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The 8th German federal election, 1976, was conducted on 3 October 1976, to elect members to the Bundestag (parliament) of the Federal Republic of Germany.


Issues and Campaign

The coalition of SPD and FDP wanted to be re-elected, with the SPD now led by Helmut Schmidt - the party's candidate for Chancellor. CDU and CSU tried to achieve an absolute majority of the votes to make CDU chairman Helmut Kohl Chancellor.


Party Party List votes Vote percentage (change) Total Seats (change) Seat percentage
Social Democratic Party 16,099,019 42.6% -3.2% 214 -16 43.1%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,995,085 7.9% -0.5% 39 -2 7.9%
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 14,367,302 38.0% +2.8% 190 +13 38.3%
Christian Social Union (CSU) 4,027,499 10.6% +1.0% 53 +5 10.7%
All Others 333,595 0.9%   0   0.0%
Totals 37,822,500 100.0%   496 +0 100.0%
Seat results -- SPD in red, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black


The coalition between the SPD and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor. Between the "sister parties" of CDU and Bavarian CSU there emerged a critical conflict, as the CSU leader Franz Josef Strauß wanted to break both the united Bundestag group of the parties and the agreement not to compete against each other in any Land. Later, this attack was withdrawn, while Strauß became candidate for chancellor for the 1980 elections.




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