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Werner Hartmann
11 December 1902(1902-12-11) – 26 April 1963 (aged 60)
Place of birth Silstedt, Harz
Place of death Ussel, Waldeck
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (to 1945)
West Germany West Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
 German Federal Navy
Years of service 1921 – 1945, 1956 – 1952
Rank Kapitän zur See
Unit 2. Unterseebootsflottille
6. Unterseebootsflottille
12. Unterseebootsflottille
27. Unterseebootsflottille
Commands held U-26, May 1936 – September 30, 1938
U-37, September 25, 1939 – May 6, 1940
U-198, November 3, 1942 – January 15, 1944
Awards Iron Cross First Class
U-boat War Badge
Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Captain Werner Hartmann (December 11, 1902 – April 26, 1963) was a German U-boat commander in World War II. He sank 26 ships, amounting to over 115,000 tons sunk, ranking him as the 25th most successful commander in the war.

Hartmann began his naval career as commander of the torpedo boats Seeadler and Albatros in the first years. In 1935 he transferred to the U-boat arm and with his first U-boat, U-26, he patrolled in Spanish waters during the Spanish Civil War. First Watch Officer on board was the later famous Oberleutnant zur See Günther Prien.

During the first months of World War II Hartmann was commander of both of U-37 and of the 2. Unterseebootsflottille. In October 1939 Hartmann was attempted as leader of a wolf pack directed from a U-boat at sea. This strategy proved inefficient, and it was decided henceforth to direct the U-boats from land.

After only three patrols Hartmann received the Knight's Cross. He then had a couple of staff functions until he in November 1941 took command of the 27. Unterseebootsflottille in Gotenhafen.

In November 1942 he took over one of the large Type IXD U-boats and completed with U-198 the third longest patrol ever undertaken, lasting 200 days.

In 1944 he became commander of the U-boat forces in the Mediterranean Sea and in this function received the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.

After the war he spent several years in the Bundesmarine.

Awards

References

  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Kurowski, Franz. Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Schiffer Publishing Ltd, 1995. ISBN 0-88740-748-X.
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-355-0.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
none
Commander of 6. Unterseebootsflottille
October, 1938 – December, 1939
Succeeded by
Korvettenkapitän Georg-Wilhelm Schulz
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Hans Ibbeken
Commander of 2. Unterseebootflottille
January 1940 – May 1940
Succeeded by
Korvettenkapitän Heinz Fischer
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