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Western Norway
Region (landsdel) of Norway (Norge)
Capital Bergen, Stavanger, Molde, Leikanger
Area 58,582 square kilometres (Template:Convert/mi2)
Population 1,245,439 (2009)
~ density 21.26 inh/km²
4 counties (fylker): Møre og Romsdal
Sogn og Fjordane
Hordaland
Rogaland
File:Vestlandet Norge


Western Norway (Norwegian: Vestlandet) is the region along the Atlantic coast of southern Norway. It consists of the counties Rogaland, Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane, and Møre og Romsdal, altogether 1.2 million people. The largest city is Bergen, second largest is Stavanger.

Their culture and dialect has much in common with Denmark, Scotland, Ireland, Faroe Islands and Iceland. For example, Bergen was the second largest city in Denmark-Norway, the icelandic horse are closely related to the fjord horse and Faroese language memories remain of a westlendic dialect.

Contents

Geography

, Jæren.]]

is a massive cliff 604 metres (1982 feet) above Lysefjorden, opposite the Kjerag plateau, in Forsand.]]
is an island situated in Sandøy municipality in the county of Møre og Romsdal.]]
is one of Norway's most important sources of fruit and constitutes approximately 40% of the national fruit production, including apple, plum, pear, wild cherry and redcurrant.]]

The United Kingdom and the Faroe Islands lie to its west across the North Sea, and Denmark lies south of its southern tip across the North Sea. That is 675 km (419 miles) from the Faroe Islands to Western Norway. The Shetland Island is closer to Western Norway than the island of Britain. Western Norway have a 26 592 kilometers long coastline.

In the southern part of the region is Jæren. This is a very big agriculture in Norway. Otherwise there is not much farming, but in some areas, it is medium-sized land uses and of course a farm here and there. Farms are often small, comparing with other places.

Mountains are a lot of net, and the mountains are high. In relation to that region is as close to the sea here is extremely high mountains. In less than 10 kilometers from the Atlantic to find a peaks over 2000 meters altitude. Further down, the mighty fjords which is several hundred kilometers long.

The highest point is Store Skagastølstind (also known as Storen). The mountain is 2,405 meter high. It is situated on the border between the municipality of Luster and Årdal and is part of the Hurrungane range. The summit is a popular destination for mountaineers but is fairly difficult. First ascent by William Cecil Slingsby on 21 July, 1876. There are a number of different routes, the most popular being Heftye's renne (Heftye's couloir). Another popular route of ascent is via Andrew's renne (Andrew's couloir), first ascent A. W. Andrews and party in 1899. Store Skagastølstind and the mountaineering of the late 19th century in Norway is traditionally linked to the historical hotel Turtagrø.

There are many fjords in Western Norway, Hardangerfjorden, Boknafjorden and Sognefjorden is the longest. The Sognefjord (Sognefjorden) is the largest fjord in Norway, and the second longest in the world, after Scoresby Sund on Greenland. Located in Sogn og Fjordane it stretches 205 km (127 mi) inland to the small village of Skjolden.

Occasionally, the southeastern parts of Rogaland are considered part of Sørlandet and the nortern parts of Møre og Romsdal are considered part of Trøndelag.

Climate

Western Norway is one of the wettest regions in Europe, with precipitation in the mountains near the coast of about 3,500 mm per year on average, and exceeding 5,000 mm in peak years. In Bergen city the average precipitation is 2,250 mm per year [1]. The wet climate is partly due to the Gulf Stream, which also gives this region a milder winter than other parts of Norway, with rain being more common than snow in the winter.

Language

is a natural gas and oil field in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, 100 km North-West of Bergen, 50 km west of the island of Fedje.]]
Religion in Western Norway
religion percent
Protestantism
  
84%
Other Christian
  
4%
Other
  
1%

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1769 193,259

1951 811,979

320.2%
1960 887,537

9.3%
1970 961,676

8.4%
1980 1,033,902

7.5%
1990 1,089,763

5.4%
2000 1,159,176

6.4%
2010 1,261,810

8.9%
2020 1,397,393

10.7%
2030 1,525,853

9.2%
Source: Statistics Norway [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9].

Western Norwayis also notable for the extensive use of the Nynorsk variant of the Norwegian language: Most of the Nynorsk users in Norway (87%) live in Western Norway. But in spite of this the majority of the inhabitants here (56%) use Bokmål (because Bokmål is predominant in the cities). In Sogn og Fjordane (without larger cities) the use of Nynorsk is predominant (97%), and the users of Nynorsk is also a majority in Møre og Romsdal (54%). But in Hordaland and Rogaland the users of Nynorsk are a minority (42% and 26%, respectively).

In many cases nynorsk are more equal icelandic than bokmål:

  • Bokmål: Jeg kommer fra Norge. Jeg snakker norsk.
  • Nynorsk: Eg kjem frå Noreg. Eg talar norsk.
  • Icelandic: Ég kem frá Noregi. Ég tala norsku.
  • English: I come from Norway. I speak norwegian.

Economy

Western Norway is a very rich region. The region is stood for around 70 % of the total BNP in Norway. Today is Stavanger the capital of oil in Norway. Before petroleum and gas was fishing and agriculture the the most important resources in Western Norway. The region stood for around 9 708 803 value of the total 18 922 760 aquaculture and fishing in Norway. [1]

Religion

Western Norway is together with Nord-Norge one of the most religious areas in Norway. Christianity is the largest religion. In Norway says 90,1 % of the people, they are christians, but in Western Norway is the same number more than 95%. But only 88 % are members. The reason is that the Norwegian capital, Oslo, has a lot of immigration of people with different religions. Sure it can find this in Western Norway, but to a lesser extent. This is the part of the country that have the greatest immigration from the Western world.

Cities

and Flåm.]]

Western Norway have 22 cities. Ranked by population:

Panoramic view of Bryggen in Bergen

References

External links

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