From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Werewolf fiction denotes the portrayal of werewolves and other shapeshifting man-beasts, in the media of literature, drama, film, games, and music. Werewolf literature includes folklore, legend, saga, fairy tales, Gothic and Horror fiction, fantasy fiction and poetry. Such stories may be supernatural, symbolic or allegorical. A classic cinematic example of the theme is The Wolf Man (1941) in which Lon Chaney Jr. transforms into a werewolf at the full moon, and in later films joins with Frankenstein and Dracula, as one of the three famous horror icons of the modern day. However, werewolf fiction is an exceptionally diverse genre with ancient folkloric roots and manifold modern re-interpretations.
- For more on werewolves in ancient myth, legend and folklore see Werewolf
In medieval romances, such as Bisclavret, and Guillaume de Palerme the werewolf is relatively benign, appearing as the victim of evil magic and aiding knights errant.
However, in most folk tales, (influenced by medieval theology) the werewolf was demonic, part of Satan's army of darkness, inimical to the human race and having a craving for human flesh. This appears in such later fiction as "The White Wolf of the Hartz Mountains": an episode in the novel The Phantom Ship (1839) by Marryat, featuring a demonic femme fatale who transforms from woman to wolf. .
Sexual themes are common in werewolf fiction; the protagonist kills his girlfriend as she walks with a former lover in Werewolf of London, suggesting sexual jealousy. The writers of Wolf Man were careful in depicting killings as motivated out of hunger.
In the fairy tale Little Red Riding Hood, the figure of the werewolf is more ambiguous and subject to an allegorical or Freudian interpretation. These tales are the inspiration behind modern fiction such as The Company of Wolves (1979) by Angela Carter (filmed as The Company of Wolves (1984)) and the film Ginger Snaps (2000) which address female sexuality.
Nineteenth century Gothic horror stories drew on previous folklore and legend to present the theme of the werewolf in a new fictional form. An early example is Hugues, the Wer-Wolf by Sutherland Menzies published in 1838. In another, Wagner the Wehr-Wolf (1847) by G. W. M. Reynolds, we find the classic subject of a man cursed to be transformed into a werewolf at the time of the full moon: representing the split personality and evil, bloodthirsty, dark side of humanity itself. Other werewolf stories of this period include The Wolf-Leader (1857) by Alexandre Dumas and Hugues-le-Loup (1869) by Erckmann-Chatrian.
A later Gothic story, Robert Lewis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886), has an implicit werewolf subtext, according to Colin Wilson. This has been made explicit in some recent adaptations of this story, such as the BBC TV series Jekyll (2007). Stevenson's Olalla (1887) offers an explicit werewolf theme, but, like Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, this aspect remains subordinate to the story's larger themes.
A rapacious female werewolf who appears in the guise of a seductive femme-fatale before transforming into lupine form to devour her hapless male victims is the protagonist of Clemence Houseman's acclaimed The Were-wolf published in 1896.
The twentieth century saw an explosion of werewolf short stories and novels published in both England and America. The famed English supernatural story writer Algernon Blackwood wrote a number of werewolf short stories. These often had an occult aspect to them. American pulp magazines of the 1920 to 1950s, such as Weird Tales, include many werewolf tales, written by such authors as H. Warner Munn, Seabury Quinn, and Manly Wade Wellman. The most renowned werewolf novel of the twentieth century was The Werewolf of Paris (1933) by American author Guy Endore. This has been accorded classic status and is considered by some to be the Dracula of werewolf literature. It was adapted as The Curse of the Werewolf in 1961 for Hammer Film Productions.
The first feature film to use an anthropomorphic werewolf was Werewolf of London in 1935 (not to be confused with the 1981 film of a similar title) establishing the canon that the werewolf always kills what he loves most. The main werewolf of this film was a dapper London scientist who retained some of his style and most of his human features after his transformation.
However, he lacked warmth, and it was left to the tragic character Larry Talbot played by Lon Chaney Jr. in 1941's The Wolf Man to capture the public imagination. This catapulted the werewolf into public consciousness. The theme of lycanthropy as a disease or curse reached its standard treatment in the film, which contained the now-famous rhyme:
Even a man who is pure in heart
And says his prayers by night
May become a wolf
When the wolfbane blooms
And the autumn moon is bright.
This movie draws on elements of traditional folklore and fiction, such as the vulnerability of the werewolf to a silver bullet (as seen for instance in the legend of Beast of Gevaudan), though at the climax of the film the Wolf Man is actually dispatched with a silver-headed cane.
The process of transmogrification is portrayed in such films and works of literature to be painful. The resulting wolf is typically cunning but merciless, and prone to killing and eating people without compunction, regardless of the moral character of the person when human.
Lon Chaney Jr himself became somewhat typecast as the Wolfman and reprised his role in several sequels for Universal Studios. In these films the werewolf lore of the first film was clarified. In Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943) it is firmly established that the Wolf Man is revived at every full moon. In House of Frankenstein (1944) silver bullets are used for the first time to dispatch him. Further sequels were the House of Dracula (1945) and the parodic Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948).
The success of Universal's The Wolf Man prompted rival Hollywood film companies Columbia Studios and Fox Studios to bring out their own, now somewhat obscure, werewolf movies. The first of these was The Undying Monster produced by Fox in 1942, adapted from a werewolf novel of the same name by Jessie Douglas Kerruish, published in 1936.
In 1981, two prominent werewolf films, The Howling and An American Werewolf in London, both drew on themes from the Universal series.
More recently, the portrayal of werewolves has taken a more sympathetic turn in some circles. With the rise of environmentalism and other back-to-nature ideals, the werewolf has come to be seen as a representation of humanity allied more closely with nature. A prime example of this outlook can be seen in the role-playing game Werewolf: The Apocalypse (1992) from White Wolf Publishing in which players roleplay werewolf characters who work on behalf of Gaia against the destructive supernatural spirit called the Wyrm, who represents the forces of destructive industrialization and pollution. White Wolf's reimagined Werewolf: The Forsaken (2005) depicts werewolves as a sort of border guard between the Material World and the Spirit World. Author Whitley Strieber previously explored these themes in his novels The Wolfen (1978), in which werewolves are shown to act as predators of humanity, acting as a "natural" control on their population now that it has been removed from the traditional limits of nature, and The Wild (1991), in which the werewolf is portrayed as a medium through which to bring human intelligence and spirit back into nature. The heroic werewolf has also returned via the paranormal romance genre, where wolf-like characteristics such as loyalty are shown as positive traits in a prospective mate.
Werewolves have featured a number of times in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who and its other media tie-ins. The first time a werewolf appeared in the television series was in the Seventh Doctor serial The Greatest Show in the Galaxy (1988). A wolf-man appears in the 1986 Sixth Doctor story Mindwarp, and the primords in the 1970 Third Doctor story Inferno are also lupine in appearance, but in both cases these are induced mutations rather than people who switched between human and wolf forms). They also appeared in an episode with the Tenth doctor called "Tooth and Claw".
In the Harry Potter series (1997–2007) the most prominent werewolf is Remus Lupin who's portrayed as struggling with his curse and terrified of infecting someone. The series also includes a werewolf villain Fenrir Greyback, who fits more with the older image of werewolves. The Potter books, while showing the intense threat the humans transformed to bloodthirsty monsters pose to the population, essentially use werewolves as a metaphor for marginalised groups who have been discriminated against in modern society.
A very popular modern subgenre consists of stories that treat werewolves as separate race or species (either science fictional or magical) or as persons using magic in order to deliberately transform into wolves at will. Such current-day werewolf fiction almost exclusively involves lycanthropy being either a hereditary condition or being transmitted like a disease by the bite of another werewolf. The form a werewolf takes is not always an ordinary wolf, but is often anthropomorphic or may be otherwise larger and more powerful than an ordinary wolf. Sometimes the beast form of the werewolf will have some physical characteristics borrowed from an animal species other than the wolf, as can be seen in the boar-like werewolf of Wild Country (2006). Many modern werewolves are also supposedly immune to damage caused by ordinary weapons, being vulnerable only to silver objects (usually a bullet or blade). This negative reaction to silver is sometimes so strong that the mere touch of the metal on a werewolf's skin will cause burns.
Despite the recent upsurge in the motif of heroic werewolves, unsympathetic portrayals of werewolves as monsters also continue to be common in popular culture. This is especially true in movies, which are only slowly incorporating trends in written fiction. There are very few werewolf movies outside the horror genre.
In the movie War Wolves, recently shown on the Sci-Fi channel, lycanthropy doesn't have an influence on the "victims'" alignment. Instead, it is up to the individual to choose whether to use their abilities for good or evil. Both the heroes and villains in the movie are werewolves from the same military unit.
This section includes novels and short stories.
- The Satyricon by Petronius (approx. 61 AD).
- "Bisclavret" from Lais by Marie de France (approx. 1175).
- Guillaume de Palerme (approx. 1200).
- Single line reference, Thomas Malory, Le Morte d'Arthur translated Death of Arthur (1469–1470), "Sir Marrok the good knyghte that was betrayed with his wyf for she made hym seven yere a werwolf."
- The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter by George Boren (1590).
- "Hughes the Wer-Wolf: A Kentish Legend of the Middle Ages" by Sutherland Menzies (1838).
- "The White Wolf of the Hartz Mountains": an episode from The Phantom Ship by Frederick Marryat (1839) featuring a female werewolf who inhabits the Harz Mountains in Germany.
- Wagner the Wehr-Wolf by G. W. M. Reynolds (1848).
- The Wolf-Leader (Fr: Le Meneur de loups), Alexandre Dumas, père (1857)
- "The Man-Wolf" (Fr: "Hugues-le-loup") by Erckmann-Chatrian (1859): set in the Black Forest of Germany this story features a noble house afflicted by an ancestral lycanthropic curse.
- "The White Wolf of Kostopchin" by Sir Gilbert Campbell (1889).
- "A Pastoral Horror" by Arthur Conan Doyle (1890).
- "The Mark of the Beast" by Rudyard Kipling (1891).
- "The Eyes of the Panther" by Ambrose Bierce (1891).
- The Were-Wolf by Clemence Housman (1896).
- "The Werwolves" (sic) by H. Beaugrand (1898).
- The Camp of the Dog by Algernon Blackwood (1908).
- "Gabriel-Ernest" and "The She-Wolf" by Saki (H. H. Munro) (1910).
- The Door of the Unreal by Gerald Biss (1919).
- "Running Wolf" by Algernon Blackwood (1921): set in the Canadian wilderness and featuring a spectral native American werewolf.
- "The Phantom Farmhouse" by Seabury Quinn (1923).
- The Werewolf of Ponkert by H. Warner Munn (1925, collected 1958).
- "Wolfshead" by Robert E. Howard, a novelette first published in Weird Tales in April 1926.
- Sudenmorsian by Aino Kallas (1928), a Finnish werewolf tale translated into English as The Wolf's Bride by Alex Matson, 1930. Adapted as an opera by Tauno Pylkkänen.
- "The Wolf of St. Bonnot" by Seabury Quinn (1930).
- "Tarnhelm" by Hugh Walpole (1933).
- The Werewolf of Paris by Guy Endore (1933).
- "Death of a Poacher" by H. Russell Wakefield (1935).
- The Undying Monster by Jessie Douglas Kerruish (1936).
- Grey Shapes by Jack Mann (Evelyn Charles Vivian) (1937).
- "The Hairy Ones Shall Dance" by Manly Wade Wellman (1938).
- Darker Than You Think, a werewolf classic by Jack Williamson (1940, expanded 1948).
- The White Wolf by Franklin Gregory (1941).
- The Compleat Werewolf by Anthony Boucher (1942).
- "The Kill" by Peter Fleming (1942).
- "There Shall Be No Darkness" by James Blish (1950).
- "The Hunt" by Joseph Payne Brennan (1958).
- Invaders from the Dark by Greye La Spina (1960).
- Three Hearts and Three Lions by Poul Anderson (1961): an alternate history fantasy wherein a modern day engineer is translated to a universe where the Matter of France is history. It includes an episode in which the hero must deduce which of four people in a family is the werewolf that plagued the area.
- Operation Chaos by Poul Anderson (1971) and its sequel, Operation Luna, are first-person narration by the werewolf hero in a fantasy alternate history United States where magic and technology combine. Werewolfery is not only hereditary, but a recessive gene, and the polarized component of moonlight has been isolated, so that the hero can use a Were-flash to transform without the full moon.
- "Reflections for the Winter of My Soul" by Karl Edward Wagner (1973)
- "The Hero as Werwolf" by Gene Wolfe (1975).
- The Howling (1977) by Gary Brandner and its sequels.
- The Wolfen by Whitley Strieber (1978) portrays werewolves as predators of humanity, acting as a "natural" control on their population now that it has been removed from the traditional limits of nature. The concept was reused, with some changes, as a historic practice long since abandoned in the now classic White Wolf tabletop RPG, Werewolf: The Apocalypse.
- The Nightwalker by Thomas Tessier, (1979) features a deranged Vietnam Vet resident in London who transforms into a werewolf.
- "The Company of Wolves", "The Werewolf" and "Wolf-Alice" collected in the book The Bloody Chamber (1979) by Angela Carter are modern takes on the story of Little Red Riding Hood in which the wolf is actually a werewolf. These stories inspired the film The Company of Wolves (1984).
- Tales of the Werewolf Clan, Volume 1, In the Tomb of the Bishop by H. Warner Munn (1979)
- Tales of the Werewolf Clan, Volume 2, The Master Goes Home (1980)
- "The Book of the Beast" trilogy: The Orphan (1980), The Captive (1981), The Beast by Robert Stallman (1982).
- The Beast Within (1981) by Edward Levy.
- Blood Fever (1982) by Kit Reed.
- The Discworld (1983–) series by Terry Pratchett features a number of werewolves in supporting roles, most notably Angua of the Ankh-Morpork Night Watch. These werewolves can be both born and infected by a bite.
- The Talisman, (1983) co-written by Stephen King and Peter Straub, features werewolves, known simply as Wolfs, who inhabit the far western parts of a world parallel to America called the Territories and serve as royal herdsman or bodyguards.
- The Godforsaken by Chelsea Quinn Yarbro (1983).
- The Wolf's Hour by Robert R. McCammon (1984).
- Cycle of the Werewolf an illustrated novel by Stephen King (1985).
- The Dark Cry of the Moon by Charles L. Grant (1986).
- Werewolves by Jane Yolen, ed. (1988).
- Wolf Moon by Charles de Lint (1988).
- Howling Mad (1989) by Peter David features a wolf who has been bitten by a werewolf, becoming a "werehuman" as a result, providing a unique perspective on human civilization.
- Moon Dance (1989) by S.P. Somtow follows the immigration of a motley group of European werewolves to colonial America, where they confront disturbed human characters as well as Native American werewolves.
- The Werewolves of London by Brian Stableford (1990).
- Silverwolf by Roger Emerson (July 1990) Banned Books Publishings (gay erotica).
- The Ultimate Werewolf by Harlan Ellison, ed. (Dell, 1991).
- The Wild (1991) by Whitley Strieber portrays the werewolf as a medium through which to bring human intelligence and spirit back into nature.
- Animals (1992) by John Skipp & Craig Spector.
- Wilding (1992) by Melanie Tem.
- The Werewolf's Kiss (1992) by Cheri Scotch.
- The Werewolf's Touch (1993) by Cheri Scotch.
- The Werewolf's Sin (1994) by Cheri Scotch.
- Blood Trail by Tanya Huff (1992). Volume 2 in Huff's vampire series, this instalment deals with a werewolf clan.
- Wild Blood by Nancy A. Collins (1993).
- The Anita Blake: Vampire Hunter series (1993 onwards) by Laurell K. Hamilton features a number of werewolf characters and explores the concept of werewolf packs. Lycanthropy is a disease, and a major character has contracted it from a faulty vaccine against it.
- Vampire World 1: Blood Brothers by Brian Lumley (1992). First part of the Necroscope series features the Wamphyri werewolf Canker Canison. Followed by:
- Vampire World 2: The Last Aerie (1993);
- Vampire World 3: Bloodwars (1994);
- Necroscope: The Lost Years Volume 1 (1995);
- Necroscope: The Lost Years Volume 2 (1996).
- Thor by Wayne Smith. Publisher: Fawcett (August 29, 1994). German Shepherd protects his family from a relative who was infected by a werewolf. Basis for the movie Bad Moon.
- The Magic and the Healing by Nick O'Donohoe (1994)
- Women Who Run with the Werewolves by Pam Keesey (1995)
- Nadya – The Wolf Chronicles by Pat Murphy (1996) A race of European werewolves immigrate to the United States in the nineteenth century.
- The Werewolf Chronicles by Rodman Philbrick & Lynn Harnett (1996).
- Return of The Wolfman by Jeff Rovin (1998).
- The Silver Wolf (1998) by Alice Borchardt follows the lives of several werewolves in ancient Rome and Ireland. Followed by:
- Low Red Moon by Caitlín R. Kiernan (2003) contains multiple allusions to lycanthropy though no actual werewolves appear in the story. Other works by Kiernan containing werewolves or mentions of werewolves include "The Black Alphabet", "The Road of Pins", "Stoker's Mistress", and "Untitled 4".
- The Essential Guide to Werewolf Literature by Brian Frost (2003)
- World of the Lupi series by Eileen Wilks (2003-)
- The Crimson City series by Liz Maverick, Marjorie Liu, Patti O'Shea, and Carolyn Jewel (2005–).
- Kitty and the Midnight Hour by Carrie Vaughn features werewolf radio show host Kitty Norville (2005). Followed by: Kitty Goes to Washington (2006), Kitty Takes a Holiday (2007), Kitty and the Silver Bullet (2008), Kitty and the Dead Man's Hand (2009), and Kitty Raises Hell (2009)
- Maximum Ride series by James Patterson features genetically engineered werewolves called "Erasers" as antagonists (2005–6).
- The Demonata series by Darren Shan (2005–6).
- River by Skyla Dawn Cameron provides a different approach to werewolves, revolving around wolves who have been changed into humans (2006).
- Benighted by Kit Whitfield (2006).
- Frostbite by David Wellington, first published online serially, then in book format.
- Moon Called by Patricia Briggs (2006). Told from the viewpoint of a coyote skinwalker who was raised by a werewolf pack. Followed by:
- Blood Bound (2007), Iron Kissed (2008) and Bone Crossed.
- Club Dead introduces the werewolf character of Alcide Herveaux.
- Ravenous by Ray Garton (2008) explores lycanthropy passed on as a sexually transmitted disease.
- Peter and the Wolf by Jez Rix (2009) introducing the idea of a variety of forms of werewolf vying for supremacy.
- Bestial by Ray Garton (2009).
- Snarl by Lorne Dixon (2009).
- Lucifera's Pet by M.T. Murphy (2010) features a vampire and werewolf as antiheroes.
- The Wereling: Wounded
- The Wereling: Prey
- The Wereling: Resurrection
- Lonely Werewolf Girl (2007) by Martin Millar
- "Into the Mouth of the Wolf" (2008) by Joshua Dagon, an unusual view of the werewolf theme
- Shiver (2009) by Maggie Stiefvater
- Dark Guardian (2009) by Rachel Hawthorne
- Flirtatious newspaper editor Ginei Morioka of the comedy/fantasy series Rosario + Vampire is a werewolf, although he spends most of his time in human form. Since the series takes place in a high school for supernatural and mythical creatures, he is quite open about his lycanthropy and does not consider it a problem. He is one of the strongest creatures at the school, even when the moon is waxing.
- Hyper Police bounty hunters Batanen and Tommy(Tomy) Fujioka are werewolves and cousins in this series.
- In Crescent Moon, the character Akira Yamabuki is a happy-go-lucky werewolf who is also an excellent chef. Unlike the usual werewolves of modern lore, his transformational state is not induced by a full moon. He himself can choose when to induce the transformation.
- Lycanthropes are frequently featured in Fred Perry's Manga Gold Digger. They vary in species, from were-wolves to were-cheetahs. As well as basic animal and human forms, they can also change at will to a third 'hybrid' form, in which they retain their animal colouring and strength, but also basic human shape.
- Jean Jacquemonde from Spriggan has lycanthrope roots in his DNA. His estranged father, Rick Bordeau, is the carrier of the lycanthrope gene in his family. Later on, Jean's DNA is acquired by Trident as part of their biological weapons program.
- The Captain, a member of the Millennium organization in Kouta Hirano's manga Hellsing is a natural werewolf, possibly the last of his kind; and, ironically, a member of the German Werwolf.
- The criminal Megil the Pharmacist uses a lycanthropazine drug to transform himself into a werewolf in the Battle Angel Alita manga.
- Sirius, from Ookami ga Kuru is a werewolf, who works for a company called K.U.R.S.C.H.E.
- Wolf Guy - Ookami no Monshou written by Tabata Yoshiaki is centered around a werewolf named Akira who becomes involved with a school-teacher at his recently transferred to school.
- In the anime and manga Dragonball the competitor fighting against Master Roshi in the 22nd Budokai Tekaichi is a werewolf.
- In Negima, Kotaro is a half werewolf
- The Werewolf (1913), featured a Native American werewolf. It is based on the 1898 story by H. Beaugrand (see above).
- Le Loup-Garou (1923), a French silent film.
- Wolf Blood (1925)
- Le Loup Garou aka Werewolf (1932), an obscure probably lost movie from German director Friedrich Feher based on the novel "Der Schwarze Mann" by Alfred Machard. Apparently the first "talkie" to feature a werewolf.
- Werewolf of London (1935), first film to feature bipedal anthropomorphic werewolves
- The Wolf Man (1941), the Universal classic starring Lon Chaney, Jr. in the title role. Lon Chaney reappeared as the Wolf Man in several sequels, where he teamed up with the other major horror icons of the period:
- "Hombre Lobo," by Eels
- "Werewolves of London," by Warren Zevon
- "Monster Mash," by Bobby Pickett
- "I Was a Teenage Werewolf," by The Cramps
- "Zomby Woof," by Mothers of Invention
- "Wolf," by Iced Earth
- "Wolfshade," from the album Wolfheart by Moonspell
- "Full Moon Madness," from the album Irreligious by Moonspell
- "Bark at the Moon," by Ozzy Osbourne
- "In the Year of the Wolf," by Motörhead
- "Lycanthropy," by Six Feet Under
- "Lycanthrope," by +44
- "She-Wolf," by Megadeth
- "Of Wolf and Man," by Metallica
- "Killer Wolf," by Danzig
- "Lobo Hombre en París" La Unión
- "Wolf Moon (Including Zoanthropic Paranoia)," by Type O Negative
- House of God, a concept album by King Diamond
- "Werewolf Hat" by Space Mandino
- "In Rapture By The Fenrir Moon," by Grand Belial's Key
- Nattens Madrigal, a concept album by Ulver
- "Wolf Like Me," by TV on the Radio
- "Still of the Night" By Whitesnake
- "Midnight Dreams" By Solitude Aeturnus
- "FullMoon" by Sonata Arctica
- "Werewolf" by Cat Power, originally by Michael Hurley and also covered by The Dransfields.
- "American Werewolves in London" by Wednesday 13
- "The Wolf Is Loose" by progressive metal band Mastodon is a song considered to be about a werewolf.
- The Album Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat. by Slipknot has many references to lycanthropy (and to the RPG Werewolf: The Apocalypse)
- "The Wolfman Stole My Baby" by The Frankenstein Drag Queens from Planet 13
- "The Blackest Incarnation" by The Black Dahlia Murder
- "We'rewolf" by Every Time I Die
- "Lycanthropy" by Fear Before
- "Lycanthropy" by Patrick Wolf
- "She Wolf/Loba" by Shakira
- "Alive" by Kid Cudi
- "You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth" by Meat Loaf
- "I'm a Werewolf, Baby" by The Tragically Hip
- "Werewolf" by Five Man Electrical Band
- In the first half of Michael Jackson's famous music video for his song "Thriller" he transforms into something that is often thought to be a werewolf, but is really a werecat, according to director John Landis.
- The music video for "Dance in My Blood" by the furry-themed band Men, Women & Children has a werewolf dancing on the surface of the sun amid mermaids, Indians and other costumed characters. The werewolf is dressed in clothing that is nearly identical to that worn by the lead singer, with black gloves and a suit without the jacket.
- Clor's music video for "Good Stuff" has a dance-off between a naked man and a werewolf.
- Rammstein's 1998 version (opposed to that of 1995) of the music video for "Du Riechst so gut", in which the band members are portrayed as a pack of werewolves in a medieval setting. They are shown hunting and eventually cornering a woman, in which they suddenly take their animal form and attack.
- The video "It's a Wonderful Night" from Fat Boy Slim shows the lead singer changing into a werewolf and then killing people, flirting with woman and getting drunk in a Broadway style.
- The video for "We'rewolf" by Every Time I Die features the band turning into werewolves and partying it up.
TV movies and mini-series
- Dark Shadows (1968)
- Groovie Goolies (1970)
- The Hilarious House of Frightenstein (1971) Billy Van portrayed amongst his many characters the Wolfman, a rock and roll-loving disc jockey for Castle Frightenstein's EECH radio station. He was based on the character Wolfman Jack and loved to dance against a psychedelic background in silhouette.
- Monster Squad (1976)
- Fangface (1978)
- The Drak Pack (1980)
- Teen Wolf (1986), animated show based on the film
- Werewolf (1987)
- Gravedale High (1990)
- She-Wolf of London (1990–1991), called Love and Curses for the last six episodes
- Monster Force (1994), features a wolfman as one of protagonists fighting against the evil Creatures of the Night, as well as an evil werewolf fighting alongside the Creatures.
- Charmed (1998–2006) featured a race of evil beings known as the Wendigo. Described by characters as being similar to the werewolf myth, the creature appears as a normal human during the day, but at night is able to transform into a hairy animal-human hybrid which survives on human hearts, striking during the three phases of the full moon. According to the in-series mythology, the first Wendigo was a mortal who, betrayed by his lover, cut out her heart and ate it. As soon as he did, his own heart turned to ice and subsequently became this monster. In the series' first season, the protagonist Piper Halliwell was scratched by a Wendigo, becoming infected and then transforming into the creature herself. By killing the Wendigo who infected Piper, her sisters were able to save her from remaining as the monster indefinitely.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003) features a likable young werewolf, Daniel "Oz" Osbourne, who often assisted Buffy in fighting evil while in human form, and had himself locked in a cage during the full moon. During one of Oz's wolf phases, which takes place the night before, during and the night after the full moon, he copulated with a werewolf female. This werewolf was Veruca, a lead singer in a band called "Shy". Veruca was able to retain the memories of her experiences during her transformation and tried to convince Oz to embrace his werewolf persona rather than contain it. Veruca sought out Willow, intending to kill her, and would have if not for Oz, who (as a werewolf) fought and killed Veruca. Oz later returned with the power to resist the werewolf transformation, except under extreme emotional stress. The spin-off, Angel, established that there are other breeds of werewolves, similar to dogs.
- Wilderness (1996)
- Darkstalkers (1997), features the werewolf character Jon Talbain.
- Big Wolf on Campus (1999) is a TV series about a teenager called Thomas "Tommy" P. Dawkins who was bitten during a camping trip by a werewolf. After subsequently turning into a werewolf himself, he regularly fights against an array of enemies in order to keep his neighborhood safe.
- Wolf Lake (2001) is a TV series about a town mostly inhabited by wolves who have taken human form.
- Wolf's Rain is an anime that features wolves who can assume human form (or appear to do so) as the main heroes.
- Magipoka is an anime that features Liru, a female werewolf who is one of the four protagonists in a series also involving a witch, a vampire, and an updated version of Frankenstein's monster.
- Ben 10 (2005) – In "Benwolf", an evil werewolf-like alien known as a Loboan attacks Ben. During his attack, instead of getting bitten, Ben's Omnitrix get scratched, causing him to turn into a Loboan himself. This form is known as BenWolf.
- Supernatural features a wide array of supernatural beings, including werewolves. The plot of the episode "Heart" (2.17) centers around a werewolf.
- Being Human (2008)
- Kamen Rider Kiva (2008) features Garulu, the last of a werewolf-like race called the Wolfen, who assumes a human form named Jiro.
- Demons (2009) ITV fantasy series, the werewolves are referred to as Lazy Boys and all seem to wear hooded jackets.
- Sanctuary (2007-???) – The character of Henry Foss is a werewolf.
- True Blood (2008–present) – The character Alcide Herveaux is a werewolf; he debuts in Season 3.
- In Ninja Gaiden 2, the Greater Fiend Volf and his underlings are werewolves.
- L. Lee Cerny and Bradley K. McDevitt, Night Life (Stellar Games, 1990) has three editions to date, a few supplements.
- Mark Rein-Hagen, Werewolf: The Apocalypse (White Wolf, Inc., 1992) has two editions, innumerable supplements, and a short story collection (When Will You Rage?, edited by Stewart Wieck). Players roleplay various werewolf characters who work on behalf of Gaia against the destructive supernatural spirit named Wyrm, who represents the forces of destructive industrialization and pollution. Werewolves are born out of a union of werewolf and either human or wolf. They can change between 5 different shapes that range from human over monstrous-anthropomorphic states to lupine. In lupine shape they can be accepted by a wolf pack.
- In Operation Darkness, two characters can transform into a werewolves.
- Werewolf: The Forsaken is a new werewolf game created by White Wolf Studios as a successor to Werewolf: The Apocalypse. Some concepts are similar, but the plot is much different. Although the werewolves played by the players are still (usually) the heroes, they no longer face the encroach of the Wyrm and now act more as secret defenders of the mortal world from encroaching spirits, and are often besieged by entirely different werewolf tribes called The Pure.
- Mike Tinney and Stewart Wieck, Rage (White Wolf, Inc., 1995). The card game inspired a couple of novels from White Wolf: Breathe Deeply by Don Bassingthwaite and The Silver Crown by Bill Bridges. Rage was based upon the tabletop RPG Werewolf: The Apocalypse.
- 1995 Sierra On-Line game The Beast Within: A Gabriel Knight Mystery is an adventure game which has the lead character, Gabriel Knight, investigating murders around Munich, Germany that are purported to be the work of a werewolf.
- Werewolf: The Last Warrior (1990) by Data East was a side-scrolling NES game in which the main character is a werewolf with blades for arms.
- Castlevania: Legacy of Darkness for the Nintendo 64 game system featured the werewolves Cornell and Ortega as central characters in 1999.
- Killer Instinct, a Rare arcade fighting game, features a werewolf called Sabrewulf.
- Darkstalkers features a werewolf called Jon Talbain (also known as Gallon).
- The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall allows the player to become a werewolf or wereboar. Lycanthropy was initially absent from Daggerfall's sequel, Morrowind, but was a central plot point of Morrowind's second expansion pack, Bloodmoon.
- Discworld Noir features a protagonist who becomes a werewolf partway through the game.
- In The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, Link transforms into a wolf in some parts of the game, when he enters the mysterious Twilight Realm. The transformation is involuntary, but unlike true lycanthropy, he retains his will and intellectual capacity. Halfway through the game the player gains the option to change Link into his wolf form and back again at will.
- In the upcoming Nintendo DS game, Tales of the Tempest, a werewolf race, the Lycanth, named after the word "Lycanthropy" are apparently persecuted by a powerful theocracy.
- Golden Sun: The Lost Age for the Game Boy Advance features a village of werewolves who are able to channel Wind Psynergy (Jupiter). The village is called Garoh. Also, across the world map are many enemies who resemble werewolves.
- Yugo Ogami, one of the playable characters in the Bloody Roar fighting series is a werewolf. In fact, the entire cast of fighters have various beast forms.
- Ogre Battle: March of the Black Queen uses the concept of the werewolf as an interest fighting unit, whose power increases dramatically during a 'night phase'.
- One of the main characters, Kevin is an unfortunate half-werewolf in Seiken Densetsu 3.
- In the Xbox and personal computer game Fable, a Balverine is like a werewolf, with a weakness towards silver and turning others by bites.
- In the popular MMORPG MapleStory, there's a monster called Lycanthrope in a snowy map which resembles a werewolf that walks on two feet like a human. Once attacked, the monster howls and scratches the attacker with its claws.
- In Konami's 2000 roleplaying game, Suikoden II, a recruitable character, Bob, has the ability to turn into a werewolf for three rounds.
- In Konami's 2009 visual novel Ōkami Kakushi and the anime based on it, many of the citizens of the village of Jōga are werewolves, though they do not transform into monsters. They become affected by the full moon and pass their curse on by kissing their victims rather than biting them.
- In Dungeons and Dragons, lycanthropy is an acquired character template.
- The Druid character class in Diablo II: Lord of Destruction can learn to become a Werewolf.
- In Sly 3 Honor Among Thieves there is a werewolf roaming its territory constantly in episode 3 flights of fancy, it can be taken control of by The Guru. Bentley often refers to it as Lupos Gigantormus for a name.
- In The Sims 2 Pets expansion pack, Sims can become a werewolves.
- In Lionhead's The Movies, werewolves can be featured as characters in your movies.
- In the Nintendo DS video game Castlevania: Portrait of Ruin, a werewolf is one of the bosses that fights Jonathan and Charlotte.
- In the new Sonic game, Sonic Unleashed, Sonic unwillingly gains a new persona known as "Sonic the Werehog." Sonic slows down, but in return, gains incredible strength and the ability to stretch his arms.
- In Darkstone, a mage may learn the Lychantropy talent.
- In Silverfall, a character focused on nature magic may acquire the ability to turn into a werewolf.
- In Star Ocean: First Departure, the character T'nique Arcana transforms into a werewolf at the beginning of every battle. He changes whenever he gets excited.
- In DotA (Defense of the Ancients), one of the playable hero characters is Banehallow, who is commonly referred to in-game as 'Lycan.'
- In World of Warcraft the player fights werewolf-like monsters called Worgen in the Shadowfang Keep dungeon. Also, in the third expansion, World of Warcraft: Cataclysm, Worgen are a playable race, being able to switch from human and werewolf forms.
- In the game League of Legends: Clash of the Ancients, the character Warwick is an alchemist who is turned into a werewolf for serving the city state of Nox.
- In the game Dragon Age: Origins werewolves are harrassing the Dalish Elves. The player can choose to end their curse or use them in the final battle instead of the elves.
- In Wolf Team an mmofps the players have the ability to turn into werewolves
- Werewolf By Night - Under the light of a full moon, Jack Russell would transform into the Werewolf: a ferocious monster who would prowl the area searching for victims. He would hunt down and maim or kill evildoers as he encountered them, although he would often attack others when threatened or panicked.
- Fables - Private investigator and shape-shifter Bigby Wolf (formerly known in the Homeland as the Big Bad Wolf) is called in to investigate the crime and bring the fable or fables responsible to justice.
- Robert Demos is the less-than-intelligent werewolf lacky of Dan Sethos in Darkness Within
- ^ Wilson, Colin "Werewolves", in Jack Sullivan (ed.) The Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural (Viking Press, 1986) pp. 453-455 (our of print); (Random House Value Publishing, 1989) ISBN-10 0517618524, ISBN-13 978-0517618523
- ^ Brian Frost (1973) Book of the Werewolf: 29
- ^ Squires, J., "Endore, Guy S." in Sullivan
- ^ a b Searles B (1988). Films of Science Fiction and Fantasy. New York: Harry N. Abrams. pp. 165–67. ISBN 0-8109-0922-7.
- ^ Robert Jackson (1995) Witchcraft and the Occult. Devizes, Quintet Publishing: 25
- ^ Berardinelli, James. An American Werewolf in London (review), ReelReviews.com, no date
- ^ Winter,Douglas, "Writers of Today" in Sullivan
- ^ Hawthorne, Rachel (August 25, 2009). "Dark of the Moon". harperteen.com. http://browseinside.harperteen.com/index.aspx?isbn13=9780061709579. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ^ A More Human Twist on the Werewolf Legend
- ^ allmusic
- ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Man_Electrical_Band
- Black, George Fraser. A List of Works Relating to Lycanthropy. New York: New York Public Library Publications, 1919. (earliest published list of werewolf fiction)
- Du Coudray, Chantal Bourgault. The Curse of the Werewolf. London : I. B. Tauris, 2006. ISBN 1-84511-158-3 (book on literary symbolism of the werewolf)
- Flores, Nona C. Animals in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays. New York: Garland, 1996. ISBN 0-8153-1315-2 (contains learned commentary on William of Palerne)
- Frost, Brian J. The Essential Guide to Werewolf Literature. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press 2003. ISBN 0-87972-860-4 (contains long lists of novels and short stories, especially pre-1970s ones, with excerpts)
- Steiger, Brad. The Werewolf Book: The Encyclopedia of Shape-Shifting Beings. Visible Ink Press, 1999. ISBN 1-57859-078-7 (contains long list of movies, medium list of novels)