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Weber's syndrome
Classification and external resources

Midbrain cross section showing lesion
ICD-10 G46.3
ICD-9 344.89
DiseasesDB 31247

Weber's syndrome (superior alternating hemiplegia) is a form of stroke characterized by the presence of an oculomotor nerve palsy and contralateral hemiparesis or hemiplegia.

Contents

Cause and presentation

This lesion is usually unilateral and affects several structures in the midbrain including:

Structure damaged Effect
substantia nigra contralateral parkinsonism because its dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia innervate the contralateral hemisphere motor field
corticospinal fibers contralateral hemiparesis and typical upper motor neuron findings
corticobulbar tract difficulty with contralateral lower facial muscles and hypoglossal nerve functions
oculomotor nerve fibers ipsilateral oculomotor nerve palsy with a drooping eyelid and fixed wide pupil pointed down and out. The oculomotor damage will likely lead to diplopia
Human brainstem blood supply description. Posterior cerebral artery is #6, and midbrain is behind it.

It is caused by midbrain infarction as a result of occlusion of the paramedian branches of the posterior cerebral artery or of basilar bifurcation perforating arteries.[1]

Weber's Syndrome has presented as a manifestation of decompression illness in a recreational scuba diver.[2]

History

It carries the name of Sir Herman David Weber, a German-born physician working in London, who described the condition in 1863.[3][4] It is unrelated to Sturge-Weber syndrome or Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome.

References

  1. ^ -932511721 at GPnotebook
  2. ^ Padilla W, Newton HB, Barbosa S (2005). "Weber's syndrome and sixth nerve palsy secondary to decompression illness: a case report". Undersea Hyperb Med 32 (2): 95–101. PMID 15926301. http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4039. Retrieved 2009-02-16.  
  3. ^ Weber HD (1863). "A contribution to the pathology of the crura cerebri". Medico-Chirurgical Transactions 46: 121–139.  
  4. ^ synd/407 at Who Named It?

External links

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