the sea.^ Clouds are also a crucial part of Earth's hydrological and energy cycles, both regulating atmospheric precipitation and determining how much solar energy reaches the Earth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute to the precipitation over land.
.Clean, fresh drinking water is essential to human and other lifeforms.^ It is good, clean, fresh water!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ J. M. B. Says: July 8th, 2008 at 12:13 am I drink filtered tap water because it this is the United States and we have clean water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lady Young also called for all non-essential water use, including washing windows, cleaning cars and watering gardens, to be banned.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Access to safe drinking water has improved steadily and substantially over the last decades in almost every part of the world.^ In many parts of the world, clean drinking water is scarce.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Safe drinking water is a public service.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BACK TO THE TAP is a non-profit organization who is dedicated to providing filters and bottles to those without safe drinking water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4][5] .There is a clear correlation between access to safe water and GDP per capita.^ This would trigger pitched battles between the survivors of these effects for access to food, water, habitable land and energy supplies.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, you should defiantly investigate the contents of the tap water in your area because there is a possibility of it not being safe.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I find it absurd that people drink bottled water in Canada where the water is clean and safe when there are people all over the world who have NO CLEAN WATER to drink.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .However, some observers have estimated that by 2025 more than half of the world population will be facing water-based vulnerability.^ We are privileged to have some of the cleanest water in the world.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Half the world's people live in countries where water tables are falling.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .A recent report (November 2009) suggests that by 2030, in some developing regions of the world, water demand will exceed supply by 50%.^ We are privileged to have some of the cleanest water in the world.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Human Rights Watch reported that some environmentalists were recently arrested in China.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The team, all of them young, beautiful, and brilliant, was recently granted accolades from the president himself for developing the world's first-ever unbreakable encryption scheme.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[8] .Water plays an important role in the world economy, as it functions as a solvent for a wide variety of chemical substances and facilitates industrial cooling and transportation.^ Up until the end of World War II, some companies were still hedging their bets on the material base of the future chemical industry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because natural gas is rapidly emerging as the premier fuel of the world economy, its transportation from sources to markets has become an important issue.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While confinement plays an important role, other factors are also at play.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Approximately 70% of freshwater is consumed by agriculture.[9]

Contents

Chemical and physical properties

Model of hydrogen bonds between molecules of water
Impact from a water drop causes an upward "rebound" jet surrounded by circular capillary waves.
Dew drops adhering to a spider web
Capillary action of water compared to mercury
.Water is the chemical substance with chemical formula H2O: one molecule of water has two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to a single oxygen atom.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of the 19th century the names of chemical companies and products often contained a form of the word cellulose, a living chemical consisting of a long string of carbon and hydrogen and oxygen molecules (thus the word carbohydrate).
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Saudi Air Force has 15 F-15D fighters configured for two pilots (one can sleep while the other flies), and 47 single-seat F-15Cs.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water appears in nature in all three common states of matter and may take many different forms on Earth: water vapor and clouds in the sky; seawater and icebergs in the polar oceans; glaciers and rivers in the mountains; and the liquid in aquifers in the ground.^ Tap water is not much different at all.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plastic bottles do pollute the water and our rivers and oceans.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If I used bottled water all the time I’d be taking recycling out way more often.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The major chemical and physical properties of water are:
  • Water is a tasteless, odorless liquid at standard temperature and pressure. .The color of water and ice is, intrinsically, a very light blue hue, although water appears colorless in small quantities.^ But ice is a very important regulator of our climate because it reflects light that's basically sun and solar energy that's not being absorbed by the earth.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Says: July 7th, 2008 at 8:06 pm The quality of water in my community is very good and the water from my ice maker built into the refrigerator is filtered.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In such cases bottled water is very convenient but this represents a small portion of my yearly water consumption.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Ice also appears colorless, and water vapor is essentially invisible as a gas.^ Ice also appears colorless, and water vapor is essentially invisible as a gas.
    • Water (molecule): Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]
    • Water - Gravity Wiki 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC gravity.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Water - Home - oo.vg 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC water.oo.vg [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • water Information, water Article & Encyclopedia Resource - iReference.ca 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.ireference.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Water, ice and vapor .
    • Water (molecule): Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

    ^ In typical usage, water refers only to its liquid form or state , but the substance also has a solid state, ice , and a gaseous state, water vapor or steam .
    • Water - Gravity Wiki 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC gravity.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • water Information, water Article & Encyclopedia Resource - iReference.ca 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.ireference.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [10]
  • .
  • Water is transparent, and thus aquatic plants can live within the water because sunlight can reach them.^ Congress also exempted old plants from installing pollution controls because such plants would soon reach the end of their useful lives.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Within the bottled water plant, the returned bottles have to be cleaned and disinfected before reuse.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    .Only strong UV light is slightly absorbed.
  • Since the water molecule is not linear and the oxygen atom has a higher electronegativity than hydrogen atoms, it carries a slight negative charge, whereas the hydrogen atoms are slightly positive.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I rely on bottled water at other times when it is more convenient than filling and carry my Nalgene bottle or it is offered at events such as picnics, sporting events, etc.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A fuel cell works by using a catalyst, such as platinum, to split hydrogen molecules, which contain two hydrogen atoms in a dumbbell shape.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    As a result, water is a polar molecule with an electrical dipole moment. .The net interactions between the dipoles on each molecule cause an effective skin effect at the interface of water with other substances, or air at the surface, the latter given rise to water's high surface tension.^ These chemicals are not “safe.” Chloramine kills fish, causes bad skin reactions in many people, and has not been studied effectively.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I have learned that there are hundreds of others across the US who are suffering from digestive, skin and respiratory problems when they are exposed to chloraminated water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There’s still the same risk of drinking leftover pharmaceuticals (and other harmful substances) that could not be removed from the water sources that support both tap and bottled water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This dipolar nature contributes to water molecules' tendency to form hydrogen bonds which cause water's many special properties.^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The hydrogen ions (protons) left over from this process are separated from the fuel by an electrolyte, and when brought into contact with the atmosphere they bind to oxygen molecules and produce water.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [11] .The polar nature also favors adhesion to other materials.
  • Each hydrogen nucleus is bound to the central oxygen atom by a pair of electrons that are shared between them; chemists call this shared electron pair a covalent chemical bond.^ A fuel cell generates current by stripping hydrogen atoms from a chemical source, breaking them apart on a catalyst (such as platinum), and harvesting the electrons.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ No limit to the applications' The material might also be applicable to laptop computers, cell phones, digital cameras and other electronic devices.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In a series of papers published in academic journals, he argues for a new picture of the hydrogen atom, with the lone electron whizzing around a central proton replaced with a spherical shell of electric charge.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In H2O, only two of the six outer-shell electrons of oxygen are used for this purpose, leaving four electrons which are organized into two non-bonding pairs.^ Make it R/C. Put two Bangalore Torpedoes on it (shaped charge on a stick) and program it to drive into the Gamma Knife centre, using the shaped charges to remove obstacles.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Four and a half years ago, two of the three "Bigs" were prominently playing alternatives into their long-range planning.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Says: July 7th, 2008 at 12:52 pm Bottled water only serves a useful purpose when a potable water source is not available.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The four electron pairs surrounding the oxygen tend to arrange themselves as far from each other as possible in order to minimize repulsions between these clouds of negative charge.^ They will then culture themselves onto agar plates and grow their own bio-weapons and spread it as far as possible before they are discovered.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Then he detonates the charges along the river, these are detonated in order starting with the furthest from the dam, ending with the one closest to the dam.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    This would ordinarily result in a tetrahedral geometry in which the angle between electron pairs (and therefore the H-O-H bond angle) is 109.5°. .However, because the two non-bonding pairs remain closer to the oxygen atom, these exert a stronger repulsion against the two covalent bonding pairs, effectively pushing the two hydrogen atoms closer together.^ A fuel cell works by using a catalyst, such as platinum, to split hydrogen molecules, which contain two hydrogen atoms in a dumbbell shape.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because each hydrogen atom's single electron is removed, the hydrogen atoms become positively charged.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The result is a distorted tetrahedral arrangement in which the H-O-H angle is 104.5°.[12]
  • .
  • A result of interplay of these properties, Capillary action refers to the tendency of water to move up a narrow tube against the force of gravity.^ I accidentally discovered these symtoms were a result of drinking our tap water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cook up a reasonable amount at a simple home lab (remember, these are bacteria made to exist in sea-water).
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the meanwhile, I am forced to buy spring water and fill up my eco-friendly water bottle.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This property is relied upon by all vascular plants, such as trees.
  • Water is a good solvent and is often referred to as the universal solvent.^ We installed a great filtration and carbonation system for drinking water (have always had filters on all water, cooking and drinking)besides our tap water is pretty good to begin with.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If I used bottled water all the time I’d be taking recycling out way more often.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I rely on bottled water at other times when it is more convenient than filling and carry my Nalgene bottle or it is offered at events such as picnics, sporting events, etc.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Substances that dissolve in water, e.g., salts, sugars, acids, alkalis, and some gases – especially oxygen, carbon dioxide (carbonation) are known as hydrophilic (water-loving) substances, while those that do not mix well with water (e.g., fats and oils), are known as hydrophobic (water-fearing) substances.
  • The boiling point of water (and all other liquids) is dependent on the barometric pressure.^ Dihydrogen monoxide is also known as hydroxyl acid, and is the major component of acid rain.

    ^ Slides as PDF (1 Mb) Streaming QT Movie The Policy Challenge - Prof. Jim Sweeney Prof. Sweeney discusses how higher energy prices, cap and trade markets for carbon dioxide, and other prudent energy policies will allow the US to reduce its dependency on sources of foreign oil.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    For example, on the top of Mt. .Everest water boils at about 68 °C (154 °F), compared to 100 °C (212 °F) at sea level.^ Terry Says: July 7th, 2008 at 2:01 pm I drink filtered tap water most of the time, but do drink bottled water and boiled water about 25% of the time also.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ By itself and without any offsetting mechanisms, a collapse of the Greenland ice sheet would raise sea levels by about 20-25 feet.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Melting could raise sea level one to three feet over the next 100 to 150 years, she said.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Conversely, water deep in the ocean near geothermal vents can reach temperatures of hundreds of degrees and remain liquid.
  • Water has the second highest specific heat capacity of any known substance, after ammonia, as well as a high heat of vaporization (40.65 kJ·mol−1), both of which are a result of the extensive hydrogen bonding between its molecules.^ Using low-temperature electrolysis, high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water (assuming the electricity is provided by wind, solar or nuclear and the heat is provided by solar or nuclear), eliminates the generation of CO2 from hydrogen production.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ First the water temperature raises 12 degrees making this hurricane stronger than anything ever imagined.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Although our tap water is not filtered before reaching us, NYC tap water remains one of the nation’s cleanest and delicous water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .These two unusual properties allow water to moderate Earth's climate by buffering large fluctuations in temperature.
  • The maximum density of water occurs at 3.98 °C (39.16 °F).^ These two methods will save more of your water footprint than worrying about the kind container someone else drinks their water (or pop or beer, etc).
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Adding heavy water allows critical mass to be reached and a very large breeder fission source results.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ My water source is one of two wells on the property, both of which have good tasting water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [13] .Water becomes even less dense upon freezing, expanding 9%.^ Bottled water creates waste, hurts communities affected by bottled water, is more expensive than tap water and is sometimes even less safe (or simply just local tap water in a bottle).
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Besides, even if the tap water is less safe I would take it instead of having the environment pay the price.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ James Bozek Says: July 7th, 2008 at 1:14 pm Cooling water or even freezing the water for months cannot kill off all the bacteria.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This results in an unusual phenomenon: water's solid form, ice, floats upon water, allowing organisms to survive inside a partially-frozen water body because the water on the bottom has a temperature of around 4 °C (39 °F).
.
ADR label for transporting goods dangerously reactive with water
  • Water is miscible with many liquids, such as ethanol, in all proportions, forming a single homogeneous liquid.^ We installed a great filtration and carbonation system for drinking water (have always had filters on all water, cooking and drinking)besides our tap water is pretty good to begin with.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I especially like the story about having to pay so many taxes on the bonus check you received for being such a good manager.

    ^ There is a road sign which prohibits transport with dangerous loads in the tunnel (such as gasoline trucks, etc.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    .On the other hand, water and most oils are immiscible usually forming layers according to increasing density from the top.^ For the most part, they insist that ideological and religious differences -- notably, the clash between values of tolerance and democracy on one hand and extremist forms of Islam on the other -- remain the main drivers of international conflict.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The tops of most petrol/gas tanks at filling stations are usually no more than one meter below the ground surface and often are covered with just sand or gravel and then a thin layer of concrete or tarmac.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In addition to undermining investment in global oil production, extreme global geopolitical risk also began to undermine other forms of fixed investment worldwide last year.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .As a gas, water vapor is completely miscible with air.
  • Water forms an azeotrope with many other solvents.
  • As an oxide of hydrogen, water is formed when hydrogen or hydrogen-containing compounds burn or react with oxygen or oxygen-containing compounds.^ How it works Electrolysis of water produces hydrogen and oxygen.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Instead of water, it makes hydrogen gas.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Water is not a fuel, it is an end-product of the combustion of hydrogen.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The production of plastic bottles and then the distribution of bottled water requires large amounts of fossil fuels which is becoming increasingly unsustainable.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An Air Products fuel pump also is being used to fill hydrogen cars on public display at the conference.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The energy required to split water into hydrogen and oxygen by electrolysis or any other means is greater than the energy released when the hydrogen and oxygen recombine.^ How it works Electrolysis of water produces hydrogen and oxygen.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [14]
  • .
  • Elements which are more electropositive than hydrogen such as lithium, sodium, calcium, potassium and caesium displace hydrogen from water, forming hydroxides.^ The dust of course can be any bioweapon that can be delivered in dust form, but it can also be nothing more than ground flour or powedered sugar.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is more difficult today than it was 10 years ago because hydrogen fluoride use has been banned or restricted in many cities due to safety concerns.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ According to his theory, if atoms of hydrogen are heated and mixed with other elements, they can be persuaded to release over 100 times more energy than would be generated by combustion alone.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Being a flammable gas, the hydrogen given off is dangerous and the reaction of water with the more electropositive of these elements may be violently explosive.

Taste and odor

.Water can dissolve many different substances, giving it varying tastes and odors.^ I think the fact that some people can discern differences in the taste of water is lost on those who cannot.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyone that’s been to our house and tasted our water can’t the difference.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Too many reports of contaminated water, e-coli, bad taste etc reduce people’s confidence in drinking water outside their home.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Humans and other animals have developed senses which (more or less) enable them to evaluate the potability of water by avoiding water that is too salty or putrid.^ I rely on bottled water at other times when it is more convenient than filling and carry my Nalgene bottle or it is offered at events such as picnics, sporting events, etc.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Please EPA, get an independent agency to do the complete human health tests (which have never been done) on the effects of chloraminated water before you cause more water supplies to be ruined.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is likely to be more efficient than other proposed methods because it produces higher temperatures while requiring less input energy.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Humans also tend to prefer cold water to lukewarm water since cold water is likely to contain fewer microbes.^ And also since oil will stay on water surface we would soon have the whole port area burning like hell.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.February 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The taste advertised in spring water or mineral water derives from the minerals dissolved in it: Pure H2O is tasteless and odorless.^ I prefer the clean taste (no taste) to ice cold spring water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do not buy bottled water for my home because of environmental reasons, although I also don’t believe that bottled water as pure as advertised.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would have to be a tasteless, odorless slow releasing toxin so that the taste testers at the factory would not show immediate effects.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.The advertised purity of spring and mineral water refers to absence of toxins, pollutants and microbes.^ After reading about the toxins that are released from plastic containers into water or food and the transportation pollution issues I was convinced.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Companies like Nestle and Dannon are just ravaging our springs and our earth and packaging their pricy “filtered Mineral water”.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from the pollution issue, there are serious health concerns about chemical leaching and tap water masquerading as spring water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Distribution of water in nature

Water in the universe

.Much of the universe's water may be produced as a byproduct of star formation.^ Did you ever think about how much of the tap water produced is consumed?
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We may wake up one morning and there won't be enough grain to go around, and not enough water to produce enough grain.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When stars are born, their birth is accompanied by a strong outward wind of gas and dust.^ Theory holds that brown dwarfs begin life much as ordinary stars do, forming from clouds of interstellar dust and gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over the longer term, however, as reserves of natural gas are depleted, its price is projected to rise, giving a strong advantage to wind.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When this outflow of material eventually impacts the surrounding gas, the shock waves that are created compress and heat the gas. .The water observed is quickly produced in this warm dense gas.^ CO + H2 The Water-gas Shift reaction is then used to produce additional hydrogen: CO + H2O ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carbon dioxide - produced by burning fossil fuels - is the most abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, and is the gas that most concerns climate scientists, because of its warming effect on the earth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15]
.Water has been detected in interstellar clouds within our galaxy, the Milky Way.^ The end result: We will be all gay and lesbians, and unless science develops some other ways of reproduction, our civilization will disappear within a few generations.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ We go out of our way to avoid purchasing water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So if you could detonate a large explosive inside the chemical complexes you could create a chemical cloud that would easily reach a major water way.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water probably exists in abundance in other galaxies, too, because its components, hydrogen and oxygen, are among the most abundant elements in the universe.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I drink tap water because I hope my example encourages others to use reusable containers (bottled water containers contribute hugely to landfills).
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When hydrogen and oxygen combine, they produce water, making fuel cells a clean power source.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Interstellar clouds eventually condense into solar nebulae and solar systems such as ours.^ Chloramine went into our water system in Febr.2004.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bigger of the two is 50 times the size of Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water vapor is present in
.
  • Atmosphere of Mercury: 3.4%, and large amounts of water in Mercury's exosphere[16]
  • Atmosphere of Venus: 0.002%
  • Earth's atmosphere: ~0.40% over full atmosphere, typically 1–4% at surface
  • Atmosphere of Mars: 0.03%
  • Atmosphere of Jupiter: 0.0004%
  • Atmosphere of Saturn – in ices only
  • Enceladus (moon of Saturn): 91%
  • exoplanets known as HD 189733 b[17] and HD 209458 b.^ John Fasolas Says: July 8th, 2008 at 1:17 am I am very aware of the amount of filtration and the amount of money we spend for the purity standards set for public water.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Two hundred years later as civilisation begins to return to its feet, the moon rocks enter the earth's atmosphere.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I was happy to learn that these filters remove only trace amounts of fluoride so that the water can continue to protect kids’ teeth.
    • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [18]
Liquid water is present on
  • Earth – 71% of surface
  • Moon – small amounts of water have been found (in 2008) in the inside of volcanic pearls brought from Moon to Earth by the Apollo 15 crew in 1971.[19] NASA reported the detection of water molecules by NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper aboard the Indian Space Research Organization's Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft in September 2009.[20]
.Strong evidence suggests that liquid water is present just under the surface of Saturn's moon Enceladus and on Jupiter's moon Europa where it may exist as a 100 km deep ocean covering the whole moon which would amount to more water than is in all the Earth's oceans.^ It’s just about thinking … thinking of the earth as more than just a dump.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the same day a United Nations report warned that more than a billion people worldwide face growing shortages of water, American scientists announced they found evidence of water on Enceladus, a far-off moon of Saturn.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water ice is present on
Water ice may be present on Ceres and Tethys. .Water and other volatiles probably comprise much of the internal structures of Uranus and Neptune.^ I don’t mean to be rude, but I was wondering if you could tell me how much yours cost you (about) and if you know any other good sites for water filters.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water and habitable zone

The Solar System along center row range of possible habitable zones of varying size stars.
.The existence of liquid water, and to a lesser extent its gaseous and solid forms, on Earth are vital to the existence of life on Earth as we know it.^ At least on a personal level I can cut down the use of plastic in my life and the first easy step was to engage with my city’s tap water which I know is safer.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the things he said about water were true, but his survey omitted the fact that water is an essential basis for life and the ecosystem of the earth.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plasma is considered the fourth state of matter, along with the more familiar forms: solid, liquid and gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Earth is located in the habitable zone of the solar system; if it were slightly closer to or further from the Sun (about 5%, or about 8 million kilometers), the conditions which allow the three forms to be present simultaneously would be far less likely to exist.^ If random forms of currency are "attacked," it would take longer to locate the source of infection.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ It would also require me to get box trucks, probably 10 or so, and the like to carry these cruise missiles around (which would be a lot per city, about 5 to 10 per city).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Simultaneously take out about three or four dozen strategically located power poles around the North American Continent and all of the US will be without power for over a week.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[22][23]
Earth's gravity allows it to hold an atmosphere. .Water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provide a temperature buffer (greenhouse effect) which helps maintain a relatively steady surface temperature.^ Carbon dioxide could also be captured from the atmosphere.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because we are told that greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, are threatening to raise global temperatures, we should be encouraging actions that take CO2 OUT of the atmosphere long term.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reactor does not burn ethanol like ordinary combustion, which produces water and carbon dioxide.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If Earth were smaller, a thinner atmosphere would allow temperature extremes, thus preventing the accumulation of water except in polar ice caps (as on Mars).^ If I need to carry water with me I use a reusable water bottle which is safe unless subjected to extreme hot temperatures.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The dirty fallout rain will cause the reflectivity in the glacial snow to increase the temperature up North causing spontaneous melting of the Ice Cap.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ If the United States continues to do nothing to slow global warming, the polar ice caps will continue to melt and massive flooding will occur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The surface temperature of Earth has been relatively constant through geologic time despite varying levels of incoming solar radiation (insolation), indicating that a dynamic process governs Earth's temperature via a combination of greenhouse gases and surface or atmospheric albedo.^ In their study, the researchers used a technique to determine the time that rocks have been exposed to cosmic rays from outer space, which pass through the Earth's atmosphere but cannot penetrate ice to any great depth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vavrus, a climate modeling specialist, digitally simulated a snow-free world, and measured the impact of missing snow cover on a range of climatic variables including soil temperatures, cloud cover, atmospheric circulation patterns and soil moisture levels.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last updated: March 15 2006 02:00 The atmosphere's level of greenhouse gases associated with climate change is hitting record highs, two prominent scientific organisations said yesterday.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This proposal is known as the Gaia hypothesis.
.The state of water on a planet depends on ambient pressure, which is determined by the planet's gravity.^ That is why the EPA and all State Health Departments issue a “Boil Water Notice” when there is a water main break or low pressure event.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And finally, because it’s appalling how subject to political pressure the agencies responsible for ensuring the safety of drinking water are — Federal, State and local.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a planet is sufficiently massive, the water on it may be solid even at high temperatures, because of the high pressure caused by gravity.^ They are too small to survive entry but the energy released from the high helium 3 content raises the temperature of the earth causing the icecaps to melt.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because it liquefies at lower pressures than propane it’s even safer than propane when stored.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.There are various theories about origin of water on Earth.^ There are good websites about water filtration .
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His point was that much of the paranoia we hear and see every day about various chemicals in our food and water and environment are similarly exaggerated.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from the pollution issue, there are serious health concerns about chemical leaching and tap water masquerading as spring water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water on Earth

A graphical distribution of the locations of water on Earth.
Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface; the oceans contain 97.2% of the Earth's water. .The Antarctic ice sheet, which contains 90% of all fresh water on Earth, is visible at the bottom.^ BuzzFlash: We had a recent report that the Antarctic ice sheet is melting twice as fast as had previously been anticipated.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the things he said about water were true, but his survey omitted the fact that water is an essential basis for life and the ecosystem of the earth.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They conclude that ice sheets in different parts of the world can react quite differently as the Earth warms.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Condensed atmospheric water can be seen as clouds, contributing to the Earth's albedo.
.Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the Earth.^ My water utility’s water quality bureau manager claims that coffee “neutralizes” chloramine, but no scientific study confirms it.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The study of the distribution of water is hydrography. .The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydrogeology, of glaciers is glaciology, of inland waters is limnology and distribution of oceans is oceanography.^ Some of that sea level rise is based on melting of glaciers and major ice sheets, and some is based on thermal expansion of water in the oceans, which increases in size as it gets warmer.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ecological processes with hydrology are in focus of ecohydrology.
The collective mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet is called the hydrosphere. .Earth's approximate water volume (the total water supply of the world) is 1,360,000,000 km3 (326,000,000 mi3).^ I support MY local water supply as opposed to removing water from its local area, where the local water users are generally not paid for its worth.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sedatives, specifically, in the case of my city’s supply, but many municipal water supplies are far more contaminated.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Buying bottled water in my opinion is a total waste of $$.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Groundwater and fresh water are useful or potentially useful to humans as water resources.^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After all, our economic activity is based on the use of natural and human resources.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Liquid water is found in bodies of water, such as an ocean, sea, lake, river, stream, canal, pond, or puddle.^ There are ice rivers that flow particularly fast and deliver a tremendous amount of water to the sea, in the form of these huge and really fantastically beautiful icebergs.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of that sea level rise is based on melting of glaciers and major ice sheets, and some is based on thermal expansion of water in the oceans, which increases in size as it gets warmer.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The majority of water on Earth is sea water.^ Some of that sea level rise is based on melting of glaciers and major ice sheets, and some is based on thermal expansion of water in the oceans, which increases in size as it gets warmer.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water is also present in the atmosphere in solid, liquid, and vapor states.^ Plasma is considered the fourth state of matter, along with the more familiar forms: solid, liquid and gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It also exists as groundwater in aquifers.
Water is important in many geological processes. Groundwater is ubiquitous in rocks, and the pressure of this groundwater affects patterns of faulting. Water in the mantle is responsible for the melt that produces volcanoes at subduction zones. .On the surface of the Earth, water is important in both chemical and physical weathering processes.^ During the chlorination process, chlorine sometimes causes a chemical reaction with organic materials and other constitutes already in the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Acid mine waste pollution is caused by the physical and chemical weathering of a very common mineral.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At home, I use both water in the Gallon container and tap water which I use a filter pitcher (like Brita) to reduce chemicals and improve taste.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water and, to a lesser but still significant extent, ice, are also responsible for a large amount of sediment transport that occurs on the surface of the earth.^ The production of plastic bottles and then the distribution of bottled water requires large amounts of fossil fuels which is becoming increasingly unsustainable.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When you start to melt back that ice, the water can absorb more heat - a tremendous amount of heat.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although our tap water is not bad, it still has high levels of chlorine and some sediments so I filter the drinking water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Deposition of transported sediment forms many types of sedimentary rocks, which make up the geologic record of Earth history.^ Their job then is to make a fuss: tie up as many security agents as possible.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Oh, and to make it easier to point fingers in the wrong direction the terrorists might decide to blow up any type of church except, say, jewish churches.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The Pacific Institute also argues that with all of the fuel used for making and transporting bottled water, it’s like filling up every water bottle one-quarter full of oil.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water cycle

.The water cycle (known scientifically as the hydrologic cycle) refers to the continuous exchange of water within the hydrosphere, between the atmosphere, soil water, surface water, groundwater, and plants.^ Within the bottled water plant, the returned bottles have to be cleaned and disinfected before reuse.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Clouds are also a crucial part of Earth's hydrological and energy cycles, both regulating atmospheric precipitation and determining how much solar energy reaches the Earth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water moves perpetually through each of these regions in the water cycle consisting of following transfer processes:
  • evaporation from oceans and other water bodies into the air and transpiration from land plants and animals into air.
  • precipitation, from water vapor condensing from the air and falling to earth or ocean.
  • runoff from the land usually reaching the sea.
.Most water vapor over the oceans returns to the oceans, but winds carry water vapor over land at the same rate as runoff into the sea, about 36 Tt per year.^ It would also require me to get box trucks, probably 10 or so, and the like to carry these cruise missiles around (which would be a lot per city, about 5 to 10 per city).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Terry Says: July 7th, 2008 at 2:01 pm I drink filtered tap water most of the time, but do drink bottled water and boiled water about 25% of the time also.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BuzzFlash: In your Foreword you talked about the doubling of the speed of that ice stream that is flowing into the sea.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute another 71 Tt per year.^ It's only necessary to land one or two entry level crew members per ship over the period of a year.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Precipitation, at a rate of 107 Tt per year over land, has several forms: most commonly rain, snow, and hail, with some contribution from fog and dew.^ It's only necessary to land one or two entry level crew members per ship over the period of a year.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The drought has wreaked havoc on wildlife, which depend on the scant seven inches of rain that Phoenix gets in an average year, most of it in the three or four winter months.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Condensed water in the air may also refract sunlight to produce rainbows.^ We may wake up one morning and there won't be enough grain to go around, and not enough water to produce enough grain.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water runoff often collects over watersheds flowing into rivers.^ Often it leeches into the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Susquehanna River is the nation's sixteenth largest river and is the largest river lying entirely in the United States that flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t believe river water supplies can be consistanty free of trace impurities, especially during high runoff events.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters is hydrological transport model.^ The use of high- transportation cost scenarios may have influenced the economic calculations, but due to GTL competing with crude oil for tanker ships, this economic model may account for a competitive atmosphere in the shipping industry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We use a filter for our tap water at home because of the mineral qualities.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He says that he will use his fellowship to develop the calculation techniques needed to model and understand the results of these experiments.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some of water is diverted to irrigation for agriculture. Rivers and seas offer opportunity for travel and commerce. .Through erosion, runoff shapes the environment creating river valleys and deltas which provide rich soil and level ground for the establishment of population centers.^ Soil erosion, fertilizer and pesticide runoff, and industrial pollution all can result from biomass inappropriately grown and processed.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A flood occurs when an area of land, usually low-lying, is covered with water.^ Low- lying communities could flood.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In disaster areas hit by floods and storms and earthquakes, bottled water is far more trustworthy than containers filled from taps.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a place where children are drilled throughout elementary school to conserve water, where hotels boast of covered parking areas not to protect from rain, but to offer a bit of shade.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is when a river overflows its banks or flood from the sea. .A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply.^ In the six months after passage of the KRAP Act, there were ten thousand more robberies than in a similar period a year earlier.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ This is introduced into the water supplies - no-one notices for 9 months, by which time the whole country is sterile.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Fire is put out be dynomiting a water pipeline that supplies the city, which saves the city from the fire, but leaves it without water for months.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

This occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation.

Fresh water storage

Bay of Fundy High Tide.jpgBay of Fundy Low Tide.jpg
High tide (left) and low tide (right)
.Some runoff water is trapped for periods of time, for example in lakes.^ After a predetermined period of time they switch cities; some of the same cities, some different cities but never the same team in the same city.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The water district announced this some years ago and indicated that neoprene linings and washers in the house’s plumbing lines probably would deteriorate in time due to the treatment.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The campaign focuses on reducing solid waste, and fostering an appreciation for some of the finest drinking water in the USA - coming out of Lake Tahoe.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At high altitude, during winter, and in the far north and south, snow collects in ice caps, snow pack and glaciers.^ IceCube scientists will continue to verify cable connections and surface electronics during the upcoming winter season at the South Pole.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The dirty fallout rain will cause the reflectivity in the glacial snow to increase the temperature up North causing spontaneous melting of the Ice Cap.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The first recorded EMP incident accompanied a high-altitude nuclear test over the South Pacific and resulted in power system failures as far away as Hawaii.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water also infiltrates the ground and goes into aquifers.^ Motocycle running on water One more link on water powered car The water is modified by a secret formula BEFORE it goes into the tank.

^ Naturally some States have quiet alot of Drugs infiltrated into the water system.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HHO energy simply takes the Hydrogen out of the water and the exhaust is water vapor, so the water goes right back into the air.

This groundwater later flows back to the surface in springs, or more spectacularly in hot springs and geysers. Groundwater is also extracted artificially in wells. .This water storage is important, since clean, fresh water is essential to human and other land-based life.^ It is good, clean, fresh water!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whether the bottle has water, milk, juice or any other liquid or powder, food etc it makes no difference when the bottle ends up in the land fill!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I understand the basic human right to clean water, and the very real need to reduce plastic consumption, and the need to not drink water contaminated by plastics.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In many parts of the world, it is in short supply.^ There are problems with Hovensa, in Nigeria and other parts of the world, which threaten supplies and keep traders nervous.''
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In so many parts of the world, all the water must be carried, and then boiled (using scarce fuel) to be safe for drinking.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many parts of the world, clean drinking water is scarce.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sea water

.Sea water contains about 3.5% salt on average, plus smaller amounts of other substances.^ There’s still the same risk of drinking leftover pharmaceuticals (and other harmful substances) that could not be removed from the water sources that support both tap and bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cook up a reasonable amount at a simple home lab (remember, these are bacteria made to exist in sea-water).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ These two methods will save more of your water footprint than worrying about the kind container someone else drinks their water (or pop or beer, etc).
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The physical properties of sea water differ from fresh water in some important respects.^ I think the fact that some people can discern differences in the taste of water is lost on those who cannot.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of that sea level rise is based on melting of glaciers and major ice sheets, and some is based on thermal expansion of water in the oceans, which increases in size as it gets warmer.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It freezes at a lower temperature (about –1.9 °C) and its density increases with decreasing temperature to the freezing point, instead of reaching maximum density at a temperature above freezing. .The salinity of water in major seas varies from about 0.7% in the Baltic Sea to 4.0% in the Red Sea.^ His point was that much of the paranoia we hear and see every day about various chemicals in our food and water and environment are similarly exaggerated.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of that sea level rise is based on melting of glaciers and major ice sheets, and some is based on thermal expansion of water in the oceans, which increases in size as it gets warmer.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tides

.Tides are the cyclic rising and falling of Earth's ocean surface caused by the tidal forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the oceans.^ If the Air Force should attempt to shoot down the balloons, built-in altimeters will cause them to detonate during free-fall.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Tides cause changes in the depth of the marine and estuarine water bodies and produce oscillating currents known as tidal streams.^ She said Tuvalu was one of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change globally and was already experiencing severe droughts that were causing water shortages, higher king tides and stronger cyclones.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The changing tide produced at a given location is the result of the changing positions of the Moon and Sun relative to the Earth coupled with the effects of Earth rotation and the local bathymetry.^ If I am going to be in a given location for a while, I will check out the chemical testing results for the local water system and also the testing results for the bottled waters which are available for local purchase, and then make my choice based on specific data.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The train bombing in Spain and the tube bombing in London both produced limited results, largely because those were local modes of travel.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Carbon dioxide - produced by burning fossil fuels - is the most abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, and is the gas that most concerns climate scientists, because of its warming effect on the earth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The strip of seashore that is submerged at high tide and exposed at low tide, the intertidal zone, is an important ecological product of ocean tides.^ Distinct advantages available with low costs, variety of organic/ inorganic materials, high volume production & rapid project turnover.
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]

Effects on life

An oasis is an isolated water source with vegetation in desert
Overview of photosynthesis and respiration. Water (at right), together with carbon dioxide (CO2), form oxygen and organic compounds (at left), which can be respired to water and (CO2).
.From a biological standpoint, water has many distinct properties that are critical for the proliferation of life that set it apart from other substances.^ It can do many things, things that often conventional chemistry cannot," says Frank Denes, associate professor of biological systems engineering in the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s still the same risk of drinking leftover pharmaceuticals (and other harmful substances) that could not be removed from the water sources that support both tap and bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Municipal water has chlorine and fluorine added (neither of which I want or need) and there are too many other possible contaminants.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It carries out this role by allowing organic compounds to react in ways that ultimately allow replication. .All known forms of life depend on water.^ Fifth, I believe that if we all depend on a safe supply of drinking water we will make sure that the public water supply remains safe.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The instructions, or genes, of all animals, including dinosaurs, are in the form of the genetic substance known as DNA (de-oxyribonucleic acid).

^ I cant afford a greener car or not to use one at all - I can certainly reduce dependency on unneccessary plastic and expensive water, so I do.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water is vital both as a solvent in which many of the body's solutes dissolve and as an essential part of many metabolic processes within the body.^ In so many parts of the world, all the water must be carried, and then boiled (using scarce fuel) to be safe for drinking.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many parts of the world, clean drinking water is scarce.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lastly…why do so many people fear tap water, yet they don’t question the water ’solutions’ being used to grow food?
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Metabolism is the sum total of anabolism and catabolism. .In anabolism, water is removed from molecules (through energy requiring enzymatic chemical reactions) in order to grow larger molecules (e.g.^ UPI , March 13, 2006, Wind energy grows through on site turbines .
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

starches, triglycerides and proteins for storage of fuels and information). .In catabolism, water is used to break bonds in order to generate smaller molecules (e.g.^ Breaking apart the dumbbell gives off electrons, which generate a current that can be used to run an electric motor.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another reason is because oil is used to manufacture the plastic bottles for bottled water, and when they break down toxic chemicals are released.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

glucose, fatty acids and amino acids to be used for fuels for energy use or other purposes). .Water is thus essential and central to these metabolic processes.^ Since most of these central concentration points of Internet connectivity also host most of the Internet's most popular websites/servers, thousands of citizen's essential sites and servers disappear.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ These can be used to thuroughly disable important infrastructure like power generation, water sanitation, and essential services like hospitals, police, and firefighters.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Therefore, without water, these metabolic processes would cease to exist, leaving us to muse about what processes would be in its place, such as gas absorption, dust collection, etc.^ It would also require me to get box trucks, probably 10 or so, and the like to carry these cruise missiles around (which would be a lot per city, about 5 to 10 per city).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Cook up a reasonable amount at a simple home lab (remember, these are bacteria made to exist in sea-water).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ We complain about the price of gas, but happily spend much, much more for something that should cost us nothing.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water is also central to photosynthesis and respiration. .Photosynthetic cells use the sun's energy to split off water's hydrogen from oxygen.^ Oh, and there are ways to produce hydrogen with chemicals that don’t use a lot of power to do it as well as using the sun.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have used bottled water at home on occasion when the local water system was under construction and available water was off color and flavor.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hydrogen is combined with CO2 (absorbed from air or water) to form glucose and release oxygen.^ When hydrogen and oxygen combine, they produce water, making fuel cells a clean power source.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CO + H2 The Water-gas Shift reaction is then used to produce additional hydrogen: CO + H2O ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When ice is purged that way, the resulting open water can absorb more heat from the air, then expel that heat through the winter, limiting the thickness and area of new ice.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All living cells use such fuels and oxidize the hydrogen and carbon to capture the sun's energy and reform water and CO2 in the process (cellular respiration).^ Oh, and there are ways to produce hydrogen with chemicals that don’t use a lot of power to do it as well as using the sun.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who needs fuel when people are carrying it all with them, all you need provide is the oxidizer to get the fire started.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ First of all at least tap water (I live in NYC which has one of the best tap water in a country) is being checked by government and has to adhere to set standards.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water is also central to acid-base neutrality and enzyme function. .An acid, a hydrogen ion (H+, that is, a proton) donor, can be neutralized by a base, a proton acceptor such as hydroxide ion (OH) to form water.^ The hydrogen ions (protons) left over from this process are separated from the fuel by an electrolyte, and when brought into contact with the atmosphere they bind to oxygen molecules and produce water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iron II ions are oxidized to form iron III ions as shown in the following reaction: The iron III ions now hydrolyze in water to form iron III hydroxide.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This then reacts with the carbonate ions in the electrolyte to form water and carbon dioxide.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water is considered to be neutral, with a pH (the negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration) of 7. Acids have pH values less than 7 while bases have values greater than 7.
Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef
Stomach acid (HCl) is useful to digestion. .However, its corrosive effect on the esophagus during reflux can temporarily be neutralized by ingestion of a base such as aluminum hydroxide to produce the neutral molecules water and the salt aluminum chloride.^ The hydrogen ions (protons) left over from this process are separated from the fuel by an electrolyte, and when brought into contact with the atmosphere they bind to oxygen molecules and produce water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Human biochemistry that involves enzymes usually performs optimally around a biologically neutral pH of 7.4.
.For example, a cell of Escherichia coli contains 70% of water, a human body 60–70%, plant body up to 90% and the body of an adult jellyfish is made up of 94–98% water.^ Cook up a reasonable amount at a simple home lab (remember, these are bacteria made to exist in sea-water).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Exhaust air from the fuel cell contains water vapour and carbon dioxide.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, the ballast water discharged from oceangoing vessels passing through the Great Lakes contains invasive plants and animals and, sometimes, human pathogens that create significant changes to the Great Lakes ecosystem and are a potential threat to human health.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Aquatic life forms

Some marine diatoms – a key phytoplankton group
Earth's waters are filled with life. .The earliest life forms appeared in water; nearly all fish live exclusively in water, and there are many types of marine mammals, such as dolphins and whales that also live in the water.^ I live in an area with little water but what there is is filtered down through the mountains.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "It turns out that early in the origin of many types of animals, there were a lot of branching events in a short period of time," Carroll explains.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First of all at least tap water (I live in NYC which has one of the best tap water in a country) is being checked by government and has to adhere to set standards.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some kinds of animals, such as amphibians, spend portions of their lives in water and portions on land.^ Today it's a rare company that doesn't provide some kind of cooled water dispenser.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Scientists in Jurassic Park combined the DNA of dinosaurs with DNA from living amphibians such as frogs.

^ Some communities (such as Orlando, Florida) have terrible tasting city water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Plants such as kelp and algae grow in the water and are the basis for some underwater ecosystems.^ All the things he said about water were true, but his survey omitted the fact that water is an essential basis for life and the ecosystem of the earth.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water treatment plants must monitor for contaminants, residual chemical levels, and aesthetic qualities on a daily, if not hourly basis.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some communities (such as Orlando, Florida) have terrible tasting city water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Plankton is generally the foundation of the ocean food chain.
.Aquatic animals must obtain oxygen to survive, and they do so in various ways.^ They of course fail miserably at this task, with various tragedies occurring along the way.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ On the way back from Ensenada, they contaminate the food throughout the various dining facilities with botulinium or tularensis bacteria, causing a serious outbreak onboard the vessel.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Fish have gills instead of lungs, although some species of fish, such as the lungfish, have both. .Marine mammals, such as dolphins, whales, otters, and seals need to surface periodically to breathe air.^ The reactor can be suspended, electrodes pointing downward, above any surface in need of disinfection, such as a moving conveyer belt.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Smaller life forms are able to absorb oxygen through their skin.^ To get more explosive power in a smaller space a second tanker containing LOX can drive through at the same time spraying liquid oxygen.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Insert any poison absorbed through the skin in the holy water at churches throughout the country.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Absorbing this through the skin - is chloramine categorized as a hormone disruptor?
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Effects on human civilization

Water fountain
Civilization has historically flourished around rivers and major waterways; Mesopotamia, the so-called cradle of civilization, was situated between the major rivers Tigris and Euphrates; the ancient society of the Egyptians depended entirely upon the Nile. .Large metropolises like Rotterdam, London, Montreal, Paris, New York City, Buenos Aires, Shanghai, Tokyo, Chicago, and Hong Kong owe their success in part to their easy accessibility via water and the resultant expansion of trade.^ I love Buffalo city tap water, next to New York City tap water!!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, New York City water is being contaminated by runoff from devlopment sites that are too close to the reservoirs.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a matter of minutes, New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago have blackouts.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Islands with safe water ports, like Singapore, have flourished for the same reason.^ While public water may be safe, it may not always taste or smell the same.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And also since oil will stay on water surface we would soon have the whole port area burning like hell.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ When I travel, I buy bottled water, not just to be on the safe side, but because I like to drink it cold!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In places such as North Africa and the Middle East, where water is more scarce, access to clean drinking water was and is a major factor in human development.^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Providing access to more reliable power will serve as the foundation for other improvements, such as expanded health care services, enhanced agricultural productivity, increased access to clean water, skill development and economic empowerment for the people of India.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As industrialized nations watch the price of oil bounce on a daily basis, another precious commodity is becoming more scarce by the minute - water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Health and pollution

Environmental Science Program, Iowa State University student sampling water.
.Water fit for human consumption is called drinking water or potable water.^ I do not believe that tap water is fit to drink.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have spent millions of public dollars putting in infrastructure to provide Americans with a cheap, safe, and reliable supply of potable water - why not drink it.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As to the so called environmental impact of water bottles: Why is bottled water any worse than bottled cola drinks, root beer, and other soft drinks?
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water that is not potable can be made potable by filtration or distillation (heating it until it becomes water vapor, and then capturing the vapor without any of the impurities it leaves behind), or by other methods (chemical or heat treatment that kills bacteria).^ James Bozek Says: July 7th, 2008 at 1:14 pm Cooling water or even freezing the water for months cannot kill off all the bacteria.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With typical increases in water bottle cost every year, new methods of clean water such as Water generating machines have now become less costly alternatives to bottled water without the waste of plastic, need for deliveries or even having to leave the home.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps play around with the DNA of some batches using some simple exposure to low level chemicals/radiation/other bacteria.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Sometimes the term safe water is applied to potable water of a lower quality threshold (i.e., it is used effectively for nutrition in humans that have weak access to water cleaning processes, and does more good than harm).^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ QuestAir's PSA process and proprietary rotary valve technology deliver higher efficiency than conventional PSA systems in a more compact, cost-effective package.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The use of renewable energy must be mandated because it is almost always more expensive than conventional sources and often presents problems of intermittent availability.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water that is not fit for drinking but is not harmful for humans when used for swimming or bathing is called by various names other than potable or drinking water, and is sometimes called safe water, or "safe for bathing". Chlorine is a skin and mucous membrane irritant that is used to make water safe for bathing or drinking.^ I use a water filter to make my tap water more potable.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Safe drinking water is a public service.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do not believe that tap water is fit to drink.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its use is highly technical and is usually monitored by government regulations (typically 1 part per million (ppm) for drinking water, and 1–2 ppm of chlorine not yet reacted with impurities for bathing water).^ The city water where I work is highly chlorinated and is not desirable to drink.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ L. R. Smith Says: July 12th, 2008 at 10:57 pm We drink bottled water - we have well water and I don’t trust the filtration system - although we use the house water to bath and do laundry.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I only drink water from my tap after it has been filtered because our tap water is heavily chlorinated, so heavy at times you can smell the chlorine.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This natural resource is becoming scarcer in certain places, and its availability is a major social and economic concern.^ Unless we dramatically change our consumption practices, the Earth's finite resources of petroleum and natural gas will become depleted in this century.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Availability of large volumes of low- priced natural gas feedstock is critical to the economics of GTL plants.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After all, our economic activity is based on the use of natural and human resources.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Currently, about a billion people around the world routinely drink unhealthy water.^ The bottled water industry markets to people in a way to make people BELIEVE that they need to be drinking more and more water and to BELIEVE that it is only good if it comes from a bottle.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Half the world's people live in countries where water tables are falling.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ R. Mayer Says: July 8th, 2008 at 1:47 am I drink filtered tap water because I’m very concerned about the waste in landfills.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most countries accepted the goal of halving by 2015 the number of people worldwide who do not have access to safe water and sanitation during the 2003 G8 Evian summit.^ I think the fact that some people can discern differences in the taste of water is lost on those who cannot.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet after years of seeing people filling their shopping carts with countless numbers of bottled water of 500 ml, I am so disgusted with this waste that I no longer buy bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .Even if this difficult goal is met, it will still leave more than an estimated half a billion people without access to safe drinking water and over a billion without access to adequate sanitation.^ They still pay more for water than the price of gasoline.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Safe drinking water is a public service.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we all drink tap water the government will be more careful to have the water safe to drink.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Poor water quality and bad sanitation are deadly; some five million deaths a year are caused by polluted drinking water.^ Maybe some are even offered several million $ to their favorite charity or cause, further blurring the lines...
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ About 2 percent of adults and 5 percent of children in the U.S. suffer from food allergies, and they cause roughly 150 deaths and 30,000 emergency-room treatments each year.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This proves to be their undoing as the SEC has the five held without bail in a D.C. jail, where they end up drinking the water they themselves had previously tainted with truth serum.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.The World Health Organization estimates that safe water could prevent 1.4 million child deaths from diarrhea each year.^ According to estimates from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, food-borne pathogens account for 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths in the United States each year.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For if Dr Mills is right, the water covering 70 per cent of the world could become a virtually limitless source of cheap, clean energy.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is true that water from the tap is safe from a bacterial standpoint because of the chlorine, however, the levels of chlorine allowed in the US are 8 times higher than what the WHO(World Health Organization) and WCC (World Chlorine Council) recommend.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .Water, however, is not a finite resource, but rather re-circulated as potable water in precipitation in quantities many degrees of magnitude higher than human consumption.^ First the water temperature raises 12 degrees making this hurricane stronger than anything ever imagined.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Unless we dramatically change our consumption practices, the Earth's finite resources of petroleum and natural gas will become depleted in this century.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the biggest question of all is why climate scientists still seem so reluctant to accept that humans are more resourceful than the average turkey.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore, it is the relatively small quantity of water in reserve in the earth (about 1% of our drinking water supply, which is replenished in aquifers around every 1 to 10 years), that is a non-renewable resource, and it is, rather, the distribution of potable and irrigation water which is scarce, rather than the actual amount of it that exists on the earth.^ Water is actually my favorite (non-alcoholic) drink!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elaine Says: July 8th, 2008 at 10:13 am The main reason I drink bottled water is because of the convenience of moving with it.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I only drink water from my tap after it has been filtered because our tap water is heavily chlorinated, so heavy at times you can smell the chlorine.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water-poor countries use importation of goods as the primary method of importing water (to leave enough for local human consumption), since the manufacturing process uses around 10 to 100 times products' masses in water.^ We have used bottled water at home on occasion when the local water system was under construction and available water was off color and flavor.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is introduced into the water supplies - no-one notices for 9 months, by which time the whole country is sterile.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ With such a small portion of the water produced each day by public water supplies being used for human consumption ( <1%) it is not economically feasible for these supplies to treat water to the level one needs for a more healthly lifestyle.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the developing world, 90% of all wastewater still goes untreated into local rivers and streams.^ The team, all of them young, beautiful, and brilliant, was recently granted accolades from the president himself for developing the world's first-ever unbreakable encryption scheme.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The terrorist do kill a few people out of the gate, but herd most of them into the local high school (with the plan to blow them up at the end of all this).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The other terrorst are mad scientist who develop what is known as the "suckulon 5000" which forces all the worlds oil supply to retreat into the core of the earth thus causing total chaos.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[26] .Some 50 countries, with roughly a third of the world’s population, also suffer from medium or high water stress, and 17 of these extract more water annually than is recharged through their natural water cycles.^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They design enzymes that are more stable than normal enzymes at high temperatures."
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bottled water creates waste, hurts communities affected by bottled water, is more expensive than tap water and is sometimes even less safe (or simply just local tap water in a bottle).
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] The strain not only affects surface freshwater bodies like rivers and lakes, but it also degrades groundwater resources.

Human uses

Agriculture

Irrigation of field crops
.The most important use of water in agriculture is for irrigation, which is a key component to produce enough food.^ We may wake up one morning and there won't be enough grain to go around, and not enough water to produce enough grain.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ CO + H2 The Water-gas Shift reaction is then used to produce additional hydrogen: CO + H2O ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Irrigation takes up to 90% of water withdrawn in some developing countries[28] and significant proportions in more economically developed countries (United States, 30% of freshwater usage is for irrigation).^ J. M. B. Says: July 8th, 2008 at 12:13 am I drink filtered tap water because it this is the United States and we have clean water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If I used bottled water all the time I’d be taking recycling out way more often.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29]

Water as a scientific standard

On 7 April 1795, the gram was defined in France to be equal to "the absolute weight of a volume of pure water equal to a cube of one hundredth of a meter, and to the temperature of the melting ice."[30] For practical purposes though, a metallic reference standard was required, one thousand times more massive, the kilogram. .Work was therefore commissioned to determine precisely the mass of one liter of water.^ Water Day : Twenty liters of water is about what one person can carry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In spite of the fact that the decreed definition of the gram specified water at 0 °C—a highly reproducible temperature—the scientists chose to redefine the standard and to perform their measurements at the temperature of highest water density, which was measured at the time as 4 °C (39 °F).^ However I did move from a city that chlorinated so heavily at times I definitely chose bottled water over the tap.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Six samples exceeded this "10 times the drinking water standard" level for cadmium, as did single samples for chromium and selenium.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tap water is highly regulated and monitored for purity, unlike bottled water, and is MUCH less expensive, with less of a “carbon footprint.” Tap water gets my vote every time!
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
.The Kelvin temperature scale of the SI system is based on the triple point of water, defined as exactly 273.16 K or 0.01 °C. The scale is a more accurate development of the Celsius temperature scale, which was originally defined according the boiling point (set to 100 °C) and melting point (set to 0 °C) of water.^ The idea is that the rib launches missiles at the Sellafield site, causing a breach and the large-scale model aircraft are launched in multiple waves to impact at exactly the same point and inflict more damage resulting in a nuclear leakage.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Versa, the program's goal is to develop a large-scale solid oxide fuel cell turbine power system of 100 megawatts and larger, permitting an overall efficiency of at least 50 percent in converting coal to grid electrical power.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Natural water consists mainly of the isotopes hydrogen-1 and oxygen-16, but there is also small quantity of heavier isotopes such as hydrogen-2 (deuterium).^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laura Says: July 9th, 2008 at 12:16 pm We drink bottle water mainly for inertia, for habit to bubbling flavour.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When hydrogen and oxygen combine, they produce water, making fuel cells a clean power source.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The amount of deuterium oxides or heavy water is very small, but it still affects the properties of water.^ Anything that holds small amounts of water can be used.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Adding heavy water allows critical mass to be reached and a very large breeder fission source results.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Very small number of companies still use air-gap; usually somewhere there is an ftp connection with the password conviniently saved as reversable hash.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water from rivers and lakes tends to contain less deuterium than seawater.^ Bottled water creates waste, hurts communities affected by bottled water, is more expensive than tap water and is sometimes even less safe (or simply just local tap water in a bottle).
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In disaster areas hit by floods and storms and earthquakes, bottled water is far more trustworthy than containers filled from taps.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These two methods will save more of your water footprint than worrying about the kind container someone else drinks their water (or pop or beer, etc).
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Therefore, standard water is defined in the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water specification.

For drinking

A young girl drinking bottled water
Water quality: fraction of population using improved water sources by country
The human body is anywhere from 55% to 78% water depending on body size.[32] .To function properly, the body requires between one and seven liters of water per day to avoid dehydration; the precise amount depends on the level of activity, temperature, humidity, and other factors.^ Water Day : Twenty liters of water is about what one person can carry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With such a small portion of the water produced each day by public water supplies being used for human consumption ( <1%) it is not economically feasible for these supplies to treat water to the level one needs for a more healthly lifestyle.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is likely to be more efficient than other proposed methods because it produces higher temperatures while requiring less input energy.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most of this is ingested through foods or beverages other than drinking straight water.^ Lisa Stalnaker Says: July 8th, 2008 at 9:09 am I drink tap water because it is inexpensive, convenient, and better for the environment than bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of us are making a valiant financial effort and cutting out other things so taht we dont drink water that has undergone the chlorine/ammonia process.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Liz C Says: July 7th, 2008 at 5:45 pm I drink tap water filtered through a faucet-mounted charcoal filter.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is not clear how much water intake is needed by healthy people, though most advocates agree that 6–7 glasses of water (approximately 2 liters) daily is the minimum to maintain proper hydration.^ I am horrified by how easy corporations such as Pepsi and Coca Cola convince people to buy water that in many cases is more expensive than gasoline.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But most of all, the environmental cost is much too high to buy bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The device looks like a large glass jug that holds about 1 liter, fitted with specialized caps that house the electrical gadgetry needed to produce a plasma.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] Medical literature favors a lower consumption, typically 1 liter of water for an average male, excluding extra requirements due to fluid loss from exercise or warm weather.[34] .For those who have healthy kidneys, it is rather difficult to drink too much water, but (especially in warm humid weather and while exercising) it is dangerous to drink too little.^ By the way those of you who have written about the taste of tap water, the filter i use totally eliminates any chlorine taste from the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though I know my Brita filter probably doesn’t remove those, I can understand if some choose to drink bottled spring water as a potential alternative.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the fact that some people can discern differences in the taste of water is lost on those who cannot.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.People can drink far more water than necessary while exercising, however, putting them at risk of water intoxication (hyperhydration), which can be fatal.^ The carbohydrate economy may have a far more profound impact on agriculture than on energy.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To kill more than a few hundred people, you need synchronization or people will begin to respond and minimize the damage.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.The "fact" that a person should consume eight glasses of water per day cannot be traced back to a scientific source.^ For if Dr Mills is right, the water covering 70 per cent of the world could become a virtually limitless source of cheap, clean energy.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water Day : Twenty liters of water is about what one person can carry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific projections tell us we should be very alarmed about that fact.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .There are other myths such as the effect of water on weight loss and constipation that have been dispelled.^ I rely on bottled water at other times when it is more convenient than filling and carry my Nalgene bottle or it is offered at events such as picnics, sporting events, etc.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many other important characteristics of storage technologies, such as cycle life, O&M costs, memory effects, response time, and size/weight, so the technologies which look best on this graph will not be the best for all applications.
  • Alternative Energy Stocks: Electric Grid Archives 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.altenergystocks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There may be other compressed gases, such as normal air, that have better liquid/gas compression ratios and hence are more suitable for this type of attack.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[36]
Hazard symbol for No drinking water
.An original recommendation for water intake in 1945 by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council read: "An ordinary standard for diverse persons is 1 milliliter for each calorie of food.^ [Read the chapters on meat-packing plants in Fast Food Nation.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Terrorists secretly infiltrate our nation's fast-food conglomerates and change the recipes to be high in calories and saturated fats.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Most of this quantity is contained in prepared foods."[37] .The latest dietary reference intake report by the United States National Research Council in general recommended (including food sources): 2.7 liters of water total for women and 3.7 liters for men.^ One could argue that the United States has already seen a shift of sorts from coal to gas in the generation sector.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than 1,000 landfills in Canada, the United States and Europe capture energy from LFG by burning it to generate electricity or to heat buildings.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] Specifically, pregnant and breastfeeding women need additional fluids to stay hydrated. .According to the Institute of Medicine—who recommend that, on average, women consume 2.2 liters and men 3.0 liters—this is recommended to be 2.4 liters (10 cups) for pregnant women and 3 liters (12 cups) for breastfeeding women since an especially large amount of fluid is lost during nursing.^ According to Shaun Burnie of Greenpeace International, "fusion power in theory relies on the use of relatively large amounts of tritium.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .Also noted is that normally, about 20% of water intake comes from food, while the rest comes from drinking water and beverages (caffeinated included).^ It normally passes 20 million amps of electrical current through a cluster of tungsten wires about the size of a spool of thread.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It saves about 99 percent of the normal need for space- and water- heating energy, about 90 percent of the household electricity, and half the water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Terrorists are disappointed to discover that America's drinking water supplies come from hundreds of disjoint reservoirs and distribution systems.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Water is excreted from the body in multiple forms; through urine and faeces, through sweating, and by exhalation of water vapor in the breath. .With physical exertion and heat exposure, water loss will increase and daily fluid needs may increase as well.^ It saves about 99 percent of the normal need for space- and water- heating energy, about 90 percent of the household electricity, and half the water.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water is a very good heat absorber, so the increase in heat feeds on itself, and it basically becomes impossible to stop.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Humans require water that does not contain too many impurities.^ This would require large reusable containers for storing the water and reusable bottles for drinking.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I see many more Pepsi and Coca Cola bottles along side the road than bottled water containers.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Humans can get water through many other sources such as fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Common impurities include metal salts and oxides (including copper, iron, calcium and lead)[40] and/or harmful bacteria, such as Vibrio.^ Previously, a lack of computing power limited such models to single pure materials like copper or iron.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Acid rain comprised primarily of hydrofluoric acid would have the subtle effect of preventing the use of several import metal ions in the body, including calcium.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Some solutes are acceptable and even desirable for taste enhancement and to provide needed electrolytes.[41]
The single largest freshwater resource suitable for drinking is Lake Baikal in Siberia, which has a very low salt and calcium content and is therefore very clean.

Hygiene

.The ability of water to make solutions and emulsions is used for washing.^ The large plastic bottles used in the water dispensers are carefully designed to make it difficult to introduce anything into the water without the seals being obviously broken.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based gel, especially after coughing or sneezing.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many industrial processes rely on reactions using chemicals dissolved in water, suspension of solids in water slurries or using water to dissolve and extract substances.^ Terrorist use a front company ("Jihad Industrial Chemical Supply" ?
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ CO + H2 The Water-gas Shift reaction is then used to produce additional hydrogen: CO + H2O ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, no chemical substances are used that might be sniffed by bomb-squad dogs.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Chemical uses

.Water is widely used in chemical reactions as a solvent or reactant and less commonly as a solute or catalyst.^ CO + H2 The Water-gas Shift reaction is then used to produce additional hydrogen: CO + H2O ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In inorganic reactions, water is a common solvent, dissolving many ionic compounds. .In organic reactions, it is not usually used as a reaction solvent, because it does not dissolve the reactants well and is amphoteric (acidic and basic) and nucleophilic.^ I used to live in Davis and they have well water that is very hard and does not quench your thirst.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nevertheless, these properties are sometimes desirable. Also, acceleration of Diels-Alder reactions by water has been observed. Supercritical water has recently been a topic of research. Oxygen-saturated supercritical water combusts organic pollutants efficiently.

As a heat transfer fluid

Ice used for cooling.
.Water and steam are used as heat transfer fluids in diverse heat exchange systems, due to its availability and high heat capacity, both as a coolant and for heating.^ The heat was used to produce high pressure steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among them are AeroVironment and Aerotecture, both specializing in backyard windmills that power lights, appliances, and heating and cooling systems without polluting.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Combined cycle refers to the practice of using the waste heat from a power generation device to produce steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cool water may even be naturally available from a lake or the sea.^ The cooling of lake water will allow it to stew for a year undetected, at which point the Cobalt 60, if dispersed could devastate part of the eastern seaboard.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Condensing steam is a particularly efficient heating fluid because of the large heat of vaporization.^ We are looking to characterise these fluids so we fully understand their heat conductive properties under static and dynamic conditions in both large and micro channels."
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A disadvantage is that water and steam are somewhat corrosive. .In almost all electric power stations, water is the coolant, which vaporizes and drives steam turbines to drive generators.^ The steam in turn powered a steam turbine electric generator.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Combined cycle refers to the practice of using the waste heat from a power generation device to produce steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the U.S., cooling power plants is the largest use of water.^ The program includes a guarantee that CL&P or United Illuminating will buy any excess power that the owner of a private plant cannot use.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FPL Energy's 278-megawatt King Mountain Wind Ranch is the largest wind power plant in Texas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So perhaps it's no coincidence that the largest containers allowed for use exporting water from Michigan are been fixed by law at 20 liters or 5.7 gallons, which is slightly bigger.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29]
.In the nuclear industry, water can also be used as a neutron moderator.^ Current thermal reactors use a moderator to reduce the neutrons' velocity, making them capable of sustaining the nuclear fission reaction using simpler fuel.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a pressurized water reactor, water is both a coolant and a moderator.^ Pressure Water Reactors .
  • Titanium Information and Resources 9 January 2010 0:56 UTC www.titanium.cc [Source type: Reference]

.This provides a passive safety measure, as removing the water from the reactor also slows the nuclear reaction down.^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [CH2]n + H2O The simultaneous Fischer-Tropsch and Water-Gas Shift reactions in the reactor leads directly to the complete reaction: 2C + H2O + O2 ?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Current thermal reactors use a moderator to reduce the neutrons' velocity, making them capable of sustaining the nuclear fission reaction using simpler fuel.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Extinguishing fires

Water is used for fighting wildfires.
.Water has a high heat of vaporization and is relatively inert, which makes it a good fire extinguishing fluid.^ Water is a very good heat absorber, so the increase in heat feeds on itself, and it basically becomes impossible to stop.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is feasible to make muzzle-loading smooth-bore cannons firing high-velocity saboted armor-piercing hardened, sharpened bolts with fins.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

The evaporation of water carries heat away from the fire. .However, water cannot be used to fight fires of electric equipment, because impure water is electrically conductive, or of oils and organic solvents, because they float on water and the explosive boiling of water tends to spread the burning liquid.^ Oil normally burns as a liquid.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ FDNY will be overwhelmed, and most fires will spread unchecked, collapsing more buildings, exposing more fuel, and over days Manhattan will burn to the ground.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile, the unsuspecting motorists cannot be warned because the terrorists used stolen signs to warn the approaching traffic, "Blasting in area--Turn off all radios."
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Use of water in fire fighting should also take into account the hazards of a steam explosion, which may occur when water is used on very hot fires in confined spaces, and of a hydrogen explosion, when substances which react with water, such as certain metals or hot graphite, decompose the water, producing hydrogen gas.^ Instead of water, it makes hydrogen gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Take it up and Dump it into the head waters of the Snake and Mississippi..
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The major clean coal technology is gasification, specifically the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant, which converts coal into a syngas that produces hydrogen and steam while sequestering the CO2.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The power of such explosions was seen in the Chernobyl disaster, although the water involved did not come from fire-fighting at that time but the reactor's own water cooling system.^ Among them are AeroVironment and Aerotecture, both specializing in backyard windmills that power lights, appliances, and heating and cooling systems without polluting.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With planes under your physical control, you can design, build and install the delivery system in your own time.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Six samples exceeded this "10 times the drinking water standard" level for cadmium, as did single samples for chromium and selenium.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A steam explosion occurred when the extreme over-heating of the core caused water to flash into steam.^ The resulting fireball will turn the waters at the bottom of the lake into steam, causing the rest of the lake to cascade through the entire Great Lakes region, flooding lakeside cities and eradicating hydroelectric plants, water treatment plants, and all shipping on the Great Lakes."
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Into the car they have packed a large number of grenades, guns and ammo and a large suicide charge with a timer which will eventually cause an explosion should it not be triggered by a terrorist.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Terrorists break into water treatment plants and taint the water with the chemical sodium cloride, causing the boiling point to the raised.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.A hydrogen explosion may have occurred as a result of reaction between steam and hot zirconium.^ As in all fuel cells, the electrochemical process is based on a reaction between hydrogen and oxygen which liberates electric power and heat.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Recreation

.Humans use water for many recreational purposes, as well as for exercising and for sports.^ Buying the pre-filled water bottles is way more expensive than buying a water bottle and using it for many years.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Las Vegas many neighborhood receive well water directly from a well field.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is something we can use to treat our water with as well, excellent to put in distilled or reverse osmosis water or any water for that matter.
  • Freedom Club USA - Health News 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.freedomclubusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some of these include swimming, waterskiing, boating, surfing and diving. .In addition, some sports, like ice hockey and ice skating, are played on ice.^ While some Canadians have been delighted by the milder winter, many are disappointed about thinner ice for ice skating and hockey and less snow in the ski resorts.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Lakesides, beaches and waterparks are popular places for people to go to relax and enjoy recreation. .Many find the sound and appearance of flowing water to be calming, and fountains and other water features in public or private decorations..^ On both the private and public markets, solar outshined other energy technologies.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other publications, the authors do cover energy efficiency in detail, for example in A Candidate Army Energy and Water Management Strategy (118 pages, PDF 2mb).
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There are many, many cases where DNA has told us about species' relationships that we never would have guessed based on appearances or other characteristics.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some keep fish and other life in aquariums or ponds for show, fun, and companionship. Humans also use water for snow sports i.e. skiing, sledding, snowmobiling or snowboarding, which requires the water to be frozen. .People may also use water for play fighting such as with snowballs, water guns or water balloons.^ Such a new method may be useful for treating a number of neurodegenerative diseases beyond Parkinson's, he says.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Water industry

A water-carrier in India, 1882. In many places where running water was not available, water had to be transported by people.
A manual water pump in China
.The water industry provides drinking water and wastewater services (including sewage treatment) to households and industry.^ It is also the amount the World Water Council considers the minimum needed for daily human existence, including drinking, washing and cooking.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water supply facilities include water wells cisterns for rainwater harvesting, water supply network, water purification facilities, water tanks, water towers, water pipes including old aqueducts.^ Under "cleantech," the Ann Arbor, Michigan-based network includes clean energy technologies, as well as other environmentally friendly technologies such as water purification and reforestation, and related materials and manufacturing technologies.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Clean Michigan Initiative has helped renovate old industrial sites, protect water supplies and improve parks for nearly a decade.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of them are located next to rivers, so an explosion has the double effect of contaminating the river next to it, thus contaminating the drinking water supply as well.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Atmospheric water generators are in development.
.Drinking water is often collected at springs, extracted from artificial borings (wells) in the ground, or pumped from lakes and rivers.^ Water Well Pumps .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Titanium Information and Resources 9 January 2010 0:56 UTC www.titanium.cc [Source type: Reference]

^ Submersible Water Well Pumps .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Titanium Information and Resources 9 January 2010 0:56 UTC www.titanium.cc [Source type: Reference]

^ Water Well Jet Pumps .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Titanium Information and Resources 9 January 2010 0:56 UTC www.titanium.cc [Source type: Reference]

.Building more wells in adequate places is thus a possible way to produce more water, assuming the aquifers can supply an adequate flow.^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ "With more and more businesses proving that hydrogen power is practical, clean and here to stay, we are well on our way to a hydrogen future.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More team members get caught, leading to the final operation involving poisoning the water supply of mid-size or small towns, one by one until each terrorist is caught.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Other water sources include rainwater collection. Water may require purification for human consumption. This may involve removal of undissolved substances, dissolved substances and harmful microbes. Popular methods are filtering with sand which only removes undissolved material, while chlorination and boiling kill harmful microbes. Distillation does all three functions. More advanced techniques exist, such as reverse osmosis. .Desalination of abundant seawater is a more expensive solution used in coastal arid climates.^ The use of renewable energy must be mandated because it is almost always more expensive than conventional sources and often presents problems of intermittent availability.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The distribution of drinking water is done through municipal water systems, tanker delivery or as bottled water.^ Terrorists are disappointed to discover that America's drinking water supplies come from hundreds of disjoint reservoirs and distribution systems.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The Department of Energy defines distributed generation as \'a variety of small, modular power-generating technologies that used to improve the operation of the local electricity delivery system.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Suppose a small group of people attacked the water distribution system.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Governments in many countries have programs to distribute water to the needy at no charge.^ First of all at least tap water (I live in NYC which has one of the best tap water in a country) is being checked by government and has to adhere to set standards.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is introduced into the water supplies - no-one notices for 9 months, by which time the whole country is sterile.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ In my mind, there is no need to drink bottled water in this country.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Others argue that the market mechanism and free enterprise are best to manage this rare resource and to finance the boring of wells or the construction of dams and reservoirs.^ Concluding his remarks, he argued that the strength of the United States is in the free enterprise system premised upon competition.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tapping into Market Forces and the Economy What are the strengths and limits of free market mechanisms versus government regulation in achieving sustainable development?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Reducing usage by using drinking (potable) water only for human consumption is another option.^ The program will provide financing for various energy projects that use equipment or services to reduce energy consumption or operating costs as permitted by applicable Connecticut statutes.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The city once used fire hydrants for bringing our drinking water to our neighborhood.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Use lesser-known remote water filtration stations, typically unmanned and only protected by a single padlock.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.In some cities such as Hong Kong, sea water is extensively used for flushing toilets citywide in order to conserve fresh water resources.^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using city-sized arrays they damage aircraft, some of which crash due to control issues.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The city once used fire hydrants for bringing our drinking water to our neighborhood.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Polluting water may be the biggest single misuse of water; to the extent that a pollutant limits other uses of the water, it becomes a waste of the resource, regardless of benefits to the polluter.^ If the water was too polluted with minerals and other deposits, it could be used for irrigation or to supply industrial or commercial operations, like the Swanbank Power Station, she said.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The one thing that you have to worry about is the pollution created by the power plant that creates the electricity used to split the water into hydrogen and oxygen.

^ Consumers who were unsure about using ethanol-blended fuels may become new customers, producers say, and Iowa could reap major benefits as one of the nation's top corn-growing and ethanol-producing states.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like other types of pollution, this does not enter standard accounting of market costs, being conceived as externalities for which the market cannot account.^ According to this fable, the industry pollutes at will, resists attempts to force controls on it and blithely leaves the costs of cleaning up to others, or worse, to another generation.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, pollution is an externality which is sometimes taxed by government in order to make the entity responsible "internalize" the full costs of production.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over the past five years we have seen markets begin to incorporate the external cost of carbon dioxide emissions.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus other people pay the price of water pollution, while the private firms' profits are not redistributed to the local population victim of this pollution.^ If the water was too polluted with minerals and other deposits, it could be used for irrigation or to supply industrial or commercial operations, like the Swanbank Power Station, she said.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Industrial pollution is difficult to control because local officials often ignore emissions standards to appease polluting factories that pay local taxes.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A European Commission report also said that 15 million people - a third of Spain's population - are at risk of cancer, heart problems and asthma as a result of the polluted air over Madrid, Barcelona, Seville and other major cities.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pharmaceuticals consumed by humans often end up in the waterways and can have detrimental effects on aquatic life if they bioaccumulate and if they are not biodegradable.^ This proves to be their undoing as the SEC has the five held without bail in a D.C. jail, where they end up drinking the water they themselves had previously tainted with truth serum.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The lack of human targets allows the terrorists to speed up and they are almost in sight of their target.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ As a movie, the plot may end up being a cross between Outbreak and a season of 24--more concerned with the medical response than catching the terrorists, as they will all be dead when they succomb to the effects of the disease.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Wastewater facilities are storm sewers and wastewater treatment plants.^ Why not bomb the sewer mains coming into a water treatment plant in a few major metropolises?
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Normally, sewer treatment plants treat the sewer for a very large population.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Take NYC. If you could manage to destroy the treatment plants, and block up the sewers, you would have millions of people wallowing in their own feces.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Another way to remove pollution from surface runoff water is bioswale.^ Another $54 million is tagged for Nuclear Power 2010, which should pave the way for new, advanced light-water reactors by 2010.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Industrial applications

.Water is used in power generation.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Combined cycle refers to the practice of using the waste heat from a power generation device to produce steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hydroelectricity is electricity obtained from hydropower. .Hydroelectric power comes from water driving a water turbine connected to a generator.^ Hydrogen electrochemically recombines with oxygen in a fuel cell to generate power, and water is the only by-product.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The steam in turn powered a steam turbine electric generator.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cells take hydrogen and other products of coal gasification and turn them into electric power along with heat that drives turbine generators.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hydroelectricity is a low-cost, non-polluting, renewable energy source.^ Petroleum Historically, no other energy source equals oil's intrinsic qualities of extractability, transportability, versatility, and cost.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Importantly, hydroelectric power, which is currently widely used in regional power generation, would not qualify as a renewable power source, although power companies could count some extra energy gained through costly dam upgrades.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our best options for meeting future energy requirements are energy efficiency and renewable sources.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The energy is supplied by the sun. Heat from the sun evaporates water, which condenses as rain in higher altitudes, from where it flows down.
.Pressurized water is used in water blasting and water jet cutters.^ Used Water Jet Cutting Machines .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Aluminum Suppliers Information and Resources 10 February 2010 11:10 UTC www.aluminumsuppliers.net [Source type: Reference]

^ High Pressure Water Jet Cutting .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Aluminum Suppliers Information and Resources 10 February 2010 11:10 UTC www.aluminumsuppliers.net [Source type: Reference]

^ Pressure Water Jet Cutting .
  • Rubber Molding Information and Resources 30 January 2010 3:18 UTC www.rubbermolding.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Aluminum Suppliers Information and Resources 10 February 2010 11:10 UTC www.aluminumsuppliers.net [Source type: Reference]

.Also, very high pressure water guns are used for precise cutting.^ General Atomics naturally points to the potential for using nuclear reactors for high volume high-temperature electrolysis or thermochemical conversion of water to hydrogen.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a *very hard* radiation source that can used for rapid high-scale sterilisation of things, and can be drawn by an articulated lorry (or truck, whatever you call them in the US).
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The heat was used to produce high pressure steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It works very well, is relatively safe, and is not harmful to the environment. .It is also used in the cooling of machinery to prevent over-heating, or prevent saw blades from over-heating.^ Debate heats up over Net neutrality Should phone companies be prevented from charging Internet service providers extra for using their networks?
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water is also used in many industrial processes and machines, such as the steam turbine and heat exchanger, in addition to its use as a chemical solvent.^ At least a third of the amount of the gas in the atmosphere is the resultof human activities such as fuel combustion, biomass burning, fertiliser useand some industrial processes.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Combined cycle refers to the practice of using the waste heat from a power generation device to produce steam.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Terrorist use a front company ("Jihad Industrial Chemical Supply" ?
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Discharge of untreated water from industrial uses is pollution. Pollution includes discharged solutes (chemical pollution) and discharged coolant water (thermal pollution). .Industry requires pure water for many applications and utilizes a variety of purification techniques both in water supply and discharge.^ The Clean Michigan Initiative has helped renovate old industrial sites, protect water supplies and improve parks for nearly a decade.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taking out the dam will screw over water & electricity supply in that region, both items very much in need.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Each group travels around the country dumping a variety of bio-contaminants into local water supplies.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Food processing

Water can be used to cook foods such as noodles.
.Water plays many critical roles within the field of food science.^ The Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM), invented by scientists at IBM in Zurich in the early 1980s, now plays a key role in fields ranging from biology to nanotechnology.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is important for a food scientist to understand the roles that water plays within food processing to ensure the success of their products.^ With their increased ease of use and effective disinfection capabilities, the new atmospheric-pressure cold plasma reactors may end up playing an important role in the delivery of safe food products to dinner plates around the world, Denes says.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While confinement plays an important role, other factors are also at play.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM), invented by scientists at IBM in Zurich in the early 1980s, now plays a key role in fields ranging from biology to nanotechnology.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Solutes such as salts and sugars found in water affect the physical properties of water.^ Such measurements provide a "Rosetta Stone" for translating the physical properties of other brown dwarfs, even those not in a binary system, according to Stassun.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While all the successes of conventional quantum mechanics are kept, a whole raft of solutions to previously insoluble problems emerge such as the predictions of the properties of molecules.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The boiling and freezing points of water is affected by solutes.^ Terrorists break into water treatment plants and taint the water with the chemical sodium cloride, causing the boiling point to the raised.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.One mole of sucrose (sugar) per kilogram of water raises the boiling point of water by 0.51 °C, and one mole of salt per kg raises the boiling point by 1.02 °C; similarly, increasing the number of dissolved particles lowers water's freezing point.^ Terrorists break into water treatment plants and taint the water with the chemical sodium cloride, causing the boiling point to the raised.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Increased ethanol consumption over the last 25 years may have raised the overall price of corn by 10 to 15 cents per bushel.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Make sure it has a limited number of access points (say two, one for the highway coming in, one for the highway going out) and block them with semi's first thing in the morning.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[42] Solutes in water also affect water activity which affects many chemical reactions and the growth of microbes in food.[43] Water activity can be described as a ratio of the vapor pressure of water in a solution to the vapor pressure of pure water.[42] Solutes in water lower water activity. .This is important to know because most bacterial growth ceases at low levels of water activity.^ "They are in a perfect position to take the lead here because they have the research skills to ask the most important and valuable questions."
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] Not only does microbial growth affect the safety of food but also the preservation and shelf life of food.
Water hardness is also a critical factor in food processing. It can dramatically affect the quality of a product as well as playing a role in sanitation. .Water hardness is classified based on the amounts of removable calcium carbonate salt it contains per gallon.^ Exhaust air from the fuel cell contains water vapour and carbon dioxide.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So perhaps it's no coincidence that the largest containers allowed for use exporting water from Michigan are been fixed by law at 20 liters or 5.7 gallons, which is slightly bigger.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water hardness is measured in grains; 0.064 g calcium carbonate is equivalent to one grain of hardness.^ We may wake up one morning and there won't be enough grain to go around, and not enough water to produce enough grain.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] .Water is classified as soft if it contains 1 to 4 grains, medium if it contains 5 to 10 grains and hard if it contains 11 to 20 grains.^ So perhaps it's no coincidence that the largest containers allowed for use exporting water from Michigan are been fixed by law at 20 liters or 5.7 gallons, which is slightly bigger.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.[42] The hardness of water may be altered or treated by using a chemical ion exchange system.^ Such a new method may be useful for treating a number of neurodegenerative diseases beyond Parkinson's, he says.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The hardness of water also affects its pH balance which plays a critical role in food processing. For example, hard water prevents successful production of clear beverages. .Water hardness also affects sanitation; with increasing hardness, there is a loss of effectiveness for its use as a sanitizer.^ These can be used to thuroughly disable important infrastructure like power generation, water sanitation, and essential services like hospitals, police, and firefighters.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Then there's the escalating effects: Due to lack of rail transport, companies are forced to use trucks which further increases demand for oil.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

[42]
Boiling, steaming, and simmering are popular cooking methods that often require immersing food in water or its gaseous state, steam. Water is also used for dishwashing.

Water law, water politics and water crisis

An estimate of the share of people in developing countries with access to drinking water 1970–2000
Water politics is politics affected by water and water resources. For this reason, water is a strategic resource in the globe and an important element in many political conflicts. .It causes health impacts and damage to biodiversity.^ These targets would be impacted greatly to cause significant damage.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.1.6 billion people have gained access to a safe water source since 1990.[44] The proportion of people in developing countries with access to safe water is calculated to have improved from 30% in 1970[4] to 71% in 1990, 79% in 2000 and 84% in 2004. This trend is projected to continue.^ Half the world's people live in countries where water tables are falling.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On population growth, close to 3 billion people will be added between now and mid-century, the vast majority in countries where water tables are already falling and wells are going dry.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .To halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water is one of the Millennium Development Goals.^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His duties include helping the Governor's Association achieve its goal of developing 30,000 MW of clean and diversified electricity generation in the West by 2015.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This goal is projected to be reached.
A 2006 United Nations report stated that "there is enough water for everyone", but that access to it is hampered by mismanagement and corruption.[45]
.The UN World Water Development Report (WWDR, 2003) from the World Water Assessment Program indicates that, in the next 20 years, the quantity of water available to everyone is predicted to decrease by 30%.^ In fact, we believe that sustainable development will be the primary driver of industrial and economic change over the next 50 years.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the WindEnergy Study 2006 the total world-wide installed power of wind energy plants will more than double over the next five years.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With today marking World Water Day, it would be nice to report that all is well with this invaluable resource.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.40% of the world's inhabitants currently have insufficient fresh water for minimal hygiene.^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water mystery Each year, about 40,000 cubic kilometres of water flows down the world's rivers - a figure that grew by about 3% during the 20th century.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More than 2.2 million people died in 2000 from waterborne diseases (related to the consumption of contaminated water) or drought.^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With a total investment in Hamlin of $12 million, the plant would have an annual production capacity of 20 MW and create more than 100 new jobs.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To kill more than a few hundred people, you need synchronization or people will begin to respond and minimize the damage.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.In 2004, the UK charity WaterAid reported that a child dies every 15 seconds from easily preventable water-related diseases; often this means lack of sewage disposal; see toilet.^ "The blunt truth is that the lack of water and agricultural land is a significant contributory factor to the tragic conflict we see unfolding in Darfur," he declared.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Organizations concerned with water protection include International Water Association (IWA), WaterAid, Water 1st, American Water Resources Association. Water related conventions are United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and Ramsar Convention. .World Day for Water takes place on 22 March and World Ocean Day on 8 June.^ Free and open to the public, the contest is slated to take place at the Monona Terrace Convention Center on March 21-23.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ The next attack takes place on the same day as the first and consists of 8 larger bombs in subway carriages, buses and trains.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water used in the production of a good or service is virtual water.^ The cell will claim that this person, an average American by using government services is supporting the oppression of good Muslims in the Far East.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ These can be used to thuroughly disable important infrastructure like power generation, water sanitation, and essential services like hospitals, police, and firefighters.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Water in culture

Religion

.Water is considered a purifier in most religions.^ I’m looking for the most effective, economical, enviro-friendly way to purify tap water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Major faiths that incorporate ritual washing (ablution) include Christianity, Hinduism, Rastafari movement, Islam, Shinto, Taoism, and Judaism. .Immersion (or aspersion or affusion) of a person in water is a central sacrament of Christianity (where it is called baptism); it is also a part of the practice of other religions, including Judaism (mikvah) and Sikhism (Amrit Sanskar).^ The main part is to make sure it has some easily mistaken form, to encourage people to call on other suspcious stuff.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Not everyone drinks tap water: start large fires as part of other large attacks and bystanders will breathe sprayed poisoned water from fire hoses.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.In addition, a ritual bath in pure water is performed for the dead in many religions including Judaism and Islam.^ Additionally, cities which treat their water with fluorine are adding a chemical that can have adverse health effects for many people.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I once was able to drink and bathe in my water before the EPA recommended the addition of chloramine as a disinfectant in municipal water sources.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is also true that in many countries, including ours, drinking tap water is completely safe and healthy.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Islam, the five daily prayers can be done in most cases (see Tayammum) after completing washing certain parts of the body using clean water (wudu).^ Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based gel, especially after coughing or sneezing.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the most part, public discussion of global climate change has tended to describe its effects as an environmental problem -- as a threat to safe water, arable soil, temperate forests, certain species and so on.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Shinto, water is used in almost all rituals to cleanse a person or an area (e.g., in the ritual of misogi).^ Meanwhile, the unsuspecting motorists cannot be warned because the terrorists used stolen signs to warn the approaching traffic, "Blasting in area--Turn off all radios."
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ A personal quest to promote the use of wind energy and hydrogen technology in the Great Lakes area of the United States.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Water is mentioned in the Bible 442 times in the New International Version and 363 times in the King James Version: 2 Peter 3:5(b) states, "The earth was formed out of water and by water" (NIV).^ Plot, not for contest: The grandmothers of dead terrorists continuously infiltrate the United States to form a new terrorist organization: Grandmother's of the Jihad.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Over international waters, have one or more dirty-bomb nuclear devices detonated over or in a hurricane that is approaching the gulf states.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Versions of this scenario have been mentioned a few times above, but I’ve wondered for a long time if this has been planned for.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.In the Koran it is stated that "Living things are made of water" and it is often used to described Paradise.^ Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based gel, especially after coughing or sneezing.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Philosophy

.The Ancient Greek philosopher Empedocles held that water is one of the four classical elements along with fire, earth and air, and was regarded as the ylem, or basic substance of the universe.^ We're just a short step away from universal, hand-held devices that combine communication, media, and entertainment into one slim package.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In preparation the four smartest terrorists are sent to good universities outside of the US. Three study chemical engineering with a focus on synthesis, and one studies toxicology.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Water was considered cold and moist. In the theory of the four bodily humors, water was associated with phlegm. The classical element of Water was also one of the five elements in traditional Chinese philosophy, along with earth, fire, wood, and metal.
Water is also taken as a role model in some parts of traditional and popular Asian philosophy. .James Legge's 1891 translation of the Dao De Jing states "The highest excellence is like (that of) water.^ The global growth in clean energy technologies appears likely to translate into positive economic benefits for the United States.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The excellence of water appears in its benefiting all things, and in its occupying, without striving (to the contrary), the low place which all men dislike.^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Without water all of Southern California becomes uninhabitable overnight.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Hence (its way) is near to (that of) the Tao" and "There is nothing in the world more soft and weak than water, and yet for attacking things that are firm and strong there is nothing that can take precedence of it—for there is nothing (so effectual) for which it can be changed."^ In the six months after passage of the KRAP Act, there were ten thousand more robberies than in a similar period a year earlier.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ More than one of these attacks are allowed per city, and can be done in conjuntion with the other attacks.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ "More than 300 million people in Africa currently lack access to safe water," he observed, and "climate change will worsen this dire situation" -- provoking more wars like Darfur.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Literature

Water is used in literature as a symbol of purification. Examples include the critical importance of a river in As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner and the drowning of Ophelia in Hamlet.
Sherlock Holmes held that "From a drop of water, a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other."[47]

See also

  • The Water (data page) is a collection of the chemical and physical properties of water.
Water is described in many terms and contexts:
      precipitation according to movement    precipitation according to state
    
.
  • according to occurrence
    • groundwater
    • meltwater
    • meteoric water
    • connate water
    • fresh water
    • surface water
    • mineral water – contains many minerals
    • brackish water
    • dead water – strange phenomenon which can occur when a layer of fresh or brackish water rests on top of denser salt water, without the two layers mixing.^ Evil nanobots from dead girl brain juices oozing from her brain mix with disgusting mucky ground water.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ For that matter, the entire city of Salt Lake is fed by two water mains coming from the mountains that are totally exposed.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      .It is dangerous for ship traveling.
    • seawater
    • brine
  • according to uses
    • tap water
    • bottled water
    • drinking water or potable water – useful for everyday drinking, without fouling, it contains balanced minerals that are not harmful to health (see below)
    • purified water, laboratory-grade, analytical-grade or reagent-grade water – water which has been highly purified for specific uses in science or engineering.^ If the water under the ship contains enough rising gas, then the ship will sink.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ FAIR USE NOTICE This newsletter may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner.
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ This proves to be their undoing as the SEC has the five held without bail in a D.C. jail, where they end up drinking the water they themselves had previously tainted with truth serum.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      .Often broadly classified as Type I, Type II, or Type III, this category of water includes, but is not limited to, the following:
  • according to other features
    • soft water – contains fewer minerals
    • hard water – from underground, contains more minerals
    • distilled water, double distilled water, deionized water – contains no minerals
    • Water of crystallization — water incorporated into crystalline structures
    • Hydrates — water bound into other chemical substances
    • heavy water – made from heavy atoms of hydrogen – deuterium.^ This is introduced into the water supplies - no-one notices for 9 months, by which time the whole country is sterile.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ There may be other compressed gases, such as normal air, that have better liquid/gas compression ratios and hence are more suitable for this type of attack.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ But more and more people believe it also contains harmful pollution from an old landfill that's been seeping into the wetlands, through a public trail system and out to the Saginaw Bay.
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .It is in nature in normal water in very low concentration.^ Dr Serreze said that some parts of the northern hemisphere experienced very low temperatures this winter, but the Arctic was much warmer than normal.
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      It was used in construction of first nuclear reactors.
    • tritiated water

Other topics

References

  1. ^ United Nations
  2. ^ "CIA- The world fact book". Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html#Geo. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  3. ^ Water Vapor in the Climate System, Special Report, [AGU], December 1995 (linked 4/2007). Vital Water UNEP.
  4. ^ a b Lomborg, Björn (2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist. Cambridge University Press. p. 22. ISBN 0521010683. http://www.lomborg.com/dyn/files/basic_items/69-file/skeptenvironChap1.pdf. 
  5. ^ a b MDG Report 2008
  6. ^ "Public Services", Gapminder video
  7. ^ Kulshreshtha, S.N (1998). "A Global Outlook for Water Resources to the Year 2025". Water Resources Management 12 (3): 167–184. doi:10.1023/A:1007957229865. 
  8. ^ "Charting Our Water Future: Economic frameworks to inform decision-making"
  9. ^ Baroni, L.; Cenci, L.; Tettamanti, M.; Berati, M. (2007). "Evaluating the environmental impact of various dietary patterns combined with different food production systems". European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61 (2): 279–286. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602522. PMID 17035955. 
  10. ^ Braun, Charles L.; Sergei N. Smirnov (1993). "Why is water blue?". J. Chem. Educ. 70 (8): 612. doi:10.1021/ed070p612. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~etrnsfer/water.htm. 
  11. ^ Campbell, Neil A.; Brad Williamson; Robin J. Heyden (2006). Biology: Exploring Life. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-250882-6. http://www.phschool.com/el_marketing.html. 
  12. ^ Lower, Stephen (2009-11-13). "Water and its structure". http://www.chem1.com/acad/sci/aboutwater.html. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
  13. ^ Kotz, J. C., Treichel, P., & Weaver, G. C. (2005). Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity. Thomson Brooks/Cole. ISBN 053439597X. 
  14. ^ Ball, Philip (14 September 2007). "Burning water and other myths". Nature News. http://www.nature.com/news/2007/070910/full/070910-13.html. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  15. ^ Gary Melnick, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and David Neufeld, Johns Hopkins University quoted in: "Discover of Water Vapor Near Orion Nebula Suggests Possible Origin of H20 in Solar System (sic)". The Harvard University Gazette. April 23, 1998. http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/1998/04.23/DiscoverofWater.html.  "Space Cloud Holds Enough Water to Fill Earth's Oceans 1 Million Times". Headlines@Hopkins, JHU. April 9, 1998. http://www.jhu.edu/news_info/news/home98/apr98/clouds.html.  "Water, Water Everywhere: Radio telescope finds water is common in universe". The Harvard University Gazette. February 25, 1999. http://www.hno.harvard.edu/gazette/1999/02.25/telescope.html. (linked 4/2007)
  16. ^ "MESSENGER Scientists 'Astonished' to Find Water in Mercury's Thin Atmosphere". Planetary Society. 2008-07-03. http://www.planetary.org/news/2008/0703_MESSENGER_Scientists_Astonished_to.html. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  17. ^ Water Found on Distant Planet July 12, 2007 By Laura Blue, Time
  18. ^ Water Found in Extrasolar Planet's Atmosphere – Space.com
  19. ^ Versteckt in Glasperlen: Auf dem Mond gibt es Wasser – Wissenschaft – Der Spiegel – Nachrichten
  20. ^ Water Molecules Found on the Moon, NASA, September 24, 2009
  21. ^ a b Sparrow, Giles (2006). The Solar System. Thunder Bay Press. ISBN 1592235794. 
  22. ^ Ehlers, E.; Krafft, T, ed (2001). "J. C. I. Dooge. "Integrated Management of Water Resources"". Understanding the Earth System: compartments, processes, and interactions. Springer. p. 116. 
  23. ^ "Habitable Zone". The Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Astronomy and Spaceflight. http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/H/habzone.html. 
  24. ^ G8 "Action plan" decided upon at the 2003 Evian summit
  25. ^ World Health Organization. Safe Water and Global Health.
  26. ^ UNEP International Environment (2002). Environmentally Sound Technology for Wastewater and Stormwater Management: An International Source Book. IWA Publishing. ISBN 1843390086. OCLC 49204666. 
  27. ^ Ravindranath, Nijavalli H.; Jayant A. Sathaye (2002). Climate Change and Developing Countries. Springer. ISBN 1402001045. OCLC 231965991. 
  28. ^ WBCSD Water Faacts & Trends
  29. ^ a b Water Use in the United States, National Atlas.gov
  30. ^ Decree relating to the weights and measurements
  31. ^ here L'Histoire Du Mètre, La Détermination De L'Unité De Poids
  32. ^ Re: What percentage of the human body is composed of water? Jeffrey Utz, M.D., The MadSci Network
  33. ^ "Healthy Water Living". http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/healthy_living/nutrition/drinks_water.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  34. ^ Rhoades RA, Tanner GA (2003). Medical Physiology (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0781719364. OCLC 50554808. 
  35. ^ "Drink at least eight glasses of water a day." Really? Is there scientific evidence for "8 × 8"? by Heinz Valdin, Department of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire
  36. ^ Drinking Water – How Much?, Factsmart.org web site and references within
  37. ^ Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences. Recommended Dietary Allowances.. National Research Council, Reprint and Circular Series, No. 122. 1945. pp. 3–18. 
  38. ^ Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate, Food and Nutrition Board
  39. ^ Water: How much should you drink every day? – MayoClinic.com
  40. ^ "Conquering Chemistry" 4th Ed. Published 2008
  41. ^ Maton, Anthea; Jean Hopkins, Charles William McLaughlin, Susan Johnson, Maryanna Quon Warner, David LaHart, Jill D. Wright (1993). Human Biology and Health. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-981176-1. OCLC 32308337. 
  42. ^ a b c d e Vaclavik, Vickie A. and Christian, Elizabeth W (2007). Essentials of Food Science. Springer. ISBN 0387699392. http://books.google.com/books?id=iCCsvwZrguUC&printsec=frontcover. 
  43. ^ a b DeMan, John M (1999). Principles of Food Chemistry. Springer. ISBN 083421234X. http://books.google.com/books?id=kDYJ7a1HbD0C&pg=PA434. 
  44. ^ The Millennium Development Goals Report, United Nations, 2008
  45. ^ UNESCO, (2006), Water, a shared responsibility. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2.
  46. ^ Internet Sacred Text Archive Home
  47. ^ Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, Chapter 2, "The Science of Deduction"

Further reading

  • OA Jones, JN Lester and N Voulvoulis, Pharmaceuticals: a threat to drinking water? .TRENDS in Biotechnology 23(4): 163, 2005
  • Franks, F (Ed), Water, A comprehensive treatise, Plenum Press, New York, 1972–1982
  • PH Gleick and associates, The World's Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources.^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There will -- at least, according to the reporter -- be a New York Times article on the contest on Sunday.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York released a report in January showing that 2005 was the warmest year on record.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Island Press, Washington, D.C. (published every two years, beginning in 1998.)
  • Marks, William E., The Holy Order of Water: Healing Earth's Waters and Ourselves.^ So I'm beginning to think this is going to be an every-two-year effort.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Two hundred years later as civilisation begins to return to its feet, the moon rocks enter the earth's atmosphere.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ After eating this wheat for a year or two, the body becomes saturated and organs begin to fail.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    Bell Pond Books ( a div. of Steiner Books), Great Barrington, MA, November 2001 [ISBN 0-88010-483-X]
  • Debenedetti, P. G., and Stanley, H. E.; "Supercooled and Glassy Water", Physics Today 56 (6), p. 40–46 (2003). Downloadable PDF (1.9 MB)

Water as a natural resource

  • Anderson (1991). Water Rights: Scarce Resource Allocation, Bureaucracy, and the Environment. ISBN 0884103900. 
  • Maude Barlow, Tony Clarke (2003). Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water. ISBN 1565848136. 
  • Gleick, Peter H.. .The World's Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources.^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ With today marking World Water Day, it would be nice to report that all is well with this invaluable resource.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Washington: Island Press. ISBN 1559637927.
      (November 10, 2006)| ISBN 9781597261050]
  • Miriam R. Lowi (1995). .Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin.^ Mass distribution to a whole city can be low tech: just pour the product into wells (to saturate a water table of modest size) or into basins and rivers.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0521431646.
      (Cambridge Middle East Library)
  • William E. Marks (2001). The Holy Order of Water: Healing Earths Waters and Ourselves. 
  • Postel, Sandra (1997, second edition). Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. .New York: Norton Press.^ See the DOE press releases on the Maryland and New York site visits.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0393034283.
     
  • Reisner, Marc (1993). Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. ISBN 0670199273. 
  • Vandana Shiva (2002). Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit. London: Pluto Press [u.a.]. ISBN 0-7453-1837-1. OCLC 231955339. 
  • Anita Roddick, et al (2004). .Troubled Water: Saints, Sinners, Truth And Lies About The Global Water Crisis.^ NOAA accused of hiding truth about global warming From: "janson2997" 14.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ After previewing my post about the truth serum in DC water supplies, the post action left out my name (and probably email address).
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 095439593X.
     
  • Marq de Villiers (2003, revised edition). Water: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource. ISBN 0618030093. 
  • Diane Raines Ward (2002). .Water Wars: Drought, Flood, Folly and the Politics of Thirst.^ Drought, flooding and storms can kill us, and surely will -- but so will wars among the survivors of these catastrophes over what remains of food, water and shelter.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 1573222291.
     
  • Worster, Donald (1992). Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West. ISBN 039451680X. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Water, water, everywhere; Nor any drop to drink. ~ Samuel Taylor Coleridge
.Water is a common chemical substance, that is essential to all known forms of life.^ All fishermen and boat owners are required to register a newly formed anti nuclear hurricane agency and report any suspecious warheads spotted while out on the water.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.In typical usage water refers only to its liquid form or state, but the substance also has the solid state, ice, and gaseous state, water vapor.^ There are ice rivers that flow particularly fast and deliver a tremendous amount of water to the sea, in the form of these huge and really fantastically beautiful icebergs.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plasma is considered the fourth state of matter, along with the more familiar forms: solid, liquid and gas.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Use lesser-known remote water filtration stations, typically unmanned and only protected by a single padlock.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Water covers 71% of Earth's surface as well as below ground in aquifers and in the air as vapor, clouds, and precipitation.^ I'd hit all the land well below water level.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Clouds are also a crucial part of Earth's hydrological and energy cycles, both regulating atmospheric precipitation and determining how much solar energy reaches the Earth.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first is that sunlight is reflected back into space from the tops of the clouds, creating a cooling effect at the Earth's surface.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Sourced

Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, which is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. - .Psalms 65:9
  • All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.^ Entrants are invited to submit the most unlikely, yet still plausible, terrorist attack scenarios they can come up with.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Nazis sneak into the presidency, are elected to the Supreme Court, the Cabinet, and all those other high political places.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Come up with thirty terrorist plans (similar or not) taking place all over the country.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

  • Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, which is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. .
  • Water is a very good servant, but it is a cruell maister.^ Water is a very good heat absorber, so the increase in heat feeds on itself, and it basically becomes impossible to stop.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • Don't get set into one form, adapt it and build your own, and let it grow, be like water.^ If all the information in all these buildings is destroyed, no one will know who owns what land!
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Sorry if this has been posted before, I don't feel like reading through all the comments...
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is introduced into the water supplies - no-one notices for 9 months, by which time the whole country is sterile.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    Empty your mind, be formless, shapeless — like water. .Now you put water in a cup, it becomes the cup; You put water into a bottle it becomes the bottle; You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot.^ But by now the police are putting the major ground attack defence plan into action.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Now, for instance, what are the possibilities of holding new building hostage for ransom by having put bombs into their foundations six months ago?
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "As you go into deep time, these bursts of evolutionary origins become harder to resolve," Carroll explains.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.
    • Bruce Lee as quoted in Bruce Lee : A Warrior's Journey (2000)
...a cruell maister. -William .Bullein
  • Take almost any path you please, and ten to one it carries you down in a dale, and leaves you there by a pool in the stream.^ If you have friends or family in one of the six states below, please take a moment to send them a free ecard encouraging them to contact their Senators: .
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Please, stay on the line, for god's sake, don't put this on the air right away -- I'll try to get you everything I can, but just stay there and stay put, OK?" .
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Have them just down the run way from where Air Force One will be taking off.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    There is magic in it. .Let the most absent-minded of men be plunged in his deepest reveries — stand that man on his legs, set his feet a-going, and he will infallibly lead you to water, if water there be in all that region.^ Terrorists set up chain of bargain Curry stands, and disable all public toilets in area .
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The heavily fortified PX's provide them with wide-screen TV's, cleaning products, underwear, and most of all, peace of mind.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Double-bonus if you can find one store or warehouse owned by a sympathizer; do all the work there, and just swap normal for tampered units.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    .Should you ever be athirst in the great American desert, try this experiment, if your caravan happen to be supplied with a metaphysical professor.^ Use the time-saving Request for Quote tool to submit your inquiry to all the aluminum suppliers and manufacturers you select.

    ^ Should you experience problems receiving HTML messages just click here to send us an e-mail with an empty body and the subject "WE News switch" to change your subscription to a text-only version of the newsletter.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ With $500k, buy American uniforms and weapons to supply at least two companies of soldiers (you might even get battalion strength with that price).
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    Yes, as every one knows, meditation and water are wedded forever.
  • 天下莫柔弱於水。而攻堅強者、莫之能勝。以其無以易之。(Original: Chinese)
    • Translation: There is nothing softer and weaker than water,
      And yet there is nothing better for attacking hard and strong things.^ Nothing, repeat, nothing is more devastating than this attack on the basic infrastructure when you consider all these effects.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ There may be other compressed gases, such as normal air, that have better liquid/gas compression ratios and hence are more suitable for this type of attack.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

      ^ There are two things that are key to a mass-casualty attack.
      • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]


      .For this reason there is no substitute for it.
    • Laozi, Tao te Ching, Ch.^ Currently, there is no viable substitute for petroleum.
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Those items that, if, say, we switched to wood overnight as a substitute for fossil heat, that there wood be no more would: in no time at all?
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ However, "currently, there is no viable substitute for petroleum."
      • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .78.
  • Those waters which leave the main stream either cannot reach the sea and disappear in inland or find a better place, a beautiful lake.^ For that matter, the entire city of Salt Lake is fed by two water mains coming from the mountains that are totally exposed.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • Water, water, every where,
    And all the boards did shrink;
    Water, water, every where,
    Nor any drop to drink.^ Six samples exceeded this "10 times the drinking water standard" level for cadmium, as did single samples for chromium and selenium.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So this extract of Coca Cola is spread all over the world reaching every local distributor and - say everybody who will sympathize with american culture and drinks Coca Cola.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • From a drop of water, a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic or a Niagara without having seen or heard of one or the other.^ One could argue that the United States has already seen a shift of sorts from coal to gas in the generation sector.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Davis scathingly depicts the miseries of slum life in one chapter and the miseries inflicted by slum clearance in the next, without ever suggesting what other choices might be possible.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The other half insisted that eating rutabagas was one way ordinary patriotic Americans could stand up to terrorism.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Unsourced

I believe that water is the only drink for a wise man. ~ Henry David Thoreau
  • It may be belived that many are ignorant of the taste of water.
    • -Westminster- Review
  • Somewhere, behind space and time,
    Is wetter water, slimier slime.
    • Rupert Brooke
  • His answer trickled through my head
    Like water through a sieve. .
    • Lewis Carroll
  • A lake carries you into recesses of feeling otherwise impenetrable.^ "As you go into deep time, these bursts of evolutionary origins become harder to resolve," Carroll explains.
    • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All you have to do is write into the plot that people panic and feel threatened (thus adding the drama).
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

  • I have never seen a river that I could not love. Moving water…has a fascinating vitality. It has power and grace and associations. It has a thousand colors and a thousand shapes, yet it follows laws so definite that the tiniest stream is an exact replica of a great river.
    • Roderick Haig-Brown
  • Rivers are roads which move, and which carry us whither we desire to go.^ So, once more, to strike terror into the world, the terrorists will go back to planes, and their concept of operation will be the simultaneous in-air explosions of multiple US carriers.
    • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

See also

External links

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  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many thousands of cards would you need to store a typical MP3, anyway?

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Contents

Water for Guests.

Water was looked upon by the Jews as extremely important and precious. .The first thing placed before a guest was water to wash his feet (Gen 18:4, Gen 24:32), and it was a duty of hospitality to give water to strangers coming into the house, or even passing by (Gen 24:17, Gen 24:43).^ "On February 16, the Kyoto Protocol celebrated its first birthday having come into force a year ago," she said.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How is this for a plot: During the weeks before Christmas terrorists inject mercury into a number of turkeys and place them in supermarket freezers up and down the country.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Having said all this, everyone wants "appropriate security measures" in place even if s/he doesn't know what they should be in the first place.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

The non-fulfilment of this duty often resulted in serious hostilities. .Thus, when the Israelites were marching toward Palestine they were prevented from passing through Edom, Ammon, and Moab because the inhabitants refused to give them a drink of water, even for money.^ A: Flirtation makes water safe to drink because it removes large pollutants like grit, sand, dead sheep and canoeists.

^ Hospitals burn through most of their resources in 24 hours because they stock on a “just in time?
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ "I have assured them that they cannot burn me at the stake because of all the dioxins my body will give off."
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two hundred years later this resulted in bitter warfare (see also Jephthah).^ More than two years later, Scientific American magazine was still insisting that the story was a hoax.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based upon their success they destabilize the US economy and the entirity of western civilization on a hundred to two hundred year year timescale.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Iran is building two Russian-designed reactors, the first of which should go on line later this year.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the wandering in the wilderness the lack of water caused the Israelites to murmur against their leader (Ex 15:22Ff, Ex 17:1ff; Num 20:1ff).^ During the chlorination process, chlorine sometimes causes a chemical reaction with organic materials and other constitutes already in the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the other hand, the heroes of King David's guard won distinction by procuring water for the king at the risk of their lives (2 Sam 23:16; 1Chr 11:17f).

For Ritual Purposes.

.Water was of great importance in purification, being used in cleansing the leper, in sickness, in washing utensils, and in the cleansing of one who had been defiled by touching an unclean body (Lev 15:16ff).^ With such a small portion of the water produced each day by public water supplies being used for human consumption ( <1%) it is not economically feasible for these supplies to treat water to the level one needs for a more healthly lifestyle.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When my tap water does not make me sick, I will happily use it again.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over the next five years, Mitt long gone, she bounced from one trucker to the next handsomest one; or sometimes just being with the one who treated her the nicest.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.The liability of plants and fruits to defilement was increased by contact with water (Lev 11:38), a contingency which formed a topic of much discussion in the Talmudic period, and became the subject of the treatise Makshirin.^ Paige Says: July 7th, 2008 at 11:55 pm It is so much more cost effective to drink tap water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Source SHOCK, HORROR: INCREASED CO2 MAY INCREASE WORLD'S FRESH WATER Plants around the world are using water much more efficiently, thanks to increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ C. Hammerstad Says: July 7th, 2008 at 9:10 pm I am very much against the increasing use of bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Libations.

.The offering of water as a libation was an ancient institution, and even before the kingdom was established the Israelitish tribes, after having suffered repeated defeats at the hands of the Philistines, gathered together at Mizpeh at the command of the prophet Samuel, and poured water on the ground before Yhwh (1Sam 7:5f).^ I have even done a double blind test with her and she could never identify the bottled water but she says any water she sees poured out of a tap tastes terrible.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I drink bottled water when traveling to avoid digestive upsets previously suffered before bottled water was available that were caused by “strange” tap water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our local ground (drinking) water is also super high in dissolved solids and does not taste good even after sitting out to get rid of the Chlorine.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

An apparent analogue to this is found in the story that at the great feast of Baal the prophet Elijah poured water in the trench which surrounded the altar (1 Kg 18:35), possibly to enhance the miracle. The libation at the Feast of Tabernacles, when the high priest sprinkled water upon the altar as a sacrifice, was a later development of the ancient offering; it was a feature of the ritual until the destruction of the Second Temple, and the disregard of it by Alexander Jannæus entailed terrible consequences (comp. Suk. 48b).
.The word "water" was often used by the Jews symbolically, especially in expressing grief, i.e., tears (Jer 9:1, Jer 9:18; Ps 119136).^ If I used bottled water all the time I’d be taking recycling out way more often.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is proven that prolonged use of water with high chlorine levels results in various cancers, more especially bladder cancer.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based gel, especially after coughing or sneezing.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A misfortune of great magnitude, the full extent of which it seemed impossible to fathom, was likened to water (Lam 3:54; Ps 692, Ps 1244f), while the constant flow and unrest of water were symbolic of numerous descendants (Num 24:7).^ Once broken, the siphon tubes would leak great quantities of water, causing local flooding and making access to the break impossible.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.The forgiveness of sins and their complete remission were typified by sprinkling with clean water (Ezek 36:25); and in Jer 2:13 God is compared to a fountain of living waters.^ Pam LaBine Says: July 8th, 2008 at 9:08 am I am fortunate to live where the water is clean and abundant.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ J. M. B. Says: July 8th, 2008 at 12:13 am I drink filtered tap water because it this is the United States and we have clean water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I guess I’m lucky to live in a city that has a good clean source of water and makes it a priority to hold it to high standards.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was customary in the Talmudic period, moreover, to use "water" symbolically for the divine teachings (see Mek., Beshallaḥ, Wayassa', 1); so that in several passages the term "water" is used without any amplification whatever (comp.^ Why continue the forced fluoridating of water at some expense, when people now can make their own decisions about it and use whatever product they choose.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This system is the similar to the ones that Doctors without borders uses in countries where the drinking water is unsafe.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The large plastic bottles used in the water dispensers are carefully designed to make it difficult to introduce anything into the water without the seals being obviously broken.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

Ḥag. 3a; B. M. 84b; Hor. 14a; Ab. i. 2).

"Water of Bitterness."

.Water prepared with the ashes of the Red Heifer was especially important, since, even though unclean, it had the power of cleansing men and things infected with defilement.^ But even so still she was conditioned to please people, especially men.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ State of the World's Water Resources The United Nations says that even though the world has plenty of fresh water, the problem of access to the resource is caused by mismanagement and corruption.
  • The Great Lakes Zephyr - Wind Energy & Hydrogen Journal: 03/01/2006 - 04/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.whizzyrds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why the power, how about the water supply, that is likley to have a better effect even more quickly ;0 .
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Still more important, however, was the "water of bitterness," the so-called "me ha-marim ha-me'arerim," which was prepared in the following manner: Into an earthen vessel the priest poured water which had stood in the Temple, and with this water he mixed dust taken from the Temple floor.^ Even so, it’s crazy to pay more for water than gas, and all the plastic bottles, made from oil going into landfills is a major problem.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although I avoid it when I can, there are still times when it is simply much more practical to drink bottled water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They still pay more for water than the price of gasoline.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If a woman was suspected of unfaithfulness toward her husband, the priest pronounced certain maledictions, which he afterward wrote on a little scroll. .This was then dissolved in the water, which the accused woman was obliged to drink (Num.^ Our local ground (drinking) water is also super high in dissolved solids and does not taste good even after sitting out to get rid of the Chlorine.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

v. 17-24; see also the article Soṭah).
.Water was in important factor during the first three days of Creation.^ My kids take bottled water to school to drink during the day and at lunch.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Education of the factors affecting our water is important.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In the good'ol'days everybody drank beer instead of water because dysentery was killed during the brewing process.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.On the first day "the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters" (Gen.^ One day carrying around a plastic bottle of water will be as frowned upon as carrying a cigarette.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

i. .2); on the second day the nether waters were divided from the upper, and the latter were transformed into the "raḳia'," or "firmament" (ib. verse 7); and on the third day the nether waters were assigned to their allotted place, which received the name of "sea" (ib. verse 10).^ It would be necessary to place operatives in most if not all the water companies in an area to be really effective and produce a day zero attack that would gain media attention.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ Then you have all the reports that the plastic bottle can not be placed in the freezer or left in the car due to the heat / cold breaking down the chemicals from the plastic into the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your war is so fucking expensive, since you move your tax money into your upper-10.000's bank accounts.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

.Through the influence of the Greeks, and especially of the Gnostics, who regarded water as the original element, similar beliefs gained currency among the Jews, so that Judah ben Pazi transmitted the following saying in the name of R. Ishmael (Yer.^ Kim Johnson Says: July 7th, 2008 at 9:48 pm I’d love to meet the person who decided to bottle water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But property-rights groups say the issue is not whether sensitive waters should be protected but who -- the federal government or the states -- should do the protecting.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Says: January 21st, 2010 at 12:29 pm I agree, tap water have corrosive elements that disintegrated my sink from its former glory.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ḥag. ii., beginning): "In the beginning the world consisted of water within water (Gen. i. .2); the water was then changed into ice (Ps.^ Says: July 7th, 2008 at 8:06 pm The quality of water in my community is very good and the water from my ice maker built into the refrigerator is filtered.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Approximately coeval with the isotope changes, the Laurentide Ice Sheet retreated northward into an isostatically depressed basin behind the subcontinental drainage divide.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PS: I also looked into reverse osmosis (RO) but when I found out that the system filters and drains 5 to 9 gallons for every one gallon of drinking water, I thought, what a waste of water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

cxlvii. 17), and again transformed by God into earth (Job xxxvii. 6). .The earth itself, however, rests upon the waters, and the waters on the mountains" (i.e., the clouds; Ps.^ I’m thinking of bringing an empty camping bottle through security and filling it from a water faucet in the rest room, however, as I’m concerned about environmental waste.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

civ. 6). .This teaching, however, was rejected by R. Akiba, who warned those scholars who devoted themselves to the study of cosmogony not to be led astray by Gnosticism, and not to cry "Water!"^ By the way those of you who have written about the taste of tap water, the filter i use totally eliminates any chlorine taste from the water.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the fact that some people can discern differences in the taste of water is lost on those who cannot.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One consequence - for those of you who remember public drinking fountains - is the wholesale disappearance of those conveniences, as cellphones have led to the virtual extinction of pay phones.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

whenever they saw in their visions a sea of crystal around the throne of God (Ḥag. 14b). .In the later Talmudic period the word "water" was used as a designation for mucus, which was called "water from the nose" (Tosef., Shab.^ Lady Young also called for all non-essential water use, including washing windows, cleaning cars and watering gardens, to be banned.
  • GREENIE WATCH: 02/01/2006 - 03/01/2006 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC antigreen.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The large plastic bottles used in the water dispensers are carefully designed to make it difficult to introduce anything into the water without the seals being obviously broken.
  • Schneier on Security: Announcing: Movie-Plot Threat Contest 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: General]

^ If I’m given bottled water at a meeting, I take it with me and refill it to use later.
  • Greenversations Question of the Week: Why do you drink bottled water or tap water? 6 February 2010 11:14 UTC blog.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

viii.; Niddah 55d), while buttermilk was termed "water of milk," and unfermented grape-juice was called "water of the grape-vine" ('Orlah i. 7).
This entry includes text from the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906.

Simple English

File:Water droplet blue
Impact from a water drop causes an upward "rebound" jet surrounded by circular capillary waves.

Water is the most common liquid on Earth. It covers about 70% of the Earth.[1] Pure water has no smell, taste, or color. Lakes, oceans, and rivers are made of water. Rain is water that falls from clouds in the sky. If water gets very cold, it freezes and becomes ice. Frozen rain can be ice or snow if conditions permit. If water gets very hot, it boils and becomes steam. Water is very important for life.[2] However, some studies suggest that by 2025 more than half of the people around the world will not have enough water.[3]

Contents

Uses of water

Plants and animals (including people) must drink water to live. It gives a medium for chemical reactions to take place, and is the main part of blood. It keeps the body temperature the same by sweating from the skin. Water helps blood carry nutrients from the stomach to all parts of the body to keep the body alive. Water also helps the blood carry oxygen from the lungs to the body. Saliva helps animals and people digest food. Water helps make urine. Urine helps remove bad chemicals from the body. The human body is 60–70% water.

Water is the main component of drinks like milk, juice, and wine. Each type of drink also has other things that add flavor or nutrients, things like sugar, fruit, and sometimes alcohol. Water that a person can drink is called "potable" (or "drinking") water. The water in oceans is salt water, but lakes and rivers usually have unsalted water. There is only about 3% fresh water on earth, the rest is salt water[4][5].

What water is made of

Water is a molecule made of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. Its formula is H2O. Water has a surface tension. So a little water forms drops on a surface, rather than spreading out to wet the surface. Water can also be called 'aqua', the Roman word for water. Water is also used for recreational purposes. Though a human being can survive for up to a week without food, one can only survive for a day or two without water.

Related pages

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:
Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

References

  1. "CIA- The world fact book". Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html#Geo. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  2. "United Nations". Un.org. 2005-03-22. http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/background.html. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  3. Kulshreshtha, S.N (1998). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "A Global Outlook for Water Resources to the Year 2025"]. Water Resources Management 12 (3): 167–184. doi:10.1023/A:1007957229865. 
  4. "Percentage of water". http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwherewater.html. 
  5. "Fresh water percentage (2)". http://www.cdli.ca/CITE/water.htm. 
6. World Water Day is celebrated on March 22.
7. World Water Monitoring Day is celebrated on September 18.

bjn:Banyurue:Вода



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 08, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Water, which are similar to those in the above article.








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