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Wen Jiabao
温家宝

Wen at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. (2009)

Incumbent
Assumed office 
16 March 2003
President Hu Jintao
Deputy Huang Ju
Wu Yi (Acting)
Li Keqiang
Preceded by Zhu Rongji

Born 15 September 1942 (1942-09-15) (age 67)
Tianjin, China
Political party Communist Party
Spouse(s) Zhang Peili
Children Wen Yunsong
Wen Ruchun
Residence Beijing
Alma mater Beijing Institute of Geology
Profession Geologist
Signature
Wen Jiabao
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wen.

Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) is the sixth and current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as the country's head of government and leading its cabinet. He also holds membership in the 16th and 17th Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, the country's de facto top power organ, where he is ranked third out of nine members.

Wen is a geologist and engineer by profession and holds a postgraduate degree from the Beijing Institute of Geology, where he graduated in 1968. He was subsequently sent to Gansu province for geological work, and remained in China's hinterland regions during his climb up the bureaucratic ladder. He was transferred to Beijing to work as the head of the Party General Office between 1986 and 1993, and accompanied General Secretary Zhao Ziyang to the Tiananmen Square during the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests. In 1998, he was promoted to the post of Vice Premier under Zhu Rongji, his mentor, holding the portfolios of agriculture and finance.

Since taking office as Premier of the People's Republic of China in 2003, Wen has been a key part of the fourth generation of leadership in the Communist Party of China, along with General Secretary Hu Jintao. Soft-spoken and known for his strong work ethic, Wen has been one of the most visible members of the current Chinese administration both at home and abroad, and has been dubbed "the people's premier" by both domestic and foreign media.[1] His populist approach to policy and his commoner image with the public separates him from the rest of China's power elite.

Contents

Early life and rise to power

A native of Beichen, Tianjin, Wen Jiabao went to the famous Nankai High School from which his predecessor premier Zhou Enlai graduated. According to his official biography, he joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in April 1965 and entered the work force in September 1967.

A postgraduate and engineer, Wen graduated in the major of geological structure at Beijing Institute of Geology. Having studied geomechanics in Beijing, he began his career in the geology bureau of Gansu province; from 1968-1978, he presided over the Geomechanics Survey Team under the Gansu Provincial Geological Bureau and head of its political section. Rising as chief of the Gansu Provincial Geological Bureau and later as Vice-minister of Geology and Mineral Resources, Wen would rise through the ranks of the Central Committee and Politburo in the 1980s and 1990s. Wen's move from Gansu to Beijing occurred while the party, then under the leadership of General Secretary Hu Yaobang, was conducting a talent search; Wen was quickly appointed to serve as the deputy in the Party General Office, an organ that oversaw day-to-day operations of the party's leaders. He remained in the post for eight years.

Wen Jiabao is the only Director of the Party's General Office to have served under three General Secretaries: Hu Yaobang, Zhao Ziyang, and Jiang Zemin[2]. A political survivor, his most significant recovery was after 1989, when Wen accompanied General Secretary Zhao Ziyang to see demonstrating students in Tiananmen Square. His political fate was markedly more fortunate than Zhao; Zhao was purged from the party days later for "grave insubordination" and lived under house arrest in Beijing until his death in January 2005. Wen was able to survive the political aftermath of the demonstrations.

During a political career dating back to 1965, Wen has built a network of patrons. Throughout this period Wen, a strong administrator and technocrat, has earned a reputation for meticulousness, competence, and a focus on tangible results. Outgoing Premier Zhu Rongji showed his esteem for Wen by entrusting him, from 1998, with the task of overseeing agricultural, financial and environmental policies in the office of Vice-Premier, considered crucial as China prepared to enter the World Trade Organization. Wen served as Secretary of the Central Financial Work Commission from 1998 to 2002.

First-term Premiership

Wen has been the third-ranking member of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's highest ruling council, since November 2002. During the transition of authority as Hu Jintao assumed the presidency in March 2003, Wen Jiabao's nomination as premier was confirmed by the National People's Congress with over 99% of the delegates' vote. As premier, Wen has overseen the continuation of China's economic reforms and has been involved in shifting national goals from economic growth at all costs to growth which also emphasizes more egalitarian wealth, along with other social goals, such as public health and education. In addition, the Chinese government under Wen has begun to focus on the social costs of economic development, which include damage to the environment and to workers' health. This more comprehensive definition of development has been encapsulated into the idea of a xiaokang society.

Wen's broad range of experience and expertise, especially cultivated while presiding over agricultural policies under Zhu Rongji has been important as the "fourth generation" seeks to revitalize the rural economy in regions left out by the past two decades of reform.

Initially regarded as quiet and unassuming, he is said to be a good communicator and is known as a "man of the people." Wen has appeared to make great efforts to reach out those who seem left out by two decades of stunning economic growth in rural and especially western China. Unlike Jiang Zemin and his protégés on the Politburo Standing Committee, who form the so-called "Shanghai clique", both Wen and Hu hail from, and have cultivated their political bases, in the vast Chinese interior. Many have noted the contrasts between Wen and Hu, "men of the people" and Jiang Zemin, the flamboyant, multilingual, and urbane former mayor of the country's most cosmopolitan city. Jiang, unlike the more reserved Hu and Wen, is known to quote maxims from Chinese and Western philosophy and recite poetry in many languages.

Like General Secretary Hu Jintao, whose purported brilliance and photographic memory have facilitated his meteoric rise to power, Wen is regarded as well-equipped to preside over a vast bureaucracy in the world's most populated and perhaps rapidly changing nation. In March 2003, the usually self-effacing Wen was quoted as saying, "The former Swiss ambassador to China once said that my brain is like a computer", he said. "Indeed, many statistics are stored in my brain."[3]

Mild-tempered and conciliatory, especially compared to his predecessor, the tough, straight-talking Zhu Rongji, his consensual management style has enabled him to generate a great deal of good will, but has also created some opponents who are in support of tougher policy decisions. Notably, Wen was widely known to have clashed with then-Shanghai party chief Chen Liangyu, who disagreed with the central government's policies[4].

Wen has been involved in a two major episodes involving public health. In early 2003, he was involved in ending the official inaction over the SARS crisis. In November 2003, he became the first major Chinese official to publicly address the problem of AIDS, which has devastated parts of the provinces of Yunnan and Henan and threatens to be a major burden on Chinese development[citation needed]. Since May 2004, Wen made various visits to communities devastated by AIDS, trips shown prominently on national media. By showing these actions, Wen displayed an effort to reverse years of what many activists have described as a policy of denial and inaction. Furthermore, Wen is concerned about the health and safety of previous drug addicts; since March 2004, Wen had visited several drug addict treatment facilities in southern China and addressed the issue to the patients in person, recognizing that AIDS is more likely to be spread by drug abuse and the reuse of hypodermic syringes than by sexual contact[5].

Wen was known to conduct visits to relatively poor areas of China's countryside randomly to avoid elaborate preparations to appease officials and hide the real situation, which is done often in China. At committee meetings of the State Council, Wen made it clear that the rural wealth disparity problem must be addressed. Along with General Secretary Hu Jintao, the government focused on the "Three Rural Issues", namely, agriculture, the countryside, and farmers, and emphasized these core areas as requiring further work and development. The Hu-Wen administration abolished the thousand year old agricultural tax entirely in 2005, a bold move that significantly changed the rural economic model. Like his predecessor, Zhu Rongji, Wen is generally seen as a popular communist official with the Chinese public. His attitude is seemingly sincere and warm, triggering comparisons with former premier Zhou Enlai. Wen spent Chinese New Year in 2005 with a group of coal miners in a Shanxi coal mine. To many, Wen has gained the image of being the "people's premier", a populist, and an ordinary Chinese citizen who knows and understands ordinary people's needs[6]. In an annual meeting of the Chinese Authors Association, Wen spoke for over two hours to the delegates without looking at script. To foreign media, Wen also remains the highest government figure in China to give free press conferences, often facing politically sensitive and difficult questions regarding subjects such as Taiwan Independence, Tibet and human rights.

Wen (second right) accompanied Zhao Ziyang to speak to the 1989 Tiananmen Square protestors, but unlike Zhao, was not purged in the aftermath of the crackdown.

Wen is also seen by many[citation needed] as an able diplomat. In December 2003, Wen visited the United States for the first time. During the trip, Wen was able to get President George W. Bush to issue what many saw as a mild rebuke to the then President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), Chen Shui-bian. Wen has also been on visits to Canada and Australia, mostly on economic issues. Wen also visited Japan in April 2007 in what was termed the "de-thawing journey", where he characterized the relationship between the Asian powers as for "mutual benefit". He also met with Emperor Akihito and played baseball.

On 15 March 2005, after the anti-secession law was passed, by a majority of 2,896 to nil, with two abstentions by the National People's Congress, Wen famously said: "We don't wish for foreign intervention, but we are not afraid of it." as an allusion to the United States' stance on Taiwan. That earned him a long round of applause that was rare even by Chinese standards.

On 5 March 2007, Wen announced plans to increase the military budget. By the end of 2007 the military budget rose 17.8 percent compared to the previous year's 45 billion dollars. These actions have created tension with the United States.[7]

There were rumours about Wen's retirement and reputed clashes with former Shanghai party chief Chen Liangyu before the party's 17th Party Congress. Some sources suggested that Wen would ask to retire due to fatigue. Ultimately, Wen stayed on the Premier job, and was responsible for the drafting of the important speech delivered by President Hu Jintao outlining China's direction in the next five years.

In January 2008, while China was undergoing severe snowstorms, Premier Wen made his way south and visited train stations in Changsha and Guangzhou, addressing the public while calming their mood for long train delays.

Second-term Premiership

Wen Jiabao at Tsinghua University, 3 May 2009

Premier Wen Jiabao was appointed to a second five-year term as China's premier on 16 March 2008, leading efforts to cool soaring inflation and showcase the country to the world at the 2008 Summer Olympics. He received fewer votes in favour than he did in 2003, a sign that the premiership can create enemies, even in the communist political system. Wen faces grave economic challenges as the world becomes increasingly affected by the U.S. economic crisis. Social stability and regional activism such as violence in Tibet are also require major concentration in policy.[8] On 18 March 2008, during the press conference after the 2008 National People's Congress, Premier Wen blamed supporters of the Dalai Lama for violence in Tibet, and said Chinese forces exercised restraint in confronting unrest there.[9] Wen was the spokesman of the Chinese government during the 2008 unrest in Tibet and refused to negotiate with the Dalai Lama and his followers, unless they chose to give up all separatist activities.

Wen also has a Facebook profile, whose authorship is unknown, that has gathered more popular support than any other non-American leader on the social networking site. Wen was the only non-American among the top five most popular politicians on Facebook before his profile was deleted by Facebook sometime around 16 June 2008 (it has since been restored, with no major changes). Despite Wen's constant presence on the national media that seems to overshadow that of his superior, Hu Jintao, there are no clear divisions between the leaders. A group of intellectuals have warned against Wen's populist approach, claiming it will affect China's economic development.[10]

Response to Earthquake

Wen Jiabao with two children.

Premier Wen Jiabao's popularity was boosted significantly when he went to the disaster area of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake a mere few hours after the disaster occurred. He declared on national television that survivors are to be rescued as long as there is "a glimmer of hope". He was named the Executive Director of the Earthquake Relief Efforts Committee immediately following the disaster. Following his visits to the area, images of the Premier were displayed on national media, numerous videos popped up on Chinese video sites making comparisons with former Premier Zhou Enlai, a largely popular figure who was also dubbed the "People's Premier". While China's leaders are often shown on state television looking rather stiff and sitting motionlessly, Wen's on-site image and candid nature has attracted a large popular following of Chinese citizens[11].

In addition, there was speculation on internet forums as well as foreign media about the availability of the scientific prediction of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, and Wen was quoted as the only high-ranking Chinese leader to try to announce the scientific prediction and made it public, but was somehow prevented by other members of the all powerful Politburo Standing Committee, China's top power organ.[12][13]

Shoeing incident in UK

Wen went on a series of official visits to Europe in February 2009, while also attending the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. On 2 February, Wen traveled to the University of Cambridge to give the prestigious Rede Lecture. The lecture was entitled "See China in the Light of Her Development". Nearing the end of his lecture, a man later identified as a 27-year-old German national Martin Jahnke,[14] stood from the audience, blew a whistle and shouted, "how can the university prostitute itself with this dictator here? How can you listen to these lies he's telling?" The surrounding audience reproached him with "Shame on you, shame on you" and "Get out". Jahnke then threw his shoe at Wen, missing the premier by a few feet.[15] Jahnke was promptly removed from the lecture by University Proctors and has subsequently been arrested by Police on suspicion of breach of the peace and attempted assault.[16] "This despicable behaviour cannot stand in the way of friendship between China and the UK," Wen commented calmly after a brief pause, receiving a round of applause from the audience and continued his lecture. [15] [17] The Vice-Chancellor, Professor Alison Richard, expressed regret that the man did not show respect to the guest speaker. On 7 February, Fu Ying, Chinese Ambassador to the United Kingdom, conveyed Wen's opinion to forgive Jahnke. [18]

2009 NPC

Before the 2009 National People's Congress convened, on 28 February, Premier Wen Jiabao went online on video chat to answer questions hosted by China's official government website gov.cn and Chinese news agency website Xinhuanet. During the session Wen openly advocated for conspiracy of the government and remarked that he was somewhat nervous about the occasion. He received a wide range of questions from large numbers of online Chinese netizens and chose to answer selected questions about prominent economic issues, such as global financial breakdown.

At the Congress Wen also passed on a message of reassurance that China's growth will not dip below 8% in 2009. Wen did not introduce a new stimulus package, and played down speculation that part of the 1.18 trillion RMB central government spending was not going directly into the economy. He also expressed concern about the security of China's holdings in U.S. treasury debt. In a more unusual gesture, Wen also expressed interest to visit Taiwan, stating he would "swim there if [he] could not walk".[19]

Foreign policy

Wen at the 2009 World Economic Forum in Davos.

Wen Jiabao has played a prominent role advancing China's foreign policy positions and has become increasingly visible on the world stage as China's economic power greatly expanded. He went on an official working visit to North Korea on 4 October 2009, the first time a Chinese Premier has visited North Korea since Li Peng's visit in 1993.[citation needed] He was greeted at the Pyongyang Airport by ailing North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il. Kim rarely greets foreign dignitaries himself upon their arrival at the airport. Reuters believed this to be a show of solidarity from North Korea and that the country was serious in fostering a good relationship with China.[20] Wen also met with European Union leaders at a China-EU conference in late November 2009, where he refused calls for China to revalue its Yuan and re-examine its foreign exchange regime.[21] Wen remarked in Nanjing that "some countries are on the one hand pressuring China to appreciate its currency while on the other hand they are practising trade protectionism against China in many different forms."[22] In December, Wen mildly rebuked Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper during the latter's working visit to China, stating, "This is your first trip to China and this is the first meeting between the Chinese Premier and the Canadian Prime Minister in almost five years. Five years is too long a time for China Canada relations."[23] However, this is largely misinterpreted by the Canadian and Western medias as "it is important to know that in Chinese culture, when a friend visits another friend's home after a long period of time, it is quite common for the host to express publicly that he or she acknowledges that the friend has not visited for a long time and that he or she wishes for more frequent visits. The host's comments would not be taken or meant as a "rebuke" or soft attack, since this message actually conveys that the guest holds high importance and that the host desires to see the guest more often."[24] Wen also travelled to Copenhagen for the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference, where he met with U.S. President Barack Obama twice to secure an 11th-hour non-binding agreement on emissions cuts.[25]

Political influence

As the head of Chinese Central People's government, Wen Jiabao is considered to be one of the most powerful statesman in the world. In 2006, he was named to the Time 100 list. In 2009, Wen was named one of ten people and the only non-American in a list compiled by ABC of people who shaped the U.S. economy the most since 2000.[26] Wen also topped a list of "10 leaders to watch" in 2010 released 19 January by Eurasia Group, a global political risk research and consulting firm. Behind that U.S. President Barack Obama came second.[27]

Political views

There is some dispute inside China, as well as in the Hong Kong and Taiwan journalistic circles regarding the political views of Wen Jiabao. Because he appears more often than Hu Jintao in front of the press, Wen's viewpoints, although difficult to gauge in their entirety, are easier to discern than those of Hu. Generally media both inside and outside China credit Wen as "populist" and in touch with the needs of ordinary people. On most social issues Wen seems to be moderate, with his brand of policies based around societal harmony as prescribed by the Scientific Development Concept, the leading ideology of the administration.

It is also not completely clear what Wen's views are on the subject of political reform. He has remarked that "the socialist system will continue in China for the next 100 years"[28], although later in a Press Conference at the 2007 National People's Congress, he stated that "democracy is one of the basic goals of the socialist system". However this may be along the same line of thought, as constitutionally China does promote democracy de jure, although not in any meaningful sense. Furthermore, in an interview in September 2008, Wen acknowledged that the democratic system in China needs to be improved, where the power "truly belongs to the people" through the construction of an independent judicial system and for the government to accept criticism from the people.[29] Wen, a former ally of Premier Zhao Ziyang, is likely supportive of the latter's political rehabilitation. However, thus far Wen has rarely mentioned Zhao. When asked by CNN whether or not China will liberalize for free elections in the next 25 years, Wen stated that it would be "hard to predict". On the subject of Taiwan, Wen reputedly believes in gradual negotiations.

Xinhua has published articles in early 2007 with Wen's name separately attributed in several articles on the direction of national development. This was suspected as a sign that Wen has some differing viewpoints to the official party line. In September 2007 Wen composed a poem on a national newspaper, subtly introducing his romantic perception about China's future development, a move lauded by overseas media. There is also some indication that Wen and Hu Jintao are not completely like-minded on subjects such as democracy. While Wen openly talks about democracy and increased freedoms in his speeches and interviews with foreign correspondents, much of it is deemed "sensitive" commentary and censored in state media. Wen remarked that "someone who speaks is not a criminal, someone who listens is duly warned" (Chinese: 言者无罪,闻者足戒, which alludes to the Shi Jing or Book of Odes) at a internal party conference in 2009, an event reported on Xinhua and other state networks. His remarks triggered debate from netizens, as it seemed to contravene the practices of the Communist Party, particularly in its suppression of dissent. Analysts noted that Wen's message was aimed at party members, and not necessarily the general public, owing to the fact that Wen believes freedom of speech has deteriorated since Hu Jintao's accession to power and has negatively affected China's political landscape and international reputation.[30] His comments also ostensibly addressed the pervasive "fake-talking" present in Chinese political circles, in an attempt to curb systemic and institutional woes stemming from officials who are afraid to speak the truth.[30]

Personal life

Wen Jiabao is married to Zhang Peili, a jewellery expert and investor, who has rarely appeared with Wen in public. They have a son, Wen Yunsong, who is CEO of Unihub, a Chinese networking company, and a daughter, Wen Ruchun. He has stated that his one regret so far in life was "Never having learned to fly airplanes."

Famous quotations from the premier

Talking about Chinese fast economic growth and social justice and fairness Wen Jiabao said: "The speed of the fleet is not determined by the fastest vessel; rather it is determined by the slowest one."[31]

  • During 2008 Sichuan Earthquake, Wen's angry reply to the PLA rescue team about their delays before they boarded the rescue plane: “我就一句话,是人民在养你们,你们自己看着办。” Translation: “I only have one sentence to say: it is the people who kept you fed, so do as you see fit.”[32]
一方有难 八方支援 Translation: When one corner of the world is in trouble, the whole world comes to help.
  • Response to questions by CNN Fareed Zakaria on 23 September 2008: I can also tell you on the Internet in China, you can have access to a lot of postings that are quite critical about the government. It is exactly through reading these critical opinions on the Internet that we try to locate problems and further improve our work. I don't think a system or a government should fear critical opinions or views. Only by heeding those critical views would it be possible for us to further improve our work and make further progress. I frequently browse the Internet to learn about a situation.[33]
  • Chinese: 我一直认为群众有权力知道政府在想什么、做什么,并且对政府的政策提出批评意见,政府也需要问政于民、问计于民,推进政务公开和决策的民主化。 Translation: I always thought that people have the right to know what government is planning, and what government is currently working on; and people should have critical opinions towards government policy; government should also listen to the people, and accept suggestions from the people, and improve transparency of policy, and have democracy in government policy making.
  • Chinese: 我还是想借这个机会,先要感谢农民工兄弟姐妹们,你们为中国的建设,贡献了很大的力量,许多工厂、矿山,一些繁重的岗位,你们常年坚守在那里,城市的高楼大厦是你们盖的,最重、最脏、最累、最危险的活是你们干的。 Translation: I like to take the opportunity, to say thanks to peasants-migrant-workers, who are like our brothers and sisters, who have contributed immensely towards the reconstruction of China; years after years, you work in factories, mines; all those high-rise buildings were built by you; you take in all those most heavy, most dirty, most tiresome, and most dangerous jobs.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wen Jiabao re-elected Chinese Premier
  2. ^ ::溫式微笑將給中國帶來什麼?溫家寶的中國命題::
  3. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2836857.stm
  4. ^ VOA
  5. ^ Pisani, Elizabeth. The Wisdom of Whores: Bureaucrats, Brothels and the Business of AIDS. p. 76. http://www.wisdomofwhores.com/. 
  6. ^ BBC: 透視中國:官員的施政個性
  7. ^ Budget Increase
  8. ^ Wen gets second term as China's premier
  9. ^ Dalai Lama 'to resign' if violence worsens
  10. ^ The Economist: Populist Politics in China Retrieved June 2008
  11. ^ IHT: China's 'Grandpa Wen' widely admired for work to rally victims in hard-hit earthquake areas
  12. ^ "Google translation:Open journal: concealment of the CPC Political Bureau of Sichuan earthquake early warning". Sina BBS. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=zh-TW&u=http://bbs.sina.com/viewthread.php%3Ftid%3D46065%26extra%3Dpage%253D1&ei=5u-oSfPNAonOtQOWxeDWDw&sa=X&oi=translate&resnum=9&ct=result&prev=/search%3Fq%3D%25E6%25BA%25AB%25E5%25AE%25B6%25E5%25AE%259D%25E6%25B1%25B6%25E5%25B7%259D%25E5%259C%25B0%25E9%259C%2587%25E9%25A0%2590%25E5%2591%258A%26start%3D90%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  13. ^ 中央社记者王曼娜 (2 July 2008). "In Chinese:开放杂志:中共政治局隐瞒四川地震预警". DWNEWS.com. http://app2.dwnews.com/view-article.php?url=/gb/MainNews/SinoNews/Mainland/cna_2008_07_02_11_04_14_599.html. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  14. ^ "Officials name suspect in Wen shoe case". Agence France-Presse. 8 February 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5j-ickSUjFxvvKPrmlLTN_OoRNKKQ. Retrieved 9 February 2009. 
  15. ^ a b http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article5643558.ece
  16. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/02/02/china.uk.shoe.protest/
  17. ^ "Protester throws shoe at Chinese PM in Britain". Agence France-Presse. 2 February 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5glh8ZZ1Caxa0hi1rEYYyZvKB7CdA. Retrieved 16 February 2009. 
  18. ^ "Ambassador Fu Ying Comments on the Apology by the Offending Student from Cambridge University". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 7 February 2009. http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx/t535862.htm. Retrieved 17 February 2009. 
  19. ^ Xinhua
  20. ^ "Chinese premier meets NK leader". BBC NEWS. 4 October 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8289170.stm. 
  21. ^ Wheeler, Carolynne (30 November 2009). "China refuses to budge on EU plea to boost yuan". Beijing. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/china-refuses-to-budge-on-eu-plea-to-boost-yuan/article1382236/. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  22. ^ Bougon, Francois (30 November 2009). "China's Wen says yuan stability is vital". Nanjing: AFP. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5icnW12DBknOHafJ15z-P4uGk6M9A. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  23. ^ "Transcript of Harper's exchange with Premier Wen". Beijing: The Globe and Mail. 3 Dec. 2009. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/transcript-of-harpers-exchange-with-premier-wen/article1386788/. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  24. ^ "Harper was not Rebuked". The National Post. 9 Dec. 2009. http://www.nationalpost.com/news/canada/politics/story.html?id=2319964. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  25. ^ "Obama and Wen take historic talks to brink". Copenhagen: AFP. http://www.smh.com.au/environment/obama-and-wen-take-historic-talks-to-brink-20091219-l6oj.html. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  26. ^ Ten Most Powerful Economic Figures of the Decade
  27. ^ Chinese Premier Named 'World Leader to Watch' for 2010
  28. ^ China promises socialism for 100 years Richard Spencer, The Daily Telegraph
  29. ^ Interview with Wen Jiabao, CNN, 28 September 2008.
  30. ^ a b "温家宝“言者无罪”引热议 (Discussions over Wen Jiabao's Comments)" (in Chinese). Radio Free Asia. 21 November 2009. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/wen-11202009224215.html?searchterm=None. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  31. ^ Joseph Kahn, China isn't looking to replace U.S., prime minister says, The International Herald Tribune, 16 March 2007
  32. ^ "In Chinese:军队行动迟缓 温家宝怒摔电话". Renminbao.com. 16 May 2008. http://renminbao.com/rmb/articles/2008/5/16/47669.html. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  33. ^ "Transcript of interview with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao". CNN. 28 September 2008. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/09/29/chinese.premier.transcript/index.html. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
This article contains Traditional Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Zhu Rongji
Premier of the People's Republic of China
2003–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wang Zhaoguo
Director of the General Office of CCCPC
1986–1993
Succeeded by
Zeng Qinghong

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Only when the masses are reassured, can the country be at peace. Only when the country is at peace, can the leaders be relieved.

Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) has been the Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China since 2003.

Sourced

  • 大家都说,每个人都应该有自己的梦想。我想我也有个自己的梦想,或者说是愿望,就是希望每个中国人都能生活得好,让农村的孩子都能上学,让每个到就业年龄的人都能有工作。让人民不至于因为生病而烦恼,解决他们的医疗,特别是农村的医疗问题。我想,这也是每个中国人的梦。
    • The people agree that everyone should have his own visions. I, too, have visions, or wishes. I wish that every Chinese citizen can live a life of satisfaction, every peasant child can go to school and every person reaching a working age can have a job. I wish people wouldn't have to worry about medical care if they are sick, particularly those in rural areas. I believe that this is the dream of every Chinese person.
      • South China Morning Post (7 May 2004)

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