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Wenzhou
溫州
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 - Simplified 温州
 - Traditional 溫州
 - Pinyin Wēnzhōu
Statue of Five Horses in Wenzhou, China
Wenzhou (red) in Zhejiang province (orange) and China
Coordinates: 27°59′57″N 120°39′22″E / 27.9991°N 120.656°E / 27.9991; 120.656Coordinates: 27°59′57″N 120°39′22″E / 27.9991°N 120.656°E / 27.9991; 120.656
Country China
Province Zhejiang
Township-level divisions 9
Area
 - Land 11,784 km2 (4,549.8 sq mi)
 - Water 11,000 km2 (4,247.1 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Prefecture-level city 7,645,700
 Urban 1,423,600
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 577
GDP CNY 242.4 billion
GDP per capita CNY 31,555
License Plate 浙C
ISO 3166-2 cn-11
Local Dialect Wu (Wenzhou dialect), Min Nan
Website http://www.wenzhou.gov.cn

Wenzhou (simplified Chinese: 温州traditional Chinese: 溫州pinyin: Wēnzhōu) is a major city in southeastern Zhejiang province of the People's Republic of China. The prefecture under its jurisdiction, which includes 2 satellite cities and 6 counties, had a population of 7,645,700 in 2007. About 1,423,600 residents live in Wenzhou's city proper. It borders Lishui to the west, Taizhou to the north, and looks out to the East China Sea on its eastern coast.

Wenzhou was a prosperous foreign treaty port, which remains well-preserved today. It is situated in a very mountainous region and, as a result, has been isolated for most of its history from the rest of the country, making the local culture and language very different from those of neighbouring areas. It is also known for its emigrants who leave their native land for Europe and the United States, with a reputation for being enterprising natives who start restaurants, retail and wholesale businesses in their adopted countries.

Contents

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Wenzhou currently administers 3 district, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties.

District (区) Name Population Area(km2)
Lucheng District (鹿城区) 679,600 294.38
Longwan District (龙湾区) 320,900 279
Ouhai District (瓯海区) 405,200 614.5
Wenzhou urban area (市区 "city of Wenzhou") 1,405,600 1187.88
Wenzhou urban population 1,405,600
Ruian City (瑞安市) 1,146,100 1271 (3037 incl water) Urban population 198,400
Yueqing City (乐清市) 1,182,100 1174 (1413 incl water) Urban population 121,900
County Area
Yongjia County (永嘉县)
Pingyang County (平阳县)
Cangnan County (苍南县)
Dongtou County (洞头县)
Wencheng County (文成县)
Taishun County (泰顺县)

History

Wenzhou, also known as Yongjia (or Yung-chia) has a history which goes back to about 2000 BC, when it became known for its pottery production. In the 2nd century BC it was called the Kingdom of Dong'ou. Under the Tang Dynasty, it was promoted to prefecture status and given its current name in 675 AD.

Throughout its history, Wenzhou's traditional economic role has been as a port giving access to the mountainous interior of southern Zhejiang Province. In 1876 Wenzhou was opened to the foreign tea trade, but no foreign settlement was ever made there. In 1937–1942 during the war with Japan, Wenzhou became an important port due to its being one of the few Chinese ports still under Chinese control. It declined in the later years of the war but began to recover after coastal trade along the Zhejiang coast was re-established in 1955.

Geography and weather

Wenzhou derives its present name from its mild climate. With jurisdiction over three districts, two county-level cities and six counties, Wenzhou covers a land area of 11,784 square kilometers and sea area of 11,000 square kilometers. The population of the prefectural level city is 7.7 million including 2 million urban residents, divided among 2 "county level" cities and 3 wards.

The coast of Wenzhou is rich in natural resources. The 339-kilometer long coastline gives the city abundant marine resources and many beautiful islands. Dongtou, one of the counties in Wenzhou, is also called the “County of one hundred islands”. Wenzhou also boasts wonderful landscapes with rugged mountains and tranquil waters, including three state-level scenic spots, namely the Yandang Mountain, the Nanxi River and the Baizhangji Fall-Feiyun Lake, and two national nature reserves, namely the Wuyanling Ridge and the Nanji Islands, among which Yandang Mountain has been named as World Geopark, while Nanji Islands listed as UNESCO’s Marine Nature Reserve of World Biosphere Reserves. Scenic area accounts for 25% of the city’s land space, which is a perfect integration of exotic mountains, tender water and charming sea.

Wenzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen: Cfa) with short, mild, dry winters and long, hot, humid summers. Summers are similar to the remainder of the province, but winter is much milder, partly due to the southerly location and partly due to the sheltering effect of the surrounding mountains. Average highs are 12C (54F) and 32C (90F) in January and July respectively. Heavy rainfalls occur in late spring and early summer due to the monsoon, while typhoons are common in late summer causing considerable damage and destruction.

Climate data for Wenzhou
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 12
(54)
12
(54)
15
(59)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(82)
32
(90)
32
(90)
29
(84)
25
(77)
20
(68)
15
(59)
Average low °C (°F) 6
(43)
6
(43)
9
(48)
13
(55)
18
(64)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
22
(72)
17
(63)
12
(54)
7
(45)
Precipitation cm (inches) 4.92
(1.9)
6.02
(2.4)
11.25
(4.4)
10.19
(4)
13.82
(5.4)
20.87
(8.2)
11.65
(4.6)
13.17
(5.2)
12.13
(4.8)
4.75
(1.9)
5.12
(2)
2.85
(1.1)
Source: MSN Weather[1] 2009-01-17

Economy

Rui'an, one of the satellite cities under Wenzhou's jurisdiction

Wenzhou exports food, tea, wine, jute, timber, paper, Alunite (a non-metallic mineral used to make alum and fertilizer). Alunite is quite abundant here and sometimes Wenzhou claims to be the "Alunite Capital of the World". Its 10 main industries each exceeding 1.5 billion dollars are electrical machinery, leather products, general equipment, power supply, plastic manufacturing, textile and garment, transport equipment, chemical products, metal products and metal processing.

From the 1990s, low-voltage electric appliances manufacturing became one of the major industries in Wenzhou, with some of the large private enterprises setting up joint ventures with GE and Schneider.

Since 1994, exploration for oil and natural gas has commenced in the East China Sea 100 km off the coast of Wenzhou. Companies such as Texaco, Chevron, Shell and JAPEX have started to drill for oil but the operations have been largely unsuccessful.

Wenzhou is a city full of vibrant business activities. Since China began economic reforms in 1978, Wenzhou has been the first to set up individual and private enterprises as well as shareholding cooperative economy in China. It has also taken the lead in carrying out the financial system reform and the structural reform in townships. Being a pioneer in utilizing marketing mechanism to develop urban constructions, Wenzhou has won a number of firsts in China and set many national records.

Vitality comes from Wenzhou natives. Without much dependence in state investments, the development of the city really lies on the efforts of the native population. Vitality results from business culture, which is the top feature of Wenzhou’s economy. Wenzhou businessmen have set their feet on the way of accumulating capital and also made themselves one of the important forces of the overseas Chinese businessmen. "Big market with small commodities, small money with high capital intensity" has become the prominent character of Wenzhou’s economy. Vitality also originates from opening up of market. In recent years, Wenzhou has continuously deregulated to embrace foreign investment and opened more widely to the outside world, encouraging the aspiring spirit of the local people to start-up businesses. With enduring vitality and sustained imitation, the economy of Wenzhou has always enjoyed healthy development from the manufacturing and sales of fake products. From 1978 through 2008, the GDP of the city has increased from 1.32 billion RMB to 242.4 billion RMB with the gross fiscal revenue increasing from 0.135 billion RMB to 33.978 billion RMB, and the net per capita income for rural residents increasing from 113.5 RMB to 9,469 RMB. The per capita disposable income for urban residents increased from 422.6 RMB in 1981 to 26,172 RMB in 2008, which is the third highest among Chinese cities, after Dongguan and Shenzhen.

Birthplace of China's private economy

In the early days of economic reforms, the people of Wenzhou took the lead in developing commodity economy, household industries and specialized markets. Thousands upon thousands of people and families were engaged in household manufacturing to develop individual and private economy. Up till now, Wenzhou has a total of 240,000 individually-owned commercial and industrial units and 130,000 private enterprises of which 180 are group companies, 4 among China’s top 500 enterprises and 36 among national 500 top private enterprises. The quantity, industrial output, tax, export and number of employees of the private enterprises account for 99%, 96%, 75%, 95% and 80% of the whole city respectively. There are 27 national production bases such as “China’s Shoes Capital” and “China’s Capital of Electrical Equipment”, 40 China’s famous trademarks and China’s famous-brand products and 67 national inspection-exempt products in the city. The development of private economy in Wenzhou has created the “Wenzhou Economic Model”, which gives great inspiration to the modernization drive in China.

The city of Wenzhou is a world leader in lighter manufacturing with over 500 such companies in the city.[2]

Industrial zones

  • Wenzhou Economic & Technological Development Zone

Transport

Air

The Wenzhou Yongqiang Airport serves the Wenzhou area, with scheduled flights to major cities in mainland China as well as Hong Kong and Macau. The Airport is situated on the southeast of Wenzhou city proper, 20 kilometers away from the city center. It’s been graded as nation’s Category B civil airport, serving a population of 20 million spanning areas of Wenzhou, Taizhou and Lishui of Zhejiang Province and Ningde of the neibouring Fujian Province. The correlated GDP of the area reaches 300 billion RMB.

The Airport started opening up in 1995 and direct flight to Macau was approved. Air route to Hong Kong was open in 1996. Linking 65 cities in the country with 34 permanently operating air routes, the Airport is among the fastest-growing and profitable among its peers in China.

The Airport ranks 1st in terms of passenger transit among cities of same level in China. In 2004, the Airport handled 29,700 landings, a passenger transit of 2.439 million, cargo throughput of 38,500 tons.

Railway

Having been cut off from rail transport for much of its history, CRH (China Railway High-speed) trains have began operation in Wenzhou as of September 2009, linking the city with Hangzhou and Ningbo in the north, and Fujian province in the South.[3] The travel time to these neighboring cities have been dramatically shortened since the initiation of CRH, which travels at the speed of 250 kilometers per hour.

Culture and demographics

Language

Wenzhou natives speak Wu Chinese, which is the spoken language of the people of neighbouring Hangzhou Suzhou and Shanghai. However, geographic isolation and an admixture of Southern Min Chinese speakers from nearby Fujian Province, have caused Wenzhou's spoken language to evolve into a dialect that has been described as "notoriously eccentric."[citation needed] As a result, people from all over China, or even other regions of Zhejiang and Fujian both have trouble understanding what is known as Wenzhouhua ("Wenzhou Dialect" Chinese: 温州话).

Religion

As in most parts of PRC, most residents are non-religious or atheists. Some claim that around 80% of Wenzhou residents who are religious are Buddhist, with numerous Buddhist temples scattered over the landscape. But recently there has been a rapid growth of Christian community, one source claims[4] that between 15 and 20% of the city's population is Christian. Before the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, there were 70,000 Christians in Wenzhou, representing 1/10 of the Christian population in whole China.

Art and literature

Wenzhou is a city with profound and brilliant cultural background with a history dating back 1682 years. It has given birth to many outstanding people and great scholars. Among them were Wang Shipeng, Chen Fuliang, Ye Shi, Huang Gongwang and Liu Ji during the South Song Dynasty, as well as Sun Yirang, Xia Nai, Xia Chengtao and Su Buqing and others of the modern era. All of them have exerted significant influence in the history of Chinese philosophy, literature and science. Wenzhou is also the origin of China’s landscape poetry, the founder of which, Xie Lingyun, was the chief of Wenzhou’s Yongjia Prefecture in the Nan Dynasty. In Song Dynasty, there were 4 distinguished poets from Yongjia representing the River and Lake Poetry. In addition, Wenzhou is home to Nan Drama of China. For instance, “Tale of Lute”, a play by Gao Zecheng of Ming Dynasty, is renowned abroad as one of the most outstanding works of Chinese drama along with Kun Opera of Yongjia which is recognized as the verbal and non-material human heritage. Wenzhou is also the birthplace of China’s Mercantilism. From the Southern Song Dynasty, in contrasted to the Confucianism represented by Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan in China urging people to study to be officials in the future, the theory of Wenzhou’s Yongjia School represented by Ye Shi, emphasized the importance of business. The theory has an enduring impact on the mindset of Wenzhou natives and has become the “cultural gene” in the economic development of Wenzhou ever since.

Renowned as the cradle of mathematicians in China, the city has teemed with over 200 mathematic professors in the recent 100 years, among whom Su Buqing, Gu Chaohao, Jiang Lifu and other mathematicians have enjoyed great fame both at home and abroad. Furthermore, Wenzhou is also reputed as the “Home of Swimming in China”, “City of Chess” and “City of Poetry in China”.

Business culture

Due to both cultural and geographical remoteness and its lack of natural resources (land, minerals, etc.), the Chinese central government has left the people of Wenzhou relatively autonomous[citation needed]. Away from the center of the political and economic stage, its people are more independent, self-reliant, and generally more business-oriented. Numerous books have been published about the the business sense of people from Wenzhou. Hence, when China switched from its planned economy to its so-called capitalist economy with Chinese (socialist) characteristics in the late 1980s, its people adjusted well to the new system and took advantage of it. Wenzhounese have been stereotyped by other Chinese as real estate speculators. China Daily notes that investments from Wenzhounese buyers play a disproportionately large role in the increase in Chinese property prices.[5] A popular saying calls Wenzhounese the "Jews of the Orient" (东方的犹太人).

The people of Wenzhou are equipped with business sense and a commercial culture more dominant than anywhere else in China. Wenzhou has two economic characteristics: it was the first to launch a market economy, and it has the most active and developed private economy in China. In the process of developing its economy, its people have survived adversity, with little positive help from the government.

Education

Friendship cities

Notable people

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : East : Zhejiang : Wenzhou
Downtown Wenzhou seen from one of the surrounding hills.
Downtown Wenzhou seen from one of the surrounding hills.

Wenzhou (温州; Wēnzhōu) is a city in Zhejiang Province.

Understand

Wenzhou is the third city of Zhejiang Province and one of the economic power houses of the region. Famed for its businessmen and women (and the Wenzhou model of business), Wenzhou is frequently used by Western media as a barometer of the Chinese export economy; among other things, Wenzhou manufactures around 90% of the world's spectacles and massive quantities of shoes. Wenzhou is not on many China tour itineraries and despite being a Chinese cultural hotpot, it is not the most foreigner friendly of cities (compared with Hangzhou and Ningbo, for example). However, there are plenty of things to do and see should you find yourself with time on your hands in Wenzhou. The city has a resident foreigner community that is below average for the city's size (100-200) although foreign businessmen often pass through.

Although Mandarin is widely spoken, the local dialect is Wenzhounese (温州话; Wēnzhōuhuà) and is regarded by Chinese nationals as one of the most difficult dialects in the country, so much so that Wenzhounese speakers were used by the Chinese resistance in World War II to communicate under the nose of the Japanese. Due to their entrepreneurial nature, Wenzhounese people founded many of the China towns around the globe (where their language is still spoken) and own the leases to many properties in Beijing and even San Francisco.

Get in

By plane

Wenzhou Airport is east of the city, receiving flights from around China, and because it also supports flights to and from Hong Kong, it is concidered international. Wenzhou Airport recently built a new terminal which is much more user friendly and less oppressive for foreigners.

You can get from the airport to the city center by taxi or bus. Taxis are the most expensive and you should bargain hard; if they do not like the price you are offering they laugh at you and start shouting Bus!. If a taxi driver offers you a ride under ¥100 it can be regarded as a good deal. Taking the bus is now much easier due to a ticket desk in the new terminal opposite the exit gate. The bus costs ¥12 and drives through New City (新城; Xīnchéng), Xialüpu (下吕浦; Xiàlǚpǔ) and finally stops at a depot on Nanpu Road (南浦路; Nánpǔlù).

By train

Wenzhou Central Train Station serves most cities throughout China, although because of Wenzhou's mountains, train journeys are sometimes much longer than their bus counterparts. The train station is at the major junction of Wenzhou Avenue (温州大道; Wēnzhōudàdào) where it meets Chezhan Avenue (车站大道; Chēzhàndàdào).

Wenzhou South Train Station (温州南站; Wēn​zhōu​nán​zhàn​) has been opened in 2009 and now serves the CRH trains that comes from Shanghai and bounded for Fuzhou. Some of the stations along the way are Hangzhou, Ningbo and Taizhou.

By bus

Wenzhou has a number of bus stations that serve a variety of locations around the country. Arrivals from Shanghai and Fuzhou will find themselves at New South Station (新南站; Xīnnánzhàn) which is near the train station on Wenzhou Avenue (温州大道; Wēnzhōudàdào), arrivals from Hangzhou and Ningbo will find themselves at New City Station (新城站; Xīnchéngzhàn) which is in New City, and arrivals from places as varied as Yiwu and Qingdao will find themselves at Shuangyu Bus Station (双屿汽车站; Shuāngyǔqìchēzhàn) which is on the west side of the city near the suburb of Huanglong.

Get around

By bus

Buses cost ¥1.5-2.5 within the city and can be very useful once you figure what number goes where. Useful buses include the 81 that goes between the old train station and the new south train station (¥2). The price is listed on the outside of the bus and on the bus stop sign. The bus stop sign also lists the stops on one side and shows a map on the other. Strangely, you will not find this in Beijing or Shanghai.

By taxi

Taxis are ¥10 for the first 4km and ¥1.5/km thereafter (after 11:30PM prices rise to ¥12 for the first 4km and ¥1.8/km thereafter). If you are outside the centre of the city, or in the centre trying to get elsewhere, you will not be able to catch a taxi between 4:30PM and 6PM. This is because of the driver shift change.

Many taxis drivers like to haggle for prices and not use the meter especially for relatively far places. So be cautious when you board one.

By ferry

Although one ferry serves the tourist island of Jiangxin, there are other ferries that serve destinations up and down the Ouhai River (欧海江; ōuhǎijiāng) such as the suburb of Oubei (瓯北; ōuběi)

Image:JiangxinIsland.jpg
View of Jiangxin Island including one of the two pagodas on the island.
  • Jiangxin Island (江心岛; Jiāngxīndǎo). An island in the middle of the Oujiang river that runs through Wenzhou. The island has an old pagoda and a new pagoda, large areas of garden and lakes, a water park and a theme park. The theme park is known for its ferris wheel which gives great views of both sides of the river and also a death-defying roller coaster. Make sure you buckle up tight.  edit
  • Taiping Temple (太平寺; Tàipíngsì), (Taxi will cost ¥15-17 or bus 5 or 51 will get you there for cheaper). Really new, but very nice temple in the West edge of Wenzhou.  edit
  • The Wet Lands (三垟湿地; Sānyángshīdì), (Can be entered from Ouhai Street (瓯海大道; ''ōuhǎidàdào'')). A group of around 136 islands with a shitton of bridges connecting them, as well as a bunch only reached by big concrete canoes. In total it is something like 13 square km. They are currently building a bunch of gazebos, gardens and new bridges and plan to officially open the garden as an attraction sometime this year.  edit
  • Snow Mountain (雪山; Xuěshān), (To the west of Wenzhou, can be reached through Huanglong's backstreets near Wenzhou No. 2 Senior Middle School). A huge area of trees and greenery. Good place to walk around a get a view of Wenzhou. The mountain overlooks the suburb of Huanglong.  edit
  • East Gate Street (东门街; Dōngménjiē), (Northeast of 5 horses, closer to the river). Another pedestrian street, less to see than 5 horses, but it is longer and has trees on it.  edit
  • Dong Tou, (Buses leave from New City Bus Station (新城汽车站; Xīnchéng Qìchēzhàn), cost about ¥20 and take 90 minutes). Group of islands off the coast. There is a bunch of "scenic spots", you have to pay for some. Once there, it is probably easiest to take a taxi to the different scenic spots, do not believe the ones that approach you when you get off the bus.  edit
  • Oubei (瓯北; ōuběi), (You can take a boat across the river from 2 different docks, both east of the one to Jiangxin island, costing ¥1.5 each way). The town on the Northern side of Ou River. Not much to see in Oubei, close to the dock there is some nice temples at the bottom and top of a hill. There is a pagoda on top of the hill as well.  edit
Image:YandangMountain.jpg
Yandang Mountain.
  • Yandang Mountain (雁荡山; Yàndàngshān), (Is probably best done together with nearby Nanxi River by renting a taxi for the whole day, should cost ¥300-500.).  edit
  • Nanxi river (楠溪江; Nánxījiāng), (Is probably best done together with nearby Yandang Mountain by renting a taxi for the whole day, should cost ¥300-500.).  edit
  • Jiushan Park (九山公园; Jiǔshāngōngyuán; lit. Nine Mountain Park), Renmin West Road (人民西路; Rénmínxīlù) (Head west from Wuma street (from the five horse end, follow the road away from Wuma Street)). 8AM-11AM, 1PM-2PM. A small but picturesque park with a lake and a brand new very high pagoda. Climb to the top for excellent views of the city, which at times can remind one of SimCity. Times refers to the pagoda.  edit
  • Double Deer Factory. If you are a foreigner, you can wander around the Double Deer Factory. There is some amazing machinery, such as the one that sticks on the labels. You will likely be thrown out after a little while, but it is well worth it. Try not to get your pictures deleted. If you are pretending to write an article about the brewery, then you should have business cards made beforehand.  edit
  • Pool Halls. There are many pool halls dotted around Wenzhou, ranging from free to ¥30/hour. If you wander past the security guards and get to the 4th floor above Times Square there is a pool hall you can use pro bono.  edit
  • Teach English. With English First, Web, Canilx, Jordan's, Mike's English, DD Dragon, Kid's Castle and many more. The latter two are not recommended. Placements in public schools and universities are also available through companies such as WITT and BCIT.  edit
  • Taxi rides. Taxis are cheap enough that you can just get driven around for an hour or so and not be out too many dough.  edit
  • Learn Chinese. As a very Chinese city it is difficult to find English speakers outside of universities, colleges and certain bars. For this reason, Wenzhou is perfect for the home learner to practice their Putonghua out on the street. Watch out for Wenzhounhua though, it sounds incredibly different from any Chinese you have ever heard before.  edit
  • Go to the Zoo. They have penguins, fornicating lions and the occasional panda. Good times.  edit

Buy

There are no token "Wenzhou" things that you need to buy, but there are many things made in Wenzhou so, if you look and bargain well, you can buy them at very cheap prices. This section is helpful if you are looking for something that would be easy to find in a western city, but you are unsure of where to find it in a Chinese one.

  • Shoes and clothing. You can get all kinds of cheap shoes and clothing near the train station, bring a Chinese person and you get better prices.  edit
  • Times Square (时代广场; Shídàiguǎngchǎng), (In the south of the city 1.5km north of the train station). Everything in there is too expensive to buy, but it has clean, shiny floors excellent for sliding on.  edit
  • InTime (银泰百货; Yintaibaihuo), (In the south of the city, near Renmin Lu). There are many boutiques selling expensive stuff. Furthermore, there is a Foodcourt at the top floor as well as an Arcade.  edit
  • Computer Market (电脑广场), East Renmin Road (人民东路) (From Kaitai on Renmin Road, walk East (away from McDonalds) for about 15 minutes. You will go over a pedestrian overpass on the way, but keep going until you find the plaza on the left side on the road. It has Basketball games machines outside.). 8am-5pm. The computer market is three floors of technology, including desktops, laptops, notebooks, external hard drives, webcams, and much, much more. For the best deals, make a Chinese friend before you go.  edit
  • Luggage Street, East Huancheng Road (环城东路) (Huancheng Road is north of Renmin Road. Take a left at the juction where Renmin Road meets Huancheng Road and where that road splits, take the left fork.). If you require suitcases or other baggage, there are many shops on the west side of this street specialising in Luggage.  edit
  • Xinhua Book City (新华书店), Gongyuan Road (公园路) (Down a busy alley off Gongyuan Road. From Wuma Street head East over the road and take the first left. The Book City is on the right.). If you are looking for foreign books, it is unfortunate that Wenzhou does not have a store for foreign language books. However you will find some classics as well as plenty of Chinese literature, dictionaries and teaching resources. The Book City also includes a music department, a stationery department and an arts department.  edit
  • Watson's (Renmin Road store), Renmin Road (Under Kaitai department store near Danan Men (大南门)bus stop). Watson's is where you can find toiletry essentials such as Shower gel (cheaper than smaller stores), sanitary towels, razors, mouthwash and even antiperspirant if you look hard enough.  edit
  • Watson's (Times Square Store), Chezhan Avenue (车站大道) (Built into Times Square department store, close to KFC). As above, but closer to Xialvpu (下吕浦).  edit
  • D&L (Beneath European City) The D&L Supermarket has a decent selection of foreign toiletries. Very pricey though.
  • Renmin Road Music Shop, 31 Renmin Road (人们路31号) (Opposite the Renmin Road entrance to Zhongshan Park (中山公园)). If you are a musician in Wenzhou and struggling to find a music shop, have no fear as there are plenty around the city. The biggest (and easiest to find) is this one on Renmin Road and stocks guitars, keyboards, drums, and plenty more.  edit
  • Bank of China Currency Exchange (中国银行), 168 Renmin Road (人民路168号) (On the corner where the Renmin West and Renmin Middle roads meet, close to Wenzhou Mansion (温州大厦) Bus Stop). Probably the most reliable place to buy currency is this large, official currency exchange. If you fancy taking a risk, you can seek a better rate with the money changers outside the bank.  edit
  • Potatoes. Many "Potato-men" stake out good spots around Wenzhou and sell you potatoes. ¥2.  edit
  • Muslim Noodles. The generic name for an extensive chain of restaurants offering bargain basement prices for solid meals from the Muslim regions of Western China including Pulled Noodles, Fried Rice, and Curries. There are at least 30 of these restaurants in the city and most have a menu on the wall which is helpful for finger-pointing foreigners. Look for the blue shop header with ‘正宗兰州拉面’ or ‘新疆牛肉拉面’. There is normally a boiling pot in the front of the restaurant and one of the staff pulling the noodles fresh to order.  edit

Mid range

One-of-a-kind restaurants

  • Lao Beijing (老北京; Lǎo Běijīng; lit. Old Beijing), North end of Wendilu (温迪路北向; Wēndílùběixiàng) (30 meters from Chezhan Street (车站大道; Chēzhàndàdào)). A great place offering some northern Chinese classics. They have an English menu as well as a Chinese menu with pictures.  edit
  • Rio, Chezhan Street (车站大道; Chēzhàndàdào) (100 meters south of Wendi Road). This fancy place is an excellent value if you get the coupons they generously give away. Free coffee are a godsend when combined with 50% off of many delicious meals. The Yu xiang rou si is excellent as well as a beef dish (look for the "牛肉" characters on the coupon).  edit
  • India Restaurant (印度餐厅; Yìndùcāntīng), Nanpu Road (南浦路; Nánpǔlù). Fine Indian cuisine, possibly a little too much oil for some palettes, but a popular choice for locals and foreigners alike.  edit
  • Arabic Restaurant (阿拉伯科餐厅; Ālābókēcāntīng), (Near Chezhan Street (车站大道; Chēzhàndàdào)). Friendly staff who speak enough English and a menu in passable English, Chinese and (dubious) Arabic. The curry dishes come highly recommended at the expense of the kebab dishes. If you are caught between yogurt and hummus, pick the yogurt every time as the hummus is heavily on the peanut side.  edit
  • Naples, Chunhui Road (春晖路; Chūnhuīlù). A long established Italian Restaurant with an English menu and at least one member of staff that speaks English for in-house and take-away phone orders. Very solid menu selection and an ambiance that defies its Chinese location.  edit
  • Delizia, Renmin West Road (人民西路; Rénmínxīlù). This Italian style coffee shop is worth a miss. High prices and a bad menu contribute to an uncomfortable experience. The coffee is passable but expensive and do not order the ambiguously named 'Sandwich' for ¥20; it is three slices of salami with mayonnaise slipped into bread rolls normally found amongst aeroplane food. On the upside, there are two rolls. Menu is in Italian and Chinese.  edit

Chinese Chains

  • Dico's. Chinese style fried chicken, with wraps that are surprisingly easy on the taste buds. There's at least one in Wenzhou to be found on Wuma Street (五马街).  edit
  • Do&Me. Another Chinese style fried chicken fast-food restaurant, many of them dot the city.  edit
  • Super Bee Pizza. The Wenzhou answer to the Western Pizza Chains, Super Bee Pizza has a wide menu although some choices are a little pricey. There are at least five of these restaurants throughout the city.  edit
  • Bread Talk. There are two Bread Talks in Wenzhou, one in the downtown area near Wuma Street (五马街) and the other is in the European City shopping district (欧洲城). Eat-in or Takeaway, this bakery has a wide variety of hot and cold drinks and has breads that come closest to matching the taste of Western bakeries, including ring doughnuts and odd-looking but good-tasting Pizza.  edit

Sushi

  • Sushi. Not the name of a specific restaurant but a note that the number of Sushi restaurants in Wenzhou has exploded. There are two on Ladies' Street (女人街) near Wuma Street (五马街) with at least one more in the downtown area, and at least two in Xialv Pu (下吕浦) including the cheapest in Wenzhou (off Wendi Lu 温迪路) starting at just 6元 a dish. A more high class sushi restaurant can be found on Wangjiang Lu (望江路) down by the river near Xicheng Lu (西城路) which has excellent noodles and sushi at slightly higher prices; at least one staff member also speaks Japanese.  edit

Western Chains

  • McDonalds. There are three of the burger giant, one on Renmin Lu (人民路) near the KAITAI superstore, one in the European City shopping district (欧洲城) and one at the Olympic Stadium next to Trust Mart.  edit
  • KFC. The most successful western fast food chain in China can be found throughout the city on Renmin Lu (人民路) Nanpu Lu (南浦路), Wuma Street (五马街), Xicheng Lu (西城路), Chezhan Dadao (车站大道) and Xiushan Lu (秀山路). Some are busier and more likely to stare at foreigners. Nanpu is the quietest and will give the least hassle, while Renmin is the biggest and busiest with large numbers of staring eyes watching any foreigners present.  edit
  • Pizza Hut. There are three Pizza Huts, one on Renmin Lu (人民路), one on Wuma Street (五马街) and another in the European City shopping district (欧洲城). Pizza Hut recently withdrew it's Pepperoni Pizza from it's Chinese restaurants and increased the price of it's stuffed crust pizza, which is a shame.  edit
  • Papa John's. The one Papa John's in Wenzhou is in the European City shopping district (欧洲城) opposite Pizza Hut.  edit

Drink

Do not miss out on the locally brewed delight, Double Deer Beer, ¥2-2.5 on the streets. Also, do not forget to look under the cap for a free beer or ¥1 refund. Known as Shuan1 Lu4 in Chinese. It also has a more expensive, premium light counterpart.

Wenzhou four four main areas for nightlife.

Xialü Waterfront

Xialü Waterfront (下吕浦; Xiàlǚpǔ) is the area where most foreigners live and some bars have sprung up around; bear in mind that it is not actually a waterfront in the traditional sense (there is no water, nor front).

  • Cowboy Bar 1 (Eric's No. 1), 66 Chunhui Road (春晖路66号; Chūnhuīlù) (Where Chunhui road and Shuanglong Road meet). The original home of the Taiwanese Cowboy, expect rowdy Chinese, migrant worker bar staff, and a wild time, especially if Eric hands you a free bottle of Tequila.  edit
  • La Luna (月亮酒吧; Yuèliang Jiǔbā), 236 Shuanglong Road (双龙路236号; Shuānglónglù) (Near the T-junction with Nanpu Road (南浦路; Nánpǔlù)). Showcases the highest percentage of foreigners in Wenzhou. If you want to chat in English or Spanish, this place is for you. Soon to relocate to larger premises. Western style toilet.  edit
  • L.V., 198 Shuanglong Road (双龙路198号) (On the same crossroads as Eric's No. 1, Stefano's and Mini Bar.), +8657788670033. Very popular Chinese bar for DJs and live music. A mug of beer will cost you 25 yuan, so not too pricey, and there's plenty of people to dance with.  edit
  • Blue Shell, 13 North Lane, Wendi Road (温迪路北巷13号; Wēndílù Běixiàng) (Off Wendi Road, below EF English School), +86 577 88695909. Recently refurbished to be more patron-friendly. From September, Blue Shell will also have a foreign female working in the bar at least once a month. Western style toilet.  edit
  • Stephanos. Italian bar in the place of New Age Lounge, great open space. Western style toilet.  edit
  • Mini-pub, Chunhui Road (春晖路; Chūnhuīlù) (Opposite Eric's No.1). Small bar with a very Chinese flavour, now has an open front. Staff and patrons known to be friendly to foreigners. Be careful if a woman hands you a snake. Why? Because it is a snake!  edit
  • Laowai D8 (老外D; Lǎowài D bā), South Pu Road (南浦路; Nánpǔlù) (Opposite Shuanglong Road (双龙路)). Sometimes happening though best avoided due to bad combination of leery African men and underage Chinese girls.  edit

Jiangbin Road (The River)

Jiangbin Road (The River) (江滨路; Jiāngbīnlù) plays host to some of the biggest clubs, bars and restaurants in town. Technically, the main strip is on Wangjiang Road (望江路), but taxi drivers regard the whole area as Jiangbin Road.

  • Bund 18 (外滩十八号; Wàitānshíbāhào), 111 Wangjiang East Road (望江东路111号; Wàngjiāngdōnglù). Currently offers free alcohol to foreigners who know the right people. Look for other foreigners once you are inside and join them. Normally kicks off around 10.  edit
  • POP (温州POP酒吧; Wēnzhōu POP Jiǔbā), 110 Wangjiang East Road (望江东路110号; Wàngjiāngdōnglù). Once the home to foreign dancers, now just a place where you can drink, dance, play dice.  edit
  • Luna Bar (露娜酒吧), 望江路. Not to be confused with La Luna in Xialvpu, this Chinese bar was recently renovated and often has live music.  edit
  • Cowboy Bar 2 (Eric's No. 2), Opposite the European City (欧洲城). Expect another helping on that found at No.1, more Chinese, more girls, and this time a broken drumkit. Oh, and free pool.  edit

Shuomen Old Street

Shuomen Old Street (朔门街; Shuòménjiē) is a hip and happening part of town set back from Jiangbin Road, off Jiefang Road (解放路). New bars open every week as well as strange little shops and board game bars.

  • Hello K.T., Shuomen Street (朔门街; Shuòménjiē) (At the far end of Shuomen Old Street). Evening until the patrons leave. A friendly bar with a barman/manager who can speak English, juggle bottles and eat fire (apparently the 2nd best barman in China, with a certificate to prove it). Upstairs is the Drunkards' Pool, a pool table so wonky you will not even need a drink to see strange things happen on it.  edit
  • Cowboy Bar 3 (Eric's No. 3), 81 Shuomen Street (朔门街81号; Shuòménjiē) (Half-way down Shuomen Street). Different from 1 & 2 in that No. 3 is a little quieter, as befits Shuomen Street. The bar area is more comfortable and a back area includes a small indoor stream. Serves Chinese food and steak.  edit
  • My Bar, Shuomen Street (朔门街; Shuòménjiē) (A quarter of the way down Shuomen Street). Dark and quiet but with a large group of friends (10+) you can take over the bar and make it your own (should be called Your Bar). The long-haired barman (his name is DaTou, big head) has an intriguing taste in music. Drink prices are really good since they always offer buy 1 get one 1 free! Always happy hour which actually makes this one of the cheapest places in town. GREAT MUSIC! There is also a movie room on the top floor with thousands of dvd's. Get some of their delicious coffee in the afternoon and watch a good movie by your choice on the 200" screen on the wall.  edit
  • 1682, 117 Shuomen Street (朔门街117号; Shuòménjiē) (Between Eric's No.3 and Hello K.T.). This bar/club is sometimes very popular for its lounge layout, a little open space for dancing, and music.  edit
  • 419 Bar, 66 Shuomen Street (朔门街66号; Shuòménjiē) (Between Eric's No.3 and Hello K.T.). Quiet tea house and bar that also plays host to a popular English Corner (Thursday nights 7PM), even if foreigners are rare in attending. If you go, you will have insta-friends.  edit

Renmin Road

Renmin Road (人民路; Rénmínlù) is the main road of Wenzhou and hosts a few massive clubs, though definitely not a place for a quiet (or cheap) drink.

  • .99, Renmin West Road (人民西路; Rénmínxīlù) (Opposite Jiushan Road (九山路)). Huge club/bar with a wooden palatial decor that boggles the mind. Prices can also boggle the mind.  edit
  • U-Party, Renmin West Road (人民西路; Rénmínxīlù) (Opposite Jiushan Road (九山路)). Large, established club with banging DJs and dancers. Not as pricey or oppressive as .99, a big group of friends could probably chip in to make the evening cost effective with a Whiskey/Ice Tea Combo.  edit

Sleep

Budget

There are no hostels in Wenzhou, but couch-surfing is a valid option with a large number of Wenzhou residents registered to welcome travelers. There are also some budget hotels around:

  • Wenzhou Xinqiao Rest Hotel (锐思特汽车连锁旅店; Ruìsītèqìchē Liánsuǒlǚdiàn), 1266 Liuhongqiao Road, Xinqia Town, Ouhai District (瓯海区新桥镇六虹桥路1266号; Ōuhǎiqū Xīnqiáozhèn Liùhóngqiáolù). Listed rates for doubles from ¥158.  edit
  • Rest Chain Motel (锐思特汽车连锁旅店 (温州西山店); Ruìsītèqì Chēliánsuǒlǚdiàn (Wēnzhōu Xīshāndiàn)), 190-198 Xishandong Road, Ouhai District (瓯海区西山东路190-198号; Ōuhǎiqū Xīshāndōnglù). The cheapest rooms are quite small. Listed rates for doubles from ¥188.  edit
  • Shunsheng Star Hotel (温州顺生之星酒店; Wēnzhōu Shùnshēngzhīxīng Jiǔdiàn), 34 Lucheng Road, Lucheng District (鹿城区鹿城路34号; Lùchéngqū Lùchénglù). Listed rates for doubles from ¥228.  edit
  • Wenzhou Ouhai Hotel (温州瓯海宾馆; Wēn zhōu Ōuhǎi Bīnguǎn), 31 Xinghai Road, Jiangjun Bridge, Ouhai District (瓯海区将军桥兴海路31号; Ōuhǎiqū Jiāngjūnqiáo Xīnghǎilù), +86 577 88538888 (fax: +86 577 88538552). Three star hotel with rooms with free internet except for the cheapest rooms. Business center, currency exchange, gift shop, beauty salon, ticket office, karaoke, table tennis and massage available. Chinese restaurant, night club, coffee shop and room service. Listed rates for doubles from ¥360, discounted from ¥168, including breakfast.  edit
  • Jiazhou Hotel (温州加州商务宾馆; Wēnzhōu Jiāzhōushāngwù Bīnguǎn), 218 Yuele West Street, Longxia Road, Ouhai District (瓯海区龙霞路月乐西街218号; Ōuhǎiqū Lóngxiálù Yuèlèxījiē), +86 577 86199999 (fax: +86 577 86196666). Three star hotel with large rooms with free internet. Meeting facilities, ticket office and massage available. No restaurant. Listed rates for doubles from ¥265, discounted from ¥188, including breakfast.  edit
  • The Rest Motel, Nanpu Road (南浦路; Nánpǔlù) (Turn left out of the bus terminal and the motel is on the other side of the road, clearly marked). Conveniently situated on the same road as the airport bus terminal as well as being close to Xialüpu, a vibrant shopping and bar area.  edit
  • Shangri-La Hotel (温州香格里拉大酒店; Wēnzhōu Xiānggélǐlā Dàjiǔdiàn), 1 Xiangyuan Road, Lucheng District (鹿城区香源路1号; Lùchéngqū Xiāngyuánlù), +86 577 89988888 (, fax: +86 577 89986650), [1]. Rooms with river and moutains with and equipped with free internet, coffee making facilities, minibar, safe and hair dryer. Business center, currency exchange, ticket office, karaoke, fitness, tennis, indoor swimming pool and massage available. Chinese and Western restaurants. Listed rates for doubles ¥1,412-2,976, breakfast ¥118 but included for more expensive rooms.  edit
  • Ex Palm D'or Hotel, 86-577-88022222, [2]. Boasting luxurious fixtures from top Italian brands like Bvlgari and Chopard, your Zhejiang hotel accommodation in Wenzhou, redefine luxury the European way. Ex Palm D’or Hotel offers 110 elegant rooms, which are good for two guests, all have a private shower, satellite TV, mini-bar, IDD phone, and free Internet access. A hair dyer, safe, iron with board, electric kettle, and sofa are also provided. This five-star European-style hotel is 35 minutes from the Wenzhou Yongqiao Airport and 15 minutes away from the railway and coach stations. No. 23 Minhang Road, Lucheng District, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 325000. Rates start at CNY 660.00.  edit
  • Olympic Hotel (奥林匹克大酒店; Àolínpǐkè Dàjiǔdiàn), 8 Minhang Road (民航路8号; Mínhánglù), +86 577 88379999 (), [3]. checkin: Before 6PM; checkout: noon. Four star hotel with health club, restaurant and conference facilities. Ranges from yen;608 for a basic room, up to ¥2,680 for the top-end suites.  edit
  • Dynasty Hotel (王朝大酒店; Wángcháo Dàjiǔdiàn), 2 Minhang Road (民航路2号; Mínhánglù). checkin: 2PM; checkout: Noon. Extensive conferencing facilities, but not highly regraded rooms.  edit
  • Linhai — in the Taizhou prefecture, north of Wenzhou, Linhai has the Southern Great Wall of China. There is also an East Lake (东湖), and long old streets. Really nice place. Buses leave the City Bus Station (新城长途车站) every 30 minutes or so, take 1:45 hours and cost ¥66.
  • Hangzhou — buses take about 4-4.5 hours, leave from New City Bus Station, and cost ¥150. They leave really frequently first thing in the morning, and then every 30 minutes or so afterward.
  • Shanghai — can get there by train, bus or plane. Train costs ¥90 for a seat, ¥175 for a hard-sleeper and takes about 10 hours. In 2009, the CRH Train service has officially entered Wenzhou at their newly opened South Railway Station (温州南站). The tickets are ¥180-220 and it takes slightly over 4 hours. The bus costs ¥200 and takes about 6 hours. It is notable that the bus route between Wenzhou and Shanghai will take you across the longest sea bridge in the world. The plane takes no time and can be as little as ¥200 if you leave very early.

Stay Safe

Wenzhou is not a dangerous city for foreigners, especially foreigners that are careful.

  • Taxis — it is not unknown for women to be harassed while in a taxi on their own. If you are catching a taxi on your own at night it may be best to sit in the back of the taxi, out of reach of grabby hands. Do not flash too much cash around late at night, as robbery has been known by taxi drivers who pick up accomplices. However, this is rare, and many taxi drivers are well intentioned and friendly.
  • Fights — if a fight breaks out between Chinese people, do not get involved. If a Chinese person gets aggressive with you or a friend, leave discreetly as soon as you can and catch a taxi to another part of town.
  • The streets at night — the streets of Wenzhou are normally safe, and because there are always eyes on foreigners, someone will always see anything that happens. This said, there are certain no-go areas of the city where poverty and demographic abnormality (excess men) can lead to high aggression levels.
  • Beggars — here are a number of beggars throughout the city especially around Wuma Street and Renmin Road. The beggars are run by gangs that maintain the beggars (with food and shelter) while taking the money that is collected by the often disabled/disfigured panhandlers. Don't stand and watch a begging 'performer' because you WILL be harassed for money; being foreign is reason enough to harass you.
  • Prostitution — prostitution is illegal in China but is widely tolerated. Brothels or 'Pink Houses' (because of the pink lights) riddle the city and many foreigners are known to use them. Brothels are far from safe, not just because of STIs, but also because of under-age prostitutes, robbery and police raids. Police in Wenzhou have been known to raid brothels while a foreigner is inside, the consequences of which can be far reaching; your visa could be revoked resulting in deportation.
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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Statue of Five Horses in Wenzhou, China]] Wenzhou (温州) is an important city in the Zhejiang province of the People's Republic of China. It has two satellite cities and six counties. In 2007, it had 7,645,700 living in it. It is in a very mountainous place. Because of that, it had been separated for a long time from the rest of the country. This made its culture and language very different from other areas.

Wenzhou was a prosperous foreign treaty port, which remains well-preserved today. It is situated in a very mountainous region and, as a result, has been isolated for most of its history from the rest of the country, making the local culture and language very different from those of neighbouring areas. Many of its people move to other countries like Europe and America. It is also famous for its oranges and bamboo.

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