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Wenzel Jaksch
Born September 22, 1896(1896-09-22)
Langstrobnitz, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
Died November 27, 1966 (aged 70)
Wiesbaden, Germany
Nationality German
Occupation Politician
Political party SPÖ
DSAP
SPD

Wenzel Jaksch (25 September 1896 – 27 November 1966) was a Sudeten German Socialdemocrat politician and the President of the Federation of Expellees in 1964-66.[1]

Contents

Biography

Jaksch was born in Langstrobnitz, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (today Horní Stropnice, Czech Republic) and started to work as a construction worker in the age of 14 in Vienna. He joined the Austrian Social Democratic Party in 1913 and served in the Austrian Army in World War I, where he was badly wounded. After World War I he started to work as a journalist for a German-language Socialdemocratic newspaper in Czechoslovakia[1]

In 1929 he was elected as a member of the Parliament of Czechoslovakia in Prague representing the German Social Democratic Workers Party in the Czechoslovak Republic and became its chairman in 1938[2]. Jaksch opposed the growing influence of Nazis in Sudetengerman Politics[3]. After Germany invaded Czechslovakia in March 1939, Wenzel escaped to Poland and after the German invasion of Poland to Great Britain, where he represented the interests of the Sudetengermans at the Czechoslovak government-in-exile.[1][3]

After World War II the Germans were expelled from Czechoslovakia and Jaksch moved to Western Germany, where he became responsible for Refugee affairs in the Socialdemocratic Party of Germany in 1949. In 1950-53 he was the director of the Hessian State Office for Expellees, Refugees and Evacuees and founded the Seliger-Gemeinde, an Association of Sudeten German Socialdemocrats, in 1951. In 1957 he was elected a member of the Bundestag, in 1961 he became the Vice-President of the Sudeten German Federal Assembly and in 1964 President of the German Federation of Expellees.[1]

Jaksch was the President of the German Foundation for European Peace Questions (Deutsche Stiftung für Europäische Friedensfragen) and a member of the Sudetengerman Council.[1]

Jaksch died in a road accident in Wiesbaden.[2]

Awards

Publications

  • Was kommt nach Hitler?, in: Jitka Vondrová, Češi a sudetoněmecká otázka, 1939
  • Can industrial peoples be transferred? - The future of the Sudeten population, Executive of the Sudeten Social Democratic Party (Herausg.), London 1943
  • Mass transfer of minorities, Aufsatz in: Socialist commentary (4 S.), London, ca. 1944
  • Sudeten labour and the Sudeten problem - a report to international labour, Herausg.: Executive of the Sudeten German Social Democracy Party, London 1945. - 47 S.
  • Wir heischen Gehör - ein wichtiges historisches Dokument für die Wiedergutmachung der völkerrechtswidrigen Ausweisungen; Petition an die Vereinten Nationen / von Wenzel Jaksch (37 S.). München, Verl. "Das Volk", 1948.
  • Sozialdemokratie und Sudetenproblem (15 S.), Frankfurt a. M./Höchst, 1949
  • Der Dolchstoß gegen den Frieden - Untertitel: Richters neue Legende, SPD-Faltblatt, Bonn, ca. 1950
  • Heimatrecht. Anspruch und Wirklichkeit (mit Erich von Hoffmann), Verlag der Altherrenschaft bündischer Studentenverbände, Erlangen 1957.
  • Europas Weg nach Potsdam (533 S.), 1958; 4. Auflage (mit einem Nachruf von Willy Brandt), München 1990, ISBN 3-7844-2304-3. (Das Hauptwerk von Wenzel Jaksch)
  • Der 4. März 1919 und das Elend der deutschen Geschichtsschreibung, Verlag des Münchner Buchgewerbehauses, München 1959.
  • Deutsche Ostpolitik - ein Experiment in Sachlichkeit; in: Die Neue Gesellschaft, Nr. 12/1965, S. 800 - 802.
  • Gedanken zur Ostpolitik, Verlag „Die Brücke“, Hg.: Seliger-Gemeinde, 32 Seiten, ca. 1966

Sources

  • Martin K. Bachstein: Wenzel Jaksch und die sudetendeutsche Sozialdemokratie. Munich, 1974.
  • Detlef Brandes: Der Weg zur Vertreibung 1938-1945. Pläne und Entscheidungen zum Transfer der Deutschen aus der Tschechoslowakei und aus Polen. Munich, 2001.
  • Edmund Jauernig: Sozialdemokratie und Revanchismus. Zur Geschichte und Politik Wenzel Jakschs und der Seliger Gemeinde. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, East Berlin 1968.
  • Hans-Werner Martin: „… nicht spurlos aus der Geschichte verschwinden“: Wenzel Jaksch und die Integration der sudetendeutschen Demokraten in die SPD nach dem II. Weltkrieg (1945-1949). Lang, Frankfurt, 1996.
  • Friedrich Prinz: Benes, Jaksch und die Sudetendeutschen. Stuttgart: Seliger-Archiv, 1975, 76 S.
  • Emil Werner: Wenzel Jaksch, Bonn 1991.

References

External links

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