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WAPDA Head Quarters, Lahore, Pakistan

The Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) is a government-owned public utility maintaining power and water in Pakistan, although it does not manage thermal power. WAPDA includes Tarbela and Mangla dams among its resources.



WAPDA was established in February 1958 to unify the maintenance of infrastructure previously overseen by provincial agencies. In October 2007, thermal power management was split into the newly formed Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO).

Water Vision 2025

WAPDA has formulated a comprehensive $25-33 billion National Water Resource and Hydropwer Development Programme-vision 2025. The Water Vision 2025 projects are expected to generate 16,000 MW of hydro-electricity. Other goals are to prevent water shortages, limit drought and increase water storage for a growing population. Five Mega Hydropower Projects have been announced by President of Pakistan which are to be completed by 2016 with generation capacity of 9,500 MW. Two projects are ready for awarding construction works whereas three projects are in the stage of feasibility studies and preparation of tender documents.[1]

Water Vision 2025 consists of three phases. Phase I was expected to start in 1993 but was delayed. The priority of water sector projects under phase-1 of Water Vision 2025 are Gomal Dam (NWFP), Mirani Dam and Mithan kot barrage at Kachhi canal (Balochistan) raising of Mangla Dam (Azad Kashmir), Greater Thal canal phase-1 (Punjab) and Thar/Rainee canals phase-1 (Sindh). The total cost of these Phase I projects will be $2.467 billion with a construction period of five years. Under the phase-11, Hingol Dam, Balochistan Dam and Satpara Dam (Northern Areas), Chashma Right Bank canal and Khurram Tangi Dam (NWFP), phase-11 of the Greater Thal canal Akhori Dam and Sanjwal Dam (Punjab), Phase-11 of Thar/Rainee canals, Gajnai and Sehwan barrage (Sindh) will be completed in 3-6 years except Basha Dam which will take 8-10 years for its completion. The total cost of phase-11 projects will be $8.94 billion. These 11 projects will have a storage capacity of 12.79 maf and would generate over 3362 mw power and irrigate 1.4 million hectares of land. Under the phase-III, Yugo Dam, Skardu Dam, Dhok Dam, Rohtas Dam, Naulang Dam and Khadji Dam will be completed. [2]

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