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Weihai
威海
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Simplified 威海
 - Traditional
 - Pinyin Wēihǎi
View of Happiness Gate from the sea
Weihai, Shandong , China
Country China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 4
Township-level divisions 66
City seat Huancui District
(37°29′N 122°7′E / 37.483°N 122.117°E / 37.483; 122.117)
Government
 - CPC Secretary Cui Yuechen (崔曰臣)
 - Mayor Wang Peiyan (王培廷)
Area
 - Total 5,436 km2 (2,098.9 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 2,596,753
 Density 477.7/km2 (1,237.2/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 631
GDP RMB 178 billion (2008)
GDP per capita RMB 63,519 (2008)
License Plate Prefix 鲁K
Website http://www.weihai.gov.cn/
City Flower: Sweet Osmanthus, Osmanthus fragrans
City Tree: Silk Tree, Albizia julibrissin

Weihai (Chinese: pinyin: Wēihǎi) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is the easternmost prefecture-level city in the province and a major seaport. Between 1898-1930, the town was a British colony. Weihai was not developed in the way that Hong Kong, the other British colony in China, was developed, because Weihai fell into Germany's sphere of influence. It was largely used as a naval station and a sanatorium. During the colonial period it was known as Weihaiwai or the Weihai Garrison (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: Wēihǎi Wèi), and sometimes as Port Edward. Weihai borders Yantai to the west and the Yellow Sea to the east.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Weihai administers four county-level divisions, including one district and three county-level cities.

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 52 towns and 14 subdistricts.

History

The port was once the base for the Beiyang Fleet of China during the Qing Dynasty. During 1895, the Japanese captured it from the landward side. It was evacuated during 1898.

After Russia leased Port Arthur (on the opposite coast) from China for 25 years during March, 1898, the United Kingdom obtained a lease for Wei Hai Wei which was to exist for as long as the Russians leased Port Arthur. During 1905, when the Japanese assumed ownership of the lease for Port Arthur, the British lease was made to exist as long as the Japanese occupied Port Arthur. Thus the city was part of a territory (c.285 sq mi/740 km²) called "Weihaiwei", which was leased by the United Kingdom from 1898 until October 1, 1930. It was a summer station for the British naval China Station and it was also used as a sanatorium. It became one of two major ports for ships of the Royal Navy in the Far East (the other being Hong Kong in the south).

At the beginning of the lease the territory was administered by a Senior Naval Officer of the Royal Navy. During 1899, administration was transferred to a military and civil commissioner appointed by the War Office in London. The territorial garrison consisted of 200 British troops and a specially constituted Chinese Regiment with British officers. During 1901, it was decided that this base should not be fortified, and administration was transferred to the U.K.'s Colonial Office. A Civil Commissioner was appointed during 1902 to manage the territory, and the Chinese Regiment was disbanded during 1903.

The last British commissioner of Weihaiwei was Reginald Johnston. It was briefly a special administrative region after it was returned to the Republic of China, the successor of the Qing Dynasty. During 1949, Weihaiwei City was established, and was renamed Weihai City after it was occupied by the People's Republic of China.

During recent years, a proposal regarding the territoriality of Weihai during the 1800s was discovered in the British Archives. The proposal, made apparently by Hong Kong governor Sir Frederick Lugard, stipulated that the British would revert Weihai to Chinese rule, and receive perpetual rule of the 1898 leased territories of Hong Kong in return. This proposal was never adopted.

The nickname British sailors gave to this port was "Way High"; it was also sometimes referred to as Port Edward in English.

Geography and climate

Weihai is surrounded by sea on three sides and the harbor is protected by Liugong Island. It is located on the north-eastern seashore of Shandong Province in China at 37°28′0″N 122°7′0″E / 37.466667°N 122.116667°E / 37.466667; 122.116667.

Weihai has a mild, seasonal climate moderated by the surrounding sea. August is the warmest month with a 24-hour average temperature of 24.3 °C and January the coldest (24-hour average temperature of -1.5 °C. Data the Global Historical Climatology Network, version 1).

Economy

At present, Weihai is a commercial port and major fishing center with some light industries. It is also a key production area for peanuts and fruit.

Education

Campuses of Shandong University and Harbin Institute of Technology are located in Weihai.

Transportation

Weihai Airport serves the city with regular service to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Harbin domestically and the Korean cities of Seoul and Pusan. The K8262 and K8264 trains depart everyday at 7:17AM and 9:52PM respectively for Jinan, the provincial capital, the K412 goes directly to Beijing at 7:49PM, and the No. 1064 train leaves at 8:27AM for Hankou, one of the two railway stations of Wuhan, Hubei. Internally, the city is served by about 50 bus routes.

Sister cities

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Weihai 威海 (pop:2,500,000) is located at the tip of the Shandong Peninsula Shandong Province, North East China.

Get in

Bus

Bus is by far the cheapest option but could involve many hours of travel depending on your starting-point. As a guide it takes roughly six and a half hours hours by bus from Jinan,capital of Shandong to the bus station in Weihai. There are many companies serving Weihai with many destinations possible at good frequencies.

Boat

You can also arrive by ferry from various places in China and from Incheon, Korea, although this may be once a day or less.

Train

There are three trains per day that reach and leave Weihai. Jinan, Beijing and Hankou are the three destination/origin cities.

Air

You can fly to Weihai but the airport is approx 45 KM to City Centre. One option if you have a lot of luggage is to fly to Yantai, and then get a taxi to Weihai. However, the journey can take up to an hour, involves transferring from one taxi to another and the taxi fare could be as much as 300RMB in August. The first taxi will take you to the beginning of the toll road and the second to your destination. The flight services from Beijing, Shanghai and other large Chinese cities are much better than to and from the Weihai airport, which only has an irregular timetable of flights - common with smaller provincial airports.

Get around

Bus or taxi - both are efficient and cheap.

The bus routes are conveniently and clearly marked on the English/Chinese map sold around town so it's easy. It costs 1 yuan for the bus.

See

In Weihai, there are many beautiful places that you need to have a visit. Such as, Liugong island (located inside weihai city), Penglaige (located in Rongcheng district), and Shengjingshan Mountain (located in Wengdeng city, here you can experience the culture of the traditional chinese religion Dao). Also you need to experience the life in Weihai as a fisherman.

"Weihaiwei" was leased by the United Kingdom from 1898 until October 1, 1930. It was a summer station for the British naval China Station.

Do

Beaches, Weihai is by the coast and has many nice beaches.Weihai has lots of beautiful parks .Such as Weihai Park,Huancuilou park and so on.


Weihai Area

Xi Xia Kou, approx 40 KM east of Weihai, a beautiful Zoo and lands end "Chengshantou"

Shidao, approx 60 KM South, Fahua Temple

Wendeng, approx 30 km South, Holy Water Temple and natural hot springs

Eat

Chinese food: everywhere however the local kitchen is tasteless Korean Food: you can't miss Western food you may find in:

  • No.9 - Top floor of Weihai Gate
  • WeihaiWei Hotel - Floor 36
  • Steakhouse close to City Hall

Japanese food: Haibin Lu close to the RT Market

and ofcause the famous american junk fillings

Drink

Downtown the "Tomato Bar" with life music

Sleep

There are plenty of places to choose from so shop around. The rates are posted at the front desk, usually in English, and that's the "rack" rate. You should expect a lower rate and they usually quote one. You can bargain for even lower rates, but since I don't speak Chinese, it's hard to do and the rates seemed fair anyway - about $30 for a nice room with a/c, tv, phone, and up-to-date/clean at a normal looking hotel with a nice lobby, probably a restaurant, and usually a little spa of some kind. There are some very cheap places to stay.

You need to decide first where you want to stay as Weihai has a number of areas that could suit you depending on what you are in Weihai for.

Downtown is nice if you want to be near the ferry terminals, the main parks and shopping, and have easy access to most transport.

You could stay near the bus/train station, but that's a little remote and not much around.

The last option is the beaches. You have 3 main ones to choose from with hotels ranging from almost normal to way-too-swank. Some of these are like self-contained resorts and can be isolated to themselves. The International Bathing Beach area is popular, but really any of the beaches is just fine.

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