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West Orange, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′19″N 74°15′19″W / 40.78861°N 74.25528°W / 40.78861; -74.25528
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated April 10, 1863
Government
 - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 - Mayor John F. McKeon
Area
 - Total 12.2 sq mi (31.7 km2)
 - Land 12.1 sq mi (31.4 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation [1] 443 ft (135 m)
Population (2008)[2]
 - Total 42,617
 Density 3,708.7/sq mi (1,431.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07052
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 34-79800[3][4]
GNIS feature ID 1729718[5]
Website http://www.westorange.org

West Orange is a township in central Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 44,943. West Orange adjoins the South Mountain Reservation.

Contents

Geography

West Orange is located at 40°47′19″N 74°15′19″W / 40.788650°N 74.255416°W / 40.788650; -74.255416Coordinates: 40°47′19″N 74°15′19″W / 40.788650°N 74.255416°W / 40.788650; -74.255416 (40.788650, -74.255416).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 12.2 square miles (31.7 km2), of which, 12.1 square miles (31.4 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) of it (0.90%) is water.

The oldest and most densely populated part of the township lies in the low valley along the border with the City of Orange, between Montclair Township in the north and South Orange Township to the south ("down the hill"). The Edison National Historic Site is located on Main Street in this section, and several major east-west arteries of the Newark street grid have their western terminus here, notably Central and Park Avenues. Downtown West Orange has a more urban character than the rest of the township.

Moving west, the neighborhoods along the First Watchung Mountain become increasingly suburban, ascending the steep hill along Northfield, Mount Pleasant, and Eagle Rock Avenues. The housing stock in neighborhoods of Hutton Park and the First Mountain neighborhoods is a mixture of 19th-century and Jazz Age estates, large pre-war Tudor-style houses, garden apartments, and post-war suburban houses. Llewellyn Park, one of the country's first planned communities, is also located on the First Mountain. These parts of town overlook downtown West Orange and many streets, often called terraces, have sweeping views of the skylines of downtown Newark and New York City.

Beyond the high ridge of Prospect Avenue ("up the hill"), the township transitions to a predominantly post-war suburban neighborhood, interspersed with pockets of older homes, golf courses, and shopping centers, sloping back down toward Pleasant Valley Way. Pleasantdale includes a business district and large Orthodox Jewish community.

Aerial view

The westernmost section of West Orange lies along the eastern face of the Second Watchung Mountain, and includes a large part of South Mountain Reservation. The post-war housing stock in this neighborhood resembles Pleasant Valley, bordering the townships of Millburn, Maplewood and Livingston.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 24,327
1940 25,662 5.5%
1950 28,605 11.5%
1960 39,895 39.5%
1970 43,715 9.6%
1980 39,510 −9.6%
1990 39,103 −1.0%
2000 44,943 14.9%
Est. 2008 42,617 [2] −5.2%
Population 1930 - 1990.[7]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 44,943 people, 16,480 households, and 11,684 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,708.7 people per square mile (1,431.7/km2). There were 16,901 housing units at an average density of 1,394.7/sq mi (538.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 67.55% White, 17.46% African American, 0.14% Native American, 8.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.52% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.04% of the population.

There were 16,480 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.19. In the township the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

According to a 2007 estimate[8], the median income for a household in the township was $90,334, and the median income for a family was $106,233. Males had a median income of $52,029 versus $39,484 for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,412. About 4.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Municipal Building

The Township of West Orange is governed by the Mayor-Council system of municipal government under the Faulkner Act. Within this form of government, each member of the Township Council is elected to four-year terms on a staggered basis, in nonpartisan elections and serves on an at-large basis, representing the entire township.[9]

The Mayor[10] and members of the Township Council[11] are:

  • John F. McKeon, Mayor (term ends June 30, 2012)
  • Sal M. Anderton, Township Councilman (2012)
  • Renard Barnes, Township Councilman, Township Council President (2010)
  • Patty Spango., Township Councilwoman (2012)
  • Susan McCartney, Township Councilwoman (2010)
  • Robert Parisi, Township Councilman (2012)
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Municipal Court

  • Harry L. Starrett - Presiding Judge, West Orange Municipal Court
  • Margaret Padovano - Municipal Judge, West Orange Municipal Court
  • Mark Infante - Municipal Prosecutor. The Office of Municipal Prosecutor remains unoccupied since Mark Infante was tragically killed when struck by an automobile while walking along Route 35 in Lavallette, NJ, on November 27, 2009. http://www.law.com/jsp/nj/PubArticleNJ.jsp?id=1202436139988

Township facilities

Politics

On the national level, West Orange leans toward the Democratic Party. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 68% of the vote, as opposed to Republican John McCain, who received around 29%.[12]

Federal, state and county representation

West Orange is split between the Eighth and Tenth Congressional and is part of New Jersey's 27th Legislative District.[13]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District, covering the southern portion of Passaic County and northern sections of Essex County, is represented by Bill Pascrell Jr. (D, Paterson). New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District, covering portions of Essex County, Hudson County, and Union County, is represented by Donald M. Payne (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2010-2011 Legislative Session, the 27th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[14] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[15] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[16]

West Orange is represented on the Essex County Board of Chosen Freeholders by Freeholders Linda Lordi-Cavanaugh (District 4), Donald M. Payne, Jr. (At-Large) and Freeholder Blonnie R. Watson (At-Large).

Education

The West Orange Public Schools serves students in Kindergarten through 12th grade, including a total of eleven school facilities. Schools in the district (with 2006-07 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[17]) are seven elementary schools (all K-5, except as noted) — Gregory (497 students), Hazel Avenue (321), Mount Pleasant (381), Pleasantdale (PreK-5; 474), Redwood (493), St. Cloud (356) and Washington (412) — three middle schools — Edison (6; 451), Liberty (7&8; 533) and Roosevelt (7&8; 393) — and one high school, West Orange High School (2,011), for grades 9-12. In the 1990s, the West Orange school district was ranked among the top 1% of schools in the nation by The Washington Post.

History

West Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, and remained such until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of The Oranges was detached to form Orange Township.[18] On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected. On January 31, 1860, Orange was incorporated as a town, and on April 3, 1872, it was officially incorporated as a city.[18] Almost immediately, Orange began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on April 1, 1861, Fairmount (an independent municipality for less than one year that was later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862 and East Orange on March 4, 1863.[18] West Orange (including what had been the briefly-independent municipality of Fairmount) was formed as a township on April 10, 1863, and was reformed as a town on February 28, 1900.[18]

Llewellyn Park, the first planned community in America, is located within West Orange. Designed by Llewellyn Haskell and A. J. Davis in 1857.[19] Llewellyn Park is considered the best example of "The Romantic Landscape" movement of that period. Thomas Edison was one of the many residents.

Sports

The Jersey Rockhoppers Hockey Team of the Eastern Professional Hockey League have played home games at the Richard J. Codey Arena since Fall 2008. The arena also used to be the practice facility for The New Jersey Devils.

Mass media and telecommunications

For years West Orange has been a hotbed for the mass-media and telecommunications industries. Edison's Black Maria, the first movie studio ever, was located here. Several broadcast antennas are located in the town. From the mid-1970s until the early 1990s Channel 68 TV maintained their offices, studios and transmitter on Eagle Rock Avenue which was later occupied by WNBC-TV and WPXN-TV as a backup transmitter facility after Channel 68 moved to West Market Street in Newark. As of March 2007, the 416 Eagle Rock Avenue property is an empty lot, the main building which housed Channel 68 was recently demolished and the transmitter tower stands alone. WFME Radio has offices studios and transmitter while their sister station WFME-TV has executive offices in the same building on Mount Pleasant Avenue next to an MCI Communications (Now part of Verizon Communications) Fiber optics and satellite transmission facility and a Fiber Optic and satellite transmission facility on Eagle Rock Avenue next to the old Channel 68 building. Former Upsala College radio station WFMU's transmitter is on Marcella Avenue just down the street from WFME. Sprint Nextel and Verizon Wireless all have cell towers located throughout the township to provide clear coverage and Verizon maintains a huge Central Office on Prospect Avenue.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of West Orange include:

Trivia

  • The Essex County Parks and Recreation Department erected a memorial inside of Eagle Rock Reservation to the memory of those Essex County residents who were killed during the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The memorial is located on a site that overlooks the New York City skyline, and was dedicated on October 20, 2002.[43]
  • West Orange was frequently used as a locale in the HBO mafia series The Sopranos. Filming locations included the Green Hill Retirement Community on Pleasant Valley Way depicted as the Green Grove Nursing Home where Tony's mother Livia resided and the Police Department headquarters located at 60 Main Street was depicted as the East Haledon Police Department in the episode Johnny Cakes.
  • The New Jersey Devils, a NHL team, used the Richard J. Codey Arena at South Mountain as their practice facility until the 07-08 season.
  • Thomas Edison bought a property known as Glenmont in 1886 as a wedding gift for his bride. It occupies 13.5 acres (55,000 m2) in the Llewellyn Park district. The remains of both Thomas and Mina Edison are now buried there. Glenmont is maintained by the National Park Service as part of the Edison National Historic Site.
  • The first motion picture studio, The Black Maria, was located on the grounds of Edison's factory in West Orange.
  • The first Linens-N-Things store which has since permanently closed was located on the upper level of the Essex Green Shopping Center.
  • Turtle Back Zoo, founded in 1963 and currently one of only four zoos in New Jersey, is located in the South Mountain Reservation.
  • West Orange has the largest population of Jewish and Roman Catholic residents in Essex County.[citation needed]
  • In 1999, West Orange was chosen to participate in Nickelodeon's Big Help-a-Thon kids volunteer movement.
  • In 2000, West Orange was chosen as one of the cities to host the annual CowParade.[44]
  • West Orange also houses a branch of the New Jersey National Guard at the West Orange Armory.
  • West Orange High School was among the first high schools in the nation to put on Rent for its spring musical.
  • West Orange is building a miniature golf course and diner near the Eagle Rock Reservation which is scheduled to open in the Spring of 2010.

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Township of West Orange, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Census data for West Orange township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 11, 2009.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  8. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US3401379800&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34003%7C06000US3400372360&_street=&_county=west+orange&_cityTown=west+orange&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  9. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 125.
  10. ^ "Mayor's Office". http://www.westorange.org/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={8EF4E130-224C-4AA4-9001-7D58A0C8F19D}. Retrieved 14 Mar 2010. 
  11. ^ "Meet the Council". http://www.westorange.org/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={7DA6B9A3-B2C6-4BA9-9442-E3C8D797A865}&DE=. Retrieved 9 Mar 2010. 
  12. ^ http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/results_2009_doe.html
  13. ^ New Jersey Citizens Guide to Government p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed August 24, 2006.
  14. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  15. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  16. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  17. ^ Data for the West Orange Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 11, 2009.
  18. ^ a b c d "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 133.
  19. ^ LP Historical Society and Archives, Llewellyn Park. Accessed September 10, 2007.
  20. ^ Stewart, Zan. "Born to swing: Nat Adderley Jr. returns to his roots", The Star-Ledger, September 10, 2009. Accessed September 10, 2009.
  21. ^ Golway, Terry. "When Codey Talks, He Talks to Them", The New York Times, October 31, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Essex County, home of the state's largest city, Newark, and a diverse population of nearly 800,000, has not had a governor to call its own since Brendan T. Byrne - another native of West Orange - left office January 1982."
  22. ^ Fowler, Glenn. "Joan Caulfield, A Film Actress, Is Dead at 69", The New York Times, June 20, 1991. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Miss Caulfield, who was a native of West Orange, N.J., attended Columbia University and was a fashion model and a cover girl before she landed ingenue roles on Broadway in the early 1940's."
  23. ^ Fairleigh Dickinson University Commencement Honoree: Richard J. Codey, Fairleigh Dickinson University. Accessed December 31, 2006.
  24. ^ Young, Jim. "STRONG SENDEK RECRUITING CLASS ADDS N.J. POWER FORWARD", Greensboro News & Record, september 24, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2007, "N.C. State landed its third commitment for the Class of 2005 when Brandon Costner, a 6-foot-8, 210-pound power forward from West Orange, N.J., picked the Wolfpack on Wednesday."
  25. ^ A killer's final insult, The Star-Ledger, March 3, 2006.
  26. ^ "Webster and Miss Duenkel Gain Diving and Swimming Gold Medals for U.S.; JERSEY GIRL SETS 400-METER MARK She Captures Free-Style in 4:43.3 -- Webster Rallies From 6th in High Diving", The New York Times, October 18, 1964. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Bob Webster, a 25-year-old diving perfectionist from Santa Ana, Calif., and Ginny Duenkel, a free-style swimmer from West Orange, N.J., won gold medals today for the United States."
  27. ^ Jordan, Chris. "Hip-hop phenomenon 'mixtapes' go mainstream", The Tennessean , March 8, 2005. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Whoo Kid, who hails from West Orange, N.J., has certainly diversified. The Queens-raised kid of Haitian parents starting spinning at 16; now, he performs around the world with 50 Cent and on his own."
  28. ^ New Jersey Governor Charles Edison, National Governors Association. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Charles Edison, the fifty-eighth governor of New Jersey, was born in West Orange, New Jersey on August 3, 1890."
  29. ^ Pace, Eric (November 26, 1992). "Theodore M. Edison; An Illustrious Father Guided Inventor, 94". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CEEDA173DF935A15752C1A964958260. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Theodore M. Edison, an inventor, environmentalist and philanthropist who was the last surviving child of the inventor Thomas Alva Edison, died on Tuesday at his home in West Orange. He was 94 years old." 
  30. ^ Thomas Edison National Historical Park, govnotes.com. Accessed November 5, 2007. "Half of Edison's astonishing 1,093 patents were earned during the 44 years he lived in West Orange."
  31. ^ curtain calls and residency supported by Michael Redmond, Sunday Star-Ledger, August 18, 1991.
  32. ^ "Major Army Command Says Farewell to Four-Star Commander", United States Army Materiel Command press release. Accessed November 19, 2007. "Kern was raised in West Orange , NJ and graduated from West Orange High School."
  33. ^ La Gorce, Tammy. "New Jersey's Magic Moments", The New York Times, October 30, 2005. Accessed November 25, 2007.
  34. ^ La Gorce, Tammy. "MUSIC; No Longer the Best Soul Singer Nobody Knows", The New York Times, February 19, 2006. Accessed April 16, 2008. "After trying to find joy everywhere from Memphis to New York City, Ms. LaVette, a ragged-voiced veteran soul singer, fades out with the pronouncement: So I went to West Orange."
  35. ^ via Associated Press. "Joseph G. Minish, Ex-New Jersey Congressman, Dies at 91", The New York Times, November 26, 2007. Accessed November 26, 2007. "Mr. Minish, a longtime West Orange resident, died at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, N.J., said Michael Brown of the Quinn-Hopping Funeral Home in Livingston."
  36. ^ Bodley, Hal. "N.Y. Yankees Hall of Famer Phil Rizzuto dies at 89", USA Today, August 15, 2007. Accessed July 3, 2008. "Rizzuto, who would have been 90 in September, died Tuesday from pneumonia after living his last several years in declining health at a West Orange, N.J., nursing home."
  37. ^ Kaufman, Michael T. "Peter W. Rodino Dies at 96; Led House Inquiry on Nixon", The New York Times, May 8, 2005. Accessed November 25, 2007. "Peter W. Rodino Jr., an obscure congressman from the streets of Newark who impressed the nation by the dignity, fairness and firmness he showed as chairman of the impeachment hearings that induced Richard M. Nixon to resign as president, died yesterday at his home in West Orange, N.J.. He was 95."
  38. ^ Wakin, Daniel J. "Alfredo Silipigni, 74, Who Founded an Opera Company, Dies", The New York Times, March 29, 2006. Accessed June 2, 2008. "Alfredo Silipigni, a conductor and specialist in lesser-known Italian operas who founded the New Jersey State Opera and ran it for four decades, died on Saturday in Livingston, N.J. He was 74 and lived in West Orange, N.J."
  39. ^ The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
  40. ^ Eveyn Ward biography
  41. ^ Edel, Raymond A. "Mini-Bio for Kids: Ian Ziering", The Record (Bergen County), December 20, 1992. Accessed September 29, 2007. "Ian, a native of West Orange, is a graduate of William Paterson College in Wayne."
  42. ^ Sullivan, Joseph F. "Jersey Man in Abscam Case Is Experienced With Inquiries; Conspiracy Charges Dismissed Two Other Directors From Jersey Started as Tire Salesman Need for Advice Questioned Bid-Rigging Indictment Message Termed Death Threat", The New York Times, March 9, 1980. "Mr. Zwillman, who later was found hanged in his West Orange home, also testified about his relationship with Mr. Bozzo."
  43. ^ "Remembrance and Rebirth" - The Essex County September 11, 2001 Memorial at Eagle Rock Reservation, accessed March 23, 2007.
  44. ^ Boxer, Sarah. "CRITIC'S NOTEBOOK: Cattle Are Standin' Like Statues; Isn't It Time to Put Those Fiberglass Visitors Out to Pasture?", The New York Times, July 12, 2000. Accessed October 2, 2007. "It's time to rain on the CowParade, the influx of painted bovine forms that has been choking the sidewalks and parks of New York City, Stamford, Conn., and West Orange, N.J., since mid-June."

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