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Weil der Stadt: Wikis


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Weil der Stadt
Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Coat of arms of Weil der Stadt
Weil der Stadt is located in Germany
Weil der Stadt
Coordinates 48°45′3″N 8°52′14″E / 48.75083°N 8.87056°E / 48.75083; 8.87056
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Böblingen
Mayor Hans-Josef Straub
Basic statistics
Area 43.17 km2 (16.67 sq mi)
Elevation 406 m  (1332 ft)
Population 19,113  (31 December 2005)
 - Density 443 /km2 (1,147 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BB
Postal codes 71255–71263
Area code 07033
Reichstadt Weil (der Stadt)
Imperial City of Weil der Stadt
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Franconia
13th century–1803
Capital Weil der Stadt
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Founded ca sixth century
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit before 1275 13th century
 - Gained permanent seat
    in the Reichstag
 - Mediatised to Electorate
    of Württemberg
1803 1803

Weil der Stadt is a small town of somewhat less than 20,000 inhabitants, located in the Stuttgart Region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is about 30 km (19 miles) west of Stuttgart city center, and is often called "Gate to the Black Forest".

Weil der Stadt became an Imperial Free City in the 13th century, but had existed for centuries before as an important trading place.

It was completely destroyed during the Thirty Years' War but was subsequently rebuilt, and the centre is still dominated by buildings from this period. The city fortifications are still nearly intact.

Weil der Stadt is best known as the birthplace of both the astronomer Johannes Kepler and the Protestant reformer Johannes Brenz of Württemberg. The association with Kepler is the reason for the town's unofficial title ('The Kepler Town Weil der Stadt'). Due to its surroundings and attractive cityscape, Weil der Stadt is a popular destination for excursions in the Stuttgart region.


The original settlement was named Vila, from the Latin vil, or town. This evolved into Weil. Later the suffix "die Stadt" (the town) was added to distinguish the town from villages of the same name, such as Weil im Dorf and Weil im Schönbuch. The current name is unusual in that it contains the German dative case (the word Stadt is feminine). It arose because the place of issue in official documents was usually given as "gegeben zu Weil, der Stadt" ("issued in Weil, the town").


Weil der Stadt is a stronghold of traditional carnival. In contrast to the carnival in Cologne, the carnival in Weil der Stadt is more subdued due to the authorities in the Stuttgart area restricting excessive public festivals.

Weil der Stadt escaped destruction in World War II when a French artillery barrage was called off in honor of its being Kepler's birthplace.

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