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Time zones of Europe:
blue Western European Time (UTC+0)
Western European Summer Time (UTC+1)
red Central European Time (UTC+1)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
yellow Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
green Moscow Time (UTC+3)
Moscow Summer Time (UTC+4)
Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time: Algeria, Iceland and Tunisia

Western European Time (WET, UTC+0), defined legally as Greenwich Mean Time in the United Kingdom, is the time zone covering parts of western and northwestern Europe, and includes the following countries and regions:

Notably, it does not include France and Spain which use Central European Time (CET), even though both are mostly (France) or completely (Spain) west of 7.5E°. Note also the inclusion of Iceland and eastern Greenland, even though both are west of 15W°

During winter months, the countries above use WET, which corresponds to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT); however in the summer, most (but not all) of the above places move one hour ahead to Western European Summer Time (UTC+1).

There have been calls recently for the UK, particularly England and Wales, to change to CET. [1][2]

Historical uses

A slight variation of this time zone, based until 1911 on the Paris Meridian, was used in:

In the United Kingdom in years 1940-45 British Summer Time (BST=CET) was used in winters and in years 1941-45 & 1947 British Double Summer Time (BDST=CEST) was used in summers. Between 18 February 1968 and 31 October 1971 BST was used all year round.

In Ireland in years 1940-46 Irish Summer Time (IST=CET) was used all year (Ireland did not adopt similar time changes to British Double Summer Time (BDST=CEST) in 1941-45, 1947). Between 18 February 1968 and 31 October 1971 Irish Standard Time was used all year round.

In Portugal, CET was used in the periods 1966-1976 and 1992-1996.

In Africa Morocco uses WET.

References

  1. ^ "Time for a change?". BBC News. 1998-09-25. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/179030.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13.  
  2. ^ "Bill could divide UK time zones". BBC News. 2004-10-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3732690.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13.  
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