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Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR, West German Broadcasting)[1] is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne. WDR is a constituent member of the consortium of German public-broadcasting institutions, ARD. As well as contributing to the output of national television channel Das Erste, WDR produces the regional television service WDR Fernsehen (formerly known as WDF and West3) and six regional radio networks.

Contents

History

One of the WDR buildings in Cologne

WDR was created in 1955, when Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR) was split into Norddeutscher Rundfunk – covering Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Hamburg – and Westdeutscher Rundfunk, responsible for North Rhine-Westphalia. WDR began broadcasting on two radio networks on 1 January 1956.

Finances

Licensing fees required for Radio and TV sets are €17.03 per month, as of 1 April 2005. For radio reception alone, the monthly fee is €5.52 These fees are not collected directly by the WDR but by the GEZ that is a common organisation of ARD, it's members , ZDF and Deutschlandfunk.

Television

WDR began its regional television service, Westdeutsches Fernsehen (WDF), on 17 December 1965. In 1988 the channel was renamed West3; since 1994, it has been known as WDR Fernsehen.

While the programmes are mainly run from their Köln headquarters, they also have a number of sub-regional studios contributing a regular broadcast called Lokalzeit with the addition "Regio Aachen" (Aachen), "OWL aktuell" (Bielefeld), "aus Bonn" (Bonn), "aus Dortmund" (Dortmund), "aus Düsseldorf" (Düsseldorf), "aus Duisburg" (Duisburg),"Ruhr" (Essen), "Köln" (Köln and Bonn), "Münsterland" (Münster), "Südwestfalen" (Siegen) and "Bergisches Land" (Wuppertal) for each respective region. WDR has its current affairs and regional-politics studios in Düsseldorf.

It has served as the production entity for network shows on the ARD, such as Verbotene Liebe, which over the years has exposed many young actors to the German audience, such as Andreas Stenschke, Jo Weil, Luca Zamperoni and Kay Böger.

Radio

  • 1LIVE (previously L1VE: Radio Eins Live and, prior to 1995, WDR 1): popular music aimed at a young audience modelled after BBC Radio 1. Special non-mainstream nighttime programmes such as "Heimatkult" with pop music from Germany or "Lauschangriff", a series of audio-books.
  • WDR 2 (motto: Der Sender, "The Station"): adult-oriented popular music, strong emphasis on national and regional news and current affairs.
  • WDR 3 mostly classical, jazz and world music, some spoken-word features on culture and drama.
  • WDR 4 (motto: Schönes bleibt, "The beautiful endures"): mostly oriented toward senior citizens, mainly melodic German language music.
  • WDR 5 (previously WDR Radio 5): spoken-word programme with a focus on culture and society.
  • Funkhaus Europa 103,3 (previously WDR 5 Funkhaus Europa): originally an offshoot of WDR 5, now a joint programme with Radio Bremen targeted at foreigners and immigrants and promoting integration efforts, with a more general world music selection. Not available over-the-air in all parts of WDR's licensed area.

The WDR radio stations are available on FM, cable, satellite and digital. WDR 2 is broadcast on two AM stations, 720 and 774 kHz, with even longer traffic announcements and the possibility to opt out for coverage of Parliament.

Despite the fact that WDR is a public broadcaster that receives a lot of its funds through licence fees, 1LIVE, WDR 2 and WDR 4 carry daytime commercials Monday through Saturday.

WDR also produces several experimental digital radio channels, which are mostly variations on 1LIVE and WDR2.

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Live streams

Notes

  1. ^ Full official name: Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln

See also

External links


Simple English

The Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR, official "Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln") is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne. WDR is a constituent member of the consortium of German public-broadcasting institutions, ARD. The WDR produces the regional television service WDR Fernsehen (formerly known as WDF and West3) and six regional radio channels.

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