Westland, Michigan: Wikis

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Westland, Michigan
—  City  —
Nickname(s): An all American City.
Location of Westland within Michigan
Coordinates: 42°19′27″N 83°24′1″W / 42.32417°N 83.40028°W / 42.32417; -83.40028
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 - Mayor William R. Wild
Area
 - City 20.5 sq mi (53.0 km2)
 - Land 20.4 sq mi (53.0 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 666 ft (199 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 84,504
 - Density 4,234.9/sq mi (1,635.1/km2)
 - Metro 4,488,335 (Detroit metro)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48185-48186
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-86000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1616212[2]
Website http://www.cityofwestland.com

Westland is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located about 16 miles (26 km) west of downtown Detroit. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 86,602.

Contents

Politics

The current mayor of Westland is William (Bill) Wild. During his first term as President of the Westland City Council, Mr. Wild was appointed as mayor after Mayor Sandra A. Cicirelli was elected as judge of the 18th District Court in November 2006. Mr. Wild took office in January 2007.

The legislative body of Westland is the City Council, which contains seven members, elected at large. The current President of the City Council is James Godbout.

In addition to Mr. Godbout, Charles Pickering and Robert Stottlemeyer are the ranking council members with the most seniority (7 years) followed by the 6 years of service by Ms. Cheryl Graunstadt and Mr Michael Kehrer.

Dewey Reeves and Bill Johnson were newly appointed in January 2007 to fill vacancies in the City Council.

History

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Early history

Nankin Mills

During the 1700s, the area was inhabited by the people of a Pottawatomi Indian village. Other tribes, particularly three Algonquian tribes, used the area as hunting territory. A flour mill, which was restored by Henry Ford in 1918, was built in this same area. Once restored, the mill was used to make stencils for Ford car parts. Named Nankin Mills, this historic site is now used as a nature interpretive center and hosts community events.

Before becoming "Westland," the area had several other names. Though white settlers did not begin to settle the area until about 1824, they began to arrive at the beginning of the 19th century.

Bucklin Township was first organized in 1827 and included what is now the cities of Westland, Livonia, Garden City, Inkster, Wayne, Dearborn, Dearborn Heights and Redford Township.

By an act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature, October 20, 1829, Bucklin was divided into Lima and Richland Townships. However, due to a naming conflict under postal regulations at that time, Lima was renamed as Nankin Township, after the Chinese city Nanking, and Richland as Pekin Township, named after Peking, though Pekin became Redford Township in 1833.

In 1835, Livonia Township was split off from Nankin. Wayne incorporated as a village in 1869 and as a city in 1960. Garden City incorporated as a village in 1927 and as a city in 1933. Inkster incorporated as a village in 1926 and as a city in 1964.

The Norwayne subdivision is one of the oldest areas of the city, having existed for over 65 years. The area was built immediately after World War II to provide temporary housing for returning soldiers who worked in nearby factories. Presently, Norwayne is an area that has long been neglected and includes substandard multi-unit duplexes and four-plexes in various degrees of disarray. Please see the Norwayne Googgle Map for a list of primary rental owners along with the district border and schools. In late 2009 the City of Westland received 2.061Million to radically clean up, restore and rehabilitate this historic district. This is through Stimulus/Recovery funds and was allocated under the NSP - Neighborhood Stabilization Program of 2008. Please see the City of Westland Development for additional details. This project is expected to be completed by 2013 and was highlighted in the 2009 State of the City mayoral address.

Later History

By 1960, Nankin's population had increased to 70,000, giving the area the distinction of being the world's largest township. During the early 1960s, the city of Livonia wanted to annex the part of Nankin in which a large shopping mall, Westland Shopping Center, was to be built. The shopping center eventually opened in 1965, joining Northland and Eastland malls in other Detroit Metro cities. In reaction to Livonia's annexation attempts, the people of Nankin voted to change the remainder of the township as a city on May 16, 1966 to the City of Westland. At that time, it was the fourth largest city in Wayne County.

Education

Westland and the city of Wayne formed the Wayne-Westland Community School District. There are four high schools, John Glenn, Tinkham Center, and William D. Ford Career Tech Center and Wayne Memorial in Wayne. Nearly all students that live in the City of Wayne go to Wayne Memorial, along with some residents of the cities of Belleville, Inkster, Romulus and southern Westland. Students in Central Westland, and portions of Northern Westland, as well as isolated areas of neighboring Inkster and Canton attend John Glenn High school. The northernmost portions of Westland are in the Livonia Public Schools school district.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.5 square miles (53.0 km²), of which, 20.5 square miles (53.0 km²) of it is land and 0.0 square miles (0.0 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 86,602 people, 36,533 households, and 22,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,234.9 per square mile (1,635.1/km²). There were 38,077 housing units at an average density of 1,862.0/sq mi (718.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.21% White, 6.77% African American, 0.46% Native American, 2.81% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.47% of the population.

There were 36,533 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,308, and the median income for a family was $55,323. Males had a median income of $45,111 versus $30,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,615. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

In the late 90s Westland and the surrounding cities started experiencing a large growth in the Albanian Community. As of 2008 there is an estimation of 5,000-10,000 Albanians living there. Many of which are from Albania the mainland but also parts of Kosovo and Macedonia.

City services

Westland has a full time Police and Fire Department. The Fire Department offers advanced EMS, fire protection and prevention, and several specialized rescue teams.

The Westland Public Library offers users books, magazines, CDs, playaways, videos, DVDs and electronic materials through access to subscription databases.

Police Department

The Westland Police Department has approximately 100 full time sworn officers. The majority of these officers are assigned to the patrol division working 12 hour shifts. There are also full time officers assigned to the department's traffic bureau, special investigations unit, community policing and neighborhood resources program, K-9 unit, D.A.R.E. program and a school resource officer. In addition, the department operates its own Tactical Response Unit that responds to high risk and hostage situations.

The department provides efficient service to the community by utilizing the latest technology. All police cars are equipped with computers connected to regional, state, and national databases, digital video cameras, report writing ability, and GPS mapping. Officers use the latest in defensive arms and less than lethal weapons including tasers.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 42°19′27″N 83°24′1″W / 42.32417°N 83.40028°W / 42.32417; -83.40028


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