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Western Cape Provincial Parliament
Wes-Kaapse Provinsiale Parlement
iPalamente yePhondo leNtshona Kapa
4th Parliament
Coat of arms or logo.
Type Unicameral
Speaker Shahid Esau, DA
since 6 May 2009
Deputy Speaker Richard Majola, DA
since 6 May 2009
Members 42
Seat breakdown of the Western Cape Provincial Parliament.svg
Political groups Democratic Alliance (22)
African National Congress (14)
Congress of the People (3)
Independent Democrats (2)
African Christian Democratic Party (1)
Voting system Party-list proportional representation
Last election 22 April 2009
Meeting place
7 Wale Street, Cape Town 8000
Western Cape

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Western Cape

  • Constitution

  • Other Provincial Politics articles
  • EC • FS • GP • ZN • LPMP • NC • NW • WC

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The Western Cape Provincial Parliament (WCPP) is the legislature of the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is located in the Provincial Government Building at 7 Wale Street, Cape Town.

The Provincial Parliament, along with the other provincial legislatures of South Africa, exists by virtue of Chapter 6 of the Constitution of South Africa and Chapter 3 of the Constitution of the Western Cape. It is unicameral, and consists of 42 members elected by a system of party-list proportional representation.

The Western Cape is unique amongst the provinces of South Africa in calling its legislature the "Provincial Parliament" and the members Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs). The other provinces use the terms "Provincial Legislature" and "Members of the Provincial Legislature".

The Fourth Provincial Parliament was elected on 22 April 2009 in South Africa's fourth democratic elections. A majority of the members belong to the Democratic Alliance.



The Provincial Parliament is modelled on the Westminster system. The executive head of the provincial government, the Premier of the Western Cape, is elected by the Members of the Provincial Parliament from amongst themselves; conventionally the Premier will be the leader of the largest party in the parliament. The Premier then chooses the members of the Provincial Cabinet, who must also be MPPs. The Provincial Parliament also has the power to force the Premier and Cabinet to resign, by passing a motion of no confidence.[1]

The legislative power of the Provincial Parliament is restricted to certain fields enumerated in the national Constitution; in some of these fields the power is shared with the national Parliament. The fields on which the Provincial Parliament may legislate include health care, primary and secondary education, agriculture, transport, and land use planning. It also controls the budget of the provincial government departments.

Legislation may be introduced by any member, except for money bills, which may be introduced only by the Provincial Minister of Finance. Laws passed by the Provincial Parliament must be signed by the Premier before coming into effect. The Premier may refer a bill back to Parliament for reconsideration if she believes it is unconstitutional. If the Parliament re-passes it, then the Premier must either sign it or refer it to the Constitutional Court, which can make a final decision on its constitutionality.


The presiding officer of the Provincial Parliament is the Speaker, assisted by a Deputy Speaker. As of 2009 the Speaker is Shahid Esau[2] and the Deputy Speaker is Richard Majola[3], both members of the Democratic Alliance.

Apart from being the executive head of the province, the Premier also leads the governing party or coalition in the Provincial Parliament. The leader of the largest party not in government is recognised as Leader of the Opposition. As of 2009 the Premier is Helen Zille of the Democratic Alliance, and the Leader of the Opposition is Lynne Brown of the African National Congress.

List of Speakers

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Willem Doman 1994 2001 NNP
Lynne Brown[4] 2001 2004 ANC
Shaun Byneveldt 2004 2009 ANC
Shahid Esau 2009 Present DA



  1. ^ Constitution of the Western Cape, 1997
  2. ^ Hartley, Aziz (7 May 2009). "Zille officially occupies W Cape's hot seat". Cape Times. Retrieved 7 May 2009.  
  3. ^ Crowie, Mikhaila (6 May 2009). "Hard work pays off for new Premier". Bush Radio News. Retrieved 7 May 2009.  
  4. ^ "South Africa Local Leaders". Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership. Retrieved 7 May 2009.  

External links



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