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1983 Germany 1990
German federal election, 1987
All 497 seats in the Bundestag
25 January 1987 (1987-01-25)
First party Second party
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F074398-0021, Bonn, Pressekonferenz Bundestagswahlkampf, Kohl.jpg Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F073494-0025, Bundespressekonferenz, Bundestagswahlkampf, Rau.jpg
Leader Helmut Kohl Johannes Rau
Leader since 1973 (chancellor since 1982) -
Last election 278 seats (with FDP) 193 seats
Seats won 269 (with FDP) 186
Seat change -9 -7
Popular vote 20,202,483 14,025,763
Percentage 53.3% (coalition with FDP) 37.0%
Swing -2.3% -1.2%

The 11th German federal election, 1987 was conducted on 25 January 1987, to elect members to the Bundestag, the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany.


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Issues and Campaign

Johannes Rau, vice chairman of SPD, tried to become Chancellor. His campaign suffered from internal party quarrels and a lack of perspectives to build a majority coalition: in those days, the Greens were divided over the question of whether to take part in governments.

One of the major issues in this election was the environment, after the Chernobyl disaster and other accidents.


Party Party List votes Vote percentage (change) Total Seats (change) Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 13,045,745 34.4% -3.7% 174 -17 35.0%
Christian Social Union (CSU) 3,715,827 9.8% -0.8% 49 -4 9.9%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 3,440,911 9.1% +2.2% 46 +12 9.3%
Social Democratic Party 14,025,763 37.0% -1.2% 186 -7 37.4%
The Greens 3,126,256 8.3% +2.7% 42 +15 8.5%
All Others 512,817 1.3%   0   0.0%
Totals 37,867,319 100.0%   497 -1 100.0%
Seat results -- SPD in red, Greens in green, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black


The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Kohl as Chancellor. The Greens came into parliament for the second time and seemed to be established on federal level.




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