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Webometrics Ranking of World Universities: Wikis

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The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities, also known as Ranking Web of World Universities is the largest classification of higher educations institutions, covering more than 17,000 universities worldwide. The aim of the Ranking is to improve the presence of the academic and research institutions on the Web and to promote the open access publication of scientific results. The ranking started in 2004 and is based on a combined indicator that takes into account both the volume of the Web contents (number of web pages and files) and the visibility and impact of this web publications according to the number of external inlinks (site citations) they received. The ranking is updated every January and July, providing Web indicators for more than 6,000 universities worldwide. The approach takes into account the wide range of scientific activities represented in the academic websites, frequently overlooked by the bibliometric indicators. There are similarly constructed web rankings for research centers, hospitals, business schools and repositories.

Contents

Justification and objectives of the Ranking

Central hypothesis is that web presence is a reliable indicator of the global performance and prestige of the universities. Although the Web is universally recognized as the one of the most relevant tools for scholarly communication, it is still very rare these indicators are used for the evaluation of the scientific research and the academic performance of universities

A few years ago many web sites of even very important institutions were small, with little relevant information and no added value. Today the Top universities are publishing millions of pages produced by dozens of departments and services, hundreds of research teams and thousands of scholars. Strong web presence informs of a wide variety of factors that are clearly correlated with the global quality of the institution: Widespread availability of computer resources available, global internet literacy, policies promoting democracy and freedom of speech, competition for international visibility or support of open access initiatives, among others.

Web publication is frequently questioned about quality of the contents, not taking into account that besides research results published in prestigious journals, the same authors develop a wide range of activities reflected on the web pages. Teaching material, raw data, drafts, slides, software, bibliographic or links lists are also relevant and inform of the commitment of the professor to their students. The structure, composition and all kind of administrative information provided by the institution itself is valuable and again when is made available through the web speaks of the high academic level of the university.

Granting access to and promoting web publication among the faculty members means other colleagues know about the scientific results produced, more candidate students know about the university, the companies can find suitable partners for industrial projects, and organizations could easily access to experts contact data.

Most of the institutions on the distribution tail of the Rankings only publish a few dozens or hundreds of pages, probable not amounting more than several Megabytes of space in the hard disk of the web server. This output is similar to those provided by teenagers at a cost similar to their weekly stipend. Even in most of the developing countries this human and economic effort is affordable. If you consider most of the Web information is currently recovered through search engines it is possible that data of an even obscure institution of a remote corner of the world can be easily accessed. Having a web presence is easy and cheap and the potential audience is in the order of millions.

Webometric indicators are provided to show the commitment of the institutions to Web publication. If the web performance of an institution is below the expected position according to their academic excellence, university authorities should reconsider their web policy, promoting substantial increases in the volume and quality of their electronic publications.

Structure and contents

There are pages for several regional Rankings:

- Universities. The main worldwide list of 6000 universities build from a catalogue of over 17000 institutions is also offered as regional lists:

The distribution of the Universities by region (July 2009) is as follows:

Region Top 100 Top 200 Top 500 Top 1000 Total
North America 71 106 180 334 3537
Europe 21 62 232 417 4752
Asia 5 19 50 147 4697
Latinamerica 2 6 21 58 3042
Oceania 1 6 14 35 135
Arab World 1 2 4 528
Africa 1 5 345
World 17036


- Research Institutes. Top 2000 from a catalogue of over 7000 are published

- Research Councils. Individual data for CNRS, CNR, CSIC, Max Planck, Fraunhofer, CSIRO and NIH

Top 50 world universities in the January 2008 ranking

2007 | 2008 | 2009

World Rank Name Website Size Visibility Rich Scholar
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology mit.edu 1 1 3 4
2 Stanford University stanford.edu 4 2 3 7
3 Harvard University harvard.edu 3 4 21 1
4 Pennsylvania State University psu.edu 7 7 7 5
5 University of California, Berkeley berkeley.edu 2 3 8 27
6 University of Michigan umich.edu 12 6 14 11
7 University of Wisconsin–Madison wisc.edu 5 10 11 27
8 University of Minnesota umn.edu 6 15 1 22
9 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign uiuc.edu 9 9 6 35
10 Cornell University cornell.edu 25 5 9 36
11 University of Texas at Austin utexas.edu 17 8 12 38
12 University of Washington washington.edu 8 12 5 69
13 University of Pennsylvania upenn.edu 21 11 53 17
14 Columbia University columbia.edu 19 17 23 32
15 University of Chicago uchicago.edu 34 14 57 3
16 Texas A&M University tamu.edu 23 33 10 20
17 University of California, Los Angeles ucla.edu 16 20 22 74
18 University of Arizona arizona.edu 10 28 26 58
19 University of Maryland, College Park umd.edu 26 32 16 42
20 Purdue University purdue.edu 24 31 13 73
21 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University vt.edu 22 37 44 31
22 University of Florida ufl.edu 15 34 17 85
23 Michigan State University msu.edu 44 24 18 82
24 Indiana University indiana.edu 30 19 52 88
25 University of Toronto utoronto.ca 38 35 29 54
26 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill unc.edu 20 23 20 145
27 University of Cambridge cam.ac.uk 11 26 74 96
28 Rutgers University rutgers.edu 31 41 15 80
29 Duke University duke.edu 39 30 46 81
30 Georgia Institute of Technology gatech.edu 37 58 19 23
31 California Institute of Technology caltech.edu 79 29 40 44
32 University of California, San Diego ucsd.edu 18 43 28 98
33 New York University nyu.edu 75 16 34 115
34 University of Pittsburgh pitt.edu 73 38 32 62
35 University of Virginia virginia.edu 27 18 51 172
36 Princeton University princeton.edu 43 21 36 159
37 University of Oxford ox.ac.uk 50 36 49 104
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ethz.ch 14 67 43 55
39 University of Southern California usc.edu 56 45 39 77
40 University of British Columbia ubc.ca 55 42 27 105
41 Yale University yale.edu 28 22 77 190
42 Johns Hopkins University jhu.edu 89 59 72 8
43 University of Helsinki helsinki.fi 29 84 33 56
44 University of California, Davis ucdavis.edu 36 57 38 135
45 North Carolina State University ncsu.edu 42 78 25 76
46 Washington University in St. Louis wustl.edu 45 73 41 75
47 Australian National University anu.edu.au 72 56 92 52
48 University of Utah utah.edu 13 65 79 137
49 University of Colorado colorado.edu 84 49 31 160
50 University of Oslo uio.no 74 60 30 141

Authorship

The Webometrics Ranking is produced by the Cybermetrics Lab, a unit of the Spanish National Research Council(CSIC), the main public research body in Spain. The Lab acts as an Observatory of the Science and Technology on the Web. Isidro F. Aguillo, HonPhD is the head of the Laboratory and the editor-in-chief of the Rankings.

See also

  • Global University Ranking

External links

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